REFERENCE

Answers to Questions in Summaries and Exercises
Chapter 1
[1] Spindle, head chuck and chucking unit, tool slide, carriage, hydraulic power unit, control panel,
splash guard, tailstock, NC unit, etc.
[2] a. Unit to measure the position of tool nose
b. Unit to set and dismount a workpiece automatically
c. Unit to change jaws of three-jaw chuck automatically
d. Unit to change a tool in the tool slide for a tool in the ATC magazine automatically [3] a. (Turret
type) Relatively large-sized tools can be used. However, the number of tools to
be set is small.
(Drum type) This compact tool slide allows many tools to be set.
(Pectinate type) Moving range of this tool slide is small, and
machine can be made compact.
b. (Horizontal type) This carriage is suited for machining long shafts.
(Slant type) Chips can be smoothly discharged.
(Ram slide type) Large working space can be secured, but tailing work cannot be done. [4] a. It is not
necessary to regrind the cutting edge.
b. It is easy to adjust the point of tool nose when changing a tool.
c. Tool setup time can be saved.
d. Tool management is made easy.
e. Various kinds of tips (tool material or cutting-edge shapes) can be set to one tip holder.
Chapter 2
Fig. 2-18 D (G00X44.0Z2.O ; ) ) (X80.0Z40.O ;
Fig. 2-19 c:D (GOl X50.4Z-50.OFO.25 ; ) ( (GOl Ui O.8W-52.OFO.25 ;
Fig. 2-20 D (GOOZ1 0.0 ; ) (GOl Z-32.OFO.25 ; ) ®(GOOZ1 0.0 ;
® (X100.0Z50.O ;)
Fig. 2-21 (GOOX3O.0Z2.O ; ) © (GOl Z-20.OFO.25 ; ) ® (X40.O ;
® (X50.OZ-50.O ; ) © (X64.O ; ) ® (GOOX1 1 O.0Z40.O ; )
Exercise 2
(Absolute command) (Incremental command)
D GOOX40.0Z6.o ; JD GOOU-160.OW-144.O
© GO1Z-30.OFO.25 ; ?) GO1Q-36.OFO.25
c X50.O ; c uio.o ;
© X60.OZ—70.O; U1O.OW—40.O;
® X90.O ; ® U30.O;
® Goox200.ozl5o.o; ® GOOU110.ow220.o:
—138—
REFERENCE
[3]
Fig.2-29 (j(GO3X7O.OZ— 15.0K — 15.OFO.25 ; ) ®(G03X70.OZ— 15.0R15.OFO.25;)
Fig 2-30 (j(GO2X5O.OZ,- 11.OI11.OFO.25 ; ) ®(G02X50.OZ— 11.OR11.OFO.25;)
Fig 2-31 (iJ(G03X70.OZ — 1O.OK—1O.OFO.25 ; ) ®(GO2X100.OZ — 25.0115.OFO.25;)
Fig 2-32 (ID(G02X60.OZ — 51 .3 1411 1 .314K—i 1 .314F0.25;)
®(G02X60.OZ—51.314R16.OFO.25;)
Fig 2-33 (fJ(GOOX4O.0Z2.O ; ) ©(GO1Z — 1O.OFO.25 ; ) ®(G02X60.OZ — 20.OR1O.O;)
®(GO1Z — 42.0 ; ) ®(GOOX8O.0Z30.O;)
[4]
(I/K command) (I/K command)
D GOOX14.0Z6.O ; GOOX14.0Z6.O ;
GO1ZOFO.25 ; ®GO1ZOFO.25;
® X30.O ; X30.O;
® G03X40.OZ — 5.OK—5.O; ® G03X40.OZ — 5.OK—5.O;
®GO1Z—20.O ; ®GO1Z—20.O;

O ©X60. © G02X82.O. tool corn.607 .O.O ®G02. tool indexing (TOl).O. and start of the main spindle in the forward direction ® Positioning of tool at cutting start point ® o/40-mrn end face cutting © 0/60-mm end face cutting @ Tool is returned to tool start point.214Z—34.O.0Z150.O.O. © U6. X90.OK—2.OI2. ®X66.O. GOOU . ® GOOX200.O. Z2.607K10. X80. X26. ®Z—25.O .O.pensation No.O.0Z50.0.O.O.217Z—34. X150.OW—3.O. ©G02X81. ® X60.OT0000MO5. T0000 — 140 — .O ©GOOG4O.OW -0.OZ — 52.O.O. Z—2.OK—2.O.OZ —30.OZ —30. T0303.393110.O (äJZ—12. M03 ®Go1. @ G00x240.393I1O.0M08.O.O1—2.0Z5. ® G50X240.O.O. W—3. 01 .O.0T0404M03.OK— 2. Z200.OK—2. ® N101G96S180T0400M39 .6O7R15.O.O. and selection of high.0R5. ©Z—12.speed range © Establishment of work coordinate system ® Rapid traverse of tool to the position of 5 mm from the end face of workpiece. tTh . ® GOOX200.O. ® Program stop: Temporary stop of execution of program ® Constant peripheral speed control (150 rn/mm). GO2X81. ®Z-47. @X76. X150. cijMOl. M08 ®G00G42. W—5.OZ—32.O ©U6.0 . Tool compensation cancel and the main spindle stop —139— REFERENCE [6] (Outer surface cutting) JDGOlZ— 1O. ®GO1XI1O.012. ® X96.O (Inner surface cutting) ©GO1Z— 1O. CJZ—3O.O . [8] ®R0300 ®G50.0Z150.®X60. © G50S2000. ®G01X92. @ X72.OFO. [7] Th NOIG28UOWO. ®GO1X11O.0. ® GO1X6O.O. EZ—2O.OR—2. [5] ® Tool is automatically returned to origin.O.0Z50. ®X22.O jGO1.15.0R2.O. ® 000X2I . Z200. z 0 ®X56.OR—2. Z—22.

O.3 ® Z —13. Setting of tool nose compensation amount C. Manual operation mode [2] a.1 © 0. MDI operation mode.® : Fig.O ® X150. Function to run program block by block b.® .©© 3. 12 e.O. 5O h. Program check by air cutting e. d. 2-134 a ® b. © : Fig.2-133 a.2mm ® 180rn/min ® 0. Setting of tool.5 X48.5 f. R5 Exercise (2) :D (G96) S 120 P0. Z—30. Stop. Change ifjaws ofchuck.O.o. I Exercise (7) :D G96 ® T0500 G50 ® M08 G00 © T0505 c:D M03 ® GO! ® GOO ® G70 © GOOG4O © T0500 © MOl Exercise (8) D X49.0 ® GOl. Preparation of proces sheet. Edition of program. q4O C. 3O g.22 Chapter 3 [ i I Memoiy operation mode. 6O (1.REFERENCE [9) c ‘rooo GOOG4I. Program checking by dry run.3 c. X36.(J b.1mm/rev © (radius) : @ (G96) S 180 ® FO. Start. X20. Setting of workpiece d. 5. W5. Emegency stop —142— .15mm ® 180m/min ® 0. Function to ignore the block marked with “I” in program — 141 — REFERENCE [3] a. ‘roooo ® MOl (Problem in 2-20) Exercise (1) a• 17 b. Test cutting by optional block skip f.62 © X48.2-135 a. Function to ignore feed speed designated in program and to allow feed speed to be set manually d.93. X50. Program checking by figure check. Setting of chech. d.9 c X48. Function to make feed speed which was set in program higher or lower e.0mm ® 120rn/rnin ® 0.42 Q_: X48.® h.® 9.O © I Exercise (6) Answer is omitted.O G42. Registration of program.D f. Forming of solt jaws. 5. Test cutting by single block.32 ® X48. ioioi ® ® 2120 GO! I ® R5. Z2. Program checking by machine lock.O. F1g2136a® b d© e© ! Exercise (5) ! cD U—0 © G50 c.5 F1. M5OP1.O © GOOG4O. 7O I.3mm/rev ® (radius) D (G96) S180 ® FO. Output of NC tape b.® ii. zzoo.O ® GOOG4O.® b. X36.® e.2mm/rev ® (radius) : Exercise (3) 1.®® 7.2 cjj 0. Z —30. Setting of tool compensation. T0505. Setting of tool holder. M03 © GOl. Z2. Function to execute program while machine is loked c.D Exercise (4) Fig.

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