10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

64

Chapter VII Plans and Programs of Iligan City Solid Waste Management System
The Plan preparation of The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System (ICSWMS) was made possible thru the Executive Order No. 332 Series of 2005 followed by Exec. Or. no. 645 s. 2006, the creation of Iligan City Solid Waste Management Board and with the Technical Working Committee (TWC) based on the Dept. of Environmental and Natural Resources (DENR) and Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A 9003. The ICSWMB-TWC was tasked to prepare Integrated/Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Plan to achieve the objectives defined in Chapter 6 of this plan to direct issues on waste generation, Recovery, Collection, Processing and final Disposal for the next 10 year. The representatives of local government agency included in the ICSWMB-TWC have undertaken their roles and responsibility to ensure Solid Waste Management system are the following committees on; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Planning And Institutionalization Financial Resources and Monitoring Lot Acquisition Implementation Development and Enforcement Livelihood Development And Marketing Information Education Campaign Special / Hazardous Waste Brgy. Santiago Closure Dumpsite & Improvements

Cooperation’s of Government Agency and non-Government Agency including the academic is responsible in preparing the Iligan City Solid Waste Management Plan. Foremost, the Community involvement is the forefront of planning activity. The basis of undertaking the plans and program are: 1. PRMDP: SWM Master Plan Report 2. Consultation / Workshop / Conference • Barangay Environment Committee • Department of Educations • Sanitary/ City Health Office • Personal involvement in Solid Waste Collection • DENR – Iligan City

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

65

• City Government Agencies (LGU) 3. Meeting / Study Trips 4. Feasibility Study Report on the Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project (ICSWMB) 5. Strategic Planning Workshop For ICSWMB & TWC in the implementation of Material Recovery Facility and the omnibus City ordinance for Iligan City Solid Waste Management The purpose is to attain the thrust stated to establish, implement a cost effective interrelated and sustainable Solid Waste Management System that will focus in addressing the Solid Waste Management Programs in Iligan City considering the following components are Source Reduction, Segregation Plan of Sector Involve, Recycling, Collection/Transfer Plan, Composting plan, Diversion of Waste, New Facility of Central MRCF System Project, Disposal system, Special & Hazardous waste Facility, IEC Plans & activities, and Livelihood Development and Marketing.

7.1 SOURCE REDUCTION Based on section 1 DAO-IRR of R.A 9003, Volume Reduction at source is the main objective of the Integrated Ecological solid waste management system. That all constituents shall promote and responsible for sorting and segregation of biodegradable and non-biodegradable recyclable waste at the household in barangay level and all other sources such as markets, commercial, institution, schools, hospitals and industry. The Plan is to reduce the amount of waste disposed by diverting at least 25% of all Solid Waste from the Material Recovery and Composting Facility through Re- Use, Recycling and Composting activities and possible resource recovery activities of Barangay MRF, as provided in Section17, 20 of R.A 9003. See Table 3.6-Projected MSW Generation of Estimated Population of 29 Barangay In Iligan City for ICSWM Plan. The City of Iligan is undertaking a Waste Minimization and Recovery project to reduce waste at source has been identified and acknowledged through the efforts of JGC Guevarra Foundation Inc. under the supervision of the Iligan City Solid Waste

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

66

Management Board with the IEC advocacy. The implementation of the scheme activity for the household segregation recycling and composting has been mobilized with the participation of Barangay Buru-un & Maria Cristina. Organization and participation involve Barangay community activities on the waste management system thru IEC prior to construction of Central MRCF project. Strengthening the market of the recyclable / recoverable materials shall be made possible to minimized waste stream and increase economic practically in implemented this plan. Price list of Recyclable materials and market Junk store are shown in Table 7.2. • Plans for Waste Reduction at source: 1. Institutionalization of SWM to all sectors at the barangay level constituents involves in proper handling and collection system of garbage generated at source by having alternative measure how to keep and process own waste. 2. Educate thru information how to handle organic compost material mostly generated at the household like kitchen waste, papers and cartoons for alternative decomposition procedure and re-using. 3. Institute a policy and ordinance to the barangay solid waste management initiating BMRF and committee on collection methods to support the mandatory activity of recycling, composting and re-using in promotion to practice clean production system at source. 4. Strengthening market availability for recovered recyclable materials like bottles, broken plastic, scrap steel at source. 5. Assist the barangay committee thru IEC to practice and encourage backyards composting and 3 R’s (Reduce, re-used, Recycle). 6. Through the efforts of education and information campaign with the coordination of barangay committee in all sectors to minimize used of plastic and /or recycle and re-used otherwise used biodegradable wrappers such as basket bag. 7. Institute a policy of an accord ordinance at barangay level that “Polluters Must Pay”. 8. Institute a policy to assist each barangay in planning solid waste management.

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

67

7.2 COLLECTION PLAN Overview: The setting of new Material Recovery & Composting Facility site is located 7.8 km away from the national high way at Bangko, Brgy. Bonbonon, where as the collection of Solid Waste shall be done in a way that prevents spillage and appropriate compartments to ensure safe and efficient collection and transit, provided in section 1 rule X of DAO-IRR no 2001-34 series of 2001 of R.A. 9003. *In consideration to ensure safe and efficient collection, transfer and handling of solid waste, the ICSWMB – TWC proposed plans and these are the following; a. To have three (3) additional equipments vehicles design to hauled specific type of waste either segregated and/ or mixed wasted, special/ hazardous waste, maintained operational condition, convenient capacity and separated collection schedules as specified above. b. To have practical collection in house to house and in two (2) markets of mixed waste, segregated Biodegradable or recyclable waste and residuals. c. d. e. f. To acquired Equipment vehicle type of Compress truck, with 8 to 12 To trained and equipped with personal protective device for the To set an alternative collection of mixed waste Institutes every Barangay or cluster of Barangay responsibility for the cu. m. Capacity of model type favored. personnel collectors.

collection, segregation, recycling of biodegradable/recyclable, compostable and re-usable waste for the establishment of BMRF. g. h. The project Plan is to install Pilot MRF at Brgy. Del Carmen is on– To collect Non Organic Residual waste from the Barangay MRF going and green hills MRF at Luinab facilitated by the Barangay committees.

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

68

 METHODS OF COLLECTION * Collection of Solid Waste The City will continue to collect the MSW using the present fleet of garbage trucks. This is discussed in detail below. There will be a need for a major waste segregation campaign among the communities who are the waste generators. This IEC will be a joint effort between the ICSWMB, the Facility Managers, PSD, other stakeholders and NGO’s. Collection Route and Schedule: Future garbage collection program will involve daily collection of biodegradable waste and a two times a week collection of nonbiodegradable waste, using color coded trucks. Residuals: Very minimal residuals (mostly toxic or polluting materials) will be segregated and this will primarily baled and compacted, then stored neatly, awaiting future utilization or disposition. (As baled materials on storage, there will be no need to introduce 6-cm- soil cover as required in a sanitary landfill. The soil cover requirement is a very expensive and time-consuming daily work activity.) This CMRCF shall demonstrate the practical approach and effectiveness of “baled and compacted” residuals considered as resources placed on storage for future utilization. This is part of a targeted Zero Waste Management program, the first part of which is the conversion of concrete bricks out of shredded residual waste. Storage And Set Out Plan: The collection set out of the MSW will be continue on garbage fleet of trucks by the City as referred to the existing public services given to any places of the barangay and time/day scheduled. The waste generator shall provide their practical storage container that should be easily identifying prior its collection route.

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

69

As soon as the Barangays have their own establish Material Recovery Facility for storage and set out, collection may be done in the BMRF.  COLLECTION TRUCK REQUIREMENTS A. Status of the Existing City Garbage Trucks* The city has eleven (11) garbage trucks (press packs and open dump type) with one (1) 5 CM capacity compactor already non-operational. Eight (8) of these were acquired way back 1993, while three (3) was obtained in 1998. The ten (10) operational garbage trucks has a total fleet capacity of 153 TPD assuming four (4) trips per day per unit which is the present practice now. This is still possible even with the CMRCF at Barangay Bonbonon because the average one-way travel or delivery time from the City during off traffic hours is around 20 minutes. Based from the present status of the said trucks, PSD plans to recondition the said trucks to extend their operating life to at least 3 to 5 years more depending on the actual usage ad maintenance. (See Table 3.2 Status of the Existing City Garbage Trucks 2005). B. Collection Truck Requirements* With the reconditioning, proper usage, and a good preventive maintenance system, it is expected that the 1993 batch of trucks may be usable up to 2008, while the 1998 batch could be used up to 2013. This means that with the extended life span of the existing fleet only a few additional units has to be acquired to meet the expected volume of MSW. The collection truck requirements for the City are projected as shown in Table7.1. The total of five (5) trucks that are need to be acquired up to 2019, particularly when the present fleet of eleven (11) trucks will be retired by 2013. This requirement assumes using 8 C.M capacity garbage trucks (press packs and/or dump truck) since bigger trucks would be difficult to maneuver in the old and narrows streets of the City, and may even damaged the concrete roads of some subdivisions due to the heavy weight of the said trucks when fully loaded.

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

70

Based form this evaluation, an additional of three (3) trucks (including 1 unit standby capacity in case of downtime, repair and maintenance) is needed up to 2007. The remaining requirement could be purchased gradually under the 20% CDF on a yearly basis, until the full compliment of trucks is acquired by the City. This approached is the most practical approach with the considerable investment necessary to buy brand new garbage trucks, and one which takes into consideration the effort of PSD to prolong the actual usage of their existing fleet through reconditioning and maintenance. • COLLECTION EQUIPMENT Table 7.1 Proposed Vehicle Equipment for the Operations

Type of Unit
Compactor Truck Compactor Truck Compactor Truck Compactor Truck Dump Truck Dump Truck

Plate no.

Model/ Year acquired
HINO/1993 HINO /1998 Mitsubishi /1993

No . Of U nit s
4

Vehicle capacity

Trips/ Day Per Unit
4

Total Daily CAP. Conditio (Ton n s)
77 Running condition Nonoperation for repair Converted to dump truck Operating Nonoperational Scrap Running condition Running condition

Cu. m.

Tons

9C-494 9C-495 9C-496 9c- 651 9C-688 9C-498

8

4.8

1 1

8 5

4.8 3

4 4

(19) 12

PBK900 HINO/1993 9C-499 9C-500 9C-191 9C-269 HINO/1993 Nissan 1998 TOTAL

(1) 2 2 10

5 8 8

3 2.8 2.8

4 4 4

Zero 22 22 153

ICSWM System Plan Additional three (3) Compactor Truck 3 8 4.8 4 86

Source of Data: Public Services Division (PSD) - August 30, 2005

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

71

7.3 SEGREGATION PLAN

1. AT THE HOUSEHOLD BARANGAY LEVEL:  Review and proposed an accord ordinance related on segregation of Solid Waste at Household level POLICY: Based on Section 1 of Rule VIII & Rule IX of R.A. 9003 DAOImplementing Rules & Regulation, Household owners shall be responsible in segregating and keeping their sorted wastes in the containers prior to the arrival of garbage collector. For the Iligan City Solid Waste Management System, the plan to segregate of the different types of solid waste shall be implemented, practiced and regularly observed at source.  The Solid Waste shall be store in a segregated container, receptacle or stock with properly mark as “Biodegradable”, “Recyclable” or “Special Waste” separately at designated area for-on site collection. Classify the receptacle with color cords for convenience to identify prior its collection by the garbage collection;
GREEN FOR COMPOSTABLE YELLOW FOR RECYCLABLE BLACK FOR RESIDUAL WASTE AND SPECIAL WASTE (non-infectious)

 Institutionalization of Policy: 1. “ No Segregation – No Collection” Policy 2. Fines / penalty and measure take effect the implementation to segregate at source in the household Barangay level and mobilization of the Purok leaders for monitoring. 3. Installation and establishment of Barangay MRF participation 4. Ordinance to handle Special / hazardous waste  Review and proposed an accord Local Ordinance on the manner of collection schedule services. - Compostable – Daily - Recyclable - 2 days (T -TH)

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

72

-

Residuals - 1 day (Sunday) Special/ hazardous Waste - 1 day (Sunday)

2. AT THE MARKET / INSTITUTION / COMMERCIAL LEVEL: POLICY: Based on Section 1 of Rule VIII & Rule IX of R.A. 9003 DAOImplementing Rules & Regulation, Market, Commercial establishment and Institutional personnel shall be responsible in segregating and keeping their sorted wastes in the containers prior to the arrival of garbage collector. For the Iligan City Solid Waste Management System, the plan to segregate of the different types of solid waste shall be implemented, practiced and regularly observed at source.  The Solid Waste shall be store in a segregated container, receptacle or stock with properly mark as “Compostable”, “Recyclable” or “Special Waste” separately at designated area for-on site collection. Classify the receptacle with color cords for convenience to identify prior its collection by the garbage collection;
GREEN FOR COMPOSTABLE YELLOW FOR RECYCLABLE BLACK FOR RESIDUAL AND SPECIAL WASTE (non-infectious).

 Review and proposed an accord ordinance related on segregation of Solid Waste at the market, institution, commercial; 1. “No Segregation – No Collection” 2. Fines / penalty and measure take effect the implementation to segregate at Source 3. Installation and establishment of Barangay MRF participation  Review and proposed an accord Local Ordinance on the manner of collection schedule services. Future garbage collection program will involve daily collection of biodegradable waste and a two times a week collection of nonbiodegradable waste, using color coded trucks. - Compostable - Recyclable - Residuals - Special/ hazardous Waste – Daily - 2 days (T -TH) - 1 day (Sunday) - 1 day (Sunday)

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

73

3. AT THE HOSPITAL / INDUSTRIES LEVEL: General wastes from hospitals and other health care establishment are treated as ordinary waste, while medical waste are treated as a special and hazardous waste which will be handled by the Special and Hazardous waste Facility of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility (see Annex: Special & Hazardous Waste Facility for details). The household wastes coming from factories shall be processed at the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility, while the hazardous industrial waste shall be handled by the concerned factory in a special waste management area within their premises or properties in accordance with the requirements of the Environmental Impact System (EIS) imposed by the DENR. The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Facility also addresses the Health Care Waste (HCW) coming from Hospitals in the City and including household’s hazardous waste. The solid waste from hospitals and other health care establishments are classified and coded as follows (Source: DOH Health Care Waste Management Manual, 2004): *CATEGORIES OF HEALTH CARE WASTE (HCW); 1. General Waste- Comparable to domestic waste, this type of waste does not pose special handling problem of hazard to human health or to the environment. It comes mostly from the administrative and housekeeping functions of health care establishments and may also include waste generated during maintenance of health care premises. General waste should be dealt with by the municipal waste disposal system. (Color coding of containers: Green) 2. Infectious Waste- This type of waste is suspected to contain pathogens (bacteria, viruses, or fungi) in sufficient concentration or quantity to cause disease insusceptible host. (Color coding of container: yellow) 3. Pathological Waste- Pathological waste consists of tissues, organs, body parts, human fetus and animal carcasses, blood and body fluids. Within this

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

74

category, recognizable hu man or animal body parts are also called anatomical waste. This category should be consider as a subcategory of infectious waste, even though it may also include healthy body parts. (Color coding of container: yellow) 4. Sharps- Include needles, syringes, scalpels, saws, blades, broken glass, infusion sets, knives, nails and any other items that can cause a cut or puncture wounds. Whether or not they infected, such items are usually considered as highly hazardous health care waste. (Container: puncture proof) 5. Pharmaceutical waste- Includes expired, unused, spilt, and contaminated pharmaceutical products, drugs, vaccines, and sera that are no longer required and need to be disposed of appropriately. This category also includes discarded items used in handling of such as bottles or boxes with residues, gloves, and masks, connecting tubing and drug vials. (Color coding of container: yellow) 6. Genotoxic Waste- Genotoxic waste may include certain cytostatic drugs, vomit, urine, or feces from patients treated with cytostatic drugs, chemicals, and radioactive materials. This type of waste is highly hazardous and may have mutagenic, teratogenic, or carcinogenic properties. (Color coding of container: orange) 7. Chemical Waste- Chemical waste consists of discarded solid, liquid, and gaseous chemical, for example from diagnostic and experimental work and from cleaning, housekeeping, and disinfecting procedures. Chemical waste from health care may be hazardous or non-hazardous. (Color coding of container: yellow with black band) 8. Waste with high content of heavy metals- Wastes with a high heavy-metal content represent a subcategory of hazardous chemical waste, and are usually highly toxic. Mercury wastes are typically generated by spillage from broken clinical equipment (thermometers, blood pressure gauges, etc.) Whenever possible, spilled drops of mercury should be recovered. Residues from dentistry have high mercury content. Cadmium waste comes mainly from discarded batteries. Certain “reinforced wood panels” containing lead is still being used in radiation proofing of X-ray and diagnostic department. A number of drugs contain
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

75

arsenic but these are treated here as pharmaceutical waste. (Color coding of container: yellow with black band) 9. Pressurized Containers- Many types of gas are used in health care and are often stored in pressurized cylinders, cartridges, and aerosol cans. Many of these, once empty or of no further use (although they may still contain residues), are reusable, but certain types notably aerosol cans, must be disposed of Whether inert or potentially harmful; gases in pressurized containers should always be handled with care; containers may explode if incinerated or accidentally punctured. (Color coding of container: red) 10. Radioactive Waste- Includes disused scaled radiation sources, liquid and gaseous materials contaminated with radioactivity. Excreta of patients who underwent radio-nuclide diagnostic and therapeutic applications, paper cups, straw, needles and syringes, test tubes, and tap water washing of such paraphernalia. It is produced as a result of procedures such as in vitro analysis of body tissues and fluids, in vivo organ imaging, tumor localization and treatment, and various clinical studies involving the use of radioisotopes. Radioactive health care wastes generally contain radionuclides with short half-lives, which lose their activity in a shorter time. However, certain radionuclides e.g C-14 contaminated wastes have much longer half-life, more than a thousand years, which need to be specially managed in a centralized treatment facility for radio actives wastes. The same is required for the management of disused sealed radiation sources used for cancer treatment. (Color coding of container: orange) *Hospital & Health Care Waste Establishment Management Plan: The city shall construct a Special and Hazardous Waste Facility that shall have the following facilities: autoclave building, concrete lined vault, and concrete line burial pit. *Concept of the Proposed Special and Hazardous Waste Facility; 1. Hospitals and other such types of medical and health establishments shall have the option to rent from the city a 10 x 10 meters plot to construct their own

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

76

burial pit instead of at their premises. The City shall fence and secure the area, as well as maintain the drainage and other ancillary facilities in the area. 2. Other small health care facilities in the city could use the concrete lined vault and burial pit operated by the city for a certain fee to be established by City Ordinance. 3. The hospitals could also use the auto clave facility also operated by the city to Disinfect the Health Care Waste (HCW). 4. The basic steps in health care waste management handling shall adopt the procedures in the DOH Health Care Waste Management Manual (2004) (as shown in Annex 4. Basic Steps in the Health Care Waste Handling – Figure 1 of the DOH Manual: Feasibility Studies SWM) except that the special and hazardous waste shall be disposed of by encapsulation in concrete vault / burial pit instead of the sanitary land fill. 5. All hazardous waste from the household, markets, commercial and institutional sources shall be handled by the Special and Hazardous Waste Facility in the same manner for the Health Care Waste. 6. The rental fee for the autoclave, burial pits and concrete vaults, and open space plots shall be determined by the City, which shall be sufficient to have a return for the operation and maintenance of the said facility.

7.4 RECYCLING / COMPOSTING PLAN

The current existence of continues recycling activity component and implementation have great role on solid waste minimization in accordance to divert waste as mandated in Section 20 of the Act and Section 7 Rule VII of the DAO- IRR of R.A 9003. The recycling component describe in PRMDP: SWM – Master Plan notified its level of recycling efforts: 1. Potential revenue from recyclable/ recovered materials such as Bottles, Paper, Tin, Aluminum, Plastic, Copper and other items specified.
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

77

2. Shows potential benefits. Conserve resources Reduces volume of waste that prolongs life span of final disposal.

3. Market improvement of the conditions for recycling saleable materials are listed in the new price list of Recycled items. 4. Livelihood and marketing activities for the production of Recyclable item in Barangay Maria Chritina Table 7.2 Present Prices of Recyclables Waste Materials As of February 08, 2006
Item 1) Garapa (round)  115 ml  30 ml  60 ml  120 ml 2) Garapa (flat)  25 ml  30 ml Unit Price Buying Price P 0.10 0.25 0.20 0.10 0.75/3 for 2.00 0.75/3 for 2.00 0.25 0.10 3 for 1.00 0.50 0.50 0.20 1.00 0.75 3 for 1.00 3 for 1.00 1.00 1.50 3.00 0.40 2.00 Selling Price (Locally) P 0.25 0.40 0.40 0.20 0.90 0.90 0.50 0.25 0.60 0.60 0.70 0.30 1.40 0.90 0.50 0.50 1.30 2.00 3.50 0.50 3.00

-

pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. pc. kg. (Bundle)

 50 ml  120 ml 3) Bottle  Lapad (Jr.)  Lapad (Sr.)  Gin Toyo  Ketchup & Emperador Lapad  Fighter  Tanduay (Long Neck)  Emperador Long Neck  Pepsi 8/12 oz.  Coke 8/12 oz.  Litro Pepsi  Litro Coke  Kulafo 4) Others  Cartoon

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan
kg. kg. kg. kg. kg. kg. kg. kg. kg. kg. 0.50 1.00 11.00 5.00 100.00 50.00 30.00 60.00 5.00 3.00 40.00 1.50 1.50 15.00 6.00 105.00 60.00 40.00 100.00 8.00 6.00 50.00

78

          

Paper assorted Can Plastic & Pet Bottle Cap Copper Wire Aluminum Cali Brass Steel (solid) Steel (light) Stainless Steel

SOURCE: ICSWMB SURVEY, CPDO, PERMITS

COMPOSTING MATERIALS: Organic compost will undergone a biological process called aerobic decomposition whereby microorganism feed on waste and converted it into humus or compost. The raw materials for composting include: 1) Yard Waste, 2) Separated or commingled Municipal Solid Waste-MSW, 3) Animal waste mixed with carbonaceous waste such as garbage and crop/yard before composting. The compost can be used as soil conditioner and/or soil fertilizer depending on its quality upgrading process. The bio-waste undergoes a controlled decomposition process in windrows or in rotary composting bins, which takes 7 to 21 days processing time on a properly mixed biomass, moisture, and air. Curing phase is at least one week or 15 days. MARKETING of Compost: The target markets of organic compost are the farmers cooperative for agricultural land use productivity. The plan is to encourage, demonstrating, recommend the farmers to use available organic compost at very low cost and qualified quantity. Table 7.3 Target Market Identified For Organic Compost Fertilizer
SUMMARY OF MARKET SURVEY: USE OF ORGANIC SOIL ENHANCERS (OSE) Location : Iligan City Date of Survey: Jul-07,2007 Iligan City Solid Waste Management Survey Conducted by : Board Staff Ms. Alice Supervised by: Coronado

No.

BARANGAY

NAME

AREA PLANTED (has.)

KGS / HAC. 28.571 429

1

MANDULOG

JOSEFINA ARCEGA

1.75

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

79

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG MANDULOG KABACSANAN KABACSANAN KABACSANAN KABACSANAN KABACSANAN HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG CABACSANAN CABACSANAN CABACSANAN CABACSANAN MAINIT

ROMEO AGNE MYLENE GADAPAN ALEJANDRO GABONADA RENALDO TANJAY LAURA GABISAY JIMMY PACANA NESTOR SELIM OSCAR, SOCORIN DOMINGO SOCORIN TEOFILO MANGCAS LORNA GABISAY NANCY BANTILAO ROMULO, GABONABA CAMILO BONTILAO UYU, SALBO ELIZABETH SURVILLA NIDA CUARESMA EMILYN PANADERA FLORITA N. LOPEZ JOLITA ARSEGA ELPEDIA TAPING ARESTON GABONADA REYNAN COLLANTES CIRIO COLLANTES EVA TUMARO JULIETA YAMARO SARLIGO ORONG SONNY COLLANTES ESPITUDION MONSANTO MARCELO M. DULOG ENGELINE SOSOSCO MIGRIÑO LUZVIMINDA JOELPASCO MIGRIÑO GINA DALIGDIG FRANCISCO

1 3.5 0.5 0.04 200 0.04 2 1 1 1 1 0.5 1 0.25 0.5 0.25 2 1 0.25 0.025 0.02 3 2 2 0.5 1.5 0.5
BANANA

50 14.285 714 10 625 0.125 250 50 50 50 50 50 2 50 400 100 40 25 50 20 160 1250 1.6666 667 75 125 100 166.66 667 400 2 12.5 25 50 25 100 7 4.4444 444

4 2 1 2 0.5 1 22.5

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

80

38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64

CABACSANAN CABACSANAN CABACSANAN UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO UPPER TOMINOBO TONGO BURUUN TONGO BURUUN TONGO BURUUN PRK 14 BURUUN PRK 14 BURUUN PRK 14 BURUUN TONGGO BURUUN TONGGO BURUUN TONGGO BURUUN TONGGO BURUUN TONGGO

NELITO COLANTES ROSALITO MIGRIÑ0 CAESAR TALINGTING ALFONSO SABAYTON ROGELIO SABAYTON NARCISO GENELASO IGLESERIO IMPUESTO ELPIDIO GENELASO NOE BOTELLA TEOFILO BACLAAN CELIA QUINAL JOSE GENELASO EXELSA SALUD FLORAMIE GENELASO ELDELITO TECSON ANNIE CRIS COMENDADOR MOISES MADULA NESTOR HIOKO LAUDIA HIOKO CHIO MA. JUANA MA. CLARA PARDILLO GENOVIVA TORRES MAURICIA NADAYAG VICTORIA NATINGA FLORDELINA DE LA CRUZ PABLITA PILLAZAR FLORENDA

1.5 2 2 3.5 12 5 1.5 6.5 0.75 2.5 1.5 2 2 2 2 1 3 0.25 7 0.5 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.25 0.25 0.02

33.333 333 25 75 28.571 429 8.3333 333 20 100 7.6923 077 66.666 667 20 6.6666 667 25 50 25 25 50 16.666 667 200 7.1428 571 100 16 200 4 4 16 20 500

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

81

65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94

BURUUN HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG HINDANG DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN BONBONON BONBONON BONBONON BONBONON BONBONON DIGKILAAN

CUPANG LARAY CARACOL DANILO M. BAGARES NESTOR M. DUROG JULY DELATADO EDGAR BAGARES ROSITA BO BOTANAS MERABEL BOTANAS MAREILYN MONBATO FRANKLIN COLONARES CEZAR TINGAS ROLANDO LIGUTOM JUVY DIO BONIFACIO BUTANAS ANAVEL DILATADO MARLITA CASTRO LUNGTOD HELEN ANNIE MANGILINAN ROSA VILLA DELOS ANGELES JESSICA ALJAS DIONESON SIARZA MELALONA ABORIN LIBRADO ESTOBAR MARIBETH ABARO PITZEL ABARO EREGERO MODESTO MONTUERTO OMAR PANINDIGAN MACADAYA MANGOTARA ROLANDOFLORES EMMA JEISONE VIRGO PETAGARA

4 10 2 1 9 4 3 7 9 10 3 0.5 2.5 0.25 1 0.5 0.25 2 1 1 2 10 3 1 3 1 1 29 1 1

12.5 5 50.5 100 16.666 667 37.5 33.333 333 14.285 714 22.222 222 25 33.333 333 100 20 200 150 1000 200 10 500 500 250 1 166.66 667 250 16.666 667 50 50 3.4482 759 100 50

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

82

95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125

DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN DIGKILAAN BONBONON BONBONON DIGKILAAN BONBONON BONBONON DIGKILAAN PUGA-AN PUGA-AN PUGA-AN PUGA-AN PUGA-AN MANUANG TUBOD UPPER HINAPLANON BAYUG BAYUG BAYUG BAYUG HINDANG VILLAVERDE PUGAAN DALIPUGA MAPALAD DALIPUGA MAPALAD DALIPUGA MAPALAD DALIPUGA MAPALAD DALIPUGA MAPALAD DALIPUGA MAPALAD DALIPUGA MAPALAD

ERNESTO CALUNOD RITA LORIA RICARTE GABRIEL ROBERTO GABRIEL JOSEPHINE PACALDA AMIM MANGOTARA PAUL TOCALO SANDIX MANGOTARA VICENTE BAGAMASPAD MARCELA FLORES CONRADO AREJOLA JOVENO SAGRADO SR. KAG. MATIAS BONTILAO CONCHITA MOJADO ROMEO NATIVIDAD RANZEL DELA CALZADA RESTITUTO SELLAR ARCELI ANDOS GENOVIVA VALLANCA JULIEANN LACUNA ARLYN GONZAGA DANILO BAGARES LQ NADORRA CARLOS GULTIA EXPEDITA SAMSON PATRICIA FAJARDO LITO JARIOLME FERNANDO OHAY PEDRITO SEMBLANTE NESTOR QUIBE BENJAMEN RATERTA

1 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 2 2 3 3 3 0.07 3.5 4 3 4.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.25 0.25 3 COCONUT CORN 1 4 0.01 1 1 4 2

50 400 400 400 4 20 50 800 83.333 333 33.333 333 100 142.85 714 14.285 714 12.5 33.333 333 73.170 732 600 100 8 400 200 100 5 2 50 125 500 50 50 12.5 25

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

83

126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150

DALIPUGA MAPALAD ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO BUNAWAN BUNAWAN BUNAWAN BUNAWAN BUNAWAN BUNAWAN BUNAWAN BUNAWAN ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO ABUNO PUGAAN

CRISTOBAL DALIGDIG ROGELIO PESALVER CECILIA LAGUNA LILITA HINUDIALA LEOPOLDO PUEBLA ELMA MANATAD ELMER JURIZA HERLINDA GUTIERREZ SIEGFRED MAGDALAN CHARITO VELASQUEZ EMERITA JUEVESANO DEOGENES ALVARICO PORFERIA MINGO PORFERIO GOMEZ REY APALLA MAXIMO CAPANGPANGAN ESTEBAN BEGONDO MAGDALENA CAMACHO HELEN CAMORO JUDITH CAMACHO JOSELITO PISALVER VIOLITO ATUEL FERNANDO AGUSTIN JERRY ALINSUNORIN SERVANDO ASIENDENTE

1.5 4 2.5 1 2 1.5 0.5 2 3 2 0.5 1 2 5 0.25 0.25 4 4 0.25 3 0.5 4 1 1 0.25 650.30(ha s.)

16.666 667 12.5 20 50 25 300 300 150 100 150 600 300 25 10 120 200 2.5 125 120 100 200 75 100 50 40 18234. 44 KGS / HAC.

Total

Average (kgs. Per Hec./day) Count Estimated MT Per Day

122.37877 149 1242.1445 MT

44,668 kg/yr/hec 453,382,737.8 kg/yr

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

84

Hectares

10150.00

Descriptive Statistics: 122.3787672 Mean 15.48743901 Standard Error 50 Median 50 Mode Standard 189.0482856 Deviation Sample 35739.2543 Variance 11.91470782 Kurtosis 3.092245087 Skewness 1249.875 Range 0.125 Minimum 1250 Maximum 18234.43632 Sum 149 Count Confidence 25.63503236 Level(90.0%)

Kgs Org. Fertilizer/ Hec 44,668 kg/yr/hec.

:

SUMMARY CMRCF Supply Possible Demand 16,083,360 kg/yr 453,382,737.8 kg/yr S<D OSE Total Estimated D FEASIBLE Percentage% 218 79.8 Products IF100% will use OSE

ITEM NO. RESPONDENT WILLING TO BUY & USE OF COMPOST YES NO NONE ANSWER TOTAL AREA TOTAL COMPOST NEEDED(kgs) KLS/HEC

Remarks

174 20 24 650.30 18,089.00 18,234.44 (6,655,569.255 kg/yr)

9.2 11

If 9.2% YES then S>D therefore insignificant

Plan to upgrade & encourage to use OSE

***Source: ICSWMB-Staff, Agriculture Office,CEMO: Alice Coronado/ Engr. A. Quidlat See Annex 5 Market Survey Study for Detailed

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 7.5 Diversion Plan of Waste

85

The Iligan City Solid Waste Management Plan is to establish MRF for each Barangay for the diversion of waste to collect recyclable/recoverable material and biodegradable waste at source. The BMRF will also process and collect the excess segregated waste from the barangay generation to maintain Eighty tons or lesser for the operation of central MRCF at BRGY. Bonbonon. The assistance of LGU will be provided to the Pilot Barangay Recycling / Composting Facility at Brgy. Del Carmen and support other constituents who are undertaking participatory activity in the establishment of Barangay MRF. Promoting and strengthening sales and market of recyclable from BMRF would probably reduce by 25% of waste flow from final disposal. *The marketing of the Barangay MRF products shall principle by the responsibility of each Barangay since the operation of the MRF is under their control however, the City through the marketing staff shall assist the Barangay with their products as follows: 1. Networking with other LGU ‘s and big buyer of compost and recyclables 2. Arrange for marketing summits, and fairs to bring the buyers and Barangay together. 3. Arrange for the use of the City of some Barangay MRF outputs if the City requirements cannot be met by the City Material Recovery and Composting facility. 4. Provide seminars, lectures and other marketing and administrative support. 5. Arrange for a bulk purchase of all products of the Barangays under a common brand name and advertisement of Barangay MRF products together with that of the CMRCF.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

86

7.6 DISPOSAL SYSTEM The selected MRF site in Barangay Bonbonon is at least 7.5 kilometers from the City proper and is accessible by land through two incoming routes, which will take a car, at least 20 minutes drive. The 122,271 square meters proposed CMRCF new disposal site would utilize 5 hectares processing facility. The project plan will direct and solve the current garbage disposal problem of almost filled-up open dumping at Barangay Santiago area, through the combined technologies in waste recovery, recycling, composting and safe keeping Facilities of special/ hazardous waste generated from stationary source. • CENTRAL MATERIAL RECOVERY AND COMPOSTING FACILITY (New facilities) *Facilities and Utilities: The Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall be equipped with sufficient facilities and amenities to handle the MSW generated by the City. These facilities and their brief description are as follows: Description of Design Facility* 1. Fencing, Gates and Guardhouses of the entire 12.227 hectare area; and a secondary fencing of the 5 hectare City Material Recovery and Composting Facility area.- This is to prevent entry of unauthorized persons scavengers, and stray animals into the facility to avoid accidents and harm as required by RA 9003. 2. Administration Building to house the Public Services Division, and the Management staff- This building shall be equipped with modern communications facilities, computers, and other ordinary office facilities, as well as a cafeteria to handled the requirement of all the personnel of the City Material Recovery and Composting Facility, and others on a 24/7 basis. 3. Products Center- This shall be used for the training of workers for recycling of solid waste items, as well as display area for all the products. The products center shall also be used for presentation, entertainment area for visitors and guests from all over the country once the facility is on operational.

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

87

4. Agri Demo Garden- This is basically an agricultural farm wherein the compost is used to demonstrate its efficacy. This shall also be a training farm for farmers and gardening enthusiasts in the use of compost and soil enhancers. 5. Material Recovery Facility- This facility is to segregate the mixed waste and prepare them for composting. It is equipped with a ramp, hoppers, conveyor system, hammer mills, rotary screen, and others. This is the heart and center of the whole City Material Recovery and Composting Facility operations. In this area, the solid waste is processed for composting, recycling, and disposal. 6. Aerated Static Pile Composting Bins – These are static pile composting bins with forced aeration system to hasten composting. It has concrete flooring and hollow block walls, with screw conveyors to evenly distribute the solid waste. It has open ends to allow for the withdrawal of compost after about 30 days period, manually or by a small pay loader. 7. Rotary In Vessel Composting - These are electrically powered rotary in vessel composting drums that are used to compost smelly biodegradable. The composting can be done in 3 to 5 days due to the very efficient system, and high temperature. This is made of stainless steel to reduced corrosion due to the action of the composting solid waste. Hammer milled solid waste mixed with carbon amendments and inoculants are feed into this rotary in vessel composters through an opening or window. 8. Motor Pool and Carpentry Shop- In this area the garbage trunks and other heavy equipment are repaired and maintained. Major repair works shall be bidded out to qualified repair shops in the city. This is equipped with necessary tools and equipment for the maintenance of all the collection fleet of PSD. In front of this area also shall be a parking area for all the heavy equipment of PSD. The carpentry shop also handles all the carpentry works, and fabrication of signage, markers, and the like. 9. Agri Nursery- A nursery area for the entire seedling for the agri demo garden. High yielding crops are initially grown in this area to be planted in the demo garden within the facility, or in leased area nearby. 10. Residuals management area-In this area the residual are processed and stored. Some residuals are encapsulated, others turned into bricks and hollow blocks, while others are simply baled for future use. Residuals shall be milled to small sizes and
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

88

then mixed with concrete for footpaths and other non-load bearing projects of the City. This area shall be off limits to the general public except with special permission from the Public Services Division management. In this facility, the residuals are thoroughly processed to remove all biodegradable wastes that could cause leach ate. The area shall be protected from surface water / run-off, and the drainage well planned to divert any such surface water run-off. Several concrete lined burial pits or vaults shall be constructed to receive the baled residuals These shall be temporarily roofed with canvass sheets, and once filled shall be poured with solid concrete on top to entomb or encapsulate the baled residuals, and thus prevent the development of leach ate. 11. Special and Hazardous Facility- This facility shall process all the medical waste and special waste from domestic waste. The guidelines followed in the handling. Storage and transport of this waste is in line with the DOH Health Care Waste Management Manual, 2004. At the facility, there shall be an autoclave to sterilize and disinfects medical waste prior to placement either at the concrete vault or in the burial pit. Small health care establishment can use this facility for disposal of their medical waste for a minimal rental fee. Big hospitals could also construct their own burial pits by renting plots within the facility. The Special and Hazardous Facility shall be fenced off, and guarded to limit access to said facility. 12. Butterfly farm-This is an area where butterfly are propagated for possible income generating purpose. Various plants and trees using compost products are grown to help the butterfly grow normally in a natural environment. Visitors to the City Material Recovery and Composting Facility can visit this farm which is just within the 12 hectare area. This farm can attract students, visitors, entomologist and the public at large to visit the City Material Recovery and Composting Facility. 13. Water System- This shall provide all the potable drinking requirements of the City Material Recovery and Composting Facility and the Public Services Division personnel. An overhead water tank shall provide sourced out from a drilled well in the spring area. The water supply system shall also supply the requirements of the wash rack for the collection fleet.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

89

14.Electrical System- The electrical System shall come from ILPI supply line (3 Phase) for the requirements of the facility. 15. Access Roads- The main access road shall be from Sitio Barinaut to Bonbonon, with an alternate rout via the Pryce Properties Cemetery area, and some cases via Barangay Kiwalan. These access roads shall be developed, widened, and graded to improve its gradient. Drainage canal shall be installed in strategic location of the road, and a street lighting system shall be installed to illuminate the access road going into the site. 16. Monitoring wells- Down groundwater gradient from the residuals storage area, a monitoring well system shall be installed to monitor the presence of contaminants in the ground water. Ground water samples from the uppermost aquifers shall be obtained from the sampling wells every 3 months and tested in the laboratory for any contamination. One (1) monitoring well shall be constructed down groundwater gradient from the residuals management area.(50 m away), and one (1) monitoring well located up gradient and beyond the effect of the leach ate for background groundwater quality data. A hydrological study of the residuals management area shall be conducted to determined the groundwater gradient in order to properly plan the location and depth of the monitoring well. 17. Interceptor canal- A drainage system around the perimeter of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall be installed to prevent the entry of surface water into the facility, and thus, reduce or eliminate the amount of leach ate generated. 18. Roads and Truck Washing Facilities- The roads in the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall be concreted, while some portions shall have ordinary all weather gravel road. A wash rack shall be constructed for washing of the garbage trucks after it has delivered its load into the receiving hopper. This is for sanitation purposes, as well as to avoid complaints from residences along the access road to the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility. 19. Toilets and Shower Facilities- The Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall be equipped with toilets and shower facilities to enable the workers to bath after work, and before going home to their families. This is to avoid
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

90

spreading to family members any diseases or bacteria obtained from working with solid waste in the facility.  DISPOSAL CAPACITY *The processing center will be handling 80 tons MSW: The projected volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) of the City is 125 ton per day (at 0.69 kg. per capita and at 8 5 % collection efficiency, assumed % Reduction). Eighty tons (80 tpd) shall be processed by the CMRCF (see Table 3.6) while the remainder of 45 tons shall be handle by the Barangays who are mandated by R.A. 9003 to also set up their own individual Material Recovery Facility. An active waste segregation program shall also be instituted immediately in order to reduce the volumes expected for processing.  LIFESPAN*: This site can solve the garbage problems for the next 50 years.  Acceptable Technology*(Technical Aspect): A. Projects Highlights* The City of Iligan under the administration of Hon. Lawrence L. Cruz has accelerated the implementation of the solid waste management program that will solve the MSW problem of the city in accordance with R.A. 9003 or known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (ESWM). The projected volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) of the City is 125 ton per day (at 0.69 kg. per capita and at 0.85 % collection efficiency of Table 3.6) Eighty tons (80 tpd) shall be processed by the CMRCF while the remainder of 45 tons shall be handled by the Barangays who are mandated by R.A. 9003 to also set up their own individual Material Recovery Facility. An active waste segregation program shall also be instituted immediately in order to reduce the volumes expected for processing. The residual wastes from the Barangay MRF shall be handled by the CMRCF, including any excess solid waste volume they could not process, as well as the processing and storage of biodegradable (if they will decide to limit their MRF operation to only
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

91

sorting and recycling of non biodegradable solid waste) (See Figure 7.1a – Schematic Diagram of the Iligan City Iligan City Solid Waste Management System). This scheme is adopted because of the possibility that the Barangays may not have the financial capability to construct. Operate and maintain a full-blown Barangay Material Recovery Facility with segregation, shredding, and composting ability. Many Barangays in fact has already indicated that they prefer a scaled down MRF that will handled only segregation, especially, the selling of recyclables- since this has immediate income generating possibilities. Thus, this proposed system is design to be fully capable of absorbing all solid waste inputs expected from the Barangay. The City government will obtain funds for the immediate capital investment required to set up this facility by obtaining a loan from the Environmental Solid Waste Fund of the Development Bank of the Philippines, or other financing institutions. As briefly mentioned above, the City government shall bid out, in accordance with R.A. 9184 (or the Government Procurement Reform Act), the MRCF equipment supply and the management (designated as the Facility Manager) of the facility for 3 to 5 years utilizing a fixed working capital set up at the beginning of the project. The City shall shoulder the cost of payroll, power and other inputs while the facility Manager will absorb the cost of the solid inoculants inputs to enhance the marketability of the organic compost fertilizer produced. The Facility Manager / equipment supplier will not be paid a management fee but instead a profit share of up to 40%. In addition, the Facility Manager will be entitled to the equivalent of 70% of the organic compost fertilizer produced from the CMRCF to recover its investment for the cost of solid inoculants composting inputs. The 15 year Cast Projection (Table 11.4) indicates the projects strong financial capability to pay the investment cost and sustain the solid waste operations for the city. It will be the major responsibility of the designated Facility Manager to operate the CMRCF without continuously asking operating funds from the City government, but to
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

92

operate the CMRCF on its own sustainable resources earlier than the contracted fiveyear period. This project is expected to be a model CMRCF project that can motivate the City of Iligan community and environ LGUs to become involved in the effective implementation of the solid waste management act. The program envisions the establishment and operation of a factory approach to an organic compost fertilizer plant using biodegradable garbage as raw material input, with recyclables as by- products. B. Production Program* Solid Waste shall be brought in by the City collector’s truck (using the existing10 truck, which shall be reconditioned, and 3 brand new 8 CM capacity trucks under the PSD). Presumed volume for initial processing will be 80 tons per day with an average waste character of 68% biodegradable waste and 32% non-biodegradable waste. If the waste character changes, the equipment system has the flexibility to adapt to the volume changes through a simple re-assignment of workers to where the volume has had increases. The process flow within the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility for 80 tpd is described below (Refer to Figure 11.1 Process Flow Diagram and Mass Balance for the City Material Recovery and Composting Facility): 1. Garbage Trucks backing up through a Ramp Riser are brought in and dumped to a 5 tons load Receiving Hopper. There is a need to establish a sequential and schedule collector truck arrival in order that down time and traffic movements can be controlled. Power sprayers with enzymes to eliminate or reduce odor could be used at this point on the MSW especially for the unbagged garbage. 2. The pathogenic or toxic (batteries, aerosol cans, paint cans, oils, etc.) heavy or large materials are hand picked out of the Hopper and placed in the Recyclable Trolleys.
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

93

3. Garbage in bags passes through two (2) persons who undertake manual bag breaking or slitting of the bags/sacks. Other materials move through a Mechanical Conveyor that feeds into a Trommel Screener. 4. The Trommel Screener removes small particles of waste like candy wrappers, small fruits and maggots. It also loosens up the garbage to make them available for easy manual sorting when they pass through the conveyor station. 5. Screened materials move into a 4-way conveyor sort station manned by sorter / pickers / classifiers. 6. 1st pass conveyor removes biodegradable waste and this is selected, picked and thrown into an feed Conveyor moving into the Hammer mill / Shredder. 7. At this station, the Solid Inoculants is sprinkled to the bio-waste for faster decomposition, odor control, and amendment to increased the carbon content and absorptive properties of the organic compost fertilizer being produced. 8. 2nd pass Conveyor removes primarily plastic waste. 9. 3rd pass conveyor removes metal, glass, paper, and rubber. 10. 4th pass Conveyor removes toxic or non-recyclable objects. 11. The conveyor brings unsorted materials backs into position 1st pass conveyor and onand-on until the sorting and classification of materials is satisfactorily completed. 12. In the entire receiving, conveying and sorting process, there will be no leach ate experienced. Water drips from wet garbage or out of hammer milling will be eliminated as soon as Screw Conveyor which distributes the Facility Manager Carbon amendment attaches to the wet raw material. All other periphery canals to totally avoid any liquid flow out of the CMRCF. 13. Biodegradable waste is hammer milled, and the output conveyed into either Rotary Composter Drums (5-day early composting specially for odorous waste) and Static Aerated Pile Greenhouse type Composter Bins 30 day composting). 14. The output organic compost fertilizer is allowed to mature after harvest for 45 days, screened and packed in bags for farming use or commercial sale. 15. The non-biodegradable are further sorted, classified, washed, pressed, etc. these are then baled, crushed, compacted, ready for sale to junk shop operators.
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

94

16. Non-toxic “residual waste” ordinarily destined for land filling are brought to a heavy duty crushing machine and flaked. The flakes are used as at least 50% mixture together and in lieu of sand and are converted into concrete bricks, pavement stones, or any other formed cement structure, using mixers and concrete molds. These output materials are ideal for beautification programs in parks, bangketas, drainage canals, fencing, dividers, etc. 17. Remaining materials such as toxic are the only garbage materials that are baled and compacted and either neatly stockpiled or brought to the non-organic residuals storage facility or further processing. (Note: This CMRCF site will not have any land filling activity. If at all, a concrete lined landfill for toxic and hazardous waste materials, at minimal expense and maintenance cost using the encapsulation technology shall be constructed. The lined excavation will be covered and from rainfall.) 18. Organic compost fertilizers are utilized for organic farming. They can be upgraded with chicken manure to make them commercial grade for marketing. The compost formulation can be used in rice, corn, sugar cane fruits trees, flower, vegetable farms and even fish farms. C. Manpower Complement* For the 80 tons per day volume, the project will provide direct employment to a total of 97 personnel working into two-8 hour shift per day, 365 days of the year. Some workers are involved in concrete brick production, maintenance, utility and security services, and administrative staff. The personnel complement for the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility will include the following:

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

95

Table 7.4 Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility Personnel Complement MRF operations Concrete bricks operation Maintenance / Electrician Security Drivers and Helpers Total Direct Workers Administration and Accounting Supervision and Facility Management Total Direct Personnel 62 12 6 3 3 86 6 5 97

In order to avoid displacement of existing scavenger workers, the Facility Manager shall train and employ workers all to come from the city, except the management and supervisory and technical staff. The workers are to be paid at not less than the legal minimum wage rates. They are also provided with employee benefits including uniforms (three uniforms per year) and safety devices, and shall be covered with Social Security and medical care benefits. The total personnel requirement for the entire facility includes those from the existing collection services of PSD, the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility as mentioned above, the agri demo garden, the butterfly farm, the residuals management area, products center, motor pool, security, maintenance personnel, cafeteria, and the administrative staff. The actual requirement is seasonal as it increases or decreases depending upon the actual requirement during particular periods. This however will be handled by the hiring of casuals, as is the current practice in the City. The existing and estimated personnel requirement is as shown in Table 9.2 Tabulation of Existing and Proposed PSD Personnel with the Operation of the Material Recovery and Composting Facility. Part of the program will be introducing other forms of livelihood that will improve the living conditions of the worker families.

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

96

 SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN * Land Site Requirements On the site will be constructed initially a 2,650 sq. m. building structure roofed and concrete floored (with a greenhouse design) to house the processing and sorting equipments. There will also be a 500 sq. m. Storage Shed / Recycling Center, twentythree (23) Composting Green House Type Bins with hollow block. Total required area is 5 hectares including demo agri-garden and other facilities describe above. A portion of the land will be devoted to organic farming to test and demonstrate the efficacy of the organic compost fertilizer to be produced. The site will have electric three phase power lines, water system and drainage. An interceptor canal along the perimeter of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall be constructed to intercept and control the volume of surface run-off of the project site catchments area. A completely design has already been prepared and is attached to the study. The City Engineer’s office and the ICSWMB shall supply all the technical specifications needed for the CMRCF installation, including electrical power requirements and layout, building and equipment layout, structural specifications, other civil works such as drainage and culverts, water and electrical system, storage facility arrangements to be in compliance with DENR regulations, and other pertinent laws. See Figure 2.2 Site Development Plan Of CMRCF. 7.7 CLOSURE PLAN OF EXISTING OPEN DUMPSITE Based in Article 5 Section 37 of R.A 9003, No open dumps shall be operated upon the affectivity of act, provided that LGU shall convert its open dump into controlled fill with the following guidelines; 1.) Regular inert cover 2.) Drainage control 3.) Fencing for litter control & waste picking 4.) Maintain access road 5.) Vegetation 6.) Provision for aerobic & anaerobic decomposition
Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

97

7.) Record keeping & monitoring 8.) Hydrological setting. The City is currently operating a controlled dumpsite, which shall be closed upon the operation of the Central MRCF and of the Barangay MRF. The improvement activity set at the dumpsite was covering with soil, peripheral site drainage control for run-off surface water, and installation of vent pipes for gas emission and medical assistance for the resident’s area. These plans to rehabilitate and upgrade controlled dumpsite have been initially initiated by the LGU and City Engineer Office.

7.8 MARKET DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND LIVELIHOOD OPERATIONS * Disposal of Central MRCF Products The marketing of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility products is an essential element in the success and sustainability of the operation of this facility. For this purpose, the City shall adopt the strategy as explained below. The program of operations of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility shall have the following four (4) outputs: 1.) Recyclable saleable materials, 2.) Organic compost fertilizer, 3.) Residuals into concrete bricks, and 4.) Baled residuals for long storage or future inventory disposition. The recyclables although already sorted at the household and collected on different schedules will be finally reclassified, sorted, washed and baled at the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility. There are regular junk buyers located in the city and the nearby provinces but as the volumes of recyclables develop, the buyers will be the one to converge to the City based on the experience of other managed Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility projects. The current scavengers of the City particularly in Barangay Santiago shall be given the opportunity to form their own multipurpose scavengers cooperative. If they are able to form this properly, the city can allow the Coop members to sort out all of the saleable recyclables as part of their group’s income instead of to the City. The City shall

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

98

not however pay them for the sorting and classification effort. The scavengers shall benefit mostly from non- competition, working in a roofed environment and away from rain and sunshine all day long, and support benefits for uniforms and safety devices. The advantages of organic compost will be demonstrated in the remaining vacant land areas adjacent to the CMRCF site and in nearby farmlands to be leased (see fig. 2.2 Site Development Plan of the Central Material Recovery and Composting Facility in Brgy. Bonbonon). These farms will become demonstration and training areas for the city residents. The Facility Manager should also have a regular organic farming and sales distribution group that takes care of marketing of the organic compost fertilizers and a network of market outlets. This shall be included in the Terms of Reference for the bidding, and will thus insure a steady outlet of the CMRCF outputs. The application of compost in various Abaca plantations in the City to demonstrate the quality and growth of properly organically fertilized plants is also possible market strategy. Abaca takes two years to provide for its first income, but, subsequently after, the multiplier effect is in multiples of 5. Wholesale supply of compost to abaca and other plantations in the Philippines especially now that many developing countries in the world favors organically grown agri products could also be negotiated by the marketing section of the CMRCF. Concrete bricks will be manufactured during the day shift. Output will primarily be transferred to the city for their civil works, infrastructure and beautification programs under a pre- agreed upon cost arrangement. The CEO and Barangays could avail of these products in their non load bearing bricks requirements at a reduced price but with the income still accruing to the CMRCF operations remainder of the production will be sold by a full time sales person through a wholesale distribution scheme to be developed in detail by the Iligan City Solid Waste Management Board: TWC on Livelihood and Marketing. *

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

99

Table 7.5 ICSWMB-TWC on Livelihood and Marketing Activities/Plans Livelihood Development Marketing Action Plan A. Brgy. Bonbonon A. Brgy. Bonbonon By December 2006-form two(2) By December 2006- buyer for compost, Cooperatives non-bio products, recycled items, cut -Coop raining flower, handicraft, etc., is already -Financial Available (identified). * Suggestions: 1. Survey of potential market Recycles (trained on: bagmaking, 2. Marketing Summit Slippers, plastic molding, Cut 3. Recyclers forums flower production, Etc) 4. Advertisement (?) • Non-Bio Segregators( Trained Issue- How to sell the non-bio to the on: Packaging, Segregation) Coops (system-pricing-monitoring of sales) Training Center Services: - How to convince the farmers to use the - Recycling compost product. - Slipper making Market support in- place by 1st semester of 2007 - Novelty items for: - Handicrafts - Compost sales - Cut flower production - Recycled items /products - Plastic molding - Non- bio products - Brick making B. Non-bio segregators B. Barangay Santiago Training needed: Action Plan Time table - Segregation/ classification of Livelihood for scavengers (88 Dec. 2006 plastics, papers, metals, persons)could be done thru: props preparation and - CDLO packaging of said item, etc… - Consultant - Third party Provide: -Training /Capability Bldg. - Cooperativized(?) - initial working capital - training/capability bldg. C. Training Center C. Other barangay Services Interested to have Training needed: Their MRF ( ie. Kiwalan, Luinab, Ma. Cristina, • Recycling San Miguel) • Handicrafts -Same above • backyard composting -Livelihood /training • Segregation • Cut flower production Assistance by 1st semester of 2007(?) • etc. D. Butterfly Farm/ Market support in-placed by

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery And Composting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB,

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

100

Nursery Training Needed: Operation of butterfly farm Caring for butterflies Marketing Packaging
Source: ICSWMB-TWC: CDLO

1st semester of 2007 for • Compost • Recyclable item • Non-bio products

7.9 IEC-INFORMATION, EDUCATION, CAMPAIGN PLANS /PROGRAM Based on Section 55 0f R.A. 9003, Public Education and Information is important to conduct a continuing education and information campaign on solid waste management. The program shall aim to develop public awareness of the ill effects of the solid waste problem and the solutions in a community-based approach. The IEC shall concentrate on practical activities that will have the greatest impact on solid waste management like resource conservation and recovery, recycling, segregation at source, re-used, reduction, and composting. Aim to encourage general public, accredited NGO’s and people organization an intensified and sustainable information campaign relevant to waste minimization. Through the efforts of the DILG, DECS, TESDA, CHED, PIA, DENR, Government Agencies, NGOs and Private Institutions as commissioning committee on Education Information Campaign (IEC) strengthen immediate initiation of the activity and plans of environmental concern at all level in Barangay which includes household residents, private individuals, schools, institution, markets, hospitals and clinics, commercial and industrial to reduced waste for MRCF processing. The JGB Guevarra Foundation, Inc. (NGOs) is identified to have Participative act in undertaking a waste minimization and resource recovery program in Iligan City under the supervision of ICSWM. They had organized barangay as pilot communities for household segregation and recycling recovery at source. Current list of activities and Plan for IEC- advocacy undertaken are listed below as of 2006.

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

101

Table 7.6List of IEC Activities/ Plans Activity/ Date Target Audience 1. Poster-Making / Contest Schools, Institution, Barangay, Public 2. Interfacing w/ ABC 5. Interfacing w/ 28 Brgy. Councils Barangay Captain & Councils Barangay Captain and Councils. Brgy. Santiago Public individuals

Message SWM: How to handle Refuse

3. Production of Flayers & Stickers

4. Radio Campaign (all Public information local radio station s) * campaign Spots * Guesting / Updating 5. TV Campaign Public information 6. Campaign by Sector

Effectiveness Success public participation/ awards scheme Info on SWM Courtesy call / schedule / Set up info on SWMP SWM system Urging Proper advocacy; closure SWM/ INFO on plan of Brgy. MRCF, upSantiago Open grading open dumpsite dumpsite Picture out SWM; On-going to 3R’s /Composting produce 10,000 pcs. SWMP-MRF, On-going Segregation, Activity 3R’s, composting SWMP-MRCF, Segregation, 3R’s, composting SWMP-MRCF, Segregation, 3R’s, composting On-going Activity Work plan scheduled, On-going Activity

7. Facilitate Seminar to 28 Barangay, IEC Group will Assist the Formulation of Barangay SWM committees in the campaign.

Market, Church, Commercial Establishment, Hospital, Industrial/ Shops, FishLanding/BAGSAKAN School, BARANGAY Level Scavenger, Closure & Brgy. Household, Rehabilitation of Brgy. Council Barangay Santiago dump site, SWM: How to handle Refuse All Sectors Inform laws & penalty

8. To impart penal provisions & ordinance related to environment
Source: TWC-IEC:ICSWMB

Medical Assistance, Up grade site & road w/ soil cover, Constructed Drainage Canal on the active site dump Enforcement plan, On-going

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

102

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful