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1.

Scope:
This pickling and passivation procedure is designed to remove weld
discoloration, heat-treating scale, and iron contamination resulting from the fabrication
process of austenitic & Duplex stainless steel.
2. AIM:
Stainless Steel plates or other forms / shapes come with a passive or inert
surface which is resistant to corrosion. During the fabrication process, which involves
cutting, welding, grinding, and drilling, this inert surface gets removed.
To put back the passive surface and remove the discoloration or oxidation
during welding the process used is called pickling and passivation.
There are different proprietary pickling and passivation chemicals available in
the market, which are generally a mix of passivating acids.
Passivation helps to improve chrome to iron ratio.
3. Sequence of Process:
Parts to be pickled shall be thoroughly cleaned of all grease, oil, or dirt.
Apply the pickling paste / liquid on the weld joints, heat treated parts or
areas to be pickled.
This can be done by applying, immersion or spraying.
The oxidized layer, de-colorization or scale is removed during this
process.
A fine stainless steel wire brush or sponge could be used to rub the
surface and make the cleaning action faster.
Rinse the surface with clean potable water having chlorine content not
more than 50 mg per liter.
Rinsing could be done with hot water and pressure jet, which improves
and speeds up the process.
After rinsing process, the fresh air will establish a passive film on the
surface of the stainless steel, which is called passivation.

5. Reports and Documentation:
Pickling & Passivation Inspection Report shall include the following as
minimum,
1.Client Name


2.Date
3.Job No.
4.Job Name
5.Vessel / Item Tag No.
6.Drawing No.
7.Result
8.Name & Signature





Prepared By Reviewed By Approved By
SIGN: SIGN: SIGN:
NAME: NAME: NAME:


PICKLING & PASSIVATION INSPECTION REPORT
CLIENT: VESSEL ID:
JOB NAME: JOB NUMBER:
DRAWING NO.: QTY.


RESULTS:














For Danem Eng Works FZE CLIENT : TPI / AI
SIGN: SIGN: SIGN:
NAME: NAME: NAME:
DATE: DATE: DATE: