COM ISSUE 743 | AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
President targets civil
servant corruption
President U Thein Sein says state workers must change their mindsets in attempt to
battle ongoing corruption within the ranks of the government. NEWS 4
Leprosy patients struggle against their disease and its stigma at Mawlamyine Christian Leprosy Hospital. Despite
reaching “elimination” status of leprosy in 2003, Myanmar still records around 3000 new cases each year NEWS 17
Census falls short in
Rakhine State
International observers say census
failed to meet international standards
in Rakhine due to Rohingya issue.
Local app developer
promotes education
Revo Tech turns to tablets to help
Myanmar language learners.
online editor Kayleigh Long |
THE INSIDER: The local lowdown & best of the web
For whom the bell tolls
As the search intensifies for the
Dhammazedi Bell (the actual
existence of which is largely
apocryphal and something of
a bone of contention among
historians), reports have emerged
online that a woman in her 60s
from Hlegu township has been
possessed by the dragon spirits
that guard the bell. Curiously, the
woman has never visited the site
of the search area – she has been
following the story in the news,
Apparently the naga spirits
are less than impressed by
the disturbance the search
is causing. For any Doubting
Thomases out there: you
should know that three
snakes (reportedly) entered
her family’s compound in the
morning before the possession
(reportedly) took place – during
which the normally frail old
woman (reportedly) shouted and
displayed extraordinary strength.
The story has become rather
popular on Facebook.
While most would (hopefully)
regard this story with a healthy
dose of skepticism, it’s certainly
not the first time folklore has
gone viral in Myanmar. Two
notable recent examples of
stories with a Buddhist or animist
twist that have taken off on social
media include “scientists confirm
the existence of Buddhist hell in
Siberia”, “German lab to clone
Buddha from DNA sample” and
“Nats are real and found to be 30
feet tall”. Seems legit.
Reports of death of Spitfire dig
greatly exaggerated
In other crypto-historical news,
The Irrawaddy last week reported
that the search for WWII-era
Spitfires supposedly buried at
Mingalardon airport is drawing to
a close, with British farmer and
warbird hunter David Cundall’s
local partner saying the operation
will end after the rainy season,
when their licence expires in
October. However, Page 2 can
confirm this is a story that’s far
from done – even if the licence
does expire in October there is
a strong possibility of another
contract being put out to tender,
with no shortage of groups
interested in securing permission
to dig for the fabled aircraft.
So, be you a Spitfire denier or
staunchly Team Cundall: watch
this space.
Census sensibility
Speaking with The Irrawaddy
last week, Rakhine State
“Emergency Coordination
Committee” leader U Than Tun
revealed a proposal in the works
that could see Rakhine leaders
petition the government to detain
Rohingya Muslims who are
unable to provide documentation
as proof of right to citizenship
in camps. The question that
springs to mind is “isn’t that sort
of what’s happening already?”
The answer to that is “yes,
but…”, the “but” being that the
Department of Immigration’s
citizenship verification program
currently underway in Rakhine
State could potentially be a
positive development for families
with the appropriate paperwork
and ability to prove historical
ties in Myanmar. That said, the
number of people likely to be
able to provide such proof will
probably be in the minority for a
number of reasons – not least
of which being that many didn’t
have time to think about which
documents they might need
in the future as they fled their
burning villages. Not to mention
the fact that, if I’m to understand
correctly, the record-keeping
in some of the more remote
parts of the state hasn’t been
so comprehensive in the past.
The ECC is also reportedly
looking at tendering a proposal
that Rohingya IDPs be detained
elsewhere in Myanmar – which,
though perhaps misguided and
probably not all that au fait under
the Geneva Convention, is a
more solutions-based approach
than the usual non-constructive
FDA sausage crackdown
Myanmar’s Food and Drugs
Administration (yes, there is one)
has announced chicken sausage
snacks from China are to be
withdrawn from the market.
This comes mere months after
the great Potato Snack saga,
which saw the FDA attempt to
pull the snacks from shelves
after experiments spread on
social media proved the treats
to be rather flammable and
therefore maybe not that good
for you. However, these are still
very much available in shops
so fear not, chicken sausage
lovers: they’re probably not going
In brief:
Nationalist concedes Ooredoo
boycott “an embarrassing failure”
MPT’s promotional text
messages become increasingly
desperate ahead of Telenor
launch, described by one man
as sounding “like my deranged
ex-girlfriend begging me not to
break up with her”
First Friday of the month:
Diplomatic mingler in Golden
Valley. Eyes Wide Shut theme.
Same venue as last time.
Keys in a bowl, let’s get weird.
Safeword’s “democracy”.
Next week:
Why are airport floors so
slippery? A Page 2 investigation
Zun Than Zin
from NOW! Magazine.
Photo: Thu Taw Lwin
Page 2
From the Pansodan Gallery archives
Once was Burma ...
Bama Khit magazine, Independence issue 1948. Departing
British man says, “Take care of your children’s health.”
News 3 www.mmtimes.com NEWS EDITOR: Thomas Kean | tdkean@gmail.com
LEADERS of ethnic armed groups say
they want Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to
observe the signing of the nationwide
ceasefire agreement and the accompa-
nying political dialogue. Nai Han Tha,
leader of the Nationwide Ceasefire
Coordination Team (NCCT), said on
August 19 the groups wanted the NLD
chairperson to take a larger role in the
peace process as a leading representa-
tive of the public.
The opposition leader met with
ethnic armed group leaders at her
house in Yangon on August 18 to dis-
cuss the peace process and the consti-
tutional amendment process.
“Daw Suu was interested in our
peace process plans and promised she
was ready to participate when we in-
vite her,” said Nai Han Tha.
Also under discussion were the
campaign to amend the constitution
to allow her to become president, and
the possibility of a proportional repre-
sentation electoral system.
“We asked her how to approach
the election, how to solve the problem
of the PR system and how to use the
signature campaign to amend section
436 [of the constitution],” said Colonel
Khun Okkar, secretary of the United
Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC).
The National League for Democ-
racy made no statement about this
meeting, and ethnic leaders declined
to comment when asked whether they
sought advice from Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi concerning their talks with
the government on the national cease-
fire agreement. The government’s con-
sent would be required if Daw Aung
San Suu Kyi were to attend the peace
talks. NLD spokesperson U Nyan Win
said Daw Aung San Suu Kyi had not
been invited, though the Nobel Peace
Prize laureate has expressed a desire to
play a greater role in the peace process.
The NCCT has proposed a list of
third parties to participate in the
signing of the agreement, including
observers from the United States,
the United Kingdom, Japan, China,
France, Norway and the United
The signing is expected to take
place in October following discussion
of a second draft of the agreement in
Ethnic leaders
want Suu Kyi
in on ceasefire
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi addresses supporters in Yangon on May 17. Photo: Aung
Htay Hlaing
IN another step towards introducing
the controversial proportional rep-
resentation (PR) electoral system, a
parliamentary commission decided
last week to recommend to the
Amyotha Hluttaw that an open-list
proportional representation system
should be introduced for next year’s
general election.
If approved, PR would replace
the current first-past-the-post sys-
tem, by which the candidate who
receives the most votes in any con-
stituency becomes the member of
parliament. The opposition Na-
tional League for Democracy op-
poses PR because they believe the
government’s purpose in introduc-
ing it is to reduce the size of an an-
ticipated NLD majority in the 2015
“We decided to recommend the
open-list system after considering
various kinds of PR systems in use
around the world. Now we will
prepare a draft electoral law for
submission to the coming session,”
said commission member U Phone
Myint Aung.
The 35-member commission was
formed on July 11 to study PR sys-
tems. Its recommendation follows
a three-day debate over a proposal
from National Democratic Force
candidate Daw Khin Wai Kyi to
change the electoral system from
first-past-the-post to PR for the 2015
general election.
Parties who support PR told
hluttaw they wanted to introduce
the system so that all parties could
have a voice in parliament. Howev-
er, the National League for Democ-
racy and ethnic parties who oppose
PR say the change would be pre-
mature and inappropriate for the
transition to democracy, and asked
parliament not to change the vot-
ing system.
“People think representatives
elected by PR cannot represent them
because they are not directly elected.
That’s why we decided to introduce
an open-list system, so that people
can vote both for the party and its
candidates,” said U Phone Myint
Under the proposed system, vot-
ers choose individual candidates
from a list provided by each party.
“The commission was tasked
with identifying a suitable electoral
design and proposing it to parlia-
ment, but the final decision depends
on the Union Election Commission
and parliament,” said commission
chair U Zaw Myint Pe.
The commission formed on July
29 by the lower house, Pyithu Hlut-
taw, to analyse the electoral system
for the country’s regions will meet
on August 28.
Most observers agree that the in-
troduction of a proportional repre-
sentation system would benefit the
ruling USDP at the expense of the
NLD, and critics say a switch to PR
could violate the constitution and
electoral law.
Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann told
a press conference on August 11 that
if parliament approved a PR system,
committees would draft a new elec-
toral law. “Any contradiction with
the 2008 constitution would be sub-
ject to a decision from the constitu-
tional tribunal court,” he said.
Parliamentary commission
proposes open list PR system
THE Tatmadaw has agreed to dis-
cuss the potential formation of
a federal army, one of the ethnic
armed groups’ key demands in the
ongoing peace process.
The pledge came as the ethnic
armed groups, the government and
the military discussed the last few
sticking points in the latest draft of
the nationwide ceasefire accord at
the Myanmar Peace Center in Yan-
gon on August 15-17.
“The government] has accepted
the federal military demand in prin-
ciple. The details will be discussed
during the political dialogue. The
military has also agreed to it,” said
U Naing Han Thar, the leader of the
the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordina-
tion Team.
While the Tatmadaw has said it
will discuss the possibility of a feder-
al army, they made it clear that they
don’t want it to be labelled as such.
Major General Gun Maw of the
Kachin Independence Organisation
(KIO) said the military had insisted
on the title of Pyidaungsu Tatmadaw
or union military, instead of the fed-
eral military, the title that the ethnic
armed groups had pushed for.
“[The agreement] is to discuss
the formation of the Pyidaungsu Tat-
madaw in the political dialogue, not
the restructuring of the Tatmadaw
under the title of the Federal Tat-
madaw,” he explained.
The title still needs the approval
of the government’s Union Peacemak-
ing Working Committee led by the
president, said U Hla Maung Shwe,
a member of the technical team from
Myanmar Peace Center.
Maj Gen Gun Maw said that he
believed the government and mili-
tary commanders will endorse the
“We have found that the mili-
tary’s sentiments have changed, es-
pecially in this round of meetings.
We have seen that the military of-
cials have held very patient discus-
sions,” he said.
The military had continuously
opposed a federal military structure,
arguing that the current military
fairly represents the country.
But ethnic groups continue
to view the military as overly
representative of the country’s ma-
jority ethnic group, the Bamar.
“Only if the military is restruc-
tured into a new one representing
all races, will they [ethnic groups]
see it as their own military,” said U
Sai Paung Nut, the chair of the Wa
National Democratic Party.
“The current military includes a
considerable number of ethnic peo-
ple but the influence of the Bamar is
still huge,” said U Man Aung Pyi Soe,
the vice-chair of the Palon-Sawor
Democratic Party.
When the restructuring of the
military is discussed in the politi-
cal dialogue, the future of existing
ethnic armed forces will also be dis-
cussed, U Naing Han Thar said.
But ethnic leaders admitted that
there is still a considerable amount
of work to be done on the issue, as
it is still unclear what a federal mili-
tary would look like. Details on the
specific structure remain scarce.
“[The ethnic groups] just want
the military to be in line with the
federal principles when the coun-
try is transformed into a federated
structure,” said Dr Tun Jur, chair of
the Kachin Democracy Party.
Army will discuss federalism
4 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
THE government and the ethnic
armed groups told a news confer-
ence last week that the final draft
of the national ceasefire agreement
could be finalised in September.
The government’s Union Peace
Working Committee (UPWC) and
the NCCT ended three days of talks
in Yangon on August 17 at the My-
anmar Peace Center in the latest of
more than a dozen rounds of talks
during the nine month temporary
“We can build trust between us,
but we still have some disagree-
ments,” Naing Han Tha, the leader of
the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordina-
tion Team (NCCT), which represents
the armed groups, and the chair of
the armed New Mon State party told
Both sides said there are now four
main sticking points in the seven
chapter accord.
There is no agreement on who
will sign the accord; on how long the
political dialogue on designing the
new federal state and federal army
will last for; on who will monitor the
ceasefire; and on whether it will be
legal for the armed groups to recruit
soldiers during the political dialogue
“We won’t argue about power-
sharing, we just need to keep our
existence until we reach the final
solution,” Dr Salai Lian Hmong, an
NCCT member and one of the lead-
ers of Chin National Front (CNF),
The armed groups want the presi-
dent, the commander-in-chief and
the parliamentary speaker to all sign
the accord.
“We [ethnic groups] have to
decide who should be involved in
signing on our side. Also the govern-
ment has to decide themselves, but it
should be the person who can really
guarantee the ceasefire,” said Pha Do
Saw Kwal Htmoo Win, general sec-
retary of the Karen National Union
KNU and a member of the NCCT.
U Hla Mg Shwe, the government’s
senior adviser to the talks, said that,
while president U Thein Sein will
sign the agreement, whether the
commander-in-chief will sign “de-
pends on the president’s decision”.
The military representative, Lt Col
Myint Soe, refused to give any com-
ment to reporters, leaving by a rear
door with other military representa-
tives as soon as the meeting finished.
The ceasefire agreement is
planned to take efect 24 hours af-
ter being signed, but who exactly
will monitor it and whether they are
from the UN, the EU or any regional
states has not been finalised, both
sides said.
The political dialogue is expected
to begin soon after the signing to de-
sign the new federal state which will
give greater autonomy to the ethnic
regions and incorporate their mili-
tias into a federal army.
Both sides hope to
agree on ceasefre
draft in September
INTERNATIONAL observers of the na-
tionwide census conducted earlier this
year have called the enumeration of
Rohingya Muslims a “complete failure”,
saying the process fell short of interna-
tional standards in Rakhine State where
the minority group was barred by the
government from self-identifying.
The independent Myanmar Census
Observation Team has warned that
the omission of the Rohingya from the
count could leave significant holes in
data on the marginalised group.
“The exclusion of the Rohingya/Ben-
gali population from the census enu-
meration poses serious methodological
problems,” the Census Observation Mis-
sion report issued by the 47-member
group on August 14 said.
“The resulting undercount will not
only have a negative impact on the cen-
sus results at the state and region levels
but also at the national level if the miss-
ing population is not included, based on
a proper count.”
Daw Khaing Khaing Soe, the direc-
tor of the Ministry of Immigration and
Population’s census technical team,
declined to comment on the report’s
findings. Minister for Information and
spokesperson for the President’s Ofce
U Ye Htut did not respond to request
for comment.
A spokesperson for the UN Popula-
tion Fund (UNFPA), which supported
the census, said that the census tech-
nical advisory board had discussed a
number of options to rectify the un-
dercounting in Rakhine State during a
meeting in July. One option would be to
estimate populations based on mapping
done prior to the census. Other possible
solutions are still being considered.
The census, which ran from March
to April, was the first nationwide count
to be conducted since 1983.
Originally the government had
said that it would allow for Rohingya
to choose “Other” on the question of
ethnicity, then self-identify. But on the
eve of the census the government back-
tracked, saying that it would not count
those who attempted to identify as
The government does not recognise
the term Rohingya. The group is not
one of Myanmar’s 135 ofcial ethnic
groups, and Rohingya are barred from
becoming citizens under the 1982 Citi-
zenship Law. The government uses the
name Bengali to refer to the group.
This refusal to accept self-identifi-
cation, the Census Observation Team
said, led to enumerators not collecting
any data, or collecting only partial data,
from some households that identified
as Rohingya.
The UNFPA accused the govern-
ment of reneging on its commitment to
the census process when it announced
in March that it would not accept Roh-
ingya as an ethnicity.
“In its agreement with the United
Nations ... the government made a
commitment to conduct the exercise in
accordance with international census
standards and human rights princi-
ples,” the UNFPA said in a statement at
the time.
“It explicitly agreed with the condi-
tion that each person would be able to
declare what ethnicity they belong to.”
Data on ethnicity collected during
the census will not be released until af-
ter the 2015 elections, according to Daw
Khaing Khaing Soe.
The government has insisted that
the delay is due to data-input difcul-
ties after a higher-than-expected num-
ber of people chose not to identify as
one of the 135 listed ethnic groups dur-
ing the census.
But critics of the census have said
that there are political motives behind
withholding the data – particularly a
fear that it could inflame tensions in
Rakhine and other ethnic states.
Members of the independent ob-
server team visited all 14 states and
regions of the country, where they ob-
served a total 2193 census interviews
being conducted.
CORRUPTION is still rife in the civil
service, President U Thein Sein has
reminded his cabinet colleagues dur-
ing a regular meeting of senior gov-
ernment ministers at the Presidential
Palace in Nay Pyi Taw last week.
The president said he wanted to
maintain momentum in fighting cor-
ruption for the remainder of his term.
“It is necessary to change many
things, even the mindset of civil serv-
ants,” U Thein Sein said, urging the
cabinet to step up its action to end
bribery and corruption over the com-
ing year.
Good governance has been a
prominent theme of the president’s
term, and earlier this year parlia-
ment passed an Anti-Corruption
Law and formed the Anti-Corruption
The committee, formed in Janu-
ary 2013, is chaired by Vice President
Dr Sai Mauk Kham, with U Hla Tun,
director general of the President’s
Ofce, as secretary and other union
ministers as members. But the com-
mittee has yet to publish any of its
And critics have questioned the
efectiveness of another body, the
15-member Anti-Bribery Commis-
sion, headed by U May Win and com-
prising retired senior government
“We have no power to take action,
just analyse complaints,” U Thinn
Maung, head of the commission’s in-
formation team, told The Myanmar
Times on August 21.
The law requires the commission
to receive complaints relating to brib-
ery and corruption from the presi-
dent, the two speakers of parliament
and from citizens. The commission
appears to be largely clerical, simply
passing along complaints to other of-
ficials, rather than acting on cases of
suspected bribery.
Most of the 400 complaints the
commission has received from the
public as of the end of July relate
to land-grab issues, said U Thinn
Maung. But he did not elaborate on
the commission’s activities.
Neither the President nor the
speakers have referred any com-
plaints to the commission, said U
Thinn Maung.
U Thein Nyunt, Pyithu Hlut-
taw representative for Thingangyun
township, Yangon Region, said that
he had questioned anti-corruption
activities, but had not received any
“I have asked many questions
about corruption cases in parliament,
but no government body has given
me a satisfactory answer,” he said.
“I have asked about the activities
of the anti-bribery commission be-
cause it is the focal point for corrup-
tion issues. I hope the commission
will explain its activities in parlia-
ment. If the law doesn’t allow them
to combat corruption efectively, we
should try to amend the law.”
President wants civil service to
change mind-set over corruption
Enumeration of Rohingya population a
‘complete failure’, census observers say
Census enumerators walk surrounded by security forces in Rakhine State in April. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
‘The exclusion of the
population from the
census enumeration
poses serious
Myanmar Census
Observation Team
U Thein Sein waves to ASEAN leaders on August 8 in Nay Pyi Taw. Photo: AFP
8 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
ON AUGUST 18, the lawyer and Ro-
hingya-rights advocate U Kyaw Hla
Aung appeared in the Sittwe regional
court to face a variety of criminal
charges, including “incitement” and
“dacoitry”, only to have his case de-
layed yet again after the prosecution
failed to produce its promised wit-
A day later, the co-founder of the
Movement for Democracy Current
Force, Ko Htin Kyaw was sentenced to
one year of hard labour in Dagon Seik-
kan township court for his role in dis-
tributing political pamphlets. Dagon
Seikkan is one of nine townships
where Ko Htin Kyaw is scheduled to
be tried for his crimes. His combined
sentences already total eight years in
While the two court dates were
hundreds of miles apart, the UK-based
watchdog group Frontline Defenders
warned that the cases highlights the
ongoing use of the courts and legal
system to target activists and human
rights defenders, a favorite strategy of
the military regime that appears to have
remained prevalent under President U
Thein Sein’s administration period.
“It shows that the leopard has
not yet changed his spots,” said Jim
Loughran, a spokesperson for Front-
line Defenders. “It is all very well for
President Thein Sein to talk about
reform or human rights but there is
a huge gap between that rhetoric and
the actual functioning of state agen-
cies which are still largely controlled
by the military.
“Recognition for the legitimacy of
the work of human rights defenders,
like U Kyaw Hla Aung, is a key indica-
tor of how far Burma has come along
that road … [and] the case against Ko
Htin Kyaw is another example of how
the legal system is used against hu-
man rights defenders.”
The charges against U Kyaw Hla
Aung stem from an incident on April
26, 2013, when a group of young Mus-
lims in the Boduba IDP camp refused
to fill out an immigration department
form that identified them as “Bengali”.
The situation escalated to the point
where the youths allegedly attacked
several immigration police.
Shortly afterward U Kyaw Hla
Aung was arrested and accused of in-
citing the group to attack the police.
Many observers say the charges are
directly related to U Kyaw Hla Aung’s
longstanding political activism and le-
gal assistance on behalf of imprisoned
Muslims in Rakhine State.
He has been detained since July
last year. His Yangon-based lawyer, U
Hla Myo Myint, said the prosecution
has yet to produce any witnesses or
evidence of their claim. Instead, they
have used court petitions and other le-
gal maneuvering to draw out the pro-
cess as long as possible.
Ko Htin Kyaw began his activism
during the Safron Revolution in 2007.
Since that time he has been arrested
on numerous occasions, most often for
non-violent violations of the Unlawful
Assembly Act.
His specific charges related to his
role handing out pamphlets in Yan-
gon claiming that U Thein Sein had
resigned and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
had formed an interim government.
His prominent lawyer, Robert Sann
Aung, said the whole stunt was meant
as a harmless if unorthodox political
protest, nothing that merits one year
of hard labour. “The sentence is com-
pletely disproportionate” he said.
Both men have been singled out by
numerous international rights groups,
including Amnesty International and
the UN, as human rights defenders
who have been systematically targeted
for their political activities and beliefs.
Representatives from the Yangon
and Rakhine regional governments
could not be reached for comment last
week. As previously reported by The
Myanmar Times, U Aung Thein, the
deputy minister of the President’s Of-
fice, has stated publicly that the Presi-
dent’s ofce no longer believes there
are any political prisoners left in the
nation’s jails.
Mr Loughran said that the inter-
national community had a key role to
play in making sure the issue doesn’t
fall by the wayside.
“The standard against which the
commitment of the international com-
munity to human rights will be meas-
ured is the extent to which they are
willing to act to protect human rights
defenders like Ko Htin Kyaw and U
Kyaw Hla Aung,” he said.
Activists on trial
Two verdicts last week highlight a justice system that is targeting human rights
defenders and the government is only paying lip service to reform, a UK group says.
Ko Htin Kyaw (second from left) attends a press conference in Yangon on March
23 2013. Photo: Noe Noe Aung
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a company organized and existing under the laws of Germany, of
Am Leineufer 51, 30419, Hannover, Germany, is the Owner of the
following Trade Marks:-
Reg. No. 10936/2012
in respect of “Class 9: Industrial batteries”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 25 August 2014
Reg. No. 10935/2012
News 9 www.mmtimes.com
FORMER prisoners of conscience
are joining forces to pressure the
government to define the term “po-
litical prisoner”. The Former Politi-
cal Prisoners Society (FPPS) and the
Assistance Association for Political
Prisoners (AAPP) held a workshop
on August 17-18 in Yangon to discuss
the definition.
National League for Democracy
MP Daw May Win Myint said her
party would ask the Pyithu Hluttaw
for ofcial recognition of a defini-
tion. “We have a draft definition, and
we will ofcially submit a motion to
have it adopted,” she said.
U Ye Aung, a member of the Re-
maining Political Prisoner Scrutiny
Committee and of the FPPS, said that
he hoped a draft definition would
be submitted during the next ses-
sion of parliament, which opens on
September 11.
Advocate U Htay Oo told a press
conference that the definition was
needed because some prisoners had
also been convicted under other
laws, leading to disagreements be-
tween the government and prisoner
monitoring groups on whether or
not political prisoners remain be-
hind bars.
The draft definition is based
on discussions with legal experts,
activists, former political prison-
ers and members of political par-
ties, some of which had been
banned under the previous military
dictatorship. It defines a political
prisoner as anyone arrested, de-
tained or imprisoned for their direct
or indirect activities to promote free-
dom, equality and human and civil
rights, including ethnic minorities,
as well as for involvement in anti-
government protests.
A person arrested and impris-
oned for activities motivated by their
belief that governmental decisions
or performance did not serve the
public interest – such as publishing,
making speeches, or otherwise op-
posing them – may also be defined
as a political prisoner, the draft says.
AAPP secretary U Tate Naing said
the incarceration rate had accelerat-
ed this year because the government
had sentenced journalists and farm-
ers using political provisions. The
government says there are no more
political prisoners, but political or-
ganisations said 29 prisoners not
included under the 2013 amnesty,
as well as about 100 people arrested
or being sued this year should be
We need to re-define “political
prisoner” rights groups say
TWO years after inter-communal vio-
lence first broke out in Rakhine State
more than 310,000 people are still
in need of humanitarian assistance
there, says the UN’s Ofce for the Co-
ordination of Humanitarian Afairs
Pierre Péron, public information
and advocacy ofcer at UNOCHA, said
those in need included both Muslim
and ethnic Rakhine residents.
The number of international hu-
manitarian staf in Rakhine State de-
creased sharply after attacks on UN
and NGO facilities in March following
accusations that they favoured Mus-
Most of the 300-plus staf from
NGOs and INGOs who were temporar-
ily relocated following the attacks have
returned to Sittwe.
But Médecins Sans Frontières-Hol-
land, which previously had more than
500 staf in Rakhine, has not been able
to resume its activities since they were
suspended by the government in Feb-
ruary, despite being invited to do so
last month.
The Rakhine State government an-
nounced in July that MSF and Mal-
teser could resume operations in Ra-
khine, asking them to cooperate with
the Ministry of Health in development
projects, humanitarian assistance,
healthcare and education.
Welcoming the government’s invi-
tation, Marcel Langenbach, director
of operations for MSF in Amsterdam,
said, “We hope MSF can restart treat-
ing patients as soon as possible.”
Some Rakhine community groups
have stated their disapproval of MSF’s
return and it remains to be seen what
the timeline and modalities for resum-
ing operations will be.
U Than Tun, a member of the Emer-
gency Coordination Centre (ECC) in
Sittwe, said they had evidence of MSF
partiality, adding, “We would not op-
pose MSF if they only provided health-
U Hla Thein, who chairs the Ra-
khine State government information
sub-committee, said that discussions
on the timeline and scope of MSF’s re-
sumption of work were ongoing. “The
[Rakhine State] prime minister is still
trying to engage with the Rakhine
communities,” he said.
Rainy season has also intensified
health problems. The UN has reported
increased risk of water-borne and vec-
tor-borne diseases, including malaria
and dengue fever. It also reports that
heavy rains and flooding in some areas
have restricted access for health teams
to some isolated communities.
Over 310,000 in
Rakhine State
still need aid
Activists compile data on former political prisoners in Yangon. Photo: Yu Yu
Number of political prisoners
activists say remain behind bars.
The government says all have been
10 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
IT’S hard to imagine Dr Sanduk Ruit
wielding an axe, as he did as a poor
Sherpa boy growing up in the foothills
of the Himalayas.
He’s got the fingers of a pianist –
fingers that have helped him become
probably the finest eye-surgeon in Asia,
the winner of countless ophthalmology
awards and widely touted as a poten-
tial Nobel Prize-winner for medicine.
Back in 1985 a young, soft-spoken,
somewhat naïve Ruit met a larger-
than-life Australian eye doctor named
Professor Fred Hollows, at a World
Health Organisation conference in
As unlikely as it seemed, they be-
came “soul brothers” and talked long
and hard about ridding the world of
cataract blindness – an afiction that
haunted well over 30 million poor
people but was hardly ever treated,
because surgery was too complicated
and replacement intra-ocular lenses
were far too expensive.
If you got a cataract in most parts
of the world 30 years ago, the best
you could expect was minor medical
intervention and a prescription for
thick glasses. Or in many cases the
total removal of the eyeball, cataract
and all. There wasn’t much incentive
to seek out an eye doctor if you were
At Hollows’ suggestion Dr. Ruit
and his wife Randa came to Australia
IN just a week he operated on and
personally returned sight to 286 My-
anmar people, some of whom had
been blind for more than 10 years.
Daw Tin Nyunt had been blind for
10 years – but it took just 10 minutes
of surgery for her to regain her eye-
sight, see her five children again and
for the first time set eyes on her new
baby grandson.
The 68-year-old army widow, who
lives in Myeik in Tanintharyi Region
with her daughter and four sons, had
dark brown cataracts in both eyes. For
all this time she had seen only bright
light, like looking at life through the
bottom of a thick cola bottle.
Until last week, when a brilliant
Nepalese surgeon named Dr Sanduk
Ruit – and his team of eye specialists
from Katmandu – came to Myeik and
gave Daw Tin her sight back.
And in three days they did the
same for 228 other blind people, from
the southern coastal region of Myan-
At the invitation of the Myanmar
Health Department Dr Ruit – along
with three nurses, an anaesthetist
and three eye technicians from the
Talginga Eye Institute – spent 10 days
in Yangon and Myeik.
In total they successfully fixed the
eyesight of 670 people.
Dr Ruit has also taken the time
to teach local ophthalmologists the
surgical technique which he has de-
veloped so efectively over the past
twenty years, using the genius of his
hands and top-quality and inexpen-
sive plastic lenses which his world-
class institute produces in Katman-
The Nepalese miracle maker pass-
es on his knowledge so that other
medical workers can start to elimi-
nate the estimated 30 million sufer-
ers of cataract blindness – the biggest
cause of blindness in the developing
It’s estimated that there are more
than 600,000 cataract-blind people in
While peering through his port-
able microscope, delicately dissolving
the cataract and injecting a new lens
– all with the tiniest incision and no
stitches – Dr Ruit quietly answered a
stream of questions from the young
Myanmar surgeons who watched him
on a video link and had the chance to
work with him.
What was amazing is that while
inspiring fifteen local doctors Dr Ruit
also managed to operate on 286 blind
men and women himself over just a
week of surgery.
That’s 286 people who can now see
again, who can be productive and no
longer be a burden on their families.
Just as incredible, Dr Ruit’s top-
class surgery was free, along with
The miracle maker
Nepalese doctor returns sight to hundreds of people in Myanmar during recent visit where he operated on patients in Yangon and Myeik
Sandak Ruit, the ophthalmologist who has returned sight to over 120,000
Daw Tin Nyunt reacts moments after having her eyesight restored. Photo: Supplied
‘There is simply no
reason why these
poor people should
be condemned to
blindness, when it
can all be fixed so
Dr Sanduk Ruit
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THE Ministry of Planning signed
a four-year agreement with the
United Nations Office of Drugs
and Crime (UNODC) on August 18
to “strengthen the rule of law and
address significant crime and drug
issues,” according to a statement
from the organisation.
UNODC described the agree-
ment as coming at a “critical time,”
as the nation’s vast and growing
illicit economy is “undermining”
larger reform and development ef-
Myanmar is the world’s second
largest producer of opium behind
Afghanistan, and is the largest
methamphetamine producer in
Southeast Asia.
A report released by UNODC
in May said that Myanmar’s drug
production has played a significant
role in driving meth abuse and sei-
zures of the drug in Asia to record
But drugs are far from the only
“Porous borders are also vulner-
able to migrant smuggling and hu-
man, wildlife and timber traffick-
ing” UNODC said on August 18.
Myanmar shares international
borders with Thailand, India, Laos,
China and Bangladesh.
“The significant financial pro-
ceeds generated by different forms
of trafficking in Myanmar are laun-
dered and distort the legitimate
economy, corrupt public officials,
and undermine stability.”
“Criminal activity in Myanmar is
undermining development efforts,
increasing human insecurity and
threatening the peace process,” said
Jeremy Douglas, UNODC’s regional
representative for Southeast Asia
and the Pacific.
While the statement provided
few specifics, it said the Ministry
will collaborate with UNODC on is-
sues of drugs and health, organised
crime, corruption and alternative
livelihoods for opium farmers.
In addition, the UN hopes the
agreement will bring formerly iso-
lated Myanmar further into the in-
ternational fold.
“[W]e will also be assisting My-
anmar to engage more fully with
neighboring countries. Many crimi-
nal activities that impact Myanmar
are transnational in nature and
require multi-state solutions,” Mr
Douglas said.
UN says
‘Criminal activity
in Myanmar is
development eforts,
increasing human
insecurity and
threatening the
peace process.’
Jeremy Douglas
UNODC regional representative for
Southeast Asia and the Pacific
Number of patients that recieved
cataract surgery during Dr Ruit’s latest
visit to Myanmar
the post-operative care for all the
patients, accommodation and travel
both for them and their carers.
The Fred Hollows Foundation –
which is an Australian based organi-
sation and a longterm partner of Dr
Ruit – paid for him, his Tilganga team
and the medical equipment to come
to Myanmar. Locals such as Dr Aung
Lwin in Myeik also generously picked
up some internal air travel, hotel and
meal costs.
It was very much a joint Myanmar-
Nepal-Australia team efort.
Meanwhile, back home in her
one bedroom house, down a narrow
dirt street, Daw Tin Nyunt found it
difcult to contain her joy as she
smiled, with tears of happiness light-
ing up her eyes. She repeatedly shook
Dr Ruit’s hands in gratitude.
Dr Ruit smiles too as he sees how
much a life has been transformed,
again and again. He’s a tradesman
who loves his work. “This is the most
cost-efective medicine in the world
and the best,” he said.
“There is simply no reason why
these poor people should be con-
demned to blindness, when it can all
be fixed so easily.”
When we left Daw Tin Nyunt to the
tranquility of her family she was still
smiling and refusing to let go of her
beautiful, bright-eyed grandson.
Today, there’ll be 669 other families
in Myanmar smiling too.
Ray Martin is a veteran Australian
journalist who was voted five times the
most popular personality on Australian
TV. The former 60 Minutes reporter and
Midday host was in Myanmar last week
documenting ophthalmologist Dr Sanduk
Ruit carrying out cataract operations in
Yangon and in Myeik.
News 11 www.mmtimes.com
The miracle maker
Nepalese doctor returns sight to hundreds of people in Myanmar during recent visit where he operated on patients in Yangon and Myeik
Sandak Ruit, the ophthalmologist who has returned sight to over 120,000
to study under Fred at the University
of New South Wales, living in the Hol-
lows’ house almost as family. That’s
where he did his first modern intra-
ocular lens operation.
Hollows taught Ruit his unique
surgical technique for removing cata-
racts but then quickly acknowledged
that “the pupil had outstripped the
master”. Whilst Fred had a healthy,
oversized ego he had no hesitation in
publicly passing the torch to Ruit and
renaming his refined surgery “The
Nepal Technique”, which has now
become the world-wide standard of
Because of this connection The
Fred Hollows Foundation has long
been the major donor and supporter
of The Tilganga Eye Institute – includ-
ing its world-class, high-tech intra-
ocular lens factory – which was built
primarily with Australian funds.
Dr. Ruit has now single-handedly
operated on over 120,000 cataract-
blind patients.
Add to that the hundreds of sur-
geons he has trained in Nepal at his
eye institute – and in China, Vietnam,
Indonesia, Cambodia, India and a
host of other countries. Those Ruit
acolytes have returned home and
started fixing blindness at breathtak-
ing speed, as Ruit does.
And 20 years later it’s conserva-
tively estimated that he has indi-
rectly been responsible for over 5
million blind people being able to
see again.
Ophthalmologist Dr Sanduk Ruit on a recent trip to Myanmar. Photo: Supplied
CONSTRUCTION work on the
new Mandalay Convention Centre
(MCC) which began in August will
run for 24 hours to ensure it will be
complete by December 2015, an of-
ficial from Mandalay City Develop-
ment Committee (MCDC) said last
The centre, which will host
major national and international
events, is being built on a 14.8-acre,
MCDC-owned site on southern
Theitpan Road in Chan Mya Tharsi
“There is only one city hall in
Mandalay to hold exhibitions and
ceremonies currently. The capac-
ity of the city hall is just for 600
people, so it is too small to hold
trade exhibitions. That’s why we
invited a tender to carry out this
project because Mandalay needs a
centre like the MCC which is of an
international standard and is multi-
functional,” U Myo Aung, the head
of the MCDC’s Building and Ware-
house Department, said.
He added that work on the con-
struction project, which is a joint
venture between MCDC, New Star
Light and CAD construction, will
have to continue day and night for
it to finish on time.
“ASEAN countries can hold
trade exhibitions there after 2015.
National-level meetings can also be
held. It can be used for social and
business afairs,” U Myo Aung said.
Ko Zin Min Swe from CAD con-
struction said that the centre will
cost an estimated K25 billion.
“There is a hall with capacity for
5000 people and two halls that can
hold other ceremonies simultane-
ously there. Meeting halls with a
capacity of 250 people, VIP rooms,
and a pre-function hall will also be
included,” he said.
After the MCC is complete a
commercial complex featuring a
hotel, shopping centre, a 16-floor of-
fice building and two 20-floor con-
dos, is expected to be built in 2017
and 2018. – Translation by Thiri
Min Htun
Work on Mandalay
Convention Centre to
go on day and night
An artist’s rendering of the Mandalay Convention Centre. Photo: Supplied
12 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
IN FEBRUARY President U Thein
Sein formed the 15-member Anti-
Corruption Commission (ACC). The
commission, which is primarily
comprised of former high-ranking
military personnel who had received
technical know-how from the UN Of-
fice for Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
and the UN Development Program
(UNDP), began working.
The President, the Speakers of
the Pyithu Hluttaw and the Amyo-
tha Hluttaw were also made mem-
bers, leading to widespread fears
that without non-government mem-
bers the commission will be largely
Despite this, the existence of such
a commission remains a significant
development as there was no anti-
corruption institution or policy to
combat graft for more than five dec-
ades in the country.
It is not clear what kinds of cor-
ruption are being tackled by the ACC
and there are varying forms of cor-
ruption to be found in Myanmar.
The World Bank and Transpar-
ency International define corruption
as “abuse of public power for private
gain”. On the other hand, according
to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s 1991 book
Freedom From Fear, “it is not power
that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing
power corrupts those who wield it
and fear of the scourge of power cor-
rupts those who are subject to it.”
No matter what description we
give it, the ACC needs to outline a
practical classification of corruption
and get to work prosecuting ofend-
ers if it is to gain the confidence of
both domestic and international
There are three anti-corruption
laws that can be employed: the Pe-
nal Code (1861), the Suppression of
Corruption Act (1948) and the Anti-
Corruption Law (2013) that was es-
pecially designed to protect people
from corrupt civil servants.
Corruption in Myanmar is pre-
cisely correlated to the quality of
governance, and due to the declin-
ing quality of governance in the
economy for many decades, corrup-
tion has skyrocketed since 1988.
It has a withering efect on busi-
ness, scaring of investors and slow-
ing down progress. No ethically
minded business firms willingly
invest in a corrupt economy, apart
from the resource extraction indus-
try as they have an absolute com-
parative advantage being so much
bigger and more powerful than any
company in Myanmar.
If Myanmar is to really crack
down on corruption it needs to see
the Tatmadaw withdraw from the
economy and politics altogether.
If the citizens of Myanmar pull
the Tatmadaw from the economy,
corruption in Myanmar will be re-
duced. Once governance in Myan-
mar is increased, corruption will
decrease and if the ACC is to really
have some bite, five changes need to
be made.
First, the ACC’s commissioners
must prioritise a people-centred
anti-corruption policy. They must
be involved in deciding what re-
forms need to be made to the ACC
and what its policy should be. If it
is to gain both the public’s and in-
vestors’ confidence the ACC needs
to work with multilateral agencies
and global banks to conduct an as-
set recovery program so that public
money stolen by former military
generals, particularly former dicta-
tor Than Shwe and his family, are
repaid to the state.
By applying Article 17 and Arti-
cle 23 of the UN Convention Against
Corruption the ACC should submit
a freeze order to the United Nations
and the World Bank and other agen-
cies in order to recover public as-
sets and money. Help should also be
sought from the International Cen-
tre for Asset Recovery and the World
Bank’s Asset Recovery Watch.
Second, while the economy en-
gages with globalised and increas-
ingly digitised world order Myan-
mar is also increasingly vulnerable
to outside influences beyond its
control. So the private sector, aid
agencies, foreign diplomats and
transnational actors should be addi-
tional targets of the anti-corruption
The Foreign Corrupt Practices
Act (1977) of the US, the Bribery Act
(2010) of the UK, and Switzerland’s
Restitution of Illicit Assets Act (2011)
are all legislative models that could
be examined and followed.
Third, the ACC should work with
Singapore’s CPIB (Corrupt Practices
Investigation Bureau) and Thailand’s
National Counter Corruption Com-
mission (NCCC) as they have been
tackling corruption for decades. My
suggestion is that this commission
works in four areas: investigation,
prevention, education and policy co-
A freedom of information law
should be passed and there should
be the right to check the state’s fi-
nancial assets. Activists and demo-
cratic politicians should encourage
an open-budget policy in the coun-
try, as there was no budget policy
in Myanmar for decades. The com-
mission should also work on how
to keep the budget and tax system
more transparent and accountable.
The state’s procurement processes,
how it allocates business licences
and aid transactions have to be
standardised and the accounting
system should be modernised. In
collaboration with the private sec-
tor and international agencies, the
ACC should educate the business
community about how to act in an
ethical manner.
And fourth, the ACC needs
the enough funding to get the
job done. And now, the ball is the
court of President U Thein Sein’s
Naing Ko Ko is a PhD student at the
Regulatory Institutions Network at
the College of Asia and the Pacific at
Australian National University.
Anti-Corruption Commission needs reform
If Myanmar is to
really crack down on
corruption it needs
to see the Tatmadaw
withdraw from the
economy and politics
President U Thein Sein addresses an ASEAN meeting in Nay Pyi Taw. Photo: AFP
MINGALAR market in Tarmwe
township is a
maze; the four floors of the whole-
sale emporium are packed with
clothes, fabric, toys, umbrellas,
shoes and other consumer goods.
There are more than 4000 stalls,
each measuring just five feet (1.5
metres) in width. The four elevators
in the building are normally full of
boxes shuttling up and down the
floors, so many customers instead
choose to ascend and descend on
The top level is home to more
than 400 stalls selling medical
products. Despite there being fewer
customers than on the lower floors,
this is the centre of a distribution
network for both legal and illegally
imported medicines that spans the
entire country.
Medicines for sale on this floor
come from wholesalers and what is
known as the “line market” – prod-
ucts without Food and Drug Admin-
istration (FDA) approval imported
illegally, said U Tun Aung, a shop
owner at the market. Some are even
brought into Myanmar on commer-
cial flights in passengers’ carry-on
The market, which was opened
in 1990, has come under increasing
scrutiny from the FDA, which works
closely with the Customs Depart-
ment, the Directorate of Trade and
the police to stem the trade in black
market medicines.
In 2013, after receiving com-
plaints from the public, the FDA
commissioned a survey that found
many illegally imported antibiotics
and malaria and urinary tract medi-
cines were being sold in Myanmar.
In 2014 police charged 15 busi-
ness owners who ran pharma-
cies in Yangon with selling illegal
And whilst the Mingalar Mar-
ket Development Committee said
no one had been prosecuted in the
market, the FDA point to 40 pros-
ecutions they made there in 2012,
saying it has been the main focus of
their investigations.
But despite that focus, FDA of-
cials concede that their eforts have
had little impact.
“We try to control the sale of il-
legal drugs at the market but we
cannot stop all of it. When we go
to these shops to inspect for illegal
medicines, store owners move their
stock before we come,” FDA director
Dr Theingi Zin told The Myanmar
She said the medicines are often
already approved for sale in foreign
countries but agents do not want to
spend the money to get them reg-
istered in Myanmar. In other cases
the medicines are fake or substand-
ard, which can cause more prob-
lems for those who take them.
It costs between US$700-800 to
register a medicine for three years
and so far 17,000 medicines have
been registered. It’s estimated that
around 20 percent of medicines are
illegally imported.
“These illegal medicines are not
safe for people because they may
be counterfeit or poor quality,” Dr
Theingi Zin said.
At best, the use of these prod-
Annco, Inc., a corporation organized and existing under the laws
of the State of Delaware, of 7 Times Square, New York, New York
10036, United States of America, is the Owner of the following
Trade Marks:-
Reg. No. 5604/2014
in respect of “Class 3: Bleaching preparations and other substances for
laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations;
soaps; perfumery; essential oils; cosmetics; hair lotions; dentifrices;
toiletries, bath and shower products, hand and body creams, lotions
and gels, nail polish, suntan preparations, sunscreen preparations,
makeup for lips, eyes and cheeks, make-up remover, cologne, eau
de toilette, fragrances, nail care preparations, non-medicated skin
care preparations, non-medicated lip care preparations, hair care
preparations, moisturizers. Class 9: Scientifc, nautical, surveying,
photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring,
signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus
and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting,
switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling
electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of
sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; compact
discs, DVDs and other digital recording media; mechanisms for
coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines,
data processing equipment, computers; computer sofware; fre-
extinguishing apparatus; sunglasses; eyeglasses; sunglass frames;
eyeglass frames; cases for eyeglasses; cases for sunglasses; eye glass
chains; eye glass cords; eyeglass and sunglass accessories; eyeglass
frames; downloadable electronic publications; luminous signs;
protective goggles; magnetic coded gif cards and electronic encoded
gif certifcates. Class 14: Precious metals and their alloys and goods
in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes;
Reg. No. 5608/2014
Reg. No. 5605/2014 Reg. No. 5606/2014
Reg. No.5607/2014
jewelry, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments;
parts for horological and chronometric instruments; watches; clocks;
watch straps; watch bands; watch fttings; electrical clocks; non-electric
clocks; electric watches; non-electric watches; pendant chains for
watches; bracelets for watches; cases for clocks; cases for watches.
Class 18: Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these
materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides; trunks
and travelling bags; umbrellas and parasols; walking sticks; whips,
harness and saddlery; bags, handbags, pocketbooks, shoulder bags,
evening handbags, cosmetics cases sold empty, wallets, bill folds,
key cases, coin purses, clutch purses, clutch bags, general purpose
bags, tote bags, roll bags, drawstring pouches, backpacks, sling bags,
briefcases, satchels, messenger bags, travel bags, dufe bags, credit
card cases, business card cases, belt bags. Class 25: Clothing; footwear;
headgear; suits; jackets (clothing); outerclothing; shirts; shirt yokes;
dresses; skirts; trousers; pants; T-shirts; vests; sweaters; body linen
(garments); pullovers; clothing of leather; clothing of imitations
of leather; swimsuits; beach clothes; underwear; jumper dresses;
pajamas; bath robes; children’s clothing; baby clothing; hosiery;
socks; tights; pantyhose; waterproof clothing; dance wear; gymnastic
shoes; gloves; scarves; belts (clothing); shower caps. Class 35:
Presentation of goods on communication media for retail purposes;
advertising; advertising by mail order; shop window dressing; business
management assistance; import and export agencies; sales promotion
for others; procurement services for others (purchasing goods and
services for other businesses); advertising; business management;
business administration; ofce functions; retail store services, mail
order catalogue services, online retail store services, all in relation to
clothing, footwear, headgear, clothing accessories, bags, handbags,
leather goods, backpacks, small leather accessories, wallets, sunglasses
and eyeglasses, eyewear, jewelry, watches, hair accessories, cosmetics,
toiletries, fragrances, bath products, personal care products, skin care
products, home furnishings, stationery, gifware; customer incentive,
reward and loyalty programs in connection with all the above; loyalty
card services including customer loyalty programs”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A.,H.G.P.,D.B.L.
for Annco, Inc.
P.O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 25 August 2014
14 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
Mingalar market, an illegal medicine cabinet
‘These illegal
medicines are not
safe for people
because they may
be counterfeit or
poor quality.’
Dr Theingi Zin
FDA director
The sprawling marketplace has become a pipeline for illegal medicine that flows into the country with little oversight or regulation from the government
A customer purchases medicine at a local pharmacy. Photo: Zarni Phyo
News 15 www.mmtimes.com
Mingalar market, an illegal medicine cabinet
ucts is unlikely to cure whatever
ailment the patient has, and at
worst they risk harming the pa-
“These medicines can cause drug
resistance, the patient will not feel
better and could have an allergy,”
said Dr Sid Naing, country direc-
tor of Marie Stopes International,
a health NGO. “Resistance to an-
tibiotics is particularly dangerous
for people who have tuberculosis or
The problems linked to the wide
availability of illegally imported
medicines are compounded by con-
sumer habits that see many people
take medicine unnecessarily or in-
correctly. Instead of visiting a doc-
tor, it is common to seek advice
from staf at pharmacies or even
grocery stores, who are usually not
trained to administer the medicines
they sell.
“This is a problem that many de-
veloping countries face,” Dr Sid Na-
ing said.
Ma Poe Poe, who works for a
medical distribution company and
lives in North Dagon township in
Yangon, said her mother still buys
medicine in Mingalar market when
she feels sick.
“If a customer tells the shop
owner their symptoms the seller
will give you medicine,” she said,
adding, “I don’t think it is safe to
take this medicine but my mother is
still buying it.”
The illegal medicines are popu-
lar simply because they are cheaper
than the registered imports, and are
generally imported from China, In-
dia or Thailand.
But U Myo Zaw, a pharmacy
owner from North Dagon township,
said that without illegally import-
ed pharmaceuticals some people
would not be able to aford medical
He cited the example of oral con-
traceptives. In the past year, ille-
gally imported contraceptives have
spread widely because the state-
produced contraceptive tablets are
in short supply.
“Government clinics give free
birth control pills to all women
and sell them for K500 in the mar-
ket. However, there are sometimes
shortages and the legal drugs cost
K2000 for one month’s supply,
which is too expensive for most
people,” he said. “So instead they
buy one that costs just K300 and
has come from China.”
U Myo Zaw sometimes buys il-
legally imported medicines from
Mingalar market and Bogyoke Aung
San market to stock in his shop but
said crackdowns by the authorities
are making it increasingly difcult
to find wholesalers.
“They have been selling these
illegal medicines for more than 10
years but nowadays the market is
down because it is too dangerous
for the wholesalers. But there is still
demand, so some keep selling,” he
When The Myanmar Times vis-
ited Mingalar Market and inquired
about the availability of illegally
imported drugs, stall owners said
they only sell them to regular,
longstanding customers. Newcom-
ers are unable to buy them be-
cause the wholesalers worry they
could be working undercover for
the police.
Mingalar Market Development
Committee chair Dr Saw Hla Tun
said the market’s management does
not allow shops to sell unregistered
medicines but conceded that the
practice is common.
And it’s clear to the authori-
ties and many consumers too that,
whilst there is a demand for cheap
medicine, the supply of illegal medi-
cines is unlikely to be stopped.
The sprawling marketplace has become a pipeline for illegal medicine that flows into the country with little oversight or regulation from the government
Yangon city residents gather near Inya Lake on a morning last week
to take part in a group excersise program.
BALD tyres have been blamed for a bus
crash on the Yangon-Mandalay highway
in which 17 people were injured, police
The crash occurred on August 20
in heavy rain when the 1pm JJ Ex-
press bus running from Nay Pyi Taw
to Mandalay overturned as the driver
attempted to brake for a turn between
the 221 and 222 mile posts.
Of the 29 people aboard, including
driver and the conductor, 12 men and
five women were taken to hospital in
Nay Pyi Taw, according to trafc police
ofcials. Four people were subsequently
discharged the same evening, said traf-
fic police chief Colonel Nay Win.
“It was raining at that time, and
the tyres of the bus were not good
enough. The vehicle was travelling at
80-100 kph [50-62mph] and turned
over when the driver braked on a turn.
We have no estimate for the cost of the
damage,” said Col Nay Win, adding
that drivers should exercise greater
care in rainy conditions.
Pan Tin highway trafc police have
charged the driver with three counts of
causing injury or grievous injury, and
speeding. – Pyae Thet Phyo, translation
by Thiri Min Htun
Bald tires
caused bus
to crash,
police say
16 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
The strange thing about many
fervently religious people is that they
love to kill and persecute each other.
That anyone can murder an inno-
cent fellow human-being simply be-
cause they belong to a diferent faith
is incomprehensible, but that appears
to be the world we live in today at
many other times in history.
The signs are everywhere in this
region, from Rakhine to Pattani, from
Aceh to Mindanao, from Pleiku to
Consider last week’s news that
religious radicals, who had been plan-
ning attacks in Malaysia, were part of
a wider campaign to create an Islamic
Caliphate encompassing the whole
This militant group had been
raising funds on the internet to go to
Syria to learn from the radical Islamic
State [IS] army.
They planned “a campaign of
violence and armed struggle, and
to die as martyrs”, said Ayob Khan
Mydin, the deputy chief of Malaysia’s
counter-terrorism unit.
Around 30 Malaysians have al-
ready gone to Syria to fight alongside
their IS brothers, although the figure
could be “a lot higher”, said Ayob.
It is profoundly disturbing and
very likely to get much worse if the
current signs are any indication.
Consider other incidents in
Malaysia, a supposedly moderate
Muslim-majority country and an
alleged democracy in which there
is religious tolerance and respect
for difering political and social
Yes, we know that is baloney, but
still it was a shock to learn that this
month, in Penang, a schoolboy had
his life turned upside down because
he posted a pro-Israel comment on
the internet.
When browsing, the 17-year-old
had seen an “I love Israel” Facebook
entry, checked it out and then regis-
tered a “like” for the page.
The boy’s innocent action was
noted by, among countless others, a
teacher at his school.
Clearly imbued with a tolerant
mind and a desire to encourage her
pupils to take an interest in current
afairs, she captured what he had
done and circulated it to all and
sundry, with appropriate comments
seemingly lifted from the Spanish
A similarly broad-minded fellow
teacher then went a step further and
posted a suitably pious message that
read, “We’ll just burn him, hahaha.”
In some ways, the ofcial reaction
was even worse. The boy was hauled
in by the police and interrogated. “We
are investigating him under Section 4
(1) (a) of the Sedition Act,” said Pen-
ang police chief Rahim Hanafi.
Currently, Malaysia is grappling
with the loss of MH370 and the shoot-
ing down of MH17, as well as terrorist
incursions in Sabah and radicals
going of to join the IS in Syria; yet
top cop Rahim can still find time to
persecute a young boy over a web
We must take into account that
Malaysians, as directed by their
pro-Palestinian government, are
inculcated from an early age to take
a strongly negative attitude towards
That default position has been
exacerbated by the recent conflict
in Gaza, where close to 2000 people
have died, most of them Palestinian
Indeed, many people outside
Malaysia, including non-Muslims,
adopt a similar attitude and have
been fiercely critical of Israel’s mili-
tary ofensive, as have many Israelis
But to use that as an excuse for
the vicious persecution of a school-
boy for expressing a contrary view is
Thankfully, there were some sane
responses and eventually the teacher
herself was reprimanded.
Meanwhile, the boy has deactivat-
ed his Facebook account. “He is now
living in fear for liking the page,” said
police chief Rahim.
Penangis regarded as Malaysia’s
most liberal state, but try telling that
to a group of adult fun-seekers who
organised a nudist sports festival this
month on a secluded beach.
There were only a dozen par-
ticipants and no one else, let alone
any pious Malays, had their spotless
minds tainted by the sight of a fig-
leaf removed; but unfortunately, the
rompsters made a video and again
Facebook led to their downfall.
Five are in custody and the district
police chief Lai Fah Hin said, “We are
still looking for another seven people,
including some from Myanmar and
the Philippines.”
While all this censorious nonsense
was going on, other Muslim groups
in Malaysia began campaigning to
boycott Starbucks, HSBC, McDonald’s,
Coca-Cola and Nestlé, because of their
alleged support for Israel.
And over in Brunei, sharia law is
being introduced, which means that
those frolicking nudie men might be
beheaded and the women, nakedly
gambolling with men who are not
their husbands, could be stoned to
In Indonesia’s Aceh province,
women can now only ride side-saddle
on motorbikes because straddling
the seat is deemed to generate lewd
thoughts in otherwise pure and
peace-loving Muslim males.
There is no way to rationally argue
against this madness. All that can be
done is to expose and ridicule it – or
try to turn it to one’s advantage.
Not long ago in Bangkok, Osama
bin Laden t-shirts were popular
among trendy contrarians. One could
perhaps argue they were no more
ofensive than those emblazoned with
George W Bush’s face.
Having been assigned to report
on the violence in the Malaysia-Thai
border area at that time, I bought one
and discreetly wore it when seeking
out Muslim insurgents.
It worked well for that purpose,
but afterwards, feeling rather shabby,
I threw the damn thing away.
You see, this is the real horror. In
trying to come to terms and survive
among all this lethal religious non-
sense, one begins to act like a fascist.
Is Islamic extremism on
the rise in the region?
There is no way
to rationally
argue against this
madness. All that
can be done is to
expose and
ridicule it.
Malaysian police officers show portraits of people allegedly involved in a nudist sports festival, during a press conference
in Penang on August 8. Photo: AFP
Johnson & Johnson, a corporation incorporated in the United
States of America, of One Johnson & Johnson Plaza, New
Brunswick, New Jersey, 08933 U.S.A., is the Owner of the following
Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 10761/2013
in respect of “Class 05: Human pharmaceutical preparations”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
for Johnson & Johnson
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 25 August 2014
Helsinn Healthcare SA, a company organized under the laws
of Switzerland carrying on business as the above and having
its principal office at Via Pian Scairolo 9, CH-6912 Lugano,
Switzerland, is the owner and sole proprietor of the following
Trademarks : -
Myanmar Registration
Number. 4/9832/2013
Myanmar Registration
Number. 4/14875/2013
Used in respect of :-
“Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations
for medical purposes; food and dietetic substances adapted for
medical or veterinary use, food for babies; supplements food for
humans and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material
for stopping teeth, dental wax, disinfectants, preparations for
destroying animals harmful fungicides, herbicides” in International
Class 5.
Any unauthorised use, imitation, infringements or fraudulent
intentions of the above marks will be dealt with according to law.
Tin Ohnmar Tun, Tin Tiri Aung & Te Law Chambers
(For. Ella Cheong LLC, Singapore)
Dated: 25
August, 2014
PIERRE FABRE PHARMA AG, a company registered under the
laws of Switzerland, which is located at Hegenheimermattweg 183-
CH-4123 Allschwil-Swizerland, is the sole owner of the following
Reg. Nos. 1389/1997; 4480/2000; 9555/2014; 9557/2014
In respect of Class 5: Pharmaceutical preparations useful in the
treatment of calcic defciencies and osteoporosis.
PIERRE FABRE PHARMA AG claims the trademark right and
other relevant Intellectual Property right for the mark as mentioned
above. PIERRE FABRE PHARMA AG reserves the rights to take
legal measures against any infringer who violates its Intellectual
Property or other legal rights in accordance with the concerned
laws the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
U Kyi Naing, LL.B., LL.M., (H.G.P.)
Tilleke & Gibbins Myanmar Ltd.
No. 1703A, 17
Floor, Sakura Tower,
339 Bogyoke Aung San Road,
Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar
Email address: myanmar@tilleke.com
Dated: 25
August, 2014
News 17 www.mmtimes.com
HIGH in the hills of Myanmar’s war-
torn borderlands, a clutch of new lep-
rosy cases among communities virtu-
ally cut of from medical help is a sign
that the country’s battle with the an-
cient disease is far from over.
It took six days by plane, boat, mo-
torcycle, bus – and an arduous moun-
tain trek – for a group of medical
workers to treat two leprosy patients
in a remote corner of the country,
where conflict and neglect are the
legacy of decades of military rule and
even access to basic medicines is a dis-
tant dream.
But the charity-funded medics
were also on the lookout for evidence
that the disease had spread.
They soon found three more lep-
rosy suferers, including one man who
had such a severe case he required
hospital care.
“I promised him that I would come
back for him or I would send someone
to pick him up,” said Dr Saw Hsar Mu
Lar, after the May expedition, as he
returned to his hospital in Mawlamya-
ing, Mon state – one of only two spe-
cialising in leprosy in Myanmar.
Weeks later the patient was still
waiting to travel as tensions between
the Myanmar army and local rebels
closed transportation routes.
Myanmar reached so-called “elimi-
nation” status for leprosy in 2003
– meaning less than one person per
10,000 has the illness.
But there are still around 3000
new cases found each year and medi-
cal workers warn that the debilitating
disease could be on the rise once more
as the country’s creaking healthcare
system fails to reach those at risk.
Decades of civil war in ethnic re-
gions have also left vast swathes of its
border areas cut of from all but the
most basic medical help, meaning the
disease could be passing undetected.
“There can be pocket areas, hidden
areas,” Dr Saw Hsar Mu Lar told AFP.
“We have to tell the world that it’s
not finished yet.”
Leprosy is one of the world’s oldest
– and most feared – diseases.
The bacteria afects the skin and
deadens the nerves, meaning suferers
are prone to injure themselves, which
results in ulcers and can lead to limb
loss. Symptoms can take as long as 20
years to appear.
It is not particularly infectious,
passing only through close contact
over long periods, and modern medi-
cine is able to cure patients relatively
But Myanmar has one of the world’s
least developed medical systems.
State health workers are techni-
cally in charge of outreach and aid
groups are banned from conducting
leprosy awareness campaigns or look-
ing for new patients – although they
can treat people they find through der-
matology clinics and during follow-up
field trips.
The respected local aid group that
organised the border expedition asked
AFP not to give specific details of their
work fearing that it could jeopardise
future missions.
Dr Saw Hsar Mu Lar’s Mawlamyine
Christian Leprosy Hospital, with its
bright, simple wards, trained staf and
plentiful supply of drugs, is a medical
haven – funded mainly by internation-
al donations.
Most of the patients AFP met were
farmers or had turned to begging to
make ends meet.
“We had no medicine at our vil-
lage even though we had a clinic,” said
40-year-old Mu Hai, who had trav-
elled from western Rakhine State for
The hospital’s matron, Ni Ni Thein,
is worried. In 2011 they saw 58 new
leprosy cases, but that rose to 62 in
2012 and 68 last year.
“Now cases are increasing ... the
complication rate is increasing,” she
said, adding that the age range for the
disease had also appeared to have wid-
ened, with one four-year-old treated
this year.The fight to stop leprosy has
been a major international success,
with around 16 million people cured
by multi-drug therapy (MDT) medi-
cine in the last two decades.
However experts warn against
Myanmar is one of 18 countries
that together account for almost all
new cases of the disease.
The number of new cases it finds
annually is dwarfed by its populous
neighbour India, where there were
some 127,000 new patients identified
in 2011 according to World Health Or-
ganisation figures.
But while India managed an over
50 percent reduction between 2004
and 2011, Myanmar struggled to re-
duce its new incidences by 18 per-
The WHO’s goodwill ambassador
on leprosy, Yohei Sasakawa, said stag-
nation in Myanmar’s new case num-
bers over several years could indicate
authorities are not doing enough to
root out the disease.
One problem is that the numbers
afected seem small compared to other
health challenges like HIV, tuberculo-
sis and malaria.
Even if patients are cured, many
around the world still fall victim to the
stigma that clings to the disease, end-
ing up living in segregated colonies.
Public vilification dates back over
2000 years.
The Bible says of leprosy suferers:
“he is unclean: he shall dwell alone.”
U Saw Roger was chased out of his
village when he started to show signs
of leprosy aged 18 in the 1950s.
“I lived only with the animals in
the jungle and I was frightened. I used
to go into my village under the moon-
light and I took rice and fish paste be-
fore going back into the dark forest,”
the 76-year-old told AFP.
After two years sleeping in the
woods, he was found by missionaries
and taken to the Mawlamyaing hospi-
U Saw Roger, whose legs, left hand
and eye have been ravaged by the dis-
ease, has found sanctuary there ever
Passing the time reading and lead-
ing the church choir, he said he has
found happiness despite a lifetime of
travails caused by the illness.
“I can continued to look forward,”
he said. – AFP
A patient sits on a bed at the Mawlamyine Christian Leprosy Hospital. Photo: AFP
Leprosy sufferers struggle in Mon State
brokerage” – Class 36. “Building construction; repair;
installation services including related consultancy;
maintenance, repair and preservation work, and installation
work, in particular for industrial plants; installation, setting
up, maintenance and repair of computer hardware and ofce
equipment; maintenance of computers and computer
networks; installation, maintenance, repair and interference
suppression of machines and electrical apparatus and
systems; installation and maintenance of oil lines;
underwater construction” – Class 37. “Telecommunications;
data transmission, in particular via global computer
networks; provision of access to computer data banks;
provision of access to global computer networks; collection
and delivery of messages; message sending; electronic
messaging services; communication through networks” –
Class 38. “Transport, in particular transports logistics;
distribution of energy and electricity; distribution of water
and gas; packaging and storage of goods; delivery of goods;
loading; storage of goods; unloading of freight; pipeline
consignments; freight forwarding; transportation and
storage of refuse; transportation; delivery; organization of
journeys; distribution and transmission of electricity” –
Class 39. “Treatment of materials; generation of energy;
generation of alternative energy; waste processing; oil
processing; air conditioning; air purification; air
improvement; metal working; refuse and waste recycling;
paper treatment; refining; water treatment; leasing of
generators; treatment of tissues and textiles” – Class 40.
“Education; training; entertainment; sporting and cultural
activities: instruction; organization and conducting of
seminars; sponsorship” – Class 41. “Providing of food and
drink; temporary accommodation; medical, hygienic and
beauty care; veterinary and agricultural services; legal
services; scientific and industrial research; computer
programming; services that cannot be classifed in other
classes; provision of computer programs on data networks,
in particular on the Internet and the worldwide web;
technical information regarding the use of computers,
computer hardware, computer software and computer
networks online from a computer database or via computer
networks; leasing of computer access times; licensing of
industrial property rights; material testing; utilization of
patents; drawing up of image reports; industrial design
services; packaging design services; printing; quality
assessment; underwater research; maintenance of computer
software; recovery of computer data; environmental
protection consultancy; professional consultancy; design of
computer software; sorting of refuse and recyclable
materials; leasing of sanitary installations; leasing of access
time to databases; network engineering services; scientifc
and industrial research in the feld of network technology;
production of programs for data processing; updating of
computer sofware; performance of chemical analyses;
analyses for oil extraction; performance of exploratory
drilling operations for oil; monitoring oil wells; environmental
protection consultancy; production of analyses for oil
extraction; drawing up of expert reports about oil presence;
construction consultancy; architectural services; leasing of
transportable structures; consultancy in the feld of safety;
physical research; research in the field of chemistry;
pharmaceutical consultancy; services of a physicist;
computer consultancy services; recovery of computer data;
computer system analyses; development and investigation
services with respect to new products; research in the feld
of engineering and machine construction; drawing up of
technical expert reports; engineering work including
engineering consultancy; construction planning; technical
project planning and associated consultancy; leasing of
software and data processing equipment; software
development; building, repair and installation work
consultancy services; engineering services” – Class 42.
Any unauthorized use, infringement or fraudulent imitation
whatsoever of the said trademarks will be dealt with
according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
Solicitors, Patent Attorneys and
Trade Mark Attorneys,
Hong Kong)
P.O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 25
August, 2014
ABB ASEA BROWN BOVERI LTD. a Swiss corporation
and having its registered ofce at Afolternstrasse 44, CH-
8050, Switzerland, is the Sole and Exclusive Owner and
Proprietor of the following trademarks:-
(Reg. No.IV/814/2002)
(Reg. No.IV/815/2002)
(Reg. No.IV/816/2002)
In respect of:- “Chemicals used in industry, science and
photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and
forestry; unprocessed artifcial resins, unprocessed plastics;
manures; fre extinguishing compositions; tempering and
soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving
foodstufs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry;
catalysts” – Class 1. “Industrial oils and greases; lubricants;
dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels
(including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles, wicks”
– Class 4. “Common metals and their alloys; metal
components and building materials; transportable buildings
of metal; buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway
tracks; non electric cables and wires of common metals;
ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes
of metal; pipes and tubes of any type together with metal
parts thereof; safes; goods of common metal not included
in other classes; metal conveyor pallets; metal load pallets;
metal sleeves; metal valves or slides; pipe junction parts of
metal” – Class 6. “Machines and machine tools and parts
thereof, including automated machines and machine tools
and parts thereof; motors and engines (except for land
vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components
(except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other
than hand-operated; electric generators; conveyors and
transportation equipment; conveyor apparatus; conveyor
belts and tapes; pneumatic conveyors; hoisting machines;
controlling devices for machines or engines; drives;
hydraulic drives for machines and engines; hydraulic motors;
robots; turbochargers; pumps; compressors; mills; wind-
driven generators” – Class 7. “Hand tools and implements
(hand-operated); cutlery; razors” – Class 8. “Scientifc,
nautical, surveying, electric, photographic, cinematographic,
optical, weighing, measuring, analysis, display, signaling and
checking (supervision) apparatus and instruments and
equipment including parts for all the aforementioned
products, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments;
compact discs; electronic publications; apparatus for
recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images;
data-processing equipment and computers; microprocessors;
computer sofware; lasers; loaders for electric accumulators;
time switches (not for clocks); capacitors; electrical
collectors; electrical clamps; electric cables, lines and wires;
accumulator boxes and junction boxes; cable core sheath
for electrical cables and cable core threads for electric cables;
cable ducts; inductors; magnetic data carriers;
semiconductors; electronic and electrical apparatus;
apparatus and instruments including parts thereof for the
generation, distribution and supply of energy, in particular
of alternative energy; fuel cells; recording disks; automatic
vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated
apparatus; cash registers; calculating machines; data
processing equipment and computers; fre-extinguishing
apparatus; electronic, magnetic and optical memories, foppy
disks, magnetic disks, optical disks; data protection
equipment; computer peripheral devices; converters;
rectifers; static converters; electrical connection parts; plain
couplers; electrical transistors, thyristors, diodes; power
semiconductor components; electrical transformers;
electrical resistors; distribution panels and manifold
cabinets; batteries; integrated circuits (chips); printed-
circuit boards; computer operating program; diagnostic
apparatus (not for medical purposes); supervisory control
equipment; suppressors; memories for data-processing
equipment; control boards and consoles; switches; electric
relays; modems; electric line pipes; connecting parts for
electric lines; voltage regulators; sensors; fuses; switch panels;
voltmeter; counter; circuit breakers; measuring instrument
and metering valves; control devices; control and information
systems; switchgear assemblies; high-voltage switchgear
assemblies; low-voltage switchgear assemblies; overhead
power high voltage DC transmission lines; power high voltage
DC transmission assemblies; power cables; transformers,
reactors and components and insulation materials relating
thereto; distribution transformers; power distribution
products, in particular medium-voltage switchgear and
prefabricated systems; power circuit breakers; receptacle
outlets; solar cells” – Class 9. “Apparatus for lighting purposes,
and apparatus for heating, refrigerating and ventilating
purposes, including ventilators, sanitation units; ventilation
and air conditioning units; apparatus for steam generating,
cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary
purposes; refneries and petrochemical plants; underwater
oil production plant; solar collectors; heat pumps; stoves” –
Class 11. “Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or
water; controlling devices for land, air, water and rail vehicles;
apparatus and machinery for aeronautics; marine propulsion
systems; drive machines for land, air, water and rail vehicles”
– Class 12. “Paper, cardboard and goods made from these
materials not included in other classes; printed matter
including pamphlets, brochures, manuals, technical literature;
bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for
stationery or household purposes; artist’s materials; paint
brushes; typewriters and ofce requisites (except furniture);
instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic
materials for packaging (not included in other classes); playing
cards; printers type; printing blocks” – Class 16. “Rubber,
gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these
materials and not included in other classes; plastics in
extruded form for use in manufacture; synthetic fbers, not
for textiles purposes; packing, stopping and insulating
materials; insulators; insulating materials; foamed materials;
fexible pipes; not for metal; acoustic insulation materials; pipe
junction parts, not of metal” – Class 17. “Building materials
(non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and
bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments,
not of metal” – Class 19. “Furniture, mirrors, picture frames;
goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane,
wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-
of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials,
or of plastics; transportation and conveyor pallets, not of metal;
valves or slides, not of metal; plain couplers, not of metal” –
Class 20. “Clothing, footwear, headgear” – Class 25.
“Advertising; public relations; distribution of advertisements;
business management, business management consultancy
services; information in business matters; consultancy for the
organization and running of companies; market research;
television advertising; publication of advertising copy;
marketing; distribution of advertising materials; file
management by computer; system definition of data in
computer databases; compilation of data in computer
databases; information in business matters; sales promotion;
business administration; ofce functions; cost-price analysis;
business advisory services; personnel management
consultancy; business management and organization
consultancy; business investigations; business relocation
services; business valuation services; economic forecasts;
drawing up and publication of statistics; assistance to
commercial or industrial frms in the conduct of their business;
business surveys; business research; business organization
consultancy services; bookkeeping services; business
management resource planning; advice on business economics;
provision of trade and business information; operation of an
import / export agency; opinion polling; organization of
exhibitions and trade fairs for economic; scientific and
advertising purposes” – Class 35. “Insurance; fnancial afairs
including asset management and investment activities;
monetary affairs; financial consultancy; project finance;
financial analyses; clearing transactions; debt collection
agencies; banking activities; fnancing operations; investments;
leasing; insurance, and insurance advisory services; real-estate
afairs and the consultancy services relating thereto; advisory
services relating to project and export finance and for
compensation activities; project guarantee and debt fnance
consultancy services; planning and share financing of
infrastructure projects; asset backing; classical reinsurance;
fnancial insurance and fnancial reinsurance, and insurance
News 19 www.mmtimes.com
THE flooding started on August 3, the
result of several days of heavy rain that
crashed down virtually nonstop over
the upper reaches of the Bago River as
strong winds drove dark clouds across
the sky.
Near the town of Bago, the deluge
raised the level of the river beyond the
danger point, eventually sending the
water over the banks and inundating
nearby homes.
While the flooding displaced thou-
sands of people, the disaster was par-
ticularly tragic for 40-year-old Ko Min
Aung and his family, residents of the
200-household farming village of Kwei
Den Shay.
“I didn’t notice when she climbed
down the ladder from our house,” said
Ko Min Aung, speaking about his two-
year-old daughter who was the young-
est of his four children.
“She could walk well,” Ko Min
Aung’s wife added.
On the morning of August 8, the
child had been sleeping in a ham-
mock inside the house. Thinking she
was safe, both parents took morning
naps. But the girl awoke and climbed
down the ladder to ground level just
as floodwater swept under the stilted
Ko Min Aung and his wife later
found the child floating dead in the
water, clinging to a fence at the corner
of compound.
“It was just 15 minutes that we
didn’t care for her,” Ko Min Aung said
To make matters worse, the high
water prevented the couple from bury-
ing their daughter. Instead, they had
to cremate her body on a small mound
near the village.
Ko Min Aung said the river floods
their village to a lesser or greater ex-
tent nearly every year, but they have
never received help from aid groups.
Many people temporarily stay in mon-
asteries or move in with relatives in
other towns.
“I’ve had to stop my job for awhile
during the flooding, so I’ve had no
earnings for a week,” said Ko Min
Aung, who works as a motorcycle taxi
driver carrying passengers to Bago.
Government weather forecasts had
warned of heavier-than-normal rain-
fall in Yangon and Bago regions, as
well as Kachin, Rakhine, Mon and Ka-
ren states. The Ngon, Sittaung, Bago
and Shwe Kyin rivers were expected
to reach flood level in the first week
of August.
The Bago River and the Mon State
sector of the Sittaung River both
started overflowing on August 3, dis-
placing thousands of people and in-
undating hundreds of acres of farm-
land where crops had already been
U Aung Toe, a 60-year-old farmer
from Kum Paung village in Bago town-
ship, said the high water destroyed all
the crops on his eight acres of land.
“It will take me two years of grow-
ing crops to make back the capital I’ve
lost from this flood,” he said.
According to the Agriculture De-
partment in Nay Pyi Taw, more than
130,000 acres of land were flooded
in Bago Region when the river over-
flowed its banks on August 3.
The department’s director, U Aye
Ko, said on August 11 that some of the
water had receded but 48,000 acres
were still flooded in Bago Region.
He said the Union government had
already directed the regional govern-
ment to help those who had sufered
from the flooding, but added, “The
implementation process can only start
after the flooding is completely down.”
U Than Htike, 50, a farmer from
Ktyeik Kay village, said the govern-
ment has never helped people who
have sufered losses from flooding.
Monsoon-season flooding is not
unusual in some areas of Bago Region.
Last year, farmers were happy that the
river never overflowed.
“But this year the rain was heavy
in the upper part of the Bago River, so
the authorities opened up the sluice
gate of the Zaung-Tu Dam when the
water reached dangerous levels in
the reservoir behind the dam,” said U
Aung Toe.
Zaung-Tu dam was built on the up-
per reaches of the river by the military
government in 1994.
U Ohm, vice chair of Forest Re-
sources Environmental Develop-
ment and Conservation Association
(FREDA), said the government has
no budget or plan to preserve forests
when they build dams.
“So the forest areas are submerged
and the weather changes for the
worse,” he said. “These disasters will
be continuous because of the gov-
ernment’s poor management of the
Until these problems are corrected,
farmers in the region will continue to
worry about flooding every time they
hear about heavy rain on the upper
reaches of the Bago River.
“Whenever such flooding occurs, I
know I’ll lose my crops,” said U Aung
Many villagers also worry about
the integrity of their homes. As farm-
ers, they don’t earn enough money to
build stronger houses.
“I have to be careful about the
water level because my house is very
weak,” U Than Htike said.
For now the monsoon rain con-
tinues to fall, although not nearly as
heavily as earlier in the month.
The water level has receded, but
in some areas villagers must still get
around in small boats along roads that
normally see bullock cart and motor-
cycle trafc. Cows have trouble finding
places to graze because most of the
grass is covered in mud.
The local farmers are thinking
about how they can restart work on
their recently flooded land. But for
Ko Min Aung and his family, the main
concern is organising a donation cer-
emony for their young daughter who
was lost to the torrent beneath their
Rising river changes lives in Bago
‘I didn’t notice when
she climbed down
the ladder from our
Ko Min Aung
Residents ride a truck through flood waters in Bago on August 8. Photo: AFP
A traffic police continues work in Bago on August 8 despite flooding. Photo: AFP
A family grieves after swift moving floodwaters sweep away their two-year-old child and farmers count their losses after fields are submerged
20 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
to climb
A PORTION of entrance fees collect-
ed from tourists visiting Inle Lake is
being put toward the formation of a
foundation that will help educate poor
students from communities around
the lake.
U Win Myint, Shan State Minis-
ter for Intha Afairs, announced on
August 15 that K30 million collected
from Inle Lake visitors would be put
toward the establishment of the Shan
Pyi foundation, which will support
students who are attending university
in southern Shan State.
The foundation has been named in
honour of Shan Pyi, also known as U
Tin E, a Shan leader who was a sig-
natory of the Panglong Agreement. U
Win Myint added that he is still wait-
ing on confirmation from U Tin E’s
family to use his nickname for the
“U Tin E distinguished himself as a
civil servant, but kept his philanthrop-
ic work from politics. The foundation
is to honour him and in doing so we
will not accept donations from politi-
cal parties directly or indirectly. There
will also be a restriction to ensure that
executive members of the foundation
are not civil servants or politicians. We
don’t want the foundation to carry a
black shadow,” U Win Myint said.
The 24-member foundation will
support two economically disadvan-
taged students who cannot aford to
attend university. The students will be
selected based on economic status, the
type of university they wish to attend,
their ethnicity and how long they have
resided in Shan State.
Inle fees to fund university for two students
AN INTREPID team of moun-
taineers is climbing what is be-
lieved to be the country’s high-
est peak, Mt Hkakaborazi in
Kachin State. Members of the
University Hiking and Moun-
taineering Association (YHMA)
left base camp on August 20
and are now high up the slopes,
announced YHMA chair U Myo
“The base camp is part-way
up the mountain, at 13,700 feet.
Eight climbers left today to
reach camp 1, the first of four
camps between them and the
peak. Six climbers will remain
in the camp at 16,000 ft, while
the remaining two will com-
plete the ascent,” he said.
Access to the peak, meas-
ured in 1924 at 19,296 ft (5881
metres), the highest in Myan-
mar, is difcult and restricted,
he said.
U Myo Thant said the team,
which reports daily, are all fine
and there appears to be no
threat of extreme weather. “The
team is moving as scheduled so
far,” he said.
At a press conference in
Yangon earlier this month,
team members said they had
chosen the best time to avoid
The all-male team, whose
members are aged between 24
and 33, plans to reach the top
of Mt Hkakaborazi by the end
of August before returning to
Yangon next month. They will
plant the national flag at the
summit and measure its height
using GPS equipment.
The mountain was first
climbed in 1996 by Japan’s
Takashi Ozaki and Myanmar
national Nyima Gyaltsen. Mr
Ozaki died in 2011 while at-
tempting to reach the peak of
Mt Everest in Nepal.
The trip is being supported
by the Premier Cofee Company
and Kanbawza Bank.
A MYANMAR man undergoing testing
for the Ebola virus has been identified
by health ofcials as 22-year-old U
Zaw Min Oo.
He was admitted to hospital in
Yangon for testing after arriving home
from Africa via Bangkok on the night
of August 19. According to the Center
for Disease Control, he has shown dra-
matic improvement since being admit-
ted and is receiving treatment for ma-
laria. The results of his Ebola test have
not yet been received.
U Zaw Min was transported from
Yangon International Airport to Wai-
bargi Hospital in North Okkalapa
township and placed in isolation. He
had spent the previous 13 months
working in Guinea and Liberia, two
countries hit hardest by the ongoing
Ebola outbreak.
“He arrived at the airport with
a fever and had lost consciousness
while he was travelling,” said Dr Toe
Thiri Zaw, assistant director of disease
control at the Ministry of Health, on
August 20.
“Now he and four people other peo-
ple he was travelling with have been
put into isolation and are receiving
treatment,” she said.
Blood samples have been sent to
a World Health Organisation-recog-
nised laboratory in India for testing.
Myanmar lacks such a facility.
Dr Toe Thiri Zaw said that it would
take three to four days for results to
be received.
The Ministry of Health has placed
digital thermometers at Yangon
international airport, as well as sea-
ports and 14 land border crossings,
to scan travellers who display signs
of fever, one of the main symptoms of
The global death toll from hemor-
rhagic disease has killed 1350 people
since March in Guinea, Liberia, Nige-
ria and Sierra Leone as of August 22.
Myanmar man tested for Ebola
shows signs of improvement
News 21 www.mmtimes.com
SENIOR members of the UK’s de-
velopment program outlined their
plans to provide technical and finan-
cial support for the national elec-
tions in 2015, while also acknowl-
edging that there are “significant
risks” to ensuring the process is free
and fair.
“Our sense is that Burma has a
great opportunity in 2015, and it’s
the best opportunity to have cred-
ible elections in the last 50 years,”
said Peter McDermott, deputy head
of mission for Department for In-
ternational Development (DFID) in
Yangon said last week. “However, we
recognize there are significant risks
for that process.”
According to Mr McDermott,
challenges include both local prob-
lems, like safely conducting a vote
in violence-prone areas like Kachin
and Rakhine states, and national
problems like the lack of electoral
processes and systems that meet in-
ternational standards.
DFID’s approach will be to split
their resources between two main
areas: working with the government
agencies on training and capacity
building, and working with civil so-
ciety groups on how to efectively
monitor and observe the process.
The ambitious election program
is being made possible by a signifi-
cant rise in DFID Burma’s budget
for the next year, which will increase
from US$100 million this year to
$13.6 million for the 2015-2016 year.
“By supporting better electoral
systems, educating voters, support-
ing local groups, by bringing in in-
ternational observation, we think
that increases the likelihood of a
credible election,” said Mr. McDer-
“We’re still working out our pre-
cise budgets, but I predict we will
spend 3 to 4 million pounds … be-
tween now and the elections in 2015.”
The work on the election is part
of a five-year democracy program
that DFID will begin in 2015, which
also includes training and capacity
building in parliament and among
opposition groups.
“The elections are very impor-
tant, but they are a stage in a pro-
cess, coming from a military regime
just a few years ago, it will take
some for democratic processes to re-
ally take root, this is why we have a
program for five years, because we
recognize that this is a long process.”
When asked if a corrupt or oth-
erwise non-credible election could
afect further budgets or coopera-
tion with the government, Mr. Gavin
McGillivray declined to speculate.
“I’m not going to predict long
term,” he said.
UK to support vote
but highlights “risks”
‘Our sense is that
Burma has a great
opportunity in
Peter McDermott
DFID deputy head of mission
Peter McDermott (centre) speaks to journalists on August 22 in Yangon. Photo: Zarni Phyo
TRADITIONAL ethnic dances should
not be used to advertise businesses or
entertain restaurant customers, cul-
tural authorities in Yangon warned last
week following performance of a Rakh-
ine dance in a telecoms promotion.
The Rakhine Literature and Culture
Association’s Yangon branch issued a
statement criticising the way the Ra-
khine traditional Buddha Pujaniya oil
lamp dances are now being performed
at business events and restaurants af-
ter the dance was used at an Ooredoo
launch event.
Association chair Daw Khin Saw
Tint said the oil lamp dance had been
invented to pay homage the Three
Gems: Buddha, dhamma (Buddhist
doctrine) and the Sangha (the monk-
hood) in accordance with the traditions
of Theravada Buddhism, and was not
meant for festivities and restaurants.
She said in the dance performed at
an Ooredoo event on August 14 in Nay
Pyi Taw the costumes used by perform-
ers and the style of dance difered from
the traditional style.
Public relations manager for Oore-
doo Myanmar, Ma Thiri Kyar Nyo, said
that the company had explained to the
Rakhine Literature and Culture Associ-
ation that they used the dance to high-
light Myanmar culture and that there
was no issue.
The association says the dance is an
historical element of Rakhine culture
and should be performed only after
permission is granted by the Yangon
Region Government, Rakhine Ethnic
Afairs Minister or any relevant Rakh-
ine cultural association.
“We understand that foreigners
are interested in watching ethnic tra-
ditional dances. We issued the state-
ment to encourage people to respect
the dancing style, which should reflect
deep reverence and belief in religion,”
she said.
U Soe Thein, chair of Mon Litera-
ture and Culture, agreed.
“Citizens have the right to practise
ethnic literature and culture freely but
they should ensure that their actions
do not lead to cultural damage or in-
sult, especially towards religion and
culture,” he said noting that traditional
cultures are protected under the 2008
constitution. – Translation By Thiri
Min Htun
Ooredoo’s Rakhine
dance comes under fre
THE MINISTER for Livestock, Fish-
eries and Rural Development said
last week that a new complaints
mechanism aimed at encouraging
the public in rural areas to speak out
when they face issues has collected
nearly 300 submissions since being
“By allowing the public to speak
out when they are unhappy, we cre-
ate a good environment that helps
ofcials work well if they cooperate
with and satisfy the needs of the
public,” Minister U Ohn Myint told
a meeting of government ofcials
who are working on the plan last
Around 400 villages in Kanpatlat
township in Chin State, Nahmsam
township in Shan State and Kyuntsu
township in Tanintharyi Region are
taking part in the project, which is a
piece of a larger World Bank initia-
tive to provide technical assistance
to villagers over six years.
Villagers are urged to file
complaints when they see areas in
their communities that need im-
provement. Of the 267 complaints
received so far, 229 issues have been
resolved, the minister said.
According to the World Bank, the
project “is supporting communities
by having them identify and imple-
ment investments they need most”
such as roads, bridges, schools and
health clinics. It says it plans to scale
up to 3000 villages in 15 townships
across the country in the next two
A World Bank budget ranging
from K18million to K30.6 million
has been allocated to each village via
the Livestock, Fisheries and Rural
Development ministry.
U Ohn Myint said the plan also
promotes transparency of govern-
ment spending with the resolutions
of complaints so far made being pub-
licly displayed on bulletin boards in
the three townships.
“The plan fulfils the basic needs
of the public in far, remote areas,” he
– Translation by Zar Zar Soe
Complaints system
popular with public
Minister says it is key part of “people-centred” project
22 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
THIS week we celebrated World
Humanitarian Day on August 19.
This is the day the United Nations,
the Red Cross Movement and other
humanitarian organisations celebrate
the many humanitarian acts that
take place in the disasters and armed
conflicts that cause so much sufering
in our world.
This is also a day on which the UN
remembers the courage of humani-
tarian workers who have died while
carrying out their work. In 2013, a
total of 155 humanitarian workers
were killed while doing humanitarian
work, with the highest death rates in
Afghanistan and Syria.
In recent years, Myanmar has
seen large humanitarian operations
responding to Cyclone Nargis, the
armed conflict in Kachin and the on-
going crisis in Rakhine. Each of these
has involved life-saving aid provided
by the government of Myanmar, the
Myanmar Red Cross, national NGOs
and international humanitarian
But the destruction of interna-
tional aid agency property in Sittwe
in March this year shows clearly that
humanitarian aid can be controversial
and contested. Compassion is not as
simple as it sounds. This is not only
true in Myanmar but in most emer-
gencies around the world.
Humanitarian action is urgent
emergency aid to save people’s lives
and protect them in extreme situa-
tions. It is diferent from long-term
development aid that addresses
the root causes of poverty to build
healthy, well-educated, fair and pros-
perous societies. In the last 20 years,
the global budget for humanitarian
aid has grown dramatically.
In 2014, the UN is appealing for
US$17.1 billion for 108 million people
around the world in need of emer-
gency aid.
In Myanmar, this year’s appeal
is for $192 million to help 421,000
people. Nearly 75 percent of humani-
tarian funding usually comes from
governments, and 25pc is donated by
individuals around the world.
At least 96pc of humanitarian
workers are nationals of the countries
concerned. They are not international
staf but compassionate people help-
ing their fellow citizens.
In the United Nations and the Red
Cross Movement, national govern-
ments have afrmed the importance
of a global system of emergency re-
sponse. Well-organised humanitarian
action is recognised as an interna-
tional political priority.
All states recognise the need for
fair and efective humanitarian aid if
they are to help one another meet the
challenge of a rising number of large-
scale disasters caused by floods and
cyclones, and the persistence of fierce
conflicts that kill, starve and displace
millions of civilians each year.
The legal basis of humanitarian
aid is grounded in the UN Charter’s
commitment to “the dignity and
worth of the human person and the
equal rights of men and women and
of nations large and small”.
This political commitment is spelt
out in a range of UN legal standards
that focus on the protection of refu-
gees, women, children and displaced
In armed conflicts, govern-
ments recognise the importance of
humanitarian action in the laws of
the Geneva Conventions developed
by states with the assistance of the
International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC). These Conventions aim
to limit the violence of war, to protect
civilians from deliberate sufering and
attack, and to provide neutral and
impartial humanitarian aid wherever
it is needed.
UN agencies like the UN World
Food Programme, the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees,
the United Nations Childrens’ Fund
and the World Health Organiza-
tion are mandated by states to lead
international humanitarian response
alongside the Red Cross and many
international non-governmental
organisations like Médecins Sans
Frontières and Oxfam.
Typically, international
organisations work closely with the
health and welfare ministries of
governments, with afected people,
and in partnership with the increas-
ing number of local community-based
organisations in countries sufering
conflict and disaster.
The beating heart of all these
international laws and humanitar-
ian agencies is the moral principle of
humanity, from where humanitarian
aid takes its name. This is the univer-
sal belief in compassion, which is so
strong in Buddhism and found in all
It also drives the modern secular
concern for human rights. The prin-
ciple of humanity is the wisdom that
our greatest obligation is to love each
other and show kindness to those
who need our help because, like us,
they are human beings who experi-
ence the sufering of this world.
Celebrating World Humanitarian Day
and the urgent work done to save lives
A cross-line humanitarian convoy delivers aid to IDP camps in Kachin State.
Photo: OCHA/E.Modvig
POLICY-MAKERS talk a lot about the
impact of the ASEAN Economic Com-
munity in 2015. But the real question
is, how will this AEC afect the 600
million people who live in the region?
Together the International Labour
Organisation and the Asian Devel-
opment Bank set out to find some
answers, and this week we delivered
our findings in a report presented to
the ASEAN Secretary-General, HE Le
Luong Minh last week.
Ordinary men and women first
and foremost experience economic
change though the labour market.
What matters to them is whether
they can find a good job that ofers
security, pays decent wages in decent
conditions, and whether, in time,
their children will be able to do the
Our findings are encouraging. If
managed well over the next decade,
the AEC could boost the region’s
economies by 7.1 percent by 2025
and, generate 14 million additional
jobs. However, there are some big
“ifs” and “buts”.
While some sectors will flourish
others are likely to see job losses,
and those workers will not necessar-
ily have the right skills to seize the
new opportunities created by the
AEC. While improved productivity
may bring increases in incomes for
some, this could bypass the large ma-
jority of people, unless more efective
wage-setting institutions are created.
To realise the full potential of
closer economic integration, coun-
tries across the region need to take
decisive action, right now.
The first priority should be to
proactively manage and facilitate
structural change. This means not
only investing in infrastructure and
implementing sound industrial and
sectoral policies. It also means im-
proving the “soft” infrastructure
– investing in better education and
vocational training.
To be successful, this adjustment
process will also require support for
small and medium-sized enterprises
and for the most vulnerable mem-
bers of ASEAN. One route is through
stronger social protection systems.
Secondly, economic gains must
lead to shared prosperity. By linking
wages to productivity gains, work-
ers can benefit from economic pro-
gress while enterprises can remain
competitive. This requires sound
wage-setting systems that can de-
liver minimum wages that protect
the most vulnerable, and stronger
collective bargaining procedures
that allow employers and unions to
negotiate improvements in working
conditions and to find solutions that
raise productivity.
But, shared prosperity is not just
about creating better systems for
spreading the wealth, it’s also about
equitable development and reaching
more people. So ASEAN needs to act
to realise true gender equality and
more respect for the rights of mi-
grant workers.
Finally, ASEAN countries need
to strengthen regional cooperation.
Some of the architecture for this is
already in place. For example, ASE-
AN’s leaders agreed to “promote de-
cent, humane, productive, dignified
and remunerative employment for
migrant workers” in the Cebu Dec-
laration. And in the ASEAN Decla-
ration on Social Protection, they set
out the principle of “equitable access
to social protection”. What is needed
now is concrete action to turn these
documents into practical change.
The ASEAN Economic Com-
munity 2015 will place ASEAN at a
crossroads. If these priorities are ef-
fectively addressed, the region can
make great strides towards equitable
economic development and shared
prosperity. But if ASEAN’s leaders
fail to act, the AEC will increase in-
equalities, and will bypass the major-
ity of the region’s population.
Yoshiteru Uramoto is the ILO Assistant
Director-General and Regional Director
for Asia and the Pacific.
Making the AEC work
for ASEAN’s citizens
Potential increase in ASEAN
economies by 2025
News 23 www.mmtimes.com
Humanitarian action in disasters
and conflicts is guided by three other
principles: impartiality, neutral-
ity and independence. These were
formulated by the Red Cross move-
ment in 1965 and have now been
adopted by the United Nations in the
humanitarian policies of the General
Assembly and Security Council.
Humanitarian work must always be
guided by need and compassion, not
by political interest.
The growing global system of
humanitarian aid is not perfect. It is
rightly criticised sometimes for being
excessively Western, imperious, disor-
ganised, insensitive and interfering.
People in many parts of the world
see white Toyotas driving through
their villages without really under-
standing what they do. They see some
people getting well-paid jobs with
UN agencies and NGOs while others
remain poor. In conflicts, people are
often profoundly suspicious that hu-
manitarian agencies have taken sides
and are favouring their enemies.
These criticisms mean that hu-
manitarian action must be actively
discussed and negotiated in every so-
ciety afected by disaster and conflict.
Aid cannot be imposed by interna-
tional agencies but must be delivered
in consultation with government and
the afected populations.
Transparency is important in
humanitarian work. National govern-
ment and local civil society have every
right to call humanitarian programs
to account. Humanitarian work needs
to be disciplined, professional and
But government and civil society
have a responsibility to respect hu-
manitarian action when it is acting
fairly and efectively. Humanity,
impartiality, neutrality and independ-
ence are international principles af-
firmed by governments. If an agency
is abiding by them in its work then its
operations must not be deliberately
obstructed or manipulated by politi-
cal agendas.
It is an extraordinary international
achievement that humanitarian aid
can now reach any man, woman or
child sufering in disaster or armed
conflict almost anywhere in the
The system is not perfect but it
continues to develop as part of the
world’s emerging global governance.
Humanitarian agencies are often
rightly challenged about the way they
work. They will improve through a
responsible conversation with the
societies in which they work.
In this conversation, all parties
must hold firm to the fundamental
principle of humanity. This recognises
that we are all human beings who suf-
fer and need help at diferent times.
In Myanmar, such humanitarian
compassion will need to be sustained
while new political arrangements are
gradually agreed and peace is care-
fully made.
Mark Cutts is the Head of the UN Office
for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs in Myanmar.
Celebrating World Humanitarian Day
and the urgent work done to save lives
When the reporters are wrong
WHEN US Secretary of State John
Kerry met with the President U
Thein Sein earlier this month, he
voiced some of the concerns of the
United States government regarding
Myanmar’s democratic reforms. This
included the 10-year sentences given
to Unity Journal reporters and the
larger issue of suppression of media
freedom by the Myanmar
But Myanmar’s media industry
is not blameless. It makes a lot
of mistakes. Yet it is rare to see
journalists themselves criticise the
mistakes made by their fellow media
There have been a number of
media related issues and some very
well-publicised cases that have seen
the government receive criticism.
Eleven Media Group reporter
Ma Khine was sentenced to three
months of imprisonment in Kayah
State in December 2013. Democratic
Voice of Burma (DVB) reporter Ko
Zaw Pe from Magwe and his friend
were sentenced to one year in prison
in April 2014. (They were later freed
after their punishment was amended
to three months on appeal.)
There have also been visits from
Special Branch (SB) to the ofces of
a number of journals and interviews
with journal owners and reporters
for reasons that have not been made
completely clear. The editor and
publisher of Bi Moon Te Nay have
been charged with sedition.
It is necessary to look at these
cases separately and a bit more
The case of Ma Khine from
Eleven Media Group has been
wrongly portrayed as a case of
media freedom backsliding but the
charges against her are not related
with the government or any military
The manner in which she inter-
viewed a lawyer for her story and
gathered her news was not up to
journalistic standards. She went to
interview the lawyer together with
a client who was facing trial. The
lawyer filed charges over trespass-
ing. Her case is related with neither
the government nor the military, but
with a normal citizen, a lawyer.
However, some media organi-
sations abroad, after seeing local
outcry, cited the case as a clear sign
of media freedoms diminishing.
In the case of DVB’s Ko Zaw Pe
case, he was charged with trespass-
ing and disturbing a civil servant.
When reporting, he went to the of-
fice of a township education depart-
ment ofcial along with an angry
parent who was not happy with the
ofcial’s decision not to extend a
scholarship to their child.
Again, this is not the proper way
to gather news. When he had been
sentenced, his case was also touted
as a sign of media suppression.
With Unity Journal, the cover-
age in the publication of an alleged
chemical weapons factory did not
conform to journalistic ethics, but
even so the sentence length was aw-
ful news and unnecessarily harsh.
Imprisoning reporters for 10
years is not right. This is a case of
media freedoms being infringed
Special Branch’s questioning of
journalists and journal owners was
also a clear example of press free-
doms backsliding. An ofcial from
SB who took part in the interviews
of journalists said that the plan was
to frighten the media. Some people
left journalism in fear and SB’s ac-
tions in that regard were successful.
It was a terrible situation.
The lack of knowledge of laws
and journalist ethics in Myanmar
has been talked about before.
I would rather focus on
the international community’s as-
sistance to journalists facing issues,
which can sometimes have ill ef-
fects, despite being well intentioned.
The international community
often calls on the government to
release journalists who have been
detained. But foreign assistance
from others, like NGOs and journal-
ism groups, often comes in the form
of monetary support.
Ko Zaw Pe received millions of
kyats from the international com-
munity while he was facing trial.
This is well known and certainly not
a secret.
Another organisation considered
giving an award to a Unity reporter
who has less than four months of
experience reporting.
This assistance and recognition
was helpful under the previous
military government, but under the
current administration it can make
journalists conceited and lead them
to believe that they don’t need to
work within the journalistic code of
Journalists lay unfounded
blame on the government when
they are arrested, believing that the
international community will help
them with assistance and they will
become local heroes.
There are some journalists who
have spent time in prison and are
arrogant when they are released. Al-
though they might not know much
about journalism, they are selected
to run journalism training courses.
Others exploit media for their
own political gains, but are prepared
to blame the government with muz-
zling the media when legal action is
taken. Reporters and editors protest
the government without considering
which incidents are personal, which
are being used for political means
and those that are truly examples of
press freedoms being violated.
Honest, young reporters and
editors are making serious strides
to protect the fourth estate. We have
seen many positive developments in
the media industry. There are some
cases in which the government can’t
deny that it is oppressing the media.
But I believe that the fourth estate
can be strengthened only if journalists
themselves improve and push their
colleagues to improve as well, instead
of always blaming the government,
crying that media is being silenced
and turning to the international com-
munity for assistance.
– Translation by Thiri Min Htun
The fourth estate
can be strengthened
only if journalists
themselves improve
and push their
colleagues to
improve as well.
A cross-line humanitarian convoy delivers aid to IDP camps in Kachin State.
THE government has formed a
committee to combat money laun-
dering in the country, aiming to
get of a list of the world’s worst
Experts from 15 diferent in-
stitutions including government
ministries as well as the Central
Bank and Supreme Court were
named to the Anti-Money Laun-
dering Central Board last week.
The board’s joint secretary U
Soe Myaing said Myanmar longs
to be removed from the list of
countries with a bad reputation in
money laundering.
“Foreign investors and the
country’s economy are slowed by
the impact of perceptions of mon-
ey laundering ,and the global com-
munity deals with us critically,” he
Separately, investigators have
also said they are looking into the
capital and property of U Ne Win’s
grandson, U Aye Ne Win, who is
part of a consortium planning to
buy part of businessman U Tay
Za’s stake in Asia Green Develop-
ment bank.
Meanwhile, the intergovern-
mental organisation Financial Ac-
tion Task Force (FATF), which fo-
cuses on money laundering, once
again pointed to Myanmar as a
major source of money launder-
ing in an October 2013 report. It
listed Iran and North Korea as the
worst ofenders, while 11 countries
including Myanmar occupied the
next spot.
Ofcials say Myanmar has
taken steps to stem money laun-
dering. It enacted an Anti-Money
Laundering Law in March, mod-
ernising a law that ofcials said
was 70 percent outdated.
The new law incorporated 40
recommendations from FATF in
areas like penalties, with a one-
year prison sentence implement-
ed for convicted launderers. The
new law also lays out the role of
the judge and ofers two or three
chances to appeal.
U Soe Myaing said that not only
laundered money will be seized,
but also the properties funded by
the unclean money.
While banks will be the main
target of eforts, Myanmar will also
investigate jewellery shops, nota-
ries and real estate agents, he said.
“With e-banking, money trans-
fers will be so fast, meaning mon-
ey laundering will also be fast,”
he said. “If we cannot handle the
problem efectively, our country
will drift into nightmares.”
Experts pointed out that the
most prominent money launder-
ers in Myanmar are likely keen to
repatriate funds that were moved
abroad during the previous re-
gime, though added illegal income
has also found its way into the
property sector.
Experts move against money laundering
New committee formed as money laundering investigators also look into the proposed buyers of Asia Green Development bank
‘The front line for
money laundering
is the “banking
system” which
must identify illicit
Sean Turnell
Economist at Macquarie University
Construction is under way on a property in Dawbon township. The rapid rise of interest in the
township’s condominiums mean that new apart ments are rising next to old wooden shacks, such
as the building to the left. Dawbon had been large undeveloped due to transportation concerns and
frequent problems with flooding. See related article “Overlooked Dawbon drawing developers
for location and price” on page 34.
TELENOR has found 19 confirmed
and suspected cases of underage la-
bourers in its supply chain as part
of its ongoing sustainability initia-
tives, according to Telenor Myan-
mar CEO Petter Furberg.
While the Norway-based telco is
on pace to launch mobile services
in Myanmar in late September, it
has also looked to address issues
such as corruption, land issues,
health and safety, and conflict ar-
eas that company officials said were
flagged as potential issues from the
“We also know there are a lot of
issues that come with these tech-
nologies. These are opportunities
but on the other side there are risk
factors,” said Telenor CEO and pres-
ident Jon Fredrik Baksaas in an on-
line sustainability presentation the
firm hosted on August 19.
Having experience in other re-
gional markets such as Thailand,
India, Pakistan and Bangladesh –
where it first began in Asia in 1996
– Mr Baksaas said there are always
surprises and controversial ques-
tions which the company seeks to
“That doesn’t mean that this has
been a walk in the park,” he said.
Mr Furberg, who also partici-
pated in the online presentation,
said one problem has been under-
age workers. The company does not
allow its contractors and subcon-
tractors to employ workers below
15 years old, and also does not al-
low workers under 18 to complete
hazardous work, including building
telecoms sites.
Among its contractors and sub-
contractors, Telenor has identified
five “child labour” cases of work-
ers between 12 and 14 years and 14
confirmed cases of underage labour
between the ages of 15 and 18, with
another five suspected.
Mr Furberg said the firm has
moved to remedy these
cases, but added it
also illustrates the
problems of deal-
ing with underage
labour inside the
“Poverty is
real, and in some
cases the children
that we find or
under age
that we find are the breadwinner of
the family,” he said.
International Labour Organisa-
tion chief technical advisor on the
elimination of child labour Selim
Benaissa said child labour is com-
mon practice in most countries in
economic transition, and Myanmar
is no exception.
While not mentioning Telenor
specifically, he said companies in
close consultation with the ILO
are cautious on child labour issues,
adding that it is important not only
to remove children from the work-
place in the short term but also to
understand and address the under-
lying cause of the problem.
“Simply removing children from
work could easily make them slide
into other works that could be
much worse,” said Mr Banaissa.
“Government, workers, employers
and other civil society organisa-
tions plus individuals – each have
an important role to play.”
In three case studies Telenor
presented, it detailed its efforts to
understand the situation the un-
derage labourers were in, and what
alternatives could be found. In one
case a 15-year-old worker in Manda-
lay was removed from a construc-
tion site to instead work at a sub-
contractor’s office.
Telenor Myanmar has about 400
employees, with another 100 sub-
suppliers and 69 distributors cur-
rently signed up. Ooredoo, the oth-
er private telco that won a licence
tender in 2013, said it had about
1000 employees at its launch earlier
this month.
Mr Furberg also said that the
tower rollout remains the biggest
challenge, partly due to the per-
mit approval process, as the tower
companies are requesting approval
for hundreds of towers from local
offices that previously dealt with
building permits.
Some laws are also unclear or
contradictory, he said. Mr Furberg
said the investment law said foreign
companies can lease land for 50
years, but the land law says foreign
companies can lease land for
only one year.
Myanmar is also perceived to
be the most corrupt country Tel-
enor operates in, though the com-
pany has taken a zero-tolerance
“The implication of our zero-
tolerance policy is that in some
instances we experience slower pro-
cesses,” he said.
Still, company ofcials struck
a positive note about the market’s
potential, saying technology has
advanced and Telenor had learned
from experience in nearby
M r
said that
while its
N o r w e g i a n
home market
has only 5 million
people, it has about
158 million subscribers
in Asia alone – which will
grow further with the start of
service in Myanmar. – Additional
reporting by Bill O’Toole
Telenor addresses
underage labour
in its supply chain
Telenor Myanmar CEO Petter
Furberg. Photo: Zarni Phyo
25 BUSINESS EDITOR: Jeremy Mullins | jeremymullins7@gmail.com
Rat infestation
takes a bit out of
the rice harvest
Crumbling building
brings construction
quality to the fore
Exchange Rates (August 22 close)
Currency Buying Selling
Malaysia Ringitt
Singapore Dollar
Thai Baht
US Dollar
Workers abroad mulling the
tough choice to return home
IN the past, the country’s brightest
have often been driven abroad in pur-
suit of international-standard educa-
tion and well-paying jobs they were
unable to find in Myanmar.
Yet times are changing, and a host
of businesses are seeking to set up
and expand in Myanmar. With human
resources listed as a common busi-
ness constraint, though, companies
are looking to Myanmar people living
abroad to repatriate to the country and
fill particularly the difcult-to-staf
technical and management positions.
Whether keen or hesitant, returning
is a frequently discussed topic among
Myanmar expatriates living abroad.
Ma Mi Mi Han Kyaw is a four-year
student of IT and business in Singa-
pore, and is the type of worker Myan-
mar desperately needs to return home
to help it develop.
Her intelligence and education, and
fluency in English and Myanmar, will
one day be assets in the job market. In
the meantime she has played an active
role in her community as the president
of the Myanmar student club at Singa-
pore Management University. It is the
same school where Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi gave a speech nearly a year ago, in
part urging Myanmar workers abroad
to consider returning to participate in
the country’s development.
“My friends and I talk about what
are the factors to go back or stay here,”
Ma Mi Mi Han Kyaw told The Myan-
mar Times during a recent interview
at the university. “I’ve found it de-
pends on what your values are.”
Salaries will be larger in Singapore,
she said. But Ma Mi Mi Han Kyaw said
she would like to return home as soon
as possible after she graduates, to be
closer to her family and also because
she dislikes the cold food common in
The university is a short walk
from Singapore’s “Little Myanmar”
in the Peninsula Plaza mall, and Ma
Mi Mi Han Kyaw said she visits four
or five times a week, usually for din-
ner. Although that mitigates the food
problem, she still misses her family –
Yangon is a lot further away than the
five-minute walk to Peninsula Plaza.
Yet even though she is keen to re-
turn, practical considerations will
force her to stay at least three years
after graduating. She has taken a loan
that will be difcult to repay with
Myanmar people living in Singapore check in at the Myjobs.com.mm job fair’s
MPRL booth on August 3. Photo: Staff
Experts move against money laundering
New committee formed as money laundering investigators also look into the proposed buyers of Asia Green Development bank
Economist Sean Turnell, asso-
ciate professor at Australia’s Mac-
quarie University, said laundered
funds can be most profitably ap-
plied back home in all sorts of
“This requires a degree of in-
genuity to bring it back, but most
often through front companies
presenting the money as foreign
investment, remittance flows and
so on,” he said.
“The front line for money
laundering is the ‘ banking sys-
tem’ which must identify illicit
funds through ‘ know thy cus-
tomer’ and other requirements.
There are laws in place for this in
Myanmar, and the CBM seems to
be doing all it can which brings
us again to the banking system
broadly, and banks individually,”
he said.
Myanmar’s banking sector
has been regarded as containing
some money launderers, with
Myanmar Universal Bank par-
ticularly well known for its role
before being shut down in 2005.
The government has seized about
US$200 million in 73 cases of
money laundering since 2004,
according to ofcials from the Fi-
nancial Investigation Unit (FIU).
U Thurein Zaw, FIU senior in-
vestigator, said five current sus-
pects will be prosecuted under the
old laws, as new rules and regula-
tions are still being drafted.
Agencies such as gold shops
and banks are also required to
confirm a customer’s identity and
report to the FIU when they use
more than K100 million at a time,
he said.
The FIU is also investigating
U Aye Ne Win’s family property
and foreign currency after hear-
ing about their plan to purchase
shares of Asia Green Develop-
ment bank from prominent en-
trepreneur U Tay Za – beginning
several months before reports in
local media, he said. However, U
Thurein Zaw said the organisation
would issue any more information
on it at this time.
FIU police captain U Myint
Soe said it is important to figure
out who is the ultimate benefi-
ciary of a business, as rich people
often hide their profiles.
Myanmar has also signed
agreements with several coun-
tries on the issue, including Rus-
sia, Nepal and Sri Lanka this
year, and Indonesia, South Korea
and Thailand in previous years.
Construction is under way on a property in Dawbon township. The rapid rise of interest in the
township’s condominiums mean that new apart ments are rising next to old wooden shacks, such
as the building to the left. Dawbon had been large undeveloped due to transportation concerns and
frequent problems with flooding. See related article “Overlooked Dawbon drawing developers
for location and price” on page 34.
26 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
Myanmar-level wages, while she also
has a bond with the Singaporean gov-
ernment requiring her to stay in the
country after graduating.
Also, it may be easier to find a
quality job in line with her interests
in Singapore.
“My dream was to become more of
an engineer,” she said. “I like practical
stuf. I do it and I can see the results,
that kind of thing. A businessperson has
to have creative ideas, with lots of ideas
in the air. I’m not that kind of person. I
like practical ideas; then I’ve got it.”
Though her father – an engineer
– has dissuaded her from the profes-
sion, she is hewing closely to it by
pursuing a career in IT and computer
Yet the chance to hire workers such
as Ma Mi Mi Han Kyaw is drawing
Myanmar-based companies to seek
Singapore-based candidates, actively
advertising for future employees and
holding large recruitment fairs in Sin-
gapore for Myanmar positions.
At least two large recruitment fairs
are to be held in Singapore in August,
including Myjobs.com.mm’s August 2-3
fair held at Suntec convention centre.
Myjobs.com.mm managing direc-
tor Jemin Popat said that while the
firm gets CVs from repatriates from
countries like the UK, the USA, Ma-
laysia, Thailand and the United Arab
Emirates, it seems that Singapore has
the highest percentage of Myanmar
people looking to come home.
Foreign companies in Myanmar
are keen on repatriates because they
often have the best of both worlds.
Expatriates – often parachuted in as
senior management or in technical
positions – have experience but lit-
tle local knowledge, while locals have
Myanmar knowledge but without the
experience of skills.
“There’s a gap in between, and that’s
where the repatriates bring those two
groups together, because they have
the international work experience and
the English skill, and the local knowl-
edge,” said Mr Popat.
Expats that are parachuted into top
positions in Myanmar – often at sala-
ries of over US$10,000 a month, plus
allowance – are also expensive, and
companies are developing succession
plans calling for more locals, includ-
ing so-called “repats”.
International and local companies
alike are interested in repatriates, he
said, pointing to the firms like Max
Myanmar, Coca-Cola and MPRL that
were participating in the job fair.
“Because we’re expanding our
operations, we’re always looking for
new and experienced employees,”
said Anastacia Howe, corporate so-
cial responsibility ofcer at MPRL,
which boasted one of the most heav-
ily trafcked booth at the Myjobs.com.
mm job fair.
“It’s difcult in Myanmar due to
the lack of capacity and availability of
staf within Yangon.”
Experience is particularly impor-
tant for candidates at the firm, she said.
“Certification and bachelor’s degrees
and master’s degrees are fantastic, but
we really need that experience,” she said.
Ms Howe added Singapore has people
with international-standard experience,
helping it fill the roles it is seeking.
While there are many who are keen
to return home to take up these posi-
tions, other Myanmar living abroad
are more reluctant.
Mr Popat said that lifestyle and
family are the biggest reasons work-
ers want to return home, but that for
some the salary diference is too large
to swallow.
While wages may be rising, there is
still often a gap of at least a few hun-
dred dollars between Singapore and
Myanmar, he said, adding that local
wages for some positions in Myanmar
had gone from $800 to $1200 over the
past year, but the same job could fetch
salaries of $1700 in Singapore.
“Some people are willing to go,
‘Okay I’ll swallow it – I’ll have to take
a pay cut but I’ll accept it with all the
benefits [of family and improved life-
style].’ And some of the candidates
have gone, ‘I just can’t.’ They’re wait-
ing for that gap to close.”
One engineer who requested ano-
nymity said he has been in Singapore
for six years – and is not happy.
“In Singapore we only have a work
life – no family life, no friend life, no
girlfriend life,” he said. “Yes, it’s true
my salary may be higher in Singapore,
but I’m not happy here. I want to re-
turn home.”
Others say they have been outside
the country for too long at this point
to consider returning.
Ko Ye has been a Singapore resi-
dent for about six years, working at a
manufacturing company, and has no
plans to uproot.
“For me to move back, almost im-
possible,” he said. “I’m pretty settled. I
have a family here.”
Ma Mi Mi Han Kyaw said some of
her classmates come to Singapore in-
tending to return, but end up staying.
While many students are sent
abroad by wealthy parents who intend
for them to return and join the fam-
ily business, others have no firm post-
graduation plans.
Ma Mi Mi Han Kyaw said she left
three years ago at age 16, when there
were few opportunities in Myanmar.
She said her friends now frequently
talk about the country’s opening, and
many are concerned they may lose the
first-moved advantage unless they re-
turn now. Some have even put their
school on hold to return, she said.
EUROPEAN aircraft-maker Airbus
is looking at Myanmar’s burgeoning
tourism sector as well as oil and gas as
markets for its helicopters, according
to Airbus Helicopters Southeast Asia
vice president Lionel Sinai-Sinelnikof.
“Our first target is Myanmar’s rap-
idly growing oil and gas industry,”
he said. “But now we hope that soon
there will be a few helicopters for tour-
ism as well.”
Mr Sinai-Sinelnikof said helicop-
ter rides for tourists could work like
Myanmar’s popular hot air balloon
services, with guests booking spaces
through hotels and travel agencies.
Hot air balloons have only limited
abilities, while helicopters ofer the
possibility of landing en route, and do
not rely so heavily on the wind.
The firm is looking to sell its EC225
helicopters, which can fly 200 kilome-
tres (124 miles) per hour and accom-
modate seven passengers in addition
to a pilot, as well as rent its fleet out in
collaboration with tourism firms.
Tourism insiders welcomed eforts
to increase the oferings for tourists in
Myanmar Airways International
general manager Daw Aye Mra Tha
said growth in tourism is promising,
and plans to introduce helicopter
tours would provide a new service
for visitors to travel to out-of-the-way
“This type of service will benefit
not just tourism but also diferent ar-
eas such as health, short business trips
or rescues,” she said.
Airbus Helicopters, formerly Euro-
copter, is part of large European aero-
space firm Airbus Group. It claims a
fleet of 12,000 helicopters worldwide
in about 150 countries.
Mr Sinai-Sinelnikof said the firm
has a customer centre in Singapore,
while its branch in Bangkok will man-
age Myanmar until it opens an ofce
in the country.
Meanwhile, earlier this month Yan-
gon Airport received its first private
aviation facility, with a joint venture
between Thai firm MJets and local
partners Wah Wah Group. The joint
venture is supported by Myanma Air-
ways and Department of Civil Aviation
Myanmar. – Zaw Win Than
Airbus helicopters get
tourists off the ground
An Airbus EC225 helicopter prepares for take-off. Photo: Thiri Lu
Workers abroad mull whether to come home
NOTICE is hereby given that Carl Zeiss AG, of Carl-Zeiss-Strasse
22, 73447 Oberkochen of Germany, do solemnly and sincerely
declare that we are the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following
trade mark in Myanmar.
The said mark is used in respect of ‘Scientifc apparatus and instruments
for research in laboratories and for use in laboratories, nautical,
surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, measuring, and
checking apparatus and instruments, data processing equipment,
computers, electric, electrotechnic and electronic apparatus and
instruments (as covered by class 9); telescopes, binoculars, including
hunting binoculars, feld-glasses, telescope spectacles, theatre glasses,
rifescopes including hunting rifescopes, spectacle frames, spectacle
lenses, polarization spectacles, contact lenses, magnifers, magnifying
spectacles, protective eye wear including laser protective eye wear,
length measuring apparatus, center thickness meters, three-coordinate
measuring machines, rotary tables for coordinate measuring machines,
differential height measuring equipment, distance measuring instruments
including laser distance meters, angle measuring instruments,
interpretation instruments for photogrammetry, surveillance cameras,
redressment instruments for photogrammetry, geodetic instruments,
reconnaissance cameras, aerial mapping cameras, aerial survey cameras,
sketchmasters, levels, theodolites, microscopes of all kinds, illuminators
for microscopes, discussion bridges for microscopes, rotary stages
for microscopes, darkfeld accessories for microscopes, interference
systems for microscopes, condensors for microscopes, co-observation
attachments for microscopes, astrographic and photographic objectives,
semiconductor objectives, objective for microscopes, attachment lenses,
lens carriers, lens shutters, software, computer programmes, refractors,
electron microscopes, prisms, spectrometers, tacheometers, technoscopes,
absorbance meters and recorders, photometers, stereoscopes, flters for
optical equipment, fuorometers, gratings for x-ray monochromators,
glass meters, glass scales, planetaria, projectors for planetaria, rotary
encoders, interferometers, invertoscopes, polarisation and interference
flters, polarimeters, perimeters, colorimeters, laser protection flters,
lasers for industrial purposes, spectroscopes, micro hardness testers,
microscope cameras, monochromators, night scopes, oculars, optical
mirrors, instruments for measuring surfaces, x-ray cameras, x-ray optics,
voltage meters, spectrum lamps, laser scales [Class 9].
Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments;
surgical and medical lasers, surgical and medical microscopes; ceiling
mounts and ceiling tracks for operation microscopes, stands for operation
microscopes, wallmounts for examination and operation microscopes,
interpupillometer, eye mirrors, ophthalmoscopes, slit lamps, instrument
tables for ophthalmological equipment, near visual acuity testers,
ophthalmometers, vision testing equipment, refractioning units,
skiascopes, skiascopy discs, stereophoto equipment for ophthalmological
instruments, refractometers, fundus cameras, tonometers, instrument
tables, intraocular lenses, biometers for intraocular lenses, retina cameras,
ophthalmic workstations, ophthalmological diagnostic equipment,
ophthalmological diagnostic sets, ophthalmological illuminators,
ophthalmological magnifers, scleral lamps, ceratometers, colposcopes,
coronographs [Class 10]
The said trade mark is the subject of Declaration of Ownership recorded
with the Registrar of Deeds and Assurances, Yangon, Myanmar, in Book
under No. IV/3109/2014 Dated 17
March, 2014.
Any infringement or colourable imitation thereof or other infringement
of the rights of the said Corporation will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
For Carl Zeiss AG
Remfry & Sgar
India Dated: 25
August, 2014
‘My friends and I talk
about what are the
factors to go back or
stay here. I’ve found
it depends on what
your values are.’
Ma Mi Mi Han Kyaw
Student in Singapore
Business 27 www.mmtimes.com
DELTA rice farmers are being hit by
a rat infestation this year, claiming it
is the worst they have seen since the
aftermath of 2008’s Cyclone Nargis.
Farmers groups will hold meet-
ings to deal with the rats, which made
planting difcult by eating seeds and
also eat the paddy itself in search of
rice, said U Thein Aung, chair of the
Myanmar Freedom Farmers League.
Attempts to suppress the infesta-
tion by traditional ways have failed,
but farmers often lack modern tech-
niques and expertise, he said.
U Thein Aung said the group wish-
es to ask for assistance from the gov-
ernment, “but will not ask because
whenever we ask the government for
assistance it will not take action well.”
During the Nargis aftermath,
NGOs had placed a bounty of K100
per rat, which helped with the
Bago Region farmer U Tun Myint
said this year’s infestation is almost
as bad.
“In some areas, rats ate the rice
seeds when they were scattered, so
farmers had to do it again,” he said.
“Now paddy plants are out of the
water and rats have already started eat-
ing them. It is too late to replant them,
and farmers are getting anxious.”
Experts say more study is needed
before measures can be developed to
eradicate the pest.
Yezin Agricultural University
Hlegu Campus principal U Myint
Lwin said it is important to under-
stand the root cause before moving
against the problem.
However, other experts are blam-
ing the recent heavy rains and flood-
ing for the infestation.
Myanmar Farmer Association
chair U Soe Tun said it is no coinci-
dence that groups of rats appeared af-
ter Nargis and again this year, which
has been quite wet.
“After Nargis some experts said
the infestation is related to the flood-
ing by the cyclone. So this time, the
rats might be related to the recent
The MFA has already informed the
government’s Ministry of Agriculture
and Irrigation about the infestation,
and requested assistance – though of-
ficials have yet to respond, he said.
Government officials said they
were unaware of the problem but
would follow up with relevant re-
gional authorities.
“My opinion is that this case is re-
lated to the recent flooding,” said U
Tin Aung Win, director of the Ministry
of Agriculture and Irrigation’s Crop
Protection Department.
Chemical sprays would not be
enough to eradicate rats, and it would
instead require working with local
residents to lay tarps and cut bush
that rats use to hide in.
“We need to suppress rats in every
field at the same time, otherwise rats
can easily move from one field to an-
other,” he said.
U Soe Tint, a farmer from Zalun
township in Ayeyarwady Region, said
farmers are trying to kill them by lay-
ing traps, and using dogs and insec-
“But there are more and more
rats,” he said. “There’s more rats in
the field now than what we faced in
2008 and 2009 after Nargis.”
U Soe Tun added it is too early to
tell if the rat infestation will lead to
a decrease in production this year,
though said protection measures are
required. “If not, farmers already in
deep debt might face a more terrible
life,” he said.
Rice field rats gnaw away harvest
UPS comes calling with freight
forwarding services
United States-based delivery firm
UPS announced the introduction of its
freight forwarding services to and from
Myanmar on August 19.
The firm highlighted Myanmar’s
rapidly growing economy and its aims
to becoming a manufacturing market
as reasons for entering, adding de-
mand for freight services is expected to
“Businesses in Myanmar can tap
into UPS’s global logistics expertise,
extensive network and technologies
while relying on our air freight and
ocean freight services,” said Mary Yeo,
vice president of UPS South Asia sup-
ply chain operations. – Jeremy Mullins
Farmers look to India for
equipment purchase
The Myanmar Freedom Farmers
League is promoting the purchase
of farm machinery for India through
installments with large fertiliser firm
Myanma Awba, said chair U Thein
Aung. Although farmers say they are
often able to purchase small-scale
equipment from China costing between
US$500 and $2000, but that large-
scale machinery at $20,000 and above
is often beyond their means.
Yet large-scale machinery is often
required to further develop Myanmar
rice farming, said U Thein Aung.
“From our side it is very clear – we
can afford to buy the machinery only in
installments,” he said. – Zaw Htike
Thai exhibitor signs UMFCCI deal
Thailand Convention and Exhibi-
tion Bureau (TCEB) has extended its
agreement with the Union of Myanmar
Federation of Chambers of Commerce
and Industry to hold exhibitions inside
the country.
The meetings, incentives, confer-
ences and exhibitions industry is im-
portant to foster business collaboration
ahead of the ASEAN Economic Com-
munity, said Nopparat Maythaveekul-
chai, president of TCEB.
Although the UMFCCI holds more
than 60 exhibitions a year, it still needs
assistance with organising them as well
as infrastructure support, said UMFCCI
vice president U Myo Thet.
– Su Phyo Win
Farmers harvest rice in the delta. Rats are a particular problem in wet years like 2014. Photo: Kaung Htet
28 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
THE state’s daily revenues from natu-
ral gas exports now reach US$15 mil-
lion a day, driven up by the beginning
of exports from PTT Exploration and
Production’s Zawtika ofshore project.
If the trend were to continue, My-
anmar would collect about US$5.5
billion this fiscal year – far more than
the $3.299 billion the Ministry of Com-
merce figures show the country earned
last year, according to Ministry of En-
ergy ofcials.
With the addition of Zawtika, the
country now has four active gas fields
producing about 1.9 billion cubic feet
per day, of which 1.6 billion cubic feet is
exported, said the ofcial, who request-
ed anonymity as he was not allowed to
speak to ofcials.
The ofcial said the $15 million fig-
ure is calculated using a natural gas
price of $11.45 per million British ther-
mal units.
“Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise
[MOGE] will get its deserved share of
the money from gas exports,” the of-
cial said.
Although ofcials said state rev-
enues now total about $15 million a
Zawtika spurs growth in
state gas export revenue
‘The domestic
market should
be given priority
for natural gas
U Thein Lwin
Retired MOGE official
COMMERCE Minister U Win Myint
has pledged to smooth the compli-
cated system for importing foreign
vehicles by allowing new payment
Currently most vehicles are im-
ported to Myanmar using consign-
ment, meaning foreign exporters own
the car but send it to a Myanmar bro-
ker, who then sells it for a commission
usually between five and 10 percent.
However, most other countries use
an array of diferent financing meth-
ods, including direct payments for
imported vehicles and letters of credit,
where the transaction is essentially
guaranteed by banks, allowing the
seller to ship the cars before receiving
U Win Myint said the current sys-
tem of consignment imports had been
intended to help car traders, but the
reality is diferent. “Traders have to
pay twice as much and cars are taking
a long time to arrive,” he said.
The ministry is also planning to
shorten the turn-around time to ap-
prove showrooms from one week to
three days, he added.
Importers can apply for licences
in Yangon, but showrooms need ap-
proval in Nay Pyi Taw.
Myanmar is one of the only coun-
tries relying solely on a consignment
system for vehicle imports, which is
cumbersome for foreign exporters,
said U Soe Tun, president of the My-
anmar Automobile Manufacturers
and Distributors Association.
Myanmar’s 67 auto import compa-
nies face a number of delays, making
their products late-to-market, he said.
“The government says they are
thinking about local businesspeople,
but this system is used nowhere else,”
he said. “It’s probably because govern-
ment ofcials don’t have first-hand
knowledge of buying,” he said.
U Soe Tun said that direct trans-
fers are currently easier than letters of
credit, which take seven to 10 days to
be approved.
However, a Myanmar Economic
Bank ofcial in Nay Pyi Taw said
both letter of credit and direct trans-
fers have their advantages. Letters of
credit are safer for both sides with the
documentation, but direct transfers
are easier to follow up on later if there
is a problem.
Auto importers say they are uncer-
tain which system – consignment, let-
ter of credit or direct transfer – is the
best choice.
U Khant Win from ASE Auto said
that after the minister’s remarks he is
not sure which system is best.
Yet while consignment ostensibly
calls for no payment until the cars are
sold, industry insiders say at least 90
percent of sales centres informally pay
for the cars before they arrive.
Local sales centres use hundi unof-
ficial remittance to send money to for-
eign firms, then send the money again
ofcially through the banks when the
cars arrive, and the foreign company
repays one time using hundi.
Another ofcial at a sales centre
who requested anonymity said most
company owners open another com-
pany abroad and use to sell the cars,
in a bid to get around the 3.5pc tax on
consignment imports.
Some businesspeople with Yangon
showrooms have opened a company
in Singapore and ordered cars from
Japan, then export a commodity the
other way, making the books balance
out in an attempt to avoid taxes.
Car dealers mull import finance
A man assembles a right-hand
drive car. Made-in-Myanmar
cars are falling out of favour to
imported vehicles. Photo: Staff
LEFT-HAND drive cars may soon be
the only vehicles allowed to be import-
ed to Myanmar if some government
ofcials get their way.
While the Road Transport Admin-
istration Department (RTAD) cannot
make a final decision without advice
from the Ministry of Commerce and
Customs Department, allowing left-
hand drive vehicles is more appropri-
ate for Myanmar given vehicle drive
on the right, said RTAD director U
Moe Myint.
“From the perspective of our de-
partments, left-hand drive makes
more sense for our country’s road
rules,” he said.
Currently the department restricts
imports of buses and mini-buses for
public transportation to left-hand
drive vehicles, and would like to ex-
tend the rules, he said.
The move to left-hand drive vehi-
cles has been a stated government
goal, and importers said there have
been brief periods where right-hand
drive vehicles were not allowed to
be imported. Still, car importers said
above all they would like clarity about
rule changes.
One sales centre owner said RTAD
had already warned car importers that
a change in rules may be coming.
“We want to know exactly what the
department will do for left-hand and
right-hand drive cars,” the owner said.
“As far as we know, in 2015 RTAD will
restrict vehicle imports to left-hand
drive cars, but we need confirmation
so we have time to prepare.”
Car importers have in the past
critisised authorities for frequently
RTAD looking to limit
imports to left-hand drive
Business 29 www.mmtimes.com
Zawtika spurs growth in
state gas export revenue
day from the four ofshore gas projects,
several MOGE ofcials contacted by
The Myanmar Times declined to dis-
cuss the transparent management of
resources or release a figure valuing
the output of all the country’s oil and
gas projects.
MOGE has production rights worth
15 percent of the Yadana project,
20.45pc of Yetagun, 15pc of Shwe and
20pc of Zawtika.
However, Myanmar is also to re-
ceive 50pc of cash flow from Yadana
and Yetagun projects, as the cost recov-
ery phase is finished, the ofcial said.
Natural gas was first exported from
Yadana in 1998 and Yeagun in 2000.
The Shwe gas project began in 2013
while Zawtika began earlier this month.
Retired MOGE ofcial U Thein
Lwin said that while the revenue fig-
ures can be impressive, the amount
of development caused by the energy
sector also needs to be measured.
“If you are entirely exporting nat-
ural gas, the country will retain its
current status as a poor nation,” he
said. “Actually, the domestic market
should be given priority for natural
gas production.”
Following a slate of on and ofshore
blocks being awarded since 2011, the
government stands to benefit by re-
ceiving increased payments through
areas such as production sharing, roy-
alties and various fees and taxes.
The government will also receive
hundreds of millions of dollars as sig-
nature bonuses when companies sign
the production-sharing agreements for
16 onshore petroleum blocks conducted
last year. The Ministry of Energy con-
ducted tenders for 16 onshore blocks
and 30 ofshore blocks in 2013, with a
total of 27 companies awarded explora-
tion and production rights – though fol-
low-up agreements need to be signed.
RTAD looking to limit
imports to left-hand drive
changing the rules, claiming to end
up being stuck with stock worth far
less than they paid to import due
to rule changes. In May, Minister of
Commerce U Win Myint pledged an
end to the rule changes, saying the car
import policy would never change.
Myanmar importers often favour
Japanese used cars which have the
steering wheels on the right side, as
the country drives on the right.
At the start of 2014, importers were
briefly restricted to left-hand drive
only vehicles, though the rule was
later rescinded. However, rumors have
remained the left-hand drive vehicle
import policy will be reinstated.
“On behalf of all colleagues, I want
to say that we want to know what’s
going to happen in the future,” said
U Soe Htun, owner of Farmer Auto
and chair of the Myanmar Automobile
Manufacturers and Distributors Asso-
ciation (MAMDA).
Foreign investors often want as-
surances lasting over the next five or
ten years for their planning, he said.
“If we can’t explain, we face difcul-
ties inviting foreign investment. Even
if we can’t predict the next five years,
we want to know what’s going to hap-
pen in 2015.”
U Soe Htun said any change to left-
hand drive only imports will cause
problems. MAMDA is planning to
collect internal opinions and present
them to government ofcials.
Union of Myanmar Federation of
Chambers of Commerce and Industry
chair U Win Aung said there needs to
be one policy that is efective for the
automobile industry in both the short
and long term.
“This policy must be in line with
Myanmar’s current situation,” he said.
OPPORTUNITIES abound for ex-
ports to China’s southern Yunnan
province, but trade barriers are
preventing the free flow of goods,
say businesspeople.
The Chinese central govern-
ment does not yet allow locally
produced products, particularly
agricultural goods, to be exported
to Yunnan without the proper cer-
tifications, while relatively high
taxes also lead to smuggling, said
U Ko Lay, patron of the Kachin
State Chamber of Commerce and
“[Yunnan ofcials] say they will
life the border restrictions once
the central government permits,
and rice, maize and rubber could
all be exported in the future,” he
said at a meeting in Yangon on Au-
gust 14.
U Ko Lay added that there are
lots of opportunities for Myanmar
exporters to Yunnan, which will in-
crease in the future.
Su Hongtao, vice governor of
Dehong Prefecture in Yunnan
Province, said China has stringent
import requirements, but also eyes
Myanmar as a source particularly
of agricultural products.
“We would like to import … but
we need to make sure to examine
the quality standards with local
and Chinese participation, and to
raise the present level of agricul-
tural products,” he said.
Some traders have complained
rice sacks are being turned away at
the crossing at Muse in Shan State
as well as at the Kachin-Yunnan
border. Myanmar is a growing
rice exporter to China, but from
Beijing’s point of view any rice im-
ports from Myanmar are informal,
as the two countries have not yet
signed an agreement laying out
health standards.
Still, Yunnan and Myanmar are
becoming increasingly close trad-
ing partners.
Bilateral trade reached US$4.173
billion in 2013, an 83.6 percent in-
crease compared to figures a year
But trade from January to June
2014 looks set to jump past last
year’s market, with trade at $3.223
billion for the first half of the year,
according to a set of statistics pro-
vided by Yunnan Province ofcials.
Yunnan businesspeople have
established 41 firms in Myanmar,
with contracted investment of
$8.79 billion and actual invest-
ment of $1.108 billion, the statis-
tics show.
Yunnan Province commerce de-
partment ofcial Du Junjun said
Myanmar is a major market for
Yunnan enterprises, with entre-
preneurs having signed hundreds
of bilateral contracts, including in
areas like ports, hydropower and
road construction.
The Kachin Chamber of Com-
merce also submitted a complaint
during the meeting directed at
some Chinese businesspeople that
they said were producing goods
in Kachin State, but exporting the
products without marking them as
made in Myanmar.
Potential strong for Yunnan trade
A van passes through the Muse-Shweli border gate with China. The gate is the
largest portal for Myanmar’s border trader. Photo: Kyay Mohn Win
Myanmar and Yunnan ofcials tout stronger trade links, though a lack of standards is still a problem
NOTICE is hereby given that ALSTOM, a company
incorporated in France carrying on business as a limited
company and having its principal offce at 3 avenue André
Malraux, 92300 Levallois-Perret, France, do solemnly and
sincerely declare that we are the owners and sole proprietors
of the following trade mark in Myanmar:-
The said mark is used in respect of the following goods &
Chemicals used in industry, science and photography,
as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry and in
particular special pastes, pastes made of plastic material;
unprocessed artifcial and synthetic resins, unprocessed
plastics; sintered materials; vinyl pastes; manures; fre
extinguishing compositions; metal tempering and soldering
preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs;
tanning substances; adhesives used in industry; fssile
substances for nuclear devices; fuel elements for reactors;
water and oil purifying chemicals [Class 1];
Paints; paints and varnishes (except insulators), lacquers
(paints); preservatives against rust and against deterioration
of wood; colorants; mordants (except for metals and seeds);
raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for
painters, decorators, printers and artists [Class 2];
Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing,
wetting, and binding compositions; fuels (including motor
spirit) and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting
[Class 4];
Foil of tin, lead, aluminium and their alloys; products for
welding; common metals and their alloys; rolled, shaped,
worked and semi-worked materials based on steel, iron
and other common metals, tin, lead, aluminium and their
alloys; boiler-making and auxiliary products; all semi-
worked materials in copper and aluminium and their
alloys; drawn and rolled products; nickel-silver and alloys
of nickel; bronzes; metal building materials; transportable
buildings of metal; rails and other materials of metal for
railway tracks; metal chains; non-electric cables and wires
of common metal; non-electric ironmongery; small items
of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; nails
and screws; ores; metal storage tanks, containers of metal;
valves of metal; urban, road and railway signalling panels
of metal; prefabricated ducts of metal; casings; wire of
common metal for stationery; wire cloth for stationery;
fttings of metal; girders of metal; sintered materials; moulds
of metal; upright pillars of metal; rolled and profled pipes
for buildings; posts of metal; products made of aluminium
and alloys for building; spray painting booths; fre-break
doors, door closers (non-electric) [Class 6];
Rotating and static electric machines; pneumatic, hydraulic,
thermal and nuclear machines; turbines other than for land
vehicles; compressors; turbo compressors; generators of
current and electricity; wind turbines, marine turbines,
turbines powered by current and tidal energy and spare
parts therefor; digitally controlled machines; handling
machines, especially of baggage at airports, nuclear fuels
and radioactive materials; machines for the treatment
of plastics; machines for the paper-making industry;
machines and equipment for civil engineering, building,
drilling, soil and sea bed prospecting, in particular concrete
mixers, asphalt spreaders, crushing machines, centrifugal
machines, grinding machines, hoppers; drainage machines,
crushing rollers, extracting machines, fltering, drilling,
asphalt application, mixing machines; sieves (machines
or parts of machines); machine tools; welding, heating,
brazing, sawing, planing, shearing, drawing, laminating,
cabling, shaping, assembly machines; spare parts for
such machines; lathes; lifting and handling equipment;
dynamos, alternators, pulleys; roller bridges; winches;
cranes; jacks, in particular pneumatic and hydraulic jacks;
pneumatic shock absorbers; lubricators; air relief valves;
pistons; generators, transmission belts and associated gears;
pumps (machines); pumps (parts of machines, engines or
motors); vacuum machines and equipment; agricultural
implements other than hand-operated; motors and motor
parts, spare parts (except for land vehicles); machine
coupling (non-electrical) and transmission components
(except for land vehicles); washing apparatus and cleaning
machines; kitchen equipment and machines (not manually
driven or electrical) for chopping, grinding, pressing and
cutting; presses (machines for industrial purposes); steam
generating apparatus (parts of machines); gaskets of
metal; boiler collectors; taps and valves; regulators (parts
of machines); speed governors for machines, engines and
motors; feed water regulators; pressure regulators; tension
adjusters; electrochemical generators, magneto-aerodynamic
units; air flters; water flters; pumping equipment; flters
(parts of machines or engines), flter presses; non-return
valves; clock-making machines and tools; weaving looms for
stationery; rollers for stationery; water-marking equipment;
seals in all kinds of different plastics; fttings for engine
boilers; diaphragms for pumps; moulds (parts of machines);
can openers, electric; whisks, electric, for household purposes;
propulsion mechanisms other than for land vehicles (in
particular for marine applications); spray guns for paint;
lifts (other than ski-lifts); elevators (lifts); speed regulators,
electronic, for electric motors; electric motors, their variable
speed drive combinations; painting machines [Class 7];
Scientifc, electro technical, nautical, surveying, acoustic,
photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring,
signalling, regulation, control, protection, surveillance, cut-
off, checking (supervision), life-saving, meteorological,
oceanological apparatus and instruments; products and
apparatus for the control of motors and electrical, electronic
and computer equipment; apparatus and instruments for
conducting, distributing, transforming, accumulating,
adjusting or controlling electric current; teaching apparatus and
instruments; apparatus for entering, recording, transmission
or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers;
phonograph records; automatic vending machines and
mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers;
calculating machines; data processing equipment; computer
software; fire extinguishers; accumulators and batteries,
electric; fuel cells; cryostats; loaders; coils; electronic
components; semi-conductors; printed circuits; electronic
tubes; electrical conductors; communication and energy
transmission wires and cables; junction sheaths and sleeves
for electric cables and identifcation threads and sheaths
for electric wires; welding equipment; ducts (electricity);
sub-stations, switchboards, control and instrumentation
panels, decentralized power generation stations; high
voltage equipment, i.e., circuit breakers, isolating switches,
lightning arresters, measuring reducers for all voltages and
of all kinds (including optoelectronic) for internal, external
or metal-clad sub-stations (armoured sub-stations); medium
and low voltage equipment, i.e. transformer panels and sub-
stations, switches, isolating switches, contactors, lightning
arresters, circuit breakers, fuses, reclosers and associated
equipment; transformers; power outlets; switches; junction
boxes; measuring reducers; circuit breakers; line isolators;
distribution sub-stations; apparatus and facilities for
entering, storage, calculation, conversion and transmission
of data; computers and peripheral devices; equipment and
facilities for communications and telecommunications by
wire, cable and radio; radio and television apparatus; tape
recorders; record-players; compact disc players; telephones;
optical and electro-optical equipment; lasers; masers;
bolometers; pyrometers; calorimeters; thermocouples,
counters, pedometers, taximeters; speed and voltage variators
for vehicles and light regulators; speed checking apparatus for
vehicles; alarms, order transmitters, warning systems; signs,
luminous or mechanical; acoustic and optical signalling,
sirens, communications and telecommunications equipment;
modulators, transmitters, receivers, aerials, wave guides,
television and radio broadcasting equipment for general
public and professionals; telephone exchanges; printed
circuits; interphones; all apparatus and instruments relative to
infrasound measurements and analyses; rectifers; amplifers;
radio-guidance equipment; loudspeakers; regulators for
voltage, current, power, control and frequency; urban, road
and railway signalling; signs, luminous; static and rotating
converters; energy converters; resistances, electric; rheostats;
condensers (capacitors), magnets; prefabricated ducts
(electricity); conductors, electric, of all metals; household
appliances; scales; thermostats; diaphragms; relays, i.e. remote
controlled relays, electric relays, protection relays and auxiliary
relays, indicators, transducers and monitoring, analysis,
communication and control systems for electric networks
and power generation stations and electrical equipment;
armored or conventional electric sub-stations; metal-clad
sub-stations (armored sub-stations) for electric transmission
and distribution networks; electrical network control and test
systems; conversion sub-stations; compensators, in particular
reactive energy compensators, electric control panels; electric
test equipment and stations; programmable logic controllers;
monitoring, control and supervision material and equipment for
automated processes for industry and production, transmission
and distribution of energy; monitoring, control and supervision
material and equipment for access to sites, buildings and
industrial infrastructures; industrial communication material
and equipment; programmable controllers and peripheral
equipment; logic control computers; electrical energy
conversion material and equipment; telecommunications
equipment on energy transmission lines; electronic printed
circuit cards; electronic microcircuits; software for the
implementation and operation of microcircuits or electronic
cards; control and supervision software for automated
processes; programming, implementation and operating
software for all the equipment, hardware and software
mentioned above; lighting regulators; marking equipment
for airport runways’ [Class 9];
Installations, apparatus for lighting, air conditioning,
heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying,
ventilating, water supply; dampers (heating), installations
for sanitary purposes and in particular air flters, water
flters; household appliances; cookers, refrigerators; nuclear
reactors; generators; installations for the treatment of fuels
and nuclear moderators; heating machines, boiler collectors;
taps (faucets); electrical tubes; sockets; industrial water
boilers; burners; worked fttings for ovens and furnaces;
refractory materials for protection of furnaces; sterilizers,
pasteurizers; taps (faucets); lighting equipment for airport
runways; flters (parts of domestic or industrial facilities);
air dryers; sockets; apparatus and machines for purifcation
of air and water [Class 11];
Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air, water or
on rail; ships; electric vehicles; engines and engine parts,
spare parts for land vehicles; pneumatic shock absorbers;
transmission belts and associated gears; air pumps (vehicle
accessories); transmission shafts for land vehicles; engines
and all kinds of propulsion mechanisms for land vehicles
[Class 12];
Paper and cardboard (unprocessed, semi-processed or for
stationery); printed matter; drawing pins; bookbinding
material; photographs; stationery; printed matter;
newspapers; periodicals; books; adhesives for stationery
or household purposes; paint brushes; typewriters and offce
requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching
material (except apparatus); printers’ type; printing blocks;
wrapping paper. [Class 16];
Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, balata and substitutes; asbestos,
mica; gaskets; sheets, plates and sticks made of plastic
materials (semi-fnished products); semi-processed plastic
products; packing, stopping and insulating materials;
flexible pipes, not of metal; waterproof or insulation
packings; rolled and profled pipes for buildings [Class 17];
Building materials (non-metallic); waterproof coverings,
not of metal, prefabricated items, road-building products;
non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and
bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments,
not of metal; storage tanks; signs, not of metal (non-
luminous and non-mechanical); urban, road and railway
signs; prefabricated pipelines; refractory products for the
protection of furnaces; bituminous products; prefabricated
building materials; building materials; natural and artifcial
stones, cement, lime, mortar, plaster and gravel; upright
columns; rolled and profled pipes for buildings; concrete
posts; refractory bricks [Class 19];
Fabrics for textile use; bed or table covers; cloth, fabric and
felt for technical purposes [Class 24];
Advertising; business management, business administration;
offce functions; distribution of prospectuses and samples;
arranging newspapers subscriptions for others; business
information and consultancy; accounting; document
reproduction; employment agencies; computerized fle
management; organization of exhibitions for commercial or
advertising purposes; recording, transcription, composition,
compilation or systemization of written communications
and recordings; exploitation or compilation of mathematical
or statistical data; business organization consultancy;
administrative management of road, rail, port and air
transport networks [Class 35];
Insurance; fnancial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate
affairs; contingency funds; issuing of travellers’ checks
and letters of credit; real estate appraisal; apartment house
management; exchange agencies or clearing (fnancial)
services; credit institutions; securities and property broker
services; rental, appraisal of real estate property or fnancial
backing services; fnancing services [Class 36];
Building construction; maintenance and repair of all kinds of
apparatus, all kinds of equipment and all kinds of machines
relating to the felds of electrical engineering, electronics,
mechanics, transport of electricity, the nuclear sector,
locomotion, in particular by rail, electrochemistry, civil
engineering, building construction, drilling, soil and sea
bed prospecting; installation, operation (implementation)
and maintenance of all kinds of apparatus, all kinds of
equipment and all kinds of machines relating to the electro
Continued to page 31
Business 31 www.mmtimes.com
renovate a roof of
a residential lane
house in Shanghai
on August 21.
Foreign direct
investment (FDI)
into China dropped
by more than a
sixth year-on-
year to a two-year
low in July, the
government said,
but denied any link
to Beijing’s multiple
probes into foreign
Photo: AFP
technical, electronics, mechanics and transport of electricity
felds, the nuclear sector, locomotion, in particular by rail,
electrochemistry, civil engineering, building construction,
drilling, soil and sea bed prospecting; rental of all kinds
of apparatus, all kinds of equipment and all kinds of
machines relating to the felds of mechanics, transport of
electricity, the nuclear sector, civil engineering, building
construction, drilling, soil and sea bed prospecting;
decontamination; construction of turnkey factories; public
and private construction works; engineering; construction
project inspections; public works; rural works; drilling
of wells; rental of tools and construction equipment,
bulldozers, tree-uprooting equipment; maintenance or
cleaning of buildings, premises and foors (cleaning of
façades, disinfecting, rat exterminating); maintenance or
cleaning of various objects (laundry); repair, alterations
to clothing; retreading or vulcanization of tires; shoe
repair; construction of buildings, roads, bridges, barriers
or transmission lines; painting, plumbing, installation of
heating or roofng; naval construction; rental of tools or
construction equipment; conducting of projects relating to
energy distribution and transport infrastructures; painting;
operation (implementation) and management (maintenance
and repair) of all kinds of apparatus, all kinds of equipment
and all kinds of machines relating to the electro technical,
electronics, mechanics and transport of electricity felds,
the nuclear sector, locomotion, electrochemistry, civil
engineering, building construction, drilling, soil and sea
bed prospecting; painting of bodies for vehicles [Class 37];
Telecommunications; news and press agencies;
communications via computer terminals; broadcasting of
radio or television programs [Class 38];
Transport; packaging, handling, warehousing and delivery of
goods; transport and distribution of energy; travel arrangement;
delivery of newspapers; transport and distribution of water and
electricity; transhipment services; loading and unloading of
luggage and goods; maritime towing, refoating of ships;
garage rental; booking of seats for travel; rental of vehicles for
transport; rescue of vessels in distress and the cargo thereof;
information relating to travel or transport of goods; inspection
of vehicles or goods before transport; rescue operations;
operation of road, rail, port and air transport networks; rental
of all kinds of apparatus, all kinds of equipment and all kinds
of machines for locomotion, in particular by rail [Class 39];
Treatment of materials; galvanization; cathodic protection;
sintering of materials; treatment of plastic; electric soldering;
processing of agricultural products for others (wine-making,
distillation, threshing, pressing of fruits, flour milling);
sawmills, planning, cutting, shaping, polishing, coating with
metal; coloration of textiles or clothing; waterproofng of
textiles; binding of documents; tin-plating; purifcation and
regeneration of the air; vulcanization (treatment of materials);
photographic printing [Class 40];
Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting
and cultural activities; publication of books and magazines;
lending libraries; production of shows and flms; theatrical
agencies; rental of flms, sound recordings, cinema projection
apparatus and accessories for theatre sets; organization of
competitions relating to education or entertainment; arranging
and conducting of colloquiums, conferences and congresses;
organization of exhibitions for cultural or educational
purposes; lotteries; booking of seats for shows; videotape
editing [Class 41];
Scientifc and technological services and research and design
relating thereto, namely: evaluations, assessments and research
in the scientifc and technological felds provided by engineers;
computer programming, design of computer software;
technical project studies relating to all kinds of apparatus,
all kinds of equipment and all kinds of machines relating to
the felds of electrical engineering, electronics, mechanics,
transport of electricity, the nuclear sector, locomotion,
electrochemistry, civil engineering, building construction,
drilling, soil and sea bed prospecting; hydrodynamic
testing and studies; surveying, testing of materials and of
goods; laboratory work; project studies relating to turnkey
factories; prospecting; rental of clothing, of bedding, and
of dispensing devices; printed matter; rental of access
time to a database server; reporting; videotape flming;
management of exhibition sites; engineering reports,
research, appraisals and evaluations; engineering, design,
development and monitoring of turnkey projects relating to
energy distribution and transport infrastructures; oil-well
testing; quality control; security consultancy[Class 42];
Legal services; security services for the protection of
property and individuals [Class 45];
The said trade mark is the subject of Declaration of
Ownership recorded with the Registrar of Deeds and
Assurances, Yangon, Myanmar, in Book under No.
IV/10018/2013Dated 10
September, 2013.
Any infringement or colourable imitation thereof or other
infringement of the rights of the said corporation will be
dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
By its Attorney
Remfry & Sagar
Dated: 25
August, 2014
Continued from page 30
Bangkok dodges near-recession
Thailand’s economy grew 0.9 percent
in the second quarter, dodging reces-
sion after the military ended months
of political deadlock with a coup and
promised to unshackle spending.
The junta, under coup-leading
Army Chief Prayut Chan-O-Cha, has
pegged its legitimacy to improving
the economy after months of political
protests froze government spend-
ing, scared off tourists and battered
consumer spending.
Between April and June the econo-
my crept back to life with 0.9 percent
growth after shrinking a revised 1.9pc
in the preceding three months.
StanChart fined for oversight
New York state’s banking regulator
hit Standard Chartered Bank with a
US$300 million fine and restrictions
on its dollar-clearing business for
failing to detect possible money-
laundering. The New York Department
of Financial Services (DFS) said on
August 19 the British bank’s internal
compliance systems had failed to
detect or act on a large number of
“potentially high-risk transactions”
mostly originating from Hong Kong
and the United Arab Emirates.
The new punishment came two
years after the bank paid US regula-
tors $667 million to settle charges
it violated US sanctions by handling
thousands of money transactions
involving Iran, Myanmar, Libya and
Fukushima rice exports to restart
Japan is to restart exports of rice
grown in Fukushima for the first
time since foreign sales were halted
due to fears of contamination by the
nuclear disaster there, officials said
on August 19. The National Federation
of Agricultural Cooperative Associa-
tions (Zen-Noh), a major wholesaler of
Japanese agricultural products, said it
will send 300 kilograms (660 pounds)
of the grain to Singapore.
Its provenance will be marked and it
will not be mixed with other produce,
an official said. The rice was grown
some 60-80 kilometres (37-50 miles)
west of Fukushima. – AFP
A PLAN by Southeast Asian coun-
tries to establish a European Union-
inspired single market next year
could worsen inequality and is likely
to benefit men more than women, a
new study warned last week.
The Association of Southeast
Asian Nations (ASEAN) has set
2015 as the target to create a single
economic market across the 10-na-
tion bloc that is home to some 600
million people.
It is aimed at improving the flow
of goods, services, investment and
labour around the region, whose
economic powers have long faced
criticism for failing to work togeth-
er more efectively.
The single market could add an
extra 14 million new jobs and boost
Southeast Asia’s annual growth 7.1
percent by 2025, according to the
joint study by the UN’s Interna-
tional Labour Organisation and the
Asian Development Bank.
However it also warned the
gains may not be evenly distribut-
ed, and the plan could increase al-
ready large gaps between rich and
poor across the region.
“Unless decisively managed, this
could increase inequality and worsen
existing labour market deficits – such
as vulnerable and informal employ-
ment, and working poverty,” the
study – released on August 20 – said.
It called for Southeast Asian
countries to develop policies that
support “inclusive and fair devel-
opment” and to improve social pro-
The study also found that the
share of new jobs going to women
across the region would be smaller
than those going to men.
Sukti Dasgupta, an Internation-
al Labour Organisation economist
and researcher on the study, said
this was due to the sectors that
were likely to be boosted by inte-
gration, such as construction and
The study found that integration
would benefit Cambodia, as well
as other lower-income countries,
the most, while hitting Indonesia,
Southeast Asia’s top economy, the
Growth in Southeast Asia’s
economies has been impressive in
the past 50 years and helped spawn
millions of new middle class work-
ers and attracted foreign invest-
ment to the region.
However, wealth gaps are huge
within the ASEAN bloc, which in-
cludes rich countries like Singa-
pore, middle-income nations such
as Indonesia and Malaysia, and
lower-income ones such as Cambo-
dia and Myanmar.
ASEAN market could worsen inequality
32 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
MYANMAR is working hard to
make the difficult economic tran-
sition from its current status as
a Least Developed Country to its
once-held spot as one of the most
developed Asian economies.
Urged on by many international
and domestic experts, sweeping
liberalisation reforms are being
pursued by the government, with
the aims of developing a robust
market economy while opening the
country to foreign investment and
expertise after decades of relative
Yet some experts are calling for
Myanmar to develop an industrial
policy including strong “infant in-
dustry” protection for export-ori-
ented industries. Infant industry
protection means using barriers
and restrictions to protect busi-
nesses in industries where they
cannot yet compete on the inter-
national market, in the hopes these
businesses will grow into becoming
a major, internationally competi-
tive industry.
While many countries including
Myanmar had pursued failed pro-
tectionist policies in the past, pro-
ponents of infant industries say it is
important the policies are targeted
at making companies international-
ly competitive rather than focusing
on the domestic market.
Cambridge University political
economist Ha-Joon Chang has writ-
ten extensively on the importance
of export-oriented industry in eco-
nomic development. He visited My-
anmar on August 11 and 12, giving
seminars in Nay Pyi Taw and Yan-
gon, hosted by ActionAid Myanmar,
on how other countries have devel-
He said economies as diverse
as 1500s Great Britain and post-
independence United States and
the more recent Asian Tiger suc-
cess stories of South Korea, Taiwan,
Hong Kong and Singapore all used
protectionist policies to build up
an industrial base before gradually
opening markets to foreign compe-
Japan’s protection of its auto-
mobile industry gave rise to firms
like Toyota, while POSCO steel and
Samsung electronics grew out of
South Korea’s protectionist poli-
cies, he said.
Yet some of these same coun-
tries often urge today’s developing
countries to adopt a free market
approach, claiming a level playing
field is necessary, said Mr Chang.
“But it is a wrong principle to
apply [to a place like] Myanmar,
when the players are unequal,” he
said. “Myanmar companies have to
compete against companies in the
US or Japan.”
Mr Chang also likened a devel-
oped country’s companies compet-
ing with a developing economy’s
firms on an equal playing field as
similar to a team of adult men play-
ing football against a team of young
While other economists have
also called for an industrial policy,
Mr Chang stands out in calling for
states to prioritise industrial de-
velopment far from their existing
relative strengths, or “comparative
advantages” in economic parlance.
In Myanmar, ADB deputy coun-
try director Peter Brimble said it
is nothing new to say that there is
a role for industrial policy in eco-
nomic development, nor is it new
to talk about the “infant industry”
argument for protection.
“But one needs to be very careful
about ignoring the context within
which policy is being formulated
- and clearly England some centu-
ries ago and the United States and
Germany in the 1800s, and even
Taiwan, Korea and Singapore this
century, faced very diferent global
contexts than Myanmar today,” Mr
Brimble said.
“And also to be careful not to
confuse the implementation of in-
dustrial policy with blunt and shal-
low appeals to nationalism and pro-
tectionism,” he added.
Mr Brimble said there is a role
to be played by a carefully devel-
oped industrial policy, while policy
development needs to take account
of the context and be implemented
U Aung Naing Oo, the director
general of the Directorate of Com-
panies Administration, told The
Myanmar Times that Myanmar
needs to be in line with the ASEAN
framework on trade and invest-
ment, even though the policy may
not always be 100 percent appro-
priate for all countries.
“We need to balance between
protectionism and free flow [of
trade], no single policy fits all coun-
tries,” he said.
Others are calling for Myanmar
to take a generally more protection-
ist stance overall.
Rick Rowden, a PhD student at
India’s Jawaharlal Nehru University
who shared the stage with Mr Chang,
said he would like to see Myanmar
withdraw from the ASEAN Economic
Community – or at least extend the
time until it has to lower trade barri-
ers. He also called for a development
bank and restrictions on capital flows,
among other measures, as crucial to
develop domestic industry and the
Tough economic choices lie
ahead for Myanmar, not the least
of which is how it approaches in-
dustrial development. There are
strong, intelligent voices advocat-
ing for various positions on infant
industry protection, but whatever
mix of policies it pursues, decision-
makers must realise that now is no
time for withdrawing inward.
Tackling the infant industry debate
Economist Ha-Joon Chang.
Photo: Wkimedia Commons
Although most experts agree on some room for an industrial policy, the level of protection for new industries is a matter of fierce debate.
Economists have debated how much is too much protectionism for future export-oriented industry in the country.
We are a foreign company setting up offce in Yangon and are looking for suitably candidates for the following
A. Head Principal - 1 Position
Senior Qualifed Teacher with many years of experience in teaching. Preferably with daytoday administrative
and operation experience in running a nursery school. Candidates who is currently with a reputed nursery school
in the similar position will be viewedfavorably.
B. Teachers – 4 Positions
Qualifed teachers with experience in teaching children in the group age from 3 – 6 years old. Able to develop
the social and communication skills of children under the school teaching guidelines.
Requirement for Nursery School Position A & B:
a. Tertiary Education with Qualifed Teaching Certifcate recognized by the Ministry of Myanmar
b. Able to write, read and communicate in both Myanmar and English languages
c. Computer literacy
A. Manager/Engineers – 2 Positions
Marketing and Sales, Overseeing Projects and Orders Execution, Managing Sub-Contractors and Suppliers.
B. Administrative, Logistic and Accounting Offcer – 1 Position
Manages Company Expenditures, Logistic and Storage Coordination, Accounting andDocumentation Control
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Marketing and sales, raise quotations and follow-up with Customers for feedback.
Manage and monitor secured orders and delivery to Customers. Assist with the pricing for projects tender.
D. Drafts Person - 2 Positions
Must be fully conversant with AutoCAD for mechanical and electrical engineering related drafting jobs and
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Quantity Surveying/ Building Services with 5-10 years experiences and knowledgeable in MS Offce/Excel. Job
responsibilities include project claims andcontract administration, cost estimation, sourcing for quotations, etc.
Requirement for Engineering Firm Position A To E:
a. Tertiary Education with relevant experience
b. Able to write, read and communicate in both Myanmar and English languages
c. Computer literacy
Salary to commensurate with experience & qualifcation.
Interested applicants are invited to email your detailed resume, contact number, present
& expected salary to yong6869@gmail.com. Our key management will be in Yangon in September to
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The United Nations Offce for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
(UNOCHA) is seeking the applications from dynamic and highly motivated
Myanmar nationals for the following vacancy. Detailed terms of reference/
requirements for vacancy can be requested at the UNOCHA Offce. The position
below is Fixed Term Appointment for 1 year with possibility of extension.
1. Field Coordination Offcer (NOA, 1 position)
Duty station: Sittwe, Rakhine State
• A completed bachelor degree in Economics, Social Sciences, International
Relations, Political Sciences or related feld.
• Minimum 2 years of progressively relevant professional experience in the
feld of humanitarian/ recovery affairs and/or on communications/ reporting
• Ability to write clearly and concisely in English and local language(s) including
verbal translations.
• Strong computer skills.
• Proven high-level representation skills, such as speaking at meetings and
providing situational analysis.
• Proven capacity to work effectively in small teams.
• Experience working in a complex settings that requires sound judgment, and
operational fexibility.
• Fluency in English and Myanmar language.
• Knowledge of any other local languages will be an asset.
Candidates should clearly indicate the Vacancy Number and Post Title in their
applications, and should submit them together with complete duly flled UN-
P11 form, bio-data stating personal details, academic qualifcation and work
experience, copies of educational credentials, and a recent passport sized
photograph. Applications should be addressed to:
Admin and HR Unit, UNOCHA Myanmar
Room (211), No (5), Kanbawza Street, Shwe Taung Kyar (2) Ward,
Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar (In front of Pearl Condo)
Closing Date: Monday, 8 September 2014 (COB)
Only short-listed candidates will be notifed. Interviews will be competency
Vacancy Notice
VN No. 2014/012
UNFPA – because everyone counts.
The United Nations Population Fund: Delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and
every young person’s potential is fulflled.
Interested in being part of a multi-cultural team delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe,
every young person's potential is fulflled in Myanmar? Come and join us, because at UNFPA, everyone counts. We are
seeking a creative, dynamic and highly motivated individual to join our growing effort to drive forward to the next level of
UNFPA country programme on population, gender equality and reproductive health and rights for the people in Myanmar.
If you’re looking for an opportunity to make a difference, thrive in a challenging yet rewarding teamwork environment, we
wish to hear from you.
Position Type of Contract Grade Duty Station Deadline
Field Coordinator Service Contract SC9 Sittwe 5 September 2014
Applications should be addressed to UNFPA Representative. Attention: International Operations Manager, Room A-07,
UNFPA, No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon.
Email: myanmar.offce@unfpa.org
For further details, please see the vacancy announcement posted at UN billboard. No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon and also
at UNFPA website (http://myanmar.unfpa.org)
Applications will be considered only when meeting all requirements set in detailed vacancy announcement.
One of our worldwide power supply company is looking
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Job description:
• 10+ years experience as a power industry engineer/
• Currently employed by the leading service providers /
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• Fluent in Burmese and English
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For more information, please contact Executive Search
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Email- esearch.myanmar@gmail.com
No. 851/853 (A/B), 3rd Floor, Room (7/8), Bogyoke Aung San Road,
Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: (951) 229 437, 09 49 227 773, 09 730 94007
Email: esearch@yangon.net.mm, esearch.myanmar@gmail.com
www.esearchmyanmar.com www.facebook.com/esearchmyanmar



BUSINESS EDITOR: Jeremy Mullins | jeremymullins7@gmail.com
THE partial collapse of a building
in Yangon has highlighted the im-
portance of quality construction,
particularly given the dozens of
large-scale projects planned for the
The roof on the top of a six-
storey building in Tarmwe town-
ship caved in on the flat below on
August 17, with building residents
forced to vacate immediate.
Neighbours said the building
was constructed 15 years ago, and
are now worried about the safety of
their own apartments, with some
pointing to a lack of attention to
proper building standards.
Developers should take care not
to cut corners, according to experts.
“A real contractor has to put the
safety of residents as the first prior-
ity, and should think about it 100
percent,” said U Tha Aye, vice presi-
dent of Myanmar Construction En-
trepreneurs Association.
“Quality of materials, consid-
eration to safety and use of proper
techniques are also crucial,” he
The issue of proper construction
is more crucial than ever given the
large number of buildings planned
for Yangon.
Department of Human Settle-
ment and Housing Development
director Daw Aye Aye Myint said in
March that there are 53 buildings
over 20 storeys tall to be construct-
ed over the next two years, with
another 38 proposals in the works.
The department’s figures show
over 36,000 housing units were de-
veloped from 2005 to 2010, about
70pc of which were done by private
Yangon City Development Com-
mission (YCDC) Building Depart-
ment ofcial U Thant Zin Myat said
the engineer in charge of construc-
tion is crucial to putting up a good
“Every construction site must
Residents worry after building cave-in
The Tarmwe township roof collapse. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
Dawbon township is now a mix of small wooden houses and modern condominiums.
Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
DOWNTOWN condominium prices
are leading the charge for more ex-
pensive real estate in Yangon.
While properties across the
board have increased in the last
three years, a large influx of peo-
ple wanting to move downtown are
leading to a climbing market, even
as more projects come online, real
estate agents say.
The most expensive units are on
the four main east–west roads in
the downtown core, said Ko Sawr
Lay, agent from Shwe Trigan real
estate. Newly-built, good quality
condominiums on Bogyoke Aung
San, Anawrahta, Maha Bandoola
and Strand roads now cost between
K250 and K300 million each.
“Prices are so high downtown
compared to two years ago, even
though there are more projects,”
said Ko Sawr Lay.
However, he dismissed concerns
about a possible bubble in the short-
term, claiming there are increasing
numbers of business and residents
moving downtown.
“Compared with two years ago,
there are so many high-rise con-
struction projects in the downtown
area, but still, prices are higher,” he
told The Myanmar Times.
“Downtown condos and apart-
ments won’t see a demand drop any
time soon – even though prices are
high – because most businesses and
residents are gathered there,” he
Ground floor apartments are in
particular demand to rent out to
businesses, said Ma Myat Thu, agent
from Moe Myint Thawdar real es-
She said it is not just property on
the four main roads that has become
New condominiums in build-
ings with elevators in the down-
town streets with numbrs instead
of names – usually indicating a side
street – are now starting at about
K200 million.
“We get a lot of clients looking to
rent downtown, in areas like Lan-
madaw, Latha and Kyauktada town-
ships. Dagon and Bahan, which are
near downtown, are also popular,”
she said.
Yangon is attracting lots of
people from the other regions
and states, and they are often
DAWBON township has a reputa-
tion as a place to drive through, not
a place to live in. Sandwiched be-
tween Thaketa township and the Pa-
zundaung creek, and previously host
to poor infrastructure links and con-
stant flooding, at first glance it did
not seem to have a lot going for it.
But rising prices for Yangon real
estate are leading buyers to seek out
previously forgotten areas.
Developers say they are starting
to notice Dawbon. The large Star City
project in nearby Thanlyin township
brought buyers through the area,
while improved infrastructure links
across to the Pazundaung creek to
Yangon have eased transportation
Although Dawbon does not yet
have the large-scale construction
projects common in other Yangon
townships, it is becoming home to
lots of smaller projects, and looks
ripe to attract some larger develop-
“Dawbon is only a 20-minute
drive from downtown and close to
Thanlyin township, which has good
housing projects,” said Ko Min Min
Soe, senior agent of Mya Pan Thakin
real estate.
“Because it’s between Thanlyin
and downtown, it’s only natural pric-
es would rise there,” he said.
Speculators have previously
skipped over the township, as it has
been beset by flooding. But with
better roads, a large number of
apartments and condominiums are
under construction in the township,
said U Aung Min from Myat Min
It also had poor transportation
links to downtown until the Maha
Bandoola bridge was completed in
Local resident U Myint Aye said
nobody had wanted to live there
before because of the transporta-
tion problems and constant road
“Many people have been moving
here with the new roads being con-
structed,” he said.
Higher property prices have re-
sulted from the out-of-area buyers.
Although it is increasingly gaining a
reputation as a bedroom community,
it has narrow lots and has attracted
little attention from those wanting
to start businesses, said U Yan Aung,
general manager of Asia Builder
“Still, it’s a lot closer to downtown
than other bedroom communities to
the north of the city,” he said.
Real estate agents quoted prices
to The Myanmar Times starting at
K100 million for condominiums
with elevators, with more simple
flats selling for K40 million to K50
Speculators are actively pur-
chasing condominiums in the area,
though there is less interest in its
small housing market, said Galaxy
real estate agent Daw Cho Cho Win.
“It’s not only the Dawbon rental
market that’s active, we’re also see-
ing lots of buying and selling there
– though the price is climbing high,
obviously,” she said. “The fact that
it’s in a good location is becoming
more obvious.”
The spate in buildings has led
to two Dawbons: on the one hand
there are parts with lots of mod-
ern condominiums, while other ar-
eas are predominatelty undeveloped
wooden huts. U Yan Aung said that
if trends continue there will soon be
a lot more condominiums. Already
condominiums right next to wooden
huts is a common sight.
“Dawbon township gets more de-
veloped the closer you are to Maha
Bandoola bridge [which links to Yan-
gon’s downtown],” U Yan Aung said.
“It’s likely more buildings will be
built and land prices will continue
growing, and many more people will
be interested to live there.”
Overlooked Dawbon
drawing developers
for location and price
Sule Pagoda
New units particularly on the four main east-west roads are much sought after for their good locations near businesses and social spots
Starting price of condominiums in
new buildings on the main downtown
roads, according to realtors
Downtown condominiums at the front of property boom
“By simply removing children from work, it could easily make
them slide into other works that could be much worse.”
— Selim Banaissa, ILO official, on the child labour problem
Thai general sheds
uniform as prime minister
Residents worry after building cave-in
MA Moe Thidar is like many would-be
real estate agents when she says she
is keen on real estate but has little
knowledge of the field.
Young people are increasingly in-
terested in getting involved in the sec-
tor, eyeing opportunities in the rap-
idly growing Yangon property market
– though formal knowledge is often
lacking, say some agents.
A number of classes have sprung
up recently to train such workers,
though others say the sector is not too
complicated and it is easiest to learn
by doing.
Phoenix Real Estate agent Ko Tun
Tun said he has been in the field over
20 years without formal training.
“I was interested in the field so I
started work without any training,” he
said. “At the time there was no train-
ing like there is now.”
The firm does not require formal
training when it hires people, instead
following a training-by-doing policy.
“We do not train our staf [for-
mally] because I have no time, but
we teach the people in the field,” he
said. “It is not an easy job but not dif-
ficult for people who are interested in
Real estate agent companies are
required to have licences, but each in-
dividual agent is not required to have
a licence, he added.
Still, some are touting the advan-
tages of formal education in the sector.
U Sai Kun Naung from Sai Kun
Naung Real Estate has been running
training for four years.
At first the firm mainly attracted
candidate CVs from people with previ-
ous experience like sailors and doctors,
but is now receiving more interest from
younger people, he said.
U Sai Kun Naung said he received
160 CVs for 20 spots on his most re-
cent course, adding that many of the
graduates go on to work at his friends’
His week-long course focuses on
gaining knowledge pertinent to the
field, in areas such as technical vo-
cabulary, making measurements, laws,
ethics and services.
“People who attend this training
become good employees and value the
ethics,” he said.
One student, Ma Min Min Khant,
said she has been working in the field
for a short time, but thinks the train-
ing will make her more efective.
“I entered the field when my friends
requested my help in finding them a
house. I helped them and slowly I got
interested in the field,” she said.
Not all agents see need for
formal property training
build fast, finish
fast and take their
money fast.’
Ko Hlaing Myat
Yangon resident
keen to relocate downtown near
employment opportunities, said U
Maung Aye, central executive com-
mittee member of the Myanmar
Real Estate Association.
“Yangon is full of migrant work-
ers, families and students, as well as
foreign investors and workers,” he
Many of the recent residents aim
to move downtown, as it has lots of
workplaces and social goings-on,
despite transportation often being
a challenge.
“While transportation is not
easy, people come downtown for
businesses, ofces and classes.”
While some analysts have spo-
ken of the possibility of a property
bubble, Phoenix real estate agent
Ko Htun Htun said he has not seen
signs yet that the market will slow
down. Demand has continued to be
strong, though prices have not seen
the large gains of previous years.
However, property dealers are
eyeing all the proposed high-end
condominiums announced for con-
struction in Yangon, attempting to
anticipate what efect that will have
as they come online in the next few
years, he said.
Although many large-scale pro-
jects have been announced, not all
of them are likely to be seen through
to completion.
Another unknown is the condo
law, which has been much-discussed
and undergone several drafts but
has not yet passed into law.
Sai Kun Naung real estate mar-
keting manager Ko Hein Zaw said
many would–be investors are also
wary of a potential impact from the
condominium law when it is finally
passed. But with the large demand
from foreigners and for rentals con-
tinues, condo prices will likely keep
climbing year–on–year.
Previous drafts of the condomin-
ium law have included provisions
allowing for foreign ownership up
to a certain amount of a building,
and above the fourth floor.
New units particularly on the four main east-west roads are much sought after for their good locations near businesses and social spots
Downtown condominiums at the front of property boom
have an engineer-in-charge, and
that person supervises the choice
of building materials, the works,
procedures and so on,” he said.
While YCDC conducts spot-
checks of sites, it does not have the
resources to check every construc-
tion site all the time, he said. Of-
ten ofcials will check in on a site
when the foundation is being laid,
after receiving a notification from
The inspection teams are to
take action if the developers are
found breaking the rules. In the
most serious cases, construction
can be halted or licences cancelled,
said U Than Zin Myat. However,
he declined to reveal the number
of incidents in which this had hap-
pened, saying he could not recall
the number.
“But low construction quality
isn’t the only reason that damages
new buildings. There are often
other unexpected reasons,” he said.
The Tarmwe township roof col-
lapse is at least the seventh such
incident in the period from 2012 to
2014. Previous incidents including
the back wall falling out of a six-
year-old building in Ahlone town-
ship and the collapse of a stair
case in a four storey building in
Mingalar Taung Nyunt township
in 2013.
Not all Yangon residents are
convinced they inhabit the safest
Ko Hlaing Myat said that while
he may not live in a high-quality
apartment, he has no choice.
“Even though the building I am
living in is only a few years old,
the emergency stairs are already
covered with rust and are useless,”
he said. “It is clear that buildings
around Yangon have many con-
tractors who don’t use high-qual-
ity materials – but people have no
choice on where to live.”
Ko Hlaing Myat lives on the top
floor of a seven-storey building
finished in 2008, and is particu-
larly worried about the emergency
stairwell, which he says has rusted
away and is inoperable.
He called for more government
inspections, not only of a build-
ing’s specifications but also the
quality of the materials, adding
contractors often work primar-
ily to get the project finished as
quickly as possible.
“They build fast, finish fast and
take their money fast,” said Ko
Hlaing Myat.
Last week’s problem in Tarm-
we highlights the need for con-
tractors to build quality projects.
Shoddy workmanship is increas-
ingly unacceptable given the ev-
er-bigger size of Yangon’s build-
ings, he said.
Ma Sandar, a government work-
er who lives in South Okkalapa
township, said she would never
buy an apartment after witness-
ing some of the poor construction
sites in her neighbourhood.
“There are so many construc-
tion companies, most of which
we’ve never heard of,” she said.
“It’s difcult to know how to rank
U Tha Aye said the NGO is wit-
nessing many people latch on to
the construction sector.
“As demand for residences in-
creases, lots of people are entering
the construction sector – includ-
ing those who work only for profit
and do not think about the lives of
the people inside the buildings,” he
The engineering courses in My-
anmar have improved consider-
ably and are now of international
quality, he said.
U Tha Aye added that if con-
struction qualities drop below the
standards taught on the engineer-
ing courses, it is because of a fail-
ure to follow the rules.
“Government ofcials already
have the rules and regulations to
be strict and take action.”
36 Property THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
YANGON mayor U Hla Myint said
an extension to Yangon City is be-
ing planned to the west of the exist-
ing city under the auspices of the
regional government, though other
members of the regional parlia-
ment said they had not heard of the
plan until the announcement.
Covering an estimated 30,000
acres, the expansion is required
because Yangon’s population has
been growing enormously with lit-
tle room left to accommodate the
people coming in, the mayor said
at a session of the Yangon Region
hluttaw on August 23.
The proposed new city is to be
situated between the Pan Hlaing
river and Twante canal, in the area
of Twante, Kyeemyindaing and Seik
Gyi Kha Naung To townships.
It will be built by Myanma Say-
tannar Myothit Public Company,
with a budget that U Hla Myint said
could reach into the billions of US
However, he did not provide
further details about the project,
including start dates and how they
chose this project. He did say that
the government and the company
have agreed to complete 70 percent
of the project within three years,
which is to include a number of
buildings, roads and bridges.
The Myanma Saytannar Myothit
Public Company could not be found
for comment.
However, some parliamentarians
said they had not heard of the pro-
ject before U Hla Myint’s comments
on August 22.
Daw Nyo Nyo Thin, member of
parliament in the Yangon Region
hluttaw, said the project was a sur-
prise even to hluttaw members un-
til U Hla Myint’s speech.
“I don’t understand why he
didn’t discuss the project [further],”
she said. “I think the government
has many secrets for the project.”
Regional hluttaw representative
U Myo Min Aung said it is not clear
how the budgets for the project are
to be estimated.
“They need to be clear about
how they handle the issues of trans-
forming farmers’ land into housing
area,” he said. “They [government
officials] said it was to be done in
accordance with the Land Act, but
they should be transparent about
U Win Myint said planners had
been discreet about the project to
reduce unnecessary risk, adding
that displaced people will be prop-
erly consulted.
Large extension for
Yangon on the table
Fears of a flight path overblown
When a well-meaning Yangonite says they live
near the Yangon International Airport, House of
the Week shudders a little.
It is not that the properties in the neighborhood
are inherently bad – indeed, the opposite is usually
true. Instead, the airport conjures up images of
an evening spent at a friend’s home directly in the
flight path. While the owners of that home natu-
rally paused their conversation during the frequent
landings, the close proximity of the airplanes got
House of the Week up far too early the next morn-
ing after a night of fitful and irrational terrors from
the possibility of an airplane deciding to land a few
hundred metres too early.
This house, thankfully, does not suffer from
the flight path problem despite its location. It is
just out of earshot and is quiet and peaceful; and
a fine place for an outdoor respite given its large
Located in Mayangone township just off Pyay
Road, it is about 1250 square feet, with one mas-
ter bedroom and two large single bathrooms, as
well as a living room, dining room and kitchen.
It comes with some furnishings, including
sofas and beds, but you will need to fill it out.
There is plenty of room to park on the 2250
square foot lot. It is conveniently located particu-
larly for those working uptown, and would also do
for a small home office. – Tin Yadanar Htun
Location : Lane off of Pyay Road, 10
Mayangone township
Price : K2 million (negotiable)
Contact : Estate Myanmar
Real Estate Agency
Phone : 09-43118787, 09-43031699
Sichuan Changhong Electric Co., Ltd, a company organized under the laws of
CHINA and having its principal offce at No. 35, East Mianxing Road, High-
Tech Park , Mainyang, Sichuan 621000, China is the owner and sole proprietor
of the following trademark:
Used in respect of : Dishwashers, Domestic electric crushers and grinders,
Electric crushers and grinders for household purposes, Mills for household
purposes other than hand-operated, Electric can openers, Pepper mills other
than hand-operated, Electric beaters, Coffee grinders other than hand-operated,
Electric blenders for household purposes, Electric kitchen machines, Electric
blenders for household purposes, Electric fruit presses for household purposes,
Electric food processors, Domestic vegetable slicer, Domestic meat cutter,
Domestic soybean milk machine, Washing machines, Dry cleaning machine.
(International Class 07)
Computers, Computer memories, Computer keyboards, Computer peripheral
equipments, Optical Discs, Printers for computer, Central device P:rocessing
Units, Disk drives, Laptops, PDA ( Personal Digital Assistant), Compact
discs (Storage reading devices), Magnetic identification cards, Recorded
computer programs, Micro processing units, Interfaces, Electronic dictionaries
(Instant dictionaries), Electronic notepads, Coupling equipments for data
processing, Horns for microphone, Monitors, Televisions, Batteries, Storage
cells, Battery chargers, Solar batteries, Zinc batteries, Batteries for lighting,
Vehicle batteries, Boxes fitted for battery , Battery jars, Cell switches
(Electricity), Wireless telephone, Radiotelegraphy sets, telephone receiving
and delivering machines, Telephones, phone receivers, Telephone equipments,
Visual telephones, Telephone transmitters, Audio and visual receiving
sets, Pagers, Acoustics conduits, Acoustics tubes, Megaphones, Overtime
reverberation ware, Cabinets for loudspeakers, Sound baffles(sound boards),
Earplug ware, Sound Connectors, Microphones, Power amplifiers, Digital
video disk players, Exciters, Equalizers, Surround processors, Walkmans, MP3
players, Closed-circuits television cameras, Digital hard disk videocassette
recorders, LED display screens, Television projection walls, Digital liquid
crystal displays, Plasma televisions, Incar TV, Electronic theft prevention
installations, Acoustic burglar alarms, Digital video control monitor units,
Print circuits, Integrated circuits, Integrated circuits blocks, Fluorescent
screens, Television Fluorescent screens, Home hold remote controllers,
Set-top boxes, satellite receivers, Ground wave receivers, Mobile receivers,
Electric relays, Plugs, Sockets and other contacts (electric connections),
Navigational instruments, Network communication devices, Sound location
instruments, Sonar navigation systems, Remote control devices for starting
electronic apparatus, Navigation apparatus for vehicles, Emergency mobile
phone chargers, Digital photo frames, GPS/GSM-based vehicle positioning
communication terminal, Satellite positioning systems for vehicles, telephone
apparatus, video CD-ROM players, loudspeakers, combustible gas revelation
alarms, electrostatic dust collectors, dust removing apparatus, X-rays
fluoroscopy machines for industrial purposes. (International Class 09)
Refrigerators, Refrigeration containers, Ice making machines, Air-conditioners,
Air purifying apparatus, Air dryers, Electric sterilizing equipment, Sterilizer
for dishes, Electric water heater (bottle), Electric hair dryer Water purification
installations, Water filtering apparatus, Filters (parts of household or industrial
installations), Water purifying apparatus and machines, Mineral Spring
kettles, Magnetic water wares, Water fountains, Water softening machines,
Electromagnetic ovens, Microwave ovens (cooking apparatus), Water heaters,
Ovens, Gas furnaces, Pressure cookers (pressurized cooking utensils),
Solar kitchen ranges, Electric kettles, Electric drinking utensils, Griddles
(cooking appliances), Stoves(Warning utensils), Hot plates, Air humidifiers,
Hair desiccators, Water soften apparatus and installations, Electric heaters,
Electric blankets, Foot warmers(electric or non-electric), Warming pots, Gas
lighters, Vehicle lighting installations, LED light decorations, Electric fans,
Electric cooking utensils, Pressure cookers, Coal gas water heater, electrical
water heater, Cooking appliances, Solar energy water heaters, Rice cookers,
Gas burners, Water tap, Terra seeps, Central heating slices, Central heating
radiators, Dampening machines for heater, Sinks, Flushing tanks, Hand drying
apparatus for washrooms, Bath warmers, Sauna installations, Range hoods,
Air conditioning apparatus, Electronic disinfectant apparatus, Disinfecting
cupboard, Ice cream making machine, Refrigerating container, Ice machines.
(International Class 11)
Any fraudulent imitation, infringements or unauthorized use of the above mark
will be dealt with the existing laws.
Ni Ni Myint (Advocate)
Email: nini_myint@baganmail.net.mm
Tel: + 95 9 512 7756
For. Sichuan Changhong Electric Co., Ltd, China
Dated. 25
August, 2014
Reg. No. 4/8511/2014
Science & Technology
Gadget Round-up
by Myo Satt
Available: KMD Sales & Service Centre, 174-182, Pansodan Road, Kyauktada Township, Yangon.
Ph: 01 385 177, 01-385 877
ProLink (PKCS-1003)
This high quality keyboard is a new product from
ProLink. The cord to connect to the computer is 1.35 m
– Translation by Thiri Min Htun
Nobi (NM-53)
These Japanese made wireless
mouses are adorable. Available in
three models.
Thanks to Microlab’s X-bass technology, the bass
sound is excellent on these speakers. Includes a
remote control.
ProLink 24’’ Widescreen LED Backlit TV Monitor
This monitor boasts great resolution and powerful
sound. Useful as TV or computer monitor, so it’s an
ideal choice for gamers.
Power Tree (S650BX)
This UPS stores 650 volts. or enough to be used for
8 to 20 minutes after a power outage. Needs about
eight hours to recharge.
PC Desktop
This PC Desktop
has Neolution Cas-
ing, an Intel Corei3
3.4 GHz(4130) CPU,
and a 4th Genera-
tion mother board.
If that sounds
like your kind of
computer, look no
MERCHANTS in Yangon are reporting
that the market for Ooredoo’s more ex-
pensive top-up cards has gone “cold”
as consumers lose interest in the com-
pany’s mobile internet services.
While K5000 and K3000 cards con-
tinue to sell at a regular pace, K10000
and K20000 cards tailored specifically
for the company’s internet packages
have plummeted in recent weeks.
According to interviews with both
consumers and retailers, many are
being turned away by an internet
network that remains spotty in many
parts of Yangon, the nation’s largest
mobile market.
“The selling rate of Ooredoo top-
up cards selling rate is cold in the
mobile market because Ooredoo SIM
cards have network problems in some
places,” said Ma Aye Aye, owner of A-
mobile shop in Yangon.
However, U Tun Tun, who owns a
chain of several mobile shops across
the city, said that while some of his
stores had noticed the drop, others are
making a tidy profit selling the expen-
sive cards.
“The selling rate has gone up in ar-
eas that have the best mobile network,
but the selling rate has gone down in
areas” with bad connections. “If Oore-
doo improves its mobile network in all
of Yangon, top-up card sales will rise
in the entire market” he said.
Ooredoo has already acknowledged
its connectivity issues in Yangon, and
has promised to build an additional
20 towers around the city for better
top-up card
market is ‘cold’
Ooredoo merchant in Yangon. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
CONTENT platform company
Mysquar will debut the beta version of
its new Myanmar-facing chat applica-
tion, MyChat, on August 27.
The free Android app will leverage
localized features like the Myanmar
language, stickers and emoticons to
do battle with international giants like
Viber and Facebook, which are already
popular with users here.
“It was custom-designed for the
Myanmar youth,” says Mysquar CEO
Linda Lim. “We don’t believe they
should have to adapt to foreign prod-
ucts. We think they should have
something that’s in their own lan-
The app lets users message friends,
engage in group chats, and ‘Look
Around’ for others on MyChat, who
will be listed and ranked by near-
ness. Users can swap between English
and Myanmar in the application and
pick pictures to express themselves in
“We have a collection of localized
stickers based on traditional, iconic
characters, as well as traditional toys,
but all very much based on Myanmar
culture,” Ms. Lim says. In the app, some
emoticons wear thanaka, while one
sticker set features an owl, an emblem
for Myanmar.
MyChat also looks to address partic-
ular challenges to chatting in Myanmar.
It is built to be resilient, Ms. Lim says. If
the network goes out, MyChat will send
messages when it comes back on.
Recent research shows Viber has a
strong hold on Myanmar. The Cyprus
company just revealed its registered
user base here tallies at 5 million. Ms.
Lim notes markets around the world
host multiple messenger apps, and that
as a group, chat applications are on the
up with regards to popularity.
“We wanted to provide another op-
portunity to help Myanmar youth con-
nect,” she says.
MySquar rolling out
new messenger app for
local youth
THE startup Cinderella story sounds
familiar in the age of Silicon Valley,
when companies can begin in cofee
shops and end up enterprises worth
billions. In Myanmar, many businesses
are still navigating first chapters in a
burgeoning tech scene.
This group includes Yangon–born
creative digital agency Revo Tech,
short for ‘Revolution Technology.’ The
company, founded 2012 by 29–year–
old native son Myo Myint Kyaw, has
just released its first application: an
iPad app called Phew for practicing
The app was built to help children
living outside Myanmar remember
their mother tongue. The founder him-
self returned from pursuits abroad to
develop his business – and by exten-
sion, his homeland. “I love my country
and I like to contribute to the nation’s
building,” Myo Myint Kyaw says.
Revo Tech is not Myo Myint Kyaw’s
first foray into entrepreneurship. He
sold crisps and Coke in high school;
rented out his PlayStation to friends for
an hourly rate; and went on to hawk
games on eBay when he moved to Lon-
don, where he studied Business Infor-
mation Systems at Middlesex Univer-
sity. “Before I graduated, I know I want
to start my own business,” he says.
Today, his company makes web sites,
develops mobile apps and software,
and provides outsourced services, ac-
cording to its website. Phew is the first
app born and bred by Revo Tech. Myo
Myint Kyaw describes creating apps as
scratching at itches – holes in the mar-
ket – felt by himself and his team.
When Myo Myint Kyaw wanted to
keep kids from forgetting the Myan-
mar language, Revo Tech made a color-
ful app that teaches them the country’s
script through practice and gamifica-
tion. Launched July 26, the app started
out attracting 25 downloads per day,
but has been gaining “more and more
traction,” Myo Myint Kyaw says. Its
freemium model ofers a limited letter
set, with the rest unlocked for $1.99.
Myanmar language numbers, as well
as an Android version of the iPad app,
are on the way.
“For the Phew apps user, we want to
say this is just the beginning. We want
to keep iterating and making apps
stand out from the Myanmar apps
market,” Myo Myint Kyaw says. “I don’t
even want to call it version one.” Revo
Tech is also prepping to move into the
Myanmar music industry with an app.
The company is owned half by Myo
Myint Kyaw and half by his CTO, Nay
Htet Aung. Myo Myint Kyaw says Revo
Tech is on the hunt for funding. It
will seek angel investors and their ilk
through networking with Ideabox, the
Ooredoo ofshoot.
For now Revo Tech has blank pages
to fill in a budding industry, where the
tech community is filling out as well.
“I even hang out with a lot of my rival
founders,” Myo Myint Kyaw says. “You
don’t compete with each other, instead
we should be collaborating [with] each
other for the new Myanmar.”
After successful frst app,
Revo Tech looks to expand
‘I even hang out
with a lot of my
rival founders
... we should be
Myo Myint Kyaw
Reve Tech Founder
Silicon Yangon Dispatches from the nation’s burgeoning tech scene
Number of Viber users nationwide,
Mysquar’s main competition.
WorldWORLD EDITOR: Fiona MacGregor
MORE than 191,000 people have died
in Syria's conflict, United Nations
rights chief Navi Pillay said on August
22, hitting out at “international pa-
ralysis” on the nearly three-and-a-half-
year violence.
Ms Pillay said the death toll of
191,369, recorded between March
2011 when the war broke out and
April this year, was nearly double that
given a year ago, and was likely an
The South African wraps up her
six-year stint as UN rights chief at the
end of this month, and has criticised
world leaders for their lethargy on a
wide range of conflicts.
After lashing out at the UN Secu-
rity Council on August 21 for what she
called a lack of resolve in ending cri-
ses, Ms Pillay said in a statement the
dwindling global interest in Syria was
“I deeply regret that, given the on-
set of so many other armed conflicts
in this period of global destabilisation,
the fighting in Syria and its dreadful
impact on millions of civilians has
dropped of the international radar,”
said Ms Pillay.
She said “the killers, destroyers and
torturers in Syria have been empow-
ered and emboldened by the interna-
tional paralysis”.The Syrian conflict
erupted in March 2011 when security
forces cracked down on protesters,
sparking an uprising against President
Bashar al-Assad’s regime.
Ms Pillay said there had been “se-
rious allegations that war crimes and
crimes against humanity have been
committed time and time again with
total impunity” but that the dead-
locked UN Security Council had failed
to refer the case of Syria to the In-
ternational Criminal Court “where it
clearly belongs”.
The UN last gave a death toll on the
conflict in July 2013 when Secretary
General Ban Ki-moon put the number
killed at more than 100,000.
In its new tally, a UN team cross-
checked 318,910 killings reported to
five diferent sources, including the
Syrian government and London-based
monitoring group the Syrian Observa-
tory for Human Rights.
After excluding double-counting,
191,369 remained, the statement said,
adding that the tally included previ-
ously unrecorded killings from the two
first years of the conflict.
But the number was likely a sig-
nificant underestimate, the statistical
analysts who produced the report ac-
knowledged, pointing out that nearly
52,000 deaths had not figured among
those studied since they lacked either
a name, date or location of the killing.
In addition, “a significant number
of killings may not have been reported
at all by any of the five sources”, they
pointed out.
The report showed that more than
85 percent of those killed were male,
but it did not diferentiate between
combatants and civilians.
Nearly 9000 children, including
more than 2000 under the age of 10,
were among the dead, it said.
Again this figure was likely low-
er than reality as victims’ ages had
not been recorded in 83.8 percent of
Most died in and around Damas-
cus, where nearly 40,000 deaths were
documented, followed by Aleppo, with
nearly 32,000 and Homs with more
than 28,000, the report showed.
Ms Pillay stressed the “enormity of
the sufering” that the numbers
“It is scandalous that the predica-
ment of the injured, displaced, the
detained, and the relatives of all those
who have been killed or are missing is
no longer attracting much attention,”
she said.
The UN rights chief urged govern-
ments around the world to “take seri-
ous measures to halt the fighting and
deter the crimes”.
Above all, she said, states should
“stop fuelling this monumental, and
wholly avoidable human catastrophe
through the provision of arms and
other military supplies”.
‘International paralysis’ slammed
as Syria death toll tops 191,000
RUSSIA pushed the first trucks of a
massive aid convoy into war-torn
eastern Ukraine on August 22 af-
ter saying it was tired of reassuring
Kiev that it was not being used to
smuggle in weapons to pro-Kremlin
The decision appeared to have also
been taken without the authorisation
of an International Committee of the
Red Cross (ICRC) team that is over-
seeing the diplomatically-charged
“We can no longer stand this
outrage, these open-faced lies and
[Kiev’s] refusal to reach an agree-
ment. Russia has decided to act,” the
foreign ministry said in a statement.
“Our humanitarian aid column is
starting to move in the direction of
Lugansk,” it said in reference to the
devastated eastern Ukrainian city
that has sufered some of the most se-
vere recent fighting and has been cut
of from water and power supplies for
nearly three weeks.
An AFP photographer at the bor-
der said the first 10 Russian trucks
had crossed the frontier and reached
the Izvaryne customs point inside
It was not immediately clear when
or if the vehicles would be allowed to
move any further. An unconfirmed
report by Russia’s state-run RIA
Novosti news agency said a few of the
trucks had already left the Ukrainian
checkpoint and started to drive to-
ward Lugansk.
Several of the nearly 300 vehicles
had been cleared by both countries’
customs authorities on August 21 and
were waiting for the green light to en-
ter Ukraine from the ICRC.
Ukraine has expressed repeated
fears that Russian may be using the
vehicles to smuggle in weapons to
separatist rebels who have been bat-
tling government forces for more
than four months.
The ICRC meanwhile said it would
not launch the aid delivery mission
until it receives firm security assur-
ances from both Kiev and the in-
surgents that the convoy will not be
The Russian foreign ministry ap-
peared to suggest that Moscow has
decided to act even without the Red
Cross’s permission.
“We of course are ready to have
[the convoy] accompanied by the
ICRC, and for its involvement in aid
distribution,” it said.
It charged that Kiev was present-
ing a growing number of “new and ar-
tificial demands and pretexts, which
is turning into a mockery.”
Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry
Peskov said Vladimir Putin was aware
of the convoy’s movements but could
not confirm if the Russian president
himself had issued the order for the
trucks to cross into Ukraine.
Moscow aid convoy enters Ukraine
THE United States has warned that
the Islamic State was “beyond any-
thing” it has seen, as US warplanes
pressed on with airstrikes against
it despite death threats against an
American hostage.
Pentagon chiefs warned on Au-
gust 21 of the dangers of a slick,
well-funded operation powered by
an “apocalyptic end of days” ide-
ology as the West reeled from the
grisly execution of American jour-
nalist James Foley.
However despite threats to kill
a second reporter if the US did not
halt airstrikes against the Islamic
State (IS), the US confirmed it had
again bombed the militants in
northern Iraq near the Mosul dam.
US military leaders said the ji-
hadist group could be eradicated
if local Sunni communities reject it
and regional powers unite to fight
it, but only if the battle is taken into
Syria and not just Iraq.
Their warnings came after the
US military revealed it had carried
out a failed mission to resue Ameri-
can hostages inside Syria, report-
edly including Mr Foley.
“They marry ideology and a so-
phistication of strategic and tacti-
cal military prowess,” Defense Sec-
retary Chuch Hagel said about the
“barbaric” militants.
“They are tremendously well
funded. This is beyond anything we
have seen.”
General Martin Dempsey, chair
of the Joint Chiefs of Staf, said the
group “has an apocalyptic end of
days strategic vision that will even-
tually have to be defeated”.
Mr Dempsey warned the jihadist
vision of a wider Muslim caliphate
could “fundamentally alter the face
of the Middle East and create a se-
curity environment that would cer-
tainly threaten us in many ways”.
“Can they be defeated with-
out addressing that part of the
organisation that resides in Syria?
The answer is no,” he said, when
asked if the campaign against the
group could go beyond Iraq.
He spoke of a “very long contest”
that could not be won by US mili-
tary prowess alone, but only with
regional support and that of “the 20
million disenfranchised Sunnis that
happen to reside between Damas-
cus and Baghdad”.
The US military said it has con-
ducted 90 air strikes in Iraq since
August 8, more than half of them in
support of Iraqi government forces
near Mosul dam.
The murder of Mr Foley has
stoked fears in the West that the
territory the militants have seized
in Syria and northern Iraq could
become a launching pad for a new
round of global terror attacks.
And as part of that worrying
trend, the US State Department
estimated that there were about
12,000 foreign fighters from at least
50 countries in Syria.
Mr Foley, a 40-year-old freelance
journalist, was kidnapped in north-
ern Syria in November 2012. His
employer GlobalPost said his cap-
tors had demanded a 100-million-
euro (US$132 million) ransom.
Islamic State ‘beyond anything seen’: US
‘[IS] has an
apocalyptic end
of days strategic
vision that will
eventually have to
be defeated.’
General Martin Dempsey
Joint Chief of Staffs chair
Vehicles in a Russian aid convoy making
its way into Ukraine
Iraqi Yazidi refugees fill water bottles at the Newroz camp in Hasaka province,
Syria, on August 14 after fleeing Islamic State jihadists in Iraq. Photo: AFP
Malaysia mourns
as MH17 victims’
remains come home
Junta general takes
over uncontested as
Thai prime minister
Trial begins in
McDonald’s cult
THE president of the world’s most
populous Muslim-majority country,
Indonesia, last week called the actions
of Islamic State (IS) militants “em-
barrassing” to the religion and urged
Islamic leaders to unite in tackling
“shocking” extremism.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said
the scale of the slaughter wrought by
the extremists in overrunning large
swathes of Iraq and Syria and the level
of violence being used was appalling.
“It is shocking. It is becoming out
of control,” he said in an interview
with The Australian on August 21, a
day after IS released a video showing a
masked militant beheading US report-
er James Foley, provoking worldwide
“We do not tolerate it, we forbid
ISIS in Indonesia,” he added, referring
to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Le-
vant, as IS was formerly known.
“Indonesia is not an Islamic state.
We respect all religions.”
He urged international lead-
ers to work together to combat
“This is a new wake-up call to in-
ternational leaders all over the world,
including Islamic leaders,” he said,
adding that the actions of IS were not
only “embarrassing” to Islam but “hu-
miliating”, the newspaper reported.
“All leaders must review how to
combat extremism. Changing para-
digms on both sides are needed: How
the West perceives Islam and how
Islam perceives the West.”
Indonesia is home to the world’s
biggest Muslim population of about
225 million and has long strug-
gled with terrorism. But a successful
clampdown in recent years has seen
the end of major deadly attacks.
Jakarta has estimated that dozens
of Indonesians have travelled to Syria
and Iraq to fight and Mr Yudhoyono
said he was concerned about their re-
turn, adding that he had tasked agen-
cies to oppose the spread of extremist
ideology in the sprawling nation.
“Our citizens here in Indonesia are
picking up recruitment messages from
ISIS containing extremist ideas,” said
the president, whose decade in ofce
comes to an end in October.
“The philosophy of ISIS stands
against the fundamental values we
embrace in Indonesia. Last Friday
[August 15], in my state of the union
address to the nation, I called on all
Indonesians to reject ISIS and to stop
the spread of its radical ideology.
“My government and security agen-
cies have taken decisive steps to cur-
tail the spread of ISIS in Indonesia,
including by prohibiting Indonesians
to join ISIS or to fight for ISIS, and
also by blocking internet sites that
promote this idea.”
Indonesia’s neighbour Australia
has also seen up to 150 of its nationals
join the militants, with the photo of an
Australian boy holding a severed head
in Syria last week sparking global
Australian Prime Minister Tony
Abbott on August 20 said IS was “as
close to pure evil as we’re ever likely to
find” and what happened to Foley was
He also voiced concern that jailed
Indonesian militant cleric Abu Bakar
Bashir, the chief ideologue of regional
terror network Jemaah Islamiyah, had
pledged allegiance to IS.
JI is blamed for the Bali bombings
in 2002, which claimed 88 Australian
lives, although a successful crackdown
over the past decade has weakened
such groups.
“That does indicate the potential
for increased terrorist activity in our
region,” Mr Abbott told reporters
when asked about Mr Bashir’s pledge.
Mr Bashir, a vocal supporter of al-
Qaeda style jihad, has been in and out
of prison for years and is currently
serving a 15-year term for funding
President calls on
Islamic unity against
‘shocking’ extremism
GlobalPost CEO Philip Balboni
said his team had never taken the
demand seriously, and State Depart-
ment deputy spokesperson Marie
Harf insisted bluntly that, “We do
not pay ransoms.”
The captors had also sent Mr
Foley’s family a taunting and ram-
bling email threatening to kill him.
GlobalPost released the text,
which claims that “other govern-
ments” had accepted “cash transac-
tions” for the release of hostages,
and says that the militants had of-
fered prisoner exchanges for Mr
Foley’s freedom.
Ms Harf said the United States
estimates that IS militants have al-
ready received millions of dollars
worth of ransoms so far this year
alone. Most are believed to have been
paid by European governments.
In the execution video, released
online, a black-clad militant said
that Ms Foley was killed to avenge
US air strikes against IS.
The man, speaking with a clear
south London accent, then paraded
a second US reporter, Steven Sotlof,
before the camera and said he would
die unless President Barack Obama
changes course.
Mr Sotlof is a freelance journal-
ist for Time magazine who was cap-
tured on August 4, 2013.
US Attorney General Eric Holder
said that the FBI already had opened
a criminal probe into Ms Foley’s kid-
The scale of the threat from IS be-
came clear in June when the group,
then known as the Islamic State in
Iraq and the Levant, declared the
dawn of a caliphate and seized the
Iraqi city of Mosul. – AFP
Islamic State ‘beyond anything seen’: US
Photo: AFP
A man holds a placard
reading “Ebola, go
away” as members of
the artist group Be
Kok Spirit march to
raise awareness on the
Ebola virus on August
19 in Abidjian. The
Ivory Coast announced
on August 11 that it
has banned all flights
from countries hit by
Ebola as part of steps
to prevent the deadly
virus from reaching
the west African
42 World THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
THAILAND’S junta-picked national
assembly last week chose coup leader
General Prayut Chan-O-Cha as prime
minister in a one-horse race that en-
trenched the military’s hold on power.
Nobody in the rubber-stamp leg-
islature opposed the selection of the
army chief, who ousted an elected
government in a bloodless takeover on
May 22.
The move by the top general to
shed his uniform and take the pre-
miership is seen as cementing the
military’s control of the politically tur-
bulent nation.
The junta has ruled out holding
new elections before sometime around
October 2015, despite appeals from the
United States and the European Union
for a return to democracy.
Mr Prayut, who is due to retire as
army chief in September, is seen as a
staunch opponent of fugitive former
premier Thaksin Shinawatra, whose
overthrow in an earlier coup in 2006
triggered Thailand’s long-running po-
litical crisis.
Mr Thaksin, the elder brother of
Yingluck Shinawatra, who was ousted
shortly before the recent coup, fled
Thailand in 2008 to avoid prison for a
corruption conviction.
The army rulers say they want to
reform Thailand to end years of politi-
cal turbulence and street violence, but
critics see the takeover as an attempt
to wipe out Mr Thaksin’s influence.
The junta has vowed to remain in
place in parallel to the future govern-
ment, which will be nominated by Mr
Prayut as prime minister.
He was backed by 191 members of
the 197-strong assembly, with three ab-
stentions and three voters absent. No
other candidate stood against him.
Mr Prayut’s appointment must be
approved by King Bhumibol Aduly-
adej although royal endorsement is
seen as a formality.
The army chief, who is seen as a
fervent royalist, was not present for
the vote because he was attending a
military ceremony outside Bangkok.
He gave a hint of his political ambi-
tions when he swapped his uniform for
a suit and tie to appear in parliament
on August 18 to oversee the approval of
the national budget, which was waved
through with no opposition.
Mr Prayut is often described as the
architect of an army crackdown on a
pro-Thaksin “Red Shirt” rally in Bang-
kok in 2010 that left dozens dead.
Before seizing power, the golf lover
and father of twin daughters had said
he would not allow Thailand to be-
come another “Ukraine or Egypt”.
Mr Thaksin, who is reviled by
much of Thailand’s Bangkok-based
royalist elite, lives in Dubai but he or
his parties have won every election
since 2001.
Since seizing power the junta
has abrogated the constitution,
curtailed civil liberties under
martial law and summoned hundreds of
opponents, activists and academics for
He has also launched a “return
happiness” to the people public rela-
tions campaign in parallel with the
crackdown on dissent.
The United Nations’ human rights
ofce on August 20 warned of “chill-
ing efects” on freedom of expression
under the junta, following recent
arrests and jail sentences for insulting
the monarchy.
Critics say the royal slur legislation
has been politicised, noting that many
of those charged in recent years were
linked to the “Red Shirts”, who are
broadly supportive of Mr Thaksin.
Coup general named as
new Thai prime minister
Thai Army Chief Prayut Chan-O-Cha, who has been named as Thailand’s new
prime minister, salutes during a military anniversary event in Chonburi province
on August 21. Photo: AFP
Lèse majesté prosecutions ‘chilling’: UN
prosecutions] are
adding to increasing
... restrictions
on freedom of
expression in
Ravina Shamdasani
UN spokesperson
RECENT arrests and jail sentences
for insulting Thailand’s monarchy are
having “chilling efects” on freedom
of expression under the junta, the UN
has warned.
Since the army seized power from
an elected government in May, at least
13 new royal defamation cases have
been opened for investigation and
other allegations have been revived,
spokesperson Ravina Shamdasani said.
“We are seriously concerned about
the prosecution and harsh sentencing
of individuals in Thailand under the
country’s lèse majesté law,” she said
in a statement issued in Geneva on
August 19.
“Such measures are adding to the
larger pattern of increasing restric-
tions on freedom of expression in
Last week two activists were
charged with breaching the strict roy-
al insult laws during a university play
in October 2013 to commemorate the
40th anniversary of a student-led up-
rising. The UN said the play depicted
a fictional monarch who was manipu-
lated by his adviser.
King Bhumibol Adulyadej, 86, is
revered by many Thais and protected
by tough defamation laws that carry a
maximum jail sentence of 15 years for
each conviction.
A 28-year-old musician was recent-
ly sentenced to 15 years in jail after
he was found guilty of posting insult-
ing messages about the monarchy on
Earlier this month, a taxi driver was
jailed for two years and six months
for a conversation he had with a
passenger that was deemed ofensive
to the monarchy, the UN noted.
“The threat of the use of the lese
majesté laws adds to the chilling ef-
fects on freedom of expression ob-
served in Thailand after the coup, and
risks curbing critical debate on issues
of public interest,” Ms Shamdasani
Critics say the royal slur legisla-
tion has been politicised, noting
that many of those charged in re-
cent years were linked to the “Red
Shirts” protest movement, which is
broadly supportive of fugitive former
premier Thaksin Shinawatra who
clashed with royalists before being
overthrown in 2006.
His younger sister Yingluck Shina-
watra was ousted as prime minister in
a controversial court decision in May,
shortly before the army chief seized
power. The junta has moved to sup-
press any public protests against the
military takeover.
New York-based Human Rights
Watch said the arrests of the two ac-
tivists, 10 months after the play was
staged, suggested that the Thai junta
was sending a “political message”.
“The heavy-handed enforcement
of lèse majesté laws has a devastat-
ing impact on freedom of expression
in Thailand,” said HRW Asia director
Brad Adams.
“A broad-based discussion is ur-
gently needed to amend the laws to
ensure that they conform with Thai-
land’s international human rights ob-
ligations.” – AFP
Members of Thailand’s 197-strong
assembly who backed General Prayut
Chan-O-Chan to be prime minister
NOTICE is hereby given that ALCATEL LUCENT, a French
“société anonyme” of 3 avenue Octave Gréard, 75007 Paris, France,
do solemnly and sincerely declare that we are the owners and sole
proprietors of the following trade marks in Myanmar:
The said marks are used in respect of following goods/services:
Class 9: Radio electric, optical, electro-optical, optoelectronic,
integrated optical and fber-optical, scientifc, surveying, photographic,
cinematographic, weighing, measuring, telemetry, control, remote control,
regulation, signaling, checking, life-saving and teaching apparatus,
instruments, and members ; apparatus for recording, transmission
or reproduction of data, sound or images ; magnetic and optical data
media ; apparatus, instruments and members for generating, calculating,
verifying, inputting, storing, converting, processing, taking, transmitting,
switching and receiving data, information, signals or messages ; apparatus,
equipment and installations for communications, telecommunications,
telephony, peritelephony, telegraphy, remote computing, telematics,
office automation and telecopy ; switching systems (apparatus),
transmission systems (apparatus) ; radio links ; distress call systems
(apparatus) ; video communications networks, satellite communications
networks ; automatic telephone systems (apparatus) ; portable telephones
; teletext equipment ; videotext terminals ; radio mobile apparatus ; data
processing equipment and computers ; computers and microcomputers,
electrical and electronic components and members thereof and computer
peripherals ; modems ; computer programs, software, software packages
; printed circuits ; integrated circuits ; microprocessors ; electrical,
optical, communications and telecommunications conductors, wires,
cables and ducts ; connectors for electrical, optical, communications
and telecommunications conductors, wires, cables and ducts; antennas
; apparatus for distributing and/or interrupting electricity ; batteries and
battery chargers for telecommunications apparatus and equipment.
Class 16: Printed matter ; instructional and teaching material (except
apparatus) ; pamphlets, newspapers, books, manuals, periodicals and
Class 35: Services for processing information by computers ; rental of
apparatus, equipment, machines and installations relating to the feld of
offce automation ; statistical analysis services in telecommunications
matters ; audit services in the feld of telecommunications ; services of
making qualifed personnel available for performing one-off assignments
in particular in engineering, installation and training in the feld of
telecommunications ; computer fles management ; organization of
exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes.
Class 37: Installing, maintaining and repairing apparatus,
instruments, members, devices and machines relating to the felds of
communications, telecommunications, computing, telematics, offce
automation, electronics, optics and radio.
Class 38: Telecommunications ; transmitting and conveying
information and data ; remote transmission of information or signals
; electronic messaging services ; rental of apparatus, equipment,
machines and installations for communications, telecommunications
and telematics ; communication by computer terminals ; information
in telecommunications matters ; rental of access time to global
computer networks.
Class 41: Training services, in particular in telecommunications
matters ; arranging and conducting of training workshops,
colloquiums, conferences, congresses, seminars and symposiums, in
particular in telecommunications matters ; organization of exhibitions
for cultural or educational purposes.
Class 42: Evaluation, assessment, research and reporting in scientifc and
technological matters, namely engineering consulting services ; industrial
analysis and research services ; technical studies, in particular studies
on apparatus, instruments, members, devices, equipment, installations
and machines relating to the electronic, computing, telematics, offce
automation, communications and telecommunications, optical and
radio felds ; electronic programming services, computer programming
services ; design and development of computer hardware and software
; software rental ; software maintenance ; designing and hosting web
sites ; rental of apparatus, equipment, machines and installations for
processing information.
The said trade marks are the subject of Declaration of Ownership
recorded with the Registrar of Deeds and Assurances, Yangon,
Myanmar, in Book under Nos. IV/14282/2013 and IV/14283/2013
Dated 24
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Any infringement or colourable imitation thereof or other infringement
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U Kyi Win Associates
by its Remfry & Sagar
INDIA. Dated: 25
August, 2014
44 World THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
AUSTRALIA and Indonesia have
agreed a pact to put a damaging spy
row behind them, paving the way for
the resumption of full defence coop-
eration, foreign minister Julie Bishop
last week.
Ties between the neighbours sank
to their lowest point in years in No-
vember after reports Australian spies
tried to tap the phones of President
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his
inner circle.
Jakarta recalled its ambassador
from Canberra and suspended coop-
eration in several areas over the inci-
dent, including eforts to stop people-
smuggling boats reaching Australia.
Mr Yudhoyono called for a code of
conduct to govern behaviour during
talks with Australian Prime Minister
Tony Abbott in June, and the agree-
ment reportedly includes a promise
from Canberra never to use its intelli-
gence agencies to harm its neighbour.
“We have reached agreement on
the joint understanding and we are
currently arranging a time to sign it,”
Ms Bishop said on August 19.
The deal will be signed in Indo-
nesia by Foreign Minister Marty Na-
talegawa, with outgoing president Mr
Yudhoyono a witness, her ofce said.
Ms Bishop told Fairfax Media the
agreement was a “concise statement
of our commitment to respect each
other’s sovereignty ... and not to harm
each others interests”.
“This means we will not be using
our intelligence resources to harm
Indonesia’s interests,” she said, add-
ing that full defence, border security
and intelligence cooperation would be
Allegations that Australian spies
tried to tap the phones of Mr Yudhoyo-
no, his wife and several top ofcials in
2009 sparked one of the worst diplo-
matic crises between the two strategic
allies in years.
Reports at the time said that Aus-
tralia’s electronic intelligence agency
tracked Mr Yudhoyono’s activity on
his mobile phone for 15 days in August
2009, when Labor’s Kevin Rudd was
prime minister.
The list of tracking targets also in-
cluded his wife Ani, former vice presi-
dent Jusuf Kalla, the foreign afairs
spokesperson, the security minister
and the information minister, the re-
ports said.
Jakarta responded furiously to
the reports, which were based on
documents leaked by US intelligence
fugitive Edward Snowden, and sus-
pend bilateral cooperations in key
Ties were further strained by Aus-
tralia’s policy of pushing boatloads
of asylum-seekers back to Indonesia
when it was safe to do so.
Indonesia and Australia are close
strategic and trading partners and
have traditionally worked together in
many areas, including on anti-terror-
ism initiatives and on the sensitive is-
sue of asylum-seekers.
In June, Mr Abbott said he was
confident that ties were back on track.
on from
FIVE members of a fringe religious
group in China went on trial last week
for beating a woman to death at a Mc-
Donald’s restaurant, reportedly after
she rebufed the gang’s attempts to
recruit her.
The five are all members of a cult
called Quannengshen, the ofcial
news agency Xinhua said, adding that
they attacked the woman, surnamed
Wu, after she refused to give them her
phone number.
The group, whose name can be
translated as Church of Almighty God,
believe that Jesus has been reincar-
nated in China and refer to the Com-
munist Party as the “great red dragon”.
It was outlawed by the government
in the mid-1990s.
Images of the five accused, dressed
in bright orange clothing and sur-
rounded by 17 police ofcers, were
posted online on August 21 by Yantai
Intermediate People’s Court in Shan-
dong, in eastern China.
“The indictment charged the de-
fendants Zhang Fan, Zhang Lidong, Lu
Yingchun, Zhang Hang, Zhang Qiao
jointly with intentional homicide,” it
said on Sina Weibo, China’s version of
Zhang Lidong, Zhang Fan and Lu
were also accused of “using an evil cult
organisation to undermine the law”,
the court’s Weibo page added.
Reports in May said six suspects
had been detained, including a juve-
nile, whose case would be dealt with
A online video emerged showing a
man resembling one of the defendants
striking out angrily with a pole, shout-
ing, “Damn you, devil! Go to hell!” as
a woman yelled, “Kill her! Beat her to
The three minutes of footage, ap-
parently shot on a mobile phone, only
included a fraction of a second of what
could be the victim.
But others at the restaurant could
be heard screaming as they fled out-
side, while one diner shouted repeat-
edly, “Don’t look. Go!”
One of the male accused was also
paraded on state television “admit-
ting” the crime.
“She was a demon,” he said in
an interview with China Central
Television, which has screened a
string of “confessions” in recent
months, mainly from those who have
riled authorities.
“We are not afraid of the law, we
trust in God,” he added.
Earlier this month state media said
1000 Quannengshen members had
been arrested including “high-level or-
ganisers and backbone members”.
Similar numbers were held at the
end of 2012, when the organisation
was under the spotlight for predicting
an apocalypse and the state-run Global
Times said it had called on members to
overthrow the Communist Party.
A number of blogs on the murder
have been posted on the group’s web-
site distancing it from “these several
rufans”. Those claim the murder
was a pretext for the ruling Com-
munist Party to crack down on the
“It’s not difcult to see that the
‘May 28 incident’ is completely a false
case created by the [Party] to frame
and condemn the Church of Almighty
God,” one post said.
“Prisoners admit a confession by
torture,” another said. “Whatever the
[Party] asks them to say, they have to
say it.”
China has previously cracked down
harshly on groups it labels “cults”, most
notably the Falungong spiritual move-
ment which was banned in the late
It has since detained tens of thou-
sands of its members, according to
rights groups, with some saying they
have been tortured for refusing to give
up their beliefs. – AFP
McDonald’s cult killers on trial
‘We will not be using
our intelligence
resources to
harm Indonesia’s
Julie Bishop
Australian foreign minister
Photo: AFP
Police ofcers
join thousands
of volunteers
searching for
missing people on
August 21, one day
after a massive
mud landslide hit a
residential area in
Hiroshima, Japan,
claiming at least 39
World 45 www.mmtimes.com
BLACK-CLAD Malaysians observed
a minute of silence and a nationwide
day of mourning on August 22 as
the first remains of the country’s 43
citizens killed in the MH17 disaster re-
turned home.
People across the country of 28 mil-
lion went silent at 10:55am, about an
hour after a Malaysia Airlines jet land-
ed with the remains of 20 people killed
when MH17 was blasted from the sky
by a suspected surface-to-air missile
over Ukraine on July 17.
Malaysia’s King Abdul Halim
Mu’adzam Shah, Prime Minister Najib
Razak and dozens of other top ofcials
were on hand for a sombre reception
ceremony at Kuala Lumpur Interna-
tional Airport.
Flags flew at half-mast nationwide
and various entertainment events and
other festivities in the Muslim-major-
ity country were cancelled or put on
hold out of respect.
Residents of the capital Kuala
Lumpur were overwhelmingly black-
clad, including many Muslim women
in black Islamic headscarves, as state
television aired recitations from the
Koran and photos of the Malaysian
“No words can express the sense
of loss in seeing the bodies return,
my prayers are with the victims and
families of MH17,” Mr Najib said on
his Twitter feed.
Dozens of Malaysia Airlines cabin
crew and pilots in their work uni-
forms, some weeping, gathered near
the welcoming ceremony holding Ma-
laysian flags and white flowers to re-
member their lost colleagues.
Shazly, 40, a flight attendant who
gave only his first name citing a com-
pany request regarding contact with
the media, mourned Nur Shazana Mo-
hamed Salleh, who joined the airline
with him in the same 2004 recruit-
ment class.
“She was a very jovial girl. She
loved her job very much. She was very
close with all her friends,” he said.
“Life has to go on, even though it’s
very difcult for us to accept what has
happened to our airline. They are our
Some wore T-shirts with their dead
colleagues’ names and the Arabic
phrase for “See you in Paradise”. Fif-
teen crew were aboard MH17.
The first group of remains included
those of Ariza Ghazalee, 46, and her
son Muhammad Afif, 18, part of a fam-
ily of six killed in the disaster.
It was a far diferent homecoming
than what they had planned. The fam-
ily was returning to live in Malaysia
after three years abroad, and Ariza’s
final Facebook post had said, “Starting
our new migration. Praise God.”
The special flight arrived from Am-
sterdam, where remains have been
taken for identification by Dutch au-
thorities investigating the tragedy.
All 298 on board Amsterdam-Kuala
Lumpur flight MH17 were killed, in-
cluding 193 Dutch nationals.
The West accuses Russian-backed
separatists of shooting down the
plane, while Moscow blames Ukraine.
A military guard conveyed the cof-
fins and urns – at least three people
have already been cremated – from the
plane and into waiting hearses.
Some were to be put aboard other
aircraft for transport to their final
resting places throughout the country.
A number of prayer sessions and
funerals were planned for August 22
in mosques, churches and temples,
reflecting Malaysia’s multi-ethnic
The MH17 tragedy has compound-
ed Malaysian grief over the troubling
and still-unexplained disappearance
of Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 just
four months earlier.
The airline and the Malaysian gov-
ernment came under fire worldwide
for their chaotic response to MH370,
which disappeared on March 8 with
239 people aboard en route from Kua-
la Lumpur to Beijing.
The plane is believed to have
inexplicably diverted to the Indian
Ocean, but no trace of the jet has been
found. Some angry relatives have al-
leged a cover-up.
Malaysia Airlines, now in a finan-
cial crisis over the double disasters,
said in a statement it was “deeply sad-
dened” by MH17, noting that the re-
turn of the victims’ remains ended a
“long and painful wait” for next of kin.
The government has said 30 Malay-
sians on MH17 had so far been identi-
fied. Further remains were expected to
be returned in the following days.
Silence marks sad return of MH17 victims
Millions of Malaysians stop to pay respects to those who died when a Malaysian Airlines jet was shot down above Ukraine last month
Family members and next-of-kin of the Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 victims pause for a minute’s silence during a
ceremony at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on August 22. Photo: AFP
‘Life has to go on
even though it is
very difcult to
accept what has

Malaysia Airlines flight attendant
NOTICE is hereby given that Aesculap AG, of Am Aesculap Platz,
78532 Tuttlingen, Federal Republic of Germany, do solemnly and
sincerely declare that we are the Owners and Sole Proprietors of
the following trade marks in Myanmar.
The said marks are used in respect of ‘neurosurgical, surgical,
medical, hygienical, dental instruments, veterinary instruments
and stock-breeding items, apparatus and appliances, implants, total
joint replacement, electro-medical units; cutlery and edge tools’.
The said trade marks are the subject of Declarations of Ownership
recorded with the Registrar of Deeds and Assurances, Yangoon,
Myanmar, in Book under Nos. IV/2974/2003 and IV/2975/2003
dated May 23, 2003 and IV/348/2014 dated 13
January, 2014
and IV/349/2014 dated 15
January, 2014.
Any infringement or colourable imitation thereof or other
infringement of the rights of the said Corporation will be dealt
with according to law.
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said
trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with
according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Aesculap AG
by its Attorneys-at-Law
INDIA. Dated: 25
August, 2014
World 47 www.mmtimes.com
HUNTED for generations for its tasty
meat, the scaly-skinned pangolin is un-
der threat in Gabon as demand for the
small mammal surges in Asia, where it
is used in traditional medicine.
A timid and strange-looking crea-
ture, the pangolin is rarely seen in the
wild, emerging only at night.
But in the markets of Libreville,
the capital of this west African equa-
torial state, plenty can be seen among
the crocodiles, porcupines, gazelles
and other bushmeat favoured by the
The odd-looking animal is easy to
identify, with its elongated body, coni-
cal snout and lengthy tongue which it
uses for eating insects.
Its large reptilian scales give it the
appearance of a prehistoric creature
or, it is sometimes said, an artichoke.
“People hunt the pangolin like any
other meat because the forest is often
the only resource” for people in Gabon,
more than 80 percent of which is cov-
ered by woodland, said Gaspard Abitsi,
managing director of the Wildlife Con-
servation Society (WCS).
Not only that, the Gabonese have
developed a taste for it.
“We have a big demand. People
love pangolins. My neighbour bought
four yesterday and they were quickly
sold this morning,” said a trader in the
Mont-Bouet market, surrounded by
gutted animals.
At a local restaurant in Libreville,
the pangolin is one of the stars on the
“It’s expensive, but it’s one of the
best meats,” said Didine, the owner.
“We cook it in a broth and you have to
let it simmer for a long time otherwise
it’s too tough,” she said.
In Gabon, environmental groups
are trying to convince villagers of the
need to protect the pangolin.
In that spirit, the Crystal Moun-
tains National Park in north Gabon
recently changed its emblem to a giant
Weighing up to 35 kilos (77 pounds),
the giant pangolin is a protected spe-
cies yet still hunted, with specimens
selling for 100,000 to 130,000 Central
African francs (US$200–260).
But the Gabonese are not the only
ones fond of the pangolin, of which
there are eight species found in tropi-
cal areas in sub-Saharan Africa and
parts of Asia.
For some time now, “it’s clear that
demand has been getting stronger
due to international trafcking,” said
Rostan Nteme Mba, of the National
Agency for National Parks.
“It’s the scales that most interest
the trafckers.”
In traditional Chinese medicine,
the scales are used as an aphrodisiac,
to restore youthful energy or to treat
skin conditions such as psoriasis.
With such reputed virtues, demand
has exploded in Asia and made the
pangolin one of the world’s mammals
most afected by illegal trade, accord-
ing to the Zoological Society of Lon-
don. It said more than a million have
been captured in the last 10 years.
It is difcult to know the full extent
of poaching in a country like Gabon,
which has no ofcial statistics on the
pangolin. But based on seizures of
bush meat made by customs ofcials
and the ministry of water and forests,
the number being killed “is increasing”,
according to the WCS.
“There are probably African chan-
nels” to facilitate the transit of goods to
ports and airports and on to Asia, said
parks ofcial Nteme Mba.
The proliferation of Chinese firms
in Gabon, where Beijing is one of the
country’s main economic partners, is
speeding up the transfer of pangolins
outside the country, according to Mr
“With so much logging and the
construction of new roads, they have
access to the resource. When the con-
tainers leave for Asia, it is unclear
whether there is more than wood in
it,” he said. – AFP
Asian trading deals tip the
scales against rare pangolin
A rise in Chinese investment and trading links with Gabon has seen the export market for the rare lizard soar
Dead pangolins are sold with other animals at the Owendo market in Libreville on August 8. Photo: AFP
A CHINESE state-run newspaper
last week called on Beijing to “teach
Canberra a lesson” after Australian
tycoon and politician Clive Palmer
labelled the Communist government
“mongrels” who “shoot their own
people” in a televised tirade.
The flamboyant mining baron is
locked in a long-running dispute over
royalties and port operations with a
state-controlled Chinese company.
In an editorial on August 20, the
Global Times, an English-language
newspaper owned by the Commu-
nist Party’s mouthpiece the People’s
Daily, urged Beijing to take “solid
actions to punish him”.
It labelled the billionaire’s com-
ments as “rampant rascality” show-
ing “Australian society has an un-
friendly attitude toward China”.
“China must let those prancing
provocateurs know how much of a
price they pay when they deliberate-
ly rile us,” it said.
Beijing should cut of all business
contacts with Mr Palmer, ban him
and his senior executives from China
and could impose sanctions on all
Australian firms that have dealings
with him, it added.
Mr Palmer was elected to parlia-
ment last year as head of the Palmer
United Party.
China is Australia’s biggest trad-
ing partner and Canberra’s foreign
minister Julie Bishop called Mr
Palmer’s outburst “ofensive, unnec-
essary and unacceptable for a mem-
ber of parliament”, while Treasurer
Joe Hockey said the comments were
“hugely damaging”.
The Global Times, which often
takes a nationalist tone, also accused
Australia of engaging in “hooligan
politics” by politically “embracing
the US and Japan”, which is em-
broiled in bitter rows with China
over wartime history and disputed
islands. – AFP
guilty of
World 49 www.mmtimes.com
“ECONOMICALLY, life is better here
in China,” said Nguyen Thi Hang, one
of around two dozen women from Vi-
etnam who have married men in Linqi.
The township is a patchwork of
hamlets spaced among cornfields
deep in the mountains of Henan, one
of China’s poorer provinces.
It is some 1700 kilometres (1060
miles) away from Vietnam, but is a
new market for an expanding, and
sometimes abusive, marriage trade
with Southeast Asia.
The business is fuelled by demand
from rural Chinese men struggling to
find wives in the face of their country’s
gender imbalance, driven by its limits
on family size and widespread prefer-
ence for male children.
Ms Hang, 30, arrived in Linqi last
November and still struggles to com-
municate with customers at the dusty
village store where she sells noodles,
cola and cigarettes.
But her basic living conditions, a
tiny bedroom with bare concrete walls,
and an outdoor long-drop toilet next to
a cage of chickens, are an improvement
on her previous home, she said.
“We lived in a bad-quality brick
house in Vietnam, and were farmers
so had to work hard in the rice fields,”
she said.
Her marriage to a local 22-year-old
was arranged by her family, she said,
with small ceremonies held in her
home town, and China.
“I knew they gave my family some
money, but I did not dare ask my par-
ents about that,” she said.
“My relatives told me to marry a
Chinese man. They told me they care
for their wives, and I wouldn’t have
to work so much, just enjoy life,” she
added, smiling at a group of children
buying sweets.
Her construction-worker husband
spends most of the year away from the
village and was not present when AFP
visited, but her grey-haired father-in-
law seemed proud of the newest addi-
tion to his family.
“Vietnamese women are just like
us. They do any kind of work, and
work hard,” said Liu Shuanggen. “It’s
not easy to find wives in this place.
Women are few.”
It is a refrain heard across China,
where decades of sex-selective abortions
by families who prefer boys to girls now
see 118 males born for every 100 females,
according to government statistics.
The resulting gender gap has
led to an explosion in “bride prices”,
payments traditionally made by the
groom’s relatives, hitting men in the
poor countryside the hardest.
“To get married, the bride’s family
will often require a car and a house,
so it’s easier to get married if you have
more money,” said shopkeeper Wang
Yangfang, adding: “In Vietnam, they
demand lower prices.”
The typical cost for a Vietnamese
woman is 20,000 yuan (US$3200),
Linqi residents said. That is less than
a quarter of the local price and such a
bargain that more than 20 Vietnamese
women have found homes in the area
in recent years.
But the trade is also rife with
At a shelter in Vietnam, AFP spoke
to a dozen girls who said they were
tricked by relatives, friends or boy-
friends and sold to Chinese men as
Myanmar’s government said in a
2011 report that most trafcking from
the country is “committed solely with
the intention of forcing girls and wom-
en into marriages with Chinese men”.
Chinese police “rescued and repat-
riated” 1281 abducted foreign women
in 2012 alone, most of them from
southeast Asia, the state-run China
Daily reported.
Experts say lax law enforcement in
rural areas means thousands of other
cases probably go undiscovered.
In Linqi, several families refused
to talk about their Vietnamese mem-
bers, with one woman identified as
being from the country being shooed
indoors when reporters arrived.
A driver pointed out a tiny settle-
ment nestled between intimidating
peaks as a destination for bought
“When they arrive they’ll run of
after a few days,” he said. “But it’s not
easy to run from here, because it’s so
mountainous, and the hills are full of
“If you go missing, the relatives will
contact each other and bring you back.”
It is impossible to say how many of
the women are victims of trafcking.
“There are no precise figures,” said
Zhejiang University sociology profes-
sor Feng Gang, adding, “it’s likely that
the proportion of forced marriages is
not large.”
Nonetheless Chinese media regu-
larly report cases of “runaway brides”
who flee shortly after their weddings.
Some will have simply changed their
minds, or are scams to defraud the men
of the bride price, said Mr Feng.
Undoubtedly, some of the mar-
riages are voluntary. The men of Linqi
have travelled for work to Vietnam,
where Vu Thi Hong Thuy, 21, met her
“We got to know each other, fell in
love and got married,” she said.
“In Vietnam ... we had to work
hard, but we could not earn enough.
Now I think life is better as only my
husband works.”
Despite currently tense relations
between the Communist neighbours,
a host of “Vietnam dating” websites
also fuels the trade, peppered with im-
ages of Vietnamese women advertised
as “kind” and “obedient”.
“We charge 3000 yuan to arrange
dates in Ho Chi Minh City, and if the
two decide to get married, it’s an extra
36,000 to arrange the wedding includ-
ing photographs,” said a staf member
at one site, declining to be named.
Many also ofer replacements if the
new bride escapes.
“If the female partner divorces
or runs away within the first two
months, we are responsible for find-
ing another partner,” she added.
Love at a bargain price
Brides-for-cash marriages have gained an unhappy reputation in
Southeast Asia with major concerns over forced arangements and people
trafcking. But some Vietnamese women living in a remote Chinese
village say they are pleased with their new lives, finds Tom Hancock.
Vietnamese bride Vu Thi Hong Thuy, 21,shows off a photo of her Chinese
husband in Weijian village, in China’s Henan province on July 30. Photo: AFP
GAMBLING addiction in Japan is
among the highest in the world, with
problem drinking and excessive inter-
net use also on the rise, a new study
has found.
Nearly five percent of Japanese
adults are addicted to gambling wher-
reas in most nations it is around one
percent, according to the report which
was released to local media on August
It also showed rising adult addic-
tion to the internet and alcohol in a
society long known for its tolerance of
boozing and its love of technology.
“If something new becomes avail-
able, addiction will only rise,” Susumu
Higuchi, Japan’s leading expert on ad-
diction, who headed the study, told lo-
cal journalists, according to the Asahi
Shimbun newspaper.
The survey, conducted last year
and sponsored by the health minis-
try, came as the Japanese government
mulls controversial plans to legalise
casino gambling in certain special
zones, with some saying it would boost
the number of foreign tourists.
Low public awareness of the per-
ils of gambling addiction, despite a
robust gaming industry, separates
Japan from other industrialised na-
tions that are relatively more willing
to talk openly about the problem, said
a campaigner who has worked on the
Researchers estimated that roughly
5.36 million people in Japan 4.8 per-
cent of the adult population – are like-
ly pathological gamblers who cannot
resist the impulse to wager.
The study said 8.7 pc of men and
1.8 pc of women fit the internationally-
accepted definition of addicts, accord-
ing to local media.
The wide availability of pachinko
parlours, loud, colourful salons that
ofer rows of pinball-like games, and
other gambling establishments is be-
lieved to be contributing to the prob-
The ratio of compulsive gamblers
in most nations “stands more or less
around one percent of the adult popu-
lation. So Japan’s ratio is high,” a mem-
ber of the study group told reporters,
according to the Nikkei newspaper.
Gambling is everywhere in Japan,
with pachinko halls dotted around
train stations and along major roads,
attracting many middle-age men, but
also women and young people as well.
Betting on racing – horses, bicycles,
motorbikes and speed boats – is also
common, with horse racing featuring
on weekend television.
“There is an absolute lack of pre-
ventive education for [gambling] ad-
diction,” said Noriko Tanaka, head of
campaign group Society Concerned
about the Gambling Addiction.
Japan has allocated insufcient so-
cial resources to publicly discuss the
problem, while more open eforts are
made in the US and Europe, she said.
Open discussion of the matter is
rare as Japanese people in general
shy away from disclosing what can
be regarded as family dishonour, Ms
Tanaka said.
“We are not calling for a ban on
gambling and we recognise it has its
own economic merits,” she said.
“But we must also discuss the
negative economic and social impacts”
of gambling, she said.
The study questioned 7000 Japa-
nese adults nationwide, of whom 4153
gave valid answers.
Around 4.21 million adults are be-
lieved to show signs of internet addic-
tion, the study found, a rate that had
risen 50 percent in five years, the Nik-
kei said.
Researchers blamed the spread
of smartphones and the increasing
quality of digital content for the ris-
ing number of IT addicts, who often
prefer the internet over other essential
activities such as sleeping, according
to the Nikkei.
More than a million people were
believed to be addicted to alcohol,
compared with an estimated 830,000
people a decade ago. – AFP
One in 20 adults in Japan are ‘addicted to gambling’
‘They told me
[Chinese men] care
for their wives and
I wouldn’t have to
work so much, just
enjoy life.’
Nguyen Thi Hang
Vietnamese bride
THE PULSE EDITOR: WHITNEY LIGHT light.whitney@gmail.com THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014





Photo: Zarni Phyo
Going fair
at any price
the pulse 51
The increasing availability of
cheaper and more invasive
treatments is fulf lling – and fuelling
– desires for whiter skin. But are
the side effects worth the risk?
O pain, no gain. That’s what Moe Moe Thu, 25, decided when
she tried out a skin whitening cream called Sky Lark, which she
purchased of the shelf at Dagon Center shopping mall.
“I felt so much hurt and pain when I applied it, but I did not
take it of my face because the directions said not to remove it for
15 minutes. I endured the pain with the thought of getting whiter skin,” she
When she washed of the cream, she noticed her skin was fairer, she said.
But by accident she’d also managed to bleach some of her dark brown hair to
a golden colour.
Moe Moe Thu doesn’t believe she’s sufered any harmful side efects from
the cream. But she also admitted she didn’t know if it was a Food and Drug
Administration-approved product. She’s satisfied with the efect.
Many young women in Myanmar dream of having whiter skin, and
will go to many lengths to get it. Society accepts fair skin as a symbol of
beauty, however problematic that notion is, and at present, many products
purporting to deliver whiter skin fast are becoming cheaply and widely
available. That likely means more people are sufering their minor to major
side efects, too.
The ingredients of whitening creams vary, but some of the more
problematic substances often found are hydroquinine (a bleaching agent) and
high-dose steroids. The National Health Service UK reports that the creams
may cause irritation and redness, as well as uneven whitening and thinning
of the skin.
More worrisome, high doses of topical steroids can lead to hypertension
and high blood sugar, doctors told The New York Times in a 2010 story about
such creams. That story also reported that some creams contain mercury, a
toxic element that can cause nervous-system damage.
In addition, most whitening products don’t work like they say they do,
except for some oral medicines and injections. In years past, these more
efective treatments were not used by average consumers because they were
too expensive. They were reserved for celebrities and the wealthy. Now,
however, the cost has come down, and more women are opting for these
treatments, believing them to be safer and advantageous.
Injections are commonplace these days among college girls, who relay
information to each other about where injections are available and how much
they cost. Their common belief is that the injections have no side efects.
But what’s injected during this treatment is glutathione, a substance found
in fruits, vegetables and meats, and that is also produced naturally by the
liver to facilitate many body processes, such as tissue building and repair.
It’s also an ingredient in oral medicines used to fight cancer, heart disease,
cataracts and more.
The substance is known to have some side efects. One of them is skin
whitening. Glutathione prevents the production of melanin, which causes
dark skin pigmentation. But are there dangers in using a substance for its
side efects, rather than its proven therapeutic efects?
Miss Myanmar International 2013, Gone Yee Aye Kyaw, said she used
a glutathione injection about two years ago and sufered a serious allergic
reaction. She ended up in hospital and being treated with an antidote to get
“I blame myself. I was so scared at that time. I thought I would die because
I had dif culty breathing,” she said. “I took the injection and it happened
immediately. I don’t want whiter skin anymore. Now I know my dark skin is
more attractive.”
The Myanmar FDA has not approved glutathione injections. According
to the administration’s regulations, only oral and topical skin whitening
treatments are legally allowed to be sold.
“Due to the rules, all injection for whitening is illegal,” said Dr Theingi
Zin, who is director of the FDA. “But we have no plan to punish [ofenders] at
Some reports indicate that intravenous injections can easily cause
glutathione overdose. The sudden increase of glutathione in the body can
result in side efects like stomach ache, diarrhea, kidney failure and blood
poisoning, as well as Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal
necrolysis (life-threatening skin conditions). For these reasons, the Myanmar
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an advisory against the use of
skin whitener.
But the dangers are not well known, and demand appears to be on the
“I want to get whiter skin because I think I will be more beautiful than
before,” said Shwe Zin, 22, a student at a local medical college. She is planning
to get an injection soon.
“Sometimes I feel people treat me ofensively because of my dark skin,”
she said. “I believe my confidence will rise if I get whiter skin. So I’ll buy the
injection for whitening from Thailand, because it is cheaper there than in
In Yangon, some famous beauty and skin clinics sell the injection for
whitening. The customers can get an injection there overseen by a doctor.
One dose costs K250,000, and an individual must undergo at least eight
doses, one per week, to see results.
Since the drug only became widely popular in Asian countries a few years
ago, no one really knows its long term efects.
For many, it’s a risk worth taking.
“My skin is not whiter so much as brighter than before,” said Po Po, who
has already taken three doses. “I’ve heard about some people injecting it
themselves. For me, I went to a clinic and enquired about it. They explained
the process well. I think the injection in a clinic is safer than me doing it
myself. They tested me to make sure I don’t have an allergy to glutathione
and then injected me.”
Daw San Mya Aye, a lab researcher at the Asia Pacific beauty and skin care
clinic, is not convinced. The intravenous injection is dangerous, she said, even
if the ingredients are good. Her clinic only ofers oral medicines and topical
People always want what they don’t have, it seems, even if it hurts.
Currently there is no best way to get whiter skin. The safest bet will be to wait
for long-term studies of the efects of injection drugs – or to decide that the
fairest skin colour is the one you have.
Going fair
at any price
52 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
JULY 25 - 31, 2014
Floor, 113, Thamain Bayan Road, Tarmwe township, Yangon.
Tel: 09-731-35632, Email: williameaste@gmail.com
GEMINI | May 21 – June 20
Thinking about truth is not
enough. You must realise
truth to come to true
understanding. Speak at
the right moment about
facts and be helpful. You will achieve
good and easy social communication.
Let your understanding of each other
move along naturally.
SAGITTARIUS | Nov 22 – Dec 21
Vague goals produce vague
outcomes or no outcome at
all. Develop an intellectual
framework that will help you
identify fair competition and
move in any direction you choose. Don’t
engage challenges before your right time,
but certain questions must be answered
to advance your own policy. Your heart
needs a good relaxing time to refresh.
TAURUS | Apr 20 – May 20
To move on from the past
means consolidating your
presence in the moment
with a free mind. Now is the
time to see what lessons you
learned from your loss and what possible
good is contained within the loss. Know
that life is never perfect but it always
includes both the perfect and imperfect.
Don’t be extreme. Love depends on your
SCORPIO | Oct 23 – Nov 21
Taking the uncommon
approach is not easy but
good for gaining knowledge
and experience. Uncommon
sense has creative value.
Train yourself to think broadly and you
will develop your individuality, attitudes
and beliefs. Success doesn’t come easily
and excellence takes longer. Know
yourself well before love.
ARIES | Mar 21 – Apr 19
Peak performance
demands thinking at the
optimal level. To what
extent are you the right
person in the right place at
the right time? In all your activities
there should be something positive and
constructive for other people. Work
through dissatisfactions rather than feel
immobile and helpless.
LIBRA | Sept 23 – Oct 22
Give yourself time and
permission to consider a
new lifestyle. Carefully
observe the direction your
heart draws you, and then
choose that way with all your strength.
Never feel afraid to shoulder big duties
and high responsibility. Develop your
potential for a more balanced life. Love is
impossible if you remain superstitious.
CANCER | June 21 – July 22
Negative thinking,
procrastination and
feelings such as fear,
worry, doubt, guilt, hurt
and anger can cripple your
progress. Know that mistakes are
opportunities that can help you in the
future. Learn how to master disturbing
feelings. Trusting in yourself develops
confidence and leads you to identify
your values and an optimal way of life.
CAPRICORN | Dec 22 – Jan 19
Allow yourself to get to a
deeper level of thinking. You
must clear a path to your
own centre in order to listen
to your own voice. Know that
tension between current realities and
future visions needs to be minded and
managed accordingly. Practice what you
preach. Learn what to look for in the mate
who is perfect for you.
PISCES | Feb 19 – March 20
Your emotions are not
isolated events. They are
the expression of
awareness, the
fundamental stuff of life.
Know that accepting responsibility for
your own feelings is the best way to
create happiness. Social relationships
may become smooth through
personal negotiations, and you could
be empowered by love.
VIRGO | Aug 23 – Sept 22
Always keep in
mind that what
others tell you
is only the tip
of the iceberg.
Know that the
people and the rest of the world is the
willingness to do things that need to be
done, even if it is unpleasant,
inconvenient, dangerous or unfamiliar.
Being a wonderful lover will endear you.
AQUARIUS | Jan 20 – Feb 18
Make the best use of your
time right now. Are you
ready to create the mental
picture of what you want?
Focus on how things can be
done and make them happen. Clear
thinking is not just about self-
improvement, it is your definite guide to
taking a quantum leap. Believe that you
are not born with fear or inferiority.
Romance is like a hunt.
LEO | July 23 – Aug 22
Leadership is the capacity to
translate vision into reality.
The best way to inspire
people to top performance is
to convince them by
everything you do and by your daily
attitude that you are supporting them.
Check that your action aligns with your
purpose. Blaming wastes energy. Read
up all you can about each other.
Aug 1-31 “City of Small”
photography by Thet Htoo. Witness
Yangon Documentary Art Space,
4A, 3
foor, Parami Rd, Pyan Hlwar
Building, Mayangone 12-5pm
Aug 15-Sept 20 “14 AM” TS1
Gallery, Lanthit Jetty, Seikkan 10am-
Start times at Mingalar (1, 2), Thwin,
Shae Shaung (1,2) and Nay Pyi Taw
cinemas are 10am, noon, 2pm, 4pm,
6pm and 8pm.
Start times at Junction Square and
Maw Tin are 10am, 1pm and 4pm
daily and 7pm and 9:30pm on Friday
and Saturday.
Start times at Mingalar San Pya are
10am, 12:30pm, 3:30pm, 6:30pm and
Nay Pyi Taw Cinema, near Sule
Guardians of the Galaxy. Directed by
James Gunn. Based on the Marvel
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
Directed by Jonathan Liebesman.
The heroes in a half-shell are back
and in 3D.
The Expendables 3. Directed
by Patrick Hughes. A group of
mercenaries must take down one of
their own.
Mingalar Cinema 1, Thein Gyi Zay
Into the Storm. Directed by Steven
Quale. A flm of disaster footage.
Mingalar Cinema 2, at Dagon Center
2, Myaynigone, Sanchaung
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
Shae Shaung Cinema, Sule Pagoda
Road, Kyauktada
Into the Storm.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
Junction Square Cineplex,
Rage. A reformed criminal (Nicolas
Cage) seeks vigilante justice when
his daughter is kidnapped.
Guardians of the Galaxy.
Mingalar San Pya Cineplex, Phone
Gyi Street and Anawrahta, Lanmadaw
Guardians of the Galaxy.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
Aug 26 Jerry Peerson Live, Mojo Bar,
135 Inya Road, Bahan, 10pm
Aug 27 Live Music. 50
Street Bar, 9-13
Street, Botahtaung 3-5pm
Aug 29 “The Yangon Vibe” R&B, party
anthems and a dose of house. Mojo
Bar, 135 Inya Road, Bahan 10pm
Aug 30 DJ Sleem’s Funkadelic Show.
Free entry. Mojo Bar, 135 Inya Road,
Bahan 10pm
Aug 31 Hip-Hop Sunday Party with Sai
Sia Khm Leng, Snare, Hlwan Paing,
Bunny Phyoe and Ye Yint Aung. Tickets
K7500 at Bo Bo Music Production, City
Mart, Ocean, RUN YGN and others. Call
09-5108634. Kandawgyi Park, 1pm
Aug 26 Gallery conversation and drinks.
Pansodan Gallery, 289 Pansodan Street,
Kyauktada, 7pm-late
Aug 27 Tipsy Travel Talk Thursdays.
Discuss alternative travel in Myanmar
over drinks. Off the Beaten Track Café,
Kandawgyi Oo Yin Kabar, Kandawgyi
Park, Mingalar Taung Nyunt
Got an event?
List it in What’s On!
AUGUST 25 - 31
the pulse 53 www.mmtimes.com
F you’ve visited the website of
the recently launched Goethe
Institute Yangon, chances are
you’ve come across the cartoons
of Malte Jehmlich, a multimedia
artist and member of the German
art collective Sputnic. In them, he
documents with humour and detail
his experiences of exploring Yangon
for the first time.
He was working in the city earlier
this year as part of an ongoing
collaboration initiated by the Goethe
Institute between Myanmar and
German musicians and artists. The
“Myanmar Meets Europe” orchestra
project has been in motion for
over three years, featuring German
musician Tim Isfort and his European
jazz band and U Hein Tint’s Hsaing
Waing Orchestra.
Now Jehmlich, working with local
artist Soe Thaw Dar, is adding a live-
drawing component. The music and
art performance, called “Eye Contact”,
will be presented locally in October.
The Myanmar Times spoke with
Jehmlich recently by email about his
artistic process and inspiration.
Have you travelled in Southeast
Asia before?
Having never been to Southeast Asia
before, I arrived in Yangon in October
[2013] for a stay of only four days
and was quite overwhelmed: the
busy trafc; the wild mix of colonial
architecture, fading 20
residential blocks and constructions
sites for modern high-rises; the
extremely rich texture of urban life
with street markets, food stalls, tea
houses, religious processions. Life
in (middle) Europe tends to go on
inside buildings, and public spaces
seem to be disappearing or turning
into shopping malls, so this was
very exciting to see. One of the most
striking aspects was the simultaneity
of very traditional lifestyles and
modernity. For example, a man on an
ox-cart web-surfing with a brand new
smart phone.
How did you decide upon the
visual approach for the cartoons?
To create a cartoon series was
actually never my original plan.
But when I travel, I always carry a
sketchbook, which for me is like a
visual diary, where I sketch visual
impressions and take notes of
events and encounters with people.
Even more so this time, working
on an intercultural project that
involves drawing and illustration in
some form, I needed to take notes
as part of my research. I read The
River of Lost Footsteps to get some
background information beyond
the usual tourist guides, and came
to stay and work in Yangon for four
weeks in February.
Tell me about your artistic process.
I met Soe Thaw Dar almost every
day to talk and draw about our
cultures, history, our experiences
and opinions, practically living at
his home. Four weeks is nothing
to really get to know a country, a
completely diferent culture, so
these were only first impressions
of a newcomer, but I got immersed
deeply in everyday culture and street
life in this period. So in the end I
had a lot of material, and I saw that
people enjoyed flipping through my
sketchbook – Burmese people, who
were interested in what catches
my eye in their country, as well as
Western expats, who were reminded
of their own first confusing
experiences in Myanmar.
The Goethe Institute suggested
that I publish the material on their
website, so over the last months I
reworked the material, drawing and
writing it anew in order to condense
it into (hopefully) concise and pointed
episodes about my experiences with
Soe Thaw Dar, the peculiarities of
Yangon, and the confusion that
sometimes happens when cultures
and concepts collide. I work first
analog, with pencil and then ink on
paper, and colourise on the computer
with a graphic tablet.
Had you done an art project
similar to this before?
This was, and still is, my first
big intercultural project, and it
has been an extremely enriching
experience. I feel very privileged to
be able to do this, and I am really
looking forward to the next phase,
where Soe Thaw Dar will come to
stay and work with us in Germany
until we all return to Yangon to
present the “Eye Contact” project
together with the “Myanmar Meets
Europe” concert in October, which,
by the way, will have a completely
diferent narrative and visual style
then my cartoon series.
What’s been the best part of this
project? What’s been the most
The best has been actually visiting
and experiencing Myanmar and
its people – Burmese hospitality
is amazing! Most challenging is
communication – with Soe Thaw Dar,
only having limited English to share,
we communicate a lot with drawings.
Still, sometimes concepts and cultural
ideas collide, and I think we are only
beginning to understand how we
think and feel diferently.
Concerning the work for “Eye
Contact”, but also for the cartoons,
it is quite difcult to communicate
to audiences from diferent cultures,
especially with humour. Sometimes
background needs to be provided
for Western people without boring
a Myanmar audience, and the other
way round. Sometimes it remains
unknown how things will be
understood, which is okay for me. I
believe in keeping my work open to
diferent kinds of interpretations.

After living in Yangon for several
weeks, what were your thoughts
upon arriving home?
Back in Germany, everything looked
grey, especially as it was winter. The
streets were so quiet and ordered that
I felt like I was under a glass dome that
mutes everything out. The clamour of
Yangon was still echoing in my head,
and I can’t wait to come back.
Learn more about the Eye Contact
project and read “Malte in Myanmar”
at http://www.goethe.de/ins/mm/en/
mya.html. More info on Sputnic at
In the spotlight...
Drawn to Yangon
Q & A
German artist Malte Jehmlich collaborates
across cultures and mediums to help present
a unique performance in Yangon
Photo: © sputnic.tv/Malte Jehmlich
54 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
The Global Gossip
Jackie Chan’s son caught with more
than 100 grams of pot
The son of Hong Kong film star Jackie Chan has
been detained on drug-related charges and was
shown on Chinese television with boxes of cannabis
on August 19.
Beijing police last week detained Jaycee Chan,
also an actor, “on suspicion of accommodating
suspected drug users”, China’s official Xinhua news
agency reported.
Police seized more than 100 grams of cannabis
from Chan’s house, in a swoop which also saw
a Taiwanese actor Kai Ko detained on drug charges.
China launches periodic crackdowns on illegal
drug use, which in the past have involved arresting
celebrities. At least 10 stars have been detained
this year, state-run media have said.
Jackie Chan has a high profile in China,
and he has also been a government “anti-drug
ambassador” since 2009.
Users of Sina Weibo, a Twitter-like social
networking service, on August 19 leapt to Jaycee’s
defence. “He’s still a male god,” wrote one, while
another asked, “Who doesn’t make mistakes?”
Missing model found alive in hospital
Sudanese model Ataui Deng, who went missing for
nearly two weeks, has been found alive in a New York
hospital, police said August 19.
The 22-year-old was last seen around
midnight on August 6 as she left a Manhattan
nightclub near Times Square.
On August 18, police appealed for help
from the public after they were notified of her
disappearance by her boyfriend.
“She was found in an area hospital,” a New
York Police Department spokesperson told
AFP, adding that she was fine.
According to the New York Post, Deng
checked herself into St Luke’s Hospital under
a fake name and was recognised by staff
there following the police appeal.
A regular in magazines such as Vogue,
Glamour and Elle, Deng has taken to the
runway for Lanvin, Hermes, Agnes B.,
Vivienne Westwood and Jean-Paul Gaultier.
She has also posed for celebrated fashion
photographer Mario Testino.
She came to the US with her family in
2004 and has lived in New York City since
Leonard Cohen to release new album for 80
Canadian singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen announced August 19 the release of a
new album next month to coincide with his 80
Titled Popular Problems, the album “sets a new tone and speed of hope and
despair, grief and joy”, according to his website.
It contains nine new songs written in collaboration with Patrick Leonard. The pair
worked together previously on Cohen’s 12
album, Old Ideas, which was released in 2012
and became the highest charting of Cohen’s career.
Popular Problems will be released in France
on September 22, and in the United States the
following day. Cohen was born in Montreal on
September 21, 1934.
Following a 2005 lawsuit against his ex-
manager, who stole from him while he lived
in a monastery near Los Angeles, and with
his finances in disarray, Cohen returned to
performing in 2008 after a 15-year gap.
He has since continued to tour with great
success, resurrecting his career and reputation
treet S
Turning 80 next month,
Leonard Cohen is as
productive and famous as
ever. Photo: Joel Saget/AFP
In an unusual missing person
case, Ataui Deng was found
alive and well in New York City.
Photo: Astrid Stawiarz/Getty
Trishaw drivers coast along Wardan Jetty. Photo: Kaung Htet
Iyengar yoga founder
dies aged 95
Madonna’s diaries, nude photos and
more set for auction
Madonna memorabilia including nude
photographs will go on sale in November at
an auction that will also include some of her
most famous outfits and some of her lyrics.
The Marilyn Monroe-inspired gown and
jewellery that Madonna donned in her 1984
“Material Girl” music video will also be up for
grabs, Beverly Hills-based Julien’s Auctions
said August 19.
The collection also includes a day planner
from 1988 in which Madonna jotted down
notes on everything from dates with her
then-husband Sean Penn to an appearance
on Late Night with David Letterman.
More risque are negatives and prints
of nude photographs taken of the diva for
Penthouse magazine.
With price estimates ranging from
US$600 to $40,000, the auction will take
place on November 7 and 8 over the course
of four sessions.
Pakistani education
activist Malala
Yousafzai attends
“TimesTalks Presents:
I Am Malala” at the
French Institute in New
York City on August
19. Photo: Monica
Schipper/Getty Images/
KS Iyengar, the Indian
yoga guru credited
with helping to fuel a
global explosion in the
popularity of the ancient
spiritual practice, died on August 20
aged 95, his website said.
Iyengar started his yoga school
in 1973 in the western city of Pune,
developing a unique form of the
practice that he said anyone could
He trained hundreds of teachers
to disseminate his approach, which
uses props such as belts and ropes
to help novice practitioners achieve
the poses. He wrote many books
on yoga, which has been practised
in Asia for more than 2000 years,
and has in recent decades become
hugely popular around the world.
His insistence on perfecting the
poses – or asanas – won him a huge
following, among them celebrity
fans ranging from the cricketer
Sachin Tendulkar to the writer
Aldous Huxley. It was an encounter
with the violinist Yehudi Menuhin,
who came across Iyengar during a
trip to Mumbai in the 1950s, that
prompted his move to take his
practice global.
“Perhaps no one has done more
than Mr Iyengar to bring yoga
to the West,” said the New York
Times in a 2002 profile of the guru.
“Long before Christy Turlington
was gracing magazine covers,
decades before power yoga was a
multimillion-dollar business, Mr
Iyengar was teaching Americans,
among others, the virtues of asanas
and breath control.”
US model Turlington famously
graced the front cover of Time
magazine in a cross-legged pose for
a 2001 report on the explosion in
yoga’s popularity.
Critics say the global expansion
of yoga into Western gyms and
fitness centres has taken the
practice too far from its spiritual
But Iyengar said it was unfair
to blame yogis. “It all depends on
what state of mind the practitioner
is in when he is doing yoga,” he said
last year in an interview with the
Indian newspaper Mint. “For the
aberration, don’t blame yoga or the
whole community of yogis.”
Iyengar died early August 20
in hospital after sufering kidney
failure, the Press Trust of India
news agency said.
His website carried a picture
of Iyengar’s smiling face beside
a message that read: “I always
tell people, ‘live happily and die
Despite sufering a heart attack
at 80, he had continued to practise
yoga into his 90s.
He sufered from ill health as
a child, but found that he could
improve his strength by practising
yoga, which he took up as a
teenager. When he was 18, his guru
sent him to teach in Pune because
he spoke some English. There,
he developed his own form of
yoga, eventually opening his own
institute. There are now over 100
Iyengar yoga institutes around the
Indian Information Minister
Prakash Javadekar said Iyengar had
“made Pune the capital of yoga and
spread it all over the world”.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi,
a yoga lover, tweeted that he was
“deeply saddened” by the guru’s
death. “Generations will remember
Shri BKS Iyengar as a fine guru,
scholar & a stalwart who brought
yoga into the lives of many across
the world,” he said.
Iyengar is survived by a son and
a daughter. He will be cremated on
August 27.
BKS Iyenger (right) demonstrates a stretching exercise to
Indian cricketer Virender Sehwag (left) during a training camp in
Bangalore on September 3, 2003. Photo: AFP
India and the world
mourn the man from
Pune who inspired
thousands with a
populist style of practice
An Indian model
showcases a creation by
designer Gen Next Show
during the Lakme Fashion
Week Winter/Festival 2014
in Mumbai on August 20.
Photo: AFP
56 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
AFTER Orwell’s Burmese Days, a
foreigner’s next obligatory Burma
fiction read should perhaps be Ma Ma
Lay’s Not Out of Hate, a melancholy
romance set in the pre-war years
leading up to the Japanese occupation.
The novel covers a similar theme –
British arrogance toward local culture
– but with a focus on the inner life of a
young Burmese woman rather than of
white male foreigners.
Regarded as one of the best writers
of her day, Ma Ma Lay published the
book in 1955, at the age of 38. Her
husband had died when she was 29,
leaving her to care for their three
children alone, but she continued
to publish the newspaper they had
started together, The Journal Kyaw,
and went on to publish another, The
People’s Voice. Before her death in
1982 she travelled across Asia and
to Russia, and published dozens of
stories. The English translation of Not
Out of Hate, one of her best-known
works, did not appear until 1991.
At first glance the story’s
protagonist appears to have little in
common with its author’s formidable
self. The delicate, dutiful daughter
of a rice merchant, Way Way falls in
love with U Saw Han, an agent of a
British trading company who moves
in next door. He is Burmese but has
adopted the airs of the British elite,
eating eggs and toast for breakfast
and sitting at a table set with fine
linen and silver. Way Way watches
him from an upper-storey window
and becomes self-conscious of her
family’s comparatively shabby home
furnishings and their manner of
eating meals with their fingers in the
traditional way. It’s a doomed match,
but they marry.
The portrait of U Saw Han is crude
but efective. He embodies the West,
believing in all cases that British is
better. When Way Way’s father takes
ill with tuberculosis, he is paranoid
that she will also contract the disease
and prohibits her from visiting his
bedside on what turns out to be the last
opportunity. His precautions turn out
to be futile, however, because Way Way
takes ill anyway.
U Saw Han smothers her with good
intentions: She is fed and injected with
Western medicines, to the point that
she would rather die, and when she is
denied the familiar sour and salty foods
she loves her body and emotions waste
away. U Saw Han, of course, doesn’t
Reading the novel today, the allegory
of East-West culture clash seems a
bit blunt and moralising, though in
1955, in the wake of independence, it
likely spoke to readers’ anti-colonial
One biographical element does
come through in the depiction of May
May’s sufering. Ma Ma Lay studied
traditional medicine herself for 15 years,
and it’s said that a British Army doctor
botched an operation on the leg of one
of her daughters.
But knowing this, and knowing
Ma Ma Lay’s independent way of life,
Way Way’s response to her situation
seems to be traditional almost to a
fault. Way Way is always gentle, loyal
and generous. Depicted by a woman as
strong and practical as Ma Ma Lay, one
can’t help but wonder if the portrait is
meant as a condemnation of certain
aspects of this character, or perhaps
of Burmese society’s expectations of
We learn early on in the book that
Way Way’s mother left her father many
years ago to live far away as a nun. Even
though her mother is living the life of a
good Buddhist, free from attachment,
to Way Way her abandonment of the
family constitutes a selfish act.
Way Way is determined not to
be like her mother. She stays by her
father’s side; when he dies, she stays by
her husband’s side. Way Way does only
what tradition and customs demand.
She obeys U Saw Han’s directives, never
voices any want or need of her own, is
smiling always and represses every urge
to split. By the final chapters, she has
assumed the character of a martyr. But
in the name of what? Little, it seems,
but cultural notions of restraint and a
“good” woman’s place. Thus, “not out of
hate” do good characters come to bad
Perhaps that’s too modern a take.
Perhaps contemporary female readers
identified strongly with and approved
of the honourable Way Way. Without
the possibility of the subversive reading,
however, readers today, especially
young women, might well be tempted
to throw the book across the room.
Nonetheless, Not Out of Hate ofers
a thorough picture of local culture
and the tensions of the colonial era, as
well as some heartrending moments.
The translation is an easy read, with a
formality according its era, perfect for
tucking into on a long train ride.
India blocks release of Indira
Gandhi assassination film
Classic anti-romance of
colonial Burma condemns
good intentions
Not Out of Hate by Ma Ma Lay,
translated by Margaret Aung-Thwin
Silkworm Books | K20,000 at Monument Books
Troupe revives classic play about King Thibaw
FTER a 26-year hiatus,
Partawmu, a play about
Thibaw, the last king
of Myanmar, will be
performed on August 30
and 31 at the National Theatre.
The play was adapted from
the trilogy Sarsodaw (Composer),
written by Dagon Khin Khin Lay,
who penned a script for the play in
1951. The famous Sein Maha Thabin
troupe, founded by the 20
traditional dancer Great U Pho Sein,
staged its debut in 1959.
The play brought the troupe fame,
and they continued performing the
play until 1988, when the military junta
decided that the play’s content caused
controversy. Performances died away.
Then the troupe folded for good in 1993
because the actors retired.
“Since 1988, we often made
eforts to revive the play during
the festive season, but we were not
allowed,” said Daw Nilar Khin Myint,
granddaughter of Great U Pho Sein.
The play will be performed by the
Anawmar Thukhuma troupe, which
was founded by the grandchildren of
Great U Pho Sein.
King Thibaw, the last king of the
Konbaung dynasty, acceded to the
throne in 1878 and was dethroned by
the British in 1885. He lived the rest
of his life in exile in Ratnagiri, India.
His reign is regarded as that of a
puppet king, since his actions were
controlled by Supayalat, his spouse.
In this way the story of his rise and
fall thus shares similarities with the
story of many under the military
regime: Someone was always in the
background pulling strings.
“It is true that history repeats
itself and coincidences happen,” Daw
Nilar Khin Myint said. “It seemed
[Thibaw] was not so powerful that
he could make a decision without
Supayalat’s consent.”
The play opens with a scene of
a grand ceremony crowning King
Thibaw and ends with the king and
his family being brought by a bullock
cart to Ratnagiri.
There are other similarities
between the play and the present. The
king called his wife “Su” as people
refer to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi as
Daw “Suu”. The audience in the late
1980s always applauded whenever the
actors in the play called the character
“Su” on stage.
Daw Nilar Khin Myint said that
the short form “Su” was written into
the play by Sein Maha Thabin in 1959.
“I think the play had long been
prohibited during military junta
because of such verbal coincidence,”
she said.
The new production will
be faithful to the original
performance, but Anawmar
Thukhuma will enrich the
play with more characters and
emphasis on historical accuracy.
In the Sein Maha Thabin version,
for example, there were only two
British soldiers who accompanied
the king to the river after his
surrender. The new play will
feature 20 soldiers.
“In school, children can’t learn
how King Thibaw and his family
were taken to Ratnagiri in detail
from history textbooks. Whatever
they think – whether they feel pity or
blame the king – they will learn how
it happened.”
Partawmu will start at 7pm on August 30
and 31 at the National Theatre. Tickets are
priced at K30,000, K25,000, K20,000 and
K10,000, available at SS Café on Sayar
San Road, A&T confectionery and Man
Thiri music production, or call 09-5044439.
Members of Anawmar Thukhuma practise scenes of Partawmu. Photo: YuYu
INDIA’S government on
August 21 blocked the release
of a controversial film on the
assassination of former Indian
premier Indira Gandhi after
calls grew for it to be banned for
glorifying her killers.
Kaum De Heere (Diamonds of the
Community), which was scheduled
for release on August 22, tells the
story of Gandhi’s Sikh bodyguards
who shot the premier dead in 1984
apparently in revenge for a military
operation that killed hundreds of
The government’s Central Board
of Film Certification (CBFC) decided
to stop the release “because of the
law and order situation that might
result from the showing of the film”,
the Press Trust of India (PTI) news
agency reported.
“We saw the film and decided
that it will not be released
tomorrow,” CBFC Chair Leela
Samson said after reviewing the
movie, according to PTI.
The home ministry had
reportedly asked the Ministry of
Information and Broadcasting,
under which CBFC functions, to
review the movie’s go-ahead earlier
in the day since content was found
to be “highly objectionable”.
The youth wing of Gandhi’s
Congress party had written to
current Prime Minister Narendra
Modi, saying the film portrays the
two bodyguards as heroes.
Vikramjit Chaudhary, president
of the Punjab Pradesh Youth
Congress, a local unit of Congress
said the film sent the wrong signal
to young disafected Sikhs in
northern Punjab state where the
army’s Operation Bluestar was
carried out in 1984.
Director Ravinder Ravi has
defended his film, whose characters
speak in Punjabi, saying it had “no
heroes or villains”.
“All that I am doing is telling
a human story about two families
that is neither political nor aimed
at creating trouble,” Ravi told The
Hindu on August 18.
the pulse food and drink 57 www.mmtimes.com
Chillies and Chin
specialities feature at
The Rih Lake
Food 7
Drink 7
Service 8
Value for Money 10
X-factor 7
Restaurant Rating
The Rih Lake
67B Dhama Yone, Sanchaung
Phone 09-5019135
Photos: Yu Yu
Restaurant Review
flavours inspire
a salad so
fresh, it’s
almost raw
’VE become addicted to wasabi
this month, and so I bring you
another wasabi recipe. It clears
the throat and wakes up the
This week I used it to make
a dressing for squid salad. I was
inspired by sashimi dishes, but most
people here don’t eat raw squid.
Instead I have blanched them.
I also checked out a new
supermarket this week, where I found
shimeji mushrooms. These are quite
strongly flavoured, but I love the taste
and texture.
If you like blue cheese, you’ll likely
enjoy the shimeji mushroom, too.
Serves 4
• 450-500g of squid
• 1½ tbsp Kikkoman soy sauce
• 1½ tbsp mirin
• 1 tbsp rice vinegar
• 1 tsp wasabi paste (good quality)
• ½ tbsp sesame oil
• 1 star anise
• Half a small broccoli
• Handful of ju phu (Chinese chive
Wash the squid and drain well. Pat
Cut of the tentacles and halve them.
Cut the bodies in half, and slit the top
parts to make a diamond shape. Then
cut into 2-3cm square pieces.
Boil a pot of water with the star
anise and a few pinches of salt. Briefly
toss in the squid to blanch. When they
start to curl, scoop out and drain well.
In a small bowl, blend the wasabi
paste into the soy sauce, then add rice
vinegar and oil. Mix well.
Lay the squid in a serving bowl
and sprinkle the dressing over them.
Let marinate for a few minutes.
Blanch the vegetables in the
boiling water, and refresh them in ice
water. Drain well.
When you’re ready to eat, add the
vegetables to the bowl and toss well.
Note: You could substitute salad
greens for the broccoli and chives.
Fuel appetites with fl ash
cooking and wasabi
Serves 4
• 125g shimeji mushrooms
• 3 cloves of garlic
• 1½ tbsp vegetable oil
• Salt to taste
Take the stems of the
mushrooms 2cm above the base.
Rinse with water gently.
Add oil to a frying pan and
heat on medium. Sauté the garlic
for 1 minute.
Add the mushrooms to
the pan and sauté. When the
mushrooms become soft, it is
ready to serve.
These go well with grilled
meat, soup and rice.
Photos: Phyo
WHILE traditional Shan
restaurants are everywhere in
Yangon, it’s rather rare to see Chin
establishments. If you haven’t
tried Chin food before, The Rih
Lake is a good place to do so.
Easy to find due to a big
signboard out front, the restaurant
is named after the heart-shaped
lake in Chin State. The two-storey
building also features a gift shop
upstairs that sells traditional
costumes and accessories such as
bracelets, necklaces and belts.
The dining room is a little
dark, but the owner has used light
colours – white and violet – to
brighten it up. The design is cute
and welcoming.
The staf is friendly and patient,
and ready to explain the menu,
which is very clear. With each dish
is a list of its ingredients, so diners
may make a well-informed choice.
I ordered sa-butti, a famous Chin
soup cooked with meat and corn
(K3000). There’s the option to
order it with beef or pork. I chose
beef, and also ordered a plate of
Pork Chang, which is steamed
sticky rice with pork (K2500).
While I waited for my meal,
I browsed the gift shop. The
colourful Chin dresses – the
designs are based on lines, and
each line is a diferent colour –
are very pretty. Two girls work
upstairs sewing the clothes, and
were happy to explain details
about where the items came from.
Some have been made in Chin
State by ethnic people. The dresses
are priced from K14,000 to over
Meanwhile, the meal took about
15 minutes to come to my table.
The soup was thick, with tender
pieces of fried beef served on the
side. Pounded Chin chillies, lime
and soybean sauce are on the table
for diners to add as much as they
Although not oily, the food is
a bit rich and spicy. I couldn’t eat
the whole bowl. It’s a good dish
for filling up with energy because
the beef and corn combination is
wholesome and not too fatty. Sa-
butti, in fact, is what Chin people
eat on a daily basis at any time of
Pork Chang mixes slices of pork
right into the sticky rice. It’s on
the salty side and, again, more
than enough for one person.
Overall, the menu is not too
long – around five pages including
the cold drink list (sodas and
seasonal fruit juices). You need to
like heat to enjoy many dishes, as
chillies are a staple ingredient.
Joanita Kalibala
Union Foreign Minister U Wunna Maung Lwin, Daw Lynn Lynn Tin, Ambassador Robert Chu and
Mrs Hisayo Chua
Singapore National Day ceremony
Open mic at Nawaday Tharlar
The 47
Singapore National Day ceremony was held
at Sedona Hotel on August 12.
Artists and musicians, locals and foreigners, gathered at Nawaday Tharlar
Gallery on August 20 to share songs and talents. The event is held every
week and all are welcome.
Phyu Phyu Kyaw Thein and mother
Vanessa Lye and
Sulaiman Zainul Abidin
Sai Lone Htaw and Yuko Nakajima
ima/Emmanuel Maillard
Comedy night at 50
The 50
Street Bar & Grill attracted a packed house for its Standup Comedy
Night featuring comedians BJ Fox, Suzanne Shepherd, Stevo Joslin and Wil-
liam Childress on August 19.
William Childress
Jogi and Jodi
Estelle and Jeshi
BJ Fox
Shauna and Iain
Richard, Tun Myint Aung and Aung Naing Oo
60 the pulse travel THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
Airline Codes
6T = Air Mandalay
7Y = Mann Yadanarpon Airlines
FMI = FMI Air Charter
K7 = Air KBZ
W9 = Air Bagan
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
YH = Yangon Airways
YJ = Asian Wings
Subject to change
without notice
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
7 = Sunday
Domestic Airlines
Air Bagan (W9)
Tel: 513322, 513422, 504888. Fax: 515102
Air KBZ (K7)
Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (airport), 373766
(hotline). Fax: 372983
Air Mandalay (6T)
Tel: (office) 501520, 525488, (airport)
533222~3, 09-73152853.
Fax: (office) 525937, 533223 (airport)
Asian Wings (YJ)
Tel: 515261~264, 512140, 512473, 512640
Fax: 532333, 516654
FMI Air Charter
Tel: 240363, 240373, 09421146545
Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 09400446999, 09400447999
Fax: 8604051
Mann Yadanarpon Airlines (7Y)
Tel: 656969
Fax: 656998, 651020
Yangon Airways (YH)
Tel: 383100, 383107, 700264
Fax: 652 533
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
FMI A1 1,2,3,4,5 7:30 8:30 FMI A2 1,2,3,4,5 8:50 9:50
FMI A1 6 8:00 9:00 FMI A2 6 10:00 11:00
FMI B1 1,2,3,4,5 11:30 12:30 FMI B2 1,2,3,4,5 13:00 14:00
FMI A1 7 15:30 16:30 FMI A2 7 17:00 18:00
FMI C1 1,2,3,4,5 16:45 17:45 FMI C2 1,2,3,4,5 18:05 19:05
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 917 1,3,4,5,6 6:10 8:30 Y5 233 Daily 8:05 9:15
Y5 775 Daily 6:15 7:25 YH 918 1,3,4,5,6 8:30 10:25
W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 6:20 8:25 W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 8:40 10:05
K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 6:30 8:40 K7 223/7Y 112 Daily 8:55 11:00
YJ 201 2,3,4 6:30 7:55 W9 201 Daily 9:10 11:05
YJ 233 1,6 6:30 7:55 YH 829 6 11:25 15:15
YJ 211 5,7 6:30 7:55 YJ 212 7 11:30 14:45
YH 826 4 7:00 8:40 W9 153/YJ 7153 7 12:45 19:30
YH 824 1 7:00 8:40 W9 153/YJ 7153 2,5 12:45 18:50
YH 828 2 7:00 8:40 YH 825 1 13:20 14:25
YH 828 6 7:00 11:25 YH 827 4 13:20 14:45
7Y 851 1,3,7 7:05 11:20 YJ 203 4 13:50 15:15
W9 201 Daily 7:30 8:55 7Y 742 2,5 14:00 18:18
7Y 741 2,5 9:00 13:45 YJ 235 6 14:00 15:25
7Y 841 4,6 10:00 14:15 YH 730 6 14:00 19:15
YH 727 1 11:00 13:10 YH 829 2 14:20 15:45
YH 729 2,4,6 11:00 14:00 YJ 213 5 14:20 15:45
YH 737 3,5,7 11:00 13:10 YJ 235 1 14:25 15:50
W9 151/YJ 7151 1,3,6 11:00 14:45 YJ 203 2 14:25 15:50
W9 7153/YJ 153 2,5,7 11:00 12:25 7Y 852 1,3,7 14:25 18:40
7Y 631 2,4,6 11:15 12:40 7Y 842 4,6 14:30 18:15
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 14:30 16:35 W9 7152/YJ 152 1,3,6 15:05 16:30
W9 211 1,2,3,5,6 16:00 17:25 7Y 632 2,4,6 16:15 17:40
W9 7211/YJ 211 4 16:00 17:25 YH 728 1 16:30 17:55
Y5 234 Daily 17:45 18:55 K7 225/7Y 222 Daily 16:50 19:00
YH 738 3,5,7 17:10 18:35
YH 730 2,4 17:45 19:10
Y5 776 Daily 19:35 20:45
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 917 1,3,4,5,6 6:10 7:45 YH 918 1,3,4,5,6 7:45 10:25
6T 401 1 6:20 7:40 W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 7:55 10:05
W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 6:20 7:40 YH 918 2,7 8:05 10:10
YH 917 2,7 6:30 8:05 K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 8:05 11:00
K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 6:30 7:50 6T 402 1 8:40 10:00
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 14:30 17:25 K7 225/7Y 222 Daily 17:40 19:00
W9 211 1,2,3,5,6 16:00 18:10 W9 211 1,2,3,5,6 18:25 19:45
W9 7211/YJ 211 4 16:00 18:10 W9 7211/YJ 211 4 18:25 19:45
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 211 5,7 6:30 9:20 YH 827 4 11:55 14:45
YJ 233 1,6 6:30 9:20 YH 825 1 11:55 14:25
YJ 201 2,3 6:30 9:20 YJ 203 4 12:25 15:15
YJ 201 4 6:30 12:10 YH 829 6 12:50 15:15
YH 826 4 7:00 10:05 YH 829 2 12:55 15:45
YH 824 1 7:00 10:05 7Y 852 1,3,7 13:00 18:40
YH 828 6 7:00 10:00 YJ 211 7 9:35 14:45
YH 828 2 7:00 12:55 W9 7152/YJ 152 1,3,6 13:35 16:30
7Y 851 1,3,7 7:05 12:45 7Y 632 2,4,6 14:50 17:40
W9 7151/YJ 151 1,3,6 11:00 13:15 W9 7154/YJ 154 7 16:35 19:30
W9 7153/YJ 153 2,5,7 11:00 13:55 W9 7154/YJ 154 2,5 16:35 18:50
7Y 631 2,4,6 11:15 14:35
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 917 1,3,4,5,6 6:10 9:15 YH 918 2,7 9:00 10:10
YH 917 2,7 6:30 9:00 YH 918 1,3,4,5,6 9:15 10:25
K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 6:30 9:30 K7 223/7Y 112 Daily 9:45 11:00
7Y 851 1,3,7 7:05 10:35 W9 201 Daily 9:55 11:05
W9 201 Daily 7:30 9:40 7Y 741 2,5 13:15 18:18
7Y 741 2,5 9:00 13:03 YJ 213 7 13:35 14:45
7Y 841 4,6 10:00 13:30 YJ 235 1 13:40 15:50
YH 729 6 11:00 17:50 YJ 203 2 13:40 15:50
YH 727 1 11:00 12:25 7Y 841 4,6 13:45 18:15
YH 737 3,5,7 11:00 12:25 7Y 852 1,3,7 15:10 18:40
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 14:30 15:45 YJ 203 3 14:35 15:45
YH 728 1 15:45 17:55
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 16:00 19:00
YH 738 3,5,7 16:25 18:35
YH 730 6 17:50 19:15
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
6T 607 1 11:15 12:40 6T 608 1 13:00 15:00
6T 605 5 11:15 13:15 6T 606 5 13:35 15:00
W9 7311/YJ 311 4 11:30 13:20 W9 7311/YJ 311 4 13:35 15:00
W9 311 2 11:30 13:20 W9 311 2 13:35 15:00
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 633 3,5,7 7:00 9:15 YH 634 3,5,7 11:25 13:25
K7 319/7Y 531 Daily 7:00 9:05 K7 320/7Y 532 1,3,5 11:20 13:25
K7 320/7Y 532 2,4,6,7 11:30 13:35
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
6T 605 5 11:15 12:10 6T 605 5 12:25 15:00
6T 607 1 11:15 13:50 6T 608 1 14:05 15:00
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 633 3,5,7 7:00 8:25 YH 634 3,5,7 12:15 13:25
K7 319/7Y 531 1,3,5 7:00 8:05 K7 320/7Y 532 1,3,5 12:20 13:25
K7 319/7Y 531 2,4,6,7 7:00 8:10 K7 320/7Y 532 2,4,6,7 12:25 13:35
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 201 3 6:30 11:45 YJ 202 3 12:00 15:45
YJ 211 7 6:30 12:15 YJ 213 7 12:30 14:45
7Y 741 2,5 9:00 10:38 7Y 742 2,5 16:40 18:18
YH 729 2,4,6 11:00 13:00 YH 730 2,4 16:45 19:10
YH 730 6 16:50 19:15
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 824 1 7:00 11:00 YH 825 1 11:00 14:25
YH 826 4 7:00 11:00 YH 827 4 11:00 14:45
W9 7153/YJ 153 2,5,7 11:00 15:05 W9 7154/YJ 154 7 15:25 19:30
W9 7154/YJ 154 2,5 15:25 18:50
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
W9 9607/ YJ 7607 4,7 14:20 16:10 W9 9608/ YJ 7608 4,7 17:20 18:10
the pulse travel 61 www.mmtimes.com
WO close friends and I had
not travelled together for
many years. This month,
we finally made time for
it, and after considering
various well-known beach getaways,
we decided on the less frequented
The archipelago of over 100 islands,
situated in northwestern Malaysian
territory, is a paradise of towering
mountains and blue waters. Most of
the islands are uninhabited, and some
are privately owned, ofering plenty of
spots to boat cruise, kayak, trek and
sunbathe. Most visitors spend time
at only a few islands, and individual
itineraries can be arranged through
local guides.
The largest is Palau Langkawi,
where facilities are located, with hotels
spread between two developed areas:
Pantai Cenang Beach on the west coast
and Kuah in the southeast.
We booked a nine-day trip, and
on the first we went sightseeing. The
architecture is old and shabby, but the
roads are surprisingly well maintained,
suggesting that much thought has been
given to infrastructure, which is vital
for tourism.
Though July to September is
considered monsoon season in
Langkawi, we rarely encountered
bad weather. Light drizzles are to be
expected in the early morning, but the
days were full of sunshine.
An hour’s sea journey from
Langkawi is Palau Payar Marine Park
for snorkelling and diving. We had a
delightful time attempting snorkelling,
though the weather was not in our
favour. Our guide pulled us out into the
sea with the help of a life ring, but the
visibility was very low. We strained our
eyes trying to spot coral and fish in the
murky waters.
For the more adventurous, there are
also diving points where one can spot
sharks and swarms of grouper fish. One
local commented that we would have
seen a true haven for sea life here, if we
had come five years ago.
Another notable attraction is Daya
Bunting Island, which features a fresh-
water lake called Lake of the Pregnant
Maiden. Legend has it that a fairy
princess blesses all infertile women
who bathe in the water.
Many agents ofer watersports such
as parasailing and jet-skiing on Cenang
Beach. In our research, we found that
some companies have no insurance
and in the case of accident, take no
responsibility. We went with Naam, the
only insured one we found. Their good
service was reassuring for us naïve
You won’t find posh shops in
Langkawi, but you can get beachwear
and local cotton clothing that is perfect
for Myanmar’s hot weather. Malaysia
batik is a must-buy item. Many
Myanmar women love these colourful
floral prints. Called a sarong locally,
the women wear the fabric just like a
longyi. Prices range from 30 to over 100
ringgit (K30,000).
For satisfying meals, it’s best to visit
the mid- to high-end restaurants, which
ofer delicious seafood and more. Orkid
Ria Seafood restaurant in Cenang
Beach is a popular choice for both
locals and tourists. Many others ofer
Thai, Malay, Indian and Arabic cuisines.
Both shops and restaurants remain
open into the late hours.
For Myanmar nationals, a tourist
visa is relatively easy to get if you have
a friend from Malaysia or Singapore
travelling with you. It takes one day to
process a visa and costs US$6. Once on
the island, there are plenty of tourist
info centres and planning activities
is very convenient. Taxi is the most
accessible transport. You can also rent a
car or motorbike.
We booked our hotel, Resort World
Langkawi, online via Agoda. It was
cheap and comfortable, and Cenang
Beach is the heart of Langkawi. We
preferred to stay close to the action and
avoid spending much on taxi fares.
We left satisfied that Langkawi, “the
jewel of Kedah”, had been a perfect
destination for our reunion and a break
from the gloomy rainy season at home.
Naam Watersports can be contacted
via www.naam.bz. More information
about Langkawi can be read at the
official tourism Malaysia website,
Photos: Mon T Han
Islands at
Langkawi offer
endless options
Airline Codes
3K = Jet Star
8M = Myanmar Airways International
AK = Air Asia
BG = Biman Bangladesh Airlines
CA = Air China
CI = China Airlines
CZ = China Southern
DD = Nok Airline
FD = Air Asia
KA = Dragonair
KE = Korea Airlines
MH = Malaysia Airlines
MI = Silk Air
MU = China Eastern Airlines
NH = All Nippon Airways
PG = Bangkok Airways
QR = Qatar Airways
SQ = Singapore Airways
TG = Thai Airways
TR = Tiger Airline
VN = Vietnam Airline
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
Subject to change
without notice
International Airlines
Air Asia (FD)
Tel: 251885, 251886
Air Bagan Ltd.(W9)
Tel: 513322, 513422, 504888. Fax: 515102
Air China (CA)
Tel: 666112, 655882
Air India
Tel: 253597~98, 254758. Fax 248175
Bangkok Airways (PG)
Tel: 255122, 255265. Fax: 255119
Biman Bangladesh Airlines (BG)
Tel: 371867~68. Fax: 371869
Condor (DE)
Tel: 370836~39 (ext: 303)
Dragonair (KA)
Tel: 255320, 255321. Fax: 255329
Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 09400446999, 09400447999
Fax: 8604051
Malaysia Airlines (MH)
Tel: 387648, 241007 (ext: 120, 121, 122)
Fax: 241124
Myanmar Airways International (8M)
Tel: 255260. Fax: 255305
Nok Airline (DD)
Tel: 255050, 255021. Fax: 255051
Qatar Airways (QR)
Tel: 379845, 379843, 379831. Fax: 379730
Silk Air (MI)
Tel: 255287~9. Fax: 255290
Thai Airways (TG)
Tel: 255491~6. Fax: 255223
Tiger Airline (TR)
Tel: 371383, 370836~39 (ext: 303)
Vietnam Airlines (VN)
Tel: 255066, 255088, 255068. Fax: 255086
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
7 = Sunday
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 706 Daily 6:15 8:30 TG 303 1,2,3,5,6,7 7:55 8:50
8M 335 Daily 7:40 9:25 PG 701 Daily 8:50 9:40
TG 304 1,2,3,5,6,7 9:50 11:45 8M 336 Daily 10:40 11:25
PG 702 Daily 10:30 12:25 TG 301 Daily 13:00 13:55
TG 302 Daily 14:55 16:50 PG 707 Daily 13:40 14:30
PG 708 Daily 15:20 17:15 PG 703 Daily 16:45 17:35
8M 331 Daily 16:30 18:15 TG 305 Daily 17:50 18:45
PG 704 Daily 18:20 20:15 8M 332 Daily 19:15 20:00
TG 306 Daily 19:45 21:45 PG 705 Daily 20:15 21:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
DD 4231 Daily 8:00 9:50 DD 4230 Daily 6:20 7:05
FD 252 Daily 8:30 10:15 FD 251 Daily 7:15 8:00
FD 254 Daily 17:50 19:10 FD 253 Daily 16:20 17:00
DD 4239 Daily 21:00 22:45 DD 4238 Daily 19:30 20:15
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 231 Daily 8:00 12:25 SQ 998 Daily 7:55 9:20
Y5 233 Daily 10:10 14:40 3K 581 Daily 8:50 10:45
SQ 997 Daily 10:35 15:10 MI 533 4,6 11:35 12:55
3K 582 Daily 11:20 15:50 8M 232 Daily 13:25 14:50
MI 533 4,6 13:25 20:50 MI 518 Daily 14:20 15:45
MI 517 Daily 16:40 21:15 TR 2826 Daily 17:05 18:25
TR 2827 Daily 19:05 23:40 Y5 234 Daily 15:35 17:05
3K 584 Daily 19:15 23:45 3K 583 Daily 18:00 19:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 501 1,3,5,6 7:50 11:50 AK 504 Daily 6:55 8:00
AK 505 Daily 8:30 10:15 MH 740 1,2,3,4,5,7 10:05 11:15
MH 741 Daily 12:15 16:30 8M 9505 Daily 10:05 11:15
8M 9506 Daily 12:15 16:30 8M 502 1,3,5,6 12:50 13:50
8M 9508 Daily 15:45 20:05 8M 9507 Daily 13:30 14:40
MH 743 1,2,3,4,5,7 15:45 20:05 MH 742 Daily 13:30 14:40
AK 503 2,4,6 19:30 23:45 AK 502 2,4,6 17:50 19:00
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
CA 716 3,7 23:50 0550+1 CA 715 3,7 19:30 22:50
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 711 2,4,7 8:40 13:15 CZ 3055 3,6 8:40 10:25
CZ 3056 3,6 11:25 16:15 CZ 3055 1,5 14:40 16:30
CZ 3056 1,5 17:30 22:15 8M 712 2,4,7 14:15 15:50
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
CI 7916 1,2,3,5,6 10:50 16:15 CI 7915 1,2,3,5,6 7:00 9:55
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
CA 906 Daily 12:15 15:55 MU 2011 3 8:25 11:40
MU 2012 3 12:20 18:20 CA 905 Daily 10:45 11:15
MU 2032 1,4,6,7 14:50 18:20 MU 2031 1,4,6,7 13:30 14:00
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
VN 956 1,3,5,6,7 19:10 21:30 VN 957 1,3,5,6,7 16:50 18:10
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
VN 942 2,4,7 14:25 17:15 VN 943 2,4,7 11:50 13:25
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
QR 919 1,4,6 8:35 11:10 QR 918 3,5,7 20:30 6:35+1
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 403 3 16:50 19:15 8M 404 3 20:15 21:40
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
0Z 770 7 0:35 9:10 KE 471 Daily 18:45 22:35
0Z 770 4 0:50 9:25 0Z 769 6 19:50 23:45
KE 472 Daily 23:35 8:05+1 0Z 769 3 20:05 23:40
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
KA 251 1,2,4,6 01:10 05:45 KA 250 1,3,5,7 21:45 23:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
NH 914 Daily 21:45 06:50+1 NH 913 Daily 11:00 15:40
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 601 3,5,6 7:00 8:20 8M 602 3,5,6 9:20 12:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
BG 061 1,4 19:45 21:00 BG 060 1,4 16:30 18:45
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 7702 Daily 23:35 8:05 8M 7701 Daily 18:45 22:35
8M7502 4,7 0:35 9:10 8M 7501 3,6 19:50 23:25
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 710 Daily 14:05 16:30 PG 709 Daily 12:00 13:20
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
MI 533 4,6 15:55 20:50 MI 533 4,6 11:35 15:00
Y5 233 Daily 8:05 14:40 Y5 234 Daily 15:35 18:55
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FD 245 Daily 12:45 15:00 FD 244 Daily 10:50 12:15
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
MU 2030 Daily 14:40 17:30 MU 2029 Daily 13:55 13:50
MU 7524 1,3,5 18:20 21:00
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 603 4 11:10 12:15 8M 604 4 13:15 16:20
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 722 1,2,3,4,5 19:30 22:30 PG 721 1,2,3,4,5 17:00 19:00
62 the pulse tea break THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
1 Bygone period
5 “Head” or “heart”
9 Some finger foods
14 Better this than
15 Answered “not guilty”
16 Notre Dame
17 Archer on Olympus
18 Gave money for
19 Recess for a statue
20 Space shuttle part
23 Wind up or wind
24 Sturdy furniture
25 End product
28 Leather piercer
29 Pouring vessel
31 Bit of sunlight
32 Current units
35 Punishment’s
36 Squid’s weapon
37 Atlas, encyclopedia
or dictionary
41 Bleacher feature
42 Finish in the money
43 Who-knows-how-long
44 Beverage in a yard
45 Sunroof option
46 Drill sergeant’s title
48 Big game fisherman’s
50 Antiquated
51 Blue ___ (cops’
54 Dances, in old slang
58 Part of a power saw
60 “___ and Otis”
61 Fish tank organism
62 Iraqi city
63 Make ready
64 Metal refuse
65 “Man of ___”
66 Theatrical trappings
67 Sitcom role for
1 USMA rookie
2 Hank, of baseball
3 Honored the flag
4 Trueheart of
5 Take it to a higher
6 Second half of an
exploring duo
7 Beneficiary
8 Taro corn
9 Mister fix-it,
10 Springtime
11 Forming mental
images of
12 A tray may hold it
13 Common pronoun
21 It may be covered
by insurance
22 Oreo innards
26 Tilting weapon
27 Nursery
28 Assume the role of
29 Put up a building
30 Legitimate
32 The “A” in James A.
33 Money, in slang
34 Political source of
35 Start of some juice
blend names
38 Not mandatory
39 Self indulging
40 Stirrup’s spot
46 Single-masted
47 Prenuptial
49 The longest river
in France
50 Little wise bird
51 Young mare
52 Conforming to the
53 Customary habit
55 Mischief-makers
56 Leprechauns’
57 Exhibit shock
58 Breakers’
59 It may be passed
Universal Crossword
Edited by Timothy E. Parker
Avenue 64 Hotel
No. 64 (G), Kyitewine
Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. Tel : 09-8631392,
01 656913-9
No. 277, Bogyoke Aung
San Road, Corner of
Street, Kyauktada
Township, Yangon,
Tel : (951) 391070, 391071.
(Ext) 1910, 106.
Fax : (951) 391375. Email :
General Listing
Chatrium Hotel
40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe.
tel: 544500. fax: 544400.
The Essentials
Emergency Numbers
For more information about these listings, Please Contact - classified.mcm@gmail.com
Ambulance tel: 295133.
Fire tel: 191, 252011, 252022.
Police emergency tel: 199.
Police headquarters tel: 282541, 284764.
Red Cross tel:682600, 682368
Traffic Control Branch tel:298651
Department of Post & Telecommunication tel: 591384,
Immigration tel: 286434.
Ministry of Education tel:545500m 562390
Ministry of Sports tel: 370604, 370605
Ministry of Communications tel: 067-407037.
Myanma Post & Telecommunication (MPT) tel: 067-
Myanma Post & Tele-communication (Accountant Dept)
tel: 254563, 370768.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs tel: 067-412009, 067-412344.
Ministry of Health tel: 067-411358-9.
Yangon City Development Committee tel: 248112.
Central Women’s Hospital tel: 221013, 222811.
Children Hospital tel: 221421, 222807
Ear, Nose & Throat Hospital tel: 543888.
Naypyitaw Hospital (emergency) tel: 420096.
Worker’s Hospital tel: 554444, 554455, 554811.
Yangon Children Hospital tel: 222807, 222808, 222809.
Yangon General Hospital (East) tel: 292835, 292836, 292837.
Yangon General Hospital (New) tel: 384493, 384494,
384495, 379109.
Yangon General Hospital (West) tel: 222860, 222861,
Yangon General Hospital (YGH) tel: 256112, 256123,
281443, 256131.
Power Station tel:414235
General Post Office
39, Bo Aung Kyaw St. (near British Council Library). tel:
Yangon International Airport tel: 662811.
Shipping (Coastal vessels) tel: 382722
Railways information
tel: 274027, 202175-8.
ILO Liaison 1-A, Kanbae
(Thitsar Rd), Yankin Tsp,
Tel : 01-566538, 566539
IOM 318 (A) Ahlone Rd, Dagon
Tsp, Yangon.Tel – 01-210588,
09 73236679, 0973236680,
Email- iomyangon@iom.int
UNAIDS 137/1, Thaw Wun Rd,
Kamayut Tsp.
Tel : 534498, 504832
UNDCP 11-A, Malikha St,
Mayangone tsp.
Tel: 666903, 664539.
UNDP 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan
tel: 542910-19. fax: 292739.
UNFPA 6, Natmauk Rd,
Bahan tsp. tel: 546029.
UNHCR 287, Pyay Rd,
Sanchaung tsp.
Tel: 524022, 524024.
UNIAP Rm: 1202, 12 Fl,
Traders Hotel.
Tel: 254852, 254853.
UNIC 6, Natmauk St., Bahan,
tel: 52910~19
UNICEF 14~15 Flr, Traders
Hotel. P.O. Box 1435,
Kyauktada. Tel: 375527~32,
unicef.yangon@unicef. org,
UNODC 11-A, Malikha Rd., Ward
7, Mayangone. tel: 01-9666903,
9660556, 9660538, 9660398.
email: fo.myanmar@unodc.org
UNOPS 120/0, Pyi Thu Lane,
7 Miles, Mayangone Tsp.
Tel: 951-657281~7.
Fax: 657279.
UNRC 6, Natmauk Rd, P.O.
Box 650, TMWE Tel: 542911~19,
292637 (Resident Coordinator),
WFP 5 Kan Baw Za St, Shwe
Taung Kyar, (Golden Valley),
Bahan Tsp. Tel : 2305971~6
WHO No. 2, Pyay Rd, 7 Mile,
Mayangone Tsp, Tel : 650405-
6, 650416, 654386-90.
ASEAN Coordinating Of. for
the ASEAN Humanitarian
Task Force, 79, Taw Win st,
Dagon Tsp. Tel: 225258.
FAO Myanma Agriculture
Service Insein Rd, Insein. tel:
641672, 641673.
Australia 88, Strand Road,
Yangon. Tel : 251810,
251797, 251798.
Bangladesh 11-B, Than
Lwin Road, Yangon.
Tel: 515275, 526144, email:
Brazil 56, Pyay Road,
mile, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 507225,
507251. email: Administ.
Brunei 17, Kanbawza
Avenue, Golden Velly (1),
Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
566985, 503978.
email: bruneiemb@
Cambodia 25 (3B/4B),
New University Avenue
Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 549609, 540964.
email: RECYANGON @
Floor, Centerpoint
Towers, 65 Sule Pagoda
Road, Yangon, Tel :
01-384805 , Fax :01
384806, Email : yngon@
China 1, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel:
221280, 221281.
Denmark, No.7, Pyi Thu
St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 01 – 9669520 - 17.
Egypt 81, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel:
222886, 222887,
France 102, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel:
212178, 212520, email:
ambaf rance. rangoun@
Germany 9, Bogyoke Aung
San Museum Road, Bahan
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 548951, 548952, email:
info@rangun. diplo.de
India 545-547, Merchant
St, Yangon. Tel: 391219,
Indonesia 100, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Rd, Yangon. Tel:
254465, 254469, email:
kukygn @indonesia.com.
Israel 15, Khabaung
Street, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 515115, fax: 515116,
email: info@yangon.mfa.
Italy 3, Inya Myaing Road,
Golden Valley, Yangon.
Tel: 527100, 527101, fax:
514565, email: ambyang.
mail@ esteri.it
Japan 100, Natmauk Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 549644-8,
540399, 540400, 540411,
545988, fax: 549643
62-B, Shwe Taung Kyar St,
Bahan Tsp.
Tel : 01-230-9542, 230-
9543. Fax : 01-230-5836.
Lao A-1, Diplomatic
Quarters, Tawwin Road,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 222482, Fax: 227446,
email: Laoembcab@
mptmail. net.mm
Malaysia 82, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel:
220248, 220249,
email: mwkyangon@
Nepal 16, Natmauk
Yeiktha, Yangon. Tel:
545880, 557168, fax:
549803, email: nepemb @
Norway, No.7, Pyi Thu
St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles,
Mayangone Tsp,Yangon.
Tel: 01 – 9669520 - 17 Fax –
01- 9669516
New Zealand No. 43/C,
Inya Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp,
Tel : 01-2306046-9
Fax : 01-2305805
Netherlands Diplomatic
Mission No. 43/C, Inya
Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp,
Yangon. Tel : 01-2305805
North Korea 77C, Shin
Saw Pu Rd, Sanchaung
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 512642, 510205
Pakistan A-4, diplomatic
Quarters, Pyay Rd, Yangon.
Tel: 222881 (Chancery
Philippines 50, Sayasan
Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 558149-151,Email: p.e.
Royal Embassy of Saudi
Arabai No.6/S, Inya Yeiktha
St, 10
Qtr, Mayangone
Tsp, Yangon, Tel: (951) 652-
344, 652-344, Fax: (951)
Russian 38, Sagawa Rd,
Tel: 241955, 254161,
Serbia No. 114-A, Inya
Rd, P.O.Box No. 943,
Yangon. Tel: 515282,
515283, email: serbemb @
Singapore 238, Dhamazedi
Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 559001, email:
singemb_ ygn@_sgmfa.
South Korea 97 University
Avenue, Bahan Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 527142-4,
515190, fax: 513286, email:
Sri Lanka 34 Taw Win Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 222812,
No 11, Kabaung Lane, 5 ½
mile, Pyay Rd, Hlaing Tsp,
Tel: 534754, 507089.
Thailand 94 Pyay Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
226721, 226728, 226824
Turkish Embassy
19AB, Kan Yeik Thar St,
Mayangone Tsp,Yangon.
Tel : 662992, Fax : 661365
United Kingdom 80 Strand
Rd, Yangon.
Tel: 370867, 380322,
371852, 371853, 256438,
United States of America
110, University Avenue,
Kamayut Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 536509, 535756, Fax:
Vietnam Bldg-72, Thanlwin
Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
No.7A, Wingabar Road,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : (951) 546313,
430245. 09-731-77781~4.
Fax : (01) 546313.
Confort Inn
4, Shweli Rd, Bet: Inya Rd
& U Wisara Rd, Kamaryut,
tel: 525781, 526872
No. (356/366), Kyaikkasan
Rd, Tamwe Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Ph: 542826, Fax: 545650
Email: reservation@
M-22, Shwe Htee Housing,
Thamine Station St., Near
the Bayint Naung Point,
Mayangone Tsp., Yangon
Tel : 522763, 522744,
667557. Fax : (95-1) 652174
E-mail : grandpalace@
Clover Hotel City Center
No. 217, 32nd Street
(Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 377720, Fax : 377722
Clover Hotel City Center Plus
No. 229, 32nd Street
(Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 377975, Fax : 377974
Marina Residence
8, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Mayangone Tsp.
tel: 6506 51~4. fax: 650630.
Tel: 09-7349-4483,
E-mail: aahappyhomes@
gmail.com, http://www.
happy homes
17, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin Tsp.
Tel: 650933. Fax: 650960.
Email : micprm@
myanmar micasahotel.com
SAIL Marketing &
Suite 403, Danathiha Center
790, Corner of Bogyoke Rd
& Wadan Rd, Lanmadaw
Township, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: (951) 211870, 224820,
2301195. Email: admin@
Golden Hill Towers
24-26, Kabar Aye Pagoda
Rd, Bahan Tsp.
tel: 558556. ghtower@
Reservation Office (Yangon)
123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd,
Dagon Township
Tel : 951- 255 819~838
Royal Kumudra Hotel,
(Nay Pyi Taw)
Tel : 067- 414 177,
067- 4141 88
E-Mail: reservation@
No. 12, Pho Sein Road,
Tamwe Township, Yangon
Tel : (95-1) 209299, 209300,
209343 Fax : (95-1) 209344
No. 205, Corner of Wadan
Street & Min Ye Kyaw
Swa Road, Lanmadaw
Tsp, Yangon. Myanmar.
Tel: (95-1) 212850 ~ 3,
229358 ~ 61,
Fax: (95-1) 212854.
.com http://www.
33, Alan Pya Pagoda Rd,
Dagon tsp.
tel: 250388. fax: 252478.
email: enquiry.prygn@
Savoy Hotel
129, Damazedi Rd,
Kamayut tsp.
tel: 526289, 526298,
Sedona Hotel
Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin. tel: 666900.
Strand Hotel
92 Strand Rd. tel: 243377.
fax: 289880.
Summit Parkview Hotel
350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon
Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966.
Sule Shangri-La Hotel
223 Sule Pagoda Rd. tel:
242828. fax: 242838.
Royal White Elephant Hotel
No-11, Kan Street, Hlaing
Tsp. Yangon, Myanmar.
(+95-1) 500822, 503986.
Hotel Yangon
91/93, 8
Mile Junction,
Tel : 01-667708, 667688.
Inya Lake Resort Hotel
37 Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd.
tel: 662866. fax: 665537.
KH Hotel, Yangon
28-A, 7 Miles, Pyay Rd,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 95-1-652532, 652533
MGM Hotel No (160), Warden
Street, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon,
Myanmar. +95-1-212454~9.
www. hotel-mgm.com
No.6, Botahtaung Jetty,
Botahtaung Township,
Yangon. Tel: (951)9010555,
9010535 Fax : (951) 9010536
Sakura Residence
9, Inya Rd, Kamaryut Tsp.
tel: 525001. fax: 525002.
Hotel Grand United
621, Maharbandoola Rd,
Latha Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (95-1) 372256-58
66-70, 21
Street (Enter
from Strand Rd), Latha
Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (95-1)
(Ahlone Branch)
35, Min Ye Kyaw Swar
Rd, Ahlone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (95-1) 218061-64;
Email: grandunited.
head@gmail.com, www.
No.1, Wut Kyaung St,
Yay Kyaw, Pazundaung Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Ph: 01-8610640, 01-202187,
Floral Service & Gift Shop
No. 449, New University
Avenue, Bahan Tsp. YGN.
Tel: 541217, 559011,
Market Place By City Mart
Tel: 523840~43,
523845~46, Ext: 205.
Junction Nay Pyi Taw
Tel: 067-421617~18
422012~15, Ext: 235.
Res: 067-414813, 09-492-
09039. Email : eternal@
Balance Fitnesss
No 64 (G), Kyitewine
Pagoda Road, Mayangone
Township. Yangon
01-656916, 09 8631392
Email - info@
Life Fitness
Bldg A1, Rm No. 001,
Shwekabar Housing,
Mindhamma Rd,
Mayangone Tsp. Yangon.
Ph: 01-656511,
Fax: 01-656522,
Hot line: 0973194684,
No. 20, Ground Floor, Pearl
Street, Golden Valley Ward,
Bahan Township, Yangon.
Tel : 09-509 7057, 01-
220881, 549478 (Ext : 103)
Email : realfitnessmyanmar
Floral Service & Gift
Centre 102(A), Dhamazaydi
Rd, Yangon.tel: 500142
Summit Parkview Hotel,
tel: 211888, 211966 ext. 173
fax: 535376.email: sandy@
Foam Spray Insulation
No-410, Ground Fl,Lower
Pazuntaung Rd, Pazun
taung Tsp, Yangon.Telefax
: 01-203743, 09-5007681.
Hot Line-09-730-30825.
illy, Francis Francis, VBM,
Brasilia, Rossi, De Longhi
Nwe Ta Pin Trading Co., Ltd.
Shop C, Building 459 B
New University Avenue
01- 555-879, 09-4210-81705
No. 56, Bo Ywe St,
Latha Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-246551, 375283,
09-2132778, 09-31119195.
Car Rental Service
Shwe Hinthar B 307, 6 1/2
Miles, Pyay Rd., Yangon.
Tel: +95 (0)1 654 730
Myanmar Research | Consulting | Technology
Zamil Steel
No-5, Pyay Road,
7½ miles,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (95-1) 652502~04.
Fax: (95-1) 650306.
Email: zamilsteel@
9/13, 50th street-lower,
Botataung Tsp. Tel-397160.
The First Air conditioning
systems designed to keep
you fresh all day
Zeya & Associates Co., Ltd.
No.437 (A), Pyay Road,
Kamayut. P., O 11041
Yangon, Tel: +(95-1)
Mandalay- Tel: 02-60933.
Nay Pyi Taw- Tel:
067-420778, E-mail :
com. URL: http://www.
Sein Shwe Tailor, 797
(003-A), Bogyoke Aung
San Rd, MAC Tower 2,
Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon,
Ph: 01-225310, 212943~4
Ext: 146, 147, E-mail:
No. (6), Lane 2
Botahtaung Pagoda St,
01-9010003, 291897.
Learn to dance with
social dancing
94, Bogalay Zay St,
Botataung T/S,
Tel : 01-392526,
Diamond Palace Jewelry
Shop (1) - No. 663/665,
Mahar Bandoola Rd,
Tel : 01-371 944, 371 454,
Shop (2) - No.1103/1104/
1105, Ground Fl, Taw Win
Center, Tel : 01-8600111
ext :1103, 09 49307265
Shop (3) - No.B 020,
Ground Fl, Junction
Square Shopping Center,
Tel : 01-527 242 ext : 1081,
09 73203464
Shop (4) – Ground Fl,
Gamonepwint Shopping
Mall, Kabaraye Pagoda
Rd, Tel : 01-653 653 ext :
8205, 09 421763490
Shop (5) - 229/230, 1st Fl,
Ocean Shwe Ghone Daing
Super Center, Yangon. Tel
: 09-312 91904, 09-732-
Best Jewels
No. 44, Inya Road,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-2305811, 2305812.
Ruby & Rare Gems
of Myanamar
No. 527, New University
Ave., Bahan Tsp. Yangon.
Tel: 549612, Fax : 545770.
The Natural Gems of
Myanmar & Fine Jewellery.
No. 30(A), Pyay Road,
(7 mile), Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-660397, 654398
Your Most Reliable Jeweller
Yangon : A-3, Aung San
Stadium (North East Wing),
Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp.
Tel : 245543, 09-73903736,
Mandalay : No.(4) 73rd St,
Btw 30th & 31st St, Chan
Aye Thar Zan Tsp. Tel : 09-
6803505, 09-449004631.
Naypyitaw : Level (2),
Capital Hyper Mart,
Yazathingaha Street,
Outarathiri Tsp. Tel : 09-
33503202, 09-73050337
World’s leader in
Kitchen Hoods & Hobs
Same as Ariston Water
Heater. Tel: 251033,
379671, 256622, 647813
Myanmar Telephone
Directory & Yellow Pages
15/C, Inya Myaing Road,
Bahan, Ph: 525380, 525384
Yangon Directory
599, Room 7,
Mahabandoola Street,
Thein Gyi Bazar E Complex,
Latha, Ph: 245358,
The Best Conference,
Exhibition & Workshop at
Reasonable Cost in Yangon
25-27 Sept
Nandawun Compound,
No. 55, Baho Road,
Corner of Baho Road
and Ahlone Road, (near
Eugenia Restaurant),
Ahlone Township. tel:
212 409, 221 271. 214708
fax: 524580. email: info@
• 150 Dhamazedi Rd.,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 536306, 537805.
Email : yangon@
• 15(B), Departure Lounge,
Yangon Int’l Airport.
• #87/2, Crn of 26
& 27

St, 77
St,Chan Aye Thar
Zan Tsp, Mandalay.
Tel : (02) 24880.
Marina Residence, Yangon
Ph: 650651~4, Ext: 109
Beauty Plan, Corner of
77th St & 31st St, Mandalay
Ph: 02 72506
Lemon Day Spa
No. 96 F, Inya Road,
Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 514848, 09-732-08476.
E.mail: lemondayspa.2011
No. 52, Royal Yaw Min Gyi
Condo, Room F, Yaw Min
Gyi Rd, Dagon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: 09-425-307-717
La Source Beauty Spa
80-A, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp.
Tel: 512380, 511252
Beauty Bar by La Source
Room (1004), Sedona Hotel,
Tel : 666 900 Ext : 7167
La Source Beauty Spa
13/13, Mya Sandar St,
bet: 26_27, bet: 62_63,
Chanaye Tharzan Tsp.
Tel : 09-4440-24496.
Beauty Spa & Reflexology
42 (A), Amaka (10)
Kyaung St, Pyay Rd,
Hlaing Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 01-507070, 01-507141,
09-51 09435, 09-51 43568
24 Hrs International Clinic
Medical and Security
Assistance Service
@ Victoria Hospital
No.68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile,
Mayangon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: +951 651 238
+959 495 85 955
Fax: +959 651 398
24 Hours Laboratory
& X-ray, CT, MRI, USG
Mammogram, Bone DXA
@ Victoria Hospital
No. 68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile,
Mayangon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: (951) 9 666141
Fax: (951) 9 666135
Physiotherapy Clinic.
Body Massage - 7000 Ks
Foot Massage - 6000 Ks
Body & Foot Massage -
12,000 Ks
No.285, Bo Aung Kyaw Rd,
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon.
09:00 AM - 09:00 PM
Tel : 09-8615036
No.(68), Tawwin Street,
9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp,
Hunt line: +95 1 9666 141,
Booking Ext : 7080, 7084.
Fax: +95 1 9666 135
info@witoriya hospital.com
Facebook :
Pearl Dental
29, Shwe Taung Tan St,
Lanmadaw Tsp.
Ph : 01-226274,
9:30 AM TO 9:00 PM
7, East Shwe Gone Dine Rd,
Bahan, Ph: 544128.
Myittar Oo Eye Hospital
499, Pyay Rd, Kamayut Tsp.
Ph: 09-527381.
Condo (C), Room (001),
Tatkatho Yeikmon Housing,
New University Avenue Rd,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 09 8615162,
09 8615163, 542 375,
546 663, (Ext 1155)
No. 589-592, Bo Aung
Kyaw St, Yangon-Pathein
highway Road. Hlaing
Tharyar tsp. Tel: 951-
645178-182, 685199, Fax:
951-645211, 545278.
e-mail: mkt-mti@
Ground Floor,
Shwe Bon Thar St(Middle),
Pabedan Tsp, Yangon,
Tel: 253214, 0973098782,
Express Delivery &
Logistic Service
YGN Tel : 01-2301865
MDY Tel : 09-4200-66638
NPT Tel : 09-4920-5684
Express Courier & Cargo
One Stop Logistic Solution
Ygn, Hot Line: 01-374457
Duty Free Shops
Yangon International
Airport, Arrival/Departure
Mandalay International
Airport, Departure
Office: 17, 2
Hlaing Yadanarmon Housing,
Hlaing Township, Yangon.
Tel: 500143, 500144, 500145.
98(A), Kaba Aye Pagoda
Road, Bahan Township,
Yangon. Tel: 542979,
553783, 09-732-16940.
Fax: 542979
Email: asiapacific.
• First Class VIP
Limousine Car Rental.
• Professional English
Speaking Drivers.
• Full Insurance for
your Safety and
comfortable journey
• Call us Now for your
best choice
09 - 402 510 003
01-646 330
Vehicle Operating Leases:

Semi trailers

Vans and Minibuses


Strategic PR, Media
Monitoring, Media
Networking, Media
briefing for Executives
#17, ShweThaPyay
Housing 2, Nawaratt St,
10 Quarter, Thaketa Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: +959 421027567, +959
5070524, pandpmedia.
Executive Serviced Offices
Tel : 01-4413410
Capital Hyper Mart
14(E), Min Nandar Road,
Dawbon Tsp. Ph: 553136.
City Mart (Aung San) tel:
253022, 294765.
City Mart (47
St Branch)
tel: 200026, 298746.
City Mart (Junction 8)
tel: 650778.
City Mart (FMI City Branch)
tel: 682323.
City Mart (Yankin Center
Branch) tel: 400284.
City Mart (Myaynigone)
tel: 510697.
City Mart (Zawana Branch)
City Mart (Shwe Mya Yar)
tel: 294063.
City Mart (Chinatown Point)
tel: 215560~63.
City Mart (Junction Maw Tin)
tel: 218159.
City Mart (Marketplace)
tel: 523840~43.
City Mart
tel: 02-71467~9.
No.332, Pyay Rd, San
Chaung. Tel: 535-783, 527705,
501429. Email: sales-ikon@
Junction Maw Tin
Anawrahta Rd, Lanmadaw,
Ph: 01-225244.
Junction Square
Pyay Rd, Kamayut,
Ph: 01-527242.
Junction Zawana
Lay Daung Kan St,
Thingangyun, Ph: 573929.
Ocean (North Point)
Pyay Rd, 9 mile,
Ph: 01-652959.
Ocean (East Point)
Mahabandoola Rd,
Ph: 01-397146.
Design, Fabrication,
Supply & Erection of Steel
Tel : (+95-1) 122 1673
Email : Sales@WEC-
Mon - Sat (9am to 6pm)
No. 797, MAC Tower II,
Rm -4, Ground Flr,
Bogyoke Aung San Rd,
Lamadaw Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (951) 212944 Ext: 303,
Tel : 01-9000712~13 Ext : 330
Home Outdoor Office
99 Condo, Ground Floor,
Room (A), Damazedi Rd,
Kamayut Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 09-2504-28700
Bldg-A2, G-Flr, Shwe
Gabar Housing, Mindama
Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. email: eko-nr@
Ph: 652391, 09-73108896
Bld-A2, Gr-Fl, Shwe
Gabar Housing, Mindama
Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. email: eko-nr@
Ph: 652391, 09-73108896
Room No. 1101, 16
Tower B, Maw Tin Tower,
Corner of Anawrahta Rd
& Lanthit St, Lanmadaw
Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : (95-1) 218489. 218490
Fax : (95-1) 218492
Email : marketing @
kaytumadi.com, contact@
web : www.rockworth.com
Top Marine Show Room
No-385, Ground Floor,
Lower Pazundaung Road,
Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 01-202782, 09-851-5597
150 Brand NEW
International Standard
Rental Apartments
Hotline : 09 43 200 845
09 250 516 616
email : rental.starcity@
Pun Hlaing Golf Estate
Gated Golf Community
Available Immediately
PHGE Sales & Marketing,
Hlaing Tharyar Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 951-687 800, 684 013
Master Burmese Faster!
Professional Burmese
Language Course for All
436, Top flr, Thein Phyu Rd,
Mingalar Taung Nyut Tsp,
Tel : 09-4316 8422
Email: register.mmlc@
22, Pyay Rd, 9 mile,
Mayangone Tsp.
tel: 660769, 664363.
Franzo Living Mall
15(A/5), Pyay Rd, A1(9miles),
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-664026, 01-656970,
Premium Chef Uniform
Building B-1, Room 001,
Myittar Street, TamweLay,
TamweTsp, Yangon.
Tel: 01-556703, 09-
5408885, 09-5067816
Legendary Myanmar Int’l
Shipping & Logistics Co.,
No-9, Rm (A-4), 3
Kyaung St, Myaynigone,
Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 516827, 523653,
Mobile. 09-512-3049.
Email: legandarymyr@
mptmail.net .mm
Japan Sushi Izagaya
81 (A), Latha St,
Latha Tsp, Yangon.
Ph : 01-371508, 09-51 0 9435,
09-51 43568, 09-312 93852
Enchanting and Romantic,
a Bliss on the Lake
62 D, U Tun Nyein Road,
Mayangon Tsp, Yangon
Tel. 01 665 516, 660976
Mob. 09-730-30755
22, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd,
Bahan Tsp. tel 541997.
email: leplanteur@
G-01, City Mart
(Myay Ni Gone Center).
Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 106
G-05, Marketplace by
City Mart.
Tel: 01-523840 Ext: 105
Pizza Mazzi
Ocean Center (North
Point), Ground Floor,
Tel: 09-731-83900 01-
Monsoon Restaurant
& Bar 85/87, Thein Byu
Road, Botahtaung Tsp.
Tel: 295224, 09-501 5653.
Delicious Hong Kong Style
Food Restaurant
G-09, City Mart (Myay Ni
Gone Center).
Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 114
42 Strand Road,
Botahtaung, Yangon.
Tel: 95 9420 180 214, 95
9420 101 854
Horizon Int’l School
25, Po Sein Road, Bahan
Tsp, tel : 541085, 551795,
551796, 450396~7.
fax : 543926, email :
com, www.horizon.com
English Education Centre
Nursery - Primary
(15 months - 12 years)
55 (B), Po Sein Road,
Bahan Township.
Tel : (951) 546097, 546761.
Email: imm.myn@gmail.com
I nternational
M ontessori
M yanmar
Get your Visa online for
Business and Tourist
No need to come to
#165. 35th Street,
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: +951 381200, 204020
Tel: 01-218437~38.
09-5161431, 09-43126571.
39-B, Thazin Lane, Ahlone.
Water Treatement Solution
Block (A), Room (G-12),
Pearl Condo, Kabar Aye
Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp.
Hot Line : 09-4500-59000
Company Limited
Web Services
All the way from Australia –
world-class websites/
web apps for desktop,
smartphone & tablets,
online shopping with
real-time transaction,
news/magazine site,
forum, email campaign
and all essential online
services. Domain
registration & cloud
hosting. Talk to us: (01)
430-897, (0) 942-000-4554.
The Global leader in
Water Heaters
A/1, Aung San Stadium
East Wing, Upper
Pansodan Road.
Tel: 01-256705, 399464,
394409, 647812.
Shan Yoma Tours Co.,Ltd
Ph: 01-9010378, 9010382,
Asian Trails Tour Ltd
73 Pyay Rd, Dagon tsp.
tel: 211212, 223262.
fax: 211670. email: res@
Water Heater
Made in Japan
Same as Rinnai Gas Cooker
and Cooker Hood
Showroom Address
No. 74, Lann Thit Road,
Nant Thar Kone Ward,
Insein Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 09-
4026-68668, 09-4026-68600
Email : sanymyanmar@
#77/2b, DhammaZedi Rd,
Corner of U Wisara Rd,
SanchaungTsp, Yangon.
Tel: +95 931 323 291
Myittar Yeik Mon Housing,
Tamwe, Ph: 09-8623381.
Mahabandoola St, Top of
St, Latha
Ph: 01-397146.
Orange Super Market
103, Thu Damar Rd,
Industrial Zone, North
Okkalar, Ph: 9690246
Executive Serviced
Office, Registered
and Virtual Office, Hot
Desking, Meeting Rooms
Tel: +(95) 1 387947
Ground Floor,
Shwe Bon Thar St(Middle),
Pabedan Tsp, Yangon,
Tel: 253214, 09420049459,
Schenker (Thai) Ltd.
Yangon 59 A, U Lun
Maung Street. 7 Mile
Pyay Road, MYGN. tel:
667686, 666646.fax:
651250. email: sche
No. 5, U Tun Nyein
Street, Mayangone T/S,
Tel : 01-660 612, 657928,
01-122 1014, 09 508 9441
Email : lalchimiste.
a drink from paradise...
available on Earth
@Yangon International
Hotel, No.330, Ahlone Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 09-421040512
Quality Chinese Dishes
with Resonable Price
@Marketplace by City Mart.
Tel: 01-523840 Ext.109
Good taste & resonable
@Thamada Hotel
Tel: 01-243047, 243639-41
Ext: 32
Bo Sun Pat Tower, Bldg
608, Rm 6(B), Cor of
Merchant Rd & Bo Sun
Pat St, PBDN Tsp. Tel:
377263, 250582, 250032,
09-511-7876, 09-862-4563.
Bath Room Accessories,
79-B3/B3, East Shwe Gone
Dine, Near SSC Women’s
Center, Bahan.
Tel : 01-401083, 09-
73011100, 09-73056736
Yangon Int’l School
Fully Accredited K-12
International Curriculum
with ESL support
Housing, Thingangyun,
Tel: 578171, 573149,
687701, 687702.
Heaven Pizza
38/40, Bo Yar Nyunt St.
Yaw Min Gyi Quarter,
Dagon Township.
Tel: 09-855-1383
World famous Kobe Beef
Near Thuka Kabar
Hospital on Pyay Rd,
Marlar st, Hlaing Tsp.
Tel: +95-1-535072
Horizon Restaurant & Bar
KH Hotel Roof top
No. (28-A), 7 Miles,
Pyay Road, Mayangone
Township, Yangon.
Ph: 95-1-652532, 652533
Fire, Motor and Life
44, TheinPhyu Road,
Tel : 01- 8610656
Mob : 09-5055216
Email: maythet@gw-
Moby Dick Tours Co., Ltd.
Islands Safari in the Mergui
No.89-91, Rm No.2, Gr Fr,
St (between Maha
Bandoola Rd and Merchant
Rd), Pabedan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel / Fax: 01-380382
E-mail: info@islandsafari
mergui.com. Website: www.
For House-Seekers
with Expert Services
In all kinds of Estate Fields
09-332 87270 (Fees Free)
09-2541 26615 (Thai Language)
No-410, Ground Floor,
Lower Pazundaung Road,
Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 09-851-5202
Sole Distributor
For the Union of
Myanmar Since 1995
Myanmar Golden Rock
International Co.,Ltd.
#06-01, Bldg (8), Myanmar
ICT Park, University Hlaing
Campus, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 654810~17.
World’s No.1 Paints &
Coatings Company
Crown Worldwide
Movers Ltd 790, Rm 702,
Flr Danathiha Centre,
Bogyoke Aung San Rd,
Lanmadaw. Tel: 223288,
210 670, 227650. ext: 702.
Fax: 229212. email: crown
Re a l Es t a t e Age nt
No Fees for Cl i ent s,
Contact Us : 09 2050107,
Relocation Specialist
Rm 504, M.M.G Tower,
#44/56, Kannar Rd,
Botahtaung Tsp.
Tel: 250290, 252313.
Mail : info@asiantigers-
Matrix System
No.77, Lanthit Street,
Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 01-221944, 225374.
Office Culture Co., Ltd
Taw Win Center, 3
Rm 4031/4033, Pyay Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 09-2540 14097
Email: bd1@bristol.com.mm
Property General
BY FAX : 01-254158
BY EMAIL : classified.mcm@gmail.com
BY MAIL : 379/383, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Kyauktada Township, Yangon.
CALL: Khin Mon Mon Yi - 01-392676, 392928
49th Street, 1500 Sqft,
25' x 60' 49th Street,
middle block, 6th Floor
Puzundaung, Yangon,
1 MBR with Bath Tub,
western toilet, 1BR,
Huge Living room, Teak
Wood Parquet foor, Hot
& Cold shower, Bath tub,
4 Air con, Laundry room,
Tilling foor Kitchen, Fully
fnished, Very comfort
walk up stair, Nice
and Clean excellence
location in Yangon. Call
us - 09-507-6675, 09-
2500-13963, 09-503-
Housing for Rent
hotel, nice view, 2500
Sqft, 2MBR, 1SR, Fully
furnish, USD 4500. (2)
Near Kabaraye Pagoda,
good location, near
shopping Mall, 2500
Sqft, 1MBR, 2SR, 24
hour Security, good
internet line, fully furnish,
USD 4500. (3)Near China
Embassy, 2600 Sqft,
2MBR, 1SR, swimming
pool, restaurant, 24 hour
security, USD 5700. (4)
Near Aung San Stadium,
1250 Sqft, new apartment,
1MBR, 2SR, fully furnish,
USD 1900.(5)China town,
river view side, 3000
Sqft, can use offce or
residence,1MBR, 2SR,
USD 4500. Ph: 09- 4921
4276.( no broker).
3100 sqm available over
5 foors in a 12-storey
building with car park,
restaurant, multi function
hall and apartments.
Please contact -
Ph : 09-431-34381.
Email : offce-mm@
uni t eammari ne. com,
web : www .facebook.
DAGON Condominium:
Near Parkroyal Hotel,
1 master Bed Room, 1
Single Room, Parquet
Floor, 3AC, Line Phone,
Fully Furnished, 1250
Sqft, USD 1200 per
month, Ph: 09-312-
87827, 09-2500-26350.
MANDALAY, on road,
length 160'x width 33'.
Included building, water,
Electricity, ready to use.
Suitable for offce, school,
Bank etc $ 10000 per
month, Contact: 09-517-
MYANIGONE Sanchaung,
Min St, First Flr, all
furniture, One Bed
Rm, One Kitchen, One
Bathroom (The balcony),
1 RC, 1 (month) 600 US,
Ph: Shan Shan - 09-731-
92603, Moe Hein - 09-
HOME (or) offce for
Rent (Fair price): New
building, 5 Bed Rm, full
air con, Generator, Car
Garage, Large Parking
Area, Garden, Very Good
surrounding, Golf range,
National Swimming pool,
Horse race course are in
Surrounding (Shwe Pin
Lon Residential Area).
(20 minutes to Downtown/
Airport), Ph: 09-512-
5342, 09-528-0578, 09-
BAHAN, Po Sein Rd, near
Holiday Hotel, 2 Stories
building, 3 private rooms
with toilet, parquet foor,
sufficient carparking,
US$ 2500 per month.
Ph: 09-312-87825, 09-
HLAING, Shwe Hinn Thar
Condo, 6 1/2 mile, Pyay
Rd, 2600Sqft, 2 MBR, 2
SR, Furniture, Swimming
pool, Gym, Internet
(Fiber), Satellite, Ph line,
fully air-conditioners,
Water heater, USD 5500
per month (Nego:), Ph:09-
Lease, Pearl Centre,
Bahan, Kabar Aye
Pagoda Rd. 500-10,000
sqft available at affordable
rates. Contact: 09 430 30
288 slee888@gmail.com
BAHAN, University
Avenue Condo,
1350Sqft, 1MBR, 2SR,
Furnished, Skynet
satellite, air-conditioners,
Water heaters, USD
1800 per month (2)
Mayangone, Kabaaye
Pagoda Rd, Near Inya
lake Hotel, 0.2Acre, 2
storey building, Garden,
3MBR, 2BR, Water
heaters, Air-conditioners,
Semi-furnished, USD
2200 per month (4)
Yankin, 0.2Acre, 2 storey
building, Big garden,
1MBR, Air-conditioners,
Ph line, Generator line,
Furnished, TV, Skynet,
Internet, Water heater,
USD 2500 per month
(Nego:), Ph:09-3106-
Housing for Sale
(1).SCOTT VIEW Condo
GF (Instrument) Wide
14.5 x 47, High 18 Ft,
Attics - 8000 Lakhs (2).
Downtown, 30th St, GF,
Wide 12.5 x 55, Attics
- 3800 Lakhs. Ph: 01
378045, 09-4306-5349,
(water + electricity
included), 60'x80', on
Bogyoke Aung San
Rd, near Mawlamyine
University. Price:
negotiable. Ph: 09-515-
Quarter in Taunggyi 2
stories RC Building with
car garage 2 stories on
land area 0.08 Acre, near
school, on main road. Ph:
Want to Rent
REQUIRED small condo
or apartment in new
building with 1 bedroom,
1 living room, kitchen with
or without furniture for
foreigner. Shared house
also welcome. Ready to
pay upto US$ 1500/- per
month. No agent fees will
be paid. Please contact
SEEKING business
partners for a business
project from USA. Low risk,
low cost. Specialisation
in tested and proven
neutraceutical products.
By appointments only.
Call 01385977 or 09-
IMC Bangkok (Since
1991). Our Monstessori
curriculum includes:
Practical life exercises,
Sensorial training,
language development,
Mathematics, Cultural
studies, Botany &
Zoology, History,
Creative Art, Music and
Movement, Cooking,
Physical Development,
Social & Emotional
Development. Learning
through play, 55(B), Po
Sein Rd, Bahan, Yangon.
Ph: 546097, 546761,
Email: imm.myn@gmail.
ACADAMY Teaching &
Study Guide for (Int’l
School Students-primary
1 to 6, teach in Eng to
Eng also). Government
School Students (Grade
4 to 11, teach Eng and
Maths only). Ph:09-2510-
GRADE 10 & 11 English,
Math, Physics, Chemistry
Teaching and Guide. Ph:
TEACHING and guide, Kg
to Primary6, Int'l school.
Tr. Hnin : 09-4200-87050.
PHYSICS Home Tution,
Sayar U Myint Thein:
Yangon University, Grade
09-730-52859. Email:
Expert Services
Software, Effective for all
goldshops & goldsmiths
@ Effcient Soft. Ph: 09-
505-3762, 09-517-1061,
I DO translate
English ~Myanmar &
Myanmar~English and
also teach Myanmar
language (4 skills) for
foreigners. If you want
to contact, call me,
Katherine Ph:09-516-
guide in English, French
is available for immediate
appoint ment, please ring
Writing Service, Wanting
to have a business profle
which does not merely
give information about
your business yet it goes
an extra mile to seal new
business opportunities in
a professional manner?
Golden Miracle Co.,
Ltd: 09-512-0462 for
professional profile
writing service.
Experienced business
profle writers across
different industries.
A business profle is
more than a bunch of
information, rather, it
is something which
gives you a head start
to limitless stream of
ZCL(Y.U.F.L) Translation
Service, Translate from
English to Myanmar,
Myanmar to English.
Ph:09-250-666325 email
: atar1990@gmail.com
For Sale
TOYOTA Fielder, E E/....
Model 2002, 1500cc, 115
Lakhs. Ph: 09-516-5340,
MK HOTEL, Myakyauk
Yangon City Hotel. No.1,
Wut Kyaung St, Yay
Kyaw, Pazun Taung Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar. Ph:
01-297274, 01-202187,
MANDARIN (Standard
Spoken Chinese
Language). English
Speaking & Grammar
(Expert in English).
Horizon, Total, ILBC,
private School) from KG
to Secondary School.
Mr. Pit Kyin, Who guides
the Studies of a number
of students. Ph: 09-730-
11809, 09-2540-11654.
WE can teach Korea
language Basic & 4 skills
for all. Ph: 09-2505-
65793, 09-721-35423,
WE DO teach Myanmar
language 4 skills for
Foreigners by Teacher
TUN. Available home &
group class. Basic Class
- 3 months, Intermediate
Class- 3 months,
Advanced Class- 3
months. English for
adults and young
learners. We do teach
4 skills face or group
class. Available home
tuition or group class.
CHINESE language for
all grades and classes.
Taiwan Teacher Mr. Lin;
William Lin ( BM, IDCS
(UK), TW Civil (Taiwan),
USB Accounting, Yunan
Uni Dip (China)) teach
4 skills to be a native
speaker. Intend to go
abroad study or work
students. Can contact us.
Basic Class - 3 months,
Intermediate Class- 4
months, Advanced
Class- 6 months,
Super Advanced Class-
6 months. We do
service of interpreting
Chinese- Myanmar
service. Japanese for
all students who want
to go to Japan for work
or study. We do teach 4
skills and practice very
well. Mr. William Lin :
Ph: 09-4211-47821.
Int'l provides English
Language Training
for workplaces &
Project Management
Training Programmes
in every month by
collaborating with
Project Manage ment
Institute from America &
Comprehensive English
Center from Malaysia.
We are offering,
English business
writing skills course
business writing
skills course. How to
make an impact with
your presentation.
How to communicate
better in English at
the work places.
English proficiency
from elementary to
pre intermediate
l evel s course
English profciency inter
mediate levels course
English proficiency
advance levels course
Project Management
Awareness Training
Project Management
Fundamental Training
If you are interested
in it, please feel free
to contact :09-731-
18749, 09-732-40764
or kaungsanthu1994@
HOME Tutuion in English,
Myanmar language.
Can be arranged at
learner's suitable time
and residences. Ph:
Myanmar Language ?
group class and one
by one.you will got the
surprise within one
month can talk fuently.
Please contact Ms.May:
Sat & Sun: 8:00am -
10:00pm. Contact: 09-
with Drupal CMS. Sat &
Sun: 1:00pm-3:00pm.
Contact: 09-4211-
maker, Corel Draw,
Graphic Design (Page
maker, Corel Draw (or)
Illustrator, Photo shop),
Web Design, AutoCad
(2D/3D), AutoCad
(CIVIL Only), AutoCad
(Mechanical Only),
3dsMax, Micro station,
Excel special, Ms
Access, LCCI I,II (Mon,
Tue 7-9 am, Fri, Sat 6-8
UBS, Peachtree, Auto
Count, Japanese
language (N-5,N-
4,N-3) ICTC Computer
Technology Center. Ph:
09-2540-86001, 09-
for females by Indian
instructor. Interested
persons pls contact
at shilpi_19sep@
rediffmail.com or shilpi.
GO GO UP Travel &
Tours Limited : Hot price
to Thailand Bangkok -
Pattaya, USD 460 (Hot
Price) 4 days 3 nights.
Bangkok - Pattaya -
Ayuttaya, USD 560
(Hot Price) 5 days 4
nights. Honeymoon
Package @ Paradise
Island USD 550 (Hot
Price) 4 days 3 nights.
Tel : (01) 523602, 09-
732-07333, 09-4480-
Rental, Various types
of car rent for daily or
monthly use. Alphard,
Surf, Prado, Super
Custom, Grand Carvin.
Ph: 09-4500-20233,
09-540-1236 Email
: mt.carbusiness@
Public Notics
MiTA Myanmar
Investment, Trade &
Technology Conference,
Workshop and Exhibition
will be held during 25-27
Sept 2014 UMFCCI,
Yangon. The Best
Conference, Exhibition &
Workshop @ Reasonable
Fees in Myanmar! for
more info, please visit:
stmentTrade Technology
Conference.com, Ph:
09420110451, 09-4201-
10666, Email: maizar@
We provide the following
Training, CISCO, CCNA,
www. f acebook. com/
imcscompany, 09-4500-
UN Positions
World Food Programme,
is seeking (1)IT Assistant
GS-5, Maungdaw.
For more information,
please visit to http://
www. t hemi mu. i nf o/
j obs - f or - my anmar -
nationals. Please Email
the applications with UN
P-11 to wfpmyanmar.
v a c a n c y @wf p . o r g
vacancy@wfp.org> COB
5. September 2014.
World Food Programme,
is seeking (1) Senior
Programme Assistant
GS-6, Magwe. For more
information, please visit
to http://www.themimu.
nationals. Please Email
the applications with UN
P-11 to wfpmyanmar.
v a c a n c y @wf p . o r g
vacancy @wfp.org> COB
26 August 2014.
Ingo Position
(1)Clerk(1) - 1 Post (2)
Eco-Sec Field Offcer
(Bahmaw) - 1 Post
(3)Field Assistant
(Maikai) - 1 Post (4)Field
Supervisor (Lai Kha) - 1
Post (5)Field Supervisor
(DeMawSo) - 1 Post (6)M
& E Offcer (Taunggyi) - 1
Post (7)Physiotherapist
Assistant (Hpa-An)
- 2 Posts. Application
process: Please send
application letter, CV
and related documents
to Myanmar Red Cross
Society (Head Offce)
Yazatingaha Rd,
Dekkhinathiri, Nay Pyi Taw.
gmail.com For more
information & application,
please visit to www.
my a n ma r r e d c r o s s
society.org Please
mention “Position Title”
in subject if you apply.
Society is seeking(1)
Branch Development
Offcer 1 post in Nay
Pyi Taw: Bachelor's
degree. 2 years relevant
experience. Effective
English language skill
& Computer knowledge.
(2)Programme Support
Offcer 1 post in Nay Pyi
Taw: Relevant educational
background (accounting,
fnance, administration
or equivalent). 2 years
experience in similar
position. Effective
computer knowledge . (3)
Program Coordinator
1 post in Nay Pyi Taw/
Yangon: University
Degree, Diploma related
to the position. 3 years of
experience in community
based programs
(Community Based
Disaster Risk Reduction
or School Based
Disaster Risk Reduction
or Disaster Recorvery).
Effective computer
knowledge. Red Cross
Volunteers are preferable.
Please send application
letter, CV & related
documents to Myanmar
Red Cross Society Head
Offce, Yazathingaha Rd,
Dekkhinathiri, Nay Pyi Taw.
Or mrcshrecruitment@
gmail.com, Closing date:
(1)PROGRAM Coordi
nator - 1 Post (2)Field
Supervisor (CBHFA)
- 2 Posts (3)Program
Support Offcer (CPP)
- 1 Post (4)Program
Assistant (CPP) - 1
Post (5)Field Supervisor
(CPP) - 17 Posts (6) Field
Assistant (CPP) - 19
Posts. (7)M & E Offcer
(CPP) - 1 Post (8)RFL
Offcer 1 Post.
(9)Branch Development
Officer- 1 Posts.
Application process:
Please send application
letter, CV and related
documents to Myanmar
Red Cross Society (Head
Offce) Yazatingaha Rd,
Dekkhinathiri, Nay Pyi Taw.
gmail.com For more
information & application,
please visit to www.
my a n ma r r e d c r o s s
society.org Please
mention “Position Title”
in subject if you apply.
Rice Research Institute
(IRRI) is in need of the
following positions :
HR Business Partner-
Country Office,
Assistant Scientise-
Agronomy, Officer-
Administrative Coor
dination, Officer-
Accounting. All positions
are based at IRRI
Myanmar Offce, Yangon,
Myanmar. For further
details about IRRI and
above job opportunities,
please visit jobs.irri.org.
Interested candidates
should submit CV with
a cover letter stating
motivation to apply for
the positions. Candidate
should apply online at
jobs.org (go to search
the IRRI job board" and
look for the position
titles above, click and
apply. IRRI is an Equal
Opportunity Employer
that values diversity
Women and minorties
are encouraged to apply.
Local Positions
YOU ARE passionate
about design furniture?
Decorum is an int'l
company which offers
a premium selection of
high quality products,
created by top designers
and supplied by
European brands. Our
purpose is to bring a
touch of international
lifestyle into Myanmar.
So if you are a highly
motivated professional
who welcomes new
challenges, we have your
next great opportunity!
We are looking for high
performers in the following
positions with competitive
com pensation packages.
Sales Manager 1 post
Sales Executive 4 posts
Showroom Manager
2 posts Showroom
Assistant 1 post
Warehouse Manager
1 post HR offcer 1
post Send your talent
application to hr@
decorum-mm.com not
later than August 29,
2014 (5:00 PM). Rm
402, Building-C, Dagon
Center, Myaynigone,
Sanchaung, Yangon. Tel
: 01 524611, 514324.
Elections Foundation
(ANFREL) is seeking (1)
Web developer, Yangon.
For more information,
please visit to http://goo.
gl/FKAU3G. Please email
application to aungat@
anfrel.org. First come
frst serve.
Myanmar Offce is seeking
to hire ambitious, highly
competent professionals
for the following position:
01 Sales & Marketing
Representative : Full
time. Responsible for
Sales & Marketing
activities. Requirements:
University degree or
higher in economics/
business. Proficiency
in English, Myanmar
languages. Good
computer skills; Good
communication skills.
Independent working
competence. Experience
in Sales and Marketing;
Airline experiences
are preferred. Send
application: 01 CV with
photo, application letter
(all in English). Related
documents to prove
your skills, experience,
degrees (copy).
Before: 05pm Friday,
19 September2014.
To:#1702 Sakura Tower
339, Boyoke Aung San
Rd, Kyauktada Township,
Yangon, Myanmar. C/O:
Ms. Yu Myat Thet – Tel
1 255066 Or Email to:
WE ARE Japanese Int'l
Trading Corporation, have
branch offces all over the
world and also in Yangon
for about 20 years. Since
we are expanding, we
need energetic new
staffs in important
positions for Yangon
offce who are dedicated
to sales and marketing.
If you are interested
and have confdence for
above challenge, you
are invited. Those who
are not willing to work in
sales and marketing feld,
those who do not have
enough confdence, those
who could not work under
pressure, do not need to
apply. Requirement: 3
to 5 years experience
in marketing/trading
feld. Fluent in English
(Japanese language
fuency preferable). A
cover letter written in
English why do you apply.
Full resume` with recent
passport photo attached.
Expected Salary (in US$)
& Contact Number clearly
described in your resume
to Rm 501~504, 5th Flr,
Hledan Center, Corner of
Hledan Rd and Pyay Rd.
Tel: +95-1-2305-633 ~
Royal Lake Yangon –
Leading Five Star Hotel
in Yangon, Myanmar
with its headquarter in
Bangkok, is now seeking
highly energetic and
motivated candidates for
the following position with
the specifcations below:
(1).Revenue Manager -
M/F 1 Post :
Any University
Graduate, Excellent
communication skill,
Excellent Interpersonal
Skill, Effective Sales
Ability, Creative Thinking,
Competent in MS Excel,
Word and Power Point,
Internet, E mail, 3 years
experience in the hotel
reservation or sales, Good
command of English
language, both spoken
and written (2).Chef
de Partie - M/F 1 Post
: Highly motivated and
well organized, Ability to
manage the team, Skilful
in preparing western
meals, 2 years in the
similar position. Interested
candidates should apply
with full CV/Resume
indicating position of
interest, qualifcations,
educational background,
employment records
and recent photo not
later than 2.9.2014. Only
short-listed candidates
will be notifed by phone
for interview. Email : hr.
chry@chatrium.com Ph:
01-544500, 544500. HR
Dept. Chatrium Hotel
Royal Lake Yangon, 40,
Natmauk Rd, Tamwe.
T R A N S A L AT O R :
Profcient in Myanmar
& English, Interpret
legal terminology
(Eng-Myanmar, vice
versa), Translate Laws
and Notifcations from
different Government
Organizations, Proof
reading and editing fnal
translated versions.
Provide clients with a
grammatically correct,
well-expressed final
version of the translated
text. Requirements:
3 yearsexperience.
Strong knowledge of
legal terminology. Good
awareness of current
affairs, cultures and
politics. Preferable who
has legal knowledge/
background It is an
advantage to have a
knowledge of and/or
interest in specialist
areas such as law,
pol i t i cs/ government /
public administration,
economics, marketing &
fnancial affairs. Pls send
CV to ppo@kcyangon.
com with Last drawn,
expected salary &
availability period.
The Int'l Montessori
Myanmar invites
application from suitably
qualifed local candidates
for the following positions
of Nursery/ Pre-K/
Kindergarten Lead
teachers and Assistant
teachers. A Kindergarten
teacher who is loving,
caring and understand
early childhood education
with ECCD certifcation is
preferred, but we will train
the right person who is
willing to get certifed at
a later date. Both are full
time positions, Monday
to Friday from 8:00 to
4:00. Please email your
CV through imm.myn@
gmail.com or contact 55
(B), Po Sein Rd, Bahan,
Yangon, Ph: 546097,
Services Co.,Ltd is
seeking (1)Service
Center Manager - M
1 post : University
graduated with manage
ment studies (or)
Engineering Degree
more preferred. 3 years
experience. Age above
30. Good in English. Can
use Microsoft Offce. (2)
HR Manager - M/F 1 post:
University graduated.
Age 27~ 35. 3 years
experience. Can travel
(3)Admin Manager -
M/F 1 post : University
graduated with manage
ment studies (or) Admini
stration more preferable.
Age 27 ~ 35. 3 years
experience. Can travel.
Good in English. Can
use Microsoft Offce.
(4)Service Center
Supervisor - M 1 post:
University graduated
with management studies
(or) Engineering Degree
more preferred. 1 year
experience. Age above
25. Good in English. Can
use Microsoft Offce. (5)
Admin Offcer - M/F 2
posts : Any graduate, 2
year experience. Age 25
& 30. Good in English. Can
use Microsoft Offce. (6)
HR Offcer - M/F 2 posts
: Any graduate. 2 years
experience. Age 25 ~ 30
years. Good in English.
Can use Microsoft Offce.
(7)Service Engineer
- M 5 posts : Bachelor
Degree in Mechanical
Engineering. Computer
literat. (8)Spare Part
Engineer - M/F 2 Posts:
Degree in Mechanical
Engineering or other
Engineering discipline.
2 years experience. (9)
Admin/HR Assistant -
M/F 5 posts : Age 20 ~
25. Any graduate, 2 years
experience, Verbal and
written communication
skills in English is a
must. Excellent computer
literate. (10)Security - M
5 posts : Age 20 ~ 40. 10
standard. Able to work
both day and night. Please
summit CV with a recent
photo, with necessary
documetnts to 4, Dagon
St, Aungmingalar
highway bus station. Ph
: 09-863-1155, Email
gmail.com Closing date:
31th, August, 2014.
1 Post USD$ 500 - 700 (2)
Logistics Supervisor
- M/F 3 Posts USD $
350-450 (3)Assistant
Accountant - F 3
Posts USD $ 100 (4)
Admin Supervisor -
M/F 2 Posts USD $
250-350 (5)Admin Staff
- M/F 5 Posts USD $100
(6) Purchaser - M/F
5 Posts USD $200 (7)
Offce secretary - M/F
3 Posts USD 350 above
(8) Marketing staff - M/F
8 Posts USD 150-200 (9)
Warehouse Helper - M
3 posts USD 100-150
(10)Finance Manager
- M/F 1 Posts USD 1000-
1500. Please send CV
& a cover letter, including
salary expection to email
gmail.com. Only short-list
candidates will be notifed
by phone for interview.
PERSONAL assistant
wanted: Private
household with soon four
members and a small
family business is looking
for a personal assistant
to take care of various
tasks. You are a young
graduate, motivated and
you speak/understand
English well then please
contact 09-515-2532,
HAGL Myanmar Centre is the single-largest 100% Vietnam invested project in Myanmar
and owns First Integrated and International Standard, mixed-use development located
at No.192Kabar Aye Pagoda Road, Bahan Township, Yangon.Our premium facilities
comprise Four GradeA Offce Towers, One Retail Podium,One Five-Star Hotel, Three
Residential and Two Serviced Apartments. We are inviting applications to fll in the fol-
lowing positions:
1. Senior Human Resource 02 positions (Code: J01)
• University Graduate or higher level
• Good management and problem solving skills are required
• Good knowledge in local labor code, labor safety
• At least 05 years of experience in relevant job
• English fuent in speaking and writing
• Male is preferred
2. Admin Executive 03 positions (Code: J02)
• University Graduate
• At least 01 year of experience in administration works
• Motivated and ambitious
• English fuent in speaking and writing
3. Medical Executive 02 positions (Code: J03)
• Graduate from Medical School
• Good knowledge in frst-aid and injury treatment
• Understanding about local medical service
• Liaising with other health care professionals, GPs and/or hospitals
• Excellent interpersonal and communication skills
• Good written and spoken English language skills.
4. Leasing Manager 02 positions (Code: J04)
• Must be a graduate in Business Administration, Economics, Sales & Marketing
oroverseas studies and MBA are preferences
• Excellent English verbal and written communication
• Be highly process orientated with a high level of attention to detail, accuracy and
• Able to deal with multinational tenants.
• Strong negotiator with the ability to source and close business deals.
• Skilled in sales and marketing. Able to prepare strategy and business plan
• Good presentation skill, professional, positive and proactive at all times.
5. Sales, Leasing and Marketing Offcer 10 positions (Code: J05)
• Must be a graduate
• Must have at least one year experience in the residential and offce Leasing
Sales and Hospitality
• Must be fuent in speaking and written English Language Skills.
• Must have excellent interpersonal, motivational and team work skills.
If you would like to work in a challenging environment with good opportunities and ben-
efts, please send your CVwith a recent photograph (4x6cm), a cover letter in English
and copies of qualifcation certifcates to the following address:
Hoang AnhGia Lai Myanmar Company Limited
No.192, Kabar Aye Pagoda Road, BahanTownship,Yangon City, Myanmar.
Email: job.hagl@gmail.com
Job applications shall be received as of 25
August 2014.
Engineers( Mechanical/Electrical)
We are the leading Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Com-
pany and specialize in design, supply and installation of Building
services systems in Japan and Asia. We have now established the
Myanmar Branch offce and looking for the competent, effcient
and energetic persons for the following position.
• Obtain the quotation from vendors for tender submission
• Quantity take out from M & E drawings and prepare BOQ
• Discuss with main contractor/ client to clarify technical and
value engineering aspects in tender documents
• Technical discussion and price negotiation with vendors
• Measurement and evaluation of sub-contractors' installation
works at site
• Possess Degree in Mechanical/ Electrical
• Minimum three years of work experience in the position ap-
plying for.
• Knowledge of mechanical and electrical equipment/stan-
dard/code of practice
• Computer literate and able to use MS offce software, knowl-
edge in application of AUTOCAD software will be added
• Able to communicate in English with expatriate staff effec-
• Able to work independently and with initiative
• To station at Yangon offce but able to travel short visit to the
project site for measurement and verifcation purpose
Interested candidates are requested to send their Resume, cur-
rent and expected salaries to recruitmentsnk.mmr@gmail.com by
5 September 2014.
We regret that shortlisted candidates will only be contacted for the
An NGO with inter-
national repute is
looking for a Web
developer in Yan-
gon. For more in-
formation, please
visit to http://
Please email appli-
cation to yangon.
com. First come
frst serve basis will
be applied for inter-
68 Sport THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014
S he pinned his opponent
down and punched him
repeatedly in the head,
Yao “The Master” Hong-
gang was – like other
emerging Chinese mixed martial arts
fighters – beating his way out of rural
Yao was once a national wrestling
champion, but switched to the uncom-
promising discipline of mixed martial
arts (MMA) a decade ago, when it was
barely known in China.
It combines grappling with kick-
boxing and ju-jitsu in a combat where
almost anything goes.
“My ideal is to get a knockout,”
said Yao, 33, who has a short, muscle-
ripped frame and cauliflower ears.
For his latest contest, he returned
to his home province of Henan and
a sports centre in Zhoukou, just a
few miles from the quiet plot of land
where his parents still make a living
growing corn.
A spotlight picked out local busi-
nessmen and government ofcials –
plus a consignment of shield-clutching
riot police – in the audience of thou-
sands, and Yao sprinted towards the
ring through clouds of smoke and past
bikini-clad cheerleaders.
Within seconds of the referee’s
opening cry of “Fight!” the crowd
erupted as he knocked his opponent
Jadambaa Munkhbayar to the floor.
But the Mongolian slid from beneath
Yao’s legs and leapt back to his feet,
swinging wildly.
Yao’s long journey to MMA stardom
saw him endure years of struggle and
deprivation as he trained in obscurity
with a Filipino coach in Beijing.
To keep his dream aloft, he worked
as a restaurant night-watchman and
an air conditioning repairman, hang-
ing of skyscrapers to fix leaky units.
“Both my parents worked in the
fields; my dad also worked as a PE
teacher but his salary was low. So I
had to depend on myself,” he said.
Now he competes for prizes of up
to US$10,000 and fights in the Unit-
ed States and Hong Kong, while the
sport’s promoters are competing to
cash in on what is a potentially huge
Chinese market.
The gym where Yao trains has al-
ready sent several fighters to the US-
based Ultimate Fighting Champion-
ship (UFC), whose annual revenues
reach into hundreds of millions of
“The UFC is like every other sports
league in the world – they see enor-
mous financial possibility in China,”
said Jonathan Snowden, author of an
encyclopaedia of the sport.
“What they see are more than a bil-
lion possible customers. That’s very
The UFC partnered with a Chinese
TV channel last year, but life for the
dozens of aspiring MMA champions
fighting regular bouts around the
country remains far from glamorous.
Members of one Beijing gym sleep
on bunk beds in tiny dormitories,
squeezed into unheated slum houses.
“Nearly all of us MMA fighters are
farmers,” said bearded He Nannan, 22,
gulping down cabbage soup. “People
from cities have money and don’t want
to fight.”
Wu Haotian is one of China’s top
MMA athletes and has defeated oppo-
nents as far away as South Africa, but
went unrecognised as he walked home
through dilapidated streets, sweating
from three hours of afternoon train-
While he was growing up in a vil-
lage in Inner Mongolia, he said, “when
it rained and we couldn’t work out-
side, we would gather for wrestling
matches. That’s how I started fighting”.
“I thought MMA was great, because
there are almost no restrictions.”
His favourite move is a downward
elbow strike, but pointed to his fore-
head to explain a recent defeat. “I was
injured here. It bled a lot and I fainted
after the third round.”
The prizes he competes for are
worth up to 30,000 yuan ($5000),
with around a fifth taken by his club.
Even so, he said, “We don’t have
enough money to live in apartments.
We’re poor.”
The future of contenders like Wu
and He will be decided by the spend-
ing habits of Chinese audiences, who
pay to see fights and watch TV broad-
Yuan Kaifu, a businessman who
had travelled from Beijing to Zhoukou
said, “I like MMA because it’s real. Not
fake like some other fighting contests.”
Backstage, battlers from Australia,
central Africa and Russia covered
themselves in muscle-heating oil and
sparred as a German coach played the
‘Rocky’ theme song “Eye of the Tiger”
from a mobile phone.
Yao looked relaxed as he secured
his gloves with tape and sipped a pro-
tein drink.
“I don’t get nervous in the ring. I’m
aware of everything that is happen-
ing,” he said.
After the initial grapple he dodged
his opponent’s right-handed punch,
hoisted him up and brought him
crashing to the ground.
Stuck in a choke-hold, Munkhbayar’s
white and gold glove tapped the ground
three times, and a bell marked Yao’s vic-
tory – after a contest of just 53 seconds.
Balanced on the ring’s white ropes,
the winner drank in the adoration of
the crowd, flashing a smile which re-
vealed a gum-shield in patriotic red.
“Next time, I’ll try and win more
slowly,” he said.
“If I didn’t have MMA, I’d probably
be doing some small business, construc-
tion or working as a cook,” he added. “Or
installing air conditioners.” – AFP
China’s mixed martial artists
rising up from the fields
Sexy photos rock Japanese figureskating
Yao “The Master” Honggang (right0 preparing for a match. Photo: AFP
JAPANESE figure-skating heartthrob
Daisuke Takahashi has denied being the
victim of sexual harassment as a scandal
raged over magazine photos of him in
the clutches of the 49-year-old boss of
his sport, local media reported August
Snapshots, purportedly taken at
a booze-fuelled party held after the
Winter Olympics, emerged earlier this
week showing skater-turned-politician
Seiko Hashimoto hugging and kissing
“It was a case of two adults getting
a little out of control,” the 28-year-old
Takahashi told Japan’s Nikkan Sports,
in his first public comments since the
storm broke.
“We’d drunk alcohol and overdid
the frolicks. I regret it but I don’t think
for one moment it was power harass-
ment or sexual harassment.”
Married mother-of-three Hashimo-
to, who was Japan’s delegation chief at
the Sochi Olympics in February and is
currently president of the Japan Skat-
ing Federation, was accused of sexual
harassment by the Shukan Bunshun
weekly magazine which published the
In one photo, former world cham-
pion Takahashi, dubbed the “prince on
ice” by his legion of female followers,
appears to be turning his face away
from the skate chief as she tries to kiss
him in front of other partygoers, some
snapping away on smartphones.
The magazine quoted one witness
as saying Hashimoto had pounced on
2010 Olympic bronze medallist Taka-
hashi and been zealous in her advanc-
es, prompting accusations of an abuse
of power.
Hashimoto, a former Olympic
speed skater and cyclist, has denied
claims of sexual harassment, insisting
she was merely showing Takahashi the
same sort of afection she would any
other athlete.
“If this invited misunderstanding, I
regret it and think I should be careful,”
said Hashimoto.
Hashimoto’s name has been men-
tioned in connection with an expected
cabinet reshufe Prime Minister Shin-
zo Abe plans for early September.
Her elevation would fit with Abe’s
stated aim of boosting the number of
women in senior positions by 2020,
when Tokyo will host the summer
Olympic Games. Hashimoto also serves
as the head of development at the Japa-
nese Olympic Committee. – AFP
Sport 69 www.mmtimes.com
Helsinn Healthcare SA, a company organized under the laws of
Switzerland carrying on business as pharmaceutical manufacturer
and trader and having its principal offce at Via Pian Scairolo
9-6912 Lugano, Switzerland is the owner and sole proprietor of
the following Trademarks:-
Myanmar Registration Nos.
4/7482/2009 & 4/11471/2012
Myanmar Registration Nos.
4/7484/2009 & 4/11470/2012
Myanmar Registration No. 4/14876/2013
Used in respect of:
“Anti-emetic pharmaceutical preparations and substances”.
(International Class 05)
Any unauthorised use, imitation, infringements or fraudulent
intentions of the above marks will be dealt with according to law.

Tin Ohnmar Tun, Tin Thiri Aung & The Law Chambers
(For. Ella Cheong LLC, Singapore)
Dated: 25
August, 2014
Used in respect of:
“Pharmaceutical anti-emetic products”. (International Class 05)

PARMALAT, S.p.A., a company organized under the laws of
Italy, and having its principal offce at Via delle Nazioni Unite 4,
43044 Collecchio (Parma) Italy is the owner and sole proprietor
of the following Trademark:-
Myanmar Registration Numbers. 4/3713/2011 for Int’l Class 29,
4/3714/2011 for Int’l Class 30, 4/3715/2011 for Int’l Class 32
Used in respect of:-
“Milk and milk products; meat, fsh, poultry and game; meat
extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies,
jams, compotes; eggs; edible oils and fats”.
(International Class 29)
“Sauces (condiments); coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca,
sago, artifcial coffee; four and preparations made from cereals,
bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey; treacle; yeast; baking
powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, spices; ice”. (International Class
“Non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; beers; mineral
and aerated waters; syrups and other preparations for making
beverages”. (International Class 32)
Any unauthorised use, imitation, infringements or fraudulent
intentions of the above mark will be dealt with according to law.

Tin Ohnmar Tun, Tin Thiri Aung & The Law Chambers
Ph: 0973150632
(For. Domnern Somgiat & Boonma,
Attorneys at Law, Thailand)
Dated. 25
August, 2014
Texas teen to make
Formula 1 debut at Grand
Prix in Belgium
US cuts team to 12 for Basketball World Cup
AX Verstappen, the
16-year-old son of for-
mer Benetton driver Jos
Verstappen, is expected
to make his Formula
One debut with the Toro Rosso team
in free practice at the United States
Grand Prix.
Toro Rosso team boss Franz Tost,
the man who has overseen the early
development of both Sebastian Vet-
tel and Daniel Ricciardo before they
moved on to “big sister” team Red
Bull, confirmed this was his plan on
August 22.
Teenager Verstappen has been
signed by Toro Rosso to replace
Frenchman Jean-Eric Vergne next sea-
son when, aged just 17, he will become
the youngest racing driver in the his-
tory of Formula One.
His recruitment by Toro Rosso has
been greeted by a wave of concern and
scepticism in the paddock and pit lane
with many drivers suggesting it is very
risky to throw Verstappen in to F1 at
such a tender age.
Tost said Verstappen will have a
seat fitting at Toro Rosso’s Faenza base
in Italy in the near future and then
have a demonstration run in Rotter-
dam before undertaking some testing
for his new team in a three-year-old
He will then be fast-tracked into
the race team for some free practice
runs at the three final Grands Prix of
Tost said, “We want to give him as
much time and mileage as possible
in a Formula One car and expect him
to be in a Friday session at least from
Austin onwards - Austin, Sao Paolo
and Abu Dhabi, and then the Abu
Dhabi test.”
Verstappen told reporters that he
had signed for the Red Bull organisa-
tion only after being promised a race
seat in 2015.
Demonstrating great maturity for a
boy of his age, he said he was unfazed
by the prospect of stepping up to F1
during his first season of car racing.
“My dad [ex-F1 driver Jos] was al-
ways pushing me in the right direc-
tion, and in big steps,” Verstappen
said. “Karting to F3 was a big step, but
I adapted quickly so I don’t see the
problem [going] from F3 to F1.
“Once you are in a racing car, a rac-
ing car is a racing car, so I think I’m
ready for it.”
He will become the youngest F1
driver in history by around 18 months.
British drivers Lewis Hamilton and
Jenson Button both said they were not
ready at 17, which Felipe Massa said
was “a little young”.
But many said they were pleased
Verstappen had been promoted on the
basis of talent rather than financial
German Adrian Sutil said the move
was a “risk” for Verstappen’s career.
“It’s quite a risky move and a surprise
for everyone to be announced as F1
driver after only half a season in F3.
“But there are drivers who can
manage that, for example Kimi Raik-
konen, who did only one season of
Formula Renault and performed ex-
tremely well.”
Button said, “When I was 20, I
wasn’t ready. I was probably ready at
23, but people are ready at diferent
The youngest driver in Formula
One to date is Spaniard Jaime Alguer-
suari who was 19 years and 125 days
old when he debuted at the 2009 Hun-
garian Grand Prix.
This is Verstappen’s first year in
Formula Three and he has won eight
of 27 races after winning the world KZ
karting championship last year.
Ferrari’s Fernando Alonso, who
made his own F1 debut when he was
19 and went on to become the young-
est man to win a race and a world
championship, said “age is just a num-
ber in your passport”.
He added, “Before saying anything,
we need to see how Verstappen does
next year and after six-to-eight races we
can see if he was ready or not.” – AFP
DERRICK Rose earned a spot on the
final 12-man US roster of NBA stars for
the Basketball World Cup after help-
ing the Americans rip Puerto Rico 112-
86 on August 23.
Rose sat out an exhibition victory
two nights earlier over the Dominican
Republic and there was concern about
him after his having missed most of
the past two NBA seasons due to knee
But Rose had a strong efort with
six points and four assists in 13 min-
utes at Madison Square Garden and
was among those named to the final
US lineup by coach Mike Krzyzewski
and US national team managing direc-
tor Jerry Colangelo.
Damian Lillard, Kyle Korver, Gor-
don Hayward and Chandler Parsons
were trimmed from the lineup early
August 23 to slice the American ros-
ter to the 12-man limit needed by next
Friday, the eve of the start of the global
showdown in Spain.
“The first thing is we are very
pleased with the overall efort of every
player who was a part of the process,”
said Krzyzewski. “To select 12 was dif-
ficult because our pool is so good.
“I’m excited about the 12 players
selected and feel we have excellent
versatility and the makings of a really
good defensive team.”
Chicago standout Rose will be
joined by Golden State’s Stephen Cur-
ry and Klay Thompson, Sacramento’s
Rudy Gay and DeMarcus Cousins,
Cleveland guard Kyrie Irving, Hou-
ston guard James Harden, Toronto’s
DeMar DeRozan, New Orleans’ Antho-
ny Davis, Detroit’s Andre Drummond,
Denver’s Kenneth Faried and Brook-
lyn’s Mason Plumlee.
“This was without doubt the most
difcult selection process we’ve gone
through,” Colangelo said.
“Each player is incredibly talented,
and each player ofered us unique
skills. In the end it was about assem-
bling the best team, selecting guys
who we felt would be able to best play
the kind of style we envision this team
The US men begin defending their
world crown August 30 against Fin-
land. A repeat win there would clinch
a berth at the 2016 Rio de Janeiro
The Americans, 3-0 in Basketball
World Cup warm-up games, play a fi-
nal exhibition August 26 against Slo-
venia in Spain. – AFP
A member of the Finnish team competes at the Grand Prix last week. Photo: AFP
‘When I was 20, I
wasn’t ready. I was
probably ready at
23, but people are
ready at diferent
Jensen Button
British Formula 1 driver
Sport 71 www.mmtimes.com
HILIPPINE world boxing
champion Manny Pacquiao
has won a Supreme Court
reprieve in his battle to
avoid paying tens of mil-
lions of dollars in extra taxes, authori-
ties said August 21.
Pacquiao will not have to post a
cash bond of 3.3 billion pesos ($75.2
million) and the government is
banned from seizing any of his as-
sets while his income tax case is being
heard, according to a Supreme Court
The ruling, handed down this week
and sent to AFP by court spokesper-
son Theodore Te, also ordered the pro-
ceedings be carried out more quickly
as they began last year and are still in
the pre-trial stage.
Pacquiao expressed relief at the
ruling, which came ahead of a China
tour starting next week to promote
the Macau defence of his World Box-
ing Organization welterweight title
against unbeaten US challenger Chris
Algieri in November.
“Let us now let the legal process
take its course. For now, I am just glad
I will be able to concentrate on train-
ing for my upcoming bout,” he said in
a statement.
The dispute arose from an initial
assessment from the government that
Pacquiao, 35, owed 2.2 billion pesos in
unpaid taxes for 2008 and 2009.
President Benigno Aquino has
waged a bruising campaign against
tax evasion as part of a general crack-
down on corruption during his four
years in ofce.
Pacquiao, who has held world titles
in eight separate weight divisions and
is also a member of Congress, has be-
come one of the highest-profile targets
of the tax ofce’s sweep.
The boxer has insisted he paid the
2008 and 2009 taxes in the United
States, so did not need to do so in the
Philippines because the two countries
have an agreement allowing their citi-
zens to avoid double taxation.
The tax ofce alleges Pacquiao
failed to provide documents proving
his US payments.
It also says that, even if Pacquiao
did pay in the United States, he would
still owe some money in the Philip-
pines where there is a higher rate of
Last year the government froze sev-
eral of Pacquiao’s bank accounts and
the financing on one of his properties
in an exclusive gated community in
It also threatened to take the mon-
ey owed by seizing and then selling of
his assets.
The tax court agreed in April to lift
the asset freeze on the condition Pac-
quiao posted the giant cash bond by
August 17.
“We went to the Supreme Court to
get the bond requirement removed,
since it would defeat the purpose of
the lifting of the asset freeze,” Pacqui-
ao’s lawyer Tranquil Salvador told AFP
on August 21.
The cash bond is equivalent to the
back taxes that Pacquiao allegedly
now owes the government, plus inter-
est, Salvador added.
The dispute is a civil case that does
not involve prison penalties. – AFP
Pacquiao wins
round in bruising
Philippine tax fight
But the boxing icon’s financial woes are far
from over
Pacquiao celebrates a victory in 2011. Photo: AFP
‘Let us now let
the legal process
take its course.
For now, I am just
glad I will be able
to concentrate on
training for my
upcoming bout.’
Manny Pacquiao
72 THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 25 - 31, 2014 SPORT EDITOR: Tim McLaughlin | timothy.mclaughlin3@gmail.com
Chinese farmer makes bid for
MMA stardom
YANMAR traditional
boxing champion
Saw Ngaman faced
down a strong chal-
lenge from SEA
Games gold medallist Two Two on
August 17 at Yangon’s Thuwana
stadium, fighting the young pugi-
list to a draw.
Two Two’s skill enabled him to
evade Saw Ngaman’s attacking style
of smacking down his opponent, and
prevented the champion from domi-
nating the ring. But the challenger
failed to put to best use his own
technique of combining fists with
powerful kicks.
“Two Two is a good fighter and
a talented boxer. Although he is
young, he is a clever fighter. To put
it simply, he is better than Saw Nga-
man, but I think he was worried
in this match. Saw Ngaman’s long
experience as champion enabled
him to control the fight,” boxing
fan U Khin Zaw told The Myanmar
Times after the match.
“I did my job and came out
ahead, though I recognise that Two
Two is young, but he is a talented
boxer,” said Saw Ngaman.
Though he retained his title, Saw
Ngaman will face another challeng-
er, Htun Htun Min, at a champion-
ship fight on September 21 at Thein
Phyu stadium.
Boxing champion
fights off challenger
Saw Ngaman fought Two Two to a draw in Yangon
Two Two catches a kick from Saw Ngaman. Photo: Thiri Lu
The high-kicking opening ceremony of the Rugby World Cup, 2007. Photo: AFP
Rugby: Aussie players
accept doping bans
MOST of the 17 past and present
Australian rugby league players im-
plicated in a long-running probe into
a supplements scandal have accept-
ed backdated bans as part of a plea
deal, reports said August 22.
The cases relate to the use of
banned substances CJC-1295 and
GHRP-6 during the struggling
Cronulla Sharks’ 2011 National Rug-
by League season.
The Australian Sports Anti-Dop-
ing Authority (ASADA) gave the
players until August 22 to either ac-
cept a deal ofered to them, or pre-
pare a case.
The Australian newspaper and
other media said most of the play-
ers agreed to accept the compro-
mise proposal, which will see them
receive back-dated one-year suspen-
sions from November last year.
This means they will be eligible
to return to action on November 23,
in efect serving a ban of barely two
An unsuccessful challenge to the
doping charges would almost cer-
tainly result in a two-year ban.
Among those opting for the deal
were current Sharks skipper Paul Gal-
len and current Cronulla players An-
thony Tupou, Wade Graham and Na-
than Gardner, who will all now miss
the rest of the season, reports said.
Newcastle Knights coach Wayne
Bennett confirmed two of his players,
Jeremy Smith and Kade Snowden,
were also involved and had accepted
the bans.
The Australian said only three
players had opted to fight the charg-
es, including Ben Pomeroy and Paul
Aiton who now play in the English
Super League.
The probe into the supplements
scandal spanned 16 months with
ASADA chief executive Ben McDe-
vitt saying on August 19 that the evi-
dence was sufcient for the players
to have cases to answer under the
World Anti-Doping Code.
Late last year the Sharks were
provisionally hit with a Aus$1 mil-
lion (US$930,000) fine and coach
Shane Flanagan suspended for
12 months over the supplements
National Rugby League boss Da-
vid Smith told Channel Nine televi-
sion he hoped the sport could soon
move on from the scandal.
“If we can bring the thing to an
end, if we can get the right response
whereby the punishment fits the
crime ... and we can finally put this
behind us, then the right things have
taken place in the right way and I
think we have managed the process
pretty well so far,” he said. – AFP

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