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Nietzsche
" " Horace Propertius

" " "


" ) .(Nietzshe 1974: 137

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Nicolas

) Perrot DABLANCOURT (
Tacitus
" " ) ( .

.
Dablancourt ) Sir John Denham (
Aeneid Heroic Couplet " Virgil

" ) 1656:
.(A3r Dablancourt Denham

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) Zuber 1968 Venuti


.(1993a

.
Umberto Eco ) The Name of the Rose (1983
) .(McDowell 1983


) (Eco .

Giovanni Gaureschi

.

Gaureschi ) The Little World of Don Camillo (1950


.

. Sir William Jones


) Institutes of Hindu Law (1799

) .(Niranjana 1992 Eugene Nida



Nida " "

)1964: 159 ( . Freud


) ( -

).(Bettelheim 1983; Venuti 1993b


Friedrich
) Schleiermacher ( ) .(Berman 1992
" " Schleiermacher " :
" )
.(Lefevere 1992b: 149

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(

) Antoine Berman


Schleiermacher
)1985: 87-
.(91

. Schleiermacher

Venuti

.(1991

Schleiermacher

.
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Rudolf Pannwitz Walter

Benjamin . " Pannwitz


" ).( :

Johann Heinrich Voss ) (Odyssey 1781 ) (Illiad 1793


Goethe "
" ) .(Lefevere 1992b: 77 Friedrich Holderlin

Sophocles Antigone () Oedipus Rex

) (Old High German and Swabian


) (Lutheran )George Steiner 1975: 323-33; Berman ) (Pietistic

.(1985: 93-107 Holderlin

. Dr. John Nott

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Johannes

) Secundus Nicolaius (1775 ) Petrarch (1777 ) Hafiz (1787 )Bonefonius (1797


) Propertius (1782 ) .Catullus (1795 Nott

" " Catullus


" " ) .(1795: x

George Lamb .() Catullus



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Francis Newman ) (Iliad 1856

Matthew Arnold )( Newman


Homer . Newman ) ballad(



Sir Walter Scott .Homer Arnold


.

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Norman Shapiro

Paul Blackburn .
:Gaucelm Faidit
Us cavaliers si jazia ab la re
que plus volia
soven baizan Ii dizia :
-Doussa res, ieu que farai
que-I joms ve e la nueytz
val
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qu'ieu aug que Ii gaita


cria: 'Via! sus! qu'ieu vey
lajom
venir apres I '

alba ' .

(Mouzat 1965: )
A knight was with his lady fondly Iying _
The one he cherished most - and gently
sighing As he kissed her, complained: My
love, the day Soon will arrive, chasing this
night awar
Alas .
A Iready I can hear the watchman crying :
Begone !
Quickly, begone! You may no longer
stay, For jl is da\\ n.
(Shapiro 1962 : 72)
A knight once lay beside and
with the one he most desired

and in between their kisses said


what shall I do, my sweet
Day comes and the knight
goes Ai !
And I hear the watcher
cry: 'Up! On your way !
I see day
coming on, sprouting behind the dawn '!
(Blackburn 1978)
( Shapiro
alas,

.begone, cherished
Shapiro .Faidit
Richard Wilbur Robert Lowell
.(Perkins 1987)

("coming on"" in between" " ( ) lie with" )


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. Faidit
Blackburn
Robert Creely Charles Olson
).(von Hallberg 1985

Shapiro
.Faidit Blackburn

: Shapiro
. Blackburn
Day come and " :
"the knight goes .


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) (

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Adaptation; Free Translation; Ideology and Translation; Literal Translation; Pure
Language.


;Blanchot 1971; Cohen 1962; Ebel 1969; Graves 1965; Heylen 1993; Lefevere 1992a
Simon 1987; Venuti 1995a.
)(Lawrence Venuti

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