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You are on page 1of 29

**REPRESENTING PROPORTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH EQUATIONS
**

Objective

What does this mean?

You will use the constant of proportionality to

represent proportional relationships by equations in

real-world contexts as they relate the equations to a

corresponding ratio table and/or graphical

representation.

Take a look at the Opening Exercise.

Does it matter which variable is

dependent or independent?

No. The number of birdhouses made could depend

on how much time Jackson can work or the amount

of time he works could depend on how many

birdhouses he needs to make.

If it is important to determine the

number of birdhouses that can be

built in one hour, what is the constant

of proportionality?

=

.

What does that mean in the

context of this situation?

It means that Jackson can build 1.4 birdhouses in

one hour or one entire birdhouse and part of a

second birdhouse in one hour.

If it is important to determine the

number of hours it takes to build

one birdhouse, what is the

constant of proportionality?

=

.

This means that it takes him

of

an hour to complete one

birdhouse. We can multiply

(60)

to determine how many minutes

it takes to complete one

birdhouse. Everyone do this.

(60) = 43

It takes 43 minutes to

complete one birdhouse.

This part of the problem asks you to write

an equation that will let Jackson

determine how long it will take him to

build any number of birdhouses, so we

want to know the value of H. This forces H

to be the dependent variable and B to be

the independent variable. Our constant of

proportionality will be…

=

=

=

**With your group,
**

complete parts b,

c, and d.

Take a look at

the second

example.

Which makes more sense: to use a

unit rate of “ears of corn per

dollar” or of “dollars (or cents)

per ear of corn”?

The cost per ear of corn makes more sense because

corn is sold as an entire ear of corn, not part of an

ear of corn.

Based on the previous question,

which will be the independent

variable?

The independent variable will be the

number of ears of corn.

Which will be the dependent

variable and why?

The cost will be the dependent

variable because the cost depends on

the number of ears of corn

purchased.

Select any two pairs of numbers

from either Al’s Produce Stand

or Barbara’s Produce Stand to

calculate the constant of

proportionality (k=

).

What did you get for the constant

of proportionality for Al’s Produce

Stand?

.25

What did you get for the constant

of proportionality for Barbara’s

Produce Stand?

.24

How do you write the equation

for a proportional relationship?

y = kx

What is the equation for Al’s

Produce Stand?

y = .25x

What is the equation for Barbara’s

Produce Stand?

y = .24x

In your groups,

compute the

missing values in

the table.

What type of relationship can be modeled

using an equation in the form y=kx, and

what do you need to know to write an

equation in this form?

A proportional relationship can be modeled

using an equation in the form y=kx. You need

to know the constant of proportionality, which

is represented by k in the equation.

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