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Camshaft Timing Chain 117-19

VANOS units, removing and installing (N12, N16, N18 engine)


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Intake camshaft VANOS solenoid valve:
Disconnect electrical connector (A).
Remove fastener (B).
Remove solenoid valve (C). If necessary, valves can be rotated in
cylinder head to aid in removal and installation.
Exhaust camshaft VANOS solenoid valve:
Disconnect electrical connector.
Remove fastener (A).
Remove solenoid valve (B). If necessary, valves can be rotated in
cylinder head to aid in removal and installation.
Installation is the reverse of removal, making sure of the following:
Replace O-ring and coat lightly with oil.
Ensure valves are clean and free of dirt.
VANOS units, removing and installing
(N12, N16, N18 engine)
Engine timing is adjusted when pistons are locked in 90 position.
This is an updated procedure that eliminates using top dead center
(TDC) when setting camshaft and crankshaft correlation.
Special tools and procedures are required to remove and install
VANOS units and to time camshafts.
Check camshaft timing. See Camshaft timing, adjusting in this
repair group.
Tightening torque
VANOS solenoid to cylinder head
(replace sealing O-ring)
9 Nm (7 ft-lb)
WARNING
To avoid personal injury, be sure engine is cold before
beginning the procedure.
CAUTION
Disassembly, removal and assembly of camshafts or VANOS
units without special tools poses the risk of damage: Valves
may be bent by contact with the piston crowns.
Throughout this procedure, unless otherwise specified,
crankshaft and camshafts remain locked against rotation using
MINI special tools.
117-20 Camshaft Timing Chain
VANOS units, removing and installing (N12, N16, N18 engine)
VANOS units, removing
Switch ignition OFF and remove key.
Disconnect negative () cable from battery.
Raise vehicle and support safely.
Remove ignition coil cover. See 020 Maintenance.
Remove spark plugs. See 020 Maintenance.
Remove cylinder head cover. See 113 Cylinder Head Removal
and Installation.
Using MINI special tool 11 9 590, secure crankshaft in 90 piston
position. Tool remains in place during entire repair process.
Remove fasteners (A), then remove timing chain slide rail (arrow).
CAUTION
Prior to disconnecting the battery, read the battery
disconnection cautions in 001 Warnings and Cautions.
WARNING
Make sure vehicle is stable and well supported at all times. Use
a professional automotive lift or jack stands. A floor jack is not
adequate support.
CAUTION
Holes used to balance engine and for aligning engine can be
mixed up. Verify engine is in 90 position by viewing piston
position through spark plug hole.
Camshaft Timing Chain 117-21
VANOS units, removing and installing (N12, N16, N18 engine)
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N12, N16 engine: Using MINI special tool 11 9 540, lock camshafts
in 90 piston position. Tighten down tool with supplied fasteners (A).
Tool remains in place during entire repair process.
N18 engine: Using MINI special tool 11 7 440, lock camshafts in
90 piston position. Secure with supplied fasteners (A). Tool remains
in place during entire repair process
Remove timing chain tensioner (A). Be prepared to catch any
dripping oil in a shop towel.
117-22 Camshaft Timing Chain
VANOS units, removing and installing (N12, N16, N18 engine)
Working at right side front of cylinder head, remove timing chain
guide rail bearing bolt (arrow).
Working at front of camshafts:
Loosen and remove exhaust and intake VANOS unit mounting
fasteners (arrows). Discard fasteners.
Disengage timing chain from camshaft adjustment unit sprockets.
Remove intake VANOS unit (A).
Remove exhaust VANOS unit (B).
VANOS units can be mixed up. Check markings prior to installation.
Intake VANOS unit marked IN.
Exhaust VANOS unit marked EX.
Camshaft Timing Chain 117-23
VANOS units, removing and installing (N12, N16, N18 engine)
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VANOS units, installing
Use new bolt (A) to reattach exhaust VANOS unit (B). VANOS unit
may be installed in any position initially. Finger-tighten mounting
bolts for now.
Install timing chain on exhaust VANOS unit (B).
Use new bolt (A) to reattach intake VANOS unit (B). VANOS unit
may be installed in any position initially. Finger-tighten mounting
bolts (A, C) for now.
Install timing chain on intake VANOS unit
Install timing chain slide rail (arrow) and torque fasteners (A).
Tightening torque
Timing chain guide rail to cylinder head
M8 (replace seal) 20 Nm (14.7 ft-lb)
117-24 Camshaft Timing Chain
VANOS units, removing and installing (N12, N16, N18 engine)
Install MINI special tool 11 9 340 in timing chain tensioner mounting
hole and pretension timing chain to 0.6 Nm (5.3 in-lb).
Using a torque wrench and angle protractor, torque intake VANOS
unit fastener (A).
Using a torque wrench and angle protractor, torque exhaust VANOS
unit fastener (A).
Remove dummy tensioner and install timing chain tensioner. Use
new seal.
Check camshaft timing. See Camshaft timing, adjusting in this
repair group.
Reassemble engine.
Tightening torque
VANOS unit to camshaft (use new fastener)
Stage 1
Stage 2
20 Nm (15 ft-lb)
additional 180
Tightening torque
VANOS unit to camshaft (use new fastener)
Stage 1
Stage 2
20 Nm (15 ft-lb)
additional 180
Tightening torque
Timing chain tensioner to cylinder head
M22 x 1.5 (replace seal) 65 Nm (48 ft-lb)
CAUTION
Be sure to remove crankshaft and camshaft locking tools before
rotating or starting engine.
established 1950
Automotive Reference
Bentley Publishers, 1734 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-1804 USA
Tel: 617-547-4170 Toll Free: 800-423-4595 Fax: 617-876-9235
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MINI Cooper (R55, R56, R57)
Service Manual: 2007-2013
Cooper, Cooper S, John Cooper Works (JSW)
including Clubman and Convertible
Price: $139.95
Bentley Stock Number: BM13
Publication Date: 2014.10.01
ISBN: 978-0-8376-1730-5
Hardcover, 8 3/8 in. x 11 in.
Case quantity: 5
1064 pages, 1845 photos, illustrations and diagrams
Includes color MINI Cooper familiarization section
The MINI Cooper Service Manual: 2007-2013 is a comprehensive source
of service information and specications for MINI Cooper models from
2007 to 2013 (Mk II). The aim throughout this manual has been
simplicity, clarity and completeness, with practical explanations,
step-by-step procedures and accurate specications. Whether youre a
professional or a do-it-yourself MINI owner, this manual will help you
understand, care for and repair your car.
Features:
Procedures for everything from changing the ATF to replacing a dirty
cabin microlter and resetting the CBS (condition based service)
system. This manual tells you what to do and how and when to do it.
Engine and cylinder head service with variable camshaft timing
(VANOS) setup and adjustment, including Valvetronic service on N12,
N16, and N18 engines.
Driveability troubleshooting and detailed repair information for the
Siemens DME Engine Management Systems.
Turbocharger and intercooler information, including component
removal and replacement (Cooper S, JCW).
Drivetrain maintenance, including troubleshooting, adjustment and
repair of clutch, gearshift linkage and drive axles.
Suspension repairs, including strut and control arm replacement
procedures.
Manual and automatic transmission removal, installation,
seal replacement and external service.
System repair information for antilock brakes (ABS), automatic
stability control (ASC) and dynamic stability control (DSC).
Heating and air conditioning repair (IHKS / IHKA), including
component replacement.
Body adjustments and repairs for sunroof and convertible, including
resetting of the rollover protection system.
Electrical system service, including an easy to use electrical
component section with detailed illustrations and photos.
Comprehensive wiring schematics, including fuses and grounds.
MINI OBD II diagnostic trouble codes, SAE-defned and OBD II
P-Codes, as well as basic scan tool information and OBD II
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs).
MINI factory tolerances, wear limits, adjustments, and tightening
torques.
Models & engines covered:
Cooper: 1.6 liter normally aspirated engine
(engine codes N12, N16)
Cooper S: 1.6 liter supercharged engine
(engine codes N14, N18)
Transmissions covered:
Manual: 6-speed Getrag (GS6-55BG for Cooper,
GS6-53BG for Cooper S)
Automatic: 6-speed with Agitronic, Aisin (GA6F21WA)
Step-by-step instructions for
resetting CBS service items.
020 Maintenance
High pressure fuel system service
on turbo engine, including replacing
HP fuel pump.
160 Fuel Tank and Fuel Pump
BentleyPublishers
.com
bentley_bm13_new.product.announcement.pdf
Detailed engine service,
including VANOS camshaft
timing adjustment.
117 Camshaft Timing Chain