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Referat La Fizica Fizicienii Lumii

Referat La Fizica Fizicienii Lumii

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Published by: melozina on Aug 18, 2014
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FIZICIENII LUMII

CATEVA NOTIUNI DESPRE FIZICIENII LUMII
==Mihail Vasilievici Lomonosov , mae !i"ician #s , a $ai$ in$e anii %&%% si %&'( !iin)
!on)a$o#l
$eoiei molec#lao*cine$ice a ma$eiei+ El a )emons$a$ ,en$# ,ima )a$a le-ea cons$an$ei masei
s#.s$an$elo+
==/alileo /alilei 0 %('1 * %'12 3 !i"ician si as$onom i$alian , a in$o)#s ,en$# ,ima )a$a
no$i#nea
)e ine$ie , a s$a.ili$ ela$ivi$a$ea miscaii , a s$#)ia$ le-ile ca)eii co,#ilo si a miscaii
co,#ilo ,e
#n ,lan inclina$+ A !os$ ,im#l cae a cece$a$ c# #n $elesco, ce#l ins$ela$, )esco,ein) o
m#l$ime
)e s$ele noi + A s#s$in#$ ac$iv sis$em#l heliocen$ic +
==Isaac Ne4$on 0 %'15* %&2& 3 -enial ma$ema$ician si !i"ician en-le" , a )esco,ei$ le-ea
-avi$a$iei
#nivesale, a ela.oa$ $eoia miscaii co,#ilo cees$i, a inven$a$ calc#l#l )i!een$ial si in$e-al,
a
ela.oa$ o me$o)a no#a si in$eesan$a )e cece$ae a ma$eiei ,in mi6loace ma$ema$ice, ia in
o,$ica
a !ac#$ )esco,eii emaca.ile +
NOTIUNI DESPRE /RAVITATIE
Paman$#l, ea consi)ea$ )e ca$e oamenii )in an$ichi$a$e ca !iin) s#s$in#$ )e $ei .alene+
Naivii
si oamenii )e an), ce)ea# aceas$a $eoie )a$oi$a inc#l$#ii )a mai ales )a$oi$a !a,$#l#i ca si
.iseica o s#s$inea o.es$e, ne-asin) al$a e7,lica$ie+
In #ma )emons$a$iilo l#i Ne4$on s*a s$a.ili$ ca o m#l$ime )e !enomene, a,aen$ )i!ei$e
0 c#m
a !i 8ca)eea li.ea a co,#ilo ,e Paman$, miscaile vi"i.ile ale L#nii si Soael#i, maeele,
e$c+3 s#n$
mani!es$ai ale aceleasi a$ac$ii ce se mani!es$a in #nives+ In$e $oa$e co,#ile )in #nives
0 -a#n$e
)e nisi,, .oa.e )e ma"ae, ,ie$e sa# ,lane$e3 ac$ionea"a o !o$a )e a$ac$ie eci,oca ,e cae
Ne4$on
o n#mea le-ea -avi$a$iei #nivesale+ E7is$en$a a$ac$iei #nivesale, si n#mai ea, e7,lica
s$a.ili$a$ea
sis$em#l#i sola, miscaea ,lane$elo si a celolal$e co,#i cees$i+
Miscaea cic#laa a co,#ilo cees$i se ,o)#ce ca si miscaea cic#laa a #nei ,ie$e
inva$i$a
c# s!oaa+ Fo$ele )e a$ac$ie #nivesala e,e"in$a s!oile invi"i.ile cae silesc co,#ile cees$i
sa se
mis$e ,e o an#mi$a $aiec$oie+ Asa se e7,lica !a,$#l ca L#na es$e men$in#$a ,e o.i$a )e !o$a
)e
a$ac$ie a Paman$#l#i, cae la an)#l sa# es$e men$in#$ )e !o$a )e a$ac$ie a Soael#i+
Isaac Ne4$on es$e cel cae ae mei$#l ca a )esco,ei$ le-ea aces$ei a$ac$ii si a aa$a$ )e
ce
an#me )e,in) !o$ele es,ec$ive +
Con$in#an) i)eile l#i /alileo /alilei 0 %('1*%'123 ,s$#)iin) aman#n$i$ o.seva$iile ,ecise
as#,a
,lane$elo !ac#$e )e T9cho :a.e 0 %(1'*%';%3 si a celo $ei le-i ale l#i <e,le 0%(&%*%'5;3 =
o.i$a
eli,$ica , e-ali$a$ea aiilo ma$#a$e )e a"a vec$oae in $im,#i e-ale si ,a$a$ele ,eioa)elo )e
evo*
l#$ie se com,o$a ca si c#.#ile a7elo mai = Isaac Ne4$on a e#si$ sa )emons$e"e le-ea
a$ac$iei
#nivesale , cae ii ,oa$a n#mele, si sa )e)#ca le-ile l#i <e,le in$*o !oma s$in-en$a+ Ne4$on
a
mai )e$emina$ ,e$#.a$iile eci,oce ale ,lane$elo, a e7,lica$ anomaliile miscaii L#nii si
le-a$#a
lo c# !l#7#l si e!l#7#l+
S$#)iile si le-ile amase )e la Ne4$on , s#n$ vala.ile si a"i , as$!el ca ,#$em s,#ne !aa a
-esi
ca a$#nci s*a# ,#s .a"ele !i"icii si as$onomiei mo)ene +
INTOCMIT
DELIU MARIA :IANCA

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