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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014

KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA
NKRA – PENDIDIKAN

LINUS2.0 (LITERASI BAHASA INGGERIS)

MANUAL
PENTADBIRAN INSTRUMEN
LITERASI MEMBACA
TAHUN 1
2014

(SARINGAN 2)

*Sila rujuk dokumen ini sebelum dan semasa mentadbir instrumen
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
KANDUNGAN
Kaedah Pentadbiran 3 - 6
 Prosedur Pentadbiran Instrumen
 Penggunaan Manual
 Tatacara Pengisian Borang Pelaporan Penguasaan Individu (BPPI)
 Penetapan Murid ke Program LINUS2.0 atau Arus Perdana

Pentadbiran Instrumen 7 - 18
 Konstruk
 Arahan Guru
 Tindakan Murid






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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
KAEDAH PENTADBIRAN INSTRUMEN LITERASI MEMBACA

PERKARA KAEDAH PENTADBIRAN

Pentadbiran

 Instrumen literasi membaca mengandungi 12 konstruk.
 Instrumen ini ditadbir secara lisan secara berterusan semasa waktu Bahasa Inggeris.
 Instrumen ini ditadbir mengikut urutan konstruk.
 Setelah kesemua konstruk ditaksir, pentaksir boleh mengulang mana-mana konstruk yang belum
dikuasai oleh murid.
 Murid boleh memberi respons secara mengeja dan membaca.
 Dicadangkan murid duduk bersebelahan pentaksir ketika pentaksiran dilaksanakan.
 Pentadbiran instrumen ini haruslah dilakukan secara telus dan jujur.
 Kesemua konstruk hendaklah ditaksir dalam tempoh yang ditetapkan.
 Setiap konstruk yang disaring hendaklah diisi dalam Borang Pelaporan Penguasaan Individu
(BPPI).

Penggunaan Manual

 Manual Literasi Membaca ini perlu dirujuk oleh pentaksir.
 Manual ini merupakan panduan mentaksir 12 konstruk Literasi Membaca dan skema jawapan
disertakan.
 Pentaksir hendaklah membaca manual ini dengan teliti dan memahaminya sebelum mentadbir
instrumen.
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014

Cara Mengisi Borang
Pelaporan
Penguasaan Individu
(BPPI)

 Borang Pelaporan Penguasaan Individu adalah dokumen rasmi dan wajib diisi oleh pentaksir
dengan jelas dan telus. Borang ini mestilah diisi menggunakan dakwat kekal (pen).
 Pentaksir perlu melengkapkan BPPI dengan nama murid, kelas dan tahun.
 Pentaksir perlu mencatat penguasaan murid bagi setiap konstruk pada ruang yang disediakan.
 Pada akhir tahun BPPI yang telah lengkap diisi hendaklah disimpan dalam fail peribadi murid
untuk tujuan rujukan.
 BPPI hendaklah dibekalkan kepada murid yang berpindah.
 Tahap penguasaan minimum bagi Literasi Membaca dan Menulis adalah seperti berikut:

Konstruk
Saringan 2 Penguasaan Saringan 2
Membaca Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
Menulis Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
1
3
4

3
4
 
2
3
4

3
4
 
3
2
3

2
3
 
4
2
3

2
3
 
5
2
3

2
3
 
6
2
3

2
3
 
7
3
4

3
4
 
8
2
3

2
3
 
9
2
3

2
3
 
10
3
4

3
4
 
11
2
3

2
3
 
12
2
3

2
3
 

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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014

Penetapan Murid ke
Program LINUS2.0
atau Arus Perdana

 Penguasaan konstruk dalam kedua-dua literasi membaca dan menulis diambilkira bagi
menentukan sama ada murid memasuki Program LINUS2.0 atau mengikuti Arus Perdana.
 Murid yang memasuki Program LINUS2.0
o Tidak menguasai mana-mana konstruk 1 hingga konstruk 12.

Contoh:
Konstruk
Saringan 2 Penguasaan Saringan 2
Membaca Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
Menulis Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
1
3
4

3
4
 
2
3
4

3
4
 
3
3
3

2
3
 
4
1
3

2
3
 
5
2
3

1
3
 
6
2
3

2
3
 
7
3
4

3
4
 
8
2
3

2
3
 
9
2
3

2
3
 
10
1
4

3
4
 
11
2
3

1
3
 
12
1
3

1
3
 

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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014


 Murid yang memasuki Arus Perdana
o Menguasai kesemua konstruk 1 hingga konstruk 12

Contoh:
Konstruk
Saringan 2 Penguasaan Saringan 2
Membaca Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
Menulis Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
Kuasai
Belum
Kuasai
1
3
4

3
4
 
2
4
4

3
4
 
3
3
3

3
3
 
4
3
3

3
3
 
5
2
3

3
3
 
6
3
3

2
3
 
7
4
4

4
4
 
8
3
3

3
3
 
9
3
3

2
3
 
10
3
4

3
4
 
11
2
3

3
3
 
12
2
3

3
3
 




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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
PENTADBIRAN INSTRUMEN
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C1: Able to identify and
distinguish letters of
the alphabet.


Explanation:
Ability to identify and
distinguish the shapes of
letters.

1. Teacher guides the pupil to read the
given letters by reading the example.



Example:










1. Pupil reads the given letters correctly.


1.








* Teacher should accept both variations of
the letter ‘z” (American ‘zee” or British
‘zed”)

Note:
This item carries 4 marks.
Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 3
out of 4 to pass this construct.


2.
3.
4.

p
j
m
k z
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C2: Able to associate
sounds with the letters of
the alphabet.


Explanation:
Ability to say aloud the
sounds of the phonemes.

1. Teacher points to the alphabet and
prompts the pupil to say the sounds of
the phonemes aloud, using the example
given.


Example:











1. Pupil says aloud the sounds of the
phonemes: / e /, / n /, / k /, / d /

















Note:
This item carries 4 marks.
Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 3
out of 4 to pass this construct.
1.
3.
2.
4.
n e
t
ck d
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C3: Able to blend
phonemes into
recognizable words.


Explanation:
Ability to blend sounds of
phonemes into
recognisable words.

1. Teacher guides the pupil to blend the
sounds using the example given.


2. Teacher accepts pupil’s response if the
pupil can read the word as a whole.


Example:


sat

/ s / / a / / t /






1. Pupil blends the phonemes and says
the words aloud.


2. Pupil should be allowed to say the
whole word aloud without spelling it.


1.

/ m / / a / / n /

2.

/ k / / I / / t /

3.

/ k / / Ʌ / / p /






Note:

This item carries 3 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out of 3 to pass this construct.

s a t
m a n
k i t
c u p
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C4: Able to segment
words into phonemes.


Explanation:
Ability to segment words
into phonemes to spell.



1. Teacher shows the words to the pupil.

2. Teacher guides the pupil using the
example given.

Example:



rat = / r / / æ / / t /







1. Pupil says the words then sounds the
given phonemes.

2. Pupil should be allowed to say the
whole word aloud without segmenting
it.


1. pet = / p / / e / / t /

2. fox = / f / / ɒ / / ks /

3. duck = / d / / Ʌ / / k /










Note:

This item carries 3 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out of 3 to pass this construct.
11

Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C5: Able to understand
and use the language at
word level.


Explanation:
Ability to understand and
use the language at
word level.

1. Teacher points to the picture and asks
the pupil to point to the correct words
and read them aloud.

Example:

1.










1. Pupil points to the correct words. Pupil
reads them aloud.

1.





2.





3.






Note:

This item carries 3 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out of 3 to pass this construct.

pan
can
fan





map
man
mat
ten
pen
pet
pin
bin

tin
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C6: Able to participate
in daily conversations
using appropriate
phrases.


Explanation:
Ability to participate in
daily conversations using
appropriate phrases.


1. Teacher asks pupil to read and choose
the correct responses.

2. Teacher provides guidance by reading
the sentences in the stimulus aloud.





1. Pupil points to the correct responses
and read them aloud.




















Note:

This item carries 3 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out 3 marks to pass this construct.
Teacher: You are late today.
Rami :
Lim : Thank you.
Devi :

Lang : Please come in.
Fifi : ________________________
Teacher: You are late today.
Rami : I am sorry, teacher.
Lim : Thank you.
Devi : You are welcome.
Lang : Please come in.
Fifi : Thank you.
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C7: Able to understand
and use the language at
phrase level in linear
texts.


Explanation:
Ability to understand and
use the language at
phrase level in linear
texts.

1. Teacher shows the pictures and phrases.

2. Teacher may guide the pupil to read
the phrases by pointing to the picture.

3. Teacher may prompt by asking these
questions:
Picture 1: What is this?
Picture 2: What is this?
Picture 3: What is she doing?
Picture 4: What are these?













1. Pupil points to the correct phrases and
read them aloud.





.

















Note:

This item carries 4 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 3
out of 4 to pass this construct.




a glass of water
a cup of tea
a bowl of soup
a plate of rice
clapping hands
snapping fingers
seven pens
four pencils
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C8: Able to understand
and use the language at
phrase level in non-
linear texts.


Explanation:
Ability to understand and
use the language at
phrase level in non-linear
texts.

1. Teacher asks the following questions:


a. What animal can you see in the picture?
b. What is the girl doing?
c. What is the boy doing?


2. Teacher guides the pupil by pointing to
the picture when asking questions.


1. Pupil points to the correct answers and
reads them aloud.

1. What animal can you see in the
picture?
a rabbit

2. What is the girl doing?
she skips

3. What is the boy doing?
going up the stairs








Note:

This item carries 3 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out 3 marks to pass this construct.
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C9: Able to read and
understand sentences.

Explanation:
Ability to read aloud
sentences with
guidance.

1. Teacher may guide the pupil to read
the entire paragraph aloud and prompt
when necessary.

2. Teacher may give guidance by
blending phonemes and segmenting
words.

*Only one error or mispronounced word in
each sentence is accepted.











1. Pupil reads the sentences in the
paragraph aloud.


















Note:

This item carries 3 marks.

Each sentence carries 1 mark.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out 3 marks to pass this construct.
Adam has a tin.
It is an old tin.
The old tin is on the mat.

Adam has a tin.
It is an old tin.
The old tin is on the mat.

16

Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C10: Able to understand
and use the language at
sentence level in non-
linear texts.

Explanation:
Ability to read sentences
and point to the correct
pictures that describe
them correctly.











1. Teacher asks the pupil to read each
sentence aloud and then point to the
correct picture.
2. Teacher may give guidance by
blending phonemes or segmenting
words.

1.

2.

3.

4.

1. Pupil reads each sentence and points
to the correct picture.














Note:
This item carries 4 marks.

Each sentence carries 1 mark.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 3
out of 4 to pass this construct.




Kamal washes the cup.
He eats a bun.
Kamal comes home.
He drinks some tea.
Kamal comes home.
He eats a bun.
He drinks some tea.
Kamal washes the cup.
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Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C11: Able to understand
and use the language at
paragraph level in linear
texts.

Explanation:
Ability to read and
understand sentences in
a paragraph.

1. Teacher asks pupil to read the
sentences aloud.
2. Teacher provides guidance by
prompting where necessary.




She is Ani.
Ani has a doll.
She loves her doll.
3. Teacher asks these questions:
1. Who is this?
2. What does she have?
3. Does she love her doll?




1. Pupil reads the sentences in the
paragraph aloud and answers the
questions read by the teacher orally.

1. Who is this?
Answers : She is Ani.
This is Ani.
Ani.
*Any acceptable answers.

2. What does she have?
Answers : Doll.
A doll.
She has a doll.
Ani has a doll.
*Any acceptable answers.

3. Does she love her doll?
Answers : Yes, she does.
Yes.
She loves her doll.
*Any acceptable answers.



Note:
This item carries 3 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out 3 marks to pass this construct.

18

Manual Instrumen Membaca
Saringan 2, Tahun 1 (2014)
© Hak Cipta Kerajaan Malaysia 2014
TUGASAN
(KONSTRUK)
ARAHAN GURU TINDAKAN MURID

C12: Able to construct
sentences with
guidance.


Explanation:
Ability to string words
given into sentences and
read them aloud.

1. Teacher guides the pupil to read the
words in the substitution table.
2. Teacher may guide the pupil by
pointing to the words and the picture
given.
3. Teacher may use the picture to prompt.


Example:


This is a chair.












1. Pupil constructs sentences by using the
substitution table.















Note:
This item carries 3 marks.

Pupil needs to get a minimum score of 2
out 3 marks to pass this construct.
Siti
likes to
jog.
Ali read.
Chong sing.



Siti Ali Chong

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