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Mnostvo energie v Adinosinetriphosphate :

Barnes, Sue & Helena Curtis.


Biology, Fifth Edition. New
York: orth, !"#": !#$%!#&.
'(n the )ourse o* the rea)tion, a+out , kilo)alories o*
energ- are released per .ole.'
&" k/
0per mole1
'Adenosine 2riphosphate.'
Encarta. 3ed.ond, A:
Mi)roso*t, !"",%&$$$.
'ith the release o* the end phosphate group, ,
kilo)alories o* energ- +e)o.e availa+le *or work and
the A24 .ole)ule +e)o.es A54.'
&" k/
0per mole1
6ara+ee, M./. A24 and
Biologi)al 7nerg-. 8n%9ine
Biolog- Book. 7strella Mountain
Co..unit- College, &$$$.
'7nerg- is stored in the )ovalent +onds +etween
phosphates, with the greatest a.ount o* energ-
0appro:i.atel- , kilo)alories1 in the +ond +etween
the se)ond and third phosphate groups.'
&" k/
0per mole1
Hinkle, 4eter & 3i)hard
M)Carth-. 'How )ells .ake
A24.' Scientific American.
Mar)h !",#: &;#, !$<%!!,
'2he a.ount o* energ- needed to *or. A24 depends
on the )he.i)al environ.ent, +ut is never .ore than
a+out != kilo)alories per .ole'
>; k/
0per mole1
Ca.p+ell, Neil. Biology, Third
Edition. Ben?a.in Cu..ings,
!"";: ",%!$!.
'2he rea)tion is e:ergoni), and under la+orator-
)onditions, releases ,.; k)al o* energ- per .ole o*
A24 h-drol-@ed'
;! k/
0per mole,
la+1
<&A=$ k/
0per mole,
)ell1
Bra-, 5ennis. Cell Movements.
New York: Barland, !""&: >.
'hat is this power reCuire.ent in ter.s o* A24
.ole)ules, the prin)iple )urren)- o* energ- in the
)ellD H-drol-sis o* one gra. .ole o* A24 releases
a+out <,$ k/ o* use*ul energ-E h-drol-sis o* a single
A24 .ole)ule, a+out !$
%!"
/.'
<,$ k/
0per gram
mole1
10
-19
J
(per
molecule)
2he energ- used +- hu.an )ells reCuires the h-drol-sis o* !$$ to !=$ .oles o* A24 dail-, whi)h is
around =$ to ,= kg. A hu.an will t-pi)all- use up his or her +od- weight o* A24 over the )ourse o* the
da-.
05i Carlo, S. 7. and Coliins, H. 9. 0/une !, &$$!1. 'Su+.itting illu.inations *or review'. Advan.
Physiol. Edu. 25 0&1: ,$A!.1
Reaction
G
[kJ/mol]
G
[J/molecule]
A24 F H
&
8 G A54
F 4
i
%;>.# %>.!!e%&$
A54 F H
&
8 G
AM4 F 4
i
%;>.$ %=."#e%&$
A24 F H
&
8 G
AM4 F 44
i
%<$.> %>.,<e%&$
44
i
F H
&
8 G & 4
i
%;!.# %=.&#e%&$
AM4 F H
&
8 G A F
4
i
%!&.> %&.$"e%&$
http:HHen.wikipedia.orgHwikiHHigh%energ-Iphosphate
9ip.ann 6 0!"<!1. Adv. Enzymol. 1: ""A!>&. (SSN $!">%,;"#.
9u+ert Str-er B!"#$%&'R(, ;rd edition, !"##. Chapter !;, p. ;!#