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1. hnhcmhImi\nba {]Imcw hnhcw \tIXv BcmWv ? At] Bv


kanWw ?

hntPv]mbv Hm^okv apX kp{]ow tImSXn hscbphbpw kmcn
\npw GsXnepw Xcn klmb[\w e`np kwLS\Ifpw s]mXp A[n
Imc m]\fn AYhm s]mXp A[nImcn F \nhN\n hcpw. Hmtcm
s]mXp A[nImcnpw thn \nbans ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdmWv
hnhcw \tIXv. AXn\m At] ]_vfnIv C^taj B^okv
\IWw. ]_vfnIv C^taj B^okv \IWw. ]_vfnIv C^taj
B^oksd kwt_m[\ sNbvXpsImv AtX s]mXp A[nImcnv thn \nban
kl ]nIv C^taj Hm^okpw At] \Imw. (hIpv 6(1))

2. ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS tahnemkw IspsXns\ ?

]nIv C^taj B^okdpsS t]cv IrXyambn AdnbWsan. hnhcw e`n
pXn\pff At] _s s]mXp A[nImc kvYm]\nse tahn
emkn ]nIv C^taj B^ok FsgpXn kanm aXn. t\cns
npItbm, X]men AbpItbm sNmw. ]nIv C^taj B^ok
dpsS hnhc AdnpIqsSn At] m]\nse A[nImcnv
kanm s]mXp A[nImcn ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv At]
ssIamdnsmpw.

3. ]uc Bhiys hnhc apgph\mtbm `mKnIamtbm AXv Xm\pambn
_sXsv ]dv Hcp ]nIv C^taj Hm^okv At] \nckn
mtam ?

]uc Bhiys hnhc apgph\mtbm `mKnIamtbm Xm\pambn _sX
sv ]dv Hcp ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv ]ucs At] \nckn
m km[nn. Fm Bhiys hnhc apgph\mbn asmcp s]mXp
A[nImcnbpambn _sXmsWn At] at s]mXp A[nImcnv
ssIamdn At]Is\ hnhcw Adnbnm At] ssInb s]mXp A[nIm
cnv _myXbpv (hIpv 6(3)). ChnsS FSpp ]dtb asmcp Imcyw ]uc
Bhiys hnhcw `mKnIambn Xs ssIhiapXmsWn _mn hnhc
pthn ]_vfnIv C^taj B^okv hnhcw ssIhiap s]mXp
A[nImcnbpsS klmbw tXSmhpXmWv. (hIpv 5 (4,5)).

4. Hcp s]mXp A[nImcn ]nIv C^taj B^oksd \nbannn hnhcw
e`nm Fp sNWw ?

\nbaw {]m_eyn h XobXn apX ]uc\v bmsXmcp s]mXp A[nImcnbn
\npw hnhcw e`nm AhImiapv. Hmtcm s]mXp A[nImcnbpw \nbaw
]mmn 120 Znhkn\Iw ]_vfnIv C^taj B^ok kl ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^ok Fnhsc \nbanWsav \nbaw A\pimknpp.
(hIpv 5) CXn \nv a\nemtXv Chsc GsXnepw s]mXp A[nImcn
bpsS \nbannnsn AXv _s s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS hogvNbmWv. Bb
Xn\m ]uc BhiysSp hnhcw ]nIv C^taj Hm^oksd \nbann
nsn t]mepw \Im _s s]mXp A[nImcn _m[y\mWv AXp
t]mse s]mXp A[nImcn ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oksd \nbanmXns\Xn
scbpw GsXmcp ]uc\pw hnhcmhImi Ioj\n ]cmXn \Imw (hIpv 18 (1)
(a) )

5. Hcp ]nIv C^taj Hm^okv hnhcw \IpXv \ncknmtam ?

2
NphsS tNp hnjbsf kw_nv hnhc \evIpXv \ncknm ]n.
sF. H. A[nImcapv. cmjv{Sns kpctbtbm, ]cam[nImcttbm, AJ
Xtbtbm, {]XnIqeambn _m[np hnhc, imkv{Xc]ctam, kmn
Itam Bb Xm]cy, hntZi cmPyhpambp _ Fnhsb {]XnIq
eambn _m[np hnhc, Hcp \nbatImSXntbm {So_yqWtem \IcpsXv
hnenbncnp hnhc, hym]mc hyhkmb clky _unImhImiw,
hntZicmPyp \nv clkyambn e`n hnhc, Hcp hynbpsS Pohs\tbm,
`uXnI kpcnXXzstbm, hnhcw \Smp DdhnSstbm A]ISnem
p hnhc, tIkv At\zjWstbm, Ipmsc Ip]nSnpXnt\m,
t{]mknIyqv sNpXnt\m XSksSpp hnhc, a{nk`mtbmK N
I kw_n tcJI, hyn PohnXns kzImcyXsb _m[np hnhc
tI{ kmtcm, tv kmtcm m]n CenPkv, skIyqcnn
m]\fpambn _s hnhc, ]mesanttbm AkwnbptStbm
]Zhnsb l\np hnhc XpSnbh. Fm As\ sNp ]w B
Imcyw At]Is\ AdnbnpIbpw thWw. apIfn kqNnnh HgnsI `cW]
chpw hnIk\]chpamb av hnhc \ncknm ]n sF H Hbvv A[nImcan
. (hIpv 10(2)).

6. hnhcw e`npXn\v Fsnepw ^okptm ?

hnhcw e`npXn\p At] ^okpw hnhcw e`nppXn\p Nnehpw \nb
an hyh sNbvXnpv. tI{ Khsav kwm\sf kw_nnS
tmfw tI{ Khsapw, kwm\fn kwm\ KhsapamWv ^okv
\nbnpXv. ]p cq]bmWv At] ^okv. Fm Zmcn{ZytcJbvv Xmsg
bphv At] ^okv C. tcJI t\cnv ]cntim[npXn\v BZys
Hcp aWnq kabtbvv ^okn Fm XpSp Hmtcm 30 an\nn\pw 10
cq] ^okv \IWw. AXpt]mse ]Iv e`npXn\pw av coXnbn hnhcw
e`npXn\pw ^okv \ncpI Dv. AXmbXv km[mcW t]sPmn\v 2 cq]
kmnfpI, tamU, amv, m apXembhbvv AhbpsS bYm sNehv
^vtfmn, kn. Un, XpSn CeIvt{SmWnIv coXnbn hnhcw e`nm Hmtcmn\pw
50 cq]. Fm Zmcn{ZytcJbvv Xmsgbphsc hnhc \Iptm \tI
Xmb ^okn \nv Hgnhmnbnpv. (hIpv (27) 6(1)).

7. ^okv Fs\bmWv ASbvpXv ?

tIcfn At] ^okSbvpXn\v 4 coXnIfmWv \nbnnpXv. (1)
tImv ^o mmtbm, t\m PpUojy mmtbm, At]m ^mdn Hn
mw. (2) {Sjdnbn 0070-other administrative services60 other services-800
other receipts-42 other items F lUn Nem ASv ckoXv At]tbm
sSmw lmPcmmw. (3) _s ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS Hm^o
kn ]Wambn ASv ckoXp hmmw. (4) Unamv {Um^vv, _mtgvkv sNv, t]
HmU Fnhbn Hcp coXn Ahew_nmw. hnhcw e`npXn\p sNehv
]Wambn _s Hm^okn t\cnv ASbvpItbm aWn HmU Btbm
Unamv {Um^vmtbm \IpIbpw sNmw. tI{ km Hm^okpIfn ]Ww
Unamv {Um^vmtbm t]m HmUdmtbm ASbvmw. (hIpv 6(1), 6(3), 6(5),6(6))
(Rule 3,4,5 of Kerala Right to Information Regulatins of Fee and Cost) Rules 2006)

8. At] kanpXn\v Fsnepw \S]Sn{Ia ]menm\ptm ?

\nnX hnhcw DsSpnsImv ]uc ]nIv C^taj Hm^okv
At] kanWw. {]kvXpX At]bn At]Is ]qamb t]cpw
tahnemkhpw e`nt hnhcns hniZmwi hnhcw GXp hjt
XmWv {]kamb av hnhc Fnh DsSpnbncnWw. Zmcn{ZytcJbvv
3
Xmsgbph ^oknfhv {]tbmP\sSpWsan B hnhcw ImWnbpw _n.
]n. F. kn^nns tImn lmPcmpIbpw thWw. Amh At]m
^okns tcJ Cu At]tbmw \IWw. (hIpv 6(1) Rule (3))

9. Hcp Unmvsatm Hcp ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oktdm At] kzoIcn
pnsn Fp sNWw ?

At] kanm\p A[nImcw ]mesav ]mmnb \nba{]Imcw ]uc\v
knnnpXmIbm At] kzoIcnmXncnpXv _s DtZymK
ImWnp \nbaewL\hpw A[nImc Zphn\ntbmKhpamWv. BbXn\m Am
cy _s s]mXp A[nImcnsb t_mysSpn At] kzoIcnv
ckoXp \Im \n_nmw Fnpw At] kzoIcnmXncnpIbmsW
n kwm\ hnhcmhImi Ioj apmsI AXns\Xnsc ]cmXn \Imw.
(hIpv 18(1)(a))

10. hnhcw \IpXn\v kab]cn[n Dtm ?

hnhc ]uc\v Ignbp{X thKw \IWsamWv \nbaw A\pimknpXv.
hnhcw \IpXn\v \nbnncnp ]camh[n Imemh[n 30 ZnhkamWv. kl
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok hgnbmWv At] kansXn 5 Znhkw
IqSn FSppw. Fm At]Is Pohs\tbm kzmX{ystbm _m[np
hnhcfmWv BhiyssXn 48 aWnqdn\Iw AXv \IWw. (hIpv 7(7))

11. GsXnepw Hcp {]tXyI hnhcw BhiysSpXn\p ImcWw ImWn
Wtam ?

hnhcw BhiysSpXn\p ImcWw ImWntXn. AXp t]mse Fn\p
thnbmWv ]uc Hcp hnhcw BhiysSpsXv tNmZnphm\p A[nImcw
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okpan. (hIpv 6(2)).

12. cmPyv [mcmfw \ \nba Dv. Fm Ah km[mcWmc\v {]tbmP
\sSpn ]s Cu \nbaw {]tbmP\sSpsav ]dbm ImcWsamWv. ?

CsXmcp ]utcmpJamb \nbaamWv.

Cu \nbaw hgn ]uc \nbaw e`ntbmfpw s]mXp A[nImcn hnhcw
\Im DchmZnzsbmfpamWv
DtZymK ]ucs\ klmbnm _my\mWv. DZmlcWn\v
At] tcJmaqew Xmdmn \Im Hcp ]uc\v Ignbm kmlNcy
n B hynv AXv sNbvXp sImSpt NpaXe ]n. sF. H.
bvpv.
Ipmcs\ innm ]uc\v \S]Sn FSpmw.
Ipw sXfnbnt NpaXe ]uc\v C. Btcm]nm am{Xw aXn.
\nbaw ewLnphsc innm efnXamb \S]Sn{IafmWv \nba
nepXv.
CUy {]knUns Hm^okv apX {KmaXe Hm^okphsc FhnsS
\npw ]uc\v hnhcw e`nm Ahkcw CXphgn Dmbncnpp
kmcnsbpw kmcpambn _s m]\fptSbpw {]h\
n IqSpX kpXmcyXbpw P\tfmSv {]Xn_Xbpw DmIm Cu
\nbaw klmbIcamWv

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13. \mfnXphsc Bsnepw ]ng Npasnptm ?

tI{ ]_vfnIv C^taj Ioj\pw kwm\ Ioj\pIfpw Ipmcmb
At\Iw DtZymKcpsS ta ]ng Npanbnpv. Nne DZmlcW

Ulnbnep Zufv cmw tImf\nbnse ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^o
kv Hne[nIw hogvNImbn 1.25 ew cq] ]ng Npan
sImn tImtdj sk{Idnv 25000 cq] ]ng Npan
kwm\ Khsav sk{Idntbnse Hcp sk{Idnv Hne[nIw
tIkpIfn ]ng Npan

14. Npas ]ngbn \nv Fsnepw XpI ]cmXnmc\v e`nptam ?

]uc\v hnhcw \IpXn\v hogvN hcpnbXns t]cn _s DtZymK
\v Npas ]ngbn \nv ]cmXnmc\v Hcp XpIbpw e`npIbn.
Fm hnhcw \ImXncntbm XmaknnpItbm sXmb hnhctam A]q
amb _pnaptm t\cnp Fv sXfnbnsm _s m]\w ]uc\v
\jvS]cnlmcw \Im Dchp ]pdsSphnm C^taj Ioj\v A[n
Imcapv. (hIpv 19(8) (h)

15. ]_vfnIv C^taj B^okp ]ng NpanbXpsImv At]I\v
Fp {]tbmP\w ?

Ipmcs\ inntXv kaqlns BhiyamWv. cmPyp \nv Agna
Xnbpw kzP\]]mXhpw DtZymKcpsS DchmZnXzcmlnXyhpw Cmbva
sNpXn\v CXp]Icnpw. IqSmsX Hcn ]ng ASbvtn h DtZymK
]noSv At]I\v hnhcw \IpXn IptdqSn DchmZnXzw ImWn
pIbpw AXv aphv amXrIbmIpIbpw sNpw. AXpsImv XmfpsS {ia
^eambn sXp sNpbm innsbm Xmv XmfpsS ]uc[w
\ndthn F IrXmXbpmIpw.

16. hnhcw e`npnsn Fp sNWw ?

Hcp ]uc Bhiys hnhcw _s ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdn
\npw 30 Znhkn\Iw e`npnsbn AXnt Ao kanm\p
AhImiw ]uc\pv. Ao cp Xcnepv. Hmw Aoepw cmw Aoepw.
Hmw Ao Hmtcm s]mXp m]\fnepw AhnSs s]mXp A[nImcn \nb
an Atev A[nImcnmWv \tIXv. Fm AhnsS \nv \oXn e`nmsX
hcnIbmsWn AXmbXv Hmw Ao Xnbmtem Asn Ao Xocp
am\w Xr]vXnIcasntem cmas Ao \Imw. CXv kwm\ hnhcmh
Imi Ioj\mWv \tIXv DZm: {Kma]mbpIfn sk{IdnbmWv ]_vfn
Iv C^taj Hm^ok Pnm sU]yqn UbdIvS Hmw Aoe[nImcn. tI{
km m]\amsWn tI{ hnhcmhImi Ioj\mWv cmas
Ao kantXv. (hIpv 19 (1) )

17. Hmw Aoe[nImcn BcmWv ?

Fm s]mXp A[nImcnbpw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS ta AtX hIp
n Xs D Hcp taeptZymKs\ Ao A[nImcnbmbn \nbanWsav
\nbaw A\pimknnpv. (hIpv 19(1))

18. Hmw Aoen\v {]tXyI ^mdw \nbnnptm ?

5
Aoen\v t^mdw \nbnnpv. Fm t^mdn Xs thWsav \n_
an Aoen\v Bkv]Zamb hnhc tNncnWw. AXmbXv ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^okv At] kan XobXn, Bhiys hnhcw, kw_
n hniZmwi, hnhchpambn _s Hm^okns t]cv, ]nIv C^ta
j Hm^ok hnhcw XomnbXns hnhc, Aoen\v t{]cnn hkvXpX
IfpsS Npcpw, Ao Xocpam\saSppXn\v klmbntmhp at
snepw hnhc Dsn Ahbpw tNXmWv Aoen\v Bkv]Zamb
hnhcfmbn tNtXv. (hIpv 28(3) (f))

19. Hpw cpw AoepIv Rm ^okStWm ?

Aoen\v Hn\pw ^okStXn. (hIpv 7(3) ( b) 7(8) 19)

20. F{X Znhkn\pn Rm Ao kanWw ?

Ao ]cmXnmkv]Zamb kw`hw Dmbn 30 Znhkn\Iw Ao kan
Ww. Fm Ao Xmaknm aXnbmb ImcWfpsv Atev A[nIm
cnv t_mysm Xmaknp Aoepw kzoIcnpw. (hIpv 19(1))

21. Hmw Aoen\v tijhpw F\nv hnhcw e`nmsX hm Rm Fp
sNWw ?

Hmw Aoen\v tijhpw hnhcw e`nmsX hm kwm\ hnhcmhImi
Ioj apmsI cmw Ao kanm ]uc\v AhImiapv. (hIpv 18
19)

22. cmw Ao Fm FmWv ?

Hmw Atev AtXmdnnbpsS \S]Sn ]uc\v Xr]vXnIcasn AXnt
kwm\ C^taj Ioj\v kanp Aoens\ cmw Ao Fp
]dbpp. Hmw Ao sImSpmsX ]uc\v t\cnv kwm\ hnhcmhImi
Ioj\v Ao \ImhpXmWv ( hIpv (18))


23. cmw Aoen\v {]tXyI ^mdw \nbnnptm ?

Hmw Aoen\pw cmw Aoen\pw Htc At]m ^mdamWpXv. {]kvXpX
At]bn ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv At] kan XobXn,
Hmw Ao kan XobXn, Bhiys hnhcw kw_n hniZmwi,
hnhchpambn _s Hm^okns t]cv, ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok
At] XomnbXns hnhc, Hmw Ao A[nImcn Ao Xom
nbXpw Cu Aoen\m[mchpamb Dchns hnhc, Ao A[nImcn
bn \nv A{]Imcap Dchv ssInb XobXn, Ao kant Ah
km\ XobXn, Aoen\v t{]cnn hkvXpXIfpsS Npcpw, Aoen\v Xocpam\sa
Spm klmbntmhp assnepw hnhc Fnh DmbncnWw.
(hIpv 2(3)).

24. cmw Ao kanm kab]cn[n Dtm ?

Hmw Atev AtXmdnnbpsS Xocpam\w DmtI XobXntm Xocpam\w
e`n XobXnbvtm sXmpdp Znhkn\Iw cmw Ao kanWw.
Fm aXnbmb ImcWfm Xmakn Aoepw kzoIcnmw. (hIpv 19(3))

6
25. hnhcmhImi \nbaw Fv {]m_eyn hp ?

Cu \nbaw tI{ km Kkn {]knoIcn 2005 Pq 15 \v BIvSv {]m_ey
n hXmbn IWmmw. Fm BIvSv \Snemm {]mYanIamb Gsd
\S]SnI DXpsImv Ah ]qnbmn ]uc\v BIvSv {]Imcw AhImiw
e`nXv BIvSv {]m_eyn h 15605 apX \qn Ccp]Xmw Znhkw AXmbXv
121005 apXemWv (hIpv 1(3))

26. hnhcmhImi \nban\v kam\ \nba hXpw Dmbncptm ?

CUybn 2002 ]mkmnb Adnbm\p kzmX{y \nbaw (Freedom of
Information Act) \nehnepmbncpp. almcmjv{S, Xangv\mSv, cmPm, Uln,
ay{]tZiv, Bkmw, Pp Imivao Fo kwm\fn Adnbm\p Ah
Imi \nbaw \Smnbncpp. 1994 se tIcf ]mbv cmPv, ap\nknmenn \nb
afn 1999 se t`ZKXn {]Imcw ]cnanXamb tXmXn Adnbm\p AhImiw
DsSpn . 1776 temIv BZyw koU\n Fm ]ucmpw Adnbm\p
AhImiw A\phZnp sImv \nbaw ]mkmn. 56 temIcmjv{Sfn C{]Imc
ap \nbaw \Smnbnpv. 25 Hmfw cmjv{S Cv \nba\nmWZibn
emWv.

27. hnhcmhImi \nbaw Bsmw _m[IamWv ?

Pp Imivao HgnsI asm kwm\fnepw Cu \nbaw _m[IamWv. hIpv (1
(2)) CUybnse ]ucmv AhImiw e`npXv CUy {]knUns
Hm^okp apX Xmsg {KmaXenep Kh Hm^okpI, `cW LS\ ]mesav
]mkmnb \nbaw, kwm\ Akw_vfn ]mkmnb \nbaw, tI{ kwm\
kmcpIfpsS DchpItfm, hnm]\tfm aqew m]nstXm, kwL
SnnstXm Bb m]\, Khsan\v DSaXbp m]\,
Khsav \nb{np m]\, Khsav t\cntm AmXtbm KWy
amb [\klmbw \Ip m]\, Khsav KWyamb [\klmbw
\Ip KhsanXc kwLS\I Fnh s]mXp A[nImcn F \nhN\
n sImphv s]mXp A[nImcnIv \nbaw _m[Iamnbncnpp.
(hIpv 2 (h) ).

28. KWyamb Khsav klmbw FXpsImv DtinpsXmWv ?

KWyamb Khsav klmbw (substantially financed) FXv \nhNnnn.
XpIbpsS hepamImw. {]h\ ^ns hn A\p]mXamImw. Hcp
{]tXyI ]Xnpthn km \Ip [\klmbhpamImw.

29. KhsanXc m]\ CXns ]cn[nbn hcptam ?

`cWLS\, ]mesatm Akwntbm ]mkmnb \nbaw, Khsav ]pdsSp
hn DchpI, hnm]\ Fnhbn Hp {]Imcw cq]oIcntXm
kwLSnnstXm, Khsav DSaXbneptXm \nb{nsSptXm
XpSnb {]tbmKfpsS taJe hfsc hn]peamWv. ]e KhsanXc m]\
pw Chbn Nne eW Itmw. IqSpX hyamb \nhN\
ns A`mhn Hcp m]\w hnhcmhImi \nbans ]cn[nbn hcptam
F Imcyw tImSXnbptStbm hnhcmhImi Iojstbm ]cntim[\bvv hnt[
bamtnhcpw. kmcn \nv GsXnepw {]tXyI t{]mPIvSn\v ^p
hmp k kwLS\Ifpw B t{]mPIvSns\ kw_n s]mXp A[nImcn
7
bpsS \nhN\n hcpsav ASpnsS kwm\ hnhcmhImi Ioj Hcp
tIkns hn[nbn {]Jym]npIbpmbn. (hIpv 2 (h) ).


30. 1923 se HutZymKnI clky \nbaw hnhcmhImi \nbaw \SmpXn\v XS
at ?

1923 se HutZymKnI clky \nbaw hnhcmhImi \nbaw \SmpXn\v XSa
. ImcWw 1923 se HutZymKnI clky \nbantetbm atsXnepw \nban
tetbm \nba{]m_eyap av {]amWfnsetbm GsXmcp hyhIpw Cu
\nbanse hyhIfpsS ta {]m_eyan. (hIpv 2 (3) ).

31. PIObvv GsXnepw hn[n `mKnIambn hnhcw \ImhpXmtWm ?

Hcp ]uc Bhiys apgph hnhchpw e`yamm {]mtbmKnIambn Akm[y
amsWntem Hcp tcJbpsS Ipsd`mKw clkytcJbpsS \nhN\n DsSp
santem ]uc\v {]tbmP\sSpsan `mKnIambn hnhcw \Imw. Fm C
s\bp hnhcw \Iptm AXv `mKnIamb hnhcw BsWv IqSn ]ucs\
AdnbnncnWw. (hIpv 10(1) 6(1) (i) ).

32. Ipdnv ^ben \np hnhcw \ImXncnmtam ?

]uc BhiysSp hnhcw Ipdnv ^ben DXmsWn B ImcWw
]dv AXv \ncknm ]mSn. B hnhchpw ]uc\v \Im ]_vfnIv C^
taj Hm^ok _my\mWv.

33. hnhcw e`npXpsImv FmWv {]tbmP\w ?

Fsms am\ZfpsS ASnm\nemWv _s DtZymKcpw \b
Xocpam\saSpphcpw Xocpam\sfSpsXv a\nemm hnhcw ]ucs\
klmbnpw. AXp t]mse Hcp ]uc F \nebn Xs `cnphcpsS \S]
SnIsfpdnv AdnbpIbpw \S]SnIfn A]mIX tXmnbm Ah ]cnlcnp
Xn\pw BhnmXncnm\pw \S]Sn kzoIcnt NpaXe ]uc[n
DsSpp. `cWw kpXmcyamm\pw P\m[n]Xyns BtcmKyIcamb \ne
\nn\pw kwipXbvpw ]ucm hnhcw AdntbXv AXymhiyamWv. hnhc
e`npXneqsS kmcns {]h\ hnebncppXn\pw Xocpam
\fnepw \bcq]oIcWfnepw kzm[o\w sNeppXn\pw ]uc\v Ignbpw.
Npcpn A]qhpw hnIknXhpamb P\m[n]Xyn\v CXv hgn
Xpdpw. (\nbans BapJw).

34. hnhcmhImi \nbaw D]tbmKnv hnhcw tiJcn AgnaXn shfnp
sImp hcpXpsImv Bsnepw `ojWn t\cntSn hnptm ?

CXpambn _s ]epw `ojWn t\cntSn hnpv. Fm Cv A
s\bp {]hWXsb AXnPohnm Iqmbn {]hntbm At\Iw t]
Hmtc hnhcw BhiysSpItbm F X{amWv ]uckaqlw kzoIcnncnpXv.

35. hnhcmhImi \nbaw \SmnbXpsImv Fsnepw {]tbmP\apXmbn
IcpXmtam ?

`cW cwKphcpsS AekX, Dt] apXembh Ipsdsbms Ahkm\nn
m Ignp. hynIv km kwhn[m\n \nv e`nt B\pIq
ey [rXKXnbn \Smn Inm Ignp. aqSn hncp ]e sXmb \S]Sn
8
Ifpw AhnlnXamb ]e {]h\fpw shfnpsImphv ]cnlcnm
hp ]eXpw ]cnlcnm Ignp. Fmnepap]cn hnhcw e`yamIpsa
[mcW ]ucs ]Zhn DbpIbpw hnhcw ]pddnbpsa [mcW DtZymK
IqSpX ImcyaXtbmSpIqSn {]hnpXn\pw Xocpam\saSppXn\pw
CSbmpIbpw sNbvXp. AgnaXn \nd cmjv{Sfn aqmw m\apmbn
cp CUybpsS m\w apn \nv XmtgmmbnsmncnpshXpw Cu
\nbans Hcp {]tbmP\amWv.

36. `ojWnIsf t\cnSmhp X{fptm ?

Nnetmsgnepw Hbvv s]mcpXnbm `ojWnv hiwhZcmtInhcpXmbn
ImWppv. Hcp At]I `ojWnv hnt[bambm av ]p t] IqSn
At]npI. thn hm IqSpX Bm hopw At]npI.
As\ Iqmb {]h\neqsS `ojWnsSpm Ignbm kmlNcyw
krjvSnsSppI FXmWv ^e{]Zamb X{w. Cu Imcyn kkwLS\
Iv IqSpX ^e{]Zambn {]hnm Ignbppv.

37. hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw hnhcw tiJcnp sImv P\v DtZymK
sc mv sabn sNm Ahkcw \IpIbt sNbvXncnpXv ?

sXp ]nbhscbmWv mv sabn sNm IgnbpI. sXv ]cnlcnm Ign
bmsX hcptm mv sabnenwKv XpSp sImtbncnpw. BbXn\m sXv
sNbvXnpsn AXv AwKoIcnpIbpw AXv XncppIbpw taen AXn\p
Ahkcw DmImXncnpIbpw sNpXp hgn mv sabnen\p kmlNcyw
Hgnhmmw.

38. \nbaw \SmnbXn\m At]IfpsS {]fbambncnpIbpw AXv Hm^okv
{]h\s {]XnIqeambn _m[npIbpw sNpIbnt ?

hnhcmhImi \SmnbXn\m At]IfpsS {]fbambncnpsapw AXv
Hm^okv {]h\s {]XnIqeambn _m[npsa [mcW icnb. Uln
bn Cu \nbaw \Smnbtm Hcp hIpn Hcp amkw icmicn 2 At]I
fmWv e`nXv. almcmjv{S kwm\s A\p`hhpw AXpt]me Xsbmbncp
p. tIcfnemIs Cu \nbaw Imcyambn ]ucm D]tbmKnpn F
XmWv nXn. Cu \nbaw hcpXn\v ap]pw AXymhiyw tcJIfpsS ]Iv e`n
m kwhn[m\w Dmbncpp. Bhiym hnhcw tiJcnpIbpw sNbvXncp
p.

39. \nbaw \Smm hXpIbpw av hn`htijnbpw Bhiyambn hcnIbnt ?

tI{ kwm\ hnhcmhImi Ioj\pIfpsS sNehmWv {][m\ambpw IqSpX
hnpXv. ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok, kl]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^o
k Unmpsa Aoe[nImcn Fo NpaXeI \nehnep DtZymK
{]tXyI AehknmsX Xs \nlnpp. Ah At] ssIImcyw
sNpXn\pw hnhcw \IpXn\v thn IqSpX kabw Nnehgntn hcp
sapXmWv _myX. sNdnb tXmXn hmp At]m^okv CXv Ipd
sbms ]cnlcnpw. hnhcmhImi \nbaw k`cWw sImphcm\pw ]ucmh
Imi DbpXn\pw BtcmKyIcamb P\m[n]Xy k{Zmbw \ne\np
Xn\pamWv. CXn\m IqSpX sNehpI t\cntSn hcpsan IqSn AXv \
bvmWv.

40. P\ A\mhiyambn At] kanpXv Fs\ Hgnhmmw ?

9
P\ A\mhiyambn At] kanp {]hWX IpdhmWv. hnhc
kzta[bm {]knsSpm\p \nba hyh ]menm At]IfpsS Fw
hfsc Ipdbpw. Hm^okv ]ckncv hmm t_mUv kvYm]nv Hm^okv
Imcysfpdnp hnhc {]knoIcnmw. ]ucmhImi tcJ {]knoI
cnpw km[npsan C s\ntem Hcp skv Dmn hnhc AXn
\Inbpw At]IfpsS Fw Ipdbvmw P\ hnhc tXSnsmncn
pXv DtZymKcpsS ISaIfnep AhcpsS {i hnnpIbpw hnhc
Nnbmbn kqnm t{]cnnpIbpw sNpw.

41. ^bIpdnpI ]ckyamcpXv. ImcWw kXykamb D]tZiw sImSpp
Xn \nv AXv DtZymKsc ]nncnnpw. ?

^bpdnpI ]uc\v {]m]yampXv kXykamb D]tZiw sImSpp
Xn \nv DtZymKsc ]nncnnp hmZw icnb. ImcWw hnhcw ]pddn
bpsav hm DtZymK\v XtStmsS kXykambn IpdnpI tcJs
Spmw ^bepIfpw apw FgpXptm ]uc Bhiysm shfnsSp
tnhcpw F [mcW a\nepmbm AXv icnbmb coXnbn ^b Ipdn
pIsfgpXm DtZymKs\ t{]cnnpsa Imcyn kwiban.

42. km DtZymKv XfpsS \ne\nev]n\pthn ]ehn[nep
kv hnt[bamtInhcpw AtXpdnv kmam\y P\v Adnhnt
?

DtZymKv Xocpam\sfSpptm ]e hn[nep kv hnt[
bcmtInhcppsh a\nememWv kpXmcyhpw P\tfmSv {]Xn_Xbp
ap Hcp `cWw DmIpXn\v s]mXp A[nImc m]\fpsS ssIhiap
hnhc Fm ]ucmpw e`yamIm\mbn Cs\sbmcp \nbawsImv hXv
. DtZymKcpsS ta A\ymbambn Xocpam\sfSpm kw sNepp
hscbpw Cu \nbaw ]pdpsImp hcpsaXn\m C\n DtZymK k
v hgm ]nsbv Xpdp ]dbmw.

43. km dnmUpI icnbmb coXnbn kqnpn. ]ns Fns\
bmWv hnhcmhImi \nbaw {]tbmKn hcppI ?

hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw Adnbm\p AhImiw XzcnXsSp hn[w
Fmw s]mXp `cWm[nImcnIfpw XfpsS Fm tcJIfpw kw_n hnhc
]nI Xmdmn hnjb{Iaa\pkcnv kqnpIbpw Iyqssdkv sNmhph
hn`h e`yX\pkrXambn \ymbamb kab ]cn[npn Iyqssdkv sNp
Ibpw Ahbntep {]m]yX Ddm hn[w hnhn[ irwJeI hgn cmPy
sammsI _sSppIbpw sNWsav BIvSns 4mw hIpv A\pimknp
p. AXp ]menm ]_vfnIv AtXmdnnbpsS t]cn C^taj Ioj\v
]cmXn t_m[nnm \S]SnbpmIpw. (hIpv 18(1) (c) 25(5) (iii) 19 (8) (a) )

44. hfsc hn]peamb hnhc BhiyspsImp At] \ncknpIqtS ?

Bhiys hnhcw Bhiys coXnbn \IpXv s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS hn`
htijn AanXambn \jvSsSpmXncnpnStmfw A{]Imcw \IWsa
mWv hyh. Xqew s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS hn`htijn IWnseSpv
hnhcw \Ip coXnbn Xocpam\w FSpm\p hnthN\m[nImcw hn\ntbmKn
msav ]tcmambn ChnsS Aampp. CXv kqNnnpXv hfsc hn]p
eamb hnhcfmsW ImcWm ]ucs At] \ncknm ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^okv A[nImcansbmWv. (hIpv 7(9) )

10
45. P\ Ahv Bhiyap Imcy am{Xw Bhiysm t]msc ?
Ahsc _m[nm `cWImcy kw_n tNmZy A\phZnWtam
?

Fv Bhiyn\pthn hnhcw e`yamWw Fv At\zjnm\p A[nImcw
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv CmXn\m ]uc BhiysSp
hnhcw \Intb ]q. Cmcyn s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS hnthN\m[nImc
n\v {]knbn. am{Xa P\pthn `cWw \Sp kmcns
{]h\sfpdnv icnbmb Adnhv e`nsn am{Xta P\m[n]Xy A[n
Imcw ]uc\v A]qambn hn\ntbmKnm\mhq. ( hIpv 6(2) )

46. ssIqenbpw AgnaXnbpw Ahkm\nnpI FXmtWm hnhcmhImi \nb
awsImv eyanSpXv ?

s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhiap ]uc BhiysSp hnhcw ]uc\v
\IpI FXp am{XamWv Cu \nbans {]Xyeyw. Fm AhnlnX
amb sNbvXnI kpXmcyambn XocpXn\m ]tcmambn AgnaXnbpw ssIq
enbpw kzP\]]mXhpw Ahkm\nnm CXphgn Ignbpw. ChnsS Adnhv
Bbp[amm\p Ignhv thWsav am{Xw.

47. s]mXptaJem m]\v AhcptSXmb ss_semI Dv. Ah s]mXp
P\v hnhc \IpXns\ \ntcm[npp. hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw
Ans\bp m]\ hnhcw \Im _my\mtWm ?

hnhcmhImi \nban\v asm \nbafpsSbpw ta {]m_eyapv (over
riding effect). s]mXptaJem m]\ Cu \nbaw A\pkcnpItbm Ah
cpsS ss_semI Cu \nban\v A\pkrXamn amnsbgpXpItbm sNWw.
]mesav ]mkmn {]knUv AwKoIcn \nbas [ncnp Hcp \nba
n\pw ss_sembvpw cmjv{Sn\Iv \ne\nn. (Govt of India Gazette
ordinary No 25 dated 21
st
J une 2005- notification of Ministry of Law and J ustice
dated 21
st
J une 2005 and section 22 of the Act)

48. ]e hnhcfpw Khsav DtZymK t\cnv Adnbnmdpv. hnhcmhImi
\nbaw Ans\ hmm hnhcw \IpXv \ntcm[nnptm ?

hnhcmhImi \nbaw hmm hnhcw \IpXv \ntcm[nnn. Fm An
s\bp hnhc 4mw hIpv (2) (3) D] hIppI {]Imcw kzta[bm {]kn
sSppXv IqSpX DNnXambncnpw.

49. ]ucmhImi \nba{]Imcw Hcp ]uc\v hmm D \nti Bhiys
Smtam ?

BhiysSmw. Fm ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok AXv tcJmaqew Xmdm
m Bhiyamb klmbw ]uc\v \IWw. hIpv 6(1) (b))

50. Khsav DtZymKv hnhcmhImi \nbaw hn\ntbmKnv AhcpsS
hmjnI clky dntmv (Annual confidential role or report) {]m]yammtam ?

CXv s]mXp Xmev]cynt\m s]mXp {]h\nt\m BhiyapXmXpw
hyn]chpamb hnhc BbXn\m kmam\y \nebvv ]uc\v {]m]yamt
Xn Fm ]mesatm kwm\ \nbak`tbm Bhiysm sImSpm
hp hnhc ]uc\v \ntj[nmhpX Fv hyhbpXn\m s]mXp
11
{]h\nt\m s]mXp Xmev]cynt\m hnhcw \IpXv Bhiyambn
Im \ImhpXmWv. (hIpv 8(1) )

51. Hcp hnZymnv Xm FgpXnb ]_vfnIv ]co DcSemkv amn
Xns ]Iv e`nmt\m ]cntim[nmt\m hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw AhImi
aptm ?

CXv kw_nv hyXy \ne]mSmWv hnhn[ A[nImcnI ssIsmnpXv.
CXv hynKXamb hnhcw BsWpXmWv sImSppXns\Xnscbp hmZw.
Fm AtX hyn Xs BhiysSptm Cu XSn\v {]knbn.
mp ]coIfpsS ISemkv hnZymnIv ]cntim[\bvv sImSpmdpXn
\m DcSemkpIv s]mXpth clky kz`mhansv hyw. Fm
]_vfnIv C^taj ]cobpsS DcSemkpI clkytcJbmbn kqn
ncpp. hnhcmhImi \nban clkyambn kqnt {]amWfpsS
enkvn DcSemkv {]tXyIw DsSpnbnn. tIcf ssltmSXn hyn
KXamb Hcp tIkn ]nIv ]cobpsS DcSemkv ]cntim[nm A\ph
ZnpsImv hn[n {]kvXmhnnpv.

52. Hcp hIpntem Hm^okntem hyXykvXamb ]e {]h\ Itmw.
Ah Hmtcmn\pw {]tXyIw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oksd \nbant
Xptm ?

hyXyamb ]e {]h\ D Hcp Hm^okn Ah Hmtcmn\pw
{]tXyIw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok thWtamsbXv Hm^okns kmlN
cya\pkcnv ssIImcyw sNtXmWv. Hcp ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv
amcn \npw klmbw tXSmhpXpw, Ans\ kao]nsSp DtZymKs\
Amcyn\v ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdmbn IWmsSpXpw BWv.
Fm hnhn[ imJIfp henb Hm^okn XfpsS NpaXe `wKnbmbn \nh
lnm\pw ]uc\v icnbmb tkh\w \Im\pw Hmtcm imJbvpw Hcp ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^oksd \nbanpXmbncnpw DNnXw. (hIpv 5(1) (4) (5) ).

53. 4mw hIpp {]Imcw Hcp s]mXp A[nImcn kzta[bm ]ckysSpt hnhc
Internet {]knsSpnbm aXnbmIptam ?

]ckysSpmhp coXnIfn Hp am{XamWv Cs\v. ]uc\v Ghpw kpKa
ambn hnhcw e`yamIp coXnbn thWw ]ckysSptXv Fv \nbaw A\p
imknpp. am{Xa CXv Fm s]mXp A[nImcnbpw \nhlnt NpaXe
bmWv. Ctm Fm s]mXp A[nImcnpw Cs\v kuIcyw Ctm. (hIpv
4(2)(3)(4))

54. 120 Znhkn\pn hnhc {]knsSppnsn FmWv in ?

\nban Cmcyn in {]tXyIw ]dnn. \memw hIpv Hmw D]
hIpv {]Imcw hnhc {]knoIcnv e`ntXv ]ucs AhImiambXn
\m ]uc\v C^taj Ioj apmsI ]cmXnsSmw. hIpv 18(1) (f), 19
(8) (a) (iii) (iv) ]mesav ]mkmnb \nbaw \SmmXn\m dnv lPn
aptJ\ ssltmSXntbtbm kp{]o tImSXntbtbm kao]nv \Smm tImSXn
bn \nv Dchv BhiysSpXmWv. IqSmsX Unmpsa \S]Sn
Imbn _s Unmpsa tae[nImcnIsfbpw kao]nmw.

55. DtZymKcpsS ifw, Aehkv apXembh {]knsSpnbm kmaqly
hncp inI Db ifw ssIphcn \npw ]Ww ]nSp {]h
12
WX krjvSnpIbnt ? CXv DtZymKsc A]ISntebvv XnbnSpIbt
sNpXv ?

hnhcmhImi \nbaa\pkcnv s]mXp A[nImcn Xs m]\nse DtZymK
pw Poh\mpw \jvS]cnlmcw DssS e`np {]Xnamk ifw
kw_nv hnhcw kzta[bm {]knsSpWsamWv BbXn\m ChcpsS
ifw Aehkv apXembh {]knsSpnbm kmaqly hncp inI
Db ifw ssIphcn \npw ]Ww ]nSpmsav [mcW icnb.
kzImcytaJebnepw kaqlnepw s]mXptaJem DtZymKscm IqSpX
ifw ]p DtZymKpw [\tijn Dhvt]mepw `ojWn DmImdn.
Cu ImcW ]dv Ch {]knsSpmXncnpXv bmsXmcp ImcWh
imepw icnb.

56. hnhcw e`nm At] kanpXn\v {]tXyI ^mdw \n_amtWm
?

tI{ kwm\ kmcpIv At] ^mdw \nbnpsImv N ]pd
sSphnm A[nImcw \IpIbpw Ah A{]Imcw N ]pdsSphnp
Ibpw sNbvXnpv. tIcf km ]pdsSphn Nfn \nnX ^mdnem
sXbpw At]nmsav hyamnbnpv am{Xa hmm BhiysSp
hv t]mepw AXv tcJmaqew Xmdmm ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok
klmbw \IWsav hyhbpXn\m hmmep At]t]mepw kzoI
cntXmWv. (CXns Ahkm\w sImSpncnp At]m ^mdns
amXrI ImWpI ) (hIpv 3 8g(3) )

57. BhiysSp hnhcw hfsc _rlmbncnpI ?. Hcp At]bn F{X
am{Xw Imcy Dsmnmw ?. Ccp]tXm aptXm hyXy hnhcv
H At] \IpI XpSnb kmlNcyfn hyXy At]I
\Im\pw Asn Hmtcm hn`mKw hnjbn\pw {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ^okv AS
bvm\pw \n_nmtam ?

A{]Imcap \nb{W Hpw \nbanen. Fm IqSpX hnhc
tiJcntXpsn At]I\v Hcp CSme adp]Sn \Insmv
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv Xs Da hnizmkw kvYm]nsSpmw
Da hnizmktmsS D \S]SnIv kwcWw Dv. (hIpv 6(3))

58. ]e sk\pIfnse {]h\w kw_nv hnhcfdnbm Hcp At]
Hcp ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv \Ipp. Atln\v kab]cn[np
n Fm sk\pIfn \npw hnhcw tiJcn \Im Ignbpn. AYhm
Atlns apgph kabhpw AXn\pthn Nnehmtnhcpw Ans\
bp k`fn Fp sNWw. ?

hnhn[ sk\pIv {]tXyIw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok Dsn
AhntSv At]bpsS ]IpI \In At]Is\ hnhcw Adnbnbvmw.
hnhcw \IpXn\p ]camh[n kabw 35 Znhkambn ZoLnnmw. Am
]w hnhn[ sk\pIfn \nv hnhc tiJcnv \nnX kab]cn[n
pn hnhcw \Im ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok _my\mWv.
sk\pIfn \nv hnhcw Xmaknm sk\pIfpsS NpaXem Xmakn
Xn\v inW \S]SnIv hnt[bcmtInhcpw. AXmbXv ]_vfnIv C^ta
j Hm^okv Bhiysav tXmp ]w hnhc kzcq]opXn\mbn
av Poh\msc NpaXesSpmhpXpw Ccn NpaXesSpptm B
DtZymKs\ ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdmbn IWmpXpamsWv
hIpv 5(5) ]dbpp.
13

59. hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw e`yamp hnhcfn Ir{Xnaw ImWnv Zpcp]
tbmKsSpm\p km[yXbpv. AsXns\ Hgnhmmw ?

hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw e`yamIp hnhcfn Ir{Xnaw ImWnv Zpcp]tbm
KsSpmXncnm kmysSpnb ]IpI \Im kwhn[m\apvv.
IqSmsX CeIvt{SmWnIv kwhn[m\n Ir{Xnaw ImWnmsX kwcWn
\p kwhn[m\ Dv. pdf, tif format of floppy or CD certify XpSnbh.
ChnsS Hmt Hcp Imcyw At]I kzbw tiJcnp hnhcfpsS
hnizmkyXbvv s]mXp A[nImcnv DchmZnXzanmsbXmWv.

60 tcJI ]cntim[nm At]IfpsS Hcp {]fbw Dsncns PIO
AsXns\ ssIImcyw sNpw ? Xs HutZymKnI IrXy Fns\ \nh
lnpw? am{Xa Xncn\nsS a\]qamtbm, {ipdhpsImtm {]amW
v tISp hcpphm kmyXbnt ?

s]mXp P\n\v km[mcW Bhiyambn hcp tcJI Fmw Xs kzbw ]c
kysSpthbn DsSpn ]ckyw sNbvXv Xncv Hgnhmmw. tcJI
]cntim[npXn\v tat\mw hlnm av DtZymKsc NpaXesSpphm
\p A[nImcw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okpv. tcJIv tISp kw`
hnp kmlNcyn _s tcJbpsS kpctbtbm kwcWstbm
{]XnIqeambn _m[nm Xcn tcJ ]cntim[nm GmSv sNm\pw
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv A[nImcapv. (hIpv 5(4) (5) 7 (a)).

61. Htc hnhcw Xs ]ecpw BhiysSpIbmsWn Hmtcmcppw Ah
sImSppXv Hcp hrYm Azm\at ?

At\Iw t] BhiysSm km[yXbp hnhc kzta[bm ]ckySpp
Xv DNnXambncnpw. C\n Hcp hnhcw ]ckysSpnbnpw ]uc B hnhcw
BhiysSpIbmsWn B hnhcw ]uc\v \Im ]_vfnIv C^taj
Hm^ok _my\mWv.

62. Hcp s]mXp A[nImcn kzta[bm {]knsSpnbnp hnhcfn Hv Hcp
]uc Bhiysm hopw sImSptXptm ?

kzta[bm ]ckysSpp hnhcw kuP\yambpw kpkm[yambpw e`nptm
AtX hnhcw At] hgn BhiysSm km[yX IpdhmWv At]Is\ Cu
hnhcw Adnbnnpw \n_w ]nSnpIbmsWn Bhiys coXnbn Xs
hnhcw sImSptXpv. (hIpv 7 (a))

63. hnhcmhImi \nbaw ]mkmbXpsImv hnhcw e`yampXn\v am{Xw thn
Hcp ]w ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okamsc \nbantXptm ?

hnhcw e`yampXn\pthn ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oksd {]tXyIw \nb
anm BIvSn hyh sNbvXnn. s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS \nehnep Hcp
DtZymKt\tbm Hcp ]w DtZymKsctbm Cu NpaXe Gnm\mWv \nb
an hyh sNbvXncnpXv. (hIpv 5(1))

64. Nne kwm\ kmcXbnepw, Nne kwm\ {]_pXbnepw
ap]nbnepv. Acw kwm\fnse ]ucm Bhiyn\pw A\mh
iyn\pw Cu \nbaw D]tbmKnv s]mXp m]\fnse {]h\w kvXw`nn
m km[yXbnt ?

14
kmcXbnepw {]_pXbnepw ap]nbn Fv A`nam\np tIcfn `
\nbaw {]m_eyn hv cv hjw Ignnpw hfsc Ipdv At]I
am{Xta s]mXp A[nImcnIfpsS apmsI FnbnpqshXv Xs Bhiy
n\pw A\mhiyn\pw ]ucm Cu \nbaw D]tbmKnv s]mXp m]\
fnse {]h\w kvXw`nnm kmyXbntsb hmZn\v \ncmXmWv.

65. kl]nIv C^taj Hm^ok C^taj Hm^okdpsS klmbnbm
bnmtWm {]hntXv ?

kl ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok C^taj Hm^okdpsS klmbn A.
hnhcw BhiyspsImp At] hmpIbpw AXv 5 Znhkn\Iw _
s ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv FnpsImSppIbpw AXv t]mse
Ao hmpIbpw AXv Atev AtXmdnntm C^taj Iojt\m
kanpIbpw sNpI Fv \nba]camb NpaXebmWv kl ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^ok \nhlntXv. Fm Hcp ]nIv C^taj
Hm^okv atsXmcp DtZymKsbpw klmbw tXSm A[nImcapv. An
s\bp DtZymK ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok Bbn Xs ]cnKWn
sSpw. (hIpv 5(2) (4) (5) ).

66. kl ]nIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS NpaXeI FsmsbmWv. ?

hnhcw BhiyspsImp At]bpw Aoen\p At]bpw ]ucm
cn \npw kzoIcnv ckoXpsImSppIbpw 5 Znhkn\pn Ah _s
A[nImcnv FnpsImSppIbpw sNpI. (hIpv 5(2))

67. kl ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS t]cn inm \S]SnI \ne
\nptam ?

kl ]nIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS t]cn inm \S]SnIv t\cnp
hyhI C. Fm X\nv e`np At]Ifpw Aoet]Ifpw
Ap Znhkn\Iw _s A[nImcnv FnpsImSptXpv. An
s\bp At] Xomm A\phZnnp ]camh[n kabw Cu Ap
Znhkw IqSn IWnseSppsImmWv. AXmbXv 35 Znhkw ]ucs\ kw_n
nStmfw adp]Sn Xmaknm Ao t]mIm A[nImcapv. Xmakw BcpsS
ssIbnseXv ]uc\v {]iv\a. Xqew Xmakn\v DchmZn kl ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^ok BsWn kmam\yXXzw A\pkcnv kl ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^ok inbvv hnt[bamtIn hcpw.

68. Hcp ]uc BhiysSp hnhcw kl ]_vfnIv C^aj Hm^okdpsS
ssIhiapsn Atln\v AXv \ImhpXt ?

]uc BhiysSp hnhcw kl ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS ssIhi
apsn Atln\v AXv \IpXn\v XSan. Fm hnhcw \Im
A[nImcs hyn ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok BbXn\m Atlw
\Ip hnhcn\mWv B[nImcnIXbpXv.

69. ]e ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okamcpw HutZymKnI bm{XbnemsWn
At] kzoIcnm Hm^okn Dmbncnbn. CXv At] \ncknp
Xn\v Xpeyat ?

]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok HutZymKnI bm{XbnemsWpXv At]
kzoIcnmXncnpXnt\m adp]Sn XmaknnpXnt\m \ymboIcWa.
At] kzoIcnm kl ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok DmbncnWw.
15
Bhiysan Hne[nIw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok kl ]nIv
C^taj Hm^ok Fnhsc \nbanpXv DNnXamWv ( hIpv 5(2))

70. hnhc e`yXbvmbn P\ Ghpw A[nIw kao]np s]mXp A[nImcn
IfmWv hntPv Hm^okpw, {Kma ]mbpw ap\nknmennbpw Cu s]mXp A[n
ImcnI Hmtcmnepambn 2500 e[nIw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okamsc \nb
anpI FpXmWv {]mtbmKnIamtWm ?

{]mtbmKnIamWv. Fm ]pXnb XkvXnI BhiyanmsX \nehnep DtZymK
sc Cu NpaXe Gnm aXn.

71. km[\ kma{KnIfpsS kmn \IpXn\p \]Sn{Iaw FmWv ?

kmn FSpm ]uc\v hnhcmhImi \nbaw A[nImcw \Ippv. Fm
hnhcmhImi \nban km[\ kma{KnIfpsS kmn \IpXv kw_nv
{]tXyI \S]Sn{Ia ]dnn. FSpp kmn ]ucs Adnhn\v am{Xam
sWn Imcy efnXamWv. Fm e`np kmn Iptfm Ipdhp
Itfm DXmsWn AXnt ap \nba A\pkcnv \S]Sn kzoIcnmw.
DZmlcWn\v tdj ISbn hnXcWw sNpXn\v {]Jym]ns Acnb
hnXcWw sNpsXv Ccns. kmn ]cntim[nptm ]uc\v hnhcw
a\nemIpw. Fm tamis Acn hnXcWw sNpXns t]cn ]uc
]cmXnbpambn t]mbm Hcp ]t tdj ISmc icnbmb AcnbmWv hnX
cWw sNpsXpw ]ucs ssIhiap kmn kw_nv X\nv Dc
hmZnXzanspw hmZntmw. CXn\v ]cnlmcambn `Wn ambw tN
\ntcm[\ \nba{]Imcap apIcpXepIfpw \S]SnIfpw thn hcpw. kmn
FSppXv cp kmnIfpsS kmnynembncnpw aqv kmnfpI
FSpv Hmtcmpw `wKnbmbn s]mXnvsIn ko hv Hv ISmc\v sImSpp
Ibpw Hv ]cmXnmc A{]Imcw ko sNbvXv ]cmXntbmsSmw kanp
Ibpw Hv ]cmXnmc ssIhiw kqnv At\zjW kabv lmPcmp
Ibpw sNmw. C{]Imcw kmn FSp hnhcn\v alk t]mep dntmv
Xmdmn kmnIsfsmv HnSphnpIbpw Hcp kmn ISmc
ssIhiw hXn\v ISmcs Hp hmpIbpw HnSphm hnkXnm B
hnhcw IqSn alkdn FgpXn tNmw. tISphcp hkvXpfpsS kmn
tiJcnptm Ah tISphcmsX kqnpXn\v tNt Preservative
\nnX A\p]mXn tNv ambw tN \ntcm[\ \nbaw A\pimkn
p Xcnep ]m{Xn `{Zambn kqntnhcpw. s]mXp m]\
hnXcWw sNp hkvXppw \nnp hkvXppw \nnX\nehmcw
DmbncnWw. kmn tiJcnpXv \nnX KpW\nehmcw Dtm Fv Xn
sSppXn\pw KpW\nehmcw Csn Ac \S]SnI kzoIcnpXn\pw
Xqew kmn tiJcWw \nbam[njvSnXambncpm am{Xta AXpsImv Dt
in ^ew e`npIbpq. tI{ kmcnt\m kwm\ kmcnt\m N
hgn Ah hnhcmhImi \nbans Iogn hcpmw.

72. acmav ]WnIfpsS \nnX hkvXpfpsS kmn tiJcnptm
\nnX hkvXpv tISp]mSpI kw`hnm km[yXbpv Ans\bp
kmlNcyfn At] \ncknmhpXmtWm ?

hnhcw tiJcnpXpaqew BkvXnIv tISphcppshn At] AwKoI
cntXn Fm \nnXn \Sp kabv kmn tiJcnp \Im
apIqn At] \IpIbpw \nmW kma{KnIfpsS kmn \nmWn\v
ap]v tiJcnpIbpw sNpw. (hIpv 7(a))

16
73. Zmcn{ZytcJbvv Xmsgbphv ^oknfhv \nbaw A\phZnnpv. Fm
hnhcw \IpXn\v thn hcp Nnehv ^okmbn CuSmmtam ?

hnhcmhImi \nbans 6mw hIpv Hmw D]hIpn At]^okv kw_
n hyhIfpw 7mw hIpv 1mw D]hIpn \nns ^okv kw_n
hyhIfpw (Prescribed fees) 7(3) {]Imcw hnhcw e`yampXn\p IqSp
X ^okv kw_n hyhIfpw 7mw hIpv 5mw D]hIpn ASntm Ce
Ivt{SmWnv coXnbntem \IpXn\p hyhIfpw DsSpnbncnpp.
7mw hIpv 5mw D]hIpns Iognep hniZoIcWn Zmcn{ZytcJbvv
Xmsgbphv ^oknfhv {]Jym]nnpXv. 6(1) {]Imchpw 7(1), (5) {]Imchp
ap ^okpIfmWv. 7(3) {]Imcap ^okv Hgnhmnbnn. AXmbXv 7(3) D]h
Ipv {]Imcw hnhcw \IpXn\p Nnehntembn Npap ^okv Fm
hpw _m[IamWv. Cu D]hIpv 7(1) D]hIpns\ DtinmtWm AtXm N
{]Imcw \nbnsSmXpw Hmtcm Imcyn\pw hnhcw \IpXn\p
thn hcp IqSpX Nnehns\ DtinmtWm F Imcyn A`n{]mbhy
Xymkapv. cmaXv ]cmain hn`mKw ^okn\v Hgnhv C F A`n{]mbn
\mWv IqSpX in. DZm dnkv _mns kz tiJcns kmn
(hIpv (1) 7(1) 7(3) 7(5) ).

74. Zmcn{Zy tcJbvv Xmsgbp At]I ^oknfhn\mbn sXfnhv lmPcm
Ww. Fm ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS ssIhiw _n ]n F env
e`yamnbm At]I\v IqSpX kuIcyat ?

]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS ssIn _n ]n F e`yampIsbXv
{]mtbmKnIa. GItZiw 75 etmfw t] Dsmp _n ]n F
enkvn \nv At]Is\ IspI Ffpa am{Xa _n ]n F env
F, Zmcn{ZytcJbvv Xmsgbph FmWv \nbanse ]cmaiw. Zmcn{Zy
tcJbvv Xmsg FpXn\p sXfnhpIfn Hp am{XamWv _n. ]n. F.
env. AXpam{Xa CUybnse GsXmcp ]uc\pw CUybnep GXp s]mXp
A[nImcn apmsIbpw At] kanm AhImiapv AXpsImv At]
I Xs _sv sXfnhv lmPcmpXmWv DNnXw.

75. Htc]I At] ^okSXn\p sXfnthm, ^oknfhv {]tbmP\sSp
m _n. ]n. F. kn^ntm lmPcmnbnn. Hcp ]_vfnIv C^taj
Hm^okv Cu At] \ncknmtam? kl ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdm
sWn A]qmb Cu At] PIO kanmXncnmtam ?

At] ]qamIWsan At] ^okv ASbvpItbm Asn Zmcn{Zy
tcJbvv XmsgbpbmfmsWv sXfnbnpItbm thWw. A]qamb At]
kanbmtfmSv AXv sXfnbnm BhiysSmw. AXv sXfnbnsSp
apdbvv At] ]cnKWnm aXn. Fm F{Xbpw thKw AXn\p \S]Sn
kzoIcnWw. At] \ncknpItbm A]qamsWnt]mepw bmsXmcp \S
]Snbpw kzoIcnmXncntbm sNbvXm inW\S]Snv kmyXbpv

76. At]m ^okv, hnhcw \IpXn\p ^okv, Fnh GXp coXnbnemWv
PIO CuSmpXv. ?

Nfn hyh sNbvXnpv. (7mw tNmZyns Dcw ImWpI)

77. Bhiys hnhcw \nnX kab]cn[nbvpn \Im]w hnhcw
kuP\yambn \IWw Fv \nbaw A\pimknpp As\bp kmlNcy
n AS^okv F{]Imcw aSnsImSpmw ?
17

Bhiys hnhcw kab]cn[n IgnmWv \IpsXn AXv kuP\yambn
\IWsav \nbaw A\pimknppv. Fm As\bp kml
Ncyn AS ^okv F{]Imcw aSnsImSpmsav IrXyamb hyhI
\nbanen. ]Wamb AS XpI aSnsImSpm dh\yq do^n\p hyh
I kmnI tImUpIfn Dv.

78. hnhcw e`yampXn\v thn hcp IqSpX ^okSm Hcp At]I
XmdmImXn\m \nnX kab]cn[nIw hnhcw \Im Ignbpn. Xma
kn\v PIO bpsS t]cn inW \S]Sn DmIptam ?

hnhcw e`yampXn\v thn hcp IqSpX ^okSm At]It\mSv
Bhiys XobXnbvpw At]I B ^okSbvp XobXnbvpw CS
bvp kabw, \nnX kab]cn[n IWmpXn\v ]cnKWntXn
FmWv hyh. Xqew Xmakn\v ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS
t]cn \S]Snv km[yXbn. (hIpv 7(3) (2)).

79. At]I ^okSbvm XmdmImXn\m PIO At] \ncknpp.
Fmbncnpw XpSp \S]SnI ?

At]I\v hnhcw \IpXn\mhiyamb ^okbSvm A\phZn kab]
cn[n Ignm Cu ImcWm At] \ncknXmb hnhchpw Ao
\ImhpXmsW hnhchpw Ao \IpXn\p hniZmwifpw At]
Is\ Adnbn ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv At] Xommw
(hIpv 7(1) (3) (8))

80. Hcp hynbpsS Pohs\tbm kzmX{ystbm _m[np hnhcw kw
_n At]bnt ^okv ASpXn\p \S]Sn{Iahpw kab]cn[nbpw
Fns\ ]mensSmw ?

Hcp hynbpsS Pohs\tbm kzmX{ystbm _m[np hnhcw kw_n
At]bnt ^okv ASbvpXn\p \S]Sn{Iahpw kab]cn[nbpw kw_
nv \nban hyh sNbvXnn. ]qamb At]bpw \nbn
^okvSbvepw ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oksd kw_nnStmfw At]
bnt \S]Sn kzoIcnm Bhiyamb ImcyfmWv. Cns\bp At]
At]I t\cnv \Im\mWv kmyX. Atm ^okns {]iv\w ]cnlcnm
hpXmWv.

81. At]I BhiysSp hnhc At]Is Poht\tbm kzmX{y
stbm _m[npXmsWv PIO Fns\ Adnbpw. Asn Hct]I 48
aWnqdn\Iw hnhcw \Im ]w BlXy sNpsav `ojWnsSpp
p. Ans\bp At]I\v 48 aWnqdn\Iw hnhcw \IWsav \n_
aptm ?

BhiysSp hnhcw Hcp hynbpsS Poht\tbm kzmX{ystbm, _m[np
XmsWn 48 aWnqdn\Iw \IWw FmWv \nbahyh. Xqew hnhcw
BhiysSpbmsfm Cmcyn DchmZnXzw hnhcw \tIbmp
v. ChnsS ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS hnthN\m[nImcn\pw Da
hnizmkn\pamWv IqSpX {]kn. \nbaw ]utcmpJamIbm hnthN\m[n
Imcw hn\ntbmKnptm AXv ]uc\v A\pIqeambnmbncnWsaImcyw
HmtXmWv.

18
82. DtZymK Xsfbpw XfpsS IpSpw_sbpw kw_n hnhc
\tIXptm ? s]mXpP\v A{]Imcap hnhc BhiysSmtam
?Ah sImSpWsav \n_aptm ?

Hcp s]mXp A[nImcn s]mXp A[nImcn F \nebn Xs ssIhiapXpw
\nb{Wnepap hnhc \Im\mWv _m[y, hyn F \nebne
XnIpw hyn]camb ImcyfmWv Xsbpw IpSpw_sbpw kw_nph.
Ah s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhiap hnhc A. Xqew Ah \tI
Xn. Fm s]mXp Xmev]cyn\v IqSpX {]m_eyw Dsn hnhcw
\tInbncnpp. (hIpv 8(1) (2)).

83. 20 hjw Ignm clky kz`mhap hnhcfpw \IWsav 8(2)
hIpv A\pimknpp. clky kz`mhanm hnhc 20 hjw Ignm
\tIXptm ? Ah \Im Ignbm kmlNcyn PIO inns
Sptam ?

s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhiap GsXmcp hnhchpw ]uc Bhiysm
\IWw. tcJI kqnpXn\p Imemh[n \nbnpsImv am\hep
Ifpw tImUpIfpw \nehnepXpsImv B Imemh[n hsc tcJI kqnp
Ibpw ]uc\v e`yampIbpw sNWw. Fm ImelcWsp F ImcW
m ssIhiap hnhcw \ImXncnpXn\v \ymboIcWan ImelcWs
h \innXn\m sImSpm IgnbmXns t]cn \S]Snbn Fp am{Xw.

84. sInSfpsSbpw, ]mew apXemb {][m\s \nmW {]hrnIfpsSbpw
m\pw Unssk\pw BhiysSpIbpw Ah \IpIbpw sNpXpaqew e`np
bm Ah kzw kmnIem`n\mbn {]tbmP\sSppsav PIO bvv
Bi DmbncnpIbpw sNptm Ans\bp hnhcw \tIXptm
?

hnhcw \IpXv BkvXnbpsS kpc hym]mcclkyw _unImhImiw
aqmw InbpsS acmh Fnhbvpw s]mXp Xmev]cyn\pw lm\n
Xm hn[n kwcWapv. ChbpsS Iogn hcm hnhc e`nm
]uc\v AhImiapXv \ntj[nm ]mSn.

85. hnhcmhImi Iojs Xocpam\ \n_]qw A\pkcntXpw
\nba{]m_eyapXpw dqfnwKv F \nebn DcnmhpXpamtWm ?

kwm\ hnhcmhImi Iojs Xocpam\ \n_]qw A\pkcnt
Xpw \nba{]m_eyapXpw dqfnwKv F \nebn DcnmhpXpamWv.
(hIpv 19(7) 18(3) 19(8) 21,22,23 )

86. hmmep D]tZifpsS hnhcw ]uc Bhiysm \tIXptm ?

s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhiap hnhcfmWv hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw
]uc\v e`yamImhph Fm hmmep \ntiw ]noSv tcJbmbn cq]m
csSm kmlNcyn \IWsav \n_an.

87. Iym_n\v N kw_n tcJI \tIXptm ?

Iym_n\v NI kw_n tcJI \ItXXn. Fm a{nk`m
Xocpam\ AXn\p ImcW Xocpam\ ssIsmm B[mcam
nb hkvXpXI Fnh Im_n\v Xocpam\n\v tijw shfnsSptXm
Wv.
19

88. A{]Imcw sNbvXXv FpsImmWv, BcmWv DchmZn XpSnb tNmZy
v hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw Dcw \tIXptm ?

FpsImmWv Hcp Imcyw A{]Imcw sNbvXXv ? BcmWv DchmZn XpSnb
Imcy tcJI {]Imcw hyamIppsn At]I\v AXv \tI
XmWv.

89. tImSXnbpsS ]cnKW\bnencnp Imcysf kw_n hnhc
\Imtam ?

Hct]I Bhiys hnhcw tImSXnbpsS ]cnKW\bnencnp ImcyamsW
n Ah \IpXv tImeyamIpnsn \tIXmWv.

90. shbnnwKv enkvnep KpWt`mmfpsS hnhcw \tIXptm ?

shbnnwKv enkvnep KpWt`mmfpsS hnhcw ]uc BhiysSpIbmsW
n Xobmbpw \tIXmWv

91. At]Is t]cv, Hv, At] ^okv ASXn\v sXfnhv Fnhbnm
At] ]cnKWntXptm ?

At]Is t]cv, Hv, At] ^okv, ASXn\v sXfnhv Fnhbnm
At] ]cnKWntXn Fm At]bnt Cu hnhc tasegp
mbn tcJsSpn ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok Xop Iev]nWw.

92. Ao ]cnKWnptm hoens\ GsSpmtam ?

Ao ]cnKWnptm hoens\ GsSppXv kw_n hnhcmhImi
\nban kv]jvSamb hyhIfn. Fm tIcf km hnm]\w
sNbvX Ao \S]SnI kw_n Nfn Hcp Ao At]I\v Ao
epambn _s Imcyv GsXmcmfpsSbpw klmbw tXSpsapw Ao
hnNmcW kabv lmPcmIm asmcp hynsb bYmhn[n NpaXesSpm
sapw hyhkvY sNbvXnpv (hIpv 7(2) (4)).

93. At]I hnhcw tiJcnm FntNcpn. At]Is tahnemk
n AbpsImSptXptm ?

At]I hnhcw tiJcnm Fntcm k`n Atlns
tahnemkn AbpsImSppXv kw_nv \nban hyambn hyh
Ifn. Fm Bhiys hnhcw kab]cn[npn \IWsavv \nbaw
\njvIjnpp. At] kanptm hnhcw t\cnv ssIptam, X]m
hgn AbbvWtam F hnhcw At\zjnpIbpw X]m hgn AbtXp
sn tahnemkw FgpXn aXnbmb mp ]Xn Ih At]tbmsSmw
hmmhpXpamWv. hnhcw \IpXn\p ^okv CuSmptmgpw AXv sNm
hpXmWv ImcWw, At]tbm ]Iv \Item kuP\yan.

94. Hcp At] {]Imcw tNmZnmhp hnhcfpsS Fn\v ]cnanXnbptm
?

Hcp At] {]Imcw tNmZnmhp hnhcfpsS Fn\v ]cnanXnbn.

95. hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw tiJcn hnhcw ]uc ]{Xn {]knsSp
pp. ]ucs t]cn Fsnepw \S]Sn FSpptam ?
20

hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw tiJcn hnhcw ]uc ]{Xamyafn {]kns
SpnbXns t]cn Atlns\Xnsc bmsXmcp \S]Snbpw FSpm Ignbn.

96. Hcp hnhcw hnhcmhImi\nba {]Imcw tiJcnXmsWv hyamm h
kwhn[m\hpaptm ?

C. Fm hnhcw \IpXv kw_n av ]e \nba DXn\m Cu
\nba{]Imcw \Ip tcJIfn 2005 se hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw \Ip
Xv F tasegpv tNpXv DNnXambncnpw Bhiyamb N \nn
pbmsWn IqSpX B[nImcnIX DmIpw.
DZm Issued under Birth and Death Act

97. GsXmw XefnemWv ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok, kl ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^ok, Atev A[nImcn Fnhsc \nbantXv ?

]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok, kl ]nIv C^taj Hm^ok Fn
hsc Hmtcm `cW LSInepw Hm^oknepw \nbanWw. Atev AtXmdnn
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okdpsS apIfnep DtZymK\mbncnWw.

98. C^taj Ioj Xocpam\fnt ]cmXnbp]w ]cmXn ]cnlmc
n\p \S]Sn{Iaw FmWv ?

hnhcmhImi \nba {]Imcap bmsXmcp \S]SnIfntepw bmsXmcp
tImSXnbpw Hcp kyqtm At]tbm av \S]SnItfm kzoIcncpsXv \nbaw
A\pimknpp. am{Xa Cu BIvSv {]Imcap Hcp Ao aptJ\bmsX
Ah tNmZyw sNsSm ]mSpXpw A. (hIpv 23)

C^taj Ioj\v ]cmXnI ssIImcyw sNm 18mw hIpp {]Imchpw
Unmpsa Atev AtXmdnnbpsS Xocpam\fn Ao ssIImcyw
sNm 19(3) {]Imchpw A[nImcw Dv. C^taj Iojs Ao Xocp
am\w ]cmXnmcs\bpw s]mXp A[nImcntbbpw AdnbnpXns IqsS Ao
en\v AhImiapsp hnhchpw AdnbnWsav hyh sNbvXncnpp
18mw hIpn Iognepw 19mw hIpv 8mw D]hIpn Iognepw Ioj ]cmXn
Ifpw Ao \S]SnIfpw XompXn\v A\phnmhp \S]SnI hni
ZoIcnnp.v Fm 12mw D]hIpn Ioj \nbns coXnbnep
\S]Sn{Ia A\pkcnpp. ChbpsS ASnm\n Ioj\p Xs
XfpsS Xocpam\n\pta Ao ssIImcyw sNm Ignbptam FpXv
Xhnjbambn Ahtijnncnpp. {]tXyInpw tImSXnIfpsS A[nImc ]cn
[nbn \nv Cu \nba{]Imcap \S]SnIsf hnenbnp kmlNcyn
kmam\y \oXn Ddp hcpm C{]Imcw Hcp Ao Bhiyat F
tNmZyhpw \ne\npp.

99. Cu \nbans \Snv AhtemI\w sNm kwhn[m\aptm ?

hnhcmhImins \Snv AhtemI\w sNm kwhn[m\fpv.

Fm hjmhkm\nepw hnhcmhImi Ioj B hjs Cu
BIvSns \Snv kw_nv Hcp dntmv Xmdmn _s km
cn\v kanWw.
hnhcmhImi Ioj\pIfpsS dntmpI AXXp kmcpI _
s \nba\nmW k` apmtI hbvtXmWv
21
Fm a{mebfpw hIppIfpw AhchcpsS `cW koabnep s]mXp
A[nImcnIsf kw_np A{]Imcap dntmv Xmdmn AXXp
hIpns tcJbmbn kqnpIbpw _s hnhcmhImi Ioj\v
Hcp tImn kanpIbpw sNWw

dntmn Dmbncnt hnhc

Hmtcm s]mXp A[nImcntbmSpw Dbn BhiyfpsS Fw
At]I\v {]amWfntebvv e`yX kmyamImXncp Xocpam\
fpsS Fw Ah hnhn[ hyhIfpsS ASnm\n ]nIsSp
Ww.
hnhcmhImi Ioj\v Ab AoepIfpsS Fw ; AoepIfpsS
kz`mhw; ]cnkam]vXn hnhn[ ImcW\pkcnv ]nIsSpWw
DtZymKcpsS t]cn \S]Sn kzoIcnXns hnhc
hnhn[ ^okn\n Hmtcm s]mXp A[nImcnbpw ]ncn XpII
\nbans Xmev]cyhpw eyhpw \ndthm Hmtcm s]mXp A[nIm
cnbpw ssIsmv ]cn{ia
\nban ]cnjvImcw \SmpXv kw_n A\p`hns ASn
m\nep ip]miI

100. Imemh[n Ign dntmUpIfnep hnhc ]uc Bhiysm
\tIXptm ?

Hcp hIpn Hcp dntmUv kqnm \nbnnp ]camh[n Imemh[np
tijw Ah \innp Ignm As\bp dntmUpIfnse hnhc
e`yamXn\m ]uc\v sImSpm _s s]mXp A[nImcnv km[yXbn
(hIpv 2(j))

101. ]uc\v Bhiyap hnhcw GsXv hyambn At]bn tcJsSpt
Xptm ?

At]I s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ] \nv Fv hnhcamWv BhiysSp
Xv Fv IrXyhpw hyhpambncnWw CXp kqNnnpXv ]uc Hcp
hnhcw tNmZnptm As\ tNmZnp hnhcspdnv AXv \tI
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv kwibw DmIm coXnbn thWsa
mWv. DZmlcWn\v Hcp Hm^oknse ^bepI ]cntim[nWsav ]dbp
tm GsXms ^b ? (AYhm) Fp hnhcw Dsmp ^b XpSn
bh.

102. Hcp Hm^okn ]uc Bhiys tcJ Cwojn DXmWv AXv aebmf
n thWsav At]I Bhiysm As\ \ItWm ?

]uc Bhiys tcJ Atlw Bhiys `mjbn s]mXp A[nImcn \I
WsamWv ASpnsS tI{ hnhcmhImi Ioj Hcp tIkn hn[nXv. DZm
lcWn\v Cwojnep Hcp hnhcw lnnbn ]cnh\w sNbvXp At]
Is\ Adnbnm\mWv BhiysXv

103. Hcp m]\ns UbdIvS AYhm sk{Idn F \nebn B m\
t]cp D]tbmKnv F\nv Hcp Hm^okn \nv hnhcw BhiysSmtam ?

22
hnhcmhImi \nbanse sk 3 {]Imcw hnhcn\v At]np hyn
I km[mcW CUy ]ucm F \nebn thWw At]nm.
AmsX GsXnepw Hcp kvYm]\ns UbdIvS AYhm sk{Idn F \ne
bn A. As\ Hcp m]\ns {]Xn\n[nbmbnmWv hnhcw tNmZnp
sXn B hynv Cu \nba{]Imcw hnhcw e`nm AhImian FmWv
tI{ hnhcmhImi Ioj Hcp tIkn hn[nXv.

104. Hcp I\nv / m]\n\v s]mXp A[nImcnbn \nv hnhcw Bhiys
Smtam ?

hnhcw BhiysSp At]I Hcp hyn AmXncnpIbpw AXv Hcp
I\n / m]\w BbncnpIbpw sNp k`n Cu \nbaa\pkcnv
B I\nv/ m]\n\v {]kvXpX hnhcw e`nm AhImian

105. Hcp hyn s]mXp A[nImcnv Hcp At] kanpIbpw B At]
bn Atlns A`n{]mbfpw \ntifpw BhiysSpIbpw sNbvXm
AXv \tIXptm ?

hnhcmhImi \nbans sk 4(1) (d) bn ]dncnp {]Imcw Hcp
]uc BhiySp hnhcw \Im\mWv s]mXp A[nImcnv _myX. AmsX
s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS A`n{]mbfpw \ntifpa. AXn\m Hcp Imcyn
ep s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS A`n{]mbfpw \ntifpw hnhcmhImi \nbaa
\pkcnv Bhiysm Atlw \tIXn.

106. s]mXp A[nImcn kzta[bm {]knoIcnt hnhc BhiysSp
tm AXn\v ^okv \IWtam ?

hnhcmhImins sk 4(1) (d) {]Imcw Hcp s]mXp A[nImcn \nbaw
{]m_eyn hXp apX 120 Znhkn\Iw kzta[bm {]knoIcnt
(A\p_w 1 ImWpI) Hcp hnhcamWv ]uc BhiysSpsXn As\
]mSp hnhcw ]uc\v \Iptm AXn\v ^okv CuSmm ]mSn.

107. ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv e`n At]bn AhyX Dsn
Fv sNmw ? AXpt]mse At]I\v hnhcw \IpXn\v av DtZymKcpsS
tkh\w tXSm ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv Ignbptam ?

]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^okv e`n At]bn AhyX Dsv
tXmp]w Atln\v At]It\msSmancpv AXn\v IqSpX hyX
bpmn FSpmw. AXpt]mse ]uc\v hnhcw \IpXntev ]_vfnIv
C^taj Hm^okv Xs m]\nse av GsXmcp DtZymKsbpw
klmbw tXSmhpXmWv.

108. hnhcw Bhiysp sNp hyntbmSv ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok
tamiambn s]cpamdnbm Fp sNmw ?

hnhcw tNmZnpsNp Hcp hyntbmSv s]mXp A[nImcntbm Atlns
m]\ntem Dh A]acymZbmbn s]mcpamdpXv \nbans sk
5(3)t\mSv Imp ewL\amWv. CXv bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw AwKoIcnmhp
X. IqSmsX As\bp s]mXp A[nImcn \nban ]dbp {]Imcw _
s At]I\v \jvS]cnlmcw \IWsav tI{ hnhcmhImi Ioj
hn[npIbpmbn.

23
109. Zmcn{ZytcJbvv Xmsgbph aphv ^oknfhn hnhcw tiJcnp
sImSpp CS\nemc\mIm\p kmyXbnt ?

hnhcmhImi \nbanse sk 7(5) {]Imcw Zmcn{ZytcJv Xmsgbphsc
10 cq] At]m ^okv \IpXn \npw hnhc \Iptm \tI
mb ^okn \nv Hgnhmnbnpv. Fm Zmcn{ZytcJbvv Xmsgbph
BhiysSp hnhcw \Ip GsXmcp s]mXp A[nImcnbpw Hcp Imcyw Ddm
Wsav ASpnsS \Snb Hcp tIkns hn[n \ymn tI{ hnhcmhImi
Ioj hn[npIbpmbn. AXmbXv Zmcn{ZytcJbvv Xmsgbph hnhcw
tNmZnptm AXv Ahv thnbmbncnWsapw AmsX aphp
thn ]Icmc\mbn hnhcw e`npXn\p ^okv Hgnhmn Inm CS\ne
mcmb Ch {]hpsXpw Ddp hcpWw.

110. t]meokns At\zjWnencnp Hcp tIkns hnhc ]uc Bh
iysm \IWtam ?

hnhcmhImi \nbans sk 8(1) (g) 8(1) (h) {]Imcw t]meokns At\z
jWnencnp (AXmbXv ]qoIcnm) Hcp tIkns hnhc
]uc Bhiysm \tIXn. ImcWw Acw shfnsSpepI
At\zjWns {]h\s {]XnIqeambn _m[nm km[yXbpv.

111. hnPnekv CIzbdn dntmns IsepI ]uc Bhiysm
\Imtam ?

hnPnekv dntmns tIm^nUjy `mKph HgnsI av hnhc
hnPnekv dntmns D]kwlmcw F coXnbn ]uc Bhiysm
\tIXmWv. CXv hnhcmhImi \nbans 8(1) (h) {]Imcw Hgnhmnbnn.

112. ]qnbmImsX s]UnwKnencnp hIpvXe At\zjWns hnhc
Bhiysm At]I\v \Imtam ?

hnhcmhImi \nbans 8(1) (h) {]Imcw ]qnbmIm hIpvXe At\zj
Wns hnhc At]I\v \tIXn.

113. Hcp aqmw InbpsS tIm^nUjy hnhcw ]uc Bhiysm
\IWtam ?

hnhcmhImi \nbaw sk 8(1) (j) {]Imcw Hcp aqmw Insb (ChnsS
aqmw In FXpsImptinpXv At]I\pw s]mXp A[nImcnbpw
Ignp aqmas hyntbm kvYm]\tam BWv) kw_n tIm^n
Ujy hnhcw s]mXp A[nImcn asmcp ]uc Bhiysm \tIXn.
DZmlcWn\v Hcp ]uc\v Atlhpambn sXmgn]ctam _nn\v]ctam Bbn
bmsXmcp _hpanm asmcp hynbpsS _mv Auv kw_n
hnhcw Bhiysm hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw _mv AXv \tIXn.

114. hIpXe At\zjWns dntmv hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw Hcp ]uc
Bhiysm \IWtam ?

hIpv Xe At\zjWns dntmv ]uc Bhiysm \tIXmWv.
Fm Nne \n_\I ChnsS ]mentXpv. DZmlcWn\v CXpambn
_s kmnItfbpw dntmn ]cmainnp av hynItfbpw kwc
npXn\v AhcpsS t]cv At]I\v \IcpXv.

24
115. CUy {]knUpw kp{]ow tImSXn No^v Pkvnkpambn \Snb NI
fpsS hnhcw hnhcmhImi \nbaa\pkcnv Hcp ]uc Bhiysm \I
Wtam ?

hnhcmhImi \nbans sk 8(1) (c) 11(1) Fnh {]Imchpw CUy `c
WLS\bpsS Bnn 124(2) {]Imchpw CUy {]knUpw kp{]ow tImSXn
No^v Pkvnkpambn \Snb NIfpsS hnhcw ]uc Bhiysm shfns
Spphm ]mSn.

116. ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok hnhcw \ntj[np kmlNcyn
ImcWw ImWnWtam ?

]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^ok hnhcw \ntj[np kmlNcyn Fp
sImmWv At]Is hnhcw BhiyspsImp At] \ncknsXv
hyamb ImcWw At]I\v AdnbntXmWv

117. Hcp aqmw Inv Atls kw_n hnhcw ]nIv C^taj
Hm^oktdm s]mXp A[nImcntbm shfnsSpcpsXv BhiysSm A[nImc
aptm ?

Hcp aqmw Inv Atls kw_n hnhcw shfnsSpcpsXv
]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oktdmtSm s]mXp A[nImcntbmtSm BhiysSm
hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw A[nImcan. Fm As\bp Ahkcn
aqmw InbpsS Imcyw \nbans sk 8(1) (j) 11(1) Fnh {]Imcw
hnebncppIbpw At]I Bhiys hnhcw shfnsSppXv XSnn
sv DdphcppIbpw thWw. shfnsSppXv XSnpXmsWn
As\bp hnhcw \IpXv aqmw Inv kw`hnmhp tZmjsf
mfpw IqSpX {]m[m\yw s]mXp Xmev]cyn\msWn Acw hnhc
\ImhpXmWv. Fm Xocpam\saSppXn\papv CXpambn _s
Fm hkvXpXIsfpdnpw kmlNcysfpdnpw s]mXp A[nImcn \mbn
]TnpIbpw a\nempIbpw thWw.

118. Ao kabv At]I\v ]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oktdmSv Bhiy
sXn\p ]pdta assnepw hnhc IqSpXembn BhiysSptam ?

]_vfnIv C^taj Hm^oktdmSv Bhiy sXn\p ]pdta av IqSpX hnhc
At]I\v Ao kabv BhiysSm ]mSn. am{Xa Ao
Ftmgpw efnXamb `mjbn XmdmnbXmbncnWsapw Ah lrkzambncn
Wsapw kmtXnI ]Zfpw hnhcWhpw IgnhXpw HgnhmWsapw ASp
nsS tI{ hnhcmhImi Ioj \Snb Hcp hn[nbn NqnmWnpIbp
mbn.

119. hnhcw \IpXv XmaknnpXv icnbmb ImcWfmsWn \ymboIcn
m km[nptam ?

Nne AXymhiy Hm^okv NpaXeI \ndthpXn s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS
Hm^oknse DtZymK GsncnpXn\memWv (DZmlcWw hIpp Xe
_UvPv Xmdm) At]I Bhiys hnhcw \IpXn\v s]mXp
A[nImcn Xmakw hcpnsbn As\bp A]cm[w anmhpXm
sWv tI{ hnhcmhImi Ioj Hcp hn[n \ymbn A`n{]mbsSpIbp
mbn

120. Hmw Ao A[nImcnsXnsc \S]Snv km[yXbptm ?
25

hnhcmhImi \nbans ]o\ s{]mhnjkns Iogn Cv Ao A[n
Imcn hcpn. Cu Imcyn s]mXp Xmev]cyw DbnnSnpXn ]cmPb
sSpIbmWpmbXv. Fm Cs\sbmcp tIkn hnhcmhImi \nbans
20mw sks taJe hnimeamnsmv Aoe[nImcnsXnsc \S]SnsbSp
m tI{ hnhcmhImi Ioj \ntinpIbpmbn.

121. Hcp ]uc At]bn Xs t]cp \IpIbpw _mn A{Uv asmcp
m]\ns \IpIbpw sNbvXm As\bp At] kzoIcnmtam ?

At]np hynbpsS t]cpsn Xobmbpw AXv kzoIcntXmWv.
_mn A{Uv Hcp m]\nsXmWv F ImcWm m]\amWv Cu
hnhcw BhiyssXv ]dv \ncknm ]mSn.

122. hnhcmhImi Ioj\nse HcwKns Xocpam\n\v km[pXbptm ?

hnhcmhImi Iojs apmsI hcp tIkpIsfmw Xs Ioj\nse
Fmw AwKfpw DsSp ^p s_v Xs ssIImcyw sNWsav \nba
n ]dbpn. BbXn\m Ioj\nse HcwKw Dsmp s_n\v Ao
epI tIpIbpw Ahbvv Xocpam\sfSppIbpw sNmw.


\n klmbn , t]cqS.]n.H, Xncph]pcw