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NOTRE DAME OF DADIANGAS UNVERSITY

Marist Avenue, General Santos City


A SEMI DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN
Engl i sh Grade 8
9: 30am 10: 30am MWF (1 Hour)
Room: RL 203
Date of Demo: _____________________

I. Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
identify the connection between nouns and pronouns;
recognize them in the sentences provided with the article; and
use the pronouns to replace nouns in the Times article.

II. Subject Matter PRONOUNS (45 minutes)
2.1 Materials
Slides
Handouts
Worksheets
Copies of The New York
Times

2.2 References
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/15/nyregion/at-new-york-city-parks-fishing-line-and-
hooks-pose-another-danger-to-birds.html

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/05/scrutinizing-stand-ins-working-with-nouns-
and-pronouns/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0

http://www.esldesk.com/vocabulary/pronouns
III. Methodology
A. Motivation
Present a dialogue in the class:





Ask: What conclusions can you make with their conversation?
Divide the board in half, and invite students to call out nouns and pronouns, and list
them on one side of the board. (Or, if ample space and chalk or white-board markers are
available, invite students to come up to the board, and each write one noun and pronoun on
one half of the board). Use the other side of the board to list pronouns that students can think
of.
Then have volunteers to come to the board and draw arrows between nouns and
pronouns that can correspond.
Ask: What claims can you make about the connection between nouns and pronouns from
this exercise? How do they work together?
Next, have each student choose combinations from the board and write a sentence
with each of the word pairs. After a minute or two, have students share their sentences aloud.
Ask: What else do you now notice about the noun-pronoun connection? Whats the
definition of a pronoun? What is its function and purpose?

B. Lesson Proper
Provided with The New York Times article, the class will read through it to identify
nouns and discuss the use of pronouns.
Ensure that students understand that pronouns are words that take the place of
nouns and that they can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural. Note, too, that a pronoun
also has to match the noun it is replacing in gender and number. A few more examples could
be added to the lists on the board so that the class has full examples of masculine, feminine and
neuter in singular and plural.
Explain that there is one other way pronouns vary that nouns dont usually need to: by
case. While pronouns have three cases in English nominative (she), objective (her) and
possessive (hers) nouns change form only for the possessive (Nancy is both nominative
and objective, whereas the possessive is Nancys).

Personal pronouns are used in place of a common or proper noun.
Subject Pronouns are used as a subject. (Examples)
Object Pronouns are used as an object or the one receiving the action. (Examples)
Possessives show ownership. (Examples)
Ted: Hi Jim. Is Jim going to the show?
Jim: No Ted. Jim is not going to the show.
Ted: Then, where is Jim going?
Jim: Jim is not going to tell Ted where Jim is going.

Reflexives are used when the object of the sentence is the same as its subject. Each personal
pronoun has its own reflexive pronoun. (Examples)

Pronouns
Person
Gender/Number
Personal Possessive
Adjective
Possessive Reflexive/Intensive
Subject Object
1
st
Person I Me My Mine Myself
2
nd
Person You You Your Yours Yourself
3
rd
Person male He Him His His Himself
3
rd
Person female She Her Her Hers Herself
3
rd
Person neutral It It Its Its Itself
1
st
Person plural We Us Our Ours Ourselves
2
nd
Person - plural You You Your Yours Yourselves
3
rd
Person - plural They Them Their Theirs Themselves

Finally, students return to the sentences they wrote and try to label and categorize each
pronoun, then swap with a partner to check for accuracy. Or, hold a quick competition to see
who can write a coherent sentence with the most diverse array of pronouns.

C. Enrichment Activity
Tell students to pair up, and designate half the pairs pronouns and the other half
nouns. The task of the pronoun pairs is to underline all nouns in the Times article they read
and replace them with their correct, corresponding pronouns.
Eventually, the pronoun pairs will rewrite the entire Times article, replacing every
pronoun with its corresponding noun. Meanwhile, the noun pairs will do the opposite:
underline every pronoun in the article and replace it with the noun that it stands for.
When pairs are finished, have the pronoun pairs read their version aloud (have each pair
read one paragraph in turn until the article ends), followed by the noun pairs. Then discuss how
each version sounds with all the changes.
Ask: Where did the substitutions work, and where did they render sentences awkward or
even nonsensical? What choices did the revision require?
D. Evaluation

Review the objectives.
Students are given worksheets to provide the correct pronoun/noun with given a
noun/pronoun.

IV. Assignment
Students are given worksheets to provide the correct pronoun/noun with given a
noun/pronoun.