f'lolie,.,.". ber ) ,q e6 CONTENTS


Name change reminder David Cay gill

US State: Department Documents

Gopls Thesis on Protest

Of Banks and Butter : The GATT Negotiations Kawerau : A Test for NZ Transnationals

CIA in the Pacific

Sherwood Forest Revisited

Follow That Bike! Christchurch: Home of the Big Noters Deregulating the Oil: but who are the regulators?

2 3 3



11 12 15 17 19 19

Comaleo Takes New Zealand to Court

CIA Disinformation about Libya in New Zealand US Disinformation about New Zealand in America

... ,"

ISSN 01110896.

Registered at Wellington PO as a Magazine. Published by CAFCINZ, POBox 2258 Christchurch, New Zealand.

The material in this issue may be reprinted provided the source is acknowledged. A copy would be appreciated. =.

We have changed our name from CAFCINZ to CAFC! (Campaign Against Foreign Control of Aotearoa). For economy reasons we are using up our existing stock of Watchdog front pages (pre-printed).

Please address all letters, cheques, etc. to CAFeA.




Watchdog 53 detailed our dealings with David Caygillt Minister of Trade and Industry, Associate Minister of Finance, MP for St Albans, Watchdog subscriber and CAFCA'member. We wrote to him (more than once) asking how he could reconcile CAFCA membersh:i.pwith being one of the inner cabal of Ministers pushing t11rough Labour's lunatic laissez faire capitalist policies.

Answer came there none . But David ha sn I t forgotten us. He I s renewed his Watchdog sub - and changed his postal address from his Christchurchh6me to his Mtriisterial


This intrigued the "Star" whi ch ran a story on it (17 ~9.86)headed,"Gro,upat

odds with Minister", It quoted generously frolT! the Watchdog 51 article Cayg I l L' s totally cont.radf.ct.or y speeches on foreign Lnvest.merit (one 'story in Opposition, quite another in power).·

The " " contacted Cayg i Ll for his reaction. "Nr Caygill says he merely subscribes r o the news l et t er., not CAFCA! s views, although he concedes '1.n their terminology' he has 'belonged for some years'.H

In other circumstances. we mighti be proud to have a: senion Cabinet ~1inister as a longstanding subscriber and member. We mi8~t even have invited him or her to be our patron. But we find the current sitbation 'with the Honourable David Cayg fl'I to be an embarrassment and disassociate; ourse lves entirely from the economic po1:icies pursued, ,VJ,i~1' such zeal by him, Douglas, Prebble and Treasury t s mad mullahs of moneta'i'\vehbpe he chokes on ,vatchdog.

Watchdog 53 analysed the State Department's "Guidelines for Policy and Operations - New Zealandlf, 1962 and 1966 vers1-0ns. We wrote to the State Department asking for the rather more recent ed iti.ons , It replied (2.9.86): I1The search of the

'records of the Bureau of East ASian and Pacific Affairs has been completed

and has resulted in the retrieval of no documents responsive to your request. Accordingly the Information and Privacy Staff now has concluded the processing of your request'f, But they're nice about it - as thro~in8 our letter into

the wastepaper basket did not cost them more than U8$25, they waived all fees.

So the State Department expects New Zealanders to believe that American diplomats and spies here have no manual to refer-to. Hhat do they use? "Time"? "Reader's Digest"? In a word - bullshlt, We haven't given up on this one yet.

Yet another Watchdog 53 story, this one produced quite a £'121,'; inquiries by readers eager to s-ee for themselves. Since .... le broke the story, the cop has decided

to go public and he and his re search essay were the subject of a major "Listener" feature (27,9.86L plus a writeup in Greg Ansley's "Star" column.

So, for the record, it's entitled "Police and protest: the role of the New Zealand Po li ce as controllers of public order during the period 1966-73". It's written by Michael MeyricK, for a History MA at Auckland University and 'NBS published in November 1983. Hayrick is a jse rgeant at Auckland Central.

The "Listener" feature by Geoff Chapple answered one quest:ton posed by Watchdog - M~.yrickwant~dto cover, protest up to the 1981 Tour (one of those Third Test f191;.1rhombs just missed hilll) , but. the Police would not release "cur-rent;" files to him.

Meyrick!.s work cited a lot of police files from the 1966-73 per i.od . WE: . wrote t.o .t.he Commissioner, r equest.Lng several of them. He replied (17.7.86) saying, that with one exception, they have been destroyed as part of the "normal file d es t ruc t.Lon pr.ocedure ".

Tell that to CAFCA's secretary and 799 others. See elsewhere in this issue

for that story , Suf f Lce it to say that the se If same CAFCA secretary has written again to the Commissioner, pointing out that he (and 799 others) has every reason to believe that the Police do not routinely destroy files at all. Anything

but - they auction t hern , leave them in st r ee t s . So we've demanded proof that those requested files haveind~ed been deetroyed. And we won't be satisfied

by an urn of ashe~ hurled at our bicyling secretary by a passing patrol car.

Stay tuned.

Then~'was some celebration_in Zealand at the recent agreement in Uruguay to

begin negotiations on the freeing up of the trade in agricultural goods. Little has been said however about a companion agreement on services.

Freeing of agricultural trade would benefit New Zealand, a net agricultural exporter. It has been fought for by underdeveloped countries which have long experienced

the iniquities of free trade :Ln manufactured goods (crippling their industrial potential) alongside barriers against their main exports: primary goods. IMF.

\~or1d Bank and GA'fT (General Agn:ement on 'I'ari.f f s and Trade) poliicieshave st.ultified their industrial development and forced them to allow unlimited indust~ial imports, while the Lndus t r ia l ised countries have limited thef.r agricultural exports. New Zealand's position is not very different.

"/hether free ag r i cultural trade ever comes about rema-ins to bejseen : there are very strong poli t LcaI and strategic reasons for the industrialised countries

to protect their agricultural production (just look at the EEC, Japan and the USA).

If such an agreement is ever reached. though, it is very likely to b~ as a result of a bargain: the Lndus trLali sed countries "Jill allow freer agricultural trade

if the t h i.rrl worl d wHl allow free tr in the service industries. Even. to

discuss the service industries was hotly opposed by India and other third world countries.

I F'C)rtlm" (Sept ember It"'S';:'' ').

According to the Un:i.tE~d Nations publication 'UN Development _ I' _ ':I u ,

the industrialised countries would be try to ensure that such an agreement

includes "anything not t and not rnanufacturingtl• HUN Development Forum"

lists: accounting, advertising,, building, construe tion and engineering, franchtsing. hotels/motels, insurance, leasing, legal servtces,rnotion pictures,

.. t,lfle.commUl~icat:ions, vro(.i~::ssing and information, t our t sm and transport •..

It says that the Lndust.rtal.t-sed count r Les want to restricJ the ri.&ht ~o r!?gulat.e:

- currency and exchange controls

.-'e ':8l1th6rtsat'i6n for real estate and pr oper t.y purch-ase

.- protection. ofiF!tel1ectual property (Le copyrights, patents. etc.) ·-fhe right ofHrm~j to establish themselves on for soil

- conditibns under which foreigners may enter, leave, reside, be employed business comP6tition

- use of foreign managerial and technical personnel in "service establishments" but of cour-se not control of "immigration!': the industriaHsed countries

don t t warrt to open their doors to Third WorJd peop l.e ) .

Thatvdoesn I t Leave much, An ar tLc.Le in iiJatchdog 53 I!\~hy 'I'rarrsbcrder Data Flows are'l'lot bor' ") makes it clear why the economically weaker countries feel endangered .

. - : 'i

Most importantly a services agreement would aim at the removSlof internation~l restrictions on financial transactions such as investment, loans and insurance. This w6uldimriledla·tely J7€H.l.uce the ab iLLt.y of count ries to conttoltheir'own economies - never mind the effect 'on their local banks; fLnance and:thsurance


Freeing up of t.e.l.ecommunicatztons and dat.a pr oceasf.ngvmeans' the penetration of t.r ansnat.LonaI newsrnedf.a , verti agencies arid telephone companies. But it also makes international fI nancLaI controls Virtually impotent because of

the huge volume of financial transactions that now take place using telecollllTlunications - from credit cards to currency trading. As the National Australia Bank said

in its October summary of the Austr~lian economy: lIThe speed of communications,

especially in financial. . ,weakened .thepower of governments to control

trade" (quote in tht~ Ch r'Lst church "Press", 7.10.86).

Free trade in services, like trade in industrial goods, is in practice a

device to allow the strong to continue to dominate - and tpr'of Lt from - the weak.

It was-not; the Pulp and Paper Workers! Onion that blackmailed Kawerau., In June, Mr Geoff Whitcher, corporate public affairs director of Fletcher Challenge warned that if workers were not "receptive to changall then f!future investment emphasis could go offshore where FCL has had enormous success through its Crown Forest:

Industries proJect in Canada.tI

FeL! s threat was: meet our demands or we I JJ. go overseas,

This strategy has the approval of the government. At the same time as the Kawerau mill gates wer e being dosed, Roger Douglas in London commended New Zealand companies moving part of their operationsoverseBs. Speaking specifically of FeL's move

into Canada, he commented: ItI think that is good, frankly, from a New Zealand

point of view."

FeL is not the only New 7J:mland company investing overscan. Look just at

forestry - two other giants of the New Zealand industry ventures in

Chile, Australia and Hong Kong in just the last four months. Forest Products

is estabHshinga $4.5m corrugated box plant in Hong Kong in a joint vent ur e with Australian giant, Amcor Ltd. Both NZFP and Carter Holt Harvey have made large investments in Auat ral.i.a . In another joint vent.ur e with Amcor , NZFP is building

a $88m medium de!1si ty fibreboard pl ant; near Sydney,; eBB ha&;;':~)"rm:'d the second--

largest pr i vat.e ;for~try company in South Austr\;iha I j since 1984.

The most chilling for New Zealand workers must; be CHB! s $30ini share of a joint venture in Chile. As wen:as a US$25m medium density f(f;teboard mill, eBH is now half owner of Chile's largest industrial conglomerate ,with 228,000 hectares

of forests, and.360.000 tonne; per year kraft" paper prod~ctioD. Chi1ean radiata log exports h~ve been devastating New Zealand radiate log exports to Japan.

CHH bas apparently decided it coul.dn I t beat them, so has joined them,

NZFP has also sent investigatingexecuti ves to Ch:i.le. NI' Il/aIren Hunt, NZFP Managing Director who visited Chile in November last year, told the I'JeU.ington Society

of Accountants (Christchurch "Pr esa' 2.10.86) that NZFP had consf.der ed investing in Chile but had ruled it out Hat. this stage" because of its Lnvest.ment programme in New Zealand and Australia. He spelled out the temptations Chile offers:

"The Chilean Government subsidised the industry to more than 75% on plantings and gave a 10% cash grant on all exports. Labour costs were about 20% of New Zealand's.l!

FeL will bewat.chi ng CHn with envy: it too had been prospect fng t he Chilean forests and labour force e. i AsPCL managing director Hugh Flectcher saldin .June : in Chile "t r ees grow faster, labour is cheaper "mel there is less industrial disruption. It

That says a lot about the commitment; of these companies to democratic values

and union rLght.s . The cheap labour and industrial quiescence have been achieved

in Chile by brutal suppression of unions and po}it activity. Whi1e the Kawerau

dispute was erupting and Mr Douglas was speaking in London, Chilean police were forcibly breaking up demonstrations in Santiago commemonat Lng the day Presidential elections used to be held, and Amnesty International was documenting increasing use of torture and death squads against opponents of the military regime.

Which brings us back to Kawerau. The Douglas strategy encouraging New Zealand

companies to go transnational will certiinly increase their profitability. But that same "t r-ansnat i one Liset.Lon" g ives the ccmpan ies the bargaining power to force down wages and wo conditions here in New Zealand. Tasman employees

will be aware in returning to work that even they accede to every last company

demand, guaranteeing the company the improved ef fi.c l.ency it wants j the company maya'gain decide to invest:lts increased pr of i t s overseas. It is understandable that they are cynical at hihts of more secure jobs Bnd pay fates comparable to those in Canada if they go back on company conditions.

Implicit, in the government's support for FCL is that it is willing to see Tasman close, leaving unused a significant part of New Zealand's forestry resources Meanwhile the domestic newsprint market would be supplied from abroad. That would be efficient for FCL - but not for New Zealanders out of work.

FCL's threat would have been hollow if the government had made it clear that

it was·willing to take over Tasman ifFCL wasn't wilting to continue there.

Jobs would be retained, and our forestry resources and pulp and paper industry

- in large part the product of taxpayer investment - would not be left unused. But of course the government's strategy is that it is willing to see such assets sacrificed.




er's to




-s: J...b~ i6


Wellington rl'lportel'

yesl"iI. Image of the wood inter-

The joint venture with naUonally, MrStoddart

Fletcher Cuallenge yes- C.M.P,C, will give the said. .,

terday outlined plans for New Zealllnd company. a Timber exPorts from Ii $100 million forestry halt stake In 36,000 nee- Chile are now three times Investment in Chile, tares of forestry land In those from this country,

The Fletcher's subSldl· the Concepcion area, although New Zealand's

al')', Tasman Forestry, is Chile's main tor~try reo ou4>ut Is predicted. to to take up haU-ownershlp glen. and in the Blo SIr eventually jump as mUCII

Of a forest and paper mill mill, produelng H,OOt] 3S 300 per cent.

with Chile's leading tores- tennes of newsprint and Tasnt(ln now, produces

try company, Campania d!.rectory paper a year; about a qu'lirter or New

Manufacturers de Papelas Tasman's managing Zealand's tfmberexports.

cartenes, director, Mr. Un Stoddart, as the. country's second

Fletcber Cb.a.llenge ex- said yesterday tne: two largest: forestry cmnpany, plains the move as part of companies alretuly bad after N.Z, Forest Proa strategy to maintain and considerable technological ducts.

develop a place on world co-operation and the Joint It employs 1400 people

I markets tor radlata pine venture would benefit and has access to trees on

until New. Zealand can both further. 115,O()Oha here.

Itself . produce. large Limited, I'sdlala output C.M.P,C. employs 4500

volumes· ot '. tbe Wood In from New Zealand for the and owns 152,OOOhll

I tile late 1990s, next. 10 ye.ars w(lu! planted In radiate.

Tasman Forestry has strict Tasman's ability to . Fletcher Challenge sees

I m.alntalned an oWCI! In serv. e its. eX.iStill8 cus- Chile benef.IUng from the

Chile tor tb.e last three tomers and to build tne joint venture. . .

..... ~ __ ._~~ __ ""' '_~._ "8"''' -110 ..... 101'11~

It would be naive in the extreme to imagine that the US would take NZ's nuclear free policies lying down. As ~ superpower, it's in the business of influencing its satraps. overtly or covertly. One favourite approach has always been to

secure inroads into the t union movement. Indeed l.Jatchdog 53 analysed the

1962 and 1966 State Department "Cu.idelLnes forF' and Operations - New Zealand", They t arget.ted the NZ t.r ad e un i.on movement- HS prime target for the NZ Communist Party, ... Several unions are dominated or infiltrated by communists who take

every advantage of a general rank and file apathy to propose positions against

OS and Free World po l.t tics. , ,H The "Cui deltnes" urged that increased contacts

be made between US and NZ union leaders: lIEvery appropriate effort should be

made to ensure thet :its leaders are favorably disposed towards US policies".

But this policy is not some relic from the 60s. The "New Zea Land Times" ran

a series on the Labor Committee on Pac Lfi.c Affairs (tePA) in 1983, earning itself a raft of libel fJui t s by aggrieved NZ union leaders in the process.

AQ~ii~li~n~'and NZ papers recently broke the story of a little known American organisation called t.he Asian-American Free Labor Institute (AAFLI) opening an office in Suva, Fiji.

The stories emphas i sed that the aim of the Suva off i.ce was to neutralise the "domf no ' effect of NZ t s nuclear free policies amongst Pacific nations and their fledgling unions.· Documents obtained und(~r the US Freedom of Information Act r'ev ea.l.ed that t.he AAFLI' s Suva of fice had spent nearly $lmil.lion in the past

2 'Y'cars.' Btg sums ar en ' t needed in tiny Pacific count.r 109 just $3.000 had gone to a Kiribati union programme. Money had also been spent in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu. The revelations were made just before the 4th Pacific Trade Urri on Forum conference 'in Auckland, FOL President. Jim Knox ,promptly denounced the campaign as "subversionll (this word ts gai.ning vogue - the "Press"

described the US Information ice's 1986/87 budget request as "US campaign

to subvert. NZ N~policjes!!.)

The "Sydney Horrdng Herald" (17.5.86) said: "Another document outlining the achievements of the institute says that in March 1985, at a regional unton conference,

I the Australian and New Zealand repr esent.atives attempted to ga in appr ova'l for

a political r eso.l ut ion endorsing a Pac If Lc nuclear freeze ZOnE:1 (sic) and supporting New 'Zealand in its di sput.ewLt.h t.he US, However only one South Pac if Lc delegate spoke up Ln favour of their approach and the conf'erence rejected it .. THIS WAS


\vesley St.ewart, Public Affairs Counsellor at the US Embas sv in Canberra, wrote

to the "Donii.rrion" (19,6.86): "The AAFLI .•.. has never att;icked New Zealand's anti-nuclear stance. It is conc~rned to resist the politicisation of the trade union movement in ways which would tend to dtstract unions from their basic

objec tf.ves of Improvt ng the lot of men-and women ... II (The "Domd.n Lon" replied: "The Editor of the! Sydney Morning Herald f is aatLsfi.ed with the article

as published and stands by it", .

So what is the AAF~I, and where

let ter claimed that. is r un

does i.ts money come from? Stewart's "Dominion"

y ~)f the US Administration". In fact American Federation of Labor/Congress of Industrial Department. But this is purely (4.11.85) it only r eceaved $O.5m from

$Li .Lm from the Agency for International Development for Democracy (NED) gave tt $3.3m. Both of

it is one of four di~i~ions of the Organi.sations (AFL/CIO) na t L ·~according to tbe AFL/CIO in 1985. (AID) and the National

t.he se afe offLc US agencies, the latter being a Reagan Administration creation. The AFL/CIO :t t se lf r ece i.ved $43m in 1985 to fight communism- 90% from US government sources (AID, NED and the US Information Agency). "Busf.neas Week" said

Ii ••• these funds are often used for ant.Le-commun Lst; projects that tend to merge wUh the Administration's foreign policy themes." Big Labour in the US plays

its part 8S 8n extension of US fo~eign policy.

Through affiliates, the AFL/GrO is active in 83 countries. lIBusiness Week" provides the AFL/CrO's own description of theAAFLI. 1l0perates in 31 countries in Asia

and the Middle East. Sensitive country - the Philippines". And what precisely

does it do in Asia? I1TheNation" (15.2.86) ran an article entitled "Workers

or Dictators, VIhose Side Are You On, AAFLI?" , detailing its activities in the Philippines and South Korea. Its role under Marcos was to bolster the Trade

Union Congress of the Philippines (created by the government) and fighting the Kilusang Mayo Uno (May·FirstJ1ovement), a genuine workers' organisation. It

spent over $2m in the PhiLi.pp Lnes Ln 1984. "An April 15, 1985 internal memo

from the AFL/CIO to the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) lists the Philippines among the countries that might be 'endangered or embarrassed' if specific budgets were announced (the endowment records were exempt from the provions of the Freedom of Information Act until 1985)".

In South Korea, it works with the government-sanctioned Federation of Kroean

Trade Unions. ItI think the movement here should just stick to the straight and narrow economi cs issues"; anAAFLI country repr Ive said in Seoul in June 1985. II As .we've seen in El, Salvador, it is possible for independent unions to develop in. an raur hor Ian setting". . The AAFLI itself has been the target of Korean workers.' protests. In January 1981 its executive director t Morris Paladino, refusedtoa.ttend a meeting todisCllSS a dispute with sacked garment workers.

The workers occupied its Seoul ofHce. holding its South Korean country i v e , They wf.~rearrested and beaten , Paladino "attributed the Violence inflicted on the workers to 'different ethnic standards'" 'There's just certain things

that the Koreans do', he explained."

I!')ut AAFLI's narrow definition of a 'genuine trade unionist' is not universally accepted by South Korean workers. In 1983 country director George Curtin described the union leadership at Daewoo ~1otor Company (~Th joint venture with General Motors) as 'the kind of guys we like to work with'. According toun"ion members interviewed last spring, these 'guy s I receLved lavish sa l ari es , travelled frequently in hel:i. .. copters ~ had close contact wi th t.heKor ean Central Intelligence Agency and never brought a col1ective bargaining agreement to a vote".

"In botl~ the Philippines and South Korea there is strong evidence that under

the cover of building free trade unions, the institute supports only those unions and labor organisations that do not challenge the status quo. In this way it

serves the interests of US (oreign policy - and its guiding lights, the m~ltinational corporations ... ~ By limiting its aid to unions friendly to American interests

and maintaining a silence about the serious deterioration of labor rights in

these countries, AAFLI is contributing to the repression and helping to speed

the process of capital flight from the United States to the Third World .•.. Ironically the Asian-American Free Labor Institute may be damaging the interests

of both Asian and American workerslf•

This is part of a worldwide pattern. A union coalition in El Salvador complains that it was undermined by the AFt/eIO because it.criticised the pro-Reagan Duarte government. AFL/CIO officials, through- a private group, sponsor US tours by Nicaraguan contra leaders. And so it goes on. A hook could be written about

the US union movement as a front for multinationals" the US .government and the CIA.

Fortunately one has been. Were You, Brother? An Account of Trade Union

Impera" by Don Thomson and Rodney Larson, published by the British d eve Lopmen t

action group, "War onWantf!, It Wi'.IS .i.ll "Cover-t Action Information

Bu Ll.eti.n" (No 2, October 1978). "Covert Action" i.s an American magaztne spec ia.Lt in intelligence matters. (CAFCA has a complete set),

The review states: !'It (the book) traces the development of the AFL/CIO's international labor programs, some 95% of which are US government funded. bolstered

by a financial input from nearly 100 US multinationals (which are listed). Where has the lion's share of the money come from? You guessed it - the CIA .... Through wellknown CIA personalities like-Jay Lovestone, Ir~ing Borwn, the late Serafino Romualdi, William Doherty Jr, Morris Paladino. Andrew McLellan and the re~ently retired Agency veteran, Cord Meyer ,the authors nail down case after case

of the CIA I S campaign of subversion against the .international trade union movement, both in Europe and the Third World. This campaign is chanelled through the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLO). the African-American Labor Centre (AAFLI) each set up and administered by the AFL/CIO's international affairs department,

as well as the 16 International Trade Secretariats (ITS), the Inter-American

Regional Organisation of \!.}orkers (ORIT), the African Regional Organisation (ARO)

- all of which are the piplines for AIFLD, AALC, and AAFLI programs ... "

The book quotes AFL/CIO international

and longtime CIA functionary, Irving Brown, covert action be acceptable in peacetime to war?'"

affairs wheeler-dealer, former Communist speaking in 1977; fWhy shou l.dn I t

try and prevent the possibility of

Another booklet r-ev i.ei .. .ed in the same issue of "Cov ert Action" quo t es Al Leowenthal,

chief assistant for international rs for the American Federation of Teachers

as saying: "v,ihat's wrong with the CIA? I've been working with them for years".

The who l.e ideological underpinning for this US unLon is provided by longtime AFL/CIO boss George Meany, speaking to the US Congress in 1963.

"You can't dictate to a country from any at all unless you control the

means of production. Unless you control the means of production, you can't dictate. Whether you control them by ideological methods or control them by brute force,

you must control themn,

Nor is this covert US action ned to union s , Recent NZ reports have detailed

a scheme to fund !'appropriate political parties" in the Pacific. Once again

the money is to come from the National Endowment for Democracy. (Incidentally the NED has 4 "coreH grantees the AFL/CIO's Free Trade Union Institute, the Chamber of Commerce's Center for International Private Enterprise, the National Democratic Institue for International Affairs - a Democratic Party affiliate

-- and the National Republ i can Institute for International Affairs - a Repub1ican Party affiliate). It is the latter group which has proposed a US$80,000 programme

to be controlled by the fic Democrat Union, of which the NZ National Party

is a founding member.

The ubiquitous Professor Henry Albinski has revived his plan for staff exchanges between Victoria and Pennsylvania State lliliversities (he and ex-Admiral Lloyd Vasey were behind the abor~ive ANZUS Thinktank scheme of 1984), And the US Information Service is stepping up its propaganda role in HZ. Its 1986/87 budget

request is all very "Compl.ementLng t.h ts strategy \4fJS the 1986 opening

of a branch post in Chri I an important political Bnd intellectual centre,

where the US Government s Antactic fort, Operation Deep Freeze, is

based. Anti-American activities in New Zealand often focus on the presence of Deep F'reezeH•

Ther e is even a, de Lic Lous irony in all of t.h i.s e \~hile NZ was .be rng subverted

by French intelligence covert operatives in 19f35 , the Yanks were doing the same

to the French, The !rSydfJ(~yNorning Herald" (17.5.86): "Late .Last; year rthe NED caused a storm in France when a French newspaper revealed that it had secretly funded an anti-communist union and a small ultra-right wing student organisation to the tune of US$1.3rn. The French connection was through the (AFt/ClOts) Free Trade UniGn Institute. The director of AFL/CIOlnternational Affairs which covers AAFLI and the Institute, 1.8 Mr Irving Brown, who was described as a longtime

CIA employee in the Philip Agee book, 'Inside the Company'!1.

So this is the pedigree of the people who are righting for worker's rights in

the South Pacific. They could probably collect subs off a conple of French-speaking bona fide members of the spies' union. After all they!ll be on a Pacific atoll for·'] Jears. and their wages and conditions will have to be looked after. What

more appropriate body to handle the·job.

One final point. II/elve changed our name. Why not come clean and change yours ~ to AFL/CIA.

13 a party Australian and Zealander personnel

and their backers drove up Coromandel in three mini buses. 1bey were on

a tour organised by er Atkinson of the newly floated Heritage Mining Co. to

take a look at SHme of his prospecting sites on the Peninsula. Included in the party were a number of accountants, stockbrokers and their spouses who were

recovering the cocktail party at the t Kingsgate. The launching of

the [1(;"'" company w:Lth its $3 miLli.on of investment bad been well celebrated

on Friday night Dorth buses passed a trail of lamp

posts and road a 81 message-, "Green Spot, No Mining".

NotsD obvious was the frenzy of phone and the lone vehicle which was trailing

them up the Thames Coast, The mini buses ,)1' ed in Cor omande I and started up

the Kennedy s Bay road at t he nort h rend of t own where Nr Atkinson has his "Tokat ea" prospecting licence. They passed the gathering opposition who were yet t6 be given a v~hicle description. However suspicions were aroused and several cars

followed them up hill, eventually one car overtook them and stopped in the

middle of the the blockade

For two hours up to ninety people held the nn.mng party on the Kennedy s Bay road. The Coromandeltownship residents plus a small contingent from Colville were

split into two. One blocked the mini buses and allowed them to roll at

a pace own the 1 other forty people stood at the bottom of

hold up t.h e banner across the road which read "Go wreck your own

HerLt.age'", 'the 25 peopl e in the rn:ini buses then had to contend with the Coromandel population who. took the opportunity to explain why mining is so vigorously opposed

in the area. Mr Atkinson was asked if he would attend a public meeting in CoroffiBorlel

but he refused. ver e many older people present who expressed their opinions

to the party clearly if little more itely than some of the younger. Noone

was threatened with violence and relations s calm barring one m~mber of the mlnlng contingent who his way through the blockade and headed for

police station,

Th6 local policeman arrived in due course and the road was cleared and

the subdued picnic party escorted out of town by Coromandel residents.

On Sunday lllt:h 10ea] approached the Thames motel where

the party was stay and their mining opposition to the people who

boarded two the mini the Auckland road. The other mini bus

had gone up to the Atkinson iomu where 25 locals gathered and blockaded

the bus until the miners returned. Once the mining people were forced

to listen to the feelings of the people on whom their mines will have most impact. Once again the police were called 'but no ar r est.s wer e made.

The weekend was a heartening exper+ence local. people because for once they

had the opportunity to spell oUt to the people who make money ou~ of gold mining

what they are really doing to and drill rigoberators cQnnot

be held as responsible BS company di s from other countries Who are here

to rip us off. Mr Atkinson has aver 810ssy prospectus with plans to open cast at some of his prospects. He claims not to know that there is a ban on large

scale cast mining on the Peninsu He was surprised to learn that the Mining

and Planning Survey had found cilat 80% of the Coromandel opposes mining. Some .

of the Perth inv~stors told us our ~overnmentl8 cooonercial attaches in Perth

nre encouraging them to ~here. Let's hope they will think twice

now that they've had a tasu:,of to come on the Cor-amanda1,

The ball

real1y in

and la".' reform. for gold is und

court of the Labour Covernaenr who promised us protection somewhere over the rainbow and the lust

, so people will go on guarding their hills.

Catherine Th~lahunty Peninsula watchdog

~~!ll.()lt111'n~2.J.lJJ.E! " 9!Blr;'fCHURGH.! H~ OF Tim BIG Jl!QPmS

Murray Horton

I I ve wr i t t en Lnnumerab Le Hatchdog articles over the years and have been perfectly happy to have never been the subject of one. Natural modesty forbade such a notion - my 19508 childhood inculcated the idea that the greatest at.tribute of

a New. Zealander was modesty and the worst was to be a sk Lt e , So naturally, we all skited about how modest we were),

So here r was, in August, swarming around Australia by train. First class, of course (but: that's another story). On the Friday in question my only thought was of a champagne cruise. around Lake Burley Griffin (the ASIO HQ is pointed

out as one of Cenber ra vs landmarks), and a congenial drive to Sydney. The reverie was shattered upon arrival at my Sydney hostess' house , To put it mUdly, she

was frazzled. Her phone had been ringing regularly sf.nee 7am that morning,with an NZ reporter trying to get hold of me. (To add insult to injury, it was her birthday). But what was it all about? I got a garbled account of police. files, shock horror, etc .. etc. I originally thought it-was something to do with the Watchdog 53 article on the research essay written by a policeman. Had he taken umbrag~? Had he taken legal recourse? Was pool old Bill rotting in gaol? At least if I was ar r e sted at the airport, I could save the taxi f are into town.

All these questions were answered when the per s t reporter finally got hold

of me the next morning (7am on a Saturday is not the best time to conduct a coherent t r an a-Taaman interview, particularly when I I d been celebrating the abovementioned bitthday until the wee hours in Chinatown. For some obscure reason, journalists always ask your age. That particular morning I could have truthfully answered 110).

When I eventually found out what it was all about, my reaction was one of hf.Lari ty. What a quintessentially New Zealand story! The police had auctioned one surplus

filing cabinet - plus the 800 es it contained. lbe files were of people whose

surnames cover-ed the range from H. to M inclusive. They cover-ed Christchurch

from 1967-75 inclusive. I was amongst them, along with Machine Gun Jorgenson

and a most unsavoury crew of criminals, bookies. dop dealers. etc. I'dalways wanted to know what the cops had on me, but it turned out to be stupefyingly banal .. Largely it established that from 1970 to 1975 I rode a pushbike around Christchurch. To save police time, and taxpayer money. I freely confess that

I still do,

For readers who did not see the "NeVI Zealand Sunday 'l'Lmes" f ront page story of

24 August, t.he details are as f oLl.ows , The Minister of Police, Mrs Hercus,was at pains to po i.nt; out that these were not surveillance files, but "noting" files, ie random pol ice obser vat ion of se t.ed peop Le by police, most commonly from patrol cars. Surveillance involves consci.od.sly following someone. ThankGod

for that. I'd hate the police to have detailed their crack squad to have followed me round to see if my tail light was working.

My' fiLe was reproduced with the article, There were 19 "not Lngs" of me, from 31.8.70 to 15.7.75(t6~re is no suggestion that the pr~ctice ceased in 1975. The police then repiaced Lndex cards with computers). The time of day or night is recotded, along with anyone accompanying me and which cops spotted me (did

they get points?) My address and job were recorded. There was some nice subjective language. On 22.10,70 at L05am I was' "noted" in Cent.aurus Road "with crowd

of similar types'!, There was only one specifically political entry. On 2.8.73 at 0930, I 'was' "noted" Hl,vith Keith DUFFIELD at airport w ith Trevor Richards to meet anti-apa~theid visitorfl, (Trevor and I, plus two others, were actually

"mi.nder s" for Chi a Zimbabwean La Lead er . The late Keith

Duffield was the driver. .) Ibe significance

of this entry is that DUFFIELD r n , that there was a similar

"noting" file on him, wher-eas Tr evor Richards, the HART leader then resident

in Christchurch, had nD such file. (I find that hard to believe, perhaps they had plenty of other files on Trevor already), My membership of PYM (Progressive

Youth Movement) was There's only one thing I'm tempted to sue them

for. On 6.5.75 at 2150 in NE1W t: Str-eet; T was "spoken to but not very

communicative" . The bastards cc. I ve never been in my 1:Lfe t

There was only one other political activist on file - the ubiquitous Dun Mihaka. The other 798 Hs to Ms in Christchurch were apparently being monitored for the since-repealed consorting laws, and a lot of such flnotingsH took place in pubs. One file had a single entry: IIhlarners Hotel: :+.10.71: 4pm: alone,has beard, been shear ing ", The language :is co l curf.ul -. somebody has a "big fat girlfriend". "Hippies and d rugg i.e.s" lived at another addre ss , One f e l.Low was seen walking

in Her ef ortl Street "with Maori woman (pregnant) and child". There were also

"greasy haired Fijians, queers, homo~sexuals, rough females and stupid Australi.ans", Christchurch must have been a cosmopolitan city of desperate characters in those days; ;

The HNZ Sunday 'I'Imea" submitted a List of quest-Lone to Mrs Her cus eg is this practice still continuing? Initially she or der ed the Commissioner of Police

to investigate the whole matt er. By t.he next week I s issue (31.8.86) she had sorted out the official line. Such "noting!! files are still kept throughout

New Zealand and are kept on people with no criminal record. Section J4&of the Pol ice instructions permits them to ma:i .. rrtaLn 8 categories of such files''''" "per sons of interest.", "veh LcLes of eat ", "Lnt e l Hg enc e files of persons and their associates reasonably suspected of being involved in unlawful pursuits ands other related details", are amongst them. The guideline for monitoring political groups or individuals is "reasonable grounds" for stlspecting that they have been or

are likely to become involved in unlEiwfulacts. The Po lice manual, and Lange, stated that pol i t t cal groups committed to change do not, per se , constitute a target for police Lnt.e Ll.Lg enr;e .

Hercus stressed that there was nothing illegal about the files. f'In particular, the consorting laws of the time were in force. This criminal law, which has

since been repealed, made it an offence to .consort with convicted persons or suspected thieves. It is inevitable that "no tIng" files in question contain information and warnings which related to the laws of consorting. This law was

r epea l ed in 1981. Secondly, the police are not interested, then or now, in a person I s politics. ThE~ police are only interested when someone' s po li t Lca'l persuasion i.s expressed through unLawf u l activity. Such activity has extended from spraying people's property with graffiti to firebombing the US consultate

(as happened in Christchurch the pe ri.od covered by the ,"noting" files)

and the gunpoint ki.dnappy~ng of the police officer in charge of Wellington by poli~ical extremists. The polic~ canhot put aside politically motivated offending just'because some person feels their cause justified the means". (I'm not sure

if the Minister is implying there that I had sQmething to do ~ith the above activies. But my criminal record - another file - reveals that I've never been charged

with or convicted of any such acts).

Mrs Harcus' only regret was that the 800 leshed been inadvertently made public, "The po Lice accept fun responsib.LHty for their carelessness. . This iiegligence

is deeply r egr et t ed by the Christchurch administration and; ipteps have been taken to ensure t~is does not happen . And that's it, No apology to the greasy haired Fijians or t.he ir big fat g Lr Lf r'Lend s , Certainly nothing for an uncommuni-

cative cydist and his crowd s im l Lar types. .

Frankly, to me, this thing is no big deal. As a pol activist since 1969, ltd be surprised if I wasn't "latched. 11m not a par.anoi.d I don't claim that there are men hiding in my dustbin or tapping my phone (as I inberited the number of a Chinese-owned nursery. they're probably still trying to crack the

cod as) . This thing Is. of course. Hot my proper police file. That would be a rather more substantial document, . And then there! s the SIS file and those held by overseas po li.ce and intelligence agencies (l once had the pleasure of making the ~cq~aintance of NSW Police Special Branch - being grabbed by the collar at a. Sydney .d emo by a gentleman who bellowed, tlHhat t s your name? Hurray who?")

All jokes aside, this auctioned activists' archive bears serious examination. 800 files~ and ~h~t'8 only one section of the alphabet. You're. realistically lookingat over 3000 names. In a city of less than 300,000 10-15 years ago. Add this to the revelaUol1s in· Watchdog 53 of undercover cops, informants and a paramilitary approach to protest and welre starting to get under the skin

of the late 60s and early 70s. I very much doubt that anything has changed today, indeed with computerisation, more money. more surveillance technology and more manpower, the trappings of a two bit police state have increased. not diminished.

But the actual files are laughable. What would the Pope's one say? llSeen in Vatican, drinking wine. Suspected Mick. Hangs around with Tties'l. But at least it's answered one question for me. In those days I was always getting stopped

by cops who wanted to check that I hadn't stolen the bike, Now it emerges. that they were really just verifying their identification of me so that they could

get a stamp on their hand. However I've made it easier for them and saved all

the wear and tear on police cars. For 10 years I've moved furniture for a living, mainly of public servants on transfer. I! ve been in more policemen's houses

than most of them have had hot: ddrmer s . \IIhat will the HIe say now? !!Seen in Cashmere lounge of head of undercover squad. Drinking coffee with detective, watching World Cup and d i Spri.ngbok t.our " (8 true story).

As far as I personally am c.oncerned, it 1 adds up to a great b:i.g "noting",

I couldn't resist that. Now, if you'll excuse me, my big fat girlfriend and

I have an ,appointment to consort with pregnant Maoris, greasy haired Fijians, rough females. queers, stupid Australians and other similar types. Plus a funny bloke with a trenchcoat and sunglasses who seems to be everywhere 1 go these days. Pooriguy> I must try to be more with him.

In a series on the af ts of ting the oil industry on 24 August

and 31 August, llNZ Sunday Times" Business Edit.or, John Md1anamy emphasised the effects of competIt Lon between the oil compan Lea. "Wit.h deregulation of the

industry looming. oil will be competing on the basis of price and 10c~tionj

and pass! bly , be concluded, On other hand he quoted the fears of

the Motol:' Trade Aasoc Lat.Lon ; 11", .t:he oil com pan could engage in price wars, forcing independent oper at.or-s to the wall ", But who is really regulating the oil industry? Is it only the Government or are the oil companies its willing

partners who will late the industry to t hei.r own ends if the Government steps


I')e don! t share the Cover nment '13 Iaiththat five (possibly more) compan Les cornpet:ing in a deregulated environment will pr event monopolistic abuses.

New Zealand's oil industry is run by four transnational oil companies: Mobil, Shell, BP and Caltex (which is jointly owned by Chevron (Socal) and Texaco),

These are five of the "Seven St sters" that dominate the Lnternat t.ona I oiliindustry. Europa is a subsidiary of BP, The same , along w i.t h Todds I the former

own~rs of Europa, also have a influence ori the exploitation of our gas


The compani~s that dominate the international oil industry have a record of cart~ls and price collaboration in other markets. For example, John t1 Blair in his book

"The Control of Oil n ( theon , 1(76) document-ed the Achnacar ry Agreement

Ln Europe, set up '''orId l4ax II, formed an Lnt.e rnationa.l cartel of the

major oiI companies. 'They made rs severeLy restricting how they would

compete for shares of market. Although this agr eemerrt apparently terminated shortly before the war, Blair presented evidence that the cosy arrangements have continued. Anti,-,mof!QPolylegislation has no t been suffic Lent to prevent oil company connivance: t companies have shown themselves willing and politically

able to stretch and break standing in their way.

In New Zealandj we have gdvernment-legislated price fixing. This was initially

set up to protect Europa its predeces80t the Associated M~torists Petrol

Company as indepcmdent New Zealand owned compet.i.t o r s to the 1. giants. Europa

has heen a branch of BP or almost a decade now, yet the companies still

appear happy with tbe arrangem~Dt. Hhy? A shr.ewd guess is because they would be collaborating on 2ctroleyen if the Government didn't force them to.

The oil tr ansnat t.ona can happily make t he ir profits outside New Zealand at

the crude oil stage. "Competit::i.'On" in this country will (perhaps after an initial

jostling foe po sit ion ) be 1 ted to advert.tsang , veaway s , serv i.ce , and pr Lce+

cut t t ng on secondary i.t ems .- :I oil, and the dozens of other products

service stations now sell.

We have five of the Seven test of the "free market."

- make their with

with the other five tb

f on the other hand

here: it will be an interesting other two- Exxon and Gulf

~s that they have an agreement just across the Tasman.

tliH US market,

We share the Motor Association'

stations: the international indicates garages will be only a temporary phenomenom. station ly independent even now with its

company control of petrol tion between company-owned

is the "Hum and Dadt! petrol company-owned pumps, tanks and credit?

That leaves a question mark over the whole theory that deregulation-is--good-for--you. We're not talking about the corner vega shop: the oil industry has for years

been one of the most transnational~dominated, transnational-regulated markets.

A principal reason for the 19708 "oil crisis" vias that oil-'producing nations

were trying to wrestle control from the transnationals.

Taking this logic a step further: the steps taken by the National administration to reduce our dependenc~ OIl oil Imports should be eritised less for their cost

and more for failing their purpose. Both Hotonui (totally reliant on Mobil for its catalyst) and the expanded Marsden Point (oil company owned) make New Zealand less reliant on transport fuel imports - but just as reliant on the oil companies. Both feed their petrol into the existing oil company dominated wholesale system. The sensible alternative would have been to sink the capital invested in Motonui instead into converting more cars to eNG and LPG. We could be using Haul gas directly instead of wasting kilojoules and capital processing it at Hotonui.

Many New Zealanders would be happy to pay a premium for secure fuel supplies. We don't believe total dependence on oil companies buys us that security. It merely allows them freedom to regulate the market themselves.

Deregulation within New Zealand won I t deregulate the transnationals world-wide. The only way to ensure a competitive deal for the New Zealand motorist is to carry out David Lange's, now conveniently. forgottEm, November 1984 threat. Set

up an independent oil and gas distributor. However it would have to be governmentowned - if we don't want to go through the Europa experience again. It could

buy crude oil from independent sources - even use the Iranian oil we swap for

meat! It could regain control of the distribution of gas which is also slipping from New Zealand hands. It would provide real competition to the transnationals.

Wh, spend $23 million aMblbhin'40.000 triUa"phannadl:$ w'- that same Gmount

wiU bu, tm.e morep .. t4 j« figh~!' '

The Cover nmen t !4Hh Coma over a I s ti c price for the

huge power needs aluminium smelter. Arbitration procedures have

apparently been Bet in train by It is apparent though that the Government

is threatening to slate a new power contract if Comalco won't agree.

In September, Comalco and its partner Sumitomo Aluminium, filed proceedings aga~nst the Government in the Hi Court in II/ellington to "protect their ri.ght s" under

the existing supply agreements for the smelter. What makes the pro-

ceedings particularly is Comalco and Sumitomo IIIant a court declaration

that Government legislation to override the agreements would be a breach of contract.

~t?_g mjJ)ion~ st..§!.!:i,£.

The power bill the argument is 15 not small currency. Comaleo say they

use 483!1w of power - that r s about half the ty produced in the South

Island. Coma.1co has also refused to allow t he prices t hey pay to be made public, but media estimates put it at a unit for the older two-thirds of the smelter and 3.S¢ a unit for the new patlines. At that rate, their total annual power bill is about $92 million.

It seems likely that the Government wants the

a1.1 its power. The later 3.5~ ce was

know if it c6vers costs), into account

costs of power stations. the cost of

company to pay the same price for ed more realistically (we don't not only the day-to-day running building new stations.

's annual power charge would

Though Come leo has s

Government's insistence

Consum~r Institute in 1 when it

the rest of the country wauld

was that Camaleo's power was

it gets power below cost, the ions shows it disagrees. So too did the conc1uded that Hif Comalco paid a higher price,

little less,H At that time, their best estimatE! less than hal of the lowest bulk tariff rate.

It is certain that ComBleo will put the Muldoon Government, they and the US asking them to approach against New Zealand. They wrote to in the same vein.

ght. n the 1977 renegotiations with

associated companies in Japan, England

r respective Governments to take action Halcolm Fraser, then Prime Minister of Australia,

The New Zealand Sunday (28 ember) that Comalco recently conducted

a !1survey" of attitudes towards Comalco of top Government officials. The Minister of Energy, Bob T'i z ar d , "prominent Becdrive prJ .. vat.e Les ", and a "key Treasury off LcLa.l" cooperated by answering questions :incJud:Lng "how many people worked

at Tiwai, what was the company's profitability, and what did the company export.11 Only one public servant is repor t ed to have possessed the Ln t eg rLt y to refuse

to cooper at.e Hi th this dubf.cus device: s commer'cLa I manager , David Cook,

saying that taking part would be "quLt;e inappropriate". The survey was carried out by the publie r e Latt cns finn CommunLcor Corisu Lt ant.s which is run by Labour Party member and t nf l.uenc.e--aeeker , Simon \AJalkeI'. Ivall<er was reported in December

last year to be the agent EoI' hel offered to replace

tbe Air Force's Sioux hel He·is cl best of his political


NRB had earlier out a nationwide survey on ' s behalf to determine New Zealander's attitudes company. It apparently showed that people didn't: think HaluminiumH when they thought of Comalco: they thought Hpower prices", Modesty ,forbids us claiming that CAFCA has been more influential that Comalco

on this issue.

As a result of the MRS survey, Comalco has paid for a series of nationwide fullpage newspaper adver t isement.s insisting "Coma Leo l,~~ Alumin.ium". The ads offer readers a bookLet about the Bluff smelter - a booklet which glossily exp La i.ns everything except power prices.

Incidenta~ly. the NZ Times also reports that "another Wellington public relations firm,Consultus, is both the Comalco account and the account for the about-to-be formed Electricity Corporation."

With Comalco looking towards arbitration in the dispute, it seems more than coincidental that a my st erLous outfit called the "Institute for Transnational Arbitration, of the South-lVestern Legal Foundation in Texas", has

asked LabollT MP for Hamilton; Bill Di.110n to act as leader of the institute's programme in the Pacific (Christchurch "Press!!, 22.9.86). Mr Dillon said that "the programme actively promoted the resolution of transnational and commercial disputes by arbitration and the further acceptance of international arbitration treaties. If He was urging the Attorney-General to have New Zealand hold a regional conference for Australasia and the South Pacific to discuss the topic.

Commerce Act a factor?

One of the Government's considerations in renegotiating is that other companies with bulk supply arrangements will find Comalco's price inequiable. If they wished, they could use the Commerce Act against the Government: the Act applies

to the Crown, and will apply to the tricity Corporation when it is established.

By starting up a pr-i vat al.y-ovned e t ricfty-eupp l y company, which the Act gives

them the right to do, they could that the price gIven to Comalco constituted

~nfair competition in that it was below cost.

In a letter to the editor published in the " ener " (13.10.86) Richard Arnold

said that after hearing B lecture by ex-CIA operative Raph McGeehee that he believed that false information was being spread by the US Government to achieve political ends. M:r Arnold quoted a report on Eyewitness News concerning a supposed Libyan

t error Lst off e VI 8'1' vo "1';)"''''' 1'),·" Ame r i ca n The S'C)·,~C·"", of the repor t ca fOP

~,J. ." ... ",., ,'"~l ... ~''-'' ",,~--o(..i-..t.-, , .. J!t... •.. 1'1;;',."., " , ." "tor' tn,' t~,Ji. ·t",,,,) -,t, .1 >;;:." ..... '. ,I.., ,M'

from "administration sour c es ". He said that the whole news item was unsubst.antLat ed , possibly p~opaganda and looked to have been used as a justification by thaUS Government for a further attack agaf.nat Libya. BHo\\! far is cHI' news service serving the pOlitical ends of the US by showing such news items!! he asked.

John Scully. Head of TVNZ Current Aff a'ir s r e p lLed , "The use of I admi.rriat.r at.Lon sources' generally means that a government off has given reporters a 000- attributal briefing. The reporters assigned to such briefings are amongst the

most experienced and analytical and are trusted fpr their use and rejection of information from such br Lef Lngs ;" He continued ., IITVNZ editors assess such reports themselves, to ensure objectivity. If the reports meet our stringent criteria,

they are used, if not, they_ do not appear on our screens."

John Scully must have been somewhat disconcerted a short while ~~ter to discover "The Washington Post?! report taken from White House memos which showed that the Repgan Administration did indeed carry out a campaign of disinformalion designed to try and oust Cadaf f i.s government and that furthermore the CIA got the job of implementing it.

It is to be hoped that John Scully has learnt that the information put out by

administrative sources just can't be taken at e value.


A small town Californian newspaper calLed the "Davis pr i se" published Ln August an €)(jj torialpntit112d NZ I s,n,u9~,ee.r phobia. Saying that "an almost hysterical fear of r{~clE!ar,w:t'ap:6n$, i'$;tia,t the root of NZ's self-defence approach, the editorial said that" "rhe US re;Votation of its (ANZUS) pledge to defend NZ

is a necessary antido~~ to the,.' dangerous. spread of ant t,7rtU clear sentiment among America's allies. Accnsing David Lange's Labour Party 'Government of scrapping

its commi.t.trnent to ¢ol1ective security through ANZUS t.he editorial says "instead of relying on the defence provided by an American nuclear umbrella, NZ chose to trust its security to the pious dec.La rat.Lon of a nuc l.ear--f r ee zone. This is headin'''sand response to the dangers of the nuclear world has emot Lona.l.. appeal among voters from the South. Pacific to Western Europe to San FrancisCo. Particularly susceptible to the anti,,:-nuclear allergy .i.s Aust-ra lta , fI The edd t o r winds up

by saying that !tHew Zeal and f s compl:iq;ncc: ~ith the Kremlin's call for a nuclearfree-zone can hardly gl1Cltantel;~ the Vingf;·'go,/f3rnment of benign Soviet Lnt entLons

in the region. New '0caland I s departure' frOIl! the a lLi.arrce comes as the

Union is seeking to:expand ~ts.inf1uence in) South Pacific through a steady

buildup of its fleet'.>and,aggtessive d i.pIemat overtures. H -

:.-' ,... . . i

Robert Leonard - formerly of wrote a letter to the edi.tor papers own effort or whether

who received a copy of this editorial their editorial and asked whether it W;?,S their tIe help in the form of suggested material

to be conveyed to r eader s , The ed i.t.or repli.ecithat the paper had reced ved the editorial from Copely News Service, a syndicated service based in San Diego that sells editorials to small newspapers.

And the Cope lys News Service? Well two award winning investigative iournalists

in "Penthouse." funninly enough. did an expose and came up with some incredible f'act s about Copelys.

Copelys became an extremely valuable arm of the CIA in 1953 and then later also of the FBI in 1962. The foundation of the worldng relationship was set up by Copely and President Eisenhower at a series of meet.ings. Since the 50's Copelys has willingly harboured CIA operatives on the payroll. At one time 23 Copely employees worked simultaneously for the CIA.

In 1962 the FBI began to make full use of them. Copelys regularly turned over photography J reports notes and other data on demonstrators and anyone the FBI felt was a dissident. Reporters were under instructions to listen for names when out on an assignment and to determine t.he strength of protest movements.

The FBI used to release raw and unverified data through Copelys about individuals of whom it. didn't approve. They also placed editorials in the Copely press about radical left wing groups of the 19608 and 70s such a~ the Black Panthers. Photographers were pressured to make "blowupsH of demonstrators so that the faces could be identified more clearly and then these were sent to the FBI in Washington or even used by the Los Angeles Police Department (that was a tactic uaed by our own police during the Springbok Tour when the police attempted to seize film from TV journalists and photographers.

One journalist when he discovered the ulterior motive of Copelys quit rather than cooperate.

Philip Agee is without doubt the best known former CIA agent in the world. And he has accepted CAFCA's invitation to make a speaking tour of New Zealand.

He will tour New Zealand and Australia In March/April, 1987.

Agee spent 12 years in the CIA, primarily working in Central and South America. He left, and documented his career in the explosive book "Inside the Company - CIA diary". Since then he has coauthored "Dirty Work in Europe" (the CIA in Europe), "White Paper: Whltewashl" (the U.S. in EI Salvador), plus regular articles for Covert Action Information Bulletin (a U.S. magazine analyslnq the CIA).

Agee Is currently writing his autobiography, which will be published shortly before his speaking tour.

He has been the subject of smears, lies, and disinformation. It is important to remember that he has never been charged with any crime; he has never "defected" to the KGB; he continues to live in the West. In the eyes of the CIA,his greatest crime was and is, to tell the public how their money is spent in the name of "intelligence" and "security".

Agee will speak on the Reagan Doctrine as applied to Central America, plus other hot spots like Angola and Afghanistan. He will speak on CIA destabllisatlon and subversion from a unique perspective • It used to be his Job. His life story Is a tasclnatlnq subject In Itself. (Note: he Is not an expert on the CIA In Australia or New Zealand.)

His speaking tour will cost several thousand dollars. CAFCA has secured Australian co-sponsors on a fifty-fifty basis. We are asking all progressive New Zealanders to contribute towards the cost of bringing Agee to New Zealand, and meeting his costs inside the country. The major component Is an air fare from Europe, so we need the bulk of the money in advance.

The greatest danger to nuclear-free Aotearoa Is U.S. subversion. Hear the

Inside story of the CIA, from a man the U.S. government has harrassed for over a decade. This Is a unIque opportunity.

--- ... _----_ .... _-----_._._---_.-.-----_._. __ .. _._.- .... _--------------

Philip Agee's New Zealand SpeakIng Tour Appeal Fund. CAFCA.-P.O. Box 2258, Christchurch. New Zealand.

Name 11 •••••••• ' •••• 11 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 11 •• l1li •• 11 •••• • ••••••••

Address " 8.9 8 ••••••••••••••

••• III III." 111 811 II •••••••••••••• III •• III ••• III •• III •• III •• III 1. III ••• I. ••••••

Phone : ~ a..t-e.. b ~


Donation ... " ...... u •• .., ••••• ue.

'.I.A. re I e p U.S. bid to block




A Christchurch-based organtsa!ion which nas Invited the renegade C.I.A. agent Phlllp Agee to visit New zeaiand fears that the United States Government will

try to prevent his visit, planned for early next year.

"I'd say he has a 50·50 chance getting In," says Murray HOf" ion, secretary of the group which extended the invitation, Cam, paign Against Foreign Control of

ADtearoa (C.A.F.C.A.).

ae believes tile New Zealand Government may see Agee's visit

provocative to the United srates, but says that, as Agee has DO criminal record, It is only "arm-twisting" by the United ;,Iates would prevent tile Vi.iliL

"I should tell you," Agee told C.A.F.C.A. "that the C.I.A., tile State Department, and others nave Intervened on a number of occasions to ask governments nor allow me to enter their coun-

tries. This has happened when it was announced that I would be attending some event, or when

found out through normal

no Idea what the .problern migM be in New Zealand, but aU {""f read ISle.!)' about uuclear weapons dispute and

Rainbow Warrior altair, J :;;Juld think the Lange Governmight not cave In where concerned."

Murray Horton has told supporters that C.A.F.C.A. does not ;'!lure Agee's optimism about the Lange Government. As a Nlcarapassport holder, he needs a to visit New Zealand, and

(A.F.C.A. lias advised him to plenty .or notice when he for one.

would be naive In the extreme to Imagine that the United States Embassy, the C.I.A., tne-s.l.s., etc will take Ills viGit lying down," said its letter supporters, "It is possible that organisers of his visit will themselves be aarassed by the intelllgence netherworld (as happened




N.Z .

Phlllp Agee: "Lange Government might not cave ill where I'm concerned!'

No problem foreseen

When asked if Philip Agee would be granted a visa, the Minister of Immigration, Mr Burke, replled that the case was hypothetical as no application had yet been received. However, he added, be .eeuld see no particular problems.

If an application was

received if would he judged on the normal criteria applied to applications for temporary vtsltors' permits - that theappUcant bad a valid passport, valid travel documents (Including the ability to re-enter another country). and had no crfmlna! con-


injunction which has kept him from returning long ago to the United States.

"Agee, who has never been Charged with a crime, who has simply spoken out forcefully against the abuses of the United Stales intelligence complex, who lias become synonymous with criticism ot the C.I.A., has been forced to move from country to country and has been wrongly accused of assorted heinous acts.

"It is a measure or the strength of his struggle that he continues to speak out and to tight back."

C.A.F.C.A., which has campaigned against the New Zealand Security Intelllgence Service, has Invited Philip Agee to talk about his own HIe, and to tell what he knows of C.I.A. '''destabilisation'' campaigns, especially in view of recent evidence of C.I.A. actlvtties In the South Paclrlc.


to British members of the Agee/ Hosenball Defence Committee, when he and M&l"k Hos.enball were ratlroaded out ot tile United Kingdom on lsecurltr grounds.' "

To check that Philtp Agee's record is stili clean, the organisation wrote to him at his horne In Ulm, West Germany. He replied: " ... I have not been Indicted, wanted, or convicted for any criminal ortence."

What has happened to Agee Is that hts United States passport lias been confiscated. He is still a United States citizen, but he travels on a Nicaraguan passport, He lives In West Germany - after being expelled or refused residency by a number of other N.A.T.O. countries, Including Britain, France, and Tile Netherlands - because he tears :

United States Government WOllin succeed In getting a court lnjunctlon preventing him from speakIng or writing without first clearing everything with the C.I.A.

Philip Agee's running feud wHil the American authorities stems from his publication in 1974 of "Inside the Company - C.IA Diary." It details his 12 years' work for "the Company" in Central vand South America, describes its secret activltles, and names hundreds of C.l.A. agent" and front organisations. The subsequent assassination of a C.I.A. agent, Richard Welch, In Athens, was linked to these disClosures, . although he was not named ill tile book. Welch was named (not by Agee) in another publication, "Counterspy."

In 1970, the United States State.

Department revoked Ills passport, after Agee had suggested that Iran should otter to exchange Its American hostages in Teheran tor the C.r.A:s flies on that country. A story in tile "New York Post" claimed that

Iran wanted Agee to serve on a proposed tribunal to try the prisoners -- something he flatly denied, and no such tribunal was

ever set up. . .

In 1982 It was made Illegal to name any Intelligence agents, even it their names came from publlc sources.

Agee has continued to speak out forcefully against the abuses of the United States Intelligence system - especially the covert activities of the C.I.A. In the Third World.

For a number ot years, the C.IA liked to describe Agee as its "only ideological defector," according to the "Covert Action Information Bulletin," a publication devoted to exposing the abuses of Western intelligence agencies, and tor which Agee occasionally writes articles. ("Covert Action" takes the view that American. intelligence activities snoutd be restricted to the gathering of Intelligence, and that it should not be Interfering covertly In the affairs of other countries.)

The pubtlcauou says that the C.I.A. reserves Inordinate hatred and vehemence for Agree. "Rumours spread, arter 'Inside the Company' was published, that there were senous otters within the Agency to assassinate him," it reported in 1980. "Whenever a journalist wants' a suitably juicy quote, any C.I.A. source can be asked about Agee - most recently, according to D.P.I.: 'If I can gel him with my bare hands, I'll kill him, I'll kill him.' "

DetaiHng united States Government actions against Agee, the magazine commented: "It is hard not to draw the conclusion that the Government has set In motion a massive campaign to hound Philip Agee back home, and 1.0 gag him.

"It is only tnls threat of an