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The Writing Process

Four Steps in the Writing
Process:
1. Prewriting
2. Drafting
3. Revising
4. Presenting (or publishing)
1. PREWRITING
• Prewriting is the time when a writer
plays with ideas and gathers
information to prepare for the actual
drafting.
• It may involve reading, talking, or
simply thinking about a topic.
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During Prewriting, you must
think about 4 things:
 Topic
 Format
Audience
Time
Topic
• What is your story going to be about?
• Brainstorm about interests and
possible ideas.
Format
• What type of writing are you going to
do?
• Are you writing a sentence, a
paragraph, a theme, a journal entry, a
letter, a poem, a fictional story, a
research paper?
Audience
• Who are you writing for?
• Who do you expect to read your
writing?
– Teacher?
– Parents?
– Friends?
– The general public?
Time
• How much time will be devoted to this
project?
• Will you be expected to complete the
writing assignment outside class, or
will class time be given for discussion,
for brainstorming, for revision?
2. DRAFTING
• The stage when the writer begins to
record ideas in rough form.
• Getting started on a story is often
difficult and may produce many false
starts.
• “How should I begin?”
• A first draft is simply a time to
gather, explore, and discover ideas.
• It is NOT expected to be a final,
polished writing.
• No one needs to be worried about
neatness, spelling, or mechanical
correctness in the earliest draft.
• Freewriting – (also known as “spin
writing” or “rush writing”) A
technique where students write
nonstop, capturing as many ideas as
possible.
• You jot down words, phrases, or
sentences quickly.
• Ideas coming with great speed and
momentum often trigger other ideas
along the way, and ideas are the goal
of the earliest draft.
3. REVISING
• Once a first draft is completed,
writers begin to revise (“to see
again”).
• They look at what they have written
and ask themselves if the ideas and
purpose is clear to an audience.
• They share the draft with their
peers and/or teacher, listening to
their responses and acting on them.
• Later drafts involve polishing the
writing to present in final form to a
particular audience.
• Editing for spelling and mechanics
happens in the final stage of revising.

At first . . .
• You might believe that you are a
hopeless writer when you can’t get
your writing perfect right away.
• As you work through and understand
the writing process, you will realize
that most writers (even professional
authors) rework and revise all the
time!
Presenting (or Publishing)
• Usually only the teacher reads and
grades a student’s writing.
• However, you should share your writing
with your parents, relatives, or friends!
• You may also submit your writing to
literary contests, professional
publications, or local newspapers.
• You may also use your writing as a gift
to a trusted adult for special occasions.