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Digital Voltmeter.

This article aims to construct a digital voltmeter using the elementary
concepts of embedded systems. The construction is made using a display unit,
a microcontroller (AT89C51) and an analog to digital convertor (ADC).
A voltmeter is a device which is used for measuring the electric potential
difference between two points in an electrical circuit. At first analog
voltmeters were used where a pointer indicated the value on a scale. By using
these, the voltage value can be found but not accurately. Then digital
voltmeters were introduced which are now widely used in most of the electric
or electronic labs.
The digital voltmeter is constructed by using an analog to digital converter.
The input is given in analog form which is converted to digital form by using a
successive approximation converter (ADC 0804). The input voltage is
restricted between 0V and 5V as the range of this is 0-5V. Digital voltmeters
also have input amplifiers for constant input regard less of set measurement
range. The voltage given as input is read by microcontroller and displayed by
using the display unit i.e. 7-segment led display unit. The input is desired to be
a D.C. voltage for steady observations on the display panel. Rather if A.C.
voltage is applied the output varies constantly. Thus D.C. voltage is preferred
as input.