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Code No: 54118/MT M.Tech., I-Semester Regular Examinations, March-2008. ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING (Common to Digital Electronics & Communication Systems, Wireless & Mobile Communication) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks. --1.a) b) Define the DFT and prove the circular symmetry of it. Determine the following sequence using the DFT and IDFT x3 (n) = x1 (n) ⊗ x2 (n) Max. Marks: 60

x1 (n) = [1, 2, 3, 1]

x2 (n) = [ 4, 3, 2, 2] c) What is the difference between overlap-save method and overlapadd method of linear FIR filtering?
2.a) Compute the eight point DFT of the sequence ⎧1 1 1 1 ⎫ x(n) = ⎨ , , , , 0, 0, 0, 0 ⎬ ⎩2 2 2 2 ⎭ Using the in-place radix-2 decimation-in-frequency algorithm. Explain how the Goertzel algorithm is attractive when the DFT computed at M ≤ log2 N. An IIR digital Low-Pass filter is required to meet the following specifications: Pass band ripple: ≤ 0.5 dB Pass band edge : 1.2 kHz Stop band attenuation: ≥ 40 dB Stop band edge: 2.0 kHz Sample rate: 8.0 kHz Determine the required filter order for a digital Butterworth filter. Draw and Explain the Lattice-ladder structure for the realization of a pole-zero system.

b) 3.a)

b)

(Contd…2)

-24.a)

Code No: 54118/MT

Determine the coefficients of a linear phase FIR filter of length M=15 which has a symmetric unit sample response that satisfies ⎧ 1 k = 0,1, 2,3 ⎛ 2π k ⎞ ⎪ the conditions H r ⎜ k=4 ⎟ = ⎨0.4 ⎝ 15 ⎠ ⎪ k = 5, 6, 7 ⎩0 b) Determine the poles and zeros of a FIR filter using least-squares method. Explain the method of increasing sampling rate by an integer factor I Draw and explain the structure of Direct-form realization of FIR filter in sampling rate conversion by factor I/D. Derive the mean and variance of the power spectral estimate of the Blackman and Tukey method. The discrete time sequence is given by x(n) = sin 2π (0.12)n + cos 2π (0.122)n where n = 0,1,….15 k and k = 0,1.....15 Evaluate the power spectrum at frequencies f k = 16 Give the relationship between input and output power spectral density of a linear system. For the AR process of order two x(n) = a1 x(n − 1) + a2 x (n − 2) + w(n) where a1 and a2 are constants and {w(n)} is a white noise process of zero mean and varice σ 2 . Calculate the mean and auto correlation of { x(n)} .

5.a) b) 6.a) b)

7.a) b)

8.a) b)

What are the effects of finite word length in digital filters? Explain the effects of Quantisation in Analog-to-Digital conversion of signals?

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