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• Sugar is a vital ingredient in most of out daily
consumption articles. For example: Soft drinks,
juices, tea, biscuits, sweetmeats, bakery items,
deserts, pharmaceutical industry, etc.

• It is a vital need more than a want to our society.

• The Sugar industry in Pakistan is the Second
largest agro based industry after Textiles.

• Pakistan is an important cane producing

country and is ranked fifth in world cane
acreage and 15th in sugar production.

• Its share in value added of agriculture and GDP

are 3.4 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively.
• During the year 1997-1998 there were 75 sugar mills in
the country and it produces 2.4 million metric tons sugar.

• Sugarcane is grown on over a million hectares and

provides the raw material for Pakistan’s 77 sugar mills.

• Dewan Sugar Mills Limited established as a public limited

company in 1982 is one of the largest sugar mills of
Pakistan having a cane crushing capacity of over 9,000
tons per day.

• Apart from the four mills located in the North West

Frontier Province which are based on sugar beet, all
others use sugar cane as the raw material.
Sugar Mills of Pakistan
Manufacturing Process:
• Sampling.
• Cleaning.
• Slicing.
• Diffusion.
• Purification.
• Evaporation.
• Crystallization.
**A number of chemicals including lime, sulphur,
phosphoric acid, bleaching powder,
polyelectrolyte, floatation aid and decolourant are
used in sugar making process.
Present & Future
• Total per capita refined sugar consumption is estimated at 25
kilograms, based on improved domestic supply and strong

• MY 2009/10 sugar consumption is forecast at 4.35 MMT. Total

per capita refined sugar consumption is estimated at 25
kilograms, based on improved domestic supply and strong

• According to a rough estimate by year 2020 the country will

need about 5.5 million tons of sugar to meet the national
demands and require 1.5 million hectares of area under sugar
cane crop compared to now of 1 million hectare.
Present & Future
• MY 2008/09, sugarcane production is estimated at 51.5
MMT, a decrease of 19 percent over the previous year due
to both a reduction in area harvested and yield.

• MY 2009/10 sugar cane production is forecast at 53.6

MMT, an increase of 4 percent over the previous year due
to an expected increase in area and yield.

• The Agriculture Ministry and the Pakistan Sugar Mills

Association have initiated a sugar crop development
project. Punjab and Sindh Provinces have already
conducted research in the cultivation of sugar beet.
Results have been encouraging. Industrial adoption and
commercialization of sugar beet requires additional
research as well as comprehensive planning on the part of
government, industry and the farm community to make
cultivation of this potential crop a success.
Production Policy
• The Government of Pakistan (GOP) is striving to achieve self-
sufficiency and sustainability in sugar. The sugar industry is
looking for added value and by-products, as well as reducing
costs and promoting cultivation of high sucrose cane.

• The Government supports cane production by setting an

indicative price, which is announced either before or after
planting. The Federal government authorizes Provincial
governments to fix respective cane prices in consultation
with representatives of both the sugar industry and farmer

• The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock (MINFAL) is in

consultation with the Pakistan Sugar Mills Association (PSMA)
in an effort to increase sugarcane productivity and to
increase the capacity of sugar mills which are currently
operating at 50 percent.
Sugarcane Area &
production By Province
(In MT ‘000’)
Indicative Prices of
Sugarcane by Province
By-Products of Sugar
• Bagasse: Cane
- It is produced in the mill house in a quantity of about 30% of the crushed cane.
- The bagasse contains 50% moisture
- It is used as a fuel for boilers (processing stage).
- Bagasse is also used for chip-board and paper manufacture.

• Molasses:
- Molasses is a common ingredient in baking, often used in baked goods such as
ginger bread cookies.
- 80% of total available molasses is exported.

• Press Mud:
- Press mud is a very valuable source of fertilizing organic matter.
- This product is very useful for higher yield per hectare and improvement of
sugar content.

• Ethanol:
⁻ Ethanol fuel for vehicles is made from sugar cane.
⁻ The renewable fuel could then be used for automotive and jet engines with no
performance trade-offs.
⁻ Energy fuel derived form sugar cane offers the advantage of significantly
reduced emissions.
Year Wise Molasses
Production and Ethanol
(Figures in Thousand Metric
- Most of population live in rural areas that’s why labor is cheap.
- Cultivatable land is available for the production.
- Large domestic market is available.

⁻ We do not have proper recycling system which results in
high water consumption.
⁻ We do not tune-up boilers periodically that causes emission
of gases.
⁻ Low yield.
⁻ Farmers are using old technology for production.
⁻ Sucrose recovery rate is less than international standard.

- We can increase per yield production by using new technologies

and fertilizers.
- We can shift towards beet production as it is more cheaper.
- We can earn foreign exchange by exporting surplus sugar.
- Rather than exporting raw material we can add value to it.

• Threats

- The production of sugar cane decreases the productivity of land.

- As sugar cane crop requires a lot of water, increase in production
may create shortage of water for other crops.
Sugar Crisis
• The country is facing the worst sugar crisis in its history with
the price of sugar touching Rs. 54 per kg in the retail market
and Rs. 52 per kg in the wholesale.

• Sugar prices have risen because of the demand-supply

situation. The supply in the market is not enough to meet
the current demand.

• Production of sugar cane is declining because the land used

for farming is now being used for other purposes. Besides,
sugar cane is now grown on lesser and lesser area with each
passing year in Sindh due to scarcity of irrigation water.

• Sugar shortage will be on the rise every year because of the

reduced area of sugarcane crop and steady growth in
• The main reason for the current rise in sugar prices
are created by the hoarders, wholesalers and the
mill owners.

• The increase in sugar price had adversely affected

the biscuit industry, as 155 out of the 250 units in
the country had been forced to shut down.

• Sweets which were earlier being sold at Rs150 to

Rs180 per kg are now being sold at Rs260 to Rs300
per Kg.

• To meet the current demand, government have to

import sugar from abroad, which would have a
negative influence on the country's trade balance.
• The Government should facilitate improved varieties of
sugar cane having higher sucrose recovery through
Agriculture Research Institutes and more effective measures
required for disease control and better pesticides used.
• Availability of adequate supply of water, appropriate use of
fertilizer and proper spraying of insecticides & pesticides can
improve yield per hectare.

• Gur production should be banned during the sugarcane

crushing season so that maximum sugarcane is made
available to sugar manufacturers.

• Improvement in procurement and storage to reduce

• Development of Industries for proper utilization of by-
products which can earn enhance revenues.

• Use sugar beet as a supplement to sugar cane for sugar

• Sugar industry has a potential to achieve heights
in Pakistan if major steps are taken into
consideration in this regard.
• Sugar industry being the second largest agro
based industry faces a lot of problems and if steps
for its betterment are not taken this industry can
collapse which will result in importing sugar from
foreign countries and would eventually result in an
increase in the trade deficit.
• Other than sugar we can diversify and produce
Ethanol which has been proved to be very helpful
in developing economies and ease our import bill.