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Functional
English

Learning English
Through Situations

By
Ayman Barghash
Giving Personal Information

1 Introducing Yourself :
.
A Hi, My name is ________________________
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B Hello. May name is _________________________
-
.

Getting the name right :

A Sorry (Pardon), what’s your first name again?


-
B It is ____________________
-

Asking someone’s occupation :

A What do you do?


-
B I’m a ________________________________
-
A What about you?
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B I work for __________________
-

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Asking for more information :

A Really? What company do you go to?


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B I go to ____________________ work for____________
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A What are you studying?
-
A What do you do there exactly?
=
B I’m a secretary in Human Resources in Sales

In an interview “Getting information”


The Discussion that takes place between employer & Interviewee

1. Q. & A. about Name


A Could I have your name, please?
-
B It’s Ali, Ali Hamed.
-
A It’s A.L.I.E?!
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B It’s A.L.I.
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2. Q. & A. about Address

A- Where do you live?

A= Could I have your address?

B- I live at 50 Km King Ramses Road.

A- Is that in Riyadh?

B- Yes, That’s right.

Or No, It isn’t.
=

3. Q. & A. about, Telephone Number


A- What’s your telephone number?

A Could I have your phone number?


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B- It’s 0 5 6 7 2 9 3 6 2 3

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Describing your family

A Tell me about your family.

A Do you have any brother or sisters?


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A Have you got any brothers or sisters?
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B I have a brother but no sister.

B I have got a brother and a sister.


=

Describing Marital status:


A Are you married?

A= Is he / she married?
B Yes, I am No. I am not
B= Yes, He /she is No, he/she isn’t.

Or I am Single
= He/She is
Separated.
Separated.
Divorced
Divorced.

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Widowed
Widowed.

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Talking about your children
A Do you have any children?
O Have you got any children
r
B No, I don’t.

O No I haven’t.
r

Do you have any Children?


Have you got any Children?

NO YES

*No, I don’t. *Yes, I have 3 children, two


* boys and a girl.
*No, I haven’t. *I have got a daughter.

*How old are they? *How old is she /he?

The oldest is ______________________


The Second oldest is ______________________
And the youngest is _______________________
My sons are ______________ and my daughter is -___________________

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Asking about age:

Q: How old is he / she?

A: Pretty Young
Fairly Old
Kind of

A= He is in his (mid) teens


She is in her (early) seventies.
(Late) forties,

Asking for Description


Q: What does he look like?
She

A: He’s fairly Tall/short


She’s Pretty Thin. Heavy
Kind of tall and thin

Q: What colour is his /her hair?


A: It’s black A: He brown hair
Gray She has black
grey

Q: What’s his / her hair like?


A: It’s long /short / medium length
Straight / wary / curly.

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Describing People:-
Q: What’s he/she wearing?
A: He is wearing jeans and blue sweat shirt.
. a grey suit.
. Black pants and a grey sport shirt.

A: She is wearing a white skirt and a pink blouse.


.a tan uniform.
purple summer dress.

Q: What does he / she have on?

A: He has a brown jacket on


She a yellow hat on
.a red raincoat on
a pink shorts and a white T-Shirt.

Describing Things (1):-


Q: What size is it? A: It’s big / small.
Long/ short
Narrow/wide

Q: What shape is it? A: It's round / a circle


Square / a square
Rectangular / a rectangle
Triangular / a triangle
Oval / an oval
Flat

Q: What does it look like? A: It’s a long, narrow, flat thing.

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Describing Things (2):-
Q: What’s it made of?
What are they

A: It’s made of wood


They’ve plastic
Metal

Describing Uses:-
Q: What is it used for ?
are they

A: A knife is used for cutting.


Scissors are .

Days and Dates:-


Q: When is your birthday?
. is the anniversary?
is the party?

A: It’s on Monday.
October 13.

A: It’s in October.

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Starting and Finishing times:-

Q: When does the concert start?


What time end?

A: It starts at 8:00 (sharp)


It Ends about 10:15

Operating and closing times:-


Q: Could you (please) tell me when the concert opens?
Can you what time it closes?

A: Sure! It starts at 10:00 (sharp)


It Ends about 12:15

Describing Locations:-
Q: Excuse me do you know where the hardware store is?
Could you tell me where the hardware store is?

A: Sure. It’s on Elm Street across from the post office.


between the 11th and 12th .
A: Sorry. I am not sure.

B: Thank you. Or: Thank you anyway.

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Giving Directions:-
Q: Excuse me, which way is the Camera store?
how do I get to the Camera store from here ?

A: It’s down this street on the right.


Just past the parties' restaurant.

A: Go up two blocks, and turn right.

A: Go up this street, and take the second left.

Talking about likes and dislikes:-

Q: How do you like the city?


What do you think of the people?

Q: Do you like the city?


Riyadh?

A: I love it.
I really like

A: It’s ok
.all right.

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Agreeing and Disagreeing with likes and dislikes :-

OPINION AGREE DISAGREE


I love it. Really? So do I. You do? I don’t.
I like them. me, too. Really? I don’t.
I hate it.

I don’t like them (No) neither do I. You don’t? I do.


Me neither.

I can’t stand it (No) Neither can I. You can’t! I Like it.


Me neither. Really? I like it.

Stating Preferences :-

I like swimming, but I don’t like diving


He likes classical music, but he can’t stand opera.

Accepting Invitations :-
Q: Do you feel like going out for dinner Saturday?
What about tonight?
How about

A: Sure I’d love to.


OK that’s a great idea.
Why not?
That’s a good idea.

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Declining Invitations:-
Q: Do you want to have lunch tomorrow?
Would like to

A: Oh I am sorry, I can’t I have to meet a friend.


I am afraid I’ve got to

Q: That’s too bad. May be next time.

Getting more information:


Q: Would you like to go to a party this Saturday?
Do you want to tomorrow?

A: Sounds good, what kind of party?


Where is it?
Who’s going?

Q: It’s a birthday party pot luck dinner.


It’s at my place / Dave’s
Some people from work.

Suggesting Another Day :


A: I'm really sorry. I can’t make it.

Q: OK. May be we can do it Well, how about Friday, then


Some other time then.

A: Yes, I’d really like to Great? That sounds good.

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Setting the time and place:-.
Q: Where do you want to meet?
How about meeting in front of the club?
Why don’t we meet at the restaurant?
Let’s meet at the restaurant.
Great, what time?
A: How about meeting at 7:15?
Why don’t we meet at
Is 7:15 OK?
Let’s meet at 7:15.
Q: Fine !
A: OK see you at 7:15 Then.

Changing plans:-
Q: Could we meet . at the subway instead?
.at 7:00?
. a little letter?
. earlier?
A: Sure That’s no problem.

Adding to plans:-
Q: We could go for coffee after the show.
Let’s go out dancing after dinner.

A: Do you want to have dinner before the movie?


Why don’t we go swimming after we play tennis?

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At A Dress (Clothes) Shop

Getting and Giving help:


Q: Excuse me could you help me?
can

A: Certainly what can I help you with?


Sure what can I do for you?

Giving Help : - Q: Can I help you with something?


Is there something I can help you with?
A: No, thanks. I’m just looking.
Yes, please. I’m looking for the men’s wear.

Getting information:

Q: Do you have this in size 10?


Carry these in green

Q: Does this come in Medium?


Do these Beige?
Size 8?
a larger size?
smaller

A: Yes, we do No, I am sorry, we don’t.


Yes, it does. No I am sorry, it doesn’t.
They do they don’t.

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Asking prices:.
Q: How much is this (radio) it?
. are (these speakers) they?

Q: Could you tell me the price of this radio?


these speakers?

A: It’s $ 59.98
They’re $ 299.00

Comparing things(1):
Q: Which hat do you like better?
boots

A: I like the green hat better than the yellow one.


This hat that one.

A: I like the red boots better than the white ones.


this hat those.

Comparing things(2):
Q: Why do you like the green hat better?
A: (I like it) because it is fancier than the yellow one.

Q: Why do you like the red boots better?


A: (I like them) because they’re more stylish than the white ones.

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Returning things:-
Q: I’d like a refund. Please.
. to get a refund.
. to return this ( sweater)
. to exchange this blouse

A: What’s the reason?


the problem with it?

Q: It’s too big / small


the wrong colour

Q: It doesn’t fit.
It was a gift. I already have one.
I don’t really like it.

A-: Of course, we can exchange it.


give you a refund.

A+:I’m sorry. There are no refunds or exchanges.

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At A Restaurant

Discussing the menu:-


Q: What are you goin to have Julie?
Having

A: (I think) I’ll have the spaghetti and a salad.

Ordering:-
Q: What would you like, ma’am?
will have, sir?

Q: Are you ready to order miss?


Have you delivered yet?

A: I’d like a steak, medium – rare, please?


I’ll have
A: Could we have a few more minutes, please?

|Specifying Wants:
Q: What kind of dressing would you like?

A: I’ll have creamy garlic (please).


Take

Q: Would you like soup or salad?


A: I’d like soup, please.

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Asking about wants:
Q: Would you care for anything to drink?
like something

Q: Can I get you something?

A: Do you have any iced tea?

Waiter Q: I'm sorry we don’t .


afraid we’re all out
.we’ve run out
Q: Yes, certainly

A: (I’ll have) a coke, then


A: I’d like some, please!
I’ll have that

Offering Service:

Q: Shall I bring your coffee (now)?


Would you like me to get
Would you like (to have)

Q: Would you like some more coffee?

A1: Yes, please.


A2: No. thanks.

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Asking about other wants.
Q; Would you like anything else?
care for some dessert?

A1: No, thank you.


Not right now, thank you.

A2: Yes, could you bring me some more rolls?


some chocolate cheese cake?

A3: Just the bill please.


. check

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Making Requests

Making small requests


Q: Do you have an extra . pencil?
Could I borrow a . piece of papers?
. tissues?
. quarters?

A1: Sure, there you are.


Go.
A2: I’m sorry. I don’t have one.
any.

Making Larger Requests

Q: Do you think I could borrow $25 until Tuesday?


Would you mind lending me your watch for a few hours?

A1: Sure.
OK.

A2: I'm sorry I don’t have $ 25.


I need it right now.

A3: Can I let you know later?

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Asking for Favors
Q: Would you (Please) get the door?
Could you Lights?
Hold my coat for a minute?
A1: Sure (no problem).
Of course. I’d be glad to.
A2: I’m sorry. I can’t right now.

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At A Hotel
Complaining Politely
Q: Excuse me.
Sorry to bother you, but I have a problem with my room.
Could you help me?

A: What’s the problem?


What seems to be the problem?

Q: I asked for a non-smoking room.


I requested the non smoking section.

Requesting Action or a Changer


Q: Could you change my room, please?

A1: I can change your room tomorrow.


A2: I’m sorry, I can’t.
I’d be glad to, but I can’t.

Accepting an Apology
Q: I’m very sorry about this.

A: That’s OK thanks for your help.


It’s it wasn’t your fault.
don’t worry about it.

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Giving and getting personal information

QUESTION RESPONSE
Where are you from? I'm from Yemen, originally.
Where were you born? I was born in Sana’a.
Were you born in Libya? No, I was born in Yemen.
Or I’m from Algeria.
.

Discussing length of Time:-


Q: How long did you stay in California?
there?

A: I started there between ’1992 and 1994.


was from 1992 to 1994.
for two years.

Asking “What Next?


Q: What did you do after you left Riyadh?
after leaving Riyadh?
after that ?
then?

A: Well, then I came back here.

Describing Changes
I used to hate cooking, but now I love it.
I used to cook really boring things but now I don’t

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Asking about Past experience
Q: Have you ever been to Japan?

A1: Yes, I’ve been there twice.


Yes, I was there last summer
A2: No, I’ve never been there (before).

Asking for a Description or Opinion


Q1: What did you think of Tokyo?
. do

Q2: How was Tokyo like?


it

Q3: What was Tokyo like?


. is

A: It was very big and exciting, but it was very crowded.


It’s quite old, but it has a lot of modern building.

Q1: What was the weather like?


is

Q2: How was the weather ?


is .

A: It was really hot and humid.

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Comparing Places(1)
Q: What’s Montreal like?
Cairo

A: It’s more exciting than Riyadh


It’s prettier than Montreal.

Comparing Places(2)
Q: Which city has more interesting sightseeing?
better shopping?

A: Cairo. There are more museums


Montreal. The stores are more interesting.

Comparing Places(3)
Q: Which city is the most exciting?
A: Montreal is the most exciting city in Canada.

Q: Which city has the best scenery?


A: Vancouver. It has the most beautiful views in Canada.

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Discussing Future Plans (1)
Q: What do you plan to do after you graduate?
What are you going to in the fall?
planning to next year?

A1: I’m going to go to college.


planning to take it easy.

A2: I don’t know yet.


I haven’t decided yet .

Discussing Future Plans (2)


Q: What are you doing after that?

A1: I’m going to back to school after that.


working for my father next after.

A2: I’m not sure yet.


I’m still not sure.

Discussing Future Plans (3)


Q: How long will you be there?
A: I’ll be there for about six months.

Q: When will you be in Chicago?


A: I’ll be there a week from today.
on the sixteenth.

Q: Where will you be at six O’clock?


on Sunday after noon?
A: I’ll be at home.

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Discussing the Future

Q: What do you want to do?


What would you like to do?
What are you going to do?
I’d like to lose some weight.
I want to start getting more exercise.

Discussing the Hopes

What do you hope will happen?


you’ll do?
to do?

I hope I’ll get a promotion.


I get a promotion.
to get a promotion.

Discussing the Possibilities

Where do you think you’ll go?


Where are you going to go?
I might go to Mexico.
Go finishing in Canada.
I haven’t made up my mind yet.

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