Literary Terms #11

Narration: the composition or story itself. Narrative: the telling of the story. Narrator: the teller of the story, sometimes the author or, in the case of first-person narratives, one or more characters in the story. Realism: a style of writing presenting an accurate picture of the real world and its people in a fictional setting. Naturalism: takes realism one step further and shows the real world as subject to and under the control of the “natural”; the future is determined by the course of nature, and humanity is unable to deny or overcome this force. Nemesis: was the Greek goddess of retribution and vengeance. Today, this term denotes any person or thing with evil intentions that is perceived as a challenge or obstacle. Neoclassicism: a term associated with the 18th century when writers attempted, with varying degrees of success, to revert to the style of the classical period. Novel: an extended fictional prose narrative. Novella: in Italian, meant any tale or story, and from which the novel is derived, is a fancier term for a novelette. Novelette: is a piece that is shorter than a novel, but longer than a short story. Short Story: has no specific length, but is usually too short to be published on its own. Nursery Rhyme: brief verses designed to teach children about rhyme, and often some moral lesson. Objective correlative: a phrase coined by T.S. Eliot, referring to the use of external objects, including scene-setting, action, situations, etc. to mirror or portray a character’s emotions. Ode: a formal, often elaborate and exalted verse devoted to a single subject. Onomatopoeia: words that “imitate” the sounds they describe, such as bang, hum, ding-dong, buzz, etc. Oration: a formal, public speech. Oxymoron: a Greek word, literally: sharp (oxy)/dull (moron), referring to a combination of words that appear to be contradictory.

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