You are on page 1of 8

Group 4

COGNITIVE THEORY
Cognitive theories address a
persons thinking about an
event or situation as having an
effect on his or her response
to a stimulus (behavior)
Cognitive theories arose out of
the need to explain more
complex behaviors that could
not be explained by
observable actions alone
AARON BECK
Founder of
cognitive theory
and therapy
Father of
cognitive
behavioral
therapy
AARON BECK
He began his systematic
research on the influence
of a persons cognitions,
thoughts and beliefs on
their behavior and in the
development and
treatment of depression
This was found to improve
emotional, social and
behavioral functioning in
people with thought
disorders such as
schizophrenia
ALBERT ELLIS
Ellis developed the
cognitive rational- emotive
theory and therapy of
behavior change
Ellis theorizes an
individuals irrational
beliefs, attitudes, and
faulty thinking create and
maintain dysfunctional
emotional and behavioral
imbalance.
ALBERT ELLIS
Elliss theory assumes that
an event (experience),
followed by irrational
beliefs about the
experience and the
resultant consequences of
those faulty beliefs are the
cause of depression,
panic, obsessive-
compulsive disorder,
substance abuse, as well
as other mental disorders.
COGNITIVE THEORY

COGNITIVE RATIONAL-EMOTIVE
THEORY