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XXXl4, 65-79, 1994 npOKT(KO 7'" Erl({JTTWOVlKOO LLN£opiov, 8woaAoviKl1, MUlOt; 1994

BulieUn of the Geological Society of Greece vol, XXXl4, 65-79, 1994 Proceedings of the 7" Congress, Thessaloniki, May 1994

rEQITEPIBAnhONTOhOrlKA llPOBhHMATA ETH NHEO ZAKYN00 EYNOllTIKH 0EQPHEH

E. 1\Exxac;-*

ABSTRACT

The geoenvironmental problems that may occur on Zakynthos islands are described, In particular, the author examines and locates: the action of active faults, seismicity data, liquefaction phenomena, landslides, rockfalls, tsunamis, the activity of currents, the pollution due to geological factors and the degradation of subsurface water. The geoenvironmental problems can have considerable impact on both the natural environment itself and the human activities. It is verified that, through appropriate urban planning and rationalised management of the environmental factors, these impacts can be reasonably reduced.

EYNOWH

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University of Athens, Dept. of Geology, 157 84 ATHENS Greece

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69

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ElK. 2: 0 P11~ly£vi]<; 10TO<; 1<1<; ZO"Kvv8ov (l\EKKAI:, 1993) Kat to 0111-l0V1lKOtEPO e v e ovo privuo r o - P11~tYEV£l<; ~t.:lv£<; (hlTovo<; aVp~OAtOI-lO<;).

Fig. 2: The fault fabric of Zakynthos (LEKKAS, 1993). The most important active faults - fault zones are shown in heavy print.

2. EEIEMIKOTHTA

Onw~ £lvat yvw016 ~ v~oo~ ZO:Kvv80~ 011.11.0: Kat Y£VtK6T£pa ~ 6VltK~ EAAaoa rIopOVOta(£l VWIlArl 0£LOjJlK611l10: £~O:t110:~ 11le: Y£lTV[O:OI'!e: tilt;" )JE to )Jf1WrIO OUYKpOVOnt;" TWV OVO Al80o~O:lPIKWV nAO:KWv Tilt;" EvpWnalKrle: KO:L Tnt;" A~plxavlK~~. Ot [XOIlAOVIlEVO\ OElO}.JOL [XOVV oo~ap6tat£~ £nlnTWO£LC;- 01LC;- aVepwnlV£C;opa01npl0111Tf.<; KO:l tv ytVtl OTllv aAAo[wo~ TOV nEpl~O:AAOV10~ Kal TIl~ IOtOptKI'!e: ~VO I OYVW\.ll o:c;- . Eup~(.)vo: jJ E 1 a V~ I 01ajJ Eva O£OOjJ tva (nAnAZAXOE & DADAZAXOY, 1989) o:n6 10 1469 jJ.X. jJtxPt 0rljJ£pa txovv nArl~EI til ZaKVVeO tov1l.aXtOl0v 15 \.H:yO:AEC;- OEtOjJIKt~ KIV·~OEIC;-P£ onuov t c x r c av8pwrrlv£~ 0:11.11.0: xo i VAIKt~ cmwAElE~. To nAtov rIPOO~O:10 napao£lYjJa o:noT£A00v Ol O£IOpO[ 10V AVyovOTov TOV 1953 xo t o TOVe; ono [ove; 10vAax LOTOV 20 CtVepWrIO l OKolw811Kav EVW uo vo £ACtX tOT E<; KCltC<OX£vte; ant~vyav TIlV K61app£vOIl.

Elx. 30: XOPl11<; I-lEytOtOv ovol-lEv6pEVOU OEtOl-lLK00 pEytBou<; OInV Z6Kuv80 PE 90% nl8av6111tO P11 vntp~aoll<; Kala TO En61-lEva 75 xp6vla.

~. XapT11<; PEYIOtrl<; oval-l£v6p£V11<; rOWptK!l<; £nlToxvvOll<; (cm/sec2), PE 90% n t Bovot 11 I a Pfl vntp(\aoI1<; K01:6- 10" En61-lEVa 50 Xp6v I a (BOY i\rAPHL, 1991).

Fig. 3a: Map of maximum expected magnitude, with more than 90% certainty that it will not be exceeded for the next 75 years.

b. Map of maximum expected ground acceleration, with more than 90% certainty that it will not be exceeded for the next 50 years IVOULGARIS, 19911.

70

napa TO YEYOVO~ OTl CXPKEIt~ tptVVE~ EK1[pnOn~ tn~ orlo~lKh~ EnlKlv5vv6tnta~ KOI ~E[WOn~ IOU OELOPlKOU KIV6uvov f',p[OKOVTCXL OE £~tAL~1l TOOO 011l vnoo ZaKvv80 600 xo i o t riv EVpUTl:pn nl:plOXrl u r o npOocpcnll tpEvva (BOYlIfAPHl:, 1991) rowo!: OPlOJl(VE~ TLJlt~ Ol orto Lr o OLayp&<pouv).lt OXEl:IKCX AEnTO',lrprl tp6no Ta UCPloTCx).lEVa OloLXfia orloptK011l1a~. ETOL AOtnOV 10 ).ltYlOIO ava).lEv6).lEVO JltYEeO~ pr nL8avolllla 90% ',lll untp000n~ Kal& 10 rnO',ltva 75 XPovla, Kvpa[vEtOt on6 7.85 tw~ 8.00 ytO to xrpoa[o x~po Tn~ vhoou ).lE ytvlKrl au~non ano la SA npoc t o Nc" (ELK. 3a).

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3. MOll.YNEEIE AIlO rEOhOrlKOYE IlAPAI'ONTEE

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4. PEY~TOnOIHEEIE

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71

prU010nOLrl0ELt;' (ELK. 4) riven: nep[OX~ AAVK~V. ZT~V napoKlla (wv~ 1~t;' nrploxi] AAuKWV ~r nAolot;' n r c l r o 100-200 u e r oo o n o HIV napoKllEt;' Ano8to[lt;', OL orto i r r; crio r r xoo v t o t

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Locations of Zakynthos were certain geoenvironmental problems are expected to occur.

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5. KATAITTill:EIE

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74

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