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Sample Problems on Mechanics

Sample Problems on Mechanics

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MKBanda@sun.ac.za

Applied Mathematics Division - Mathematical Sciences

Stellenbosch University

August 20, 2013

Chapter 12:

Problem 12.164

A radar gun at O rotates with the angular velocity

of

= 0.1 rad/s and angular acceleration of

= 0.025 rad/s

2

, at the instant = 45

, as it

follows the motion of the car traveling along the

circular road having a radius of r = 200 m.

Determine the magnitudes of velocity and

acceleration of the car at this instant.

Problem 12.166

If a particles position is described by the polar

coordinates r = (2 sin 2) m and = (4t) rad,

where t is in seconds, determine the radial and

transverse components of its velocity and

acceleration when t = 1 s.

Problem 12.168

The peg moves in the curved slot dened by the

lemniscate, and through the slot in the arm. At

= 30

= 2 rad/s, and the

angular acceleration is

= 1.5 rad/s

2

. Determine

the magnitudes of the velocity and acceleration of

peg P at this instant.

Problem 12.190

The box slides down the helical ramp such that

r = 0.5m, = (0.5t

3

) rad, and z = (2 0.2t

2

m,

where t is in seconds. Determine the magnitudes of

the velocity and acceleration of the box at the

instant = 2 rad.

Problem 12.184

The slotted arm AB drives pin C through the spiral

groove described by the equation r = (1.5) m,

where is in radians. If the arm starts from rest

when = 60

radial and transverse components of velocity and

acceleration of the pin C when t = 1 s.

Problem 12.160

A particle travels around a limaon, dened by the

equation r = b a cos , where a and b are

constants. Determine the particles radial and

transverse components of velocity and acceleration

as a function of and its time derivatives.

Problem 12.202

Determine the time needed for the load at B to

attain a speed of 8 m/s starting from rest, if the

cable is drawn into the motor with an acceleration

of 0.2 m/s

2

.

Problem 12.200

The motor at C pulls in the cable with an

acceleration a

C

= (3t

2

) m/s

2

, where t is in

seconds.The motor at D draws in its cable at

a

D

= 5 m/s

2

. If both motors start at the same

instant from rest when d = 3 m, determine (a) the

time needed for d = 0, and (b) the relative velocity

of block A with respect to block B when this occurs.

Problem 12.205

If the rope is drawn toward the motor M at a speed

of v

M

= (5t

3/2

) m/s, where t is in seconds,

determine the speed of cylinder A when t = 1 s.

Problem 12.214

The man pulls the boy up to the tree limb C by

walking backward. If he starts from rest when

x

A

= 0 and moves backward with a constant

acceleration a

A

= 0.2 m/s

2

, determine the speed of

the boy at the instant y

B

= 4 m. Neglect the size of

the limb.When x

A

= 0, y

B

= 8 m, so that A and B

are coincident, i.e., the rope is 16 m long.

Problem 12.218

The man can row the boat in still water with a

speed of 5m/s. If the river is owing at 2 m/s,

determine the speed of the boat and the angle he

must direct the boat so that it travels from A to B.

Problem 12.226

A car is traveling north along a straight road at 50

km/h. An instrument in the car indicates that the

wind is coming from the east. If the cars speed is

80 km/h, the instrument indicates that the wind is

coming from the north-east. Determine the speed

and direction of the wind.

Problem 12.228

At the instant shown, the bicyclist at A is traveling

at 7 m/s around the curve on the race track while

increasing his speed at 0.5 m/s

2

. The bicyclist at B

is traveling at 8.5 m/s along the straight-a-way and

increasing his speed at 0.7 m/s

2

. Determine the

relative velocity and relative acceleration of A with

respect to B at this instant.

Problem 12.229

At the instant shown car A is traveling with a

velocity of 30 m/s and has an acceleration of 2

m/s

2

along the highway. At the same instant B is

traveling on the trumpet interchange curve with a

speed of 15 m/s, which is decreasing at 0.8 m/s

2

.

Determine the relative velocity and relative

acceleration of B with respect to A at this instant.

Problem 12.235

The ship travels at a constant speed of v

s

= 20 m/s

and the wind is blowing at a speed of v

w

= 10 m/s,

as shown. Determine the magnitude and direction

of the horizontal component of velocity of the

smoke coming from the smoke stack as it appears

to a passenger on the ship.

Problem 12.236

Car A travels along a straight road at a speed of 25

m/s while accelerating at 1.5 m/s

2

. At this same

instant car C is traveling along the straight road

with a speed of 30 m/s while decelerating at 3

m/s

2

. Determine the velocity and acceleration of

car A relative to car C.

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