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Code No: 54118/MT
M.Tech., I-Semester Regular Examinations, March-2008.
(Common to Digital Electronics & Communication Systems,
Wireless & Mobile Communication)

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 60

Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks.

1.a) Define the DFT and prove the circular symmetry of it.
b) Determine the following sequence using the DFT and IDFT
x3 (n) = x1 (n) ⊗ x2 (n)
x1 (n) = [1, 2, 3, 1]
x2 (n) = [ 4, 3, 2, 2]
c) What is the difference between overlap-save method and overlap-
add method of linear FIR filtering?

2.a) Compute the eight point DFT of the sequence
⎧1 1 1 1 ⎫
x(n) = ⎨ , , , , 0, 0, 0, 0 ⎬
⎩2 2 2 2 ⎭
Using the in-place radix-2 decimation-in-frequency algorithm.
b) Explain how the Goertzel algorithm is attractive when the DFT
computed at M ≤ log2 N.

3.a) An IIR digital Low-Pass filter is required to meet the following
Pass band ripple: ≤ 0.5 dB
Pass band edge : 1.2 kHz
Stop band attenuation: ≥ 40 dB
Stop band edge: 2.0 kHz
Sample rate: 8.0 kHz
Determine the required filter order for a digital Butterworth filter.
b) Draw and Explain the Lattice-ladder structure for the realization of
a pole-zero system.

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4.a) Determine the coefficients of a linear phase FIR filter of length
M=15 which has a symmetric unit sample response that satisfies
⎧ 1 k = 0,1, 2,3
⎛ 2π k ⎞ ⎪
the conditions H r ⎜ ⎟ = ⎨0.4 k=4
⎝ 15 ⎠ ⎪
⎩0 k = 5, 6, 7
b) Determine the poles and zeros of a FIR filter using least-squares

5.a) Explain the method of increasing sampling rate by an integer
factor I
b) Draw and explain the structure of Direct-form realization of FIR
filter in sampling rate conversion by factor I/D.

6.a) Derive the mean and variance of the power spectral estimate of the
Blackman and Tukey method.
b) The discrete time sequence is given by
x(n) = sin 2π (0.12)n + cos 2π (0.122)n where n = 0,1,….15
Evaluate the power spectrum at frequencies f k = and k = 0,1.....15
7.a) Give the relationship between input and output power spectral
density of a linear system.
b) For the AR process of order two
x(n) = a1 x(n − 1) + a2 x (n − 2) + w(n)
where a1 and a2 are constants and {w(n)} is a white noise process of
zero mean and varice σ 2 . Calculate the mean and auto correlation
of { x(n)} .

8.a) What are the effects of finite word length in digital filters?
b) Explain the effects of Quantisation in Analog-to-Digital conversion
of signals?