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Copper - Properties and Uses

It has its own typical colour. Used for architectural and


decorative purpose.
Good formability and malleability. Different shapes can
be easily formed.
Very high electrical conductivity. Used in cables, wires
and electrical machines.
Very high thermal conductivity. Used in heat exchangers
and radiators.
Good corrosion resistance against fresh and salt water,
alkaline solutions other than ammonia, and many
organic chemicals. Copper-Nickel alloys are used in
marine applications.
Applicable Joining Processes for Copper and Copper Alloys
Alloy

UNS No.

Oxy Fuel
GasWeldi
ng

SM
A
W

G
M
A
W

GTAW

Resist
Weld-

Solid
State

Bra
zing

Solderi
ng

EBW

ETP Copper

C11000
C11900

NR

N
R

N
R

F

NR

G

E

G

NR
Oxygen-Free CU

C
102000

F

N
R

G

G

NR

E

E

E

G

Deoxidized
Copper

C12000
C123000

G

N
R

E

E

NR

E

E

E

G


Berillium
Copper

C17000
C175000

NR

F

G

G

F

F

G

G

F

Cadmium/Chro
mium Copper

C16200
C16200

NR

N
R

G

G

NR

F

G

G

F

Red Brass-85%

C23000

F

N
R

G

G

F

G

E

E

-

Low Brass-80%

C24000

F

N
R

G

G

G

G

E

E

-

Cartridge
Brass-70%

C26000

F

N
R

F

F

G

G

E

E

-

Leaded
Brasses

C31400
C38590

NR

N
R

N
R

NR

NR

NR

E

G

-

Phosphor
Bronzes

C50100
C38590

F

F

G

G

G

G

E

E

-

Cu-Nickel-10%
Nichel-Silvers

C70600
C75200

F
G

G
N
R

E
G

E
G

G
F

G
F

E
E

E
E

G
-

Aluminium
Bronzes

C61300
C61400

NR

G

E

E

G

G

F

NR

G


Silicon
Bronzes

C65100
C65500

G

F

E

E

G

G

E

G

G

E=Excellent G=Good F=Fair NR=Not Recommended.
Copper / Pre-heat Requirement
Thermal conductivity of copper is more than 6 7 times
that of steel.

Due to high thermal conductivity of copper, heat moves
away quickly from the weld. Supplemental heat given in
the form of Pre-heat to create adequate molten pool.

Pre-heat temperature depends on copper alloy
composition, welding process and shielding gas.
Copper Welding / Preheat temperature
Copper Welding
Copper Welding / Joint Design
Copper Welding / Joint Design