Acute viral disease caused by mumps

virus, a member of the paramyxovirus
The disease is characterized by fever,
swelling and tenderness of the salivary
glands mainly the parotid gland but
sublingual and sub-maxillary glands may
also be involved. Sub-clinical infection is
common and may occur in about 30% of
exposed susceptibles.
The main complications are
1. Orchitis in males which may occur in
15-25% of cases and oopharitis in
about 5% of female cases. Sterility is
one but rare complication.
2. Aseptic meningitis.
3. Others such as deafness, nephritis,
neuritis, arthritis, thyroiditis and
Mumps during pregnancy may increase
the risk of abortion , but no evidence
Suggest that it causes congenital

Reservoir: Man
Mode of transmission: Droplet and
direct contact with saliva of infected
Incubation period: 2-3 weeks, commonly
18 days.
Period of communicability: From six
days before the appearance of swelling
till 9 days after. A school child is isolated
for 10-14 days.
Susceptibility is general and natural
immunity is life long.
1. Active immunization with live
attenuated vaccine given any time
after the first year of life either as
single or in combination with the
vaccines of measles and German
measles the so called MMR.
The vaccine is protective in 95% but
contraindicated in pregnancy and
immunocompromized persons.
Control of patients, contacts and
1. Notification to local health authority
2. Isolation for 9 days from the start of
the swelling.
3. Concurrent disinfection.
4. Immunization of susceptible contacts.

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