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Boala Agent etiologic Cale de transmitere Perioada de incubaie

Antrax
Bacterie - Bacillus
anthracis
obiecte, puni,
cadavre infectate,
27 zile
Boala
Lyme(Borrelioza)
Bacterie - Borrelia
Burgdorferi
cpu
infecie imediat,
sistemic - v. Boala
Lyme sau Lyme
Borrelioza
Bruceloz Bacterie - Brucelle animale domestice 2 sptmni
Difterie
Bacterie -
Corynebacterium
diphtheriae
aerosoli (picturi) tuse,
contact, haine
17 zile
Dizenterie Bacterii - genul Shigella
contact, alimente,
mute
18 zile
Dizenterie
amoebian
Parazii - Entamoeba
histolytica
contact, avort, alimente,
mute
18 zile
Eritem infecios
Virus - Virus Parvovirus B
19
contact i aerosoli 614 zile
Febra tifoid
Bacterie - Salmonella
typhi
alimente contaminate,
n special congelate,
ap
16 ore - 3 zile
Giardioz (sin.
Lambliaz)
Parazii - Giardia lamblia
ap infestat n special
apa de suprafa
1-3 sptmni
Gonoree(Blenoragie)
Bacterie - Neisseria
gonorrhoeae
contact, mai ales
contact sexual
27 zile
Erizipel Bacterie - Streptococi contact 714 zile
Grip, Viroz
respiratorie
Virui - diferite virusuri
gripale
aerosoli 12 zile
Hepatit A, B, C
Virui hepatitici : tip A, B,
C
A - alimente
nesplate,mini
murdare; B,C - snge,
contact sexual
A:2-5 sptmni ;B:60-
180 zile ; C: 2-24
sptmni
Holer Bacterie - Vibrioni holerici
ap infestat (vara - n
special Delta Dunrii)
2-5 zile
Leptospiroz Bacterie Spirochete
secreii, excreii,
obolani, ape stttoare
714 zile
Ascaridioz
Parazii - digestiv -
Ascaris limbricoides
animal- om -animal ->
mini, alimente
nesplate
~ 65 zile
Parotidit
epidemic , Oreion
Virus - Paramyxovirus
parotitis
aerosoli 1523 zile
Poliomielit(paralizie
infantil)
Virus - Poliovirusuri
obiecte murdrite cu
fecale
620 zile
Pojar , Rujeol
Virus - Paramixovirui
ARN
helicoidaliMorbillivirus
aerosoli 14-21 zile
Febr paratifoid
Bacterie - Salmonella
paratyphi
contact, ap, avort,
mute, alimente
aprox.14 zile
Pediculoz(Pduchi)
Ectoparazii - Pediculus
humanus var capitis,
corporis, pubis
(inghinalis)
de regul prin transfer
direct
imediat
Scabie (rie)
Ectoparazii - Sarcoptes
scabiae
contact direct de la om
la om; obiecte, lenjerie
infestate n primele ore
dup contact
cteva ore
ancru moale
Bacterie - Haemophilus
ducreyi
contact, mai ales
contact sexual
27 zile
Scarlatin Bacterie - Streptococci
aerosoli, obiecte
infectate
27 zile
SIDA (AIDS) Virus - HIV snge, contact sexual cca 415 ani
Sifilis
Bacterie - Treponema
pallidum
contact, mai ales
contact sexual
21 zile
Tricomoniaz
Parazii - Trichomonas
vaginalis
de regul contact
sexual, mai rar obiecte
infectate cu secreii
cteva ore
Tuberculoz Bacilul Koch
pe cale aeriana a unui
organism tarat, boala
sracilor
2 sptmni - 2 luni
Variol Virus - Orthopoxvirusuri
declarat eradicat de
OMS n 1980 aerosoli,
contact
717 zile
Enteroviroz virusuri digestive diferite
contact direct, obiecte i
alimente nesplate
infectate
2- 24 ore
Oxiuraz, (viermiori)
Parazii intestinali -
Enterobius vermicularis
om - mini- alimente
nesplate, cronic prin
reinfestare
cteva ore
Vrsat de
vnt ,Varicel
Virus- Varicella Zoster aerian si contact 21 zile
Zona zoster Virus- Varicella Zoster contact
21 zile
sau recidiva Varicelei
prin scderea imunitii
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