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# 5/25/13 Exam Reports

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1.
1 Marks
A father runs after his son, who is 1000 meters ahead. The father runs at a speed of 1 kilometer every 8 minutes, and the son runs at a
speed of 1 kilometer every 12 minutes. How much distance has the son covered at the point when the father overtakes him?
[JMET 2010]
1) 2500 meters
2) 2000 meters
3) 1500 meters
4) 1000 meters
Solution:
Father runs at a speed of 1 km for every 8 minutes.

Son runs at a speed of 1 km every 12 minutes.

Son in 1000 m ahead of the father.
Let the time taken for the father to overtake the son be t.
5t + 1 = 7.5t
2.5t = 1

So the distance covered by son in time t
= 5t

Hence, option 2.
2.
1 Marks
A man jogging inside a railway tunnel at a constant speed hears a train approaching the tunnel from behind at a speed of 30 kin per hour,
when he is one third of the way inside the tunnel. Whether he keeps running forward or turns back, he will reach the end of the tunnel at the
same time the train reaches that end. The speed at which the man is running is:
[JMET 2010]
1) 6 km per hour
2) 8 km per hour
3) 12 km per hour
4) 10 km per hour
Solution:

Let the length of the tunnel be 3x.
The man is at a distance of x km inside the tunnel.
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Section I
Reports for
Time and
Distance - Past
Other MBA Test
Questions 2
Overview Solution Key Unattempted Questions Report

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The man is at a distance of x km inside the tunnel.
Let the train be k km away from the tunnel.
Let the speed of the man be y km /hr.
As per conditions,

30x = ky (i)

60x =ky
+
3xy (ii)
Subtracting (i) from (ii)
30x = 3xy
y = 10
Speed of the man is 10 kmph.
Hence, option 4.
3.
1 Marks
Two cities A and B, at a distance of 50 km, are connected by two separate roads. The speed of any vehicle travelling between the two cities
on road 1is 50 kin per hr, while the speed on road 2 is km per hr, where n is the number of vehicles (including the concerned vehicle)
vehicle). If you travel in a vehicle from A to B on road 1 and come back from B to A on road 2 (where there are already three vehicles plying),
[JMET 2010]
1) 26 km per hr
2) 29 km per hr
3) 32 km per hr
4) 35 km per hr
Solution:
Speed on road 1 is 50 km/hr.
So the time taken to travel from A to B on road 1 = 50/50 = 1 hour.
Total number of vehicles on road 2 while coming from B to A = 3 + 1 = 4
The speed of vehicle on road 2 = 80/4 = 20 km/hr
So time taken on road 2 = 50/20 = 2.5 hr.
Average speed for the entire journey

Hence, option 2.
4.
1 Marks
A student pedals from his home to college at a speed of 10 km/hr and back from the college to his home at 15 km/hr. What is the average
speed?
[JMET 2011]
1) 14 km/hr
2) 13 km/hr
3) 12.5 km/hr
4) 12 km/hr
Solution:
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Solution:

Hence, option 4.
5.
1 Marks
Two cars, an Alto and a Swift, start at the same time in opposite directions from two distinct points P and Q. Starting from P, the Alto
reaches Q in 6 hours 20 minutes and the Swift starting from Q, reaches P in 4 hours 45 minutes. What is the speed of the Swift, if the
speed of the Alto is 60 Km/hr?
[JMET 2011]
1) 110 km/hr
2) 100 km/hr
3) 90 km/hr
4) 80 km/hr
Solution:
Distance traveled by both the cars is same and is equal to the speed of the Alto the time taken by the Alto
= 60 6.33 = 380
Speed of the Swift = 380/4.75 = 80 km/hr
Hence, option 4.
6.
1 Marks
Two sea trawlers left a sea port simultaneously in two mutually perpendicular directions. Half an hour later, the shortest distance between
them was 17 km and another 15 minutes later, one sea trawler was 10.5 km farther from the original than the other. Find the speed of each
sea trawler.
[SNAP 2008]
1) 16 km/hr, 30 km/hr
2) 18 km/hr, 24 km/hr
3) 20 km/hr, 22 km/hr
4) 18 km/hr, 36 km/hr
Solution:
Let the trawlers travel distances of a and b km respectively in 15 minutes.
Thus, the first trawler travels 2a and 3a km in 30 and 45 minutes respectively.
Similarly, the second trawler travels 2b km and 3b km in 30 and 45 minutes respectively.
The positions of two trawlers after 30 and 45 minutes are as shown below

We know that 3b 3a = 10.5 (one sea trawler was 10.5 km farther from original than other)
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Thus, b a = 3.5
As the trawlers travelled in mutually perpendicular directions, after 30 minutes, the right angled triangle that they formed is as shown in the
figure above.
Thus, by Pythagoras Theorem,
(2a)
2
+ (2b)
2
= 172
4a
2
+ 4b
2
= 289
4a
2
+ 4 (3.5 + a)
2
= 289
4a
2
+ 4 (12.25 + 7a + a
2
) = 289
8a
2
+ 28a + 49 = 289
8a
2
+ 28a = 240
2a
2
+ 7a 60 = 0
2a
2
+ 15a 8a 60 = 0
a = 4 and b = 7.5
Thus, the trawlers travel distances of 4 km and 7.5 km in 15 minutes.
The speed of the trawlers is 16 km/hr and 30 km/hr.
Hence, option 1.
Alternatively,
Consider the options.
We can see that only if the speeds of the trawlers were 16 km/hr and 30 km/hr, would they be at a distance of 17 km from each other after
travelling for 30 minutes.
Hence, option 1.
7.
1 Marks
A cyclist drove one kilometer, with the wind in his back, in three minutes and drove the same way back, against the wind in four minutes. If
we assume that the cyclist always puts constant force on the pedals, how much time would it take him to drive one kilometer without wind?
[SNAP 2008]
1)
2)
3)
4)
Solution:
Time taken by cyclist in the direction of the wind is 3 minutes.
Let the cyclists speed be v km/min.
Let the speed of the wind be u km/min.

v = 7u
We have (v u) 4 = 1
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We have (v u) 4 = 1
Thus, 24u = 1

Hence, option 2.
8.
1 Marks
A boat covers a distance of 30 kms downstream in 2 hours while it takes 6 hours to cover the same distance upstream. What is the speed
of the boat in kms per hour?
[SNAP 2009]
1) 5
2) 7.5
3) 13
4) 18
Solution:
Let b and s be the speed of the boat and stream respectively.

As per the given conditions,

Dividing (i) and (ii),
b = 25
Substituting in (i)

s = 5
b = 10 kmph
The correct answer is not there in the options.
Important Note : This Question will be ignored for evaluation.
9.
1 Marks
A train 108 m long moving at a speed of 50 km/hr crosses a train 112 m long coming from opposite direction in 6 seconds. The speed of the
second train is,
[SNAP 2010]
1) 48 km/hr
2) 54 km/hr
3) 66 km/hr
4) 82 km/hr
Solution:
Length of first train = 0.108 km
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Length of second train = 0.112 km.
Let the speed of second train be x.
As the trains are moving towards each other,

x = 82 km/hr.
Hence, option 4.
10.
1 Marks
A train travelling at 36 kmph crosses a platform in 20 seconds and a man standing on the platform in 10 seconds. What is the length of the
platform in meters?
[SNAP 2011]
1) 240 meters
2) 100 meters
3) 200 meters
4) 300 meters
Solution:
Speed of train = 36 kmph = 36 5 /18 = 10 m/s
Let the length of the platform be P and length of the train be T.
Now, the train crosses the platform in 20 seconds and the man in 10 seconds.
Hence, the train traveled P + T in 20 seconds and T in 10 seconds.
Hence, it traveled P distance in 20 10 = 10 seconds.
Hence, P = 10 10 = 100 meters.
Hence, option 2.
11.
1 Marks
By walking at 4/5
th
of his usual speed, a man reaches office 10 minutes later than usual. What is his usual time?
[SNAP 2011]
1) 20 min
2) 40 min
3) 30 min
4) 50 min
Solution:
Let t be the usual time taken by the man.
Now, if he travels at 4/5
th
of his usual speed then time taken by him will be 5/4 t
Hence, 5/4 t = t + 10
Hence, t = 40
Hence, option 2.
12.
1 Marks
A man and a woman 81 miles apart from each other, start travelling towards each other at the same time. If the man covers 5 miles per hour
to the womens 4 mile per hour, how far will the woman have travelled when they meet?
[SNAP 2011]
1) 27
2) 36
3) 45
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3) 45
4) None of these
Solution:
Relative speed of man and woman is 9 kmph.
Hence, time required to cover 81 km = 81/9 = 9 hours.
In 9 hours, the woman will travel 9 4 = 36 km.
Hence, option 2.
13.
1 Marks
In a 100 M race, if A gives B a start of 20 meters, then A wins the race by 5 seconds. Alternatively, if A gives B a start of 40 meters the
race ends in a dead heat. How long does A take to run 200 M?
[SNAP 2011]
1) 10 seconds
2) 20 seconds
3) 30 seconds
4) 40 seconds
Solution:
Let V
a
and V
b
be the speed of A and B respectively.

Solving I and II, we get,
V
b
= 4, V
a
= 100/15
Hence, A will take;

Hence, option 3.
14.
1 Marks
The speed of scooter, car and train are in the ratio of 1 : 4 : 16. If all of them cover equal distance then the ratio of time taken/velocity for
each of the vehicle is:
[SNAP 2011]
1) 256 : 16 : 1
2) 1 : 4 : 16
3) 16 : 4 : 1
4) 16 : 1 : 4
Solution:
Assume that the scooter, the car and the train travel 16 km.
Let their speeds be 1 kmph, 4 kmph and 16 kmph respectively.
Thus time taken by the scooter, the car and the train is 16 hours, 4 hours and 1 hour respectively.
Ratio of time taken to the velocity of each vehicle will be(16/1) : (4/4) : (1/16) = 16 : 1 : (1/16) = 256 : 16 : 1
Hence, option 1.
15.
1 Marks
A train left station X at A hour B minutes. It reached station Y at B hour C minutes on the same day, after travelling C hours A minutes
(clock shows time from 0 hours to 24 hours). Number of possible value(s) of A is

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[XAT 2008]
1) 0
2) 1
3) 2
4) 3
5) None of the above
Solution:
The train leaves X at A hours, B minutes; i.e. at (60A + B) minutes.
It reaches Y at B hours, C minutes; i.e. at (60B + C) minutes.
The time interval between the two is given as C hours, A minutes; i.e. (60C + A) minutes.
Hence, we have,
60C + A = 60B + C (60A + B)
61A = 59(B C)
A = 59(B C)/61

Hence, the only possible value of A is 0, when B = C. Thus, there is one possible value of A.
Hence, option 2.
16.
1 Marks
Rajesh walks to and fro to a shopping mall. He spends 30 minutes shopping. If he walks at speed of 10 km an hour, he returns to home at
19.00 hours. If he walks at 15 km an hour, he returns to home at 18.30 hours. How fast must he walk in order to return home at 18.15
hours?
[XAT 2009]
1) 17 km/hour
2) 17.5 km/hour
3) 18 km/hour
4) 19 km/hour
5) None of the above
Solution:
We know that Distance = Speed Time
Speed and Time are inversely related.
If Rajesh walks at 10 km/hr, then he reach home at 19.00 hours and if he walks at 15 km/hr, then he returns home at 18.30 hours.
With this we can say that time required in the first case will be 15x minutes and that in the second case will be 10x minutes.
15x 10x = 30 minutes, x = 6
Total Distance = 10 km/hr (15 6) minutes = 15 km
To reach home at 18.15 hours, he has to walk 15 km in 45 minutes.
Required speed = 15/0.75 = 20 km/hr
Hence, option 5.
17.
1 Marks
Sangeeta and Swati bought two wristwatches from Jamshedpur Electronics at 11.40 A.M. IST. After purchasing they found that when 60
minutes elapses on a correct clock (IST), Sangeetas wristwatch registers 62 minutes whereas Swatis wristwatch registers 56 minutes.
Later in the day Sangeetas wristwatch reads 10 P.M., then the time on Swatis wristwatch is:
[XAT 2009]
1) 8:40 PM
2) 9:00 PM
3) 9:20 PM
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4) 9:40 PM
5) Cannot be calculated.
Solution:
It was 11.40 AM when Sangeeta and Swati bought the watches. According to Sangeetas watch, it was now 10 PM; that is, her watch has
shown time elapsing by 10 hours, 20 minutes (= 620 minutes).
It is given that when the actual time elapses by 60 minutes, Sangeetas watch shows time elapsing by 62 minutes. Hence,
Actual time Time on Sangeetas watch
60 minutes --------------> 62 minutes
? <--------------- 620 minutes
Hence, the actual time elapsed by (620 60)/62 = 600 minutes
It is given that when the actual time elapses by 60 minutes, Swatis watch shows time elapsing by 56 minutes. Hence,
Actual time Time on Swatis watch
60 minutes -------------> 56 minutes
600 minutes --------------> ?
Hence, the time on Swatis watch elapsed by (600 56)/60 = 560 minutes
Hence, the time on her watch is 11.40 AM + (9 hours, 20 minutes) = 9.00 PM
Hence, option 2.
Group Question

Answer the following questions based on the information given below.
A police inspector spots a thief standing 7 km away from him on a straight road aligned in East-West direction. The inspector is standing on the
eastern side while the thief is on the western side of the road. On spotting the inspector the thief takes his bicycle and tries to cut across the
adjoining field by riding away with a uniform speed of 92 km/hour in a direction making an angle of 45 with the road towards North-East. The
inspector starts with his scooter at the same instance to move with a uniform velocity 15 km/hour and catches the thief.
[XAT 2009]
18.
1 Marks
Time taken by the inspector to catch the thief is:
1) 12 minutes
2) 15 minutes
3) 18 minutes
4) 20 minutes
5) 30 minutes
Solution:
The information given in the common data can be represented as follows:

Both the thief and the policeman start running simultaneously and stop when they meet; that is, they run for the same amount of
time. Let this time be t hours. The speeds of the thief and the policeman are 9 km/hr and 15 km/hr respectively.
Using the time-speed-distance formula, we have,
Distance AC = b = 15t km
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Also, in ABC, we have,

63t
2
+ 126t 49 = 0
9t
2
+ 18t 7 = 0
(3t + 7)(3t 1) = 0
t = 7/3 or t = 1/3
Time cannot be negative, hence t = 1/3 hours or 20 minutes.
Hence, option 4.
19.
1 Marks
The distance the inspector has to travel is:
1) 3 km
2) 3.75 km
3) 5 km
4) 6 km
5) 7.5 km
Solution:
From the solution of the previous question, it is clear that the distance travelled by the policeman
= 15t = 15 1/3 = 5 kilometres
Hence, option 3.
20.
1 Marks
Amarendra and Dharmendra are brothers. One day they start at the same time from their home for Tatanagar railway station in their
respective cars. Amarendra took 25 minutes to reach the station. After reaching the station Amarendra found that Dharmendra is 2500 m
away from the station. The distance of Tatanagar Station from their home is 15 km. Next day Dharmendra decided to start 7 minutes early.
If they drive at the speed same as the previous day then Amarendra will reach the station
[XAT 2010]
1) 120 seconds earlier than Dharmendra
2) 120 seconds later than Dharmendra
3) 300 seconds earlier than Dharmendra
4) 300 seconds later than Dharmendra
5) at the same time with Dharmendra
Solution:
Distance between Tatanagar railway station and home = 15 km
Amarendra took 25 minutes to cover that distance.

When Amarendra reached the station, Dharmendra was 2500 m away.
Dharmendra covered 12.5 km in 25 minutes.

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Next day, if Dharmendra starts at time t from his home, he reaches station at time t + 30.
Amarendra starts 7 minutes late and takes 25 minutes to reach station.
So, he reaches station at time t + 7 + 25 = t + 32
So, he reaches later than Dharmendra by 2 minutes or 120 seconds.
Hence, option 2.
21.
1 Marks
In a clock having a circular scale of twelve hours, when time changes from 7:45 A.M. to 7:47 A.M., by how many degrees the angle formed
by the hour hand and minute hand changes?
[XAT 2010]
1) 10
2) 11
3) 12
4) 15
5) None of these
Solution:
Speed of hour hand = 0.5/min
Speed of minute hand = 6/min
Positions of hour hand and minute hand at different times are as follows

The angle formed by hour hand and minute hand changes by 48.5 37.5 = 11
Hence, option 2.
22.
1 Marks
City Bus Corporation runs two buses from terminus A to terminus B, each bus making 5 round trips in a day. There are no stops in
between. These buses ply back and forth on the same route at different but uniform speeds. Each morning the buses start at 7 AM from the
respective terminuses. They meet for the first time at a distance of 7 km from terminus A. Their next meeting is at a distance of 4 km from
terminus B, while travelling in opposite directions. Assuming that the time taken by the buses at the terminuses is negligibly small, and the
cost of running a bus is Rs.
20 per km, find the daily cost of running the buses (in Rs.).
[XAT 2012]
1) 3200
2) 4000
3) 6400
4) 6800
5) None of the above
Solution:
Let the distance between the two terminuses be x km.
Now, relative distance travel by the two buses before they meet for the first time = x km.
Similarly, relative distance travelled by the two buses after first meet and before second meet = 2x.
Now, bus originating from terminus A travels 7 km before the first meet.
Hence, it should travel 2 7 = 14 km after first meet and before second meet.
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Hence, it should travel 2 7 = 14 km after first meet and before second meet.
Hence, total distance travelled by that bus before second meet = 7 + 14 = 21 km.
Now, second meet occurs at 4 km from the terminus B.
Hence, total distance travelled by the bus starting from terminus A (from the beginning till they meet for the second time) = x + 4 km
Hence, x + 4 = 21
Hence, x = 17 km
Hence, one bus travels 34 5 = 170 km a day.
Hence, cost of running one bus = 170 20 = Rs. 3400
Hence, cost of running two buses = 3400 2 = Rs. 6800
Hence, option 4.
23.
1 Marks
It takes 15 seconds for a train travelling at 60 km/hour to cross entirely another train half its length and travelling in opposite direction at 48
km/hour. It also passes a bridge in 51 seconds. The length of the bridge is
[IIFT 2012]
1) 550 m
2) 450m
3) 500m
4) 600m
Solution:
Relative speed of the longer train with respect to the

Let the length of the longer train be x m.
Now the distance travelled by the longer train to cross the shorter train = length of the longer train + length of the shorter train = x + x/2 =
3x/2
The trains cross each other with a speed of (60 + 48) km/h

Therefore,

x = 300 mts
Let the length of the bridge be L.
Now total distance covered in crossing the bridge
= length of the longer train + length of the bridge
= 300 + L

L = 550 mts
Hence, option 1.
24.
1 Marks
The Howrah-Puri express can move at 45 km/hour without its rake, and the speed is diminished by a constant that varies as the square root
of the number of wagons attached. If it is known that with 9 wagons, the speed is 30 km/hour, what is the greatest number of wagons with
which the train can just move?
[IIFT 2012]
1) 63
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1) 63
2) 64
3) 80
4) 81
Solution:
Let the reduced speed of the train be denoted by S and the number of wagons attached to it be denoted by N.

The speed reduces from 45 km/hr to 30 km/hr with 9 wagons.
The reduction in speed = S
1
= 45 30 = 15 km/hr
Now, let N
2
number of wagons attached when the train halts completely.
Hence, S
2
= reduction in speed at this point = 45 0
= 45 km/hr.

N
2
= 81 wagons
Hence, when 81 wagons are attached, the train halts completely. For the train to just move, the number of wagons attached should be 1
less than 81 i.e. 80.
Hence, option 3.
25.
1 Marks
Prof. Mandal walks to the market and comes back in an auto. It takes him 90 minutes to make the round trip. If he takes an auto both ways
it takes him 30 minutes. On Sunday, he decides to walk both ways. How long would it take him?
[XAT 2013]
1) 100 minutes
2) 120 minutes
3) 140 minutes
4) 150 minutes
5) None of the above
Solution:
When Prof. Mandal takes an auto both ways, it takes him 30 minutes. It means that one way by auto would take 15 minutes.
So from the round trip of 90 minutes, we subtract 15 minutes corresponding to the auto. We get 75 minutes, which is the time taken to
cover one way walking.
Hence, the time taken for round trip walking equals 75 2 = 150 minutes.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.
26.
1 Marks
Ram, Shyam and Hari went out for a 100 km journey. Ram and Hari started the journey in Rams car at the rate of 25 kmph, while Shyam
walked at 5 kmph. After sometime. Hari got off and started walking at the rate of 5 kmph and Ram went back to pick up Shyam. All three
reached the destination simultaneously. The number of hours required for the trip was:
[XAT 2013]
1) 8
2) 7
3) 6
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4) 5
5) 4
Solution:
Let the distance travelled by Ram before Hari got off be 30d.
For the same time, since the speed of Ram and Shyam is in the ratio 5:1, distance too would be in the same ratio i.e. 5:1.
The distance travelled by Shyam when Hari got off = 6d.
Now, out of the distance 24d (Distance between Ram and Shyam when Hari got off), Shyam will cover 4d and Ram will cover 20d.
Total time taken by Ram

As the time taken in both the cases is equal,

d = 2.5

Hence, option 1.