Theory

Frictional Head Drop in Screens
Reference Document :Chemical Engineers' Handbook by Perry & Chilton, Page 5-37
The flow through a screen can be considered as flow through a number of orifices or nozzles in parallel.
Thus the pressure drop or head loss across a screen can be computed from an oricice type equation.
The resulting equation for head loss is :Head loss through the screen, Dh =

2

2

2

2

(n/C ) x {(1-a )/a } x (V /2g)

where
Dh = head loss,m of fluid
n = no.of screens in series
C = screen discharge coefficient( is a function of screen's Renolds no, Re)
(for Plain square mesh screen, C vs.Re is given in fig.5-44,page 5-37 of of Chem.eng.Hand
Book by Perry &Chilton)
a = fractional free projected area of screen
=
l=
d=
g=
V=

2

{(l-d)/l}
centre to centre spacing of square screen wires
diameter of screen wires
acceleration due to gravity ( 9.80665m/s)
superficial velocity ahead of screen,m/s

Experimental data indicate that for a series of screens, the over-all head loss is directly proportional
to the number of screens in series, as given by the above equation, and is not affected by either the
spacing between successive screens or by their orientation with respect to one another.
Screen discharge coefficient C is a function of screen Reynold's Number,
1
.Re=Ds X V/(a X n) =
where, n=kinetic viscosity of fluid(=µ/density of fluid) in m 2/s
Ds = aperture width, m
C is given by the curve under fig. 5-44, approximated by the following tabular data :-

241622320.xls.ms_office

Re

C

0.1
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.2
0.22
Re

0.0310
0.0340
0.0368
0.0393
0.0418
0.0441
0.0463
C

0.24
0.26

0.0483
0.0504

Page 1 of 26

Theory

241622320.xls.ms_office

0.28
0.3
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.4
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.5
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.6
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.7
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.8
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.88
0.9
0.92
0.94
0.96
0.98
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
Re

0.0523
0.0542
0.0560
0.0577
0.0594
0.0611
0.0627
0.0643
0.0658
0.0673
0.0688
0.0702
0.0717
0.0730
0.0744
0.0758
0.0771
0.0784
0.0796
0.0809
0.0821
0.0834
0.0846
0.0858
0.0869
0.0881
0.0892
0.0904
0.0915
0.0926
0.0937
0.0948
0.0958
0.0969
0.0979
0.0990
0.1000
0.1098
0.1187
0.1271
0.1350
0.1425
0.1496
0.1564
0.1629
C

2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6

0.1692
0.1753
0.1812
0.1869
0.1924

Page 2 of 26

2369 0.4564 0.5687 0.2323 0.2500 0.4 4.2583 0.6 7.8 6 6.8 5 5.3210 0.2662 0.4 5.2 8.2919 0.2987 0.2413 0.2 4.2 5.8 4 4.2457 0.4384 0.4733 0.2 7.2 6.5319 0.4 9.6 9.2739 0.6013 0.6 6.3053 0.2701 0.2082 0.2776 0.3495 0.4 8.Theory 241622320.2953 0.8 9 9.3085 0.6 4.3179 0.2884 0.2230 0.5909 0.3749 0.4 7.xls.4 6.2031 0.5184 C 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 0.2133 0.1978 0.3020 0.8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 Re 0.2849 0.5800 0.2277 0.3979 0.8 7 7.3117 0.5570 0.5447 0.4189 0.ms_office 3.8 8 8.3148 0.2623 0.2542 0.2182 0.6 5.4892 0.6114 Page 3 of 26 .5042 0.6 8.2 9.2813 0.

6888 0.0322 1.0135 1.9726 0.6305 0.7731 0.7242 0.ms_office 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 Re 0.2174 1.1824 1.8370 0.6652 0.7787 0.7308 0.1407 1.0499 1.6484 0.7948 0.0707 1.7617 0.7105 0.9500 0.7435 0.7035 0.7842 0.Theory 241622320.6211 0.6733 0.1693 1.6396 0.7174 0.7675 0.7896 0.8000 0.8697 0.1947 1.2278 1.8989 0.9255 0.6811 0.1249 1.7557 0.1555 1.7497 0.1081 1.2377 Page 4 of 26 .7372 0.6569 0.0901 C 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 1.6962 0.9937 1.2063 1.xls.

xls.4437 1.3498 1.4208 1.2560 1.3076 1.3536 1.4057 1.4076 1.4133 1.4416 1.Theory 241622320.3406 1.3453 1.4032 1.4353 1.2802 1.4099 1.3899 1.4458 Page 5 of 26 .4249 1.4188 1.4169 C 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 6200 6400 6600 1.4116 1.3196 1.2644 1.3571 1.4332 1.3999 1.3252 1.3012 1.4395 1.ms_office 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 720 740 760 780 800 820 840 860 880 900 920 940 960 980 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 Re 1.2725 1.2470 1.3554 1.3518 1.3956 1.4269 1.4311 1.4228 1.4374 1.4290 1.3137 1.3724 1.4150 1.3356 1.3587 1.4089 1.2945 1.2875 1.3824 1.3305 1.

5353 1.5267 1.5368 1.4742 1.4703 1.5219 1.5091 1.5379 1.5007 1.4500 1.5328 1.5335 1.4623 1.5237 1.ms_office 6800 7000 7200 7400 7600 7800 8000 8200 8400 8600 8800 9000 9200 9400 9600 9800 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 22000 24000 26000 28000 30000 32000 34000 36000 38000 40000 42000 Re 1.4603 1.5279 1.4582 1.4781 1.5388 1.5359 1.4541 1.5291 1.5372 1.5342 1.5178 1.4800 1.5311 1.5252 1.Theory 241622320.5382 1.4562 1.4762 1.5320 1.4723 1.5348 1.4683 1.4663 1.4479 1.5124 1.5385 1.xls.5052 1.4643 1.5153 1.5376 1.4952 1.5390 Page 6 of 26 .4521 1.5301 C 44000 46000 48000 50000 52000 54000 56000 58000 60000 62000 64000 66000 68000 70000 72000 74000 76000 1.4884 1.5200 1.5363 1.

5406 1.5398 1.5397 1.5393 1.5405 1.5404 1.5403 1.5407 Page 7 of 26 .Theory 78000 80000 82000 84000 86000 88000 90000 92000 94000 96000 98000 100000 241622320.5395 1.ms_office 1.5400 1.xls.5406 1.5401 1.

ref:piping hand book by crocker & king) Hence size of opening (aperture width)Ds= 0.velocity of liquid through strainer .V= 0.79375 mm 32 swg 32 swg= 0.Hand Book by Perry &Chilton) a = fractional free projected area of screen = l= d= g= V= 2 {(l-d)/l} centre to centre spacing of square screen wires diameter of screen wires acceleration due to gravity ( 9.eng.of screens in series C = screen discharge coefficient( is a function of screen's Renolds no.ms_office Page 8 of 26 . n=kinetic viscosity of fluid(=µ/density of fluid) in m /s Ds = aperture width.Calculation Sheet PRESSURE DROP CALCULATION FOR STRAINER 3 25 m /hr Flow rate of liquid through strainer= Max.0108 inch 0.985420087 mmlc (Ref.e.m/s 241622320. 0.eng.5-44.51943 mm = 0. m Screen discharge coeficient.127235 m Straining area= Screen : 32 0.0337162 2 where.27432 mm (see. i.Re is given in fig.page 5-37 of Chem.26mm) 2 0.m of fluid n = no.5-100. C vs.80665m/s) superficial velocity ahead of screen. Spacing between two wires is the reciprocal of mesh size in inch. a = 0.Re=Ds X V/(a X n) = 11.000006 m /sec (ID=102.Hand Book by Perry &Chilton) where Dh = head loss. fractional free projected area of screen.054579884 m/s Renold's no.00598542 mlc 5.000519 m mesh Note:mesh size=no.428239 Now.page 5-37 of of Chem.table:I-25. % open area. Re) (for Plain square mesh screen. Dh = 1 2 2 2 2 (n/C ) x {(1-a )/a } x (V /2g) or.xls.C= 0.336148365 No. Kinematic viscosity of liquid (n)= Strainer inlet size= 6 cst 100 mm NB Average Strainer Diameter 100 mm Strainer effective length 405 mm 2 0. of screen in series= Head loss through the screen.of wires per linear inch or.eqn.& swg=screen wire gauge Approx.

46 0.88304 -2.048349 0.56303 -2.298756 0.3 -0.98863 -2.32 0.26 0.72099 -2.69836 -2.057717 0.30307 -3.1 .65393 -0.38 0.031 0.099999 0.57982 -0.60944 -1.07353 -3.044071 0.099999 0.22 0.54 0.075751 0.3 0.12 0.06581 0.3026 -1.12026 -1.3026 4.66 0.27297 -1.20813 -0.079647 0.03677 0.6 0.56 0.24 0.039349 0.003 0.055964 0.48 0.7148 -1.3026 1 0.07881 -1.077071 0.44629 -0.046257 0.041774 0.55105 0.REYNOLD'S NUMBER INPUT= S D Calc D Actl Re C Calc C Actl -2.8675 -0.20397 -1.51083 -0.3026 0 2.50656 -2.16 0.74467 -2.18 0.41552 -3.13943 -1.59818 -2.47804 -0.8522 -2.61619 -0.63593 -2.42712 -1.95095 -2.78062 -2.82312 -2.064269 0.062693 0.080906 trial 0.91629 -0.42 0.77653 -0.05229 0.07 0.96758 -0.8 0.69315 -0.7695 -2.22314 -3.30259 -2.51446 -3.00015 0.67669 -2.067316 0.47377 -3.34 0.44 0.14 0.6559 -2.64 0.061078 0.38129 -3.02165 -0.5803 -2.055 0.031 0.91586 -2.20397 10.53015 -2.045 0.8 -2.73397 -0.2 0.36 0.070236 0.1 0.03 0.12196 -3.02931 -2.054157 0.50656 0.073043 0.050357 0.05942 0.6167 -2.071653 0.62 0.90042 -2.22314 100.10109 -2.5 0.34707 -1.82098 -0.47376 -3.52 0.23528 -3.034004 0.099999 -1.28 0.79561 -2.068791 0.83258 -1.65926 -2.96611 -1.6052 -3.078 zone .4 0.062 0.51413 -1.17547 -3.074409 0.58 0.078369 0.54473 -0.54632 -2.03 -2.

17435 -0.88707 1.20955 -2.84 0.6 2.386294 1.757858 1.250001 6 6.788457 0.27444 -0.30259 -2.47973 -1.34513 -2.76 0.2277 0.74128 -1.00248 -1.08338 -0.875469 0.094767 0.118736 0.62029 -1.10536 -0.40367 -1.2 6.23 0.9 0.38628 -1.19845 -0.163151 1.435085 1.6 0.223775 1.609438 1.213267 0.92 0.097938 0.095835 0.24846 -0.6 1.38629 1.94591 1.35667 -0.135001 0.6 6.082147 0.693147 0.8 2 2.4 5.029619 1.270075 0.78 0.4 4.686399 1.35634 -2.68 0.2 4.39152 -2.192441 0.1 0.59402 -1.47012 -2.74 0.273868 0.277594 0.222987 0.8 4 4.40381 -2.49925 -2.60944 -1.3678 -2.470004 0.3285 -0.1 0.2 7.6 4.084575 0.42931 -2.30111 -0.38566 -0.52244 -1.149582 0.241315 0.197842 0.-0.94 0.791759 -2.254177 0.336472 0.182322 0.791759 1.45615 -2.4164 -2.77657 -1.266213 0.72 0.38629 -1.275 .089242 0.186892 0.25 0.50064 -1.4 6.142469 0.48448 -2.281255 0.88 0.955511 1.06265 -2.175 0.088 0.086939 0.43042 -2.30259 -1.526056 1.8 0.093687 0.2 2.10975 0.86 0.258267 0.916923 1.45963 -1.42165 -1.218178 0.262278 0.70825 -1.175296 0.2 1.335001 1.4 7.098612 1.94863 -1.4 3.6 5.09149 0.824549 1.67722 -1.37952 -2.89991 -1.085765 0.856298 1.13085 -2.083369 0.26849 -2.028148 -1.096892 0.25 0.54521 -1.8 6 0.092 0.2816 -1.56904 -1.30905 -1.6 3.181182 0.250002 0.568616 1.04082 -0.232322 0.33416 -2.50104 -2.89712 -1.35376 -1.098974 0.85542 -1.29511 -1.090373 0.8 5 5.44029 -1.3129 -2.7 0.587787 0.2 3.96 0.4 1.32342 -2.156387 0.36973 -1.245695 0.2 5.208246 0.38597 -2.06188 -0.8 3 3.203107 0.98 1 1.0202 0 0.22314 -0.092595 0.82 0.8 7 7.481605 1.32346 -1.2 0.33835 -1.44255 -2.81448 -1.088098 0.280934 1.4 2.974081 2.15082 -0.64797 -1.722767 1.74297 -1.38629 -1.46968 -1.169217 0.12783 -0.15 0.082 0.648659 1.29098 0.236859 0.127117 0.00148 2.162922 0.

78 zone .314837 0.418934 0.34249 -0.6 9.29 0.71 0.43 0.44697 -0.78433 -0.673289 0.248495 4.406719 4.258097 3.2 .63 0.091042 3.504173 0.14592 -1.21973 -1.288396 0.637586 3.317933 0.755745 0.27225 -0.4 9.33205 -0.19729 -1.749704 0.42019 -0.743534 0.32 0.397888 0.98112 -0.30486 -0.382027 4.544702 0.3621 -0.477337 4.438362 0.054124 2.430817 4.583519 3.75 0.84397 -0.26467 -0.20836 -1.104134 2.43329 -0.484907 2.828641 3.284855 0.656922 0.2 8.39558 -0.276666 4.308517 0.568735 0.8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 0.282382 2.47631 -0.23787 -1.710543 0.24342 -1.995732 3.6 8.717449 0.715 -0.311699 0.648373 0.29531 0.197225 2.772589 2.298686 0.761663 0.151762 2.8 8 8.988984 4.174752 2.25728 -1.730785 0.24071 2.349477 0.639057 2.094345 4.401197 3.34173 -0.52 0.454347 4.65393 -0.4 8.178054 3.49981 -1.58 0.05132 -0.356709 4.73767 3.773149 0.63139 -0.20397 -1.28768 -0.40763 -0.68 0.688774 0.611354 0.74799 -0.665222 0.58523 -0.1865 -1.1557 -1.871201 3.189655 4.518365 0.688879 3.16572 -1.261763 2.127134 4.737229 0.4613 -0.767463 0.87004 -0.2 9.079442 2.912023 3.330733 4.025352 4.060443 4.320986 0.580013 0.60752 -0.49208 -0.55698 0.724194 0.473316 0.28005 -0.590854 0.13943 -0.128232 2.621071 0.82471 -0.302012 0.219203 2.465736 3.78419 3.601291 0.24846 7.526361 3.23141 -1.5447 -0.305288 0.63956 0.50868 -0.65708 -0.219508 4.46204 -0.37284 -0.630466 0.13636 -1.35173 -0.92158 -0.54473 -0.37489 0.28808 -0.3 0.951244 3.890372 2.25577 -1.304065 4.29188 0.68484 -0.696214 0.3227 -0.531851 0.2.681136 0.56434 -0.456425 0.8 9 9.158883 4.489191 0.17598 -1.38399 -0.31364 -0.332205 3.302585 2.38566 -0.52619 -0.29634 -0.703467 0.

192957 -0.584967 4.263297 0.298317 -0.131628 0.258146 0.35 0.252724 0.941642 -0.684612 6.2501 -0.02778 5.8 0.789568 0.227893 0.10655 5.2 1.802395 0.787492 -0.247037 1.794841 0.3 1.327937 6.070722 1.032244 1.068333 0.60665 6.345293 1.307602 1.319557 1.55108 6.182322 0.217354 1.264429 1.049865 1.140684 1.090083 1.22314 -0.461468 6.255951 1.156431 0.837041 0.22961 -0.95 zone .299974 -0.048741 5.80002 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 0.993725 1.779922 6.313711 1.013458 5.30004 0.24309 -0.351801 1.05 900 1.991465 6.239017 0.182394 1.234621 0.086254 0.155452 1.167542 0.429719 6.828946 5.27 1.349913 920 1.543295 4.363028 6.560682 0.300105 6.733402 6.659294 6.291569 6.0063 5.102655 0.49224 6.330512 1.949959 0.39693 6.223144 0.521789 4.709304 6.579251 6.22314 -0.253829 6.227776 1.205204 0.296612 0.16933 1.300105 6.040255 6.301213 1.349824 1.480639 -0.824374 0.25 1.289416 0.262364 0.778726 0.285564 0.756932 6.031735 5.13964 5.05134 5.22317 4.63479 0.177907 0.277296 0.4.60517 -0.703782 0.268195 0.287528 1.194714 1.131226 6.60517 -0.173786 6.9726 0.335648 1.564348 4.940171 5.8 0.281527 0.220771 0.04879 0.3 1.799976 0.139762 0.703782 5.117727 0.522093 6.17788 4.013549 1.768321 5.05129 0.272856 0.898929 0.784198 0.393628 -0.35 zone .124937 1.108109 1.21322 0.240984 0.07739 5.869671 0.301438 92 94 96 98 100 0.04879 0.05 1.206349 1.247011 0.144492 0.23627 -0.15 1.633318 6.075174 -0.214608 6.048661 0.925525 0.4 .280193 1.325152 1.802395 0.294528 1.049948 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 720 740 760 780 800 820 840 860 880 900 1.22312 4.272501 1.340571 1.086775 6.237657 1.19668 0.886104 5.187599 0.293096 0.

38936 8.410003 1.517193 8.600902 7.40757 1.316554 0.935904 8.431093 1.392045 0.415035 1.354067 0.367231 0.987197 9.34284 8.365774 0.30533 0.696213 7.44792 1.450003 1.424851 1.347154 0.437413 1.433196 1.41 1.323819 0.4 zone -5 1.341865 0.45 1.445829 1.377759 7.390747 0.372996 0.46632 1.454144 1.340534 0.378629 0.356974 0.006368 0.362845 0.389439 0.343592 0.853665 8.21034 0.355516 0.364643 0.070906 8.887553 6.34359 0.470288 1.464318 1.495542 7.351218 0.556414 8.881836 8.377234 0.478084 1.359907 0.368683 0.439522 1.411565 1.344699 0.794825 8.357072 1.371564 0.40893 1.343501 0.44 1.374417 0.126959 9.866933 6.732305 8.385459 0.358709 1.29405 8.352633 0.783224 7.909235 8.435303 1.190138 9.358439 0.443732 1.342831 0.389882 1.665613 8.10498 9.384112 0.47421 1.399888 1.059517 9.961879 8.462305 1.082507 9.480004 1.090077 7.37583 0.34359 8.46831 1.370128 0.4562 1.011889 9.035987 9.43 1.42 1.38139 0.336392 0.395557 1.30408 0.48 zone -6 .47 1.84588 6.699515 8.422809 1.361376 0.458246 1.405698 1.306535 0.333293 0.148465 9.594154 8.460281 1.907755 7.380014 0.357674 0.433812 8.364311 0.349827 0.382756 0.441629 1.392042 940 960 980 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 1.863267 7.169518 9.476371 8.37239 1.824678 8.476153 1.353621 1.378436 0.006368 8.426916 1.386795 0.452078 1.188689 8.420796 1.6.350657 0.33875 0.302783 0.244228 7.630522 8.388122 0.345893 0.46 1.34847 0.382396 1.409874 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 6200 6400 6600 6800 7000 7200 7400 7600 7800 8000 8200 8400 8600 8800 9000 9200 9400 9600 9800 10000 1.413251 1.322083 0.428999 1.336472 0.131531 8.403193 1.472255 1.242756 8.937375 8.355377 1.764053 8.416898 1.38 1.329219 0.418823 1.371566 0.385262 0.41 1.

431782 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 22000 24000 26000 28000 30000 32000 34000 36000 38000 40000 42000 44000 46000 48000 50000 52000 54000 56000 58000 60000 62000 64000 66000 68000 70000 72000 74000 76000 78000 80000 82000 84000 86000 88000 90000 92000 94000 96000 98000 100000 1.421994 0.998798 10.429954 0.43209 0.537562 1.43412 10.526656 1.500658 1.538784 1.69194 10.18442 11.23996 10.53196 1.9.59663 10.539256 1.527929 1.405465 0.54 Re 0.479847 1.431771 0.539825 1.9682 11.54534 10.415415 0.429091 0.521933 1.391939 0.536781 1.428752 0.42308 0.517766 1.51 1.430422 0.43225 0.415587 0.533488 1.411503 0.89674 10.540474 1.93311 10.532757 1.531087 1.53903 1.21034 9.537187 1.515259 1.537906 1.48 1.405903 0.4721 11.546813 9.37349 10.53634 1.425354 0.64542 10.431947 0.30895 10.33857 11.505224 1.495163 1.49 1.530132 1.392662 9.16585 10.680344 9.45105 11.392042 0.40756 11.432204 0.3621 11.430628 0.540721 1.534774 1.540125 1.538224 1.5 zone -7 1.51293 0.424668 0.426548 0.429403 0.427982 0.0021 11.431864 0.540649 1.539983 1.408793 0.428383 0.43215 0.519974 1.525 1.77896 10.505 1.859 10.432023 0.512393 1.515 1.421129 0.903488 9.397705 0.49127 10.431434 0.431299 0.09741 11.540567 1.419981 0.430818 0.81978 10.413693 0.431153 0.398776 0.540254 1.7364 10.427068 0.38509 11.431669 0.42969 0.423914 0.402235 0.12726 11.408942 0.42954 11.54037 1.418693 0.1 1 10 .427545 0.03489 11.431557 0.534158 1.539463 1.425268 0.52368 1.53 1.08581 10.53534 1.28978 11.23849 11.422156 0.15625 11.26446 11.430198 0.21182 11.41871 0.529083 1.417239 0.535861 1.49272 11.06664 11.525247 1.798127 9.425978 0.539653 1.509085 1.538516 1.31447 11.430992 0.41211 0.52 1.488405 1.

100 1000 10000 100000 .

30259 .39878 0.RE S 11.0337162 2.510188 -2.000675 0.000675 0.624087 D3 S1 R -0.791759 0.336148 =FRICTIONAL COEFFICIENT OUTPUT S3 R Q P -3.3026 0 1.791759 0.03293 S2 D C -1.400956 D1 D2 P Q -2.38629 -2.510188 -2.38629 -2.30259 -1.30259 -1.30259 -3.0902 0.47377 -2.3026 0 1.47377 -2.

38629 -0.60517 -0.-1.22316 1.03293 0.688879 4.54473 -0.624087 -2.39878 .791759 3.

.

05129 0.802395 -0.257713 -1.-0.02325 0.60517 5.703782 6.048790164 0.600902 8.34359 6.07355 1.187753 0.04879 4.703782 -0.802395 7.380401 -1.21176 0.148584 -4.300159 5.1098 0.22314 -0.00099 0.214608 6.38899 0.006368 .298317 5.300104592 0.336472 -0.

392042 8.853665 9.21034 0.006368 8.343589704 0.30867 1.371564 0.020266 -0.0.515828 .

392044511 0.21034 10.81978 11.3 9.1 0.427692 0.432417 C 0.155524 -0.C 10 -0.03 0.0.51293 Discharge coefficient.47552 .00666 0.

6 1 Reynolds number Fig.4 1.5 1.8 1. 5-44 .10 C 0.

ONAL COEFFICIENT OUTPUT .

0036 0.036 0. British Imperial Standard wire 0.0116 0.432 0.0108 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 0.400 0. INCH Table:I-25 (ref:piping hand book by crocker & king) Wire and sheet metal gauges (dimension and thickness in decimal parts of an inch) 0000000 000000 00000 0000 000 00 0 1 2 0.0100 0.072 0.0092 0.0108 0.0044 0.0124 0.0020 0.0040 0.0084 0.0084 0.0068 0.0052 0.0032 0.300 0. gauge no.032 0.372 0.0092 0. British Imperial Standard wire gauge no.0148 0.064 0.0048 .0108 0.0052 0.020 0.048 0.0100 0.0048 0.0016 32 32 0.0060 0.032 British Imperial Standard wire gauge no.348 0.0076 0.028 0.056 0.500 0.018 0.092 0.0024 0.0136 0.276 FALSE 0.0164 0.040 0.024 0.0108 0.324 0.0068 0.464 0.0076 0.036 0.INPUT SWG = 32 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 0.022 0.0060 0.080 0.0028 0.0108 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 0.0108 =OUTPUT WIRE SIZE.

0020 0.0148 0.0124 0.028 0.018 0.0036 0.192 0.144 0.232 0.024 0.0012 0.0010 .212 0.252 0.0116 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 0.0016 0.0028 0.0164 0.0136 0.160 0.0024 0.0040 0.022 0.128 0.020 0.0044 0.116 0.176 0.3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 0.104 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 0.0032 0.

FALSE .