ENERGY CONSERVATION

PRESENTATION BY ROLL NO. - 25,26,27,28. DIV. – H BRANCH - CIVIL

INDEX
1. ENERGY TYPES 2. ENERGY FORMS 3. HOW DOES WE USE IT? 4. WHY TO CONSERVE ENERGY? 5. EFFECTS 6. EASY SOLUTIONS 7. SUMMARY

renewable

Nonrenewable

• Renewable energy can be generated continuously practically without decay of source. E.g.• Solar Energy • Wind Energy • Geothermal Energy • Hydro Energy

Renewable Energy

• Solar energy can be converted into electrical energy by using solar panels, or alternatively, be used as thermal energy using solar water heaters, solar cookers etc.

Solar Energy

• India is world’s third largest producer of electricity generation using wind power by wind mills.

Wind Energy

• A lot of energy exists inside earth crust. Natural hot water springs are a good source of getting such energy.

Geothermal Energy

• Using dams, water is allowed to pass through turbine blades, which produces electricity. In India, after coal, most of the energy is produced by this method.

Hydro Energy

• Non renewable energy cannot be generated again and again, e.g. energy generated from combustion of fossil fuels, energy from coal and gas etc.

Non Renewable Energy

Radiant

Electrical Electrical

Chemical Chemical

Sound

Mechanical Thermal Thermal Nuclear Nuclear Magnetic

HOW DOES WE USE IT?

Equipment Zero watt bulb Mosquito Repellents Mobile charger Voltage stabilizer UPS Inverter Cable set top box

Power Consumption in Watts 12 W 10 W 5W 25 W 40 W 25 W

Equipment running in stand by mode

Power Consumption in Watts 27 W 12 W 6W 5W 22 W

Compact audio system DVD, CD, VCD player Microwave oven Inkjet printer TV

EMBEDDED ENERGY (TYPICAL HOUSE) Floor External Wall Roof Structure Windows 8% Substructure Ceiling Finishes 1% Floor Finishes Internal Walls Wall Finishes 4% 1% 8% 7% 29% 27% 14% GLOBAL FRESH WATER USE DOMESTIC INDUSTRY AGRICULTURE 69% 8% 23%

ENERGY USE WATER USE WC Bathing External 3% Kitchen Wash basin Others 16% 9% 1% 33% 17% Water Heating 12% Cooking Appliances 15% Cooking Gas Pumps Lighting 17% Air Conditioning 37% 1% 18%

The Data Indicates…
• Asian Energy Sources released: 1256.4 million metric tons of Methane 3228 thousand metric tons of Nitrous Oxide 1021.1 million metric tons of Carbon Dioxide 1242.4 million metric tons (carbon dioxide equivalent) of Hydrofluorocarbons, Perfluorocarbons, and Sulfur Hexafluoride

WHY TO CONSERVE?

• We have limited fuels available on earth. • Our demand for energy is increasing day-by-day. • It is possible that someday, most of fuels will be exhausted, and we will have to switch over to alternate energy.

Why to Conserve?

Why Is Energy Conservation Important?
• Energy production has negative effects on the environment and human health

WHY ENERGY EFFICIENCY?
 Country facing power shortages Peak Shortage – 13% Average Shortage – 8%  Additional power required by 2012, 1 lakh MW Approximately 8,00,000 crores investment  India’s energy Intensive for unit of GDP is higher by 3.7 times of Japan, 1.48 times of Asia & 1.5 times of USA  Higher wastage of energy.  Very high energy saving potential.

EFFECTS

EFFECTS ON AIR
Air Quality Smog
NOx and SOx
In the United States, about 2/3 of all sulfur dioxide and ¼ of all nitrogen oxide comes from electric power generation that relies on burning fossil fuels like coal

Particulate Matter
A mixture of particles that can adversely affect health

Toxins
Arsenic and Mercury

Why Do Greenhouse Gases Matter?

Courtesy of tiscali.reference

Why Do Greenhouse Gases Matter?
• Historic link between carbon dioxide concentration and temperature rise

What Does the World Look Like with Global Warming?
• One study suggests that with minimal climate warming,18% of the species studied would become Sea extinct; with moderate climate warming, about Ice 1979 25% would become extinct; and with maximum warming, 35% would become extinct • The climate of Greenland may warm enough during the next few centuries to eventually eliminate the Greenland ice sheet, raising sea level by 7 meters (23 feet) • Sea ice cover in the Arctic is declining by 9 percent per decade • The number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes has Ice Sea increased by 80 percent worldwide during the2003 past 35 years
1

2

3

4

EASY

SOLUTIONS

Energy Item
Lighting

Easy Solutions-No Cost
Action Savings
Turn lights off when not Up to 8-20% of lighting in use, and use energy daylighting

Heating/Air Conditioning Set thermostat as low as For each degree, up to possible 5% savings Heating, Ventilation and Limit after school Up to 25% of heating/ Air Conditioning activities to as few cooling costs heating/cooling zones as possible Heating, Ventilation and Do not block air flow to Up to 10% of heating/ Air Conditioning cooling costs

HVAC vents

Heating, Ventilation and Keep doors/windows 1-25% of space Air Conditioning closed while HVAC runs conditioning energy usage Office Equipment Turn off machines when Up to 10% of building not in use energy usage

Easy Solutions-Low Cost
Energy Item
Lighting

Action
Replace incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent Replace incandescent exit signs with LED lamps Use more task-lighting and less overhead

Savings
Up to 50% of lighting energy Up to 5% of lighting energy 25-50% of lighting energy Up to 10% of space conditioning energy

Lighting

Lighting

Heating, Ventilation and Perform scheduled Air Conditioning maintenance

Heating, Ventilation and Install locking covers on Up to 10% of system Air Conditioning thermostats energy usage All Uses Select student energy team to monitor Up to 15% of total facility energy usage

Easy Solutions-Investments
Energy Item
Lighting Lighting

Action
Replace T-12 fixtures with T-8's & electronic ballasts

Savings
Up to 20-30% of lighting energy

Replace mercury vapor Up to 10% of lighting fixtures in gyms or outdoors energy with metal halide, highpressure sodium or T8 or T5 high output fluorescents Install occupancy sensors

Lighting

Up to 20% of lighting energy 10-30% of space conditioning usage 20-30% of space conditioning energy usage

Heating, Ventilation and Install ENERGY STAR ®labeled programmable Air Conditioning
thermostats

Heating, Ventilation and Install ENERGY STAR ®labeled equipment. Air Conditioning Air Conditioning

Install ENERGY STAR ®- Up to 10% of air labeled roofing material with conditioning energy high reflectance usage

Energy Star
• Products meet strict energy efficiency standards set by US EPA and the US Department of Energy • In 2005 the US saved enough energy to: Avoid greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to those from 23 million cars Saved $12 billion on utility bills Helped avoid 28,000 megawatts (MW) of peak power

• Create signs to educate about saving energy • Write articles in the school paper • Research projects examining energy usage over time • Contests between student groups • Science projects dealing with energy

Student Involvement

Recycling is an excellent way of saving energy and conserving the environment. Did you know that:  1 recycled tin can would save enough energy to power a television for 3 hours.  1 recycled glass bottle would save enough energy to power a computer for 25 minutes.  1 recycled plastic bottle would save enough energy to power a 60-watt light bulb for 3 hours.  70% less energy is required to recycle paper compared with making it from raw materials.

You can directly contribute by 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. By switching of lights when not required. Using refills instead of buying a new pen. Buying materials in bulk/without packing By growing plants. By being vegetarian also you save energy By encouraging foods made of jowar, bajra, instead of rice. 7. By not wasting food. 8. By using CFL bulbs or tubes.

1. You save energy and protect the environment when you use 2. DIGITAL CAMERAS 3. LCD MONITORS 4. LNG OR CNG OR HYBRID OR ELECTRIC VEHICLES 5. MECHANICAL PENCILS 6. RECYCLED PAPER FOLDERS/PRODUCTS 7. OIL LAMPS INSTEAD OF WAX CANDLES 8. COPPER BOTTOMED STAINLESS STEEL UTENSILS

Water is precious - it's a miracle Water is precious - it's life Water is precious - let's keep it clean Water is our most precious drink Water is our treasure – Let’s preserve it Water is healing

People use water in many different ways, we need it to survive, and if it wasn’t for the water cycle cycling through, we probably wouldn’t exist.

Turn off tap while cleaning your teeth, shaving or washing your face. You can waste can up to 9 litres a minute by just letting the water pour down the sink.

Take a short shower rather than a bath could save you up to 400 litres a week. If you do have baths, just half fill them.

Only use the washing machine and the dishwasher when you can put on a full load. It wastes both water and energy to run only a half full machine

Use a broom and bucket of water for washing down the patio rather than a steady flow of water from the hose.

Use a sponge and bucket of water to clean your car or if you use the hose, ensure you use a shut off nozzle so the water is not constantly running.

Fix any dripping tap, you can waste 90 litres a week

• We should discuss energy conservation with our friends and tell others how can we reduce energy consumption.

What Else can be Done?

SUMMARY

In Summary…
•Energy production includes environmental and human health costs.

Asthma Global Warming Cancer

Energy Production
Acid Rain Smog Neurological Toxins

In Summary…
• You have the power to make a difference
“Humankind has not woven the web of life.  We are but one thread within it.  Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves.  All things are bound together.  All things connect.”  ~Chief Seattle, 1855

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