Vitamin B12

Jakia Iverson-Mason
HW499:Bachelors Capstone in
Health and Wellness

Vitamin B-12

This Slideshow will cover the vitamin B12. It will briefly go over the advantages
as well as the disadvantages of taking the vitamin. I’m going to cover the
different forms that the vitamin can come in and uncover any myths that
have been presented about the vitamin in the past. I hope you enjoy!

Feeling over worked and too tired to perform? A B-12
deficiency may be the answer.
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In the United States it is said that 40 percent of people between the ages of
26 and 83 have plasma B12 levels in the low normal range. 9 percent of them
were out right deficient, and 16 percent of them were near deficient. The
most interesting thing about this piece of information is that the lower levels
came from younger people as well as older people.

A little background on Vitamin B-12
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 B-12 can be found in foods such as meat, fish, and dairy products. It can
also be made in a laboratory, this is where Red bull, Monster, 5 hour
energy, other energy drinks come from. In 1968 The University of
Washington, did a study on rain and figured out that it was a source of B-
12. As a matter of fact all species of fresh water is comprised of B-12. This
makes fresh water a natural source of energy, and safe for all to consume
even children.

B-12 Deficiency is serious
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 A B-12 deficiency cannot be ignored. It can be the cost of memory loss
and other neurological disorders. The human body needs B12 to make red
blood cells, nerves, DNA and carry out other functions. The average adults
should get 2.4 micrograms per day. B-12 cannot be made by the body, it
has to be retrieved from foods, drinks, and supplements. People who are
at risk are vegans older people. Some peoples bodies simply wont absorb
the enough of the vitamin. Recognizing this deficiency can be very slow
to develop. The symtoms can be confusing and can come very quickly at
times. They are numbness, tingling in hands, legs, or feet, difficulty walking,
anemia, swollen, inflamed tongue, yellowed skin, difficulty thinking and
resoning, memory loss, paranoia or hallucinations, weakness, and fatigue.
A blood test can confirm this condition, but it is easily overlooked and
diagnosed as something else.

B-12 has lots of benefits, it’s well known for giving energy and
helping with memory.
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 B-12 is currently used for memory loss, Alzheimer’s disease; boosting mood,
energy, concentration, boosting the immune system, and slowing aging. It
is also used for heart disease, lowering high homocysteine levels, male
infertility, diabetes, sleep disorders, depression, mental disorders, weak
bones, AIDS, and other diseases.

Overuse of B-12 Vitamin
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 Getting B-12 from food is the safest way to get the vitamin into your
system. An overdose can be very dangerous. The mild side effects are
itchiness on different body parts and numbness, improper heart
functioning, giddiness and regular headaches. The more serious side
effects are increased risk of getting cancer, it can lead to leukemia in
patients that already have pernicious anemia, and if you are consuming a
diet that has a high concentration of cholesterol along with different
animal proteins, you stand a very high chance of getting cancer of the
esophagus and stomach.

Vitamin B-12 is pieced together as an elaborate molecular jigsaw
involving around 30 individual components.
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 B-12 is only made of bacteria! I know it doesn’t sound to appealing, but
it’s actually quite unique. Scientists have trained a friendly bacterium
called Bacillus megaterium to produce all of the components of the
anaerobic B12 pathway.

The truth about drinks containing B12
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 Though B12 is very good for you it can be disguised in a sugary caffeinated
drink that can make you gain weight and feel very sluggish. Make sure to
read the labels of the beverages that you choose to drink. This is why it is
better to eat your vitamins and herbs than it is to get them form outside
sources. If you are going to drink them make sure you are getting them
from a sugar free non caffeinated beverage. The FDA limits caffeine in
soda, but does NOT regulate energy drinks under any standards, so they
have no reputable agency or amount in them from America.
Cardiovascular and Wellness Nutritionists for the America Diabetic
Association said in an interview that B-vitamins don’t actually work in
energy drinks! Their exact words were “It’s brilliant marketing, but it doesn’t
have any basis.” Keep in mind that B-vitamins are WATER SOLUABLE and
need to be replaced daily!

B12 is compared to B6
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 B12 and B6 often are compared to and come as a pair. They are both
vital functioning of different pathways of the body.
 B vitamins are water soluble vitamins with different subcategories based on
their chemical structure. Both vitamins are effective in decreasing the
level of homo-cysteine in blood. The deficiency of both vitamins can
affect the neurological functions. Dietary deficiency is rare with vitamin B6
although serious and chronic shortage can cause disease Pellagra. B6 and
B12 are required for the nucleic acid metabolism, lipid metabolism etc.
Both reduce homo cysteine levels in the blood and are supplemented
through diet.

Why is B12 so Important?
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Vitamin B12 is a water soluble vitamin which plays an important role in the
functioning of the brain and nervous system, and in the formation of the red
blood cells. Structurally B12 is the most complicated vitamin of them all. B12
is involved in the metabolism of every cell in the body. B12 is not only needed
for synthesis and regulation of the fatty acids, its needed for energy
production also. B12 helps in maintain the nerve cell and the nervous system.
The vitamin has been found to be pertinent for the growth and development
of children.

What vegans can eat to get B12
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Vegans have a different set of rules when it comes to the consumption of
vitamins and proteins. Vegans are encouraged to eat foods fortified with B12
so that about one microgram if B12 is consumed three times a day with a few
hours in between will provide an adequate amount. Lots of label reading
will be needed to ensure adequacy. They have to take lots of supplements
to compensate for what they are lacking due to their strict diet.

What the elderly eat for B12
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Elderly are usually categorized with vegans in terms of diet. They usually have
a strict diet due to illness or their pallet. 30% of people over the age of 50
suffer from atrophic gastritis, a thinning of the stomach lining. This condition
reduces the amount of B12 absorbed by the small intestines. So just like
vegans they have to eat B12 fortified foods.

Children and B12 needs
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Most children in the U.S. have adequate intakes of B12. If a child is breastfed
by a vegan mother the child is likely to develop a B12 deficiency. A
deficiency could also occur if a child does not consume meat or dairy on a
regular basis, because these foods are a rich source of vitamin B12. The
Recommended dietary allowance is mcg for kids ages 1 to 3, 1.2, 1.2 mcg for
ages 4 to 8 and 1.8 mcg for ages 9 to 13. It’s very easy for children who are
picky eater to achieve the RDA of B12 due to most snack foods being vitamin
fortified, especially sugar cereals. Be careful when supplementing those new
yummy gummies vitamins to children, because they are the number one
known cause of overdose in small children in the world due to the wonderful
gummy taste. Eating your vitamins through food is the best way to obtain the
vitamins and herbs that your body needs.

Do athletes need more B12?
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In the past athletes have used B12 supplements in conjunction with other
supplements to boost energy, but it has shown no advantage. It has no
affect on athletic performance in the absence of nutritional deficit.

Vegetarian Athletes
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Strict Vegetarian Athletes would benefit greatly from taking a B12
supplement, because they are limited to natural foods. Vitamin fortified
cereal could serve as a dietary source of B12.

B12 is an important part of our diet