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Example of a Simple ABAP ALV Grid Report

REPORT ZTUFI091 .
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZDEMO_ALVGRID *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& Example of a simple ALV Grid Report *
*& ................................... *
*& *
*& The basic requirement for this demo is to display a number of *
*& fields from the EKKO table. *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*REPORT zdemo_alvgrid .

TABLES: ekko.

type-pools: slis. "ALV Declarations
*Data Declaration
*----------------
TYPES: BEGIN OF t_ekko,
ebeln TYPE ekpo-ebeln,
ebelp TYPE ekpo-ebelp,
statu TYPE ekpo-statu,
aedat TYPE ekpo-aedat,
matnr TYPE ekpo-matnr,
menge TYPE ekpo-menge,
meins TYPE ekpo-meins,
netpr TYPE ekpo-netpr,
peinh TYPE ekpo-peinh,
END OF t_ekko.

DATA: it_ekko TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_ekko INITIAL SIZE 0,
wa_ekko TYPE t_ekko.

*ALV data declarations
data: fieldcatalog type slis_t_fieldcat_alv with header line,
gd_tab_group type slis_t_sp_group_alv,
gd_layout type slis_layout_alv,
gd_repid like sy-repid,
gt_events type slis_t_event,
gd_prntparams type slis_print_alv.


************************************************************************
*Start-of-selection.
START-OF-SELECTION.

perform data_retrieval.
perform build_fieldcatalog.
perform build_layout.
perform build_events.
perform build_print_params.
perform display_alv_report.


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form BUILD_FIELDCATALOG
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* Build Fieldcatalog for ALV Report
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form build_fieldcatalog.

* There are a number of ways to create a fieldcat.
* For the purpose of this example i will build the fieldcatalog manualy
* by populating the internal table fields individually and then
* appending the rows. This method can be the most time consuming but can
* also allow you more control of the final product.

* Beware though, you need to ensure that all fields required are
* populated. When using some of functionality available via ALV, such as
* total. You may need to provide more information than if you were
* simply displaying the result
* I.e. Field type may be required in-order for
* the 'TOTAL' function to work.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'EBELN'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Purchase Order'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 0.
fieldcatalog-outputlen = 10.
fieldcatalog-emphasize = 'X'.
fieldcatalog-key = 'X'.
* fieldcatalog-do_sum = 'X'.
* fieldcatalog-no_zero = 'X'.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'EBELP'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'PO Item'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 1.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'STATU'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Status'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 2.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'AEDAT'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Item change date'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 3.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'MATNR'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Material Number'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 4.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'MENGE'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'PO quantity'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 5.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'MEINS'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Order Unit'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 6.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'NETPR'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Net Price'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 7.
fieldcatalog-outputlen = 15.
fieldcatalog-datatype = 'CURR'.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.

fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'PEINH'.
fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Price Unit'.
fieldcatalog-col_pos = 8.
append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
clear fieldcatalog.
endform. " BUILD_FIELDCATALOG


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form BUILD_LAYOUT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* Build layout for ALV grid report
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form build_layout.
gd_layout-no_input = 'X'.
gd_layout-colwidth_optimize = 'X'.
gd_layout-totals_text = 'Totals'(201).
* gd_layout-totals_only = 'X'.
* gd_layout-f2code = 'DISP'. "Sets fcode for when double
* "click(press f2)
* gd_layout-zebra = 'X'.
* gd_layout-group_change_edit = 'X'.
* gd_layout-header_text = 'helllllo'.
endform. " BUILD_LAYOUT


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* Display report using ALV grid
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form display_alv_report.
gd_repid = sy-repid.
call function 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY'
exporting
i_callback_program = gd_repid
i_callback_top_of_page = 'TOP-OF-PAGE' "see FORM
i_callback_user_command = 'USER_COMMAND'
* i_grid_title = outtext
is_layout = gd_layout
it_fieldcat = fieldcatalog[]
* it_special_groups = gd_tabgroup
it_events = gt_events
is_print = gd_prntparams
i_save = 'X'
* is_variant = z_template
tables
t_outtab = it_ekko
exceptions
program_error = 1
others = 2.
if sy-subrc <> 0.
* MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
* WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
endif.
endform.