In particular, the identity matrix serves as the unit of the ring of all n×n matrices, and as the

identity element of the general linear group GL(n) consisting of all invertible n×n matrices. (The
identity matrix itself is invertible, being its on inverse.)
!here n×n matrices are used to represent linear transformations from an n"dimensional vector
space to itself, In represents the identity function, regardless of the basis.
The ith column of an identity matrix is the unit vector ei. It follos that the determinant of the
identity matrix is # and the trace is n.
$sing the notation that is sometimes used to concisely describe diagonal matrices, e can rite%
It can also be ritten using the &ronec'er delta notation%

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