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De La Salle University-Dasmarias
College of Liberal Arts and Communication
AY: 2013-2014




A Study on the Extent of the Implementation of the
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003)
in the City of Bacoor, Cavite, 2007- 2012.





Malabanan, Dianil Aira B.
Paredes, J ose Victor V.
Rustia, Ma. Aleli M.
Sardia, J ohn Calvin C.




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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
APPROVAL SHEET i
CERTIFICATE ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii
ABSTRACT iv-v
I. Introduction 2-8
Background of the Study 2-3
Statement of the Problem 3-4
Conceptual Framework 4-5
Significance of the Study 5
Scope and Limitation 6
Definition of Terms 6-8
II. RELATED LITERATURE 9-19
III. METHODOLODY 20-24
Design 20
Respondents 20-23
Data Gathering Procedure 23
Data Analysis 23-24
IV. PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA 25-50
V. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION 51-56
Summary 51-53
Conclusion 53-54
Recommendation 54-55
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REFERENCES 56-58
APPENDICES 59-96
Appendix I- Interview Guide for the Respondents on Barangay Level 59-60
Appendix II- Interview Guide for the Respondents on local government unit 61-62
Appendix III- Sample Letter to Barangays 63
Appendix IV- Sample Letter to City Environment and Natural Resources Office 64
Appendix V- Receiving Copy of Letters to the City Government and Barangay 65-68
Appendix VI- Certified True Copy CENRO Accomplishment Report 201269-85
Appendix VII- Curriculum Vitae 86-94




























CERTIFICATION OF THE THESIS EDITOR
This is
!o
certiff that the undergraduate thesis entitled A STUDY ON THE EXTENT OF THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT
1nA
9003) IN THE CITY OF BACOOR, CAVITE, 2007 -2012 submitted by Dianil Aira P.
Malabanan, Jose Victor V. Paredes, Ma. Aleli M. Rustia, and John Calvin C. Sardia was edited
by the undersigned.
. Amora, MA
Thesis Editor
CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL
This thesis is hereto entitled
A STUDY ON THE EXTENT OF THE, IMPLEMENTATION OF TI{E
ECOLOGTCAL SOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT (RA 9003) rN THE CITY OF
BACOO& CAVTTD, 20n7 -2012
Prepared by Dianil Aira P. Malabanan, Jose Victor V. Paredes, Ma Aleli M. Rustia,
and John Calvin C. Sardia in partial fulfillment of requirements for the degree of Bachelor of
Arts Major in Political Science has been examined and recommended for acceptance and
approval for ORAL EXAMINATION.
Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination with the grade of
f46seD
on
W),tGt
2-0 14
t
MATTS
Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of requirements forthe degree of Bachelor
of Arts Major in Political Science.
,or"Mrf
,6Lae;1--
ffitfu" George C. Francisco, EdD
Chair
Social Sciences Department
Dean
College of Liberal Arts and Communication
Rosa(naD. Dulogj
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The researchers would like to extend their appreciation especially to the following:
To their Thesis Adviser,Dr. Rosalina D. Dulog, forher continuous support, patience, motivation,
enlightenment and for sharing her immense knowledge to the Researchers. Her guidance helped
the researchers in writing of their Thesis. The researchers could not imagine what the research
would be if not because of their dear adviser. Thank you.
To their Research and Thesis Writing Professor, Mr. Loreto G. Camiloza, Professor J osephine L.
Cruz and all of their DLSU-D professors and mentors for the encouragement, insights,
comments,values and for the shared learning experience. Thank you.
This Thesis would not have materialize if not because of the ideas, insights and advice shared by
former Region IV-A Technical Director Lino H. Rustia. Director Rustia gave the researchers a
vivid picture leading them to work on this thesis especially when the researchers were in that
state of great need and desperation. Thank you.
To all of the researchers friends who Aristotle classify into three (3); utility, pleasure and
nobleness of character, you know in what class youre in. To their Political Science family,
classmates, and university acquaintances. Thank you for the life worth DLSU-D experience.
Deep appreciation is also expressed to the researchers respective parents and families. This
Research is ours. Thank you.
Of course, this project would not have been possible without the participation of the subjects.To
CENRO officials representing the LGU of the City of Bacoor and officials of otheir selected
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barangays for accommodating and providing them with necessary data and information. Thank
you.
We would also like to share to everybody our initial wacky titles that made us initially excited
and happy. These initial titles made us alive, alert, awake and enthusiastic prior to coming us
with our final Thesis title. An assessment of ParedesFuneraria in Silang Cavite: Assumption of
activities, An interplanetary and humanistic approach to retardation in connection with
Calvin and his behavior in everyday class and Comparative study of the beauty of Aleli and
Dianil: A fashion showdown in CLAC, 2012 and City of Tagaytay: An entrepreneurial
government and its impact to the local economy
Lastly, we thank the Almighty God for the wisdom and perseverance that has been bestowed
upon them in carrying our Lasallian identity of Faith, Service and Communion.I can all do
things with Him who gives me strength (Philippians 4: 13).
We made this happened!











ABSTRACT
Name of Institution: De La Salle University- Dasmarias
Address: Dasmarias Bagong Bayan-B, City of Dasmarias, Cavite 4115
Title: A Study on the Extent of the Implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management
Act (RA 9003) in the City of Bacoor, Cavite, 2007- 2012.
Proponents: Dianil Aira B. Malabanan, J ose Victor V. Paredes, Ma. Aleli M. Rustia,
J ohn Calvin C. Sardia,
Funding Source: Parents Cost: 10,000
Date Started: November 2012
Date Completed: February 2014
The study focused on the extent of the implementation of Solid Waste Management Act (RA
9003) in the City of Bacoor, 2007-2012 in terms and presence of the City Environment and
Natural Resources Office (CENRO), Solid Waste Management Board (SWMB), 1O-year Solid
Waste Management Plan, Materials Recovery Facility and Final Disposal Area. Problems
encountered and interventions made by the city and barangay government were also the focus of
this study. Descriptive-qualitative method of research was used with open ended type of
questions was utilized as an interview guide to the Local Government Unit of the City of Bacoor
represented by CENRO and officials of selected barangays of the City of Bacoor. Conclusions
showed that RA 9003 has been fully implemented in the City of Bacoor, the need and
importance of multilateral cooperation between the local government unit, barangay, residents,
civic and non-governmental organizations plays a vital role in the success of programs
implemented by the LGU or barangay in observing proper solid waste management practice.
Since there have been problems encountered by the city government and barangay, it can be
concluded that successful waste reduction, establishment of Environment and Natural Resources
Office, Solid Waste Management Board, 10 year Solid Waste Management Plan, Materials
Recovery Facility or Materials Recovery System and the sustainability of the local government
and barangay programs are important in studying on the extent of the implementation of the solid
waste management policy in the City of Bacoor. Considering these conclusions, it hereby
recommends that the City of Bacoor should come up with a plantilla or organizational structure
of its CENRO which has four (4) divisions namely; Administrative Division, Parks and
Playgrounds Division, Natural Resources Operating Division and Environmental and Waste
Management Division for that proper division of responsibilities within the Office. The LGU
should have a deeper analysis and study in formulating and making policies and implementing
programs and projects concerning solid waste management. Taking into consideration the
importance and the possibility of coming up with linkages and multilateral cooperation between
the programs and policies of local and foreign governments, local and multinational civil and
non-governmental organization in addressing the issue on solid waste management. Strong and
unwavering political will and eagerness of the local leaders and residents to comply with RA
9003 is needed to create a culture among its residents in terms of recycling, waste reduction,
proper waste management practice and maintenance of cleanliness and sanitation in the City of
Bacoor.


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CHAPTER I

Introduction

Background of the Study
Solid waste management is one of the most serious problems in urban communities and
developing countries like the Philippines despite legislative efforts and existence of different
laws, programs and policies governing such. The relentlessness of the garbage problem in the
country has been recognized by the government and to address this, it created the most
comprehensive piece of legislation which is the Republic Act (RA) 9003 or also known as the
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000.
The Republic Act No.9003 became a law on J anuary 26, 2001 signed by the former
President Gloria Macapagal - Arroyo. It was the first bill enacted in President Arroyos term
right after the EDSA II. RA 9003 is considered to be the most comprehensive piece of legislation
in dealing with the garbage problem of the country which assigns the major task of
implementation and enforcement to Local Government Units. The importance of minimizing
waste by using techniques such as recycling, resource recovery, reuse, and composting are the
main concern of this act. The Republic Act No. 9003 also known as the Philippine Ecological
Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 gives the official framework for the countrys organized,
comprehensive, and environmental/ecological solid waste management program. The law must
ensure protection of public health and the environment in general. It obliges the different local
government units all over the country the need to create the necessary programs and pursue the
citizens to practice an effective solid waste management (RA 9003).
Solid waste shall refer to all discarded household, commercial waste, non-hazardous
institutional and industrial waste, street sweepings, construction debris, agricultural waste, and
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other non-hazardous/non-toxic solid waste (RA 9003) these all refer to municipal solid waste
(LGSP, 2003).
Due to the rapid population growth rate, urban migration and economic development in
the Province of Cavite, the researchers see the importance of the implementation of the
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003) among local government units (LGUs). The
importance of Solid Waste management is directly addressed to public health, maintenance of a
clean environment, resource management and utilization and assurance of human development
(CDRP/DLSUD, 2011).
As the world moves toward into its urban future, the amount of solid wastes being
produced by municipalities (MSW) is growing faster than urbanization. Total amount of
producers increased about 3 billion residents generating 1.2 kg per person per day (1.3 billion
tonnes per year). By 2025 this will likely increase to 4.3 billion urban residents generating about
1.42 kg/capita/day of municipal solid waste (2.2 billion tonnes per year) (What a Waste A
Global Review of Solid Waste Management, Daniel Hoornweg and Perinaz Bhada-Tata, March
2012).
In totality, this study tries to give insights about the extent of implementation in relation
to Solid Waste Management for it shows the role of the government and the involvement of the
community in the implementation of RA 9003 in the City of Bacoor from 2007 to 2012.
Statement of the Problem
This study shows the extent of implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste
Management Act (RA 9003) in the City of Bacoor from 2007 to 2012. Specifically, the
following questions were answered:
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1. What is the extent of the implementation of RA 9003 in the City of Bacoor in terms
of the presence of: 1.1.City Environmental and Natural Resources Office (CENRO)
2.2. Solid Waste Management Board (SWMB)
3.3. 10 year Solid Waste Management Plan
3.4. Material Recovery Facility
3.5 Final Disposal Area
2. What are the problems encountered by the City Government of Bacoor in the
implementation of RA 9003 from 2007 to 2012?
3. What are the interventions made by the City Government of Bacoor in addressing the
problems from 2007 to 2012?
Conceptual Framework
Solid Waste Management in the City of Bacoor










Extent of the Implementation
- City Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO)
- Solid Waste Management Board (SWMB)
- 1O year Solid Waste Management Plan
- Materials Recovery Facility
- Final Disposal Area
Problems encountered by the
Local Government of Bacoor in
implementing Ecological Solid
Waste Management Act
Interventions made by the City
Government in addressing the
problems on Ecological Solid
Waste Management
Ecological Solid Waste Management
Act (RA 9003)
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In this study the researchers assessed the extent of implementation of the Ecological
Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003) in the City of Bacoor, Cavite. The Extent of the
implementation of RA9003 in the City of Bacoor is manifested using five (5) criteria; presence
of City Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO), Solid Waste Management Board
(SWMB), 1O year Solid Waste Management Plan, Materials Recovery Facility and Final
Disposal Management.
Furthermore the problems encountered on the implementation of RA 9003 as well as the
interventions made were also determined
Significance of the Study
Local Government Units. This study will give insights to Local Government Units
(LGUs) in formulating and making policies and implementing programs and projects concerning
solid waste management.
Community. This study will give perception to the community about solid waste
management and it will raise their level of awareness and their role on the implementation of RA
9003 that will bring about success of the program.
Academe. This study serves as a reference for the enhancement of the curriculum that
will help the university in teaching the students about Solid Waste Management.
Civic and Non-Governmental Organizations. This study will give necessary
information to NGOs about the current waste management practices and strategies of the City of
Bacoor. NGOs can be dependable partner of LGUs in raising peoples awareness on proper solid
waste management. NGOs can also provide technical assistance and support in running roots-
level activities related to solid waste management.

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Scope and Limitation
The researchers wanted to assess the extent of the implementation of RA 9003 in Bacoor
City because of its location that serves as the catch basin of the province of Cavite. The City of
Bacoor is identified as the catch basin because the river of Cavite is flowing all the way from
upland region of the province and ends up in the boundary of Bacoor and Kawit carrying tons of
garbage daily. It has been chosen the focus of this study also because of its strategic location for
urban migration, economic development and strong political will of the local leaders in the
implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (Socio Economic
Profile http://www.cavite.gov.ph)
The study looked into the extent of the implementation of RA 9003 in the City of Bacoor
from 2007 to 2012. The study is limited only on the assessment of the extent of the programs and
policies made by the Local government of Bacoor in response to the Ecological Solid Waste
Management Act (RA 9003). The RA9003 also mandates a plan to implement a solid waste
management in the local government level. This will be materialized through a Ten-year Local
Government Solid Waste Management Plan (RA9003). In line with this, the study will also look
on the presence of Waste Management Board, Materials Recovery Facility and Final Disposal
Area in the City of Bacoor.
The study is limited to the City of Bacoor and the 39 selected barangays only and does
not include other cities and municipalities of the Province of Cavite. The target of this study is 39
barangay respondents out of 73 barangays of the City of Bacoor.
Definition of Terms
City Environmental and Natural Resources Office (CENRO). A designated office in the Local
Government Unit under the Office of the City Mayor which addresses the problems and
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issues on environment and natural resources of the locality.
Ecological Solid Waste Management. A way of handling waste to reduce its amount to the barest
minimum and recovering discarded materials for reuse, recycling or composting.
Final Disposal Area. A more sanitarized and better managed disposal facility but more
expensive to put up and maintain. A plastic or clay liner separates the waste from the soil
to prevent seepage of liquid into ground water. The dumped waste is spread by
bulldozers, sprayed with deodorizers, covered with soil and planted with grass.
Materials Recovery Facility (MRF). Is a facility designed to receive, sort, process and store
compostable and recyclable materials efficiently and in an environmentally sound matter.
Republic Act 9003 otherwise known as The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000.
The most comprehensive piece of legislation in dealing with the garbage problem of the
country which assigns the major task of implementation and enforcement to Local
Government Units. The importance of minimizing waste by using techniques such as
recycling, resource recovery, reuse, and composting are the main concern of this act.
Solid Waste Management Board. A local board that prepares, submits and implements a solid
waste management plan for the safe and sanitary management of solid wastes generated
in areas under its geographic and political coverage (RA 9003 and its IRR, 2001).
Ten-year Solid Waste Management Plan. A long term plan to implement a Solid Waste
Management Plan in the local government level. The plan shall give emphasis on the
implementation of re-use, recycling and composting programs while identifying the
wastes which cannot be re-used or, recycled or composted (RA 9003 and its IRR, 2000).
Problems. This pertains to the issues and difficulties experienced by the City of Bacoor from
2007 to 2012 on the implementation of RA 9003.
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Interventions. This pertains to the immediate solution made by the City of Bacoor in response to
the problems encountered on the implementation of RA 9003 from 2007 to 2012.




















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CHAPTER II
Review of Related Literatures
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003)
Solid waste is one of the country's major issues confronting the community and the local
government units. The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (Republic Act 9003) declares
the adoption of a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program as
a policy of the State. Adopts a community-based approach. Mandates waste diversion through
composting and recycling (Uriarte, 2007). The law took effect in February 15, 2001, various
local governments units throughout the country have adopted and created ordinances in
accordance with the framework provided in RA 9003 like the Solid Waste Management Plan
(SWMP) which asks LGUs to prepare, create and implement a 1O year SWMP.
In addition, Barangays are also mandated to the 100% collection of biodegradable and
reusable wastes, establish Materials Recovery Facility whether as a sole barangay or cluster of
barangays and to conduct information and education campaigns within their jurisdiction (RA
9003). RA 9003 calls for the institutionalization of a national program that will manage the
control, transfer, transport, processing and disposal of solid waste in the country (Orcullo, 2007).
In line with these various researches, reports, news articles, journals and books are published
regarding on the assessment on the implementation of RA 9003, case studies, success stories,
perceptions/ knowledge/participation/attitudes of the people and the local government and their
practices of solid waste management in the country.
Extent of the implementation of RA 9003
In Davao City (www.davaocity.gov.ph), the Office of the City Environment and Natural
Resources (CENRO) was created by virtue of Executive Order No. 6 signed by the City Major,
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Hon. Rodrigo R. Duterte, on February 12, 1993. Seven years before the ratification of RA 9003.
Davao City was able to address the issues and concerns in the environment and natural resources
thru this Office. CENROs goals and objectives are to ensure that Davao City remains clean and
green, promotes proper management and utilization of its natural resources, and implements
mitigating measures to prevent and control Land, Air and Water Pollution in coordination with
government agencies and non-governmental organizations. Within the context of a balance
ecology. The CENRO of Davao City has 4 Divisions namely; Administrative Division, Parks
and Playgrounds Division, Natural Resources Operating Division and lastly, Environmental and
Waste Management Division.
Environmental and Waste Management Division is mandated to the design &
implementation on effective Environmental Waste and Management System including Solid
Waste Collection and Disposal, to conduct regular monitoring and inspection of different
industrial and business establishment, design pollution and waste management awareness
program and design, improve and develop existing land fill area of the City Government.
Section 12 of RA 9003 requires each city or municipality to form a City or Municipal
Waste Management Board that shall prepare, submit and implement a plan for the safe and
sanitary management of solid waste generated in areas under its geographic and political
coverage (RA 9003 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations)
Solid waste management planning according to (Uriarte, 2007) is defined as the presence
by which viable alternatives and workable programs and plans are developed to solve solid waste
problems. Section 16 of the RA 9003, requires local government units to prepare its respective
1O year Solid Waste Management Plan consistent with the National Solid Waste Management
Framework. The plan shall place primary emphasis on the implementation of all feasible re-use,
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recycling and composting programs while identifying the amount of landfill and transformation
capacity that will be needed for solid waste which cannot be re-used, recycled or composted. The
10 year solid waste management plan will be reviewed and updated by the local solid waste
management board (RA 9003 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations). The 10 year Solid
Waste Management Plan is the long term management of solid waste of the local government
unit that was developed by the local solid waste management board.
In 2001, Canafranca and Villanueva of De La Salle University- Dasmarias conducted a
study entitled A Case Study on the Solid Waste Management Program in Brgys. Bucandala I to
V, Imus, Cavite. It is included in their study that Imus in 2001 launched HOMER S. A MENRO
initiated environmental project created and designed in the name of Mayor Homer Saki
Saquilayan in order to achieve its goal to have a clean and green municipality. The Project
HOMER S. Stands for Home of birds and butterflies; Operation: Cleanliness and Pride;
Management of Toxic and Hazardous Waste; Environment Education, Evaluation and
Information Accessible to all; Reduce, Reuse and Recycle garbage; for a Sustainable
Development. These projects ran throughout his term from 2001 to 2004.
In the study conducted by Planas, Orong and Espaldon (2010) entitled The Solid Waste
Management Project of a Small Community in the Municipality of Bacoor, Cavite: a Case Study.
The case study was focused in a community of Phase 6, Molino V, Bahayang Pagasa, Bacoor,
Cavite. It was led by the Home Owners Association (HOA) and among the successful
community who pioneered solid waste management and a supporter of RA 9003. They had
adopted a solid waste management project that reduced and maintained the waste accumulated
around the neighborhood through segregation at source and by establishing a MRF that served as
a depository and sorting area of collected waste. This MRF was launched on J uly 3, 2006
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occupying 4000 square meters of the subdivisions open space with the assistance of Mother
Earth Foundation and Cavite Green Coalition. The Kanlungan ng Kalikasan Materials Recovery
Facility had 4 processing Eco Shed, Eco Shed 1 is for recyclables and will be end for junk shops,
2
nd
Eco Shed is for residual waste that will be collected by municipal garbage truck, 3
rd
Eco Shed
is for hazardous waste that will also be collected by the municipal garbage truck and 4
th
Eco
Shed that is for the biodegradable waste which will go to the composting area that will be used as
soil conditioner in the neighborhoods eco garden.
In the City of Tabaco in Albay, City Council Resolution No. 55-2012 calls for the creation
and re-activation of the barangay solid waste management committee and to formulate the solid
waste management plan of its respective barangays. The resolution is in connection with the
Section 6 of the implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003 which mandates the creation
of a Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee. It is a call to the 47 Barangays of the City
of Tabaco for a more effective and efficient solid waste collection and disposal system and to
formulate their solid waste management plan suitable to their respective barangays.
According to the National Solid Waste Management Commission, what the barangay
needs to do is actually covered by what is called the 5 Es- engineering, education,
enforcement, environment organization and equity. The 5 Es are components of Ecological Solid
Waste Management. Engineering covers setting up the support systems, such as the 3 Rs and
segregation. This also includes the necessary facilities such as bins, weighing scales, MRFs, bags
and three-sectioned receptacles including the collection system. Education covers information
dissemination, education and promotion of the program. This includes printed materials such as
brochures, flyers, posters, newsletters as well as seminars. Enforcement covers the policy support
and guidelines, monitoring, compliance, sanction, rewards and incentives. Environment
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organization covers the programs organization, administration and delegation of roles and
responsibilities and equity which covers funds sourcing and generating revenues.
Final Disposal Area is the last process of solid waste management. It is where residual
waste or waste that cannot be re-used, recycled or composted placed. According to the National
Solid Waste Management Commission in 2007, most of solid wastes in the Philippines are
disposed in open dumpsites. There are around 794 open dumpsites taking in garbage from all 17
regions nationwide, as against 309 controlled disposal facilities. It is the responsibility of the city
or municipal government to put up adequate disposal facility for their constituents. A sanitary
landfill needs 30 million Pesos to 50 million Pesos per hectare to run.
In Quezon City, the only Local Government Unit in Metro Manila who has a controlled
dumpsite known as Quezon City Controlled Disposal Facility, this 24 hectare open dump is very
instrumental in the enactment of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 after the
J uly 10, 2000 trash avalanche of towering mountain of garbage buried 205 people alive. Today,
Payatas is an icon in controlled disposal. Run by a private contractor and solely contracted by the
Quezon City Government to take in trash of 2.5 million people living in Quezon City or
equivalent to 450 trucks of 1,200 metric tons each truck per day. The load is composed of
unsegregated trash 68% of which is biodegradable waste. Recyclable waste comprising 19% and
13% made up of residual waste. In effect, only 1 out of 10 truckloads of trash has been
segregated at source. Quezon City spends 40 million a month for hauling trash to Payatas.
(National Solid Waste Management Commission, 2004)
Problems Encountered
In the study conducted by Dr. J ean Faullimmel in 2011, it shows that open dump
approach remains the predominant waste disposal option in most developing countries especially
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in the Philippines primarily because it is the cheapest and most convenient. Yet the community is
aware that such types of waste disposal degrade the quality of life and cause ecological harm
(SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT by J ean Faullimmel, Ph.D.).
Acosta Michelle, Alamillo, Regine, Garcia Anna Michelle, Minto, Adreline of De La
Salle University Dasmarias conducted a study in 2009 entitled the efficiency of Republic Act
no 7924 in relation to solid waste management and disposal in selected barangays of Muntinlupa
City. Included in the Researchers findings that the problem arises in Muntinlupa City is the
people cooperation, the closure of dumpsites and the inefficiency of the contractors. The
researchers also found out that there is efficiency in the collection of garbage and its disposal if
the resident concern will cooperate, that the solution in the problems encountered by Muntinlupa
City year 2005 to 2007 is to inform people with policies and programs until they get used to it
and protect the policy needs to change the culture, lifestyle and habit of the public in terms of
proper segregation and disposal.
In 2001, Romeo R. Olaes Waste Management among households in selected Barangays
in Dasmarias Cavite concludes that consumption pattern, rapid population growth and
government programs are the factors that affect waste management practices among households.
It was also found out that waste management is a household problem and the measures being
instituted by the Municipality of Dasmarias are not adequate to address the problem on waste
management.
Catherine T. Crisostomo (2001) of De La Salle University studied Solid Waste
Management in Tagaytay. Her study entitled Solid waste management: Knowledge, attitudes
and practices of households in Core House, Tagaytay City. In the abstract of her study, it
examines the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of households in the Core House,
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Tagaytay City regarding Solid Waste Management. She used survey method in order to study on
the in-depth issues regarding solid waste management of households in Tagaytay. The study
concluded that respondents are conscious about solid waste situation in the country and they are
highly familiar with basic principles of solid waste management.
Although, majority of the population are not familiar with solid waste management
policies and ordinances of Tagaytay City with regard to the practice, most recognized waste
disposal method in the neighborhood is waste collection by truck. Respondents also displays
positive attitude towards solid waste management in terms of the role of the government and the
citizen in management and maintenance of solid wastes.
It also shows that plastic, paper and food residues are the most generated solid wastes in the
households of Core House, Tagaytay City.
Interventions
Here are the various interventions made by local government units in order to address the
problems encountered in the implementation of RA 9003:
In Davao City, the Local Government launched the Barangay Solid Waste Management
Contest in order to intensify the strict compliance and observance of RA 9003 and City
Ordinance No. 361 or Davao Citys Waste Segregation Policy. The search started J uly of 2012
until the end of the year. The contest is open to all barangays of Davao City regardless of the
financial status, area and the number of residents. The Davao City Ecological Solid Waste
Management Board will be the one to supervise the contest and choose the panel of judges for
the competition and ensures fairness and judges will be outsourced not from Davao City. The
search has the following criteria: cleanliness and orderliness 40%, innovations -- 35 %, and
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initiative -- 25 %. A cash price of 1 million Pesos will be given to the major winner, with the
second winner getting 500,000 pesos and the third receiving 300,000 pesos.
In a thesis presented by Argueda C. Mosqueda in 2008 entitled: Successful Strategies to
Generate Community Involvement in Solid Waste Management: Three Case Studies in the
Philippines. This presents three success stories in solid waste management in the Philippines
which highlights on approaches towards community participation. The two studies focused on
the conversion of open dumpsites into a waste processing zone namely the Controlled Waste
Disposal Facility in Payatas, Quezon City and the Eco Waste Processing Center in Los Banos,
Laguna. The other success story was in Brgy. Masili, Calamba City, Laguna which highlights
information, education and community- based projects with emphasis on community awareness
in solid waste management in the local level. The study also concludes that people participation
is deeply rooted in political mobilization of their local leaders and these leaders must take the
initiative to make a difference. In addition, the importance of strong advocacy, community
awareness and consciousness, partnership and networking of stakeholders plays a vital role in the
success of the program/policy.
The Resources, Environment and Economics Center for Studies, Inc.s (REECS) 2002
study on household waste management systems and Bennagen, Nepomuceno, Covar in 2002 the
attitudes and behavior of the communities in two barangays in Metro Manila showed that: waste
management is still perceived by many as the responsibility of government. Public participation
in waste management, especially in segregation at source, remains limited. More extensive
awareness- raising activities and training on ecological waste management are needed, together
with stricter enforcement of the Law and local ordinances must be observed and there is lack of
community empowerment and political will to resolve the problem.
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In a study conducted by Cruz, D.R., Laurito, J . Et al. (2009) entitled: An Evaluation on
the Solid Waste Management Program from Household to Dumpsite in Marikina City. They
have concluded in their research that the success of the city in solid waste management is derived
from the compliance of the household residents and by the strong and unwavering will of the
leaders in Marikina to boost the solid waste management and strong acceptance of the residents
to the solid waste management strategies. In a survey conducted by the researchers in Marikina,
it shows that 100% or all of the 405 respondents practiced waste segregation and in the record of
the CENRO of Marikina it shows that 98% compliance of its residents to this strategy in 2006 to
2007 and 99% conformity on 2008. In 1995, 5 years before the enactment of RA 9003 or the
ecological solid waste management act of 2000, Marikina City has already addressed the waste
management problems of the city thru the Waste Management Office which was created 1995
and was replaced by City Environmental Management Office (CEMO) in 2000 and was able to
practice recycling, reuse and reduction of residual waste.
In a study done by Dr. Maribeth R. Bravo, Associate Professor, School of Urban and
Regional Planning of University of the Philippines-Diliman in 2006. The study was entitled An
Evaluation of the solid waste management system in Marikina City, Philippines with comparison
in Tsukuba City, J apan. The study showed that the Philippines thru Republic Act 9003 is
centered on the reduction, collection and disposal while J apan laws are geared towards waste
recycling in a consumer-driven society. Both cities are similar when it comes to segregation and
in Marikina there are two types of waste materials; the biodegradable and non biodegradable
where as in Tsukuba City; there are four general types of waste these are burnable, recyclable,
non burnable and over-sized garbage. In conclusion with this study, Marikina City is successful
in the implementation of solid waste management and its strategies brought about the
22

unwavering will of the local leadership and the eagerness of the residents to comply. Where in
Tsukuba City, the policy is focused on creating a culture of waste recycling.
May of 2012, the J apanese International Cooperation Agency (J ICA) and technical
experts from the City of Yokohama are in Cebu City to help the City Government address its
problems on wastewater, flooding and solid waste management. The City of Yokohama is also
considers to extend financial assistance to Cebu City to address environmental problems through
J ICA. J apan is also working to set up a group which includes people from both governments,
private sector, the academe and nongovernmental organizations. Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) also provides that Yokohama will offer technical advice to promote eco-city
development and other technical cooperation to promote ecological and sustainable urban
development (http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2012/05/22/city-get-technical-help-
japan-222695).
In the report conducted by International Solid Waste Management (ISWA 2010) in the
City of Copenhagen in Denmark shows that the Capital of Denmark, The City of Copenhagen
has 467,000 inhabitants which live in a relatively small area of 88.2 square kilometres. It is a
densely populated city with 5,316 residents per square kilometre with number of households is
265,850 in 2010. It is the seat of the Government and Parliament, as well as of a number of
supervisory institutions. It is also the center of finance and commerce in Denmark. The good
division of responsibilities concerning waste management between the national government thru
Danish Environmental Protection Agency and the City Government of Copenhagen is observed.
The national government looks on statutory order on waste, recyclable waste from
industry and commerce (market driven), data collection and registration for waste transporters
and treatment facilities for recyclable waste on the other hand the City Government looks on the
23

local regulation, all aspects of household waste, including packaging waste, assignment of waste
for incineration and land filling from commerce and industry, classification of waste, inspections
of waste producers and treatment facilities, ownership of incineration plants and landfills and
waste planning. Because of the proper division of responsibilities, waste management in
Copenhagen is very effective and efficienct in 2010 with a total waste collected of 820,600 tons
of waste, it was successfully recycled 58%, incinerated 39%, land filling 2% and special
treatment 1%.
















24

CHAPTER III
Research Methodology
This chapter shows the design of the research and the methods that were used by the
researchers to accomplish the task. This serves as a guide or an outline in showing how the
researchers observed, approached, and treated the chosen variables.
Design
The Researchers used descriptive-qualitative method because it requires an explanation
of the particular subject of the study. Descriptive-qualitative type approaches a problem of
practice from a holistic perspective in order to gain an in-depth understanding of the situation
and its meaning for those involved (Merriam, 1988). Since this study focuses on the extent of the
implementation of RA 9003 of City of Bacoor, the descriptive - qualitative method of research
was used because it is the most appropriate method to use.
Respondents
The respondents for this study were the staff/implementors involve in the solid waste
management of the City of Bacoor. Respondents were all the officials of the City Environment
and Natural Resources Office (CENRO) and the Solid Waste Management Board. The
researchers disseminated letters for appointment interview to the following officials: Mayor
Strike B. Revilla, Chairman of Bacoor Solid Waste Management Board (SWMB), Congressman
Lani Mercado Revilla, Co-Chairman in the SWMB, Vice Mayor Katherine Evaristo, former
ABC President, Mr. Hector Loyola, Officer-in-Charge of CENRO and Councillor Rowena
Bautista, former member of the SWMB representing the Business Sector. The letters were given
and received by their respective offices as early as J uly 2013 and for the researchers requested
appointment with the above mentioned officials but the researchers were not given the
25

opportunity to interview them. However, they pointed out Ms. Theresa Calo in her capacity as
the Consultant of the City Environment and Natural Resources Office to represent them.
For the barangay level, respondents are the barangay chairman, barangay official or the
barangay councillor, who serves as the head of the barangay solid waste management committee.
There are total of 73 barangays in the City of Bacoor. The lists of 73 Barangays were gathered
from the website http://www.bacoor.gov.ph/cont/local_government/. The researchers arranged
the list of barangays in alphabetical order according to the two (2) Legislative Districts of Bacoor
namely District 1 or the Lumang Bayan and District 2 or the Bagong Bayan. With respect to how
the barangays were identified by the researchers.
The researchers intentionally chosen the 5 model barangays of the City of Bacoor when it
comes to solid waste management after which barangays are chosen starting the count from the
first barangay in the alphabetical list and then counted one and two therefore, the barangay that
will spot on number 2 will be the chosen barangay disregarding the 5 model barangays. Figure 1
and figure 2 will show on how the barangays were chosen, it is indicated that the name of the
barangay in bold letters are chosen by counting the barangays with bullets and in bold character
are the models barangay of the City of Bacoor when it comes to solid waste management which
are intentionally chosen. For Figure 1 the respondent barangays are Aniban 1, Aniban 3,
Aniban 5, Camposanto, Digman, Kaingin, Habay 2, Ligas 2, Mabolo 1, Mabolo 3, Maliksi 1,
Maliksi 3, Niog 2, Panapaan 1, Panapaan 3, Panapaan 5, Panapaan 7, Real 1, Salinas 1,
Salinas 3, San Nicolas 1, San Nicolas 3, Tabing-Dagat, Talaba 2, Talaba 4, Talaba 5, Talaba 7,
Zapote 2 and Zapote 4. For Figure 2 the respondent barangays are Bayanan, Mambog 2,
Mambog 4, Molino 1, Molino 3, Molino 4, Molino 5, Molino 7, Queens Row Central and Queens
Row West.
26

A total of 39 barangay respondents out of the 73 barangays of the total barangay
population is the target of this study.
Figure 1: City of Bacoor Legislative District 1
District 1
Alima
Aniban 1
Aniban 2
Aniban 3
Aniban 4
Aniban 5
Banalo
Camposanto
Daang - Bukid
Digman
Dulong-Bayan
Kaingin
Habay 1
Habay 2
Ligas 1
Ligas 2
Ligas 3
Mabolo 1
Mabolo 2
Mabolo 3
Maliksi 1
Maliksi 2
Maliksi 3
Niog 1
Niog 2
Niog 3
Panapaan 1
Panapaan 2
Panapaan 3
Panapaan 4
Panapaan 5
Panapaan 6
Panapaan 7
Panapaan 8
Real 1
Real 2
Salinas 1
Salinas 2
Salinas 3
Salinas 4
San Nicolas 1
San Nicolas 2
San Nicolas 3
Sineguelasan
Tabing-Dagat
Talaba 1
Talaba 2
Talaba 3
Talaba 4
Talaba 5
Talaba 6
Talaba 7
Zapote 1
Zapote 2
Zapote 3
Zapote 4
Zapote 5 (Longos)

Figure 2: City of Bacoor Legislative District 2
District 2
Bayanan
Mambog 1
Mambog 2
Mambog 3
Mambog 4
Mambog 5
Molino 1
Molino 2
Molino 3
Molino 4
Molino 5
Molino 6
Molino 7
Queens Row
Central
Queens Row East
Queens Row West
27

Instrument
The researchers collected data about the City of Bacoor thru its CENRO. The researchers
also used interview guide as the main method of data gathering to validate and clarify the record
reviews. The interview guide used by the researchers will be shown in Appendix 1 and 2.
Data Gathering Procedure
The researchers gathered documents pertaining to solid waste management of the City of
Bacoor through an official letter recognized by the University which served as a formal request
for communication and documentation. The formal letter was endorsed by the chairman of the
Social Sciences Department and the Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Communication that
was given to the Local Government of Bacoor and 39 selected barangays to serve as a formal
communication for securing interview permission and acquiring necessary documents/records.
After the researchers acquired necessary information and pertinent documents vital to the
research, the researchers compared it to the reviews of related literature gathered prior and then
conducted an interview guide with the policy implementors. The Researchers interpreted the
data and made a discussion.
Data Analysis
The researcher used a chart in illustrating the data gathered through interview. This
presented the interviewers guide questions to the staff/personnel and official of the CENRO,
SWMB and selected barangays in a clustering group of city of Bacoor. The chart shows the
interpretation of the answer of the respondents interviewed by the researchers.
Sample chart:
Theme J ustification Interpretation

28


The theme is the common answers of the respondents grouped by the researchers.
J ustification is the actual words of the respondents and the interpretation is the observation of the
interview conducted.
29

CHAPTER IV
Presentation, Analysis, and Interpretation of Data
This chapter is focused on the data presentation, analysis and interpretation regarding the
assessment of the extent of the implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act
(Republic Act 9003) of the City of Bacoor.
Table 1. Presence of Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee in the City of Bacoor
Republic Act 9003 mandates the creation of a Barangay Solid Waste Management
Committee (BSWMC) in every barangay and the presence of a local solid waste management
board in every municipality, city and province that shall prepare, submit and implement a plan
for the safe and sanitary management of solid waste generated in areas under its geographic and
political coverage.

Theme


J ustification

Interpretation

1. Present and with existing
Barangay Solid Waste
Management Committee
(BSWMC)

Meron kaming Barangay
Solid Waste Management
Committee
Meron ngunit nasa
Committee on
Environmental Protection
Meron ngunit nasa
Committee on
Environment Management
Meron ngunit nasa Environment
Committee
Meron ngunit nasa Environment
Committee with Kalahisid
Organization
Meron ngunit nasa
Committee on Disaster Risk
Reduction Management
Meron ngunit nasa Committee
on Clean and Green

Most barangays have a Barangay
Solid Waste Management
Committee (BSWMC) however
there were few barangays
responded that they have
BSWMC but it is under a
different Committees namely:
Committee on Environmental
Protection, Environment
Management, Environment,
Disaster Risk Reduction
Management and Clean and
Green and it shows that barangay
committees acts on the solid
waste management issues of their
respective barangays.
30

Interpretation
Table 1 shows that all the 39 respondent barangays have Barangay Solid Waste
Management Committee (BSWMC); however there are six (6) barangay without the BSWMC
are disclosed by the respondents in an interview, but it is under different committee namely; two
(2) under the Environment Committee, one (1) barangay under the Committee on Environment
Management, one (1) barangay under the Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction Management
and one (1) barangay under the Committee on Clean and Green. The data gathered by the
Researchers from the City Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO) of the City of
Bacoor, provided the researchers the CENROs accomplishment report of 2012 . It shows that all
the 73 barangays of the City of Bacoor have already established a Barangay Solid Waste
Management Committee (BSWMC).
In view of the foregoing, the data gathered from the CENRO, contradicted the data based
on the interview conducted by the researchers in barangays. The CENRO is claiming that all the
73 barangays of the City of Bacoor have already complied in creating a sole committee for solid
waste management which is mandatory as stated in Republic Act 9003. However these
barangays claimed the existence of the committee but it is under a different name serving the
same functions as that of the BSWMC. The point is that these barangays still do not comply or
adhere with the mandate in Section 6 of the IRR of RA 9003 that barangays must create a
Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee, a committee that focuses on the implementation
of laws and ordinances pertinent to solid waste management.
The interview conducted to CENRO also reveals that barangays of the City of Bacoor are
compelled to create the Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee (BSWMC) which is a
separate committee that will solely focus on the solid waste management issues of the barangay.
31

It was also revealed that the salary of barangay officials are withheld by the City government of
Bacoor thru the Department of Interior and Local Government.
In the City of Tobaco in Albay, City Council Resolution No. 55-2012 calls for the
creation and re-activation of the Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee and to formulate
the solid waste management plan of their respective barangay.
In the city level, the Bacoor Solid Waste Management Board (BSWMB) is created
through Executive Order No. 10 series of 2007 of Hon. Mayor Strike B. Revilla Creation of
Solid Waste Management Board of the Local Government of Bacoor and is working with the
City Environment and Natural Resources on the effective implementation of RA 9003 in Bacoor
City. The Solid Waste Management Board designs and implements an effective Environmental
Waste and Management System including solid waste collection and disposal, conducts regular
monitoring and inspection of different industrial and business establishment in cooperation with
the Provincial Environment and Waste Management Board and designs pollution and waste
management awareness program.
Table 2. Presence of Barangay Solid Waste Management Plan (BSWMP)
Solid waste management planning according to (Uriarte, 2007) is defined as the presence
by which viable alternatives and workable programs and plans are developed to solve solid waste
problems. Section 16 of Republic Act 9003 requires local government units to prepare their
respective 10 year Solid Waste Management Plan consistent including the National Solid Waste
Management Framework. In the City of Bacoor, barangays are also mandated to create their
respective BSWMP and it shall ensure the efficient management of solid waste generated within
32

its jurisdiction and shall place primary on the implementation of all feasible re-using, recycling
and composting programs.

Theme


J ustification

Interpretation

1. Barangay with Solid
Waste Management Plan
(BSWMP)




Mayroon kaming Barangay
Solid Waste Management
Plan
Nagsesegregate kami ng
basura
Mayroon kaming pick up
points
Naghohouse to house
collection kami daily
Tamang oras ng pagtatapon
ng basura
Clean and Green
Nagcoconduct kami nang
regular canal monitoring and
cleaning
On process palang ang
aming solid waste management
plan
Nasa orientation palang
kami
sa mga residente tungkol sa
solid waste management
Nasa clustering stage palang
at wala pang Memorandum of
Agreement


Most barangays responded
that they have BSWMP
which includes
segregation,
implementation of the
pick-up points scheme,
daily house to house waste
collection, time bounded
bring out of garbage, clean
and green policy and
conducting regular canal
monitoring and cleaning.
However there were two
(2) barangays responded
that there solid waste
management plan is on
process, one (1) on the
process of orientation to
their constituents and one
(1) barangay responded
that its plan is barangay
clustering but has no
Memorandum of
Agreement yet.

2. Barangay without Solid
Waste
Management Plan

Walang plano masyado



One (1) barangay responded
that the Barangay Solid
Waste Management Plan is
not that well planned.


33

Interpretation
Table 2 shows that in terms of the presence of a Barangay Solid Waste Management Plan
(BSWMP), there were already 38 barangays out of the 39 that responded to have a BSWMP.
Solid Waste Management Plan of 26 barangays includes the practice of segregation, five (5)
barangays have established pick up points scheme for the city garbage truck to collect garbage,
four (4) barangays are practicing house-to-house waste collection, two (2) barangays are
implementing a time bound bring out of garbage, two (2) barangays have policy on clean and
green, one (1) barangay is doing regular canal monitoring and cleaning. However, there were
two (2) barangays elaborated that they have solid waste management plan but still on the process
of preparation and one (1) barangay responded that there BSWMP is not that well planned.
The creation of a BSWMP is very important because the barangay after experiencing the
problems from the grassroots level when it comes to the implementation of RA 9003 shall now
be the basis of the local government units in creating their respective 10 year solid waste
management plan. The BSWMP of most of the barangays responded is primarily formulated to
meet all households and commercial establishments must comply with the segregation scheme,
proper bringing out of garbage to be collected by the city garbage truck, clean and green and the
observance of existing laws and ordinances whether it is a city or barangay ordinance to be fully
implemented in the barangay level. However in the meantime if households do not comply with
the segregation scheme of biodegradable, non-biodegradable, recyclable, residual and kitchen
wastes, most of the barangay interviewed that they are the ones segregating the collected garbage
in their Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) or Materials Recovery System (MRS) and for some
barangays, households and commercial establishment that do not comply they will verbally
34

reprimand them and still if they do not comply their garbage will not be collected, also barangay
and business clearance will not be issued upon them.
Most of the respondent barangays views are limited to segregation at source as the
ultimate goal, collection and hauling of unsegregated garbage in pickup points and only during
the designated time every day from 9pm to 11pm only; where residents can place their garbage
to the designated pickup points where the city truck pass thru major roads and thoroughfares in
the city were the city truck will collect. According to the residents as elaborated by barangay
officials that were interviewed, that as long as the city truck is collecting garbage everyday there
is no problem on garbage segregated or not, but if it does not collect for a day the garbage will
emit foul odor and that is the only time that the people will complain on solid waste management
issues. Also the barangay maintains cleanliness in coordination with the CENRO, the presence of
CENRO eco aides and eco enforcers are seen as street sweepers and environmental law enforcers
cleaning and roaming in public market, talipapa, major roads and thoroughfares in the City.
Some barangays responded that there were also barangay eco aides/ street sweepers that maintain
the cleanliness of the perimeter of the barangay hall and its inner roads. The CENRO has also the
enforcing and apprehending powers and the barangay will only coordinate to the Office if there
is non-compliance among residents with proper time of bringing the garbage to its pickup points,
no littering, ordinance on plastic and styro foam ban, burning and illegal dumping and transport
of garbage and other prohibited acts pertaining to solid waste and environmental laws.
Maintaining the cleanliness in the City of Bacoor is a joint effort of the barangay and CENRO.
The CENRO of the City of Bacoor also keeps records of the barangay solid waste management
plan, practices and updates among barangays. The CENRO also provides technical assistance,
seminars, tours and symposium to the barangay on the implementation of RA 9003 in their
35

respective level. Respondent barangays also emphasized that CENRO officials are even able to
give a talk during barangay assembly to orient their residents on the importance of solid waste
management.
In the city level, the 10-Year Solid Waste Management Plan of the City of Bacoor is
already on process and already in 50% completion based on the CENRO accomplishment report
of 2012. They are already in the fourth and final stage of conducting the Waste Analysis and
Characterization Study (WACS) of the City to determine the volume and type of waste produced
in the City of Bacoor. It also reveals that out of the 73 barangays of the City, 69 barangays have
already a Barangay Solid Waste Management Plan submitted to CENRO.
Cebu Citys Waste Analysis and Characterization Study (WACS) in 2010 determined the
solid waste composition as follows: 66% is biodegradable, 15% is plastic, 7% is paper, 3 % is
textile and 9% is mixed waste, rubber, wood, construction debris, glass and tin. Cebu City is
generating an average of 325,000 kilograms or 325 tons of waste in a day.
Looking at the organizational structure of the CENRO of the City of Bacoor in
comparison to Davao City, the plantilla or the organizational structure of CENRO of Bacoor is
not available; however, the researchers were able to gather names and number of personnel/ staff
and enforcers. It is headed by Mayor Strike B. Revilla, CENRO Officer-in-Charge Hector R.
Loyola also in his capacity as the Chief of Staff of Mayor Revilla, CENRO Consultant Theresa
B. Calo, Admin Staff Mr. Rico Saldana and Ms. J ane B. Aurellana. In addition to, CENRO has a
total of 25 Eco enforcers and 35 Eco aides/ sweepers for Bacoor West and 39 Eco aides/sweepers
for Bacoor East. The Davao City Environment and Natural Resources Office has 4 divisions
namely; Administrative Division, Parks and Playgrounds Division, Natural Resources Operating
Division and Environmental and Waste Management Division. The proper division of
36

responsibilities in Davao City Environment and Natural Resources Office can also be adopted in
the City of Bacoor Environment and Natural Resources Office.
In the study of Dr. Bravo of the University of the Philippines- Diliman School of Urban
and Regional Planning in 2006, it shows that the Philippines thru RA 9003 is centered on the
reduction, collection and disposal while J apanese laws are geared towards waste recycling in a
consumer-driven society and Tsukuba Citys policy is focused on creating a culture of waste
recycling. It is observed that in the Philippines, the plan is on reduction, collection and disposal
while in Tsukuba City, J apan it is more on creating a culture of waste recycling among its
residents.
In the study of Canafranca and Villanueva (2001) it included the municipality of Imus,
Cavite launched HOMER S, a Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office (MENRO)
that initiated the environment plan created and designed in the name of Imus Mayor Homer
Saki Saquilayan in order to achieve its goal to have a clean and green municipality. HOMER S
stands for H- Home of birds and butterflies, O- Operation: Cleanliness and Pride, M -
Management of Toxic and Hazardous Waste, E- Environment Education, Evaluation and
Information Accessible to all, R- Reduce, Reuse and Recycle Garbage and S- for a Sustainable
Development. This plan ran throughout his term from 2001 to 2004. In a similar view, the City
of Bacoor has also the same plan used by a local chief executive in connection to his name. City
of Bacoor Mayor Strike B. Revilla has the same battle cry entitled STRIKE stands for S - Social,
Housing and Health Services, T - Traffic and Peace and Order, R - Responsible and Accountable
Governance, I - Industry and Economy Growth, K - Knowledge, Education, Sports and Youth
Development, E - Eco-agro Tourism and Environment Protection and Development.
Table 3.Presence of Materials Recovery Facility (MRF)
37

Rule 11, Section 1 of the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of RA 9003
mandates that the barangay shall be responsible for the collection, segregation, recycling of
biodegradable, recyclable, compostable and reusable wastes. MRF will be established in every
barangay or cluster of barangays and the residual waste shall then be transferred to a holding area
and then to a disposal facility or sanitary landfill.

Theme


J ustification

Interpretation

1. Presence of Materials
Recovery Facility (MRF)


Meron kaming MRF
Operational yung MRF
Meron kaming MRF pero
non-operational
MRF naming ay under
construction pa
Wala kaming MRF pero
meron kaming Materials
Recovery System (MRS)
MRS lang


Most barangays responded
that they have Materials
Recovery Facility; however,
few responded that their
MRF is not operational, few
barangay responded they
have not established an
MRF but its construction is
on- going. However, most
barangays do not have
MRF, but have MRS in
partnership with junkshops


2. Absence of Materials
Recovery Facility (MRF) or
Materials Recovery System
(MRS)


Wala

Two (2) Barangay
responded they dont have
MRF or MRS

Interpretation
Table 3 shows that in terms of the presence of Materials Recovery Facility (MRF),
twenty out of thirty-nine (20 out of 39) barangays responded that they have MRF; however, there
were three (3) barangays responded that they have the MRF structurally but it is non-operational.
Another three (3) barangays responded that the barangays MRF is on the construction process.
38

There are also 17 barangays that have no MRF but they are into Materials Recovery System
(MRS) in partnership with junkshops. Though there were two (2) barangays responded that they
dont have either MRF or MRS, MRS is the other option of the Barangay on just contract junk
shops to receive the recyclables and the city garbage truck will collect the refuse. Biodegradable
will not be collected and it is the duty of every household to compost their biodegradable wastes
or kitchen wastes.
The creation of a Materials Recovery Facility or MRF is very important to minimize the
garbage being collected by the city truck to be disposed in the final disposal area in Rodriguez,
Rizal. With MRF, garbage is now being sorted to recover materials that are to be reused or
recycled. However if MRF is not available due to the limited space of the barangays another
option is the Materials Recovery System or MRS where barangays are contracting junkshops to
collect the reusable or recyclable materials from households; however, it still does not guarantee
that only residual waste are left to be collected by the city truck because junkshops will only
collect materials with are beneficial to them. In addition, it is an option for the barangays to
come up with clustering so that one MRF may be created to serve certain number of barangays.
In the City Level, thru the CENRO accomplishment report of 2012, it shows that the
City of Bacoor has already 16 barangays with operational MRF and with four (4) on-going MRF
constructions. Also the City of Bacoor has schools and subdivisions with established MRF and
there were already 10 schools with an operational MRF, 16 subdivisions based operational MRF
as of 2012.
As discussed in the guide book entitled: Solid Waste Management Made Easy: A do-it
yourself Guide to a Community Based Ecological Solid Waste Management Programme by the
Department of Environment and Natural Resources in 2007, a materials recovery system or MRS
39

is a complete system of recovering wastes that can still be of use- from recyclable materials to
kitchen waste that can be turned into compost. It is designed to receive, sort, process and store
compostable and recyclable materials efficiently and in an environmentally sound manner.
In the study conducted by Planas, et al (2010), it covers Phase 6, Molino V, Bahayang
Pagasa, Bacoor, Cavite. It was led by the Home Owners Association (HOA), Mother Earth
Foundation and Cavite Green Coalition and among the successful communities who pioneered
solid waste management and supported RA 9003. They adopted a solid waste management
project that reduced and maintained the waste accumulated around the neigborhood through
segregation and through the establishment of a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) that served as
a depository and sorting area of collected waste.
Table 4. Final Disposal Area
Final Disposal Area is the last process of solid waste management. It is where residual
waste or waste that cannot be re-used, recycled or composted are placed.

Theme


J ustification

Interpretation

1. Residual waste collection
and final disposal area


truck ng munisipyo ang
nangongolekta
municipal truck
truck na nang munispyo
munispyo ang
nangongolekta
truck ng munisipyo ang
bahala
kinukuha ng truck ng
munisipyo


All the 39 barangays
responded that the residual
waste is being collected by the
city truck for its final disposal
area in Rodriguez Sanitary
Landfill.


Interpretation
40

Table 4 shows that all the 39 barangays interviewed responded that the City Government
of Bacoor is the one responsible for the final disposal, collection and hauling of residual wastes.
According to the National Solid Waste Management Commission in 2007, most of the
solid wastes in the Philippines are disposed to open dumpsites. There are around 794 open
dumpsites for these garbage from all the 17 regions nationwide, as composed to the 309
controlled disposal facilities. It is the responsibility of the municipal or city government to put up
adequate disposal facility for its constituents. A sanitary landfill needs roughly 30 to 50 million
pesos per hectare which makes it expensive to run.
In pursuant to the Local Government Code (RA 7160), the LGU shall be primarily
responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the provisions of RA 9003 within their
respective jurisdiction. Section 10 of RA 9003 mandates that the collection of non-recyclable
materials and special wastes shall be the responsibility of the municipal or city government.
In the case of the City of Bacoor, the city government is the one responsible for the
collection and hauling of residual waste. Having SWIMS as the citys sole garbage hauling
contractor which is at the same time, the operator of the14 hectare Rodriguez Sanitary Landfill in
Rizal. SWIMS, therefore, is the one responsible for the collection of waste throughout the city
thru the designated pickup points in major roads and thoroughfare in the city. The barangay and
CENRO coordinate as regards proper time in bringing out garbage and CENRO eco aides will
sweep small trashes that would not be placed in the garbage truck. Only residual waste must be
collected by the city truck; however, since there were rampant non-segregation of waste among
barangays, the supposed to be residual waste alone is with biodegradable, kitchen waste and
recyclable which are supposed to be sorted in the MRF, MRS or eco centers. In an interview
with CENRO, it insisted that the garbage collection of the City Truck was lessened due to
41

gradual compliance of barangays to solid waste management but due to the high urban migration
and commercialization in the City, has not been fully observed. However, the budget allocation
for the contract of hauling of garbage increased by PhP10 million in 2013 compared to 2011 and
2013. According to the Accomplishment Report of CENRO for 2012, SWIMS collects garbage
from Monday to Saturday throughout the City and have a total number of 14 to 16 trucks per day
which is equivalent to a total of 150 tons of garbage collection every day serving the population
of 520, 216 in 2010 with a growth rate of 4.33% per annum.
The amount being spent by the City of Bacoor for hauling of garbage was also
determined by the Researchers thru www.bacoor.gov.ph in compliance with the full disclosure
order of the DILG Memorandum Circular No.2010-83 and 2011-08. In 2011 The Municipal
Environment and Natural Resources Office (MENRO) of Bacoor budget allocation is PhP 61,
236,315.00 and 50 Million Pesos of the annual budget was used for Environment/ Sanitary
Services (Sanitary/ Contract on Hauling of Garbage) alone. In 2012 the budget for hauling
services remained at 50 Million Pesos and increased to PhP 61, 961,436.00 as stipulated in the
annual budget allocation. For fiscal year 2013, CENROs annual budget allocation is PhP
92,573,338.00 and 60 Million Pesos was spent for Sanitary/Contract on Hauling of Garbage
alone. This shows that in 2013, CENROs budget for sanitary/contract in hauling of garbage
alone increased by 10 Million pesos. The significant increase in the CENROs budget is an effect
of the increase in the Income Revenue Allotment (IRA) of Bacoor as a result when the
municipality became a city in 2013.
In the study conducted by Dr. J ean Faullimmel in 2011, it shows that open dump
approach remains the predominant final waste disposal option in most developing countries
especially in the Philippines primarily because it is the cheapest and most convenient. Yet the
42

community is aware that such types of waste disposal degrade the quality of life and cause
ecological harm.
Quezon City is the only Local Government Unit in Metro Manila who has a controlled
dumpsite known as Quezon City Controlled Disposal Facility. The facility is 24 hectare open
dumpsite which is instrumental in the enactment of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act
of 2000 after the J uly 10, 2000 trash avalanche. Today, Payatas is already a controlled disposal
facility, runned by a private contractor and solely contracted by the Quezon City Government to
take in trash of 2.5 million people living in Quezon City or equivalent to 450 trucks of 1,200
metric tons each truck per day. The load is composed of unsegregated trash 68% of which is
biodegradable waste. Recyclable waste comprising 19% and 13% made up of residual waste. In
effect, only 1 out of 10 truckloads of trash has been segregated at source. Quezon City spends 40
million a month for hauling trash to Payatas (National Solid Waste Management Commission,
2004).
In a report presented by International Solid Waste Management (ISWA) in 2010, The
City of Copenhagen, Denmark in 2010 has a total of 820,600 tons of waste being collected and it
was successfully recycled 58%, incinerated 39%, land filling 2% and special treatment 1%. The
effective and efficient waste management of Copenhagen can be attributed to the proper division
of responsibilities of the National Government thru the Danish Environmental Protection Agency
(Danish EPA) and the City Government of Copenhagen.
Table 5. Problems encountered by the barangay in implementing RA 9003
This pertains to the issues and difficulties experienced by the City of Bacoor on the
implementation of RA 9003.
43


Theme


J ustification

Interpretation

1. Problems


Walang disiplina at hindi
nasunod ang mgatao
Walang waste segregation
Nagtatapon sa ilog at
dagat
Wala sa oras ang pagtapon
ng basura
Walang pakundangan ang
pagtatapon
Mga dayo ang nagtatapon
ng basura saamin
Pagsusunog ng basura
Too many informal
settlers
CR ng mga tao diretso sa
dagat
Market place is full of
unsegregated garbage
Problem in implementing
the environmental law
Di nahuhuli ang mga
violators at bihira kung
makahuli
Hindi regular ang
pagdating ng truck para
mangolekta ng basura
Hindi regular ang street
sweeping
Walang pondo
Maliit lang ang aming
space


Most barangays responded
that the problem is on the
cooperation and willingness of
the people when it comes to
proper solid waste
management, problem because
of the poor social condition of
the people, poor
implementation of existing
environmental laws, poor
enforcement against solid
waste management violators,
poor implementation of
Bacoor city governments
policy on solid waste
management, insufficient
funds, lack of space











2. No problem encountered


Wala naman

Two (2) barangays responded
that they dont experience
problems about solid waste
management.



44

Interpretation
Table 5 shows that in implementing the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (RA
9003) in the City of Bacoor, there were problems encountered by the barangays which included
problems in terms of the cooperation and willingness of the people. Based on the interview
conducted by the researchers, twenty one out of the thirty-nine (21 out of 39) barangays revealed
that the people living in their place have no discipline in participating to proper solid waste
management. A common problem in ten (10) barangays is that residents do not segregate their
wastes from their households and in another ten (10) barangays the issue is on residents who
dump/ throw their garbage into rivers and into Bacoor Bay. In nine (9) barangays, the problems
about peoples non-compliance with the prescribed time in bringing the garbage to the pick-up
area as provided in the City ordinance/barangay ordinance. In seven (7) barangays, these has
been rampant littering and illegal dumping in their area, two (2) barangays responded that they
have problems with people who do not live within their jurisdiction throw garbage into their
place, and two (2) barangays responded that people practice garbage burning.
In addition to the cooperation and willingness of the people, the residents of these
barangays experienced problems with regard to the social condition of the people: There were
five (5) barangays that have many informal settlers which makes it impossible to practice proper
solid waste management; in two (2) barangays, some of their residents have no access to toilets
making the whole Bacoor Bay their comfort room; one (1) barangay has a problem with the
market place which is full of unsegregated garbage. In addition, two (2) barangays revealed that
they have problems with the implementation of existing environmental laws; two (2) barangays
face problems because of many violators against the environmental laws brought about by
enforcement; three (3) barangays stated that their problem is the irregular pick-up of garbage by
45

the City truck; one (1) barangay said that their problem is the irregular street sweeping in their
area.
There were three (3) barangays that had problems on the implementation of RA 9003 due
to fund constraints. One (1) barangay said their problem is the insufficient space in their area to
produce MRF or MRS to put into practice solid waste management. Two (2) barangays
responded that they did not encounter any problem at all as regards the implementation of
Ecological Solid Waste Management in their place. Respondent barangays commented that one
of the major problems that they encounter is when the city truck, which is supposed to collect
garbage everyday will not collect. This results to the accumulation of large volume of garbage in
the city which is the cause why the community will complain because of foul odor from the
garbage dumped on pickup points designed by CENRO and the barangay.
In a study of Crisostomo (2001) of De La Salle University, she examines the knowledge,
attitudes and practices (KAP) of households in the Core House, Tagaytay City regarding Solid
Waste Management. She used survey method to have an in-depth analysis on issues regarding
solid waste management of households in Tagaytay. The study concluded that respondents are
conscious about solid waste situation in the country and they are highly familiar with basic
principles of solid waste management. Although, majority of the population are not familiar with
solid waste management policies and ordinances of Tagaytay City with regard to the practice,
most recognized waste disposal method in the neigborhood is waste collection by truck.
Respondents also displays positive attitude towards solid waste management in terms of the role
of the government and the citizen in management and maintenance of solid wastes. It also shows
that plastic, paper and food residues are the most generated solid wastes from the households of
Core House, Tagaytay City.
46

The study of Olaes (2001) concludes that the consumption pattern, rapid population
growth and government programs are the factors that affect waste management practices among
households. It was also found out that waste management is a household problem and the
measures being instituted by the Municipality of Dasmarias are not adequate to address the
problem on waste management.
Acosta et al. of De La Salle University- Dasmarias conducted a study in 2009. Included
in the researchers findings that the problem arises in Muntinlupa City is in the peoples
cooperation, the closure of dumpsites and the inefficiency of the contractors. The researchers
also found out that there is efficiency in the collection of garbage and its disposal if the resident
concern will cooperate; that the solution to the problems encountered by Muntinlupa City year
2005 to 2007 is to inform people about policies and programs until they get used to them. To
protect the policy there is a need to change the culture, lifestyle and habit of the public in terms
of proper segregation and disposal.
The local government unit of Cebu City in 2012 considers the following as their major
solid waste management challenges; Cebu Citys Inayawan Sanitary Landfill has reached full
capacity and its operation further violates the law, the lack of landfill closure plan, absence of a
10-year solid waste management plan, significant volume of wastes still ends up at the transfer
station and lack of measures to reduce the volume through source reduction and waste
minimization measures such as composting, recycling, reuse, etc.
Table 6. Solutions made by the Barangay regarding the problems encountered in implementing
RA 9003
47

This pertains to the immediate solution made by the barangay in response to the problems
encountered in the implementation of RA 9003.

Theme


J ustification

Interpretation

1.The barangay implemented
policies, projects, programs,
lectures, dialogue, regular
monitoring in response to the
problems encountered in the
practice of proper solid waste
management





Nagwawarning at nagiimpose
kami ng penalty sa di susunod
Gumawa kami ng barangay
ordinance
No Segregation- no collection
policy
Kumuha kami ng street
sweepers
Anti-Littering Campaign
No segregation- no business
permit or barangay clearance
All jeepneys and tricycles ay
mayroon trash can dapat
No selling of ice water and no
soft drinks in plastic yelo
Gumawa kami ng garbage
pushcarts
Gumawa kami ng public CR
Clean-up drive
Ininclude naming ang solid
waste management lecture
saaming barangay assembly
May tree planting activity
Naghohouse to house kami sa
pagkolekta ng basura araw araw
Nagdidialogue kami sa mga
homeowners
Regular ang aming
monitoring


Most barangays responded that
they did something in response to
the problems encountered on the
implementation of RA 9003
which includes implementation of
policies, warnings and penalty for
those who will be caught violating
solid waste management, also the
barangays created an ordinance,
similar policies were also created
such as no segregation- no
collection, hiring of street
sweepers, anti-littering campaign,
no segregation- no business permit
or barangay clearance policy,
Clean up drive, tree planting, daily
house to house waste collection,
dialogue with homeowners,
barangays also include solid waste
management lecture in barangay
assembly, Public Utility Vehicles
(PUV) such as J eepneys and
tricycles operating within the
barangay must have trash cans
accessible to their passengers to
avoid indiscriminate littering, no
selling of ice water and no soft
drinks in plastic yelo throughout
the barangay to avoid
indiscriminate littering especially
stores near public and private
schools and hired street sweepers
to maintain the cleanliness of their
barangay. Some barangay also
created garbage pushcarts and
public CR to encounter problems
on solid waste management.


2. The barangay did nothing
about solid waste management


Wala

Hindi
Two (two) barangays responded
wala and hindi about problems
encountered by the barangay
government on solid waste
management.
48

Interpretation
Table 6 shows that there were solutions made by the barangay to address the problems
encountered in implementing RA 9003. The barangays as part of the solution to the problems
encountered, implemented policies and penalties, created projects and conducted programs,
meetings and regular monitoring to counter the problems they experience and executed laws on
solid waste management practice.
It also shows that barangays include the implementation of policies/penalties as part of
the solutions made in barangay level: twenty one (21) barangays responded that they give
warnings to those violators and after several warnings they will impose sanctions/penalties such
as community service, fines and imprisonment; eleven (11) barangays responded that they
created ordinance in relation to solid waste management, five (5) barangays responded that they
have implemented the no segregation no collection policy to solve the problem in non-practice of
proper solid waste management, two (2) barangays responded that they hired street sweepers in
order to maintain the cleanliness of the barangays, two (2) barangays responded that they
implement anti-littering campaign, one (1) barangay said that it implemented the no segregation-
no business permit or barangay clearance policy, one (1) barangay implemented that public
utility vehicles (PUV) such as jeepneys and tricycles operating within their barangay must have
trash cans accessible to their passengers to avoid indiscriminate littering, one (1) barangay
implemented no selling of ice water and no soft drinks in plastic yelo throughout their barangay
to avoid indiscriminate littering especially stores near public and private schools.
There were two (2) barangays responded that they created garbage push carts as solutions
to problems on solid waste management and one (1) barangay said that it created public comfort
room (CR) for residents in order to stop them in making the whole Bacoor Bay as their comfort
49

room. Barangays also conducted programs, lectures and regular monitoring: ten (10) barangays
conducted clean-up drive to address the problem on solid waste management, five (5) barangays
include lectures/seminars on proper solid waste management in their barangay assembly, three
(3) barangays responded that they hold tree planting activity, three (3) barangays conduct daily
house to house garbage collection to address the problem on solid waste management, one (1)
barangay responded it conducts dialogues with the homeowners associations in their barangay
about solid waste management and 1 (one) barangay responded that it regularly monitors
barangay cleanliness. There were also 2 out of 39 barangays that did nothing about solid waste
management based on the interview made by the researchers it was justified by wala and
hindi response to the researchers question Paano nio tinutugunan ang mga problemang inyong
hinaharap?
The role of the barangay which belongs to the grassroots level is vital on the
implementation of RA 9003. Barangay needs to enforce laws, ordinances, policies and programs
so that solid waste management can be fully implemented with the unwavering support of the
local chief executive, the punong barangay and the active participation of the people including
civic organizations. The proper communication and cooperation of the barangay and the city
government is also seen significant to fully enforce the mandates of RA 9003 in creating a clean,
hazard free and able to practice recycling, reuse and reduction of residual waste.
According to the National Solid Waste Management Commission, what the barangay
needs to do is actually covered by what is called the 5 Es- engineering, education,
enforcement, environment organization and equity.
In a thesis presented by Mosqueda in 2008; it shows three success stories in solid waste
management in the Philippines which highlights on approaches towards community
50

participation. The two studies focused on the conversion of open dumpsites into a waste
processing zone namely: the Controlled Waste Disposal Facility in Payatas, Quezon City and the
Eco Waste Processing Center in Los Banos, Laguna. The other success story was in Brgy.
Masili, Calamba City, Laguna which highlights information, education and community- based
projects with emphasis on community awareness in solid waste management in the local level.
The study also concludes that people participation is deeply rooted in political mobilization of
their local leaders and these leaders must take the initiative to make a difference. In addition, the
importance of strong advocacy, community awareness and consciousness, partnership and
networking of stakeholders play a vital role in the success of the program/policy.
In a study conducted by Cruz, et al. (2009), they have concluded that the success of
Marikina City in solid waste management is derived from the compliance of the residents and by
the strong and unwavering will of the leaders to boost the solid waste management and strong
acceptance of the residents to the solid waste management strategies.
According to the Resources, Environment and Economics Center for Studies, Inc.s
(REECS) and Bennagen, et al. in 2002, waste management is still perceived by many as the
responsibility of the government. Public participation in waste management, especially in
segregation at source, remains limited. More extensive awareness- raising activities and training
on ecological waste management are needed, together with stricter enforcement of the Law and
local ordinances.
Table 7. City Government of Bacoors intervention to the problems encountered on the barangay
level on the implementation of RA 9003
51

This pertains to the immediate solution made by the City Government in response to the
problems encountered on the implementation of RA 9003.

Theme


J ustification

Interpretation

1. Technical and
administrative strategies made
by the City Government of
Bacoor as interventions on the
problems encountered by the
barangays in implementing
RA 9003.


Nag-implement ang city
hall ng plastic and Styrofoam
ban
Nagpapaseminar, trainings
at nagbibigay ng technical
assistance ang CENRO
saamin
Full support si Mayor
Nag conduct ang city hall
ng contest parasa cleanest and
greenest barangay ng Bacoor
Munisipyo ang
nagbabayad ng taga hakot ng
basura
CENRO ang nang huhuli
ng violators
Required ang beneficiaries
ng PPPP na tumulong sa solid
waste management
regular kaming
nagrereport sa CENRO

Most barangays responded that
the City Government of Bacoor
intervened to the barangay level
and such intervention includes
implementation of plastic and
styrofoam ban throughout the
City of Bacoor, the CENRO
gives seminars, trainings and
technical assistance to
barangays. Barangays also
emphasized that the City Mayor
is in full support; moreover, the
city government held a contest
for the cleanest and greenest
barangay in the City of Bacoor,
also the City Government is the
one shouldering the expense in
the hauling of garbage
throughout the city, City Social
Welfare and Development
Office thru the Pantawid
Pamilyang Pilipino Program
(PPPP) beneficiaries are
required to help in the solid
waste management of their
respective barangays. Also, the
violators are being caught by
CENRO and barangays are
regularly reporting to CENRO
about their solid waste
management as part of the
intervention made by the LGU
to the barangay level.


Interpretation
52

Table 7 shows that the Local Government of Bacoors intervention to barangay level
includes that 15 barangays responded that the City Government is implementing Plastic and
Styrofoam Ban throughout the City of Bacoor as an intervention in problems of solid waste
management. Also, 16 barangays responded that the City Governments intervention is by giving
seminars/ trainings and technical assistance of barangays by the CENRO. 10 barangays
responded that the City Mayor is in full support on the implementation of the Ecological Solid
Waste Management Act and by implementing local laws pertaining to environmental laws. Five
(5) barangays responded that the City Government gives incentives/ rewards and recognition in
the Search for the Cleanest and Greenest Barangay in the City of Bacoor. Four (4) barangays
responded that the City Government is the one shouldering the expense of collecting and hauling
of residual waste in their barangay. Two (2) barangays responded that the power to enforce and
apprehend violators in relation to RA 9003 in done by the City thru CENRO. One (1) barangay
responded that they are regularly reporting to CENRO in the status of their solid waste
management practice. However there were three (3) barangays responded that they experienced
no problem/ no intervention of the city government to them.
At the city level, According to CENRO, the City Government of Bacoor intervenes in
addressing the problems on solid waste management through creation of ordinances, policies,
executive orders and administrative orders pertaining to solid waste management such as the
giving of Notice of Deficiency to barangays who failed to comply to RA 9003 in collaboration to
the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) in holding the honorarium of
barangays officials who failed to comply in creating BSWMC, BSWMP and MRF or MRS,
Plastic and Styrofoam Ban (Municipal Ordinance No. 14 series of 2002), Environmental Code of
Bacoor (Municipal Ordinance No. 4 series of 2008), drop and pick up stations for the orderly
53

and efficient garbage disposal and collection (Municipal Ordinance No. 6 series of 2002), an
Order reorganizing the City Solid Waste Management Board (Executive Order No. 19 series
2012), an Order creating Bacoor Task Force Kalikasan (Executive Order No. 1 series of 2012),
creation of Solid Waste Management Board of the Local Government of Bacoor (Executive
Order No. 10 series of 2007). However the researchers were not given the exact Executive Order
by the CENRO for the succeeding laws: mandates the creation of Barangay Solid Waste
Management Board in response to RA 9003; mandates the creation of Materials Recovery
Facility or Materials Recovery System in all barangays of Bacoor, mandates all subdivisions
existing and on process of applying for permit with the LGU to include the creation of MRF and
tree planting in the subdivision plan to plant 100 trees per hectare and illegal posting of banners,
As part of the local governments intervention to the barangay level, Davao City
launched the Barangay Solid Waste Management Contest in order to intensify the strict
compliance and observance of RA 9003 and City Ordinance No. 361 or Davao Citys Waste
Segregation Policy. The search has the following criteria: cleanliness and orderliness 40%,
innovations -- 35 %, initiative -- 25 %. A cash price of 1 Million Pesos will be given to the major
winner, with the second winner getting 500,000 Pesos and the third receiving 300,000 Pesos.
This barangay solid waste management contest can be seen as a way of promoting the solid
waste management in the barangay level and also in order to catch the attention and the
maximum participation of the barangay officials and people.
The City of Bacoor, as part of its intervention to the barangay level, launched the Search
for the cleanest and greenest barangay in 2012. This contest is open to all barangays of the City
of Bacoor and the awarding of winners is on quarterly basis. The City Government of Bacoor for
2013 allocated a total of 5 Million Peso Fund for years search. The 1
st
price is 100,000 Pesos,
54

2
nd
price is 75,000 Pesos and for the 3
rd
price is 50,000 Pesos. The price is only good as
convertible to project. The winning barangays per quarter will request to the city government a
project which is equivalent to the winning price.
Cebu City in 2012 asks the J apanese International Cooperation Agency (J ICA) and
technical experts from the City of Yokohama to help the City Government address its problems
on wastewater, flooding and solid waste management. The City of Yokohama also considers to
extend financial assistance to Cebu City to address environmental problems through J ICA.
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) also provides that Yokohama will offer technical advice
to promoting eco-city development and other technical cooperation to promote ecological and
sustainable urban development (http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2012/05/22/city-
get-technical-help-japan-222695).












55

CHAPTER V
Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation
This chapter is focused on the summary, conclusion and recommendation on the extent of
the implementation of Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003) in the City of
Bacoor, Cavite between the years of 2007 to 2012.
Summary:
1. What is the extent of the implementation of RA 9003 in terms of the presence of: City
Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO), Solid Waste Management Board
(SWMB), 10-Year Solid Waste Management Plan (SWMP), Materials Recovery Facility (MRF)
and Final Disposal Area.
In the City of Bacoor there is the presence of City Environment and Natural Resources
Office (CENRO), Solid Waste Management Board (SWMB), but the 10-Year Solid Waste
Management Plan (SWMP) is still on progress and reached 50% completion as of the end of
2012. CENRO officials added that they are still on the process of conducting the Waste Analysis
and Characterization Study (WACS) of the City of Bacoor to determine the type and volume of
wastes produced by the City of Bacoor. According to CENRO, the target date of the completion
of the Bacoor 10-Year Solid Waste Management Plan is on J uly 2013 and it will be submitted to
the City Council for approval and then forwarded to the National Solid Waste Management
Committee for approval on national standards. However, the barangays are tasked to create their
respective solid waste management plan.
In terms of the presence of Materials Recovery Facility (MRF), there is no city level
operating MRF but the barangays are mandated to create MRF or MRS. It also shows that twenty
56

out of thirty-nine (20 out of 39) barangays interviewed have MRF though three (3) barangays
responded that their MRF is structurally present but non-operational and in three more (3)
barangays, their MRF is still under construction. There were also seventeen (17) barangays that
do not have MRF but instead they have Materials Recovery System (MRS) in partnership with
junk shops. The main reason for not having MRF is the limited space available for the barangay
to set up such facility. In the City of Bacoor, the creation of MRF is not only limited in the
barangay level because the city government is promoting the creation of MRFs in schools and
subdivisions. In terms of the presence of a Final Disposal Area, the City of Bacoor is free from
any operating sanitary landfill and open dump sites. The study also reveals that the Final
Disposal Area of the City of Bacoor is the Rodriguez Sanitary Landfill in Rizal which is, at the
same time, being operated by the Citys sole garbage hauling contractor, Solid Waste
International Management System (SWIMS).
2. What are the problems encountered by the City Government of Bacoor in the implementation
of RA 9003 from 2007 to 2012?
At the city level, according to CENRO the problems encountered in the implementation
of RA 9003 from 2007 to 2012 were: the non-compliance of barangays regarding the need to
create a barangay solid waste management committee, barangay solid waste management plan
and Materials Recovery Facility or Materials Recovery System. It is only on the mid of 2007 to
2012 that there is a gradual compliance among barangays. Lack of discipline, indiscriminate
littering and dumping of garbage, early or late bringing out of garbage are most of the problems
encountered by the City Government in implementing RA 9003. It also reveals that the City calls
for the unwavering will and acceptability of barangay officials and the positive social
57

acceptability and eagerness of the residents and civic and non-governmental organizations to
comply on proper solid waste management practices.
At the barangay level, the problems encountered in the implementation of RA 9003 were
problems in terms of the cooperation and willingness of the people when it comes to proper
solid waste management practice, poor social condition of the people, poor implementation of
existing environmental laws, poor enforcement against solid waste management violators,
poor implementation of City of Bacoor governments policy on solid waste management,
insufficient funds and lack of space.
3. What are the interventions made by the City Government of Bacoor in addressing the
problems from 2007 to 2012?
At the city level, the City Government of Bacoor intervenes in addressing the problems
on solid waste management from 2007 to 2012. According to CENRO, the City Government
intervenes through technical and administrative strategies such as giving of lectures, seminars,
trainings, constant monitoring on barangay compliance, creation of ordinances, policies,
executive orders and administrative orders pertaining to solid waste management.
According to the barangays interviewed, the City Government of Bacoor intervenes in
addressing the problems on solid waste management through the implementation of the Plastic
and Styrofoam Ban, giving of seminars, trainings and technical assistance of CENRO to
barangays, search for the cleanest and greenest barangay of the City of Bacoor, hauling and
collection of residual waste and apprehending violators.
Conclusion
1. Since RA 9003 has been fully implemented in the City of Bacoor, the researchers concluded
that multilateral cooperation between the local government unit, barangay, residents, civic and
58

non-governmental organizations plays a vital role in the success of programs implemented by the
LGU or barangay in the case of observing a proper solid waste management practice.
2. Since there are problems encountered by the city government and barangay, it can be
concluded that successful waste reduction, establishment of Environment and Natural Resources
Office, Solid Waste Management Board, 10 year Solid Waste Management Plan, Materials
Recovery Facility or Materials Recovery System and the sustainability of the local government
and barangay programs is important in studying on the extent of the implementation of the solid
waste management policy in the City of Bacoor.
3. Several interventions have been implemented in response to the problems encountered on the
proper solid waste management practice. The researchers recognize and commend the efforts
made by the City Government and the barangay to carry out the duties for the successful
implementation of environmental programs. In addressing the problems on solid waste
management; however, much more is needed to create a culture among its residents in terms of
recycling, waste reduction, proper waste management practice and maintenance of cleanliness
and sanitation in the City of Bacoor. The responsibility regarding proper observance of solid
waste management practices is the responsibility not only by the policy and decision makers but
of all the component elements of the society.
Recommendation
Local Government of Bacoor The researchers recommend the need for a deeper
analysis and study in formulating and making policies and implementing programs and projects
concerning solid waste management. The researchers also see the importance of taking into
consideration the possible linkages and cooperation between the programs and policies of local
and foreign governments in addressing the issue on solid waste management. The Researchers
59

also recommend to create a plantilla or organizational structure of the City Environment and
Natural Resources Office similar to the Davao City Environment and Natural Resources Office
which has 4 divisions namely ; Administrative Division, Parks and Playgrounds Division,
Natural Resources Operating Division and Environmental and Waste Management Division for
that proper division of responsibilities within the Office.
Civic and Non-Governmental Organizations The civic and NGOs fill the lack of the
government for the betterment of the community. The researchers recommend the civic and
NGOs to conduct further studies about the proper solid waste management practices that will
raise the level of awareness and their role on the implementation of RA 9003 that will bring
success of the program. The researchers also see the importance of multilateral cooperation
among governments, local and multinational civic and governmental organizations that will
bring possibilities on solid waste management.
Academic Institutions The researchers recommend the academic institution as early as
in the kinder level up to college to include the basic content of RA 9003 in the curriculum such
as the Reduce, Re-use, and Recycle systemfor the effective promotion of the preservation of the
environment and to create a culture of recycling citizens.
Future Researchers - The researchers would like to recommend further studies about
the topic to deepen the understanding and analysis about the implementation of RA 9003.
Likewise they recommend further studies for the development of the system of waste
segregation, working solid waste management strategies, recycling and waste reduction
practices. This study will serve as a guide and reference for future researches working on the
same subject matter. The researchers are also recommending to include all of the component
barangays of the City of Bacoor as respondents.
60

References:
Cavite Development Research Program- De La Salle University- Dasmarias. (2011).
Dasmarias, Cavite.
The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (Republic Act 9003) and Its
Implementing Rules and Regulations. Department of Environment and Natural
Resources. Quezon City.
Solid Waste Management: Mapping out solutions to the local level, Philippines-Canada Local
Government Support Program.
http://lgrc.dilg10.org/v2/KP/Gov/Service/solidwaste.pdf. Retrieved Date March 1, 2013.
Faullimmel, J ean. (2011). Solid Waste Management: Environmental Mission to Cebu.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757547/Solid-Waste-Management-2011. Retrieved Date
March 5, 2013.
Olaes, Romeo R. (2001). Waste management among households in selected Barangays in
Dasmarias, Cavite. De La Salle University Dasmarias. Dasmarias, Cavite.
Mosqueda, Agueda C. (2008). Successful strategies to generate community involvement in
solid waste management: Three case studies in the Philippines. University of Toronto.
Toronto, Canada.
Crisostomo, Catherine T. (2000). Solid waste management: Knowledge, attitudes and practices
of households in Core House, Tagaytay City. De La Salle University. City of Manila.
City of Davao Official Website. City environment and natural resources office.
www.davaocity.gov.ph. Retrieved Date March 1, 2013.
Orcullo, Norberto A. (2007). Environmental management practices among Local Government
61

Units in the Province of Cavite. De La Salle University- Dasmarias. Dasmarias City,
Cavite.
Uriarte J r., Filemon A. (2008). Solid waste management principles and practices: an
Introduction to the basic functional elements of solid waste management, with special
emphasis on the needs of developing countries. The University of the Philippines Press.
Quezon City.
Caafranca, Louise Mae C., Villanueva, Sheree Lyn M. (2012). A case study on the solid waste
management program in Brgys. Bucandala I to V, Imus, Cavite. De La Salle University-
Dasmarias. Dasmarias City, Cavite.
Planas, Audrey Lea G., Orong, J ourney B., Espaldon, J ean J ustine D. (2010). The solid waste
management project of a small community in the municipality of Bacoor, Cavite: a case
study. De La Salle University- Dasmarias. Dasmarias, Cavite.
Daniel Hoornweg and Perinaz Bhada-Tata. (2012). What a waste A global review of solid
waste management. http://www.scribd.com/doc/97467178/What-a-Waste-A-Global-
Review-of-Solid-Waste-Management. Retrieved Date March 2013.
Socio Economic Profile
http://www.cavite.gov.ph/SocioEconomic_Profile/2010/8.%20Chapter2%20Human%20
Resources.pdf. Retrieved Date March 2013.
Dr. J ean Faullimmel. Solid Waste Management
http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757547/Solid-Waste-Management-2011. Retrieved Date
March 25, 2013.
Tabaco City Council Resolution No. 55-2012
62

http://www.tabacocity.com.ph/Updates/Resolutions.php?id=9. Retrieved Date J anuary
20, 2014.
Environmental problems in the Philippines: Alarming waste problem in the Philippines.
http://imagineechoprojectswaste.blogspot.com/2008/04/alarming-waste-problem-in-
Philippines.html. Retrieved Date J anuary 20, 2014.
Solid waste segregation and recycling in Metro Manila: Household attitudes and behavior
http://econpapers.repec.org/paper/eepreport/rr2002062.htm. Retrieved Date J anuary 21, 2014.
City to get technical help from Japan.
http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2012/05/22/city-get-technical-help-japan-222695.
Retrieved Date February 20, 2014.
KitaQ System Composting in Cebu City
http://kitaqcompost.net/sites/default/files/KitaQDocuments/CebuDec12Seminar/5%
20Presentation.pdf. Retrieved Date April 11, 2014.










63

Appendix I
(Interview guide for the respondents on barangay level)
1. Mayroon po ba kayong Solid Waste Management Committee sa inyong Barangay?
Kailan po natin naitatag ito? Sino po ang namumuno sa ating SWMC?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

2. Mayroon po ba tayong Solid Waste Management Plan sa inyong Barangay? Maari niyo
po ba ipaliwanag ang plano ninyo? Progreso?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

3. Mayroon po ba tayong Materials Recovery Facilty?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

4. Paano po ang Final Disposal Area?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

5. Maari niyo po bang ibahagi ang mga problemang inyong nakaharap sa pagpapatupad ng
Ecological Solid Waste Management?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________



64

6. Paano niyo po tinugunan ang mga problemang inyong naharap?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

7. Ano ang mga ginawa o ginagawang Pamahalaang Panglungsod ng Bacoor upang
makatulong sa pagpapatupad ng RA 9003 sa inyong barangay?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________




























65


Appendix II
(Interview guide for the respondents on local government level)

1.) Do you have a 10 year Solid Waste Management Plan?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
a. What is the progress of the plan?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

b. Are the goals of the plan met?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

2.) Do you have a Materials Recovery Facility?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
a. How is the performance?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
66


3.) Do you have a Final Disposal Area?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
a. How is the performance?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

4.) What are the problems encountered in the implementation of the programs and policies?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
a.) How did you address the problem?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

5.) What are the interventions made by the City Government of Bacoor?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________




67






J une 25, 2013

Kgg. PB ________________________
_______________________________

Kagalang-galang na Punong Barangay:

Magandang Araw, Kami po na kumukuha ng Political Science sa Pamantasang De La Salle-
Dasmarias ay nagsasagawa ng pagsasaliksik ukol sa pagpapatupad ng Ecological Solid Waste
Management Act o R.A. 9003 sa Lungsod ng Bacoor. Ang mga layunin nito ay:

a. Malaman at makalap ang mga ordinansang pambarangay, polisiya at iba pang mga
gawain ukol sa pagpapatupad sa RA 9003 sa inyong barangay.
b. Maitala ang papel na ginagampanan ng local na pamahalaan sa pagsasagawa ng mga
programang pangkalikasan
c. Maidokumento ang mmga gawain/programa at hakbang ng barangay tungo sa
pagpapalaganap ng isang malinis na kapaligiran.

Dahil po dito, hinihiling po namin na makapanayam naming ang ating Kagalang- galang na
Kapitan o kaya ang ating Konsehal na namumuno sa Barangay Solid Waste Management
Committee o kung sino mang pong may kaalaman sa ecological solid waste management sa ating
barangay.

Maraming Salamat po

Lubos na Gumagalang,


Ma. Aleli M. Rustia Dianil Aira B. Malabanan J ose Victor V. Paredes J ohn Calvin C. Sardia
Researcher Researcher Researcher Researcher

Endorsed:

Mr. Loreto G. Camiloza Dr. Rosalina D. Dulog Ms. J osephine L. Cruz
Faculty, Political Research Thesis Adviser Chair, Social Sciences Department

Noted:

Christian George C. Francisco, Ph.D.
Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Communication
68


J une 25, 2013
Hon. ________________________
_____________________________

Dear Sir/Madame,

Greetings in St. La Salle!

We, the undersigned are Political Science students of De La Salle University- Dasmarias
working on thesis entitled A Study on the Extent on the Implementation of The Ecological
Waste Management Act (RA 9003) in Bacoor City. The goal of this study is:

a. To identify and document specific city ordinances, policies and other administrative or
organizational interventions leading to the promotion of implementation of RA 9003 in
Bacoor City.
b. To document the involvement of the Local Government Unit of Bacoor City in the matter
of promoting sound environmental management practices.
c. To identify and highlight concrete programs/ projects or activities in the city in
promoting environmental management consciousness.

In view of the foregoing, we are requesting your support and assistance of granting us an
interview or accomplishing the attached survey questionnaire. May we also request to your good
office that we will conduct interview preferably Mr. Hector Loyola, Ms. Theresa Callo and other
City Environment and Natural Resources Officers or who is familiar or having knowledge with
the environmental management programs/projects of the Bacoor City.

Looking for your support and cooperation to this endeavor.

Sincerely,

Ma. Aleli M. Rustia Dianil Aira B. Malabanan J ose Victor V. Paredes J ohn Calvin C. Sardia
Researcher Researcher Researcher Researcher

Endorsed:

Loreto G. Camiloza Rosalina D. Dulog, EdD J osephine L. Cruz
Faculty, Political Research Thesis Adviser Chair, Social Sciences Department

Noted:

Christian George C. Francisco, Ph.D.
Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Communication

De
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UniversitY
D A S M A R I N A-S
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41 15 PHILIPPINES
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ACCOMPLISHMENT
REPORT
January
i
Decernber 2012
Republic of the Philippines
CiW of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVIRONMENT AND NATT]RAL RESOTJRCES OFFICE
. Family Care Seminar October 11,2012, ABC hall, Barangay Talaba 7
o
October 14,2O12 Simultaneous Barangay Assembly
NOVEMBER 2012
.
CENRO activity Oplan kaluluwa November 1,2012
WASTE SEGREGATION AREA IN MALIKSI l AT.ID MALIKSI 2 CEMETARY
Republic of the Philippines
City of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVIRONMEN'T AND NA'ITIRAL RESOI.JRCES OFFICE
.
August 25,2012 Coastal clean
-
up. Spearheaded by DZHR the activity entitled
Manila Bay Clean-up Makabagong Bayanihan. Participated by 500 volunteers,
including NGO's and NGA's
o
Tree planting along Molino Boulevard
SEPTEIIBER 2012
.
Operation Child labor (partnership with CSWD)
.
Zapote Discipline Zone Froject
o
Simultaneous Clean
-
up drive and Coastal Clean - up
ocToBER 2012
.
CENRO general Assembly
o
Participate in Fun Run
o
Consolidation and Consultation meeting on Solid Waste Management October 9,
2012. There are 194 attendees representing 58 Barangay.
January 4,2012
HON- STRIKE B. REVILLA
Mayor
City of Bacoor
Dear Mayor Revilla,
Listed below the Accomplishment Report and ongoing activities of City Environment and
Natural Resources ofiice
(CENRO) in relation for the
protection of Environment.
R.epublic of the PhiliPPines
City of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVIROTTIUEITIT AND NATI.,RAL RESOI'TRCES OFFICE
ACCOMPLISHMENT
REPORT
JANUARY
-DECEMBER
2012
JANUARY 2012
o MSWMB meeting
.
Eco tour at Marikina Re Dog Welfare
.
Meeting with task force Kalinisan
.
Barangiy Orientation on Waste Segregation
(Barangay Molino 6 and Springville
garden 3 Subdivision)
t=:*H,"*il'i.
tour at Teresa, Rizal together with Barangay Molino 3, 5 and
Mabolo 3 with the Barangay Captains and Council.
.
SWM lecture FEDBANGO
-
February 4,2012
.
ECA Team visitors from DENR February 7,2012
Republic of the PhiliPPines
CitY of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVM.ONMENT
AND NATURAL RESOI'JRCES OFFICE
Republic of the Philippines
City of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CruY ENVIRONMENI AND NATT]RAL RESOIJRCES OFFICE
Orientation Seminar on Waste Analysis and Characterization Survey November
9 and 10,2A12. Venue Barangay Panapaan 6, Sineguelasan, Queen's row
Central.
2tr Consolidation and consultation meeting on Solid Waste Management
November 23,2012 at ABC hall.
:
DEGEMBER2Ol2
o
Meeting and Planning session for the Conduct of ActualWaste Analysis and
Characterization Survey
o Meeting PG
-
ENRO re Plastic Ordinance
province wide.
a
a
Republic of the PhiliPPines
City of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CTTY ENVIRONMENT AND NATI]RAL RESOT.JRCES OFFICE
Mabolo 3 Orientation Seminar on the establishment of MRF
Seminar / Orientation on Plastic Ordinance
Write shop 10 year Solid Waste Management Plan (Tanza)
Provincial consultative meeting on the ordinance of Plastic
lnauguration of Materials Recovery Facility of Springville
garden 3 Subdivision'
Barangay Molino lll.
a
o
a
*{u,,,fl***"*"-*"
Republic of the Philippines
City of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVIRONMENT AND NATT'RAL RESOT'RCES OFFICE
Springville garden 3 Warehouse for ctean Recyclables
"{w!'
House to house collection of nabubulok
Springville garden
3 gomposting
area
Springville garden
3 residual waste station
W
Republic of the PhilipPines
City of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
i@
CITY ENVIRONMENT AND NATIJRAL RESOURCES OFFICE
.
Barangay Mabolo 3 Materials Recovery Facility
Barangay Mabolo 3 Composting area and Warehouse
ffir,.
,tir,ri .rli,
Mabolo 3 Urban Gardening
Republic of the Philippines
City of Bacoor, trrovince of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVIRONME}.IT AI{D NATT RAL RESOURCES OFEICE
MARCH 2012
.
Regular River ways and watenarays clean - up conducted and initiated by
CENRO and PG ENRO
Before the clean-up After the clean-up
Barangay Molino Vll and Queen's row East
Before the clean-up after the clean-up
Barangay Molino ll and Molino lll Boundary
RePublic of the PhiliPPines
CitY of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CE]VRO
CITYENVIRoNMENTANDNATI.]RALRESOI'JRCESOFFICE
After the Clean
-
uP
Before
After
BarangaY Maliksi
o Barangay Orientation
on Waste Segregation
o Participate in Fun run
o Team Building with the Department
Head
(Tagaytay)
APRIL 2012
.
Earth day Celebration
Province wide simultaneous
clean
-up
drive. Participated
by cities and
Municipatities of Cavite, PG-ENRO and PENRO, kick of Ceremony
hetd at the
City of Bacoor.
' tu lhc
FJF.!++.!.
raTrsfie i.!t#i+" trqnti:t
It
l!* !' t?
r *b**r *r itlr**tir vi r**-ra
-l--on<\P.l rt"-:.l:r
Republic of the PhiliPPines
City of Bacoor, Province
of Cavite
CENRO
CITYENVIR0NMENTANDNATI',RALRESoI.}RCESoFFICE
o Tree
planting ActivitY
. CENRO Clean
-
up drive every saturday
(Main road, Molino Boulevard and
Daang hari
o
LPGMS meeting
o Orientation
on Waste Segregation
JUNE 2012
o CENRO clean-up during the YES campaign
JULY 2012
o July 28,2}12Zapote
River / Las
pinas clean-uP simultaneous
with medical
mission
and waste segregation
seminar. There are 894
participants only from Bacoor'
Republic of the Philippines
City of Bacoor, trrovince of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL R.ESOI.JRCES OFFICE
AUGUST 2012
.
August 18,2012 Clean
-
up St. Dominic and Wawa 1 and 2
o
Launching and MOA signing of NGP in the City of Bacoor. August 24, 2012 held
at 678 Commercial complex Molino Boulevard. Participated by (9) Barangay
along Molino Boulevard and Daang hari. There are 150 participants attended in
the launching. 1,800 saplings delivered to the City of Bacoor intended only for
Molino Boulevard and Daang hari.
ffi
\spr
W.:_
r"',"-]tK.;W
HGP PBSIE.GTIi{
RePublic of the PhiliPPines
CitY of Bacoor, trrovince of Cavite
CENRO
CITYENVIRoNMENTANDNATI.]RALRESoIJRCESoFFIcE
ENVIRONTIiENTAL
COMPLIANCE
No. of BarangaYs
Sanitary landfiil Rodriguez ,
Rizal
Disposal Site
(SA Itregtst-ed and 5 monitored
Total no. of JunkshoP
MSWMB CrEAtEd
NorA Mulii
Furpose
and CooPerative
NfiTE-arangay
Based operational
MRF/
tlo. of
garangays
based MRF on-going
No. of School based MRFs
Nfif SubdivEion
based operational
MRF/
tO
Vear
Solid Waste Management
Plan
Norcf CarOage Contractor/s
Total number of trips
150 tons
Per
daY
fotal numUer of Violators Jan- December
ffilators
onlyfor ZaPote
Market SePtember
-
November 2012
Over allTotal number of Violators January
-
December2Ol2
Rei2ublic of the Philippines
City of Bacoor, Province of Cavite
CENRO
CITY ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOT]RCES OFFICE
Hope you find these report in order. Thank you.
Prepared by:
Thercsa Calo
CENRO
-
Consultant
Approved by :
HECTOR R. LOYALA
otc
-
cENRo
City of Bacoor
Number of trees/saplings planted in the
Citv of Bacoor Januarv
-
December 2O12
2,680
Number of Seminar/Trainings on Solid
Waste Management / Proper waste
segregation / lEC on Plastic Ordinance
conducted January
-
December 20'12
49
Total number of Clean
-
Up Operation
(Main roads, river ways and watenarays)
January
-
December 2012
41
69



Dianil Aira Bencito Malabanan
164 Tierra Verde Townhomes Bacoor Cavite
iamjnz@gmail.com
09351030775

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Tertiary: De La Salle University-Dasmarias
o AB Political Science (2007-2008) (2011-2014)

Secondary: Saint Vincent De Paul College, Meadowood Bacoor ; 2007

SKILLS AND COMPETENCIES

Knowledgeable in Microsoft programs such as MS Word, PowerPoint, and Excel
Possesses good oral communication skills both in English and Filipino
Has good command of the English language
Can work independently or with a team
Has good interpersonal skills
Possesses excellent listening and responding skills
Skilled in developing trust and build good rapport with customers
Highly competitive, organized, disciplined and goal-oriented.
Technologically savvy

OBJECTIVES

To be a part of a system in where I can use and further improve my knowledge and
communication skills.

To learn new things and apply my knowledge in order to be an asset for the future department
where I will work.


70

WORK EXPERIENCE

RMN ONBOOKS PUBLISHING Freelance Writer (March 2006- September 2008)

Wrote articles, test questions, and blurbs for English subject textbooks that cater to
Korean students. Textbooks produced were distributed to various English academies in
South Korea.

TELETECH PHILIPPINES BACOOR Customer Service Representative (June 2010-June2011)

Handling Inbound calls from Australia focusing on the account of Telstra which is one of
the leading telecommunications company in the country (mobile assistance).



PERSONAL INFORMATION

Born on the 29
th
of May 1990. Loves popular culture, music, literature, and sports. Amicable,
independent-minded, quality oriented. Dependable and very eager to learn.

REFERENCES

Dr. Dulog, Rosalina D.
o Ed.D. Educational Management (DLSU-D Professor)
o 09175567828
o rddulog@dlsud.edu.ph

Delmonte, Ma. Melinda S.
o MA Pol. Sci./Bachelor or Laws (DLSU-D Professor)
o msdelmonte@dlsud.edu.ph

Ms. Donna Patricia Lopez Manio
o Editor, writer, teacher- RMN ONBOOKS Publishing
o 09162291254
o donna.manio@clientcomm.net











71


Jose Victor V. Paredes
55 St. Martin Subd.Silang, Cavite
Contact #: 046-414-27-19/ 09267180819/ 09499173141
Email Address: jayvee_log@yahoo.com

Educational Background
Tertiary Level BS Computer Science Major in Computer Systems Engineering with
Specialization in Networking De La
Salle University-Manila 2401
Taft Ave Manila 1004
SY 2008-2010

AB Political Science
De La Salle University-Dasmarinas
Dasmarinas City, Cavite, 4115
SY 2010-present


Secondary Level Cavite Institute
EKB heigts.Iba, SIlang, Cavite
2004-2008

Primary Level Silang Central School
P. Montoya St. Silang, Cavite
1998-2001

Cavite Institute
EKB heigts, Iba, SIlang, Cavite
2001 2004



72


Trainings and Seminars Attended
9 February 2013 5
th
Annual National Convention of the Political Science Students
Association of the Philippines Incorporated (PPSAP, Inc.) Vigan
City Convention Center
20 August 2011 Urgent Concerns on the Philippine Criminal J ustice System: The
Prosecutors Perspective Alumni
Auditorium, De La Salle University-Dasmarinas
Affiliations and Organizations
2010-Present Paredes Funeral Home (Funeral Director)
2013-Present J unior Chamber International- SIlangPasimuno (Director for
Business)
A.Y. 2010-present Pre Law Society (Member)
A.Y. 2008-2010 La Salle Computer Society (Member)
A.Y. 2008-2010 AlyansangTapatsaLasalista (Member)
Skills and Competencies
Proficient in Communication Skills
Leadership Skills
Good Interpersonal Relationship
Dedicated and Hardworking Individual
Computer Literate
Adaptable in most Working Environment
Knowledgeable in Microsoft Programs such as MS Word, Powerpoint, and Excel
Can work independently or with a team

Personal Information
Name : J ose Victor VelazcoParedes
Date of Birth : August 10, 1992
Place of Birth : Dasmarinas City, Cavite
Civil Status : Single
Citizenship : Filipino
Fathers Name : J oseller S. Paredes
Occupation : Businessman
Mothers Name : Ma. Victoria V. Paredes
73

Occupation : Funeral Director


Character Reference
Ms. J osephine L. Cruz, Chair
Social Sciences Department
De La Salle University Dasmarinas
jlcruz@dlsud.edu.ph
09178869264

Atty. Aimee J ean P. Leaban, Lecturer
De La Salle University Dasmarinas
apleaban@dlsud.edu.ph

Mr. Sernan Medina, Regional Vice President
J unior Chamber International Philippines Cavite South
09176261627




























74

MA. ALELI M. RUSTIA
Blk 78 Lot 20 DENR Village Bahay Pangarap
Sampaloc IV Dasmarinas City, Cavite
(+63)9158528944
aleli_rustia016@yahoo.com



A. EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Undergraduate Bachelor of Arts major in Political Science (ongoing) March 2014
De La Salle University- Dasmarias
Dasmarias City, Cavite

Secondary Mary Help of Christians Montessori March 2009
San Lorenzo Heights, Dasmarias City, Cavite

Elementary Mary Help of Christians Montessori March 2006
San Lorenzo Heights, Dasmarias City, Cavite

St. Jude College
URC Avenue Salawag, Salitran IV, Dasmarias City, Cavite


EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITY

Youth Coordinator La Sallian Youth Comission Core Team 2012-2013
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

Core Leader Campus Peer Ministry (Music Ministry) 2012-2013
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

Member Pre Law Society 2012-2014
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

Member Vox La Salle Debate society 2012-2014
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

Member Great Thinkers Society 2013-2014
75


Member Narra Youth Club/ Eagle Club 2008
Crestfield Center, Las Pias

B. SPECIAL SKILLS/TALENTS

Good communication skills in both English and Filipino
Proficient in using Microsoft Office


C. PERSONAL INFORMATION

Nickname Aleli/Ling/Li
Age 21 yrs. old
Date of Birth March 16, 1993
Place of Birth Pateros, Metro Manila
Civil Status Single
Religion Catholic
Nationality Filipino

Father Lino H. Rustia
Occupation Government Employee
Mother Eloisa G. Midel
Occupation Government Employee

D. ACHIEVEMENTS/ HONORS RECEIVED

Elementary Bronze Medalist March 2005

Secondary Bronze Medalist March 2009
Best in Conduct
Best in English

College St. Joseph Service Award March 2012
For being a person of Service
Campus Peer Ministry
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

Blessed Bro. Victorians Pio Award March 2013
Music Minister of the Year
Campus Peer Ministry
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

Certificate of Recognition March 2014
For her valuable service as a member
76

Of the Campus Peer Ministry
De La Salle University- Dasmarias


E. SEMINARS/TRAININGS ATTENDED

December 2008 Narra Youth Club Leadership Training and Seminar/Workshop
Crestfield Center Las Pias


July 2009 Student Leadership Training
College of Engineering, Architecture and Technology
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

May 2012 La Sallian Youth Commission Seminar/Workshop
La Salle Santiago Zobel Alabang

July 2012 Campus Peer Ministry Leadership Workshop
Biluso, Silang Cavite

September 2012 Power of Dialogue Seminar-Workshop with the
Theme: Fostering Peace Among Lasallian Student Volunteers
POLCA, De La Salle University- Dasmarias

January 2014 Model United Nations Assembly Training and Workshop
Bulwagang Jose Basa, De La Salle University- Dasmarias

March 2014 Lasallian Mission Camp: Year 9
Campus Peer Ministry Volunteers Team Building
Lopez Farm, Naic Cavite


F. CHARACTER REFERENCE

Ms. Josephine L. Cruz, Chair
Social Sciences Department
De La Salle University- Dasmarinas
jlcruz@dlsud.edu.ph
09178869264

Rev. Father Antonio P. Perez Jr., Chaplain
De La Salle University- Dasmarinas
apperez@dlsud.edu.ph
09062320369


77




J ohn Calvin C. Sardia
Blk1 Lot 3 Saturday StreetAddas I Village
San Nicolas II, City of Bacoor, Cavite
johncalvin.canlas@yahoo.com.ph
09176381503/ (046) 4174220



EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Undergraduate Bachelor of Arts major in Political Science (on going)
De La Salle University- Dasmarias
Dasmarias City, Cavite

Secondary Saint J osephs Academy
Padre Diego Cera Avenue, Las Pias City

Elementary University of Perpetual Help System Dalta
National Road, Molino IV, City of Bacoor, Cavite


AFFILATIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS


March 2014 Director/ Rapporteur, 2
nd
De La Salle University Dasmarias Model
United Nations
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

February 5-8, 2014 Delegate, 16
th
De La Salle- College of Saint Benilde Model United Nation
De La Salle- College of Saint Benilde, Taft Avenue, Manila

2012 to Present Member, Pre Law Society
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

2012 to Present Altar Server, Campus Peer Ministry
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

2011 to Present Debater, Vox La Salle Debate Society
De La Salle University- Dasmarias

2006 2010 Knight of the Altar, Ministry of Altar Servers
Saint J osephs Academy, Las Pias City
78


2009 2010 Officer, Citizenship Advancement Training
Saint J osephs Academy, Las Pias City

2006 2009 Class President
Saint J osephs Academy, Las Pias City

2006 2009 Campus Disciplinary Officer
Saint J osephs Academy, Las Pias City


SKILLS

Computer Literate
Proficient in Communication Skills English, Filipino and Kapangpangan
Leadership Skills

PERSONAL BACKGROUND

Nickname: Calvin Age: 19 years old
Date of Birth: October 30, 1993 Place of Birth: Concepcion, Tarlac Civil
Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Religion: Roman Catholic
Father: Anastacio G. Sardia J r. Occupation: Seaman
Mother: Elizabeth C. Sardia Occupation: Housewife


CHARACTER REFERENCE

Ms. J osephine L. Cruz, Chair
Social Sciences Department
De La Salle University- Dasmarias
jlcruz@dlsud.edu.ph
09178869264

Atty. Aimee J ean P. Leaban, Lecturer
De La Salle University- Dasmarias
apleaban@dlsud.edu.ph
09175141513

Rev. Father Mark Anthony T. Reyes, Chaplain
De La Salle University- Dasmarias
mareyes@dlsud.edu.ph
09178296646