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# nstructions

## Things You'll Need

Tape measure
1. Determine the Pool Volume
1Measure the length of the pool in feet using the tape measure.
2Measure the width of the pool if the pool is rectangular.
3Multiply the length by the width, for rectangular pools, or
multiply half the length by half the length times pi, for circular
pools. This gives you the surface area of the pool.
4Multiply the surface area by the average depth to get the
volume in square feet.
2. Determine the Pump Size
1Convert the pool volume in cubic feet to gallons by multiplying
the volume by 7.5.
2Divide the volume of the pool in gallons by the turnover rate in
minutes to get the fow rate. The typical turnover rate is six
hours, which would be 360 minutes.
3Multiply the fow rate by the head loss factor, which is the rate
of the loss of water fow due to distance and obstructions. If
the pump is located directly adjacent to the pool, then the
factor is 1. If the pump is farther away from the pool (20 to 30
feet) or the system contains numerous bends, the factor is
1.1.
4Find a pump that will provide the appropriate fow rate for your
system.

## Tips & Warnings

NSF and IAPMO standards state that the fow rate should not
exceed 8 feet per second for copper ppe and 1! feet per
second for P"# ppe\$ A %! &allon'(nute fow rate n a 1 1'2)
nch ppe translates to a rate of *\$+ feet per second, whle a -!
&allon'(nute fow rate translates to +\$3 feet per second\$ If
.our fow rate wll exceeds ths, .ou need to use a s(aller
pu(p\$