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Gabriella Elnicki

STEM
Engineering method


Premature births

1. Why are so many babies born prematurely?
13 million babies world wide are born prematurely
premature birth is the No. 1 cause of newborn death in this country.
identifying biomarkers - measured characteristics that may indicate some
biological state or condition - have helped physicians predict when a patient
may be at increased risk of experiencing preterm labor.
doctors collect secretions from the pregnant woman and test them to see if
fetal fibronectin
Many parents urge for their babies to be born slightly early
During pregnancy, the fetus is surrounded by amniotic fluid, a substance
much like water. Amniotic fluid contains live fetal skin cells and other
substances, such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). These substances provide
important information about your baby's health before birth
Using these methods and advanced ultrasound we can lower the rates of
premature births
To lower the premature birth rates, these tests should be performed on all
pregnant women, not just those who show signs of problems

2. A problem in my life that I could face is getting into college and later medical
school. However, if I work hard and show the proper dedication I will succeed. Once
I have graduated medical school I will be able to further the studies of premature
babies and help the babies that are born as a neonatologist.

1.The global issue I chose was the high percentage of premature births in the world.
2. Engineers and doctors are working together to create technology that will detect
the signs of premature birth. If the signs are detected sometimes the early birth date
can be prevented.
3. To make this a successful process, machines need to be able to identify
biomarkers, proper testing of secretions must be taken, and ultrasound abilities
must be improved. All of these methods can prevent early birth, however, the child-
bearer must be willing. The child-bearer must be educated about the risks of
premature birth, shown the statistics, and she must also be made aware of how safe
the processes are.
4. Following this plan will greatly decrease the chance of premature birth. Studies
show that only 1% of women who received the test of their fetal fibronectin results
that were negative (meaning that they were not going to deliver preterm) gave birth
prematurely.
5. To make this work better it could be made mandatory, and also a more sensitive
ultrasound machine could be made to specifically look for the signs of premature
birth.