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Shaper Machine

Shaper Machine
Types of Shaper Machine
Horizontal Shaper Machine
Ram along with tool moves in Horizontal
Direction
Vertical Shaper Machine
Ram along with tool moves in Vertical Direction
Components of a Shaper Machine
Base
Column
Table
Ram
Tool head

Tool head
Driving Mechanism in Shaper
Machine
Mechanical Ram Drive
Automatic Feed Motion
Hydraulic Drive
Mechanical Ram Drive
Automatic Feed Drive
Hydraulic Drive
Advantages of Hydraulic Drive
Offer Great Flexibility of speed
Smoother Operation
Ability to slip when tool is overloaded
Ability to change length and position of stroke,
while machine is running

Slotting Machine
Slotter Machine
Types of Slotters
Puncher Slotter
Production Slotter
Tool room Slotter

Drive Mechanism in Slotter MAchine
Same as in Shaper machine, Slotter machine
also have
Hydraulic Drive
Slotted Disc Mechanism
Slotted Disc Drive
Operations done in Slotter
Machining flat surface
Machining cylindrical surface
Machining irregular surface and
cam machining
Machining slots, keyways and grooves

Surfaces Machined in Slotter and
Shaper Machines
Planer Machine
Components of a Planer
Machine
Bed
Table
Housing
Cross rail
Tool heads

Types of Planer Machines
Double Housing Planer
Open Side Planer
Planer Miller
Pit type Planer

Double House Planer
Open Slide Planer
Drive Mechanism
Hydraulic Drive
Variable Speed Motor
Work Holding Devices in Shaper,
Slotter and Planer Machines
Cutting Speed, Feed and Depth of Cut
in Planer, Shaper and Slotting Machine
Cutting Speed,
V = L*N(1+K)/1000 m/min
Where L = Length of arm stroke, mm
N = Number of full strokes/ min
full stroke means Working and return stroke
K = Ratio of return time to cutting time


Feed f, in planing, shaping and
slotting is relative movement of
the tool in a direction
perpendicular to primary cutting
motion per full stroke ,
mm/stroke
Depth of Cut d, is the thickness of
layer removed in one cut
Cross Sectional area of undeformed
chip = t * b = f* d
f = feed
d = depth of cut