You are on page 1of 57

;

( )
Acupuncture ( )
Acupuntura ( )
Agopuntura ( )
Zhen jiu ( ) =
(, )

=>
=> .


:
,
+ .
. : 14
(Manchester
Metropolitan Univ., London South Bank Univ., Middlesex
Univ., Univ. Of Westminster [MSci], Glyndwr Univ., Univ.
of East London, Kingston Univ., Univ.of Lincoln, Univ.of
Brighton, Univ.of Salford, Thames Valley University,
Leeds Metropolitan University, University of
Hertfordshire, University Of Stirling)

*

( Klinik fr Naturheilkunde und
Integrative Medizin, www.kliniken-essenmitte.de)

. Duisburg-Essen
+ Universittsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf


(National University of
Health Sciences - Lombard-Illinois, University of
Bridgeport Connecticut ..)

(acupuncture)*

(
) ( )


(-),

:
;
;
;

1
WHO () 1946-48

,


.
; ;
:

2*
(1980)

- ,
- ,

- ,
.

:

.


1. (TCM) -
(
),


(
,
..)
14 (670 ), 12
, 2

14 ( )
) 6 :
, ,
, , ,

) 6 ( ):
, , , ,
, .
) 2 :
,
.


, 324
, 323
(Zhou 1979).
( )

( ) (Wick 2007)


=>


C -


,



.

(Li
2004)


60
20
(..
.)
.. Ding Chuan



;
+



+

+ !
.. , ,
+ !
( , ,
, , ,
.. )


+
5
1.
=> , , , ,
, , - ,
, .

2. => , , ,
3. + => , ,
4. => , ,
5. => , ..

5
-
1.
=> , , ,
.. ( , )
2. +
=> , (
), ,
+ (
, + ), ().

3. +
=> , ,
, ()
4. ()
=> , , ,
-,
, ()
5. , -
=> , , ,
, ()

3.
1)
- (, / )
-
-
-
-
2)
3)


:
1. (, , .)
2. (, , , ,
) .
.. - /
3. * +
) (, , ..)
) ( + )
4. (, , , )


1.


2.
,

3.


:
,
, - ,

, .

;
12 .
=> +

-
1) ,

( )
=>
.. => 20
=> 9
=> 7
2) =>
(acupoint)

-
3) (
)

:
, , ,

!!

!!!

1 9


2. -
()

, -
() .



, (-)


3. ()

=>
:
2 Hz 100 Hz


( = ) !

700 !!!


4.
(1 - 2
) =
=> -

(TCM)



=>
!!
500 . . Canon of Medicine
100 . .
(The Yellow Emperors Classic of
Internal Medicine) !!
6 +
8


1664 . .
( Su Wen )
1680 1 (Rhijne)

16 . , 1816
(Berlioz)
1830-50 + (Lancet)

1950 -
.
:
!!!

-
(Melzack + Wall
1965, gate-control-theory)

:
1) : , ,
, (Lewith 1984)
2) (, )
3) : (Brklein 2007)=>
(..
), ,
,
, ,

-
1.

: P (
)
()
, ,
. . P ,

[ ]
(Sjolund 1977, 2008) =>

-
.
(A, A and C)

( )
:
(NRM),
(PAG), , (Arc),
, , ,
, , ,
, (Zhao 2008)

-

,
(m-, d- k- ),
(NMDA AMPA/KA - ),
5- .


Arc-PAG-NRM-



!


40



(..
)


(..
)

(Scalp-acup.)


1) (WHO): ,

:
- ,
-
-
-
- , (Lumbago), .
- , ()


- , ,
,
- , / , .
- ( )
- ( )
- , ,
, ().
- , .


, ( ,
, )
,

(
)
- /
(.. , )


2) (WHO): /

:

-
- ,
(, , )
-
-
.



,
, .
( -.)
, (,
)
(Ebola..)
, .


( )



, .
,
, .


Meniere (
)
.


/
.

.




-

;
,
,
;



( . .)
(
) ;