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Troop Leading Procedures

The Art and Science

1. Receive Mission 3. Make a Tentative Plan
2. Issue the Warning Order Use FM 7-8 or Ranger Handbook as a guide to plan through the phases and
3. Make a Tentative Plan critical events.
4. Initiate Movement
5. Conduct Reconnaissance Estimate of the Situation:
6. Complete the Plan [] A. Detailed Mission Analysis: (METT-TC):
7. Issue the Order [] Mission: [Paragraph 2 Mission Statement]
8. Supervise & Refine -ID purpose & intent (at least 2 levels up)
-Understand your role in the big picture “Nested Concept”
1. Receive Mission -ID Main Effort and Supporting Effort
Bring key leaders with you like your RTO, PSG, and SL it saves time with -ID essential, specified, & implied tasks
WARNO and ensures they understand higher’s mission -Understand your “Tactical Task”
[] A. Initial Mission Analysis: -ID decisive point and Endstate in the phases
[] Back brief: Understand the mission & your task -Analyze priority info requirements (PIR)
[] Post Graphs: Fold maps and copy overlays -See Enemy, Terrain and Yourself
[] Read the OPORD with Graphics [] Enemy [Paragraph 1 Enemy]
[] B. Initial Time Analysis: Order of Battle:
[] Backwards Plan and create a tentative timeline: 1/3 -2/3 -Composition: What are they composed of, capabilities?
[] C. Request Assets: “Ask for the world and you may get a town.” -Disposition: Where are they, what are they doing?
[] Interpreters, Air Assets, etc. -Strength: How many, how well equipped?
-Recent Activities: See daily INTSUM
2. Issue the Warning Order -Capabilities
Designed to give advanced notice of operations, provides as much information -Most Probable COA (MPCOA)
as possible to allow subordinates to begin parallel planning and preparation, -Most Dangerous COA (MDCOA)
do not sacrifice time to gain more info Analyze by BOS:
[] WARNO – Keep to 5 paragraph format, must include -Maneuver
[] Situation: Enemy -Fire Support
[] Mission -Air Defense
[] Time Line: OPORD Brief, Rehearsals, SP -Moblility/Countermobility/Surivablity
[] Specific Instructions: Issue Priorities of Work & Rehearsals, -CSS
begin PCI’s and ID mission specific items -C2
[] Terrain & Weather: OAKOC (Effects on Enemy/Friendly)
[] Quick War gaming session with subordinate leaders to get input for plan Terrain [Paragraph 1 Terrain]
-Obstacles: (Foot, Wheel, Tracked, Air)
DELEGATE: -Avenues of Approach
-Key Terrain
PSG Responsibilities: [Paragraph 4 Service and Support] -Observation and Fields of Fire
[] Current troops available -Cover and Concealment
- total # - vehicle security = dismounted Weather:
- adjust task organization if necessary -Visibility
[] Coordinate vehicle assets on hand/request -Wind
- # and type -Precipitation
- Vehicle manifest: who’s riding where -Cloud Cover
[] Inventory available resources on hand/request -Temperature and Humidity
Class 1: Sustenance-Water/MRE [] Troops Available
Class 2: BDU's, LBE, other clothing and tools. -Task organization - current & changes
Class 3: POL/Fuel -Available resources – vehicles/weapon systems/assets (translator)
Class 4: Construction/Barrier (WIRE) -Current/Request
Class 5: Ammo/Demo- how many rounds/magazines (SMOKE) -Morale, Experience, Leadership
Class 6: Hygiene Items. [] Time Analysis [Paragraph 3 Execution-Timeline]
Class 7: Major end items (Tanks & Trucks). -ID critical times and useable time
Class 8: Medical supplies -Make a horizontal time line:
Class 9: Repair parts and Batteries. -Mission Received
[] Update on PLT Equip Status Card (SOP) -OPORD Briefing
[] Initiate PCI’s -RECON
Point Man/Lead Vehicle Responsibilities: COA Sketch/Sand Table -SP
[] Set up Map Board & build Terrain Model -NLT
[] Post graphics & plot grids -Backwards Planning: 1/3 -2/3
[] Prepare route brief -1/3 – 2/3 Rule
[] Civilians: Media, Religion, Economics
RTO Responsibilities: [Paragraph 5 Command and Signal] -Town: Friendly/Neutral/Hostile
[] Load all radios -ID key organizations (ICPC Iraq Civil Defense
[] Motorola inventory Corp, IPS Iraq Police Service)
[] Como check, PLT and CO -ID key leaders & locations (Sheik, Emon, Police
FO Responsibilities: [Paragraph 3 Fires] -Calendar: Religious Holidays and Politics
[] Input GPS/Plugger/Blue Force Tracker -Cultural Sites: Mosque, historic
[] Prepare Fires paragraph
[] B. COA Steps & Development:
-Analyze Relative Combat Power
-Generate Options
-SWOT: Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats
-Array Initial Forces
Delivery Responsibilities (Paragraph/Section-Briefer):
[] C. War game -Scheme of Maneuver/Route: Point Man
-Involve Key Leaders! -Fires: FO
-“Just because it’s not my idea, doesn’t mean it’s not a good idea” -Service and Support: PSG
-Command and Signal: RTO

[] D. Compare COA’s Briefing Techniques:
1. Feasibility: Time/Resources -Start every OPORD briefing reading the ROE
2. Suitability: Aligned with higher -Meetings don’t last as long if we all stand up
3. Acceptability: Risk/Casualty -Give your subordinate leaders a copy of your OPORD shell to take notes
4. Distinguishability -Post mission statement so your leaders can copy
-Back of map board use as a portable sand table
[] E. Make a Decision: [Paragraph 3 Concept of Operation] -During concept of operation paragraph portion put all pen and papers down
-Concept Paragraph: Prepare a COA Sketch and Statement and listen
-Develop a Synch Matrix -Write all issues, questions, problems on board and address at end
-Develop a Scheme of Maneuver
Briefing Tools:
[] Risk Assessment [OPORD Appendix – Safety] -laser, pointers, marker board, butcher paper, overlay, sandtables
1) ID Hazards
2) Assess Hazards 8. Supervise & Refine
3) Develop Controls Rehearsals: (key leaders, force on force, radio, rock drills, sand table)
4) Implement Controls [] battle drills & CQC
5) Supervise & Evaluate [] actions on the objective
[] CASEVAC (Friendly, COB, EPW)
4. Initiate Movement [] EPW Search and Detain
-Can take place anytime [] ROE
-PMCS & Stage Vehicles in Order of March [] Translator ?’s Priority Information Requirements (PIR)
-Kick out Recon/Snipers/Quartering Party
-Take up assembly area, attack position Inspections & Spot Checks (PCI’s)
[] individual equip
5. Conduct Reconnaissance [] weapons and ammunition
Used to confirm or deny assumptions about the enemy and the terrain. Also [] vehicle
helps leaders visualize the operation. Never go anywhere for the first time! [] mission essential equipment
[] brief-back & spot checks
-Types: Map, Satellite, Arial, Predators, Choppers
- Ldr’s Recon, Route Recon, OBJ Confirmation Back Brief:
-Bring digital camera & interpreter [] Enemy most probable coa
- Leave a GOTWA: [] Higher’s intent
Going: Where are you going? [] Mission analysis: specified & implied,
Others: Others you are taking with you. [] Unit status: personnel, equip, limitations
What: What are you doing? [] Concept of operation
Actions: Actions to do while I am gone or if I don’t return. [] Timeline
[] Questions/Assistance/Issues/Concerns
6. Complete the Plan
[] put all parts of OPORD together AAR/Patrol De-brief
[] graphics, terrain model/sketch [] Restate Mission & Objectives
[] designate the briefing area [] Review & Make a Timeline: collect key events from participants
[] coordinate follow up on CSS and C2 requirements [] Strengths/Sustain/What went well
[] final coordination with adjacent units [] Weakness/Improve/What didn’t go well
[] Recommendations (each weakness needs a recommendation)
7. Issue the Order [] Lesson Learned: Tactics, Techniques, & Procedures
Using the five paragraph format, the platoon leader concisely and [] Feedback to improve training, safety, or Intel gathering
precisely explains how the platoon will accomplish its assigned mission. [] Summary
Subordinates share the PL’s vision. Walk away with a clear
understanding of what has to happen