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Karl Friedrich Gauss

Child Mathematical Genius


By Deb Russell, About.com
Background:

Karl Friedrich Gauss was born in Brunswick, Germany in 1777. Gauss studied
mathematics at the University of Göttingen from 1795 to 1798. He became
the Director of the Gottingen Observatory from 1807 until his death. His
father was a manual laborer but noticed his son's talents quite early. It has
been said that Karl displayed incredible talent in math at a very young age.
There are stories that tell of him managing his father's business accounts
before the age of 5 and apparently even catching a payroll error. When a
teacher asked him to add up the numbers between 1 and 100, (to keep him
busy) Gauss quickly found a short cut for the answer 5050. A well known
today....thanks to Gauss. He called mathematics "the queen of the sciences"
and arithmetic "the queen of mathematics.Gauss had three children.

Contributions:

• At 24 years of age, he wrote a book called Disquisitines Arithmeticae,


which is regarded today as one of the most influential books written in
math.
• He also wrote the first modern book on number theory, and proved the law
of quadratic reciprocity.
• In 1801, Gauss discovered and developed the method of least squares
fitting, 10 years before Legendre, unfortunately, he didn't publish it.
• Gauss proved that every number is the sum of at most three triangular
numbers and developed the algebra of congruences.

Famous Quote:

'Ask her to wait a moment - I am almost done.' Apparently said while


working, and being informed that his wife was dying.

Recommended Reads

Combination of Observations Least Subject to Error by Karl Gauss This is


the first translation in English of two of Gauss' memoirs on least squares,
that was initially published in 1820. It contains his final, definitive
treatment of the area along with material on probability, statistics,
numerical analysis, and geodesy, presented in the original French and in
English on facing pages. An afterword by Stewart places Gauss'
contributions in historical perspective. Of interest to engineers,
statisticians, mathematicians, computer scientists, and historians.

Remarkable Mathematicians Author Ioan profiles 60 famous


mathematicians who were born between 1700 and 1910 and provides
insight to their remarkable lives and their contributions to the field of
math. This text is organized chronologically and provides interesting
information about the details of the mathematicians lives.