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Question # 1.

Short Answer Problems (34 points)

a. What is the value of AL after the following instructions have executed? (10 points, 2 pts each)
i. mov al,4Bh
and al,74h ; AL = 40h


ii. mov al,86h
or al,42h ; AL = C6h


iii. mov al,72h
xor al,0A5h ; AL = D7h


iv. mov al,01101011b
stc
rcl al,2 ; AL = 1010 1110


v. mov al,10000101b
clc
rcr al,1 ; AL = 0100 0010


b. What is the binary value of AX after the following instructions have executed? (6 points, 3 pts each)

i. mov ax,0000000010011101b
mov bx,1010101010000000b
shld ax,bx,1 ; AX = 0000 0001 0011 1011


ii. mov ax,0000000010011101b
mov bx,1010101010001011b
shrd ax,bx,2 ; AX = 1100 0000 0010 0111



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c. What will be the hexadecimal values of DX and AX after the following instructions have executed? (12 points, 4
pts each)

i. mov dx,000Fh
mov ax,6342h
mov bx,100h
div bx ; DX = 0042h
AX = 0F63h


ii. mov dx,-16
mov ax,2
imul dx ; DX = FFFFh
AX = FFE0h


iii. mov ax,6B49h
mov dx,0095h
shl ax,1
rcl dx,1 ; DX = 012Ah
AX = D692h

d. What are the correct values of the Carry, Zero, and Sign flags after the following instructions execute? (6 points,
3 pts each)

i. mov al, 6
cmp al, 5 ; CF = 0 ZF = 0 SF = 0


ii. mov al,00110011b
test al,2 ; CF = 0 ZF = 0 SF = 0


Question # 2. Short Programming Problems (25 points)

a. Write a sequence of two instructions that copies bits 0-5 from AL to bits 0-5 in BL. Bits 6-7 in BL should be
cleared, and AL should be unchanged. (5pts)
mov bl,al
and bl,00111111b





b. Write a sequence of two instructions that copies the integer in bits 4-7 from the AL register into bits 0-3 of the BL
register. The upper 4 bits of AL will be cleared, as will the upper 4 bits of BL. . (5pts)
shr al,4
mov bl,al




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c. Code instructions that jump to the label L1 when either bit 2 or 3 is set in the DL register (do not modify DL).
(5pts)
test dl,1100b ; (00001100b)
jnz L1





d. Write instructions that implement the following pseudo-code using conditional jump instructions. Do not use the
.IF directive. Assume that integers are signed. (5pts)

if (eax > ecx )
mov dl, +7
else
mov dl, -2

cmp eax, ecx OR cmp eax, ebx
jng L1 jg L1
mov dl, +7 mov dl, -2
jmp L2 jmp L2
L1: mov dl, -2 L1: mov dl, +7
L2: L2:






e. Implement the following pseudo-code with assembly language statements without using the .WHILE, the .IF or
any other directive. (5pts)

while ( int2 >= int1 )
{ add ebx, 3
if ( ebx > int2 )
mov ebx, 4
else
mov ebx, int1
}

top: mov eax, int2
cmp eax, int1
jl L3
add ebx, 3
cmp ebx, int2
jg L1
mov ebx, int1
jmp L2
L1: mov ebx, 4
L2: jmp top
L3:



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Question # 3. Tracing Problems (27 points)

a. Suppose eax, ebx, and ecx contained three signed integers. What will be the purpose of the following code? (5pts)

cmp eax, ebx
jle L1
mov eax, ebx
L1: cmp eax, ecx
jle L2
mov eax, ecx
L2: call WriteInt


Solution: The purpose will be to display the smallest of the 3 integers.

b. What will be the result in array after the following instructions execute? (5pts)

.data
array dword 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
var1 dword 4
.code
cld
mov esi, offset array
mov edi, esi
mov ecx, lengthof array
L1: lodsd
mul var1
stosd
loop L1

Solution: Array will contain the following: 40 36 32 28 24 20 16 12 8 4


c. What will be the results in all the registers? Show the result next to each line. (12 points,2pt for every output line)

.data
var1 word 2000h
var2 word 4000h
arrayB byte 60h, 70h, 10h, 50h, 40h
.code
main proc
mov bx, 0A59Dh
movzx eax, bx ; eax = 00000A59D
movzx edx, bl ; edx = 0000009D
mov bx, 0C45Fh
movsx eax, bx ; eax = FFFFC45F
movsx cx, bl ; cx = 005F
xchg ax, var2 ; var2 = 2000
mov var1, ax ;
mov al, [arrayB + 4] ; al = 40
main endp
end main

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d. What will be the final values of cx and dx when the following code executes? (5pts)

.data
array SWORD 4, -2, 5, 8, -3, 7, 1, 0
.code
mov cx, 1
mov esi, 2
mov ax, array[esi]
mov bx, array[esi+4]
cmp ax, 3
jae L2
cmp bx, 4
jb L1
jmp L3
L1: mov cx, 4
L2: mov dx, 5
jmp L4
L3: mov dx, 6
L4:
Solution: CX = 1 DX = 5


Question # 4. Flowchart (4 points)

Draw a flowchart that corresponds to the following code:

mov esi, OFFSET array
mov ecx, LENGTHOF array
mov eax, 0
L1: add eax, [esi]
add esi, TYPE array
loop L1
mov sum, eax
begin
ecx = LENGTHOF array
eax = 0
mov esi,OFFSET array
add eax,[esi]
L1:
add esi,TYPE array
ecx = ecx  1
ecx > 0?
yes
sum = eax
end
no



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Question # 5. Programming (10 points) --- use the back of the page if needed ----

Using the following table as a guide, write a program that asks the user to enter an integer test score between 0 and 100.
The program should display the appropriate letter grade:

Score Range Letter Grade
90 to 100 A
80 to 89 B
70 to 79 C
60 to 69 D
0 to 59 F

Hint: You may use the pseudo .IF, .ELSEIF,.ELSE and .ENDIF directives.

GOOD LUCK

TITLE Letter Grade

INCLUDE Irvine32.inc

.data
str1 BYTE "Enter an integer score: ",0
str2 BYTE "The letter grade is: ",0

.code
main PROC
call Clrscr
mov edx,OFFSET str1 ; input score from user
call WriteString
call ReadInt
call Crlf

.IF eax >= 90 ; multiway selection structure to
mov al,'A' ; choose the correct grade letter
.ELSEIF eax >= 80
mov al,'B'
.ELSEIF eax >= 70
mov al,'C'
.ELSEIF eax >= 60
mov al,'D'
.ELSE
mov al,'F'
.ENDIF

mov edx,OFFSET str2
call WriteString
call WriteChar ; display grade letter in AL
call Crlf

exit
main ENDP
END main