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I. Uncountable Nouns – they have no plural form: - common nouns that are usually uncountable: * accommodation, information, advice, behaviour; * all the metals; * English (and all other languages); * furniture, health, knowledge, luggage; * maths (and all other school subjects); * rice (and all other grains and cereals); * salt (and all other condiments); * water (and all other liquids); * traffic, transport, trouble Use: a slice, a lump, a piece with countable nouns for food II. Nouns that can be countable and uncountable 1. Nouns we can thing of a single think or substance: * chocolate, paper, hair, stone; * iron (ca metal- uncountable; countable cu sensul de fier de calcat). 2. Nouns which are used to refer to a particular varieties: * wine; * country; 3. Some drinks * coffee; * beer; 4. time, space, room III. Uncountable nouns ending in –s, followed by a singular vb * maths, genetics, arobics, athletics, news * The news is good. IV. Nouns ending in –s that are always plural * trousers, clothes, scissors (foarfeca) To refer to a singular item, use a pair of.
V. Irregular plural forms: nouns which have the same form in the singular and plural * aircraft, crossroads, species, sheep, series VI. Collective nouns: * My family is very big. All of my family are coming to the wedding. Nouns which only take a plural verb: cattle, the people, the police.
Determiners used with countable and uncountable nouns: a) lots/ a lot of + countable/uncountable nouns b) much + uncountable nouns c) many + plural countable nouns d) little, a little, a bit + uncountable nouns * little= almost none; a little/ a bit = at least some e) few, a few + plural countable nouns (=some but not many) f) some + uncountable nouns and plural nouns (between a little and a lot) g) hardly any + uncountable and plural countable nouns h) no/ not any + uncountable and plural nouns