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10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 64

Chapter VII

Plans and Programs of Iligan City Solid Waste Management System

The Plan preparation of The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System
(ICSWMS) was made possible thru the Executive Order No. 332 Series of 2005 followed
by Exec. Or. no. 645 s. 2006, the creation of Iligan City Solid Waste Management Board
and with the Technical Working Committee (TWC) based on the Dept. of Environmental
and Natural Resources (DENR) and Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A 9003.
The ICSWMB-TWC was tasked to prepare Integrated/Comprehensive Solid Waste
Management Plan to achieve the objectives defined in Chapter 6 of this plan to direct
issues on waste generation, Recovery, Collection, Processing and final Disposal for the
next 10 year.
The representatives of local government agency included in the ICSWMB-TWC
have undertaken their roles and responsibility to ensure Solid Waste Management system
are the following committees on;
1. Planning And Institutionalization
2. Financial Resources and Monitoring
3. Lot Acquisition
4. Implementation Development and Enforcement
5. Livelihood Development And Marketing
6. Information Education Campaign
7. Special / Hazardous Waste
8. Brgy. Santiago Closure Dumpsite & Improvements
Cooperation’s of Government Agency and non-Government Agency including the
academic is responsible in preparing the Iligan City Solid Waste Management Plan.
Foremost, the Community involvement is the forefront of planning activity. The basis of
undertaking the plans and program are:
1. PRMDP: SWM Master Plan Report
2. Consultation / Workshop / Conference
• Barangay Environment Committee
• Department of Educations
• Sanitary/ City Health Office
• Personal involvement in Solid Waste Collection
• DENR – Iligan City
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• City Government Agencies (LGU)
3. Meeting / Study Trips
4. Feasibility Study Report on the Iligan City Solid Waste Management System
Project (ICSWMB)
5. Strategic Planning Workshop For ICSWMB & TWC in the implementation
of Material Recovery Facility and the omnibus City ordinance for Iligan City
Solid Waste Management

The purpose is to attain the thrust stated to establish, implement a cost effective
interrelated and sustainable Solid Waste Management System that will focus in
addressing the Solid Waste Management Programs in Iligan City considering the
following components are Source Reduction, Segregation Plan of Sector Involve,
Recycling, Collection/Transfer Plan, Composting plan, Diversion of Waste, New Facility
of Central MRCF System Project, Disposal system, Special & Hazardous waste Facility,
IEC Plans & activities, and Livelihood Development and Marketing.

7.1 SOURCE REDUCTION

Based on section 1 DAO-IRR of R.A 9003, Volume Reduction at source is the
main objective of the Integrated Ecological solid waste management system. That all
constituents shall promote and responsible for sorting and segregation of biodegradable
and non-biodegradable recyclable waste at the household in barangay level and all other
sources such as markets, commercial, institution, schools, hospitals and industry.
The Plan is to reduce the amount of waste disposed by diverting at least 25% of
all Solid Waste from the Material Recovery and Composting Facility through Re- Use,
Recycling and Composting activities and possible resource recovery activities of
Barangay MRF, as provided in Section17, 20 of R.A 9003. See Table 3.6-Projected
MSW Generation of Estimated Population of 29 Barangay In Iligan City for ICSWM
Plan.
The City of Iligan is undertaking a Waste Minimization and Recovery project to
reduce waste at source has been identified and acknowledged through the efforts of JGC
Guevarra Foundation Inc. under the supervision of the Iligan City Solid Waste
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Management Board with the IEC advocacy. The implementation of the scheme activity
for the household segregation recycling and composting has been mobilized with the
participation of Barangay Buru-un & Maria Cristina. Organization and participation
involve Barangay community activities on the waste management system thru IEC prior
to construction of Central MRCF project. Strengthening the market of the recyclable /
recoverable materials shall be made possible to minimized waste stream and increase
economic practically in implemented this plan. Price list of Recyclable materials and
market Junk store are shown in Table 7.2.
• Plans for Waste Reduction at source:
1. Institutionalization of SWM to all sectors at the barangay level constituents
involves in proper handling and collection system of garbage generated at
source by having alternative measure how to keep and process own waste.
2. Educate thru information how to handle organic compost material mostly
generated at the household like kitchen waste, papers and cartoons for
alternative decomposition procedure and re-using.
3. Institute a policy and ordinance to the barangay solid waste management
initiating BMRF and committee on collection methods to support the
mandatory activity of recycling, composting and re-using in promotion to
practice clean production system at source.
4. Strengthening market availability for recovered recyclable materials like
bottles, broken plastic, scrap steel at source.
5. Assist the barangay committee thru IEC to practice and encourage backyards
composting and 3 R’s (Reduce, re-used, Recycle).
6. Through the efforts of education and information campaign with the
coordination of barangay committee in all sectors to minimize used of plastic
and /or recycle and re-used otherwise used biodegradable wrappers such as
basket bag.
7. Institute a policy of an accord ordinance at barangay level that “Polluters Must
Pay”.
8. Institute a policy to assist each barangay in planning solid waste management.
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7.2 COLLECTION PLAN

Overview: The setting of new Material Recovery & Composting Facility site is
located 7.8 km away from the national high way at Bangko, Brgy. Bonbonon, where as
the collection of Solid Waste shall be done in a way that prevents spillage and
appropriate compartments to ensure safe and efficient collection and transit, provided in
section 1 rule X of DAO-IRR no 2001-34 series of 2001 of R.A. 9003.
*In consideration to ensure safe and efficient collection, transfer and handling of
solid waste, the ICSWMB – TWC proposed plans and these are the following;
a. To have three (3) additional equipments vehicles design to hauled
specific type of waste either segregated and/ or mixed wasted, special/
hazardous waste, maintained operational condition, convenient capacity and
separated collection schedules as specified above.
b. To have practical collection in house to house and in two (2) markets
of mixed waste, segregated Biodegradable or recyclable waste and
residuals.
c. To acquired Equipment vehicle type of Compress truck, with 8 to 12
cu. m. Capacity of model type favored.
d. To trained and equipped with personal protective device for the
personnel collectors.
e. To set an alternative collection of mixed waste
f. Institutes every Barangay or cluster of Barangay responsibility for the
collection, segregation, recycling of biodegradable/recyclable, compostable
and re-usable waste for the establishment of BMRF.
g. The project Plan is to install Pilot MRF at Brgy. Del Carmen is on–
going and green hills MRF at Luinab facilitated by the Barangay committees.
h. To collect Non Organic Residual waste from the Barangay MRF
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 METHODS OF COLLECTION

* Collection of Solid Waste

The City will continue to collect the MSW using the present fleet of garbage
trucks. This is discussed in detail below.
There will be a need for a major waste segregation campaign among the
communities who are the waste generators. This IEC will be a joint effort between the
ICSWMB, the Facility Managers, PSD, other stakeholders and NGO’s.

Collection Route and Schedule: Future garbage collection program will involve
daily collection of biodegradable waste and a two times a week collection of non-
biodegradable waste, using color coded trucks.

Residuals: Very minimal residuals (mostly toxic or polluting materials) will be
segregated and this will primarily baled and compacted, then stored neatly, awaiting
future utilization or disposition. (As baled materials on storage, there will be no need to
introduce 6-cm- soil cover as required in a sanitary landfill. The soil cover requirement is
a very expensive and time-consuming daily work activity.) This CMRCF shall
demonstrate the practical approach and effectiveness of “baled and compacted” residuals
considered as resources placed on storage for future utilization. This is part of a targeted
Zero Waste Management program, the first part of which is the conversion of concrete
bricks out of shredded residual waste.

Storage And Set Out Plan: The collection set out of the MSW will be continue
on garbage fleet of trucks by the City as referred to the existing public services given to
any places of the barangay and time/day scheduled. The waste generator shall provide
their practical storage container that should be easily identifying prior its collection route.
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As soon as the Barangays have their own establish Material Recovery Facility for storage
and set out, collection may be done in the BMRF.

 COLLECTION TRUCK REQUIREMENTS

A. Status of the Existing City Garbage Trucks*
The city has eleven (11) garbage trucks (press packs and open dump type) with
one (1) 5 CM capacity compactor already non-operational. Eight (8) of these were
acquired way back 1993, while three (3) was obtained in 1998.
The ten (10) operational garbage trucks has a total fleet capacity of 153 TPD
assuming four (4) trips per day per unit which is the present practice now. This is still
possible even with the CMRCF at Barangay Bonbonon because the average one-way
travel or delivery time from the City during off traffic hours is around 20 minutes.
Based from the present status of the said trucks, PSD plans to recondition the said
trucks to extend their operating life to at least 3 to 5 years more depending on the actual
usage ad maintenance. (See Table 3.2 Status of the Existing City Garbage Trucks 2005).

B. Collection Truck Requirements*

With the reconditioning, proper usage, and a good preventive maintenance
system, it is expected that the 1993 batch of trucks may be usable up to 2008, while the
1998 batch could be used up to 2013. This means that with the extended life span of the
existing fleet only a few additional units has to be acquired to meet the expected volume
of MSW. The collection truck requirements for the City are projected as shown in
Table7.1.
The total of five (5) trucks that are need to be acquired up to 2019, particularly
when the present fleet of eleven (11) trucks will be retired by 2013. This requirement
assumes using 8 C.M capacity garbage trucks (press packs and/or dump truck) since
bigger trucks would be difficult to maneuver in the old and narrows streets of the City,
and may even damaged the concrete roads of some subdivisions due to the heavy weight
of the said trucks when fully loaded.
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Based form this evaluation, an additional of three (3) trucks (including 1 unit
standby capacity in case of downtime, repair and maintenance) is needed up to 2007. The
remaining requirement could be purchased gradually under the 20% CDF on a yearly
basis, until the full compliment of trucks is acquired by the City.
This approached is the most practical approach with the considerable investment
necessary to buy brand new garbage trucks, and one which takes into consideration the
effort of PSD to prolong the actual usage of their existing fleet through reconditioning
and maintenance.
• COLLECTION EQUIPMENT

Table 7.1 Proposed Vehicle Equipment for the Operations
No Trips/ Total
Plate . Vehicle Day Daily
Model/
Type of no. Of capacity Per CAP. Conditio
Year
Unit U Unit (Ton n
acquired
nit s)
s Cu. m. Tons
Compactor 9C-494 HINO/1993 4 8 4.8 4 77 Running
Truck 9C-495 - condition
9C-496 -
9c- 651 -
Compactor 9C-688 HINO /1998 1 8 4.8 4 (19) Non-
Truck operation
for repair
Compactor 9C-498 Mitsubishi 1 5 3 4 12 Converted
Truck /1993 to dump
truck
Operating
Compactor PBK900 HINO/1993 (1) 5 3 4 Zero Non-
Truck operational
Scrap
Dump 9C-499 HINO/1993 2 8 2.8 4 22 Running
Truck 9C-500 condition
Dump 9C-191 Nissan 2 8 2.8 4 22 Running
Truck 9C-269 1998 condition

TOTAL 10 153

ICSWM System Plan

Additional three (3) Compactor 3 8 4.8 4 86
Truck
Source of Data: Public Services Division (PSD) - August 30, 2005
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7.3 SEGREGATION PLAN

1. AT THE HOUSEHOLD BARANGAY LEVEL:

 Review and proposed an accord ordinance related on segregation of Solid Waste
at Household level
POLICY: Based on Section 1 of Rule VIII & Rule IX of R.A. 9003 DAO-
Implementing Rules & Regulation, Household owners shall be responsible in segregating
and keeping their sorted wastes in the containers prior to the arrival of garbage collector.
For the Iligan City Solid Waste Management System, the plan to segregate of the
different types of solid waste shall be implemented, practiced and regularly observed at
source.
 The Solid Waste shall be store in a segregated container, receptacle or stock
with properly mark as “Biodegradable”, “Recyclable” or “Special Waste” separately at
designated area for-on site collection. Classify the receptacle with color cords for
convenience to identify prior its collection by the garbage collection;
GREEN FOR COMPOSTABLE
YELLOW FOR RECYCLABLE
BLACK FOR RESIDUAL WASTE AND SPECIAL WASTE (non-infectious)
 Institutionalization of Policy:
1. “ No Segregation – No Collection” Policy
2. Fines / penalty and measure take effect the implementation to segregate at
source in the household Barangay level and mobilization of the Purok
leaders for monitoring.
3. Installation and establishment of Barangay MRF participation
4. Ordinance to handle Special / hazardous waste
 Review and proposed an accord Local Ordinance on the manner of collection
schedule services.
- Compostable – Daily
- Recyclable - 2 days (T -TH)
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- Residuals - 1 day (Sunday)
- Special/ hazardous Waste - 1 day (Sunday)

2. AT THE MARKET / INSTITUTION / COMMERCIAL LEVEL:

POLICY: Based on Section 1 of Rule VIII & Rule IX of R.A. 9003 DAO-
Implementing Rules & Regulation, Market, Commercial establishment and Institutional
personnel shall be responsible in segregating and keeping their sorted wastes in the
containers prior to the arrival of garbage collector. For the Iligan City Solid Waste
Management System, the plan to segregate of the different types of solid waste shall be
implemented, practiced and regularly observed at source.
 The Solid Waste shall be store in a segregated container, receptacle or stock
with properly mark as “Compostable”, “Recyclable” or “Special Waste”
separately at designated area for-on site collection. Classify the receptacle with
color cords for convenience to identify prior its collection by the garbage
collection;
GREEN FOR COMPOSTABLE
YELLOW FOR RECYCLABLE
BLACK FOR RESIDUAL AND SPECIAL WASTE (non-infectious).
 Review and proposed an accord ordinance related on segregation of Solid Waste
at the market, institution, commercial;
1. “No Segregation – No Collection”
2. Fines / penalty and measure take effect the implementation to segregate at
Source
3. Installation and establishment of Barangay MRF participation
 Review and proposed an accord Local Ordinance on the manner of collection
schedule services. Future garbage collection program will involve daily
collection of biodegradable waste and a two times a week collection of non-
biodegradable waste, using color coded trucks.
- Compostable – Daily
- Recyclable - 2 days (T -TH)
- Residuals - 1 day (Sunday)
- Special/ hazardous Waste - 1 day (Sunday)
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3. AT THE HOSPITAL / INDUSTRIES LEVEL:
General wastes from hospitals and other health care establishment are treated as
ordinary waste, while medical waste are treated as a special and hazardous waste which
will be handled by the Special and Hazardous waste Facility of the Central Material
Recovery and Composting Facility (see Annex: Special & Hazardous Waste Facility
for details).
The household wastes coming from factories shall be processed at the Central
Material Recovery and Composting Facility, while the hazardous industrial waste shall be
handled by the concerned factory in a special waste management area within their
premises or properties in accordance with the requirements of the Environmental Impact
System (EIS) imposed by the DENR.

The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Facility also addresses the
Health Care Waste (HCW) coming from Hospitals in the City and including household’s
hazardous waste. The solid waste from hospitals and other health care establishments are
classified and coded as follows (Source: DOH Health Care Waste Management Manual,
2004):
*CATEGORIES OF HEALTH CARE WASTE (HCW);
1. General Waste- Comparable to domestic waste, this type of waste does not
pose special handling problem of hazard to human health or to the environment. It
comes mostly from the administrative and housekeeping functions of health care
establishments and may also include waste generated during maintenance of
health care premises. General waste should be dealt with by the municipal waste
disposal system. (Color coding of containers: Green)
2. Infectious Waste- This type of waste is suspected to contain pathogens
(bacteria, viruses, or fungi) in sufficient concentration or quantity to cause disease
insusceptible host. (Color coding of container: yellow)
3. Pathological Waste- Pathological waste consists of tissues, organs, body
parts, human fetus and animal carcasses, blood and body fluids. Within this
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category, recognizable hu man or animal body parts are also called anatomical
waste. This category should be consider as a subcategory of infectious waste,
even though it
may also include healthy body parts. (Color coding of container: yellow)
4. Sharps- Include needles, syringes, scalpels, saws, blades, broken glass,
infusion sets, knives, nails and any other items that can cause a cut or puncture
wounds. Whether or not they infected, such items are usually considered as highly
hazardous health care waste. (Container: puncture proof)
5. Pharmaceutical waste- Includes expired, unused, spilt, and contaminated
pharmaceutical products, drugs, vaccines, and sera that are no longer required and
need to be disposed of appropriately. This category also includes discarded items
used in handling of such as bottles or boxes with residues, gloves, and masks,
connecting tubing and drug vials. (Color coding of container: yellow)
6. Genotoxic Waste- Genotoxic waste may include certain cytostatic drugs,
vomit, urine, or feces from patients treated with cytostatic drugs, chemicals, and
radioactive materials. This type of waste is highly hazardous and may have
mutagenic, teratogenic, or carcinogenic properties. (Color coding of container:
orange)
7. Chemical Waste- Chemical waste consists of discarded solid, liquid, and
gaseous chemical, for example from diagnostic and experimental work and from
cleaning, housekeeping, and disinfecting procedures. Chemical waste from health
care may be hazardous or non-hazardous. (Color coding of container: yellow with
black band)
8. Waste with high content of heavy metals- Wastes with a high heavy-metal
content represent a subcategory of hazardous chemical waste, and are usually
highly toxic. Mercury wastes are typically generated by spillage from broken
clinical equipment (thermometers, blood pressure gauges, etc.) Whenever
possible, spilled drops of mercury should be recovered. Residues from dentistry
have high mercury content. Cadmium waste comes mainly from discarded
batteries. Certain “reinforced wood panels” containing lead is still being used in
radiation proofing of X-ray and diagnostic department. A number of drugs contain

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr.
Engr. Merlito
MerlitoC.C.Catolico,
Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC
ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 75

arsenic but these are treated here as pharmaceutical waste. (Color coding of
container: yellow with black band)
9. Pressurized Containers- Many types of gas are used in health care and are
often stored in pressurized cylinders, cartridges, and aerosol cans. Many of these,
once empty or of no further use (although they may still contain residues), are
reusable, but certain types notably aerosol cans, must be disposed of Whether
inert or potentially harmful; gases in pressurized containers should always be
handled with care; containers may explode if incinerated or accidentally
punctured. (Color coding of container: red)
10. Radioactive Waste- Includes disused scaled radiation sources, liquid and
gaseous materials contaminated with radioactivity. Excreta of patients who
underwent radio-nuclide diagnostic and therapeutic applications, paper cups,
straw, needles and syringes, test tubes, and tap water washing of such
paraphernalia. It is produced as a result of procedures such as in vitro analysis of
body tissues and fluids, in vivo organ imaging, tumor localization and treatment,
and various clinical studies involving the use of radioisotopes. Radioactive health
care wastes generally contain radionuclides with short half-lives, which lose their
activity in a shorter time. However, certain radionuclides e.g C-14 contaminated
wastes have much longer half-life, more than a thousand years, which need to be
specially managed in a centralized treatment facility for radio actives wastes. The
same is required for the management of disused sealed radiation sources used for
cancer treatment. (Color coding of container: orange)

*Hospital & Health Care Waste Establishment Management Plan:
The city shall construct a Special and Hazardous Waste Facility that shall have the
following facilities: autoclave building, concrete lined vault, and concrete line burial pit.

*Concept of the Proposed Special and Hazardous Waste Facility;
1. Hospitals and other such types of medical and health establishments shall have
the option to rent from the city a 10 x 10 meters plot to construct their own
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burial pit instead of at their premises. The City shall fence and secure the area,
as well as maintain the drainage and other ancillary facilities in the area.
2. Other small health care facilities in the city could use the concrete lined vault
and burial pit operated by the city for a certain fee to be established by City
Ordinance.
3. The hospitals could also use the auto clave facility also operated by the city to
Disinfect the Health Care Waste (HCW).

4. The basic steps in health care waste management handling shall adopt the
procedures in the DOH Health Care Waste Management Manual (2004) (as
shown in Annex 4. Basic Steps in the Health Care Waste Handling – Figure 1
of the DOH Manual: Feasibility Studies SWM) except that the special and
hazardous waste shall be disposed of by encapsulation in concrete vault /
burial pit instead of the sanitary land fill.
5. All hazardous waste from the household, markets, commercial and
institutional sources shall be handled by the Special and Hazardous Waste
Facility in the same manner for the Health Care Waste.
6. The rental fee for the autoclave, burial pits and concrete vaults, and open space
plots shall be determined by the City, which shall be sufficient to have a return
for the operation and maintenance of the said facility.

7.4 RECYCLING / COMPOSTING PLAN

The current existence of continues recycling activity component and
implementation have great role on solid waste minimization in accordance to divert waste
as mandated in Section 20 of the Act and Section 7 Rule VII of the DAO- IRR of R.A
9003. The recycling component describe in PRMDP: SWM – Master Plan notified its
level of recycling efforts:
1. Potential revenue from recyclable/ recovered materials such as Bottles, Paper,
Tin, Aluminum, Plastic, Copper and other items specified.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 77

2. Shows potential benefits.
- Conserve resources
- Reduces volume of waste that prolongs life span of final disposal.
3. Market improvement of the conditions for recycling saleable materials are
listed in the new price list of Recycled items.
4. Livelihood and marketing activities for the production of Recyclable item in
Barangay Maria Chritina

Table 7.2 Present Prices of Recyclables Waste Materials As of February 08, 2006
Item Unit Price Buying Selling
Price Price
(Locally)
1) Garapa (round)
 115 ml - pc. - P 0.10 - P 0.25
 30 ml - pc. - 0.25 - 0.40
 60 ml - pc. - 0.20 - 0.40
 120 ml - pc. - 0.10 - 0.20
2) Garapa (flat)
 25 ml - pc. 0.75/3 for - 0.90
2.00
 30 ml - pc. 0.75/3 for - 0.90
2.00
 50 ml - pc. 0.25 - 0.50
 120 ml - pc. 0.10 - 0.25
3) Bottle
 Lapad (Jr.) - pc. - 3 for 1.00 - 0.60
 Lapad (Sr.) - pc. - 0.50 - 0.60
 Gin Toyo - pc. - 0.50 - 0.70
 Ketchup & - pc. - 0.20 - 0.30
Emperador Lapad
 Fighter - pc. - 1.00 - 1.40
 Tanduay (Long - pc. - 0.75 - 0.90
Neck)
 Emperador Long - pc. - 3 for 1.00 - 0.50
Neck
 Pepsi 8/12 oz. - pc. - 3 for 1.00 - 0.50
 Coke 8/12 oz. - pc. - 1.00 - 1.30
 Litro Pepsi - pc. - 1.50 - 2.00
 Litro Coke - pc. - 3.00 - 3.50
 Kulafo - pc. - 0.40 - 0.50
4) Others
 Cartoon - kg. - 2.00 - 3.00
(Bundle)
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 Paper assorted - kg. - 0.50 - 1.50
 Can - kg. - 1.00 - 1.50
 Plastic & Pet Bottle - kg. - 11.00 - 15.00
 Cap - kg. - 5.00 - 6.00
 Copper Wire - kg. - 100.00 - 105.00
 Aluminum - kg. - 50.00 - 60.00
 Cali - kg. - 30.00 - 40.00
 Brass - kg. - 60.00 - 100.00
 Steel (solid) - kg. - 5.00 - 8.00
 Steel (light) - kg. - 3.00 - 6.00
 Stainless Steel - 40.00 - 50.00
SOURCE: ICSWMB SURVEY, CPDO, PERMITS

COMPOSTING MATERIALS: Organic compost will undergone a biological
process called aerobic decomposition whereby microorganism feed on waste and
converted it into humus or compost. The raw materials for composting include: 1) Yard
Waste, 2) Separated or commingled Municipal Solid Waste-MSW, 3) Animal waste
mixed with carbonaceous waste such as garbage and crop/yard before composting. The
compost can be used as soil conditioner and/or soil fertilizer depending on its quality
upgrading process. The bio-waste undergoes a controlled decomposition process in
windrows or in rotary composting bins, which takes 7 to 21 days processing time on a
properly mixed biomass, moisture, and air. Curing phase is at least one week or 15 days.
MARKETING of Compost: The target markets of organic compost are the
farmers cooperative for agricultural land use productivity. The plan is to encourage,
demonstrating, recommend the farmers to use available organic compost at very low cost
and qualified quantity.
Table 7.3 Target Market Identified For Organic Compost Fertilizer
SUMMARY OF MARKET SURVEY: USE OF ORGANIC SOIL
ENHANCERS (OSE)
Location : Iligan City
Date of Survey: Jul-07,2007
Iligan City Solid Waste Management
Survey Conducted by : Board Staff
Ms. Alice
Supervised by: Coronado

AREA KGS /
No. BARANGAY NAME
PLANTED HAC.
(has.)
28.571
1 MANDULOG JOSEFINA ARCEGA 1.75 429
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2 MANDULOG ROMEO AGNE 1 50
14.285
3 MANDULOG MYLENE GADAPAN 3.5 714
ALEJANDRO
4 MANDULOG GABONADA 0.5 10
5 MANDULOG RENALDO TANJAY 0.04 625
6 MANDULOG LAURA GABISAY 200 0.125
7 MANDULOG JIMMY PACANA 0.04 250
8 MANDULOG NESTOR SELIM 2 50
9 MANDULOG OSCAR, SOCORIN 1 50
DOMINGO
10 MANDULOG SOCORIN 1 50
TEOFILO
11 MANDULOG MANGCAS 1 50
12 MANDULOG LORNA GABISAY 1 50
13 MANDULOG NANCY BANTILAO 0.5 2
ROMULO,
14 MANDULOG GABONABA 1 50
CAMILO
15 MANDULOG BONTILAO 0.25 400
16 MANDULOG UYU, SALBO 0.5 100
ELIZABETH
17 MANDULOG SURVILLA 0.25 40
18 MANDULOG NIDA CUARESMA 2 25
EMILYN
19 MANDULOG PANADERA 1 50
21 MANDULOG FLORITA N. LOPEZ 0.25 20
22 MANDULOG JOLITA ARSEGA 0.025 160
23 MANDULOG ELPEDIA TAPING 0.02 1250
ARESTON 1.6666
24 MANDULOG GABONADA 3 667
REYNAN
25 KABACSANAN COLLANTES 2 75
26 KABACSANAN CIRIO COLLANTES 2 125
27 KABACSANAN EVA TUMARO 0.5 100
166.66
28 KABACSANAN JULIETA YAMARO 1.5 667
29 KABACSANAN SARLIGO ORONG 0.5 400
SONNY
30 HINDANG COLLANTES BANANA 2
ESPITUDION
31 HINDANG MONSANTO 4 12.5
MARCELO M.
32 HINDANG DULOG 2 25
ENGELINE
33 CABACSANAN SOSOSCO 1 50
MIGRIÑO
34 CABACSANAN LUZVIMINDA 2 25
35 CABACSANAN JOELPASCO 0.5 100
36 CABACSANAN MIGRIÑO GINA 1 7
DALIGDIG 4.4444
37 MAINIT FRANCISCO 22.5 444
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33.333
38 CABACSANAN NELITO COLANTES 1.5 333
ROSALITO
39 CABACSANAN MIGRIÑ0 2 25
CAESAR
40 CABACSANAN TALINGTING 2 75
UPPER ALFONSO 28.571
41 TOMINOBO SABAYTON 3.5 429
UPPER ROGELIO 8.3333
42 TOMINOBO SABAYTON 12 333
UPPER NARCISO
43 TOMINOBO GENELASO 5 20
UPPER IGLESERIO
44 TOMINOBO IMPUESTO 1.5 100
UPPER ELPIDIO 7.6923
45 TOMINOBO GENELASO 6.5 077
UPPER 66.666
46 TOMINOBO NOE BOTELLA 0.75 667
UPPER
47 TOMINOBO TEOFILO BACLAAN 2.5 20
UPPER 6.6666
48 TOMINOBO CELIA QUINAL 1.5 667
UPPER
49 TOMINOBO JOSE GENELASO 2 25
UPPER
50 TOMINOBO EXELSA SALUD 2 50
UPPER FLORAMIE
51 TOMINOBO GENELASO 2 25
UPPER
52 TOMINOBO ELDELITO TECSON 2 25
UPPER ANNIE CRIS
53 TOMINOBO COMENDADOR 1 50
TONGO 16.666
54 BURUUN MOISES MADULA 3 667
TONGO
55 BURUUN NESTOR HIOKO 0.25 200
TONGO 7.1428
56 BURUUN LAUDIA HIOKO 7 571
PRK 14
57 BURUUN CHIO MA. JUANA 0.5 100
PRK 14 MA. CLARA
58 BURUUN PARDILLO 0.25 16
PRK 14 GENOVIVA
59 BURUUN TORRES 0.25 200
TONGGO MAURICIA
60 BURUUN NADAYAG 0.25 4
TONGGO VICTORIA
61 BURUUN NATINGA 0.5 4
TONGGO FLORDELINA DE
62 BURUUN LA CRUZ 0.25 16
TONGGO
63 BURUUN PABLITA PILLAZAR 0.25 20
64 TONGGO FLORENDA 0.02 500
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 81

BURUUN CUPANG
65 HINDANG LARAY CARACOL 4 12.5
DANILO M.
66 HINDANG BAGARES 10 5
NESTOR M.
67 HINDANG DUROG 2 50.5
68 HINDANG JULY DELATADO 1 100
16.666
69 HINDANG EDGAR BAGARES 9 667
ROSITA BO
70 HINDANG BOTANAS 4 37.5
MERABEL 33.333
71 HINDANG BOTANAS 3 333
MAREILYN 14.285
72 HINDANG MONBATO 7 714
FRANKLIN 22.222
73 HINDANG COLONARES 9 222
74 HINDANG CEZAR TINGAS 10 25
ROLANDO 33.333
75 HINDANG LIGUTOM 3 333
76 HINDANG JUVY DIO 0.5 100
BONIFACIO
77 HINDANG BUTANAS 2.5 20
ANAVEL
78 HINDANG DILATADO 0.25 200
79 HINDANG MARLITA CASTRO 1 150
80 DIGKILAAN LUNGTOD HELEN 0.5 1000
ANNIE
81 DIGKILAAN MANGILINAN 0.25 200
ROSA VILLA
82 DIGKILAAN DELOS ANGELES 2 10
83 DIGKILAAN JESSICA ALJAS 1 500
DIONESON
84 DIGKILAAN SIARZA 1 500
MELALONA
85 DIGKILAAN ABORIN 2 250
LIBRADO
86 DIGKILAAN ESTOBAR 10 1
166.66
87 DIGKILAAN MARIBETH ABARO 3 667
PITZEL ABARO
88 DIGKILAAN EREGERO 1 250
MODESTO 16.666
89 BONBONON MONTUERTO 3 667
OMAR
90 BONBONON PANINDIGAN 1 50
MACADAYA
91 BONBONON MANGOTARA 1 50
3.4482
92 BONBONON ROLANDOFLORES 29 759
93 BONBONON EMMA JEISONE 1 100
94 DIGKILAAN VIRGO PETAGARA 1 50
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 82

ERNESTO
95 DIGKILAAN CALUNOD 1 50
96 DIGKILAAN RITA LORIA 0.25 400
97 DIGKILAAN RICARTE GABRIEL 0.25 400
ROBERTO
98 DIGKILAAN GABRIEL 0.25 400
JOSEPHINE
99 BONBONON PACALDA 0.25 4
AMIM
100 BONBONON MANGOTARA 0.5 20
101 DIGKILAAN PAUL TOCALO 2 50
SANDIX
102 BONBONON MANGOTARA 2 800
VICENTE 83.333
103 BONBONON BAGAMASPAD 3 333
33.333
104 DIGKILAAN MARCELA FLORES 3 333
CONRADO
105 PUGA-AN AREJOLA 3 100
JOVENO SAGRADO 142.85
106 PUGA-AN SR. 0.07 714
KAG. MATIAS 14.285
107 PUGA-AN BONTILAO 3.5 714
CONCHITA
108 PUGA-AN MOJADO 4 12.5
ROMEO 33.333
109 PUGA-AN NATIVIDAD 3 333
MANUANG RANZEL DELA 73.170
110 TUBOD CALZADA 4.1 732
UPPER RESTITUTO
111 HINAPLANON SELLAR 0.5 600
112 BAYUG ARCELI ANDOS 0.5 100
GENOVIVA
113 BAYUG VALLANCA 0.5 8
114 BAYUG JULIEANN LACUNA 0.25 400
115 BAYUG ARLYN GONZAGA 0.25 200
116 HINDANG DANILO BAGARES 3 100
117 VILLAVERDE LQ NADORRA COCONUT 5
118 PUGAAN CARLOS GULTIA CORN 2
DALIPUGA EXPEDITA
119 MAPALAD SAMSON 1 50
DALIPUGA PATRICIA
120 MAPALAD FAJARDO 4 125
DALIPUGA
121 MAPALAD LITO JARIOLME 0.01 500
DALIPUGA
122 MAPALAD FERNANDO OHAY 1 50
DALIPUGA PEDRITO
123 MAPALAD SEMBLANTE 1 50
DALIPUGA
124 MAPALAD NESTOR QUIBE 4 12.5
DALIPUGA BENJAMEN
125 MAPALAD RATERTA 2 25
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 83

DALIPUGA CRISTOBAL 16.666
126 MAPALAD DALIGDIG 1.5 667
ROGELIO
127 ABUNO PESALVER 4 12.5
128 ABUNO CECILIA LAGUNA 2.5 20
129 ABUNO LILITA HINUDIALA 1 50
LEOPOLDO
130 BUNAWAN PUEBLA 2 25
131 BUNAWAN ELMA MANATAD 1.5 300
132 BUNAWAN ELMER JURIZA 0.5 300
HERLINDA
133 BUNAWAN GUTIERREZ 2 150
SIEGFRED
134 BUNAWAN MAGDALAN 3 100
CHARITO
135 BUNAWAN VELASQUEZ 2 150
EMERITA
136 BUNAWAN JUEVESANO 0.5 600
DEOGENES
137 BUNAWAN ALVARICO 1 300
138 ABUNO PORFERIA MINGO 2 25
139 ABUNO PORFERIO GOMEZ 5 10
140 ABUNO REY APALLA 0.25 120
MAXIMO
141 ABUNO CAPANGPANGAN 0.25 200
ESTEBAN
142 ABUNO BEGONDO 4 2.5
MAGDALENA
143 ABUNO CAMACHO 4 125
144 ABUNO HELEN CAMORO 0.25 120
145 ABUNO JUDITH CAMACHO 3 100
JOSELITO
146 ABUNO PISALVER 0.5 200
147 ABUNO VIOLITO ATUEL 4 75
FERNANDO
148 ABUNO AGUSTIN 1 100
JERRY
149 ABUNO ALINSUNORIN 1 50
SERVANDO
150 PUGAAN ASIENDENTE 0.25 40
18234.
44
650.30(ha KGS /
Total s.) HAC.

Average (kgs. Per
Hec./day) 122.37877 44,668 kg/yr/hec
Count 149
1242.1445 453,382,737.8
Estimated MT Per Day MT kg/yr
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 84

Hectares 10150.00

Descriptive Statistics:
Mean 122.3787672 Kgs Org. Fertilizer/ Hec
Standard Error 15.48743901 44,668 kg/yr/hec.
Median 50
Mode 50
Standard
Deviation 189.0482856
Sample
Variance 35739.2543
Kurtosis 11.91470782
Skewness 3.092245087
Range 1249.875
Minimum 0.125
Maximum 1250
Sum 18234.43632
Count 149
Confidence
Level(90.0%) 25.63503236

SUMMARY
:
CMRCF
Supply 16,083,360 kg/yr OSE Products
Possible 453,382,737.8 IF100% will
Demand kg/yr Total Estimated D use OSE
S<D FEASIBLE

ITEM Percentage% Remarks
NO.
RESPONDENT 218 79.8
WILLING TO
BUY & USE OF
COMPOST
YES 174 9.2
NO 20 11
NONE
ANSWER 24
TOTAL AREA 650.30
TOTAL
COMPOST
NEEDED(kgs) 18,089.00
Plan to
18,234.44 upgrade &
KLS/HEC
(6,655,569.255 If 9.2% YES then S>D encourage
kg/yr) therefore insignificant to use OSE
***Source: ICSWMB-Staff, Agriculture Office,CEMO: Alice Coronado/ Engr. A. Quidlat
See Annex 5 Market Survey Study for Detailed
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 85

7.5 Diversion Plan of Waste

The Iligan City Solid Waste Management Plan is to establish MRF for each Barangay for
the diversion of waste to collect recyclable/recoverable material and biodegradable
waste at source. The BMRF will also process and collect the excess segregated waste
from the barangay generation to maintain Eighty tons or lesser for the operation of central
MRCF at BRGY. Bonbonon. The assistance of LGU will be provided to the Pilot
Barangay Recycling / Composting Facility at Brgy. Del Carmen and support other
constituents who are undertaking participatory activity in the establishment of Barangay
MRF. Promoting and strengthening sales and market of recyclable from BMRF would
probably reduce by 25% of waste flow from final disposal.
*The marketing of the Barangay MRF products shall principle by the
responsibility of each Barangay since the operation of the MRF is under their control
however, the City through the marketing staff shall assist the Barangay with their
products as follows:
1. Networking with other LGU ‘s and big buyer of compost and recyclables
2. Arrange for marketing summits, and fairs to bring the buyers and Barangay
together.
3. Arrange for the use of the City of some Barangay MRF outputs if the City
requirements cannot be met by the City Material Recovery and Composting
facility.
4. Provide seminars, lectures and other marketing and administrative support.
5. Arrange for a bulk purchase of all products of the Barangays under a common
brand name and advertisement of Barangay MRF products together with that
of the CMRCF.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 86

7.6 DISPOSAL SYSTEM

The selected MRF site in Barangay Bonbonon is at least 7.5 kilometers from the
City proper and is accessible by land through two incoming routes, which will take a car,
at least 20 minutes drive. The 122,271 square meters proposed CMRCF new disposal site
would utilize 5 hectares processing facility.
The project plan will direct and solve the current garbage disposal problem of
almost filled-up open dumping at Barangay Santiago area, through the combined
technologies in waste recovery, recycling, composting and safe keeping Facilities of
special/ hazardous waste generated from stationary source.

• CENTRAL MATERIAL RECOVERY AND COMPOSTING FACILITY
(New facilities)
*Facilities and Utilities: The Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility
shall be equipped with sufficient facilities and amenities to handle the MSW generated by
the City. These facilities and their brief description are as follows:
Description of Design Facility*
1. Fencing, Gates and Guardhouses of the entire 12.227 hectare area; and a
secondary fencing of the 5 hectare City Material Recovery and Composting Facility
area.- This is to prevent entry of unauthorized persons scavengers, and stray animals into
the facility to avoid accidents and harm as required by RA 9003.
2. Administration Building to house the Public Services Division, and the
Management staff- This building shall be equipped with modern communications
facilities, computers, and other ordinary office facilities, as well as a cafeteria to handled
the requirement of all the personnel of the City Material Recovery and Composting
Facility, and others on a 24/7 basis.
3. Products Center- This shall be used for the training of workers for recycling
of solid waste items, as well as display area for all the products. The products center shall
also be used for presentation, entertainment area for visitors and guests from all over the
country once the facility is on operational.
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 87

4. Agri Demo Garden- This is basically an agricultural farm wherein the
compost is used to demonstrate its efficacy. This shall also be a training farm for farmers
and gardening enthusiasts in the use of compost and soil enhancers.
5. Material Recovery Facility- This facility is to segregate the mixed waste and
prepare them for composting. It is equipped with a ramp, hoppers, conveyor system,
hammer mills, rotary screen, and others. This is the heart and center of the whole City
Material Recovery and Composting Facility operations. In this area, the solid waste is
processed for composting, recycling, and disposal.
6. Aerated Static Pile Composting Bins – These are static pile composting bins
with forced aeration system to hasten composting. It has concrete flooring and hollow
block walls, with screw conveyors to evenly distribute the solid waste. It has open ends to
allow for the withdrawal of compost after about 30 days period, manually or by a small
pay loader.
7. Rotary In Vessel Composting - These are electrically powered rotary in vessel
composting drums that are used to compost smelly biodegradable. The composting can
be done in 3 to 5 days due to the very efficient system, and high temperature. This is
made of stainless steel to reduced corrosion due to the action of the composting solid
waste. Hammer milled solid waste mixed with carbon amendments and inoculants are
feed into this rotary in vessel composters through an opening or window.
8. Motor Pool and Carpentry Shop- In this area the garbage trunks and other
heavy equipment are repaired and maintained. Major repair works shall be bidded out to
qualified repair shops in the city. This is equipped with necessary tools and equipment for
the maintenance of all the collection fleet of PSD. In front of this area also shall be a
parking area for all the heavy equipment of PSD. The carpentry shop also handles all the
carpentry works, and fabrication of signage, markers, and the like.
9. Agri Nursery- A nursery area for the entire seedling for the agri demo garden.
High yielding crops are initially grown in this area to be planted in the demo garden
within the facility, or in leased area nearby.
10. Residuals management area-In this area the residual are processed and
stored. Some residuals are encapsulated, others turned into bricks and hollow blocks,
while others are simply baled for future use. Residuals shall be milled to small sizes and

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 88

then mixed with concrete for footpaths and other non-load bearing projects of the City.
This area shall be off limits to the general public except with special permission from the
Public Services Division management. In this facility, the residuals are thoroughly
processed to remove all biodegradable wastes that could cause leach ate. The area shall
be protected from surface water / run-off, and the drainage well planned to divert any
such surface water run-off. Several concrete lined burial pits or vaults shall be
constructed to receive the baled residuals These shall be temporarily roofed with canvass
sheets, and once filled shall be poured with solid concrete on top to entomb or
encapsulate the baled residuals, and thus prevent the development of leach ate.
11. Special and Hazardous Facility- This facility shall process all the medical
waste and special waste from domestic waste. The guidelines followed in the handling.
Storage and transport of this waste is in line with the DOH Health Care Waste
Management Manual, 2004. At the facility, there shall be an autoclave to sterilize and
disinfects medical waste prior to placement either at the concrete vault or in the burial pit.
Small health care establishment can use this facility for disposal of their medical waste
for a minimal rental fee. Big hospitals could also construct their own burial pits by
renting plots within the facility. The Special and Hazardous Facility shall be fenced off,
and guarded to limit access to said facility.
12. Butterfly farm-This is an area where butterfly are propagated for possible
income generating purpose. Various plants and trees using compost products are grown
to help the butterfly grow normally in a natural environment. Visitors to the City Material
Recovery and Composting Facility can visit this farm which is just within the 12 hectare
area. This farm can attract students, visitors, entomologist and the public at large to visit
the City Material Recovery and Composting Facility.
13. Water System- This shall provide all the potable drinking requirements of the
City Material Recovery and Composting Facility and the Public Services Division
personnel. An overhead water tank shall provide sourced out from a drilled well in the
spring area. The water supply system shall also supply the requirements of the wash rack
for the collection fleet.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 89

14.Electrical System- The electrical System shall come from ILPI supply line (3
Phase) for the requirements of the facility.
15. Access Roads- The main access road shall be from Sitio Barinaut to
Bonbonon, with an alternate rout via the Pryce Properties Cemetery area, and some cases
via Barangay Kiwalan. These access roads shall be developed, widened, and graded to
improve its gradient. Drainage canal shall be installed in strategic location of the road,
and a street lighting system shall be installed to illuminate the access road going into the
site.
16. Monitoring wells- Down groundwater gradient from the residuals storage
area, a monitoring well system shall be installed to monitor the presence of contaminants
in the ground water. Ground water samples from the uppermost aquifers shall be obtained
from the sampling wells every 3 months and tested in the laboratory for any
contamination. One (1) monitoring well shall be constructed down groundwater gradient
from the residuals management area.(50 m away), and one (1) monitoring well located up
gradient and beyond the effect of the leach ate for background groundwater quality data.
A hydrological study of the residuals management area shall be conducted to determined
the groundwater gradient in order to properly plan the location and depth of the
monitoring well.
17. Interceptor canal- A drainage system around the perimeter of the Central
Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall be installed to prevent the entry of
surface water into the facility, and thus, reduce or eliminate the amount of leach ate
generated.
18. Roads and Truck Washing Facilities- The roads in the Central Material
Recovery and Composting Facility shall be concreted, while some portions shall have
ordinary all weather gravel road. A wash rack shall be constructed for washing of the
garbage trucks after it has delivered its load into the receiving hopper. This is for
sanitation purposes, as well as to avoid complaints from residences along the access road
to the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility.
19. Toilets and Shower Facilities- The Central Material Recovery and
Composting Facility shall be equipped with toilets and shower facilities to enable the
workers to bath after work, and before going home to their families. This is to avoid

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 90

spreading to family members any diseases or bacteria obtained from working with solid
waste in the facility.

 DISPOSAL CAPACITY
*The processing center will be handling 80 tons MSW:
The projected volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) of the City is 125 ton per
day (at 0.69 kg. per capita and at 8 5 % collection efficiency, assumed % Reduction).
Eighty tons (80 tpd) shall be processed by the CMRCF (see Table 3.6) while the
remainder of 45 tons shall be handle by the Barangays who are mandated by R.A. 9003
to also set up their own individual Material Recovery Facility. An active waste
segregation program shall also be instituted immediately in order to reduce the volumes
expected for processing.
 LIFESPAN*: This site can solve the garbage problems for the next 50 years.
 Acceptable Technology*(Technical Aspect):

A. Projects Highlights*

The City of Iligan under the administration of Hon. Lawrence L. Cruz has
accelerated the implementation of the solid waste management program that will solve
the MSW problem of the city in accordance with R.A. 9003 or known as the Ecological
Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (ESWM).

The projected volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) of the City is 125 ton per
day (at 0.69 kg. per capita and at 0.85 % collection efficiency of Table 3.6) Eighty tons
(80 tpd) shall be processed by the CMRCF while the remainder of 45 tons shall be
handled by the Barangays who are mandated by R.A. 9003 to also set up their own
individual Material Recovery Facility. An active waste segregation program shall also be
instituted immediately in order to reduce the volumes expected for processing.

The residual wastes from the Barangay MRF shall be handled by the CMRCF,
including any excess solid waste volume they could not process, as well as the processing
and storage of biodegradable (if they will decide to limit their MRF operation to only

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 91

sorting and recycling of non biodegradable solid waste) (See Figure 7.1a – Schematic
Diagram of the Iligan City Iligan City Solid Waste Management System). This scheme is
adopted because of the possibility that the Barangays may not have the financial
capability to construct. Operate and maintain a full-blown Barangay Material Recovery
Facility with segregation, shredding, and composting ability. Many Barangays in fact has
already indicated that they prefer a scaled down MRF that will handled only segregation,
especially, the selling of recyclables- since this has immediate income generating
possibilities. Thus, this proposed system is design to be fully capable of absorbing all
solid waste inputs expected from the Barangay.

The City government will obtain funds for the immediate capital investment
required to set up this facility by obtaining a loan from the Environmental Solid Waste
Fund of the Development Bank of the Philippines, or other financing institutions.

As briefly mentioned above, the City government shall bid out, in accordance
with R.A. 9184 (or the Government Procurement Reform Act), the MRCF equipment
supply and the management (designated as the Facility Manager) of the facility for 3 to
5 years utilizing a fixed working capital set up at the beginning of the project. The City
shall shoulder the cost of payroll, power and other inputs while the facility Manager will
absorb the cost of the solid inoculants inputs to enhance the marketability of the organic
compost fertilizer produced.

The Facility Manager / equipment supplier will not be paid a management fee but
instead a profit share of up to 40%. In addition, the Facility Manager will be entitled to
the equivalent of 70% of the organic compost fertilizer produced from the CMRCF to
recover its investment for the cost of solid inoculants composting inputs.

The 15 year Cast Projection (Table 11.4) indicates the projects strong financial
capability to pay the investment cost and sustain the solid waste operations for the city. It
will be the major responsibility of the designated Facility Manager to operate the
CMRCF without continuously asking operating funds from the City government, but to

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 92

operate the CMRCF on its own sustainable resources earlier than the contracted five-
year period.

This project is expected to be a model CMRCF project that can motivate the City
of Iligan community and environ LGUs to become involved in the effective
implementation of the solid waste management act. The program envisions the
establishment and operation of a factory approach to an organic compost fertilizer plant
using biodegradable garbage as raw material input, with recyclables as by- products.

B. Production Program*

Solid Waste shall be brought in by the City collector’s truck (using the existing10
truck, which shall be reconditioned, and 3 brand new 8 CM capacity trucks under the
PSD). Presumed volume for initial processing will be 80 tons per day with an average
waste character of 68% biodegradable waste and 32% non-biodegradable waste. If the
waste character changes, the equipment system has the flexibility to adapt to the volume
changes through a simple re-assignment of workers to where the volume has had
increases.

The process flow within the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility
for 80 tpd is described below (Refer to Figure 11.1 Process Flow Diagram and Mass
Balance for the City Material Recovery and Composting Facility):

1. Garbage Trucks backing up through a Ramp Riser are brought in and dumped to a 5
tons load Receiving Hopper. There is a need to establish a sequential and schedule
collector truck arrival in order that down time and traffic movements can be
controlled. Power sprayers with enzymes to eliminate or reduce odor could be used
at this point on the MSW especially for the unbagged garbage.

2. The pathogenic or toxic (batteries, aerosol cans, paint cans, oils, etc.) heavy or large
materials are hand picked out of the Hopper and placed in the Recyclable Trolleys.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 93

3. Garbage in bags passes through two (2) persons who undertake manual bag breaking
or slitting of the bags/sacks. Other materials move through a Mechanical Conveyor
that feeds into a Trommel Screener.
4. The Trommel Screener removes small particles of waste like candy wrappers, small
fruits and maggots. It also loosens up the garbage to make them available for easy
manual sorting when they pass through the conveyor station.
5. Screened materials move into a 4-way conveyor sort station manned by sorter /
pickers / classifiers.
6. 1st pass conveyor removes biodegradable waste and this is selected, picked and
thrown into an feed Conveyor moving into the Hammer mill / Shredder.
7. At this station, the Solid Inoculants is sprinkled to the bio-waste for faster
decomposition, odor control, and amendment to increased the carbon content and
absorptive properties of the organic compost fertilizer being produced.
8. 2nd pass Conveyor removes primarily plastic waste.
9. 3rd pass conveyor removes metal, glass, paper, and rubber.
10. 4th pass Conveyor removes toxic or non-recyclable objects.
11. The conveyor brings unsorted materials backs into position 1st pass conveyor and on-
and-on until the sorting and classification of materials is satisfactorily completed.
12. In the entire receiving, conveying and sorting process, there will be no leach ate
experienced. Water drips from wet garbage or out of hammer milling will be
eliminated as soon as Screw Conveyor which distributes the Facility Manager
Carbon amendment attaches to the wet raw material. All other periphery canals to
totally avoid any liquid flow out of the CMRCF.
13. Biodegradable waste is hammer milled, and the output conveyed into either Rotary
Composter Drums (5-day early composting specially for odorous waste) and Static
Aerated Pile Greenhouse type Composter Bins 30 day composting).
14. The output organic compost fertilizer is allowed to mature after harvest for 45 days,
screened and packed in bags for farming use or commercial sale.

15. The non-biodegradable are further sorted, classified, washed, pressed, etc. these are
then baled, crushed, compacted, ready for sale to junk shop operators.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 94

16. Non-toxic “residual waste” ordinarily destined for land filling are brought to a heavy
duty crushing machine and flaked. The flakes are used as at least 50% mixture
together and in lieu of sand and are converted into concrete bricks, pavement stones,
or any other formed cement structure, using mixers and concrete molds. These output
materials are ideal for beautification programs in parks, bangketas, drainage canals,
fencing, dividers, etc.
17. Remaining materials such as toxic are the only garbage materials that are baled and
compacted and either neatly stockpiled or brought to the non-organic residuals
storage facility or further processing. (Note: This CMRCF site will not have any land
filling activity. If at all, a concrete lined landfill for toxic and hazardous waste
materials, at minimal expense and maintenance cost using the encapsulation
technology shall be constructed. The lined excavation will be covered and from
rainfall.)
18. Organic compost fertilizers are utilized for organic farming. They can be upgraded
with chicken manure to make them commercial grade for marketing. The compost
formulation can be used in rice, corn, sugar cane fruits trees, flower, vegetable farms
and even fish farms.
C. Manpower Complement*

For the 80 tons per day volume, the project will provide direct employment to a
total of 97 personnel working into two-8 hour shift per day, 365 days of the year. Some
workers are involved in concrete brick production, maintenance, utility and security
services, and administrative staff.
The personnel complement for the Central Material Recovery and Composting
Facility will include the following:

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 95

Table 7.4
Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility Personnel Complement

MRF operations 62
Concrete bricks operation 12
Maintenance / Electrician 6
Security 3
Drivers and Helpers 3
Total Direct Workers 86
Administration and Accounting 6
Supervision and Facility Management 5
Total Direct Personnel 97

In order to avoid displacement of existing scavenger workers, the Facility
Manager shall train and employ workers all to come from the city, except the
management and supervisory and technical staff. The workers are to be paid at not less
than the legal minimum wage rates. They are also provided with employee benefits
including uniforms (three uniforms per year) and safety devices, and shall be covered
with Social Security and medical care benefits.

The total personnel requirement for the entire facility includes those from the
existing collection services of PSD, the Central Material Recovery and Composting
Facility as mentioned above, the agri demo garden, the butterfly farm, the residuals
management area, products center, motor pool, security, maintenance personnel,
cafeteria, and the administrative staff. The actual requirement is seasonal as it increases
or decreases depending upon the actual requirement during particular periods. This
however will be handled by the hiring of casuals, as is the current practice in the City.
The existing and estimated personnel requirement is as shown in Table 9.2 Tabulation of
Existing and Proposed PSD Personnel with the Operation of the Material Recovery and
Composting Facility.

Part of the program will be introducing other forms of livelihood that will
improve the living conditions of the worker families.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 96

 SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN

* Land Site Requirements
On the site will be constructed initially a 2,650 sq. m. building structure roofed
and concrete floored (with a greenhouse design) to house the processing and sorting
equipments. There will also be a 500 sq. m. Storage Shed / Recycling Center, twenty-
three (23) Composting Green House Type Bins with hollow block. Total required area is
5 hectares including demo agri-garden and other facilities describe above.
A portion of the land will be devoted to organic farming to test and demonstrate
the efficacy of the organic compost fertilizer to be produced. The site will have electric
three phase power lines, water system and drainage. An interceptor canal along the
perimeter of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall be constructed
to intercept and control the volume of surface run-off of the project site catchments area.
A completely design has already been prepared and is attached to the study.
The City Engineer’s office and the ICSWMB shall supply all the technical
specifications needed for the CMRCF installation, including electrical power
requirements and layout, building and equipment layout, structural specifications, other
civil works such as drainage and culverts, water and electrical system, storage facility
arrangements to be in compliance with DENR regulations, and other pertinent laws. See
Figure 2.2 Site Development Plan Of CMRCF.

7.7 CLOSURE PLAN OF EXISTING OPEN DUMPSITE

Based in Article 5 Section 37 of R.A 9003, No open dumps shall be operated
upon the affectivity of act, provided that LGU shall convert its open dump into controlled
fill with the following guidelines;
1.) Regular inert cover
2.) Drainage control
3.) Fencing for litter control & waste picking
4.) Maintain access road
5.) Vegetation
6.) Provision for aerobic & anaerobic decomposition

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 97

7.) Record keeping & monitoring
8.) Hydrological setting.
The City is currently operating a controlled dumpsite, which shall be closed upon
the operation of the Central MRCF and of the Barangay MRF. The improvement activity
set at the dumpsite was covering with soil, peripheral site drainage control for run-off
surface water, and installation of vent pipes for gas emission and medical assistance for
the resident’s area. These plans to rehabilitate and upgrade controlled dumpsite have been
initially initiated by the LGU and City Engineer Office.

7.8 MARKET DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND LIVELIHOOD OPERATIONS
* Disposal of Central MRCF Products

The marketing of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility
products is an essential element in the success and sustainability of the operation of this
facility. For this purpose, the City shall adopt the strategy as explained below.
The program of operations of the Central Material Recovery and Composting
Facility shall have the following four (4) outputs:
1.) Recyclable saleable materials,
2.) Organic compost fertilizer,
3.) Residuals into concrete bricks, and
4.) Baled residuals for long storage or future inventory disposition.
The recyclables although already sorted at the household and collected on
different schedules will be finally reclassified, sorted, washed and baled at the Central
Material Recovery and Composting Facility. There are regular junk buyers located in the
city and the nearby provinces but as the volumes of recyclables develop, the buyers will
be the one to converge to the City based on the experience of other managed Central
Material Recovery and Composting Facility projects.
The current scavengers of the City particularly in Barangay Santiago shall be
given the opportunity to form their own multipurpose scavengers cooperative. If they are
able to form this properly, the city can allow the Coop members to sort out all of the
saleable recyclables as part of their group’s income instead of to the City. The City shall
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 98

not however pay them for the sorting and classification effort. The scavengers shall
benefit mostly from non- competition, working in a roofed environment and away from
rain and sunshine all day long, and support benefits for uniforms and safety devices.
The advantages of organic compost will be demonstrated in the remaining vacant
land areas adjacent to the CMRCF site and in nearby farmlands to be leased (see fig. 2.2
Site Development Plan of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility in
Brgy. Bonbonon). These farms will become demonstration and training areas for the city
residents.
The Facility Manager should also have a regular organic farming and sales
distribution group that takes care of marketing of the organic compost fertilizers and a
network of market outlets. This shall be included in the Terms of Reference for the
bidding, and will thus insure a steady outlet of the CMRCF outputs.
The application of compost in various Abaca plantations in the City to
demonstrate the quality and growth of properly organically fertilized plants is also
possible market strategy. Abaca takes two years to provide for its first income, but,
subsequently after, the multiplier effect is in multiples of 5. Wholesale supply of compost
to abaca and other plantations in the Philippines especially now that many developing
countries in the world favors organically grown agri products could also be negotiated by
the marketing section of the CMRCF.
Concrete bricks will be manufactured during the day shift. Output will primarily
be transferred to the city for their civil works, infrastructure and beautification programs
under a pre- agreed upon cost arrangement. The CEO and Barangays could avail of these
products in their non load bearing bricks requirements at a reduced price but with the
income still accruing to the CMRCF operations remainder of the production will be sold
by a full time sales person through a wholesale distribution scheme to be developed in
detail by the Iligan City Solid Waste Management Board: TWC on Livelihood and
Marketing. *

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 99

Table 7.5 ICSWMB-TWC on Livelihood and Marketing Activities/Plans
Livelihood Development Marketing
Action Plan
A. Brgy. Bonbonon A. Brgy. Bonbonon
By December 2006-form two(2) By December 2006- buyer for compost,
Cooperatives non-bio products, recycled items, cut
-Coop raining flower, handicraft, etc., is already
-Financial Available (identified).
Recycles (trained on: bagmaking, * Suggestions: 1. Survey of potential market
Slippers, plastic molding, Cut 2. Marketing Summit
flower production, Etc) 3. Recyclers forums
• Non-Bio Segregators( Trained 4. Advertisement (?)
on: Packaging, Segregation) Issue- How to sell the non-bio to the
Training Center Services: Coops (system-pricing-monitoring of sales)
- Recycling - How to convince the farmers to use the
- Slipper making compost product.
- Novelty items Market support in- place by 1st semester of 2007
- Handicrafts for:
- Cut flower production - Compost sales
- Plastic molding - Recycled items /products
- Brick making - Non- bio products
B. Non-bio segregators B. Barangay Santiago
Training needed: Action Plan Time table
- Segregation/ classification of Livelihood for scavengers (88 Dec. 2006
plastics, papers, metals, persons)could be done thru:
props preparation and - CDLO
packaging of said item, etc… - Consultant
- Third party
Provide:
-Training /Capability Bldg.
- Cooperativized(?)
- initial working capital
- training/capability bldg.
-
C. Training Center C. Other barangay
Services Interested to have
Training needed: Their MRF ( ie. Kiwalan,
• Recycling Luinab, Ma. Cristina,
• Handicrafts San Miguel)
• backyard composting -Same above
• Segregation -Livelihood /training
• Cut flower production Assistance
st
by
1 semester of 2007(?)
• etc.

D. Butterfly Farm/ Market support in-placed by

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And
Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB,
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 100

Nursery 1st semester of 2007 for
Training Needed: • Compost
Operation of butterfly farm • Recyclable item
Caring for butterflies • Non-bio products
Marketing
Packaging
Source: ICSWMB-TWC: CDLO

7.9 IEC-INFORMATION, EDUCATION, CAMPAIGN PLANS /PROGRAM

Based on Section 55 0f R.A. 9003, Public Education and Information is important
to conduct a continuing education and information campaign on solid waste management.
The program shall aim to develop public awareness of the ill effects of the solid waste
problem and the solutions in a community-based approach. The IEC shall concentrate on
practical activities that will have the greatest impact on solid waste management like
resource conservation and recovery, recycling, segregation at source, re-used, reduction,
and composting. Aim to encourage general public, accredited NGO’s and people
organization an intensified and sustainable information campaign relevant to waste
minimization.
Through the efforts of the DILG, DECS, TESDA, CHED, PIA, DENR,
Government Agencies, NGOs and Private Institutions as commissioning committee on
Education Information Campaign (IEC) strengthen immediate initiation of the activity
and plans of environmental concern at all level in Barangay which includes household
residents, private individuals, schools, institution, markets, hospitals and clinics,
commercial and industrial to reduced waste for MRCF processing.
The JGB Guevarra Foundation, Inc. (NGOs) is identified to have Participative act
in undertaking a waste minimization and resource recovery program in Iligan City under
the supervision of ICSWM. They had organized barangay as pilot communities for
household segregation and recycling recovery at source.
Current list of activities and Plan for IEC- advocacy undertaken are listed below
as of 2006.
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 101

Table 7.6List of IEC Activities/ Plans
Activity/ Date Target Audience Message Effectiveness
1. Poster-Making / Contest Schools, Institution, SWM: How to Success public
Barangay, Public handle Refuse participation/
awards scheme
2. Interfacing w/ ABC Barangay Captain & Info on SWM Courtesy call /
Councils schedule / Set up info on SWMP
5. Interfacing w/ 28 Brgy. Barangay Captain and SWM system Urging Proper
Councils Councils. advocacy; closure SWM/ INFO on
Brgy. Santiago plan of Brgy. MRCF, up-
Santiago Open grading open
dumpsite dumpsite
3. Production of Flayers & Public individuals Picture out SWM; On-going to
Stickers 3R’s /Composting produce 10,000
pcs.
4. Radio Campaign (all Public information SWMP-MRF, On-going
local radio station s) * Segregation, Activity
campaign Spots * Guesting 3R’s, composting
/ Updating
5. TV Campaign Public information SWMP-MRCF, On-going
Segregation, Activity
3R’s, composting
6. Campaign by Sector Market, Church, SWMP-MRCF, Work plan
Commercial Segregation, scheduled,
Establishment, Hospital, 3R’s, composting On-going
Industrial/ Shops, Activity
FishLanding/BAGSAKAN
School,
BARANGAY Level
7. Facilitate Seminar to 28 Scavenger, Closure & Medical
Barangay, Brgy. Household, Rehabilitation of Assistance,
IEC Group will Assist the Brgy. Council Barangay Up grade site &
Formulation of Barangay Santiago dump road w/ soil
SWM committees in the site, cover,
campaign. SWM: How to Constructed
handle Refuse Drainage Canal
on the active
site dump
8. To impart penal All Sectors Inform laws & Enforcement
provisions & ordinance penalty plan, On-going
related to environment
Source: TWC-IEC:ICSWMB
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 102