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Journalistic Reporting & Editing

Journalistic Reporting & Editing

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Published by Diana Burns

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Published by: Diana Burns on Dec 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1.0Unit Objectives1.1Introduction1.2Forms of Journalistic Writing
1.2.1 News Writing 1.2.2 Editorial Writing 1.2.3 Feature Writing 1.2.4 Article Writing
1.3Summary1.4Exercises and Questions1.5Further Reading
To understand the significance of Journalistic writing
To discuss the various forms of Journalistic writing
To learn the basics of writing an Editorial, Article, News and Feature
To understand the difference between various forms of journalisticwriting
Journalistic Writing
is closely associated with the practice of reporting the news.Reporting is an art and a craft. Its skills can be taught, learned, and developed as aform of artistic expression. The modern newspaper writing style as a
lead-and- summary
form. In this form, the news item begins with a round-up of the major facts of the story, and then summarizes subordinate facts arranged in order of decreasing importance. The final item is often described as a
item because it is lowest in importance and is designed to be discarded if necessary to fitthe article into the news paper, magazine, or journal's physical news space.For broadcast news, there should be a
form, that begins with a statementdesigned to give the listener an
instant of preparation
for stronger phrases that areabout to be presented. Broadcast news writing is typically short, straightforwardand exceedingly simple in construction. Unlike most written forms, it closely
resembles and is often exactly the same as a typical spoken dialogue: completewith incomplete sentences and non-standard grammar.The difference between the beginning of a lead -and-summary design and a softlead design is ultimately one of perception, and is demonstrated as follows:The first example places the major attention-grabbing ideas at the beginning (theidea of another journey to the moon), followed by a secondary attention-grabbingidea (the cost of the project). The second example builds up to the idea of another space journey, and the purpose of the journey, before mentioning the cost.
Example Lead-and-Summary Design:
Humans will be going to the moon again. The NASA announcement came as theagency requested ten gazillion dollars of appropriations for the project. ...
Example Soft-Lead Design:
 NASA is proposing another space project. The agency's budget request, announcedtoday, included a plan to send another person to the moon. This time the agencyhopes to establish a long-term facility as a jumping-off point for other spaceadventures. The budget requests approximately ten gazillion dollars for the project…
A Newspaper is a collection of news stories, features, editorials and articles.
Anews story provides the typical hard news. It provides information in astraightforward manner. A feature appeals to the emotions. It covers all kinds of topic and provides the information in an interesting and easy-to- read manner. Afeature tries to entertain while informing. Editorial provide the newspaper’s pointof view. Articles, on the other hand, provide the point of view of individualwriters.
1.2.1 News Writing
As the word implies, news contain much that is new, informing people aboutsomething that has just happened. But this is not happening always as some storiesrun for decades and others are recycled with a gloss of newness supplied to it.

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