# Code No: RR311003

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. The operation of a pneumatic comparator is represent by the equation p/P = 1.10 − b M/C for 0.6 > p/P > 0.8 Where, P= supply pressure, p - pressure between measuring and control oriﬁces b = constant = 0.5 for p of Kg/Cm2 ,M=TIDL L = Separation between the nozzle surface and the surface to be gauged D - Measurement oriﬁce diameter C = control oriﬁce are π/4d2 The control oriﬁce is 0.5mm diameter and the measuring oriﬁce is 1mm diameter hole.Calculate (a) The range of linear measurement (b) Measuring head, pneumatic gauge and overall sensitivities. The back pressure gauge has a deﬂection of 20mm for 0.01Kg / Cm2 pressure change . Air supply pressure is constant at 2Kg/Cm2 (gauge) (c) Calculate the range and overall sensitivity of the pneumatic comparator in the above problem if the control oriﬁce diameter is changed to 1.0 and all other factors remain same What do you conclude from this problem ? [5+5+6] 2. (a) Describe in detail about the principle of rotational velocity measurement. (b) How will you measure relative velocity ? Discuss brieﬂy about the basic Principle of any one method of relative velocity measurement. [8+8] 3. (a) How will you measure rotational speed by using electric tachometer? (b) Give its classiﬁcation. (c) Explain the basic principle behind the same. 4. Compare the following torque measuring instruments (a) absorption type (b) Transmission type (c) Stress type (d) Deﬂection type 5. (a) Explain the principle of vibration Exciters. (b) With the help of sketches, explain the working of direct drive vibration exciter. [8+8] 1 of 2 [4X4=16] [6+5+5]

Code No: RR311003

Set No. 1

6. Suggest some methods that may be used to measure speciﬁc gravity. Explain how a Buoyancy method is used to measure density. [16] 7. (a) List some devices for measuring viscosity in laboratory and industry. Explain any one of them. (b) Explain velocity gradient for viscosity liquids by way of a velocity proﬁle curve [8+8] 8. (a) Describe relative humidity can be determined by measuring dew point temperature. (b) Explain how dielectric constant changes with humidity changes. Explain limitations. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the possible sources of errors in electronic comparator. (b) Write a brief note on Electronic comparator (c) Mention the characteristics of pneumatic comparators [5+5+6]

2. (a) Calculate the frequency ratio for which the error in acceleration is 1% if the damping factor is 0.7. (b) A Seismic Accelerometer sensing displacement has an undamped frequency of 20Hz and a damping ratio 0.7. Calculate i. Its damped frequency ii. The amplitude ratio and phase angle between the motion of the seismic mass and the applied vibration, if the later is a sinusoidal displacement at a frequency of 30 Hz. [8+8] 3. (a) A variable reluctance type tachometer has 60 rotor teeth. The counter records 3600 counts per second. Determine the speed in rpm. (b) An Inductive pick up operating from a 60 tooth wheel is used with a digital frequency meter to determine the speed of rotation of a shaft on which the wheel is mounted the gating period is set to 104 µs and a reading of 0.024 is obtained on 4 digital display. What shaft speed does this represent in r.p.s ? if the available gating periods are 102 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 107 and10µs respectively, which would be the optimum setting of gating period for making this measurement. (c) While measuring speed of a steam turbine with Stroboscope single line images were observed for Stroboscope setting of 3000, 4000 and 5230 rpm. Calculate the speed of the turbine. [5+6+5] 4. Explain the measurement of torque using gyroscopic transducer. Derive its transfer function. [16] 5. (a) Explain the basic principle of frequency measurement using digital frequency counters. (b) What are the applications of frequency counters? [9+7]

6. What is a strain gauge? Explain the strain gauge load cell method of measuring density. [16] 7. (a) Explain the following terms: 1 of 2

Code No: RR311003 i. ii. iii. iv. Fluidity Kinematics viscosity Speciﬁc viscosity Relative viscosity.

Set No. 2

(b) What are the reasons for consistency variations. (c) Explain the variable which will aﬀect the consistency measurement. [8+4+4] 8. (a) What is Psychrometer and explain about sling Psychrometer? (b) Explain brieﬂy about aspirating Psychrometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are mechanical comparators? Why is it used ? Give its classiﬁcation. Explain each in detail . (b) Describe the construction and working principle of mechanical optical comparators. [9+7] 2. (a) What is translational velocity? (b) How will you measure it? (c) List out diﬀerent methods to measure it. (d) Describe the basic principle of any two methods. [4 × 4]

3. (a) A variable reluctance type tachometer has 60 rotor teeth. The counter records 3600 counts per second. Determine the speed in rpm. (b) An Inductive pick up operating from a 60 tooth wheel is used with a digital frequency meter to determine the speed of rotation of a shaft on which the wheel is mounted the gating period is set to 104 µs and a reading of 0.024 is obtained on 4 digital display. What shaft speed does this represent in r.p.s ? if the available gating periods are 102 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 107 and10µs respectively, which would be the optimum setting of gating period for making this measurement. (c) While measuring speed of a steam turbine with Stroboscope single line images were observed for Stroboscope setting of 3000, 4000 and 5230 rpm. Calculate the speed of the turbine. [5+6+5] 4. (a) With the help of a circuit diagram, explain how temperature compensation is done in load cell circuits for the variations of Young’s modulus with temperature. Derive the necessary equation. (b) Considering idealized model of an elastic force transducer determine its dynamic Response. [9+7] 5. Describe with the help of suitable circuit diagrams, how the following types of Measurements are carried out using a digital frequency meter (a) Single and multiple period measurements (b) Time interval measurements (c) Multiple period measurements [5+5+6]

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 3

6. Brieﬂy explain Buoyancy method of density measurement and give its advantages, disadvantages and applications. [16] 7. What are the industrial needs which make viscosity determination desirable? Classify the viscosity measuring instruments according to their principle of operation. [16] 8. (a) How the moisture content in powder, tobacco can be measured? (b) Explain the chemical reaction method and its limitations. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Calculate the CLA (Ra) value of a surface for which the sampling length was 0.8. The graph was drawn to a vertical magniﬁcation of 10000 and a horizontal magniﬁcation of 100, and the areas above and below the datum line were Above 150 80 170 40 mm2 Below 80 60 60 120 mm2 (b) In the measurement of surface roughness, heights of 20 successive peaks and were measured from a datum and were 35,25,40,22,35,18,42,25,35,22,36,18,42,22,32,21,37,18,35,20 microns If this measurement were obtained over a length of 20mm, determine the C.L.A (Ra) and R.M.S value of the rough surface [8+8] 2. Explain the diﬀerent methods of measuring linear velocity using electromagnetic transducers. [16] 3. (a) A variable reluctance type tachometer has 60 rotor teeth. The counter records 3600 counts per second. Determine the speed in rpm. (b) An Inductive pick up operating from a 60 tooth wheel is used with a digital frequency meter to determine the speed of rotation of a shaft on which the wheel is mounted the gating period is set to 104 µs and a reading of 0.024 is obtained on 4 digital display. What shaft speed does this represent in r.p.s ? if the available gating periods are 102 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 107 and10µs respectively, which would be the optimum setting of gating period for making this measurement. (c) While measuring speed of a steam turbine with Stroboscope single line images were observed for Stroboscope setting of 3000, 4000 and 5230 rpm. Calculate the speed of the turbine. [5+6+5] 4. (a) With the help of a neat sketch explain the principle and working of column type Load cell? (b) Give the speciﬁcations of column type Load Cell? [8+8]

5. A seismic instrument, used for motion measurement, of an object, has m of 100 g, spring stiﬀness 1 N/mm and damping constant 8 N-s/m. If the recorded motion has an amplitude of 3.5 mm, ﬁnd the amplitude of motion of the object if the frequency of motion is 30 Hz. Derive the formula used. [16] 6. Suggest some methods that may be used to measure speciﬁc gravity. Explain how a Buoyancy method is used to measure density. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311003 7. (a) Explain the following terms: i. ii. iii. iv. Fluidity Kinematics viscosity Speciﬁc viscosity Relative viscosity.

Set No. 4

(b) What are the reasons for consistency variations. (c) Explain the variable which will aﬀect the consistency measurement. [8+4+4] 8. (a) What are the various electrical Hygrometers. (b) Explain about Resistive Hygrometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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