The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho


Paulo Coelho
1. An Naafi Hayyunisa Prayudi (07)
2. Hanifah Rahmi Maulidani (19)
3. Nisrina Nur Fadhila (26)
4. Rizka Eka Putri Pranoto (30)
5. Sandra Puspitasari (32)
of the novel
Santiago, a young and adventurous Andalusian
shepherd, has a recurring dream about a child who tells
him to seek treasure at the foot of the Egyptian pyramids.
Santiago meets a mysterious old man who seems able to
read his mind named Melchizedek, the King of Salem. He
tells Santiago it’s his duty to pursue his Personal Legend.
Melchizedek gives Santiago two stones, Urim and
Thummim. Santiago selling his flock and set off to
Tangier. When Santiago arrives in Tangier, a thief robs
him, forcing him to find work with a local merchant. The
conservative and kindly merchant teaches Santiago several
lessons, and Santiago encourages the merchant to take
risks with his business. The risks pay off and Santiago
becomes a rich man in eleven months.
Santiago decides to continue pursuing his Personal
Legend. He joins a caravan crossing the Sahara desert toward
Egypt and meets an Englishman who is studying to become
an alchemist. While traveling, Santiago begins listening to the
desert and discovering the Soul of the World. The caravan
eventually reaches the oasis; Al-Foyoum and there Santiago
meets an Arab girl named Fatima and falls in love with her
instantly. The caravan leader gathers the travelers together
and tells them that tribal warfare prevents them from
continuing their journey.
During a walk in the desert, Santiago witnesses an omen
that portends an attack on the historically neutral oasis. He
warns the tribal chieftains of the attack, and as a result, Al-
Foyoum successfully defends itself against the assault. Soon
afterward, Santiago is confronted by a black-garbed, veiled
stranger with a sword, who sits atop a white horse, the
alchemist. The tribal chieftain arms his men and they’re well-
prepared when the oasis in indeed invaded. The alchemist
offers to cross the desert with Santiago.
Soon they enter into an area of intense tribal warfare.
Warriors hold the two men captive, but eventually allow them
to continue their journey. The alchemist tells Santiago that he
needs to return to the oasis and that the rest of the trip is
Santiago’s to make alone so that he can claim his Personal

Santiago arrives at the Egyptian pyramids and begins to
dig. He finds nothing buried in the ground. Thieves beat
Santiago and rob him. After he tells them of his dream,
though, one of the thieves recounts his own dream about a
buried treasure in the sacristy of an abandoned church. He
returns to Spain to find a chest of jewels and gold buried
under the tree and plans to return with it to Al-Foyoum, where
he’ll reunite with Fatima, who awaits him.
An adventurous young Andalusian shepherd determined to fulfill his Personal
Legend, which is to find a treasure at the foot of the Egyptian pyramids.
The King of Salem. He appears to possess magical powers and helps those
pursuing their Personal Legends.
Crystal Merchant
A struggling merchant who owns a crystal shop on top of a desolate hill that
was once popular but lost much of its business as Tangier lost its status as Egypt’s
premiere port town. He is good-hearted, devout Muslim, but has a crippling fear of
A well-educated science student determined to learn the secrets of alchemy by
learning from a true alchemist. He is skeptic and loves reading his books.

The Alchemist
Extremely powerful alchemist residing in the Al-Foyoum Oasis,
dresses in black, rides a white horse, and carries a scimitar, the Philosopher’s
Stone, and Elixir of Life. He often speaks cryptically but he understands the
Soul of the World and the importance of Personal Legends.

Candy Seller
A generous vendor in the Tangier marketplace who enjoys his occupation.
Caravan Leader
The bold leader of a caravan traveling across the Sahara Desert from Tangier to
A beautiful and chaste young “desert woman” who lives at the Al-Foyoum Oasis. She
understands that she must allow Santiago to travel in pursuit of his dream.

An old women living in Tarifa who interprets dreams. She reads palms
and uses black-magic iconography, but she also keeps images of Christ.
A merchant who buys wool from Santiago on a yearly basis. He
worries about being cheated so he demands that any wool he buys be
sheared from the sheep in his presence.
Young Man
A scam artist living in Tangier who speaks Arabic and Spanish.

Changed for the better because when traveling to Egypt got a lot of
advice that changed his life.

Crystal Merchant
Changing the way he trade; still want to maintain a trade way he has
done since a long time but after Santiago come, the crystal merchant wants to
change the way of his commerce.

 Time
A year ago : santiago was flashback when he sold wools in Tarifa.
Night : every night Caravan was sleep meanwhile Santiago and the
Englishman shared story each other. morning,
4 days before Santiago came back to sell wool.

 Social Background
 EmbittermentTime
1. A year ago : He was flashback a year ago when he had sold the wools .
2. Night : Every night in the dessert , Caravan was sleeping but
Santiago and Englishman shared their story.
3. Morning : Santiago was going on from the king of Al Fayoum
4. 4 Days before Santiago came back to sell the wools.

 Social Background
a) Embitterment : The story can’t be prediction
b) Romantic : When Santiago asked Fatima to marry with him
c) Full of motivation: The story gives more quotes to be motivation for the readers.
: story can’t be prediction by the readers.
Romantic : Santiago proposed fatima to marry with him.
Full of motivation : give most quotes to the readers.

When Santiago tried to turn himself into the
wind, Santiago rise again chasing his dream
despite being robbed and did not have anything,
go back to Fatima, met with the alchemist.
Theme : The Centrality of Personal Legends; The
Unity of Nature; The Danger of Fear
Yes, the novel show the important problems of life.
View of author : sentimental.
The novel make the reader join the feeling of the
 The style on this novel : complex and involved.
The novel told us about love, treasure, and believeness
 Humor : No humor
The novel are more feeling serious about the life of Santiago
and the lesson of life
 The dramatic situation is infrequent
 There is a different rate of movement. The oasis that is safe
place haven from war suddenly happened a war when
Santiago came there
 Point of view : Third Person know all.
It told about the story of Santiago and there isn’t word me or I
, though the author focuses on Santiago’s journey.
Occasionally, the narration will step back from Santiago and
focus on an ancillary character, but it always returns to its
protagonist. The point of view consistent until the end of story
CONFLICT · The conflict of the book is
Santiago’s personal tension between completing
his Personal Legend to travel all the way to
Egypt to find a treasure at the pyramids and
settling along the way for the treasures he has
already earned.
Santiago, Crystal Merchant, Merchizedek,
The Alchemist, Fatima
The robbers
The book was written in realistic,
attempting to see life photographically
with emphasis on the difficulties,
absurdities, animosities, and ironies.

 Dilemma
In making decisions about his dream. The
choice to go on a trip to Egypt or return to
 Irony
Just got robbed while in Tangier and
forced to sleep in the market.
 Foreshadowing
His dream about the treasure in Egypt

The conclusion of the story
isn’t satisfactory because the
story hasn’t ended yet just up
till he said he’ll reunite with
Fatima, who awaits him.

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