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Objective

To understand histogram

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Date: 07/12/09 , ISO No

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Why would you like to use this tool (deliverables)?
• To display and understand how a set of data points are distributed. • To illustrate the variability in a process.

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Date: 07/12/09 , ISO No

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When would you use this tool (context)?
• When you want to understand if a process is under control. • When analysing a process. • When you want to validate process changes. • When monitoring a process on a continuous basis.

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Date: 07/12/09 , ISO No

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How to use this tool (steps)?
1 Collect the data – measurements of the variable you arewishing to present in the form of a histogram. 2 Define a range for the histogram – upper and lower limits that include all of the data points. 3 Divide the range into a number of equal intervals. Use 5 to 7 intervals if less than 50 data points have been collected; 10 to 20 intervals for more than 250 data points. 4 Count the number of data points (occurrences) in each interval and construct the histogram – see below. 5 Write the Number (N) of data points collected on the histogram.
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Date: 07/12/09 , ISO No

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How to make the best use of the tool (tips and traps)?
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Use it in conjunction with a controlchart.

• Do not always expect the histogram to take the shape of a perfect bell curve. • Ask the help of a statistical expert if you have problems.

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Date: 07/12/09 , ISO No

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What could be done next?

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Use the histogram to monitor the variability of a process.

• Histograms can help eliminate problems if a process is not under control.

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Date: 07/12/09 , ISO No

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