CULTURE- Global Connections

CGU 4U
1. Define globalization?

We now communicate and share each other's cultures through travel and trade,
transporting products around the world in hours or days. We are in a huge global economy where
something that happens in one area can have knock on effects worldwide. This process is called
globalisation.
Globalisation is the process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected
as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange. Globalisation has increased the
production of goods and services. The biggest companies are no longer national firms but
multinational companies with subsidiaries in many countries. Globalisation has been taking place
for hundreds of years, but has speeded up enormously over the last half-century.
Globalisation has resulted in:
 increased international trade
 exchange in cultural manifestations
 a company operating in more than one country
 greater dependence on the global economy
 freer movement of capital, goods, and services
 recognition of companies such as McDonalds and Starbucks in

2. How has globalization changed culture?

Globalization has propagated economic opportunity, elevated human rights and improved
access to information, technology and goods for people all over the world. Critics argue that
these benefits have come at a steep price: the sacrificing of regional cultural identity for Western
ideals.
Globalization can affect culture in a few basic ways. One interpretation suggests that
globalization disperses any and every culture throughout the world, making the planet more
heterogeneous, forging deeper connections between different groups. For example, teens in the
United States gain an understanding of Japanese culture through animation, comic books and
video games, while teens throughout Asia learn about the American way of life by watching U.S.
TV shows and movies.
Others argue that globalization makes culture more homogenous, leading to a unified
world culture that consists of watered-down versions of regional cultural trends. Japanese sushi
can be consumed in virtually any country in the world, and favorites from French pastries to
"American" fried chicken can be found from Florida to Hong Kong. Proponents argue that this
only affects things like consumer goods and the media, while critics worry that it weakens
traditional culture.
The impact of globalization on culture may also be seen as a blend of the heterogeneous
and homogenous, or a "glocalization" of sorts. Glocalization can be understood as the
development of hybrid cultures at the local level, as foreign cultures reach local soil, such as in
the creation of fusion cuisine or music. In the 21st century, this impact has been felt in American
movies, where foreign films like The Departed are remade for the U.S. market.
One of the most common arguments against globalization is that it forces American
culture onto the world, Westernizing other nations. Will everyone one day wear blue jeans and
eat at McDonald's? We don't know. Globalization can work both ways: Even American blue
jeans were forged from different cultures. They were developed by a German immigrant; their
denim comes from the name of the French town where it originated (de Nimes); and "jeans"
comes from "Genes," a name used to describe a style of pants inspired by the pants worn by
Genoan sailors

3. How has industrialization changed culture?
Industrialization: Industrialization is the process of social and economic change that
transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial one. It is a part of a wider
modernization process, where social change and economic development are closely related with
technological innovation, particularly with the development of large-scale energy and metallurgy
production. It is the extensive organization of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing
The introduction of Industrialization: Industrialization brought people together. Before
the industrial revolution people were based in agriculture--farms that were spread out. The
creation of machines, factories, cities, etc. brought people in from the countryside in search of a
different lifestyle. Time was suddenly important because work days weren't regulated by the sun.
That's when clocks began to be used in the work place. The entertainment industry began to
develop because once people were off the clock, they wanted to have something to do. Disease
and sickness began to get worse because everyone was living so close together and there weren't
any regulations. Everyone in the family had to work. Family life was very difficult and was
different because they were no longer working together. It wasn't like back on the farm. Now the
women and men went to separate work places.
National culture either speeds up or retards industrialization. Developing countries
generally have segmented societies with wide class and culture gaps. The traditional dominant
culture is usually reactive to the newer industrialization process and its industrial culture. To
induce industrialization, the “preexisting culture must adopt or be broken as industrialization
proceeds. The cultural patterns of industrialization may move in rapidly, advance slowly, or be
sealed off in a particular society. They may penetrate deeply or shallowly, depending upon the
nature and strength of the pre-existing culture.”
Industrialization either modifies or destroys traditional cultures. As the leading
industrializing groups adopt modern technologies in the economy through industrial revolution, a
subsequent cultural program must be launched. Ideally, cultural change must precede the
industrialization movement. This is a basic principle in organization development and
development economics. The speed of industrialization is therefore dependent on the degree of
resistance or receptiveness of society in the process of modifying or destroying traditional
cultures.
Cultural institutions like Churches and religions, family system, mass media and
entertainment, and community-based social institutions are major mechanisms that facilitate the
process of changing economies and societies. Today, with the economy and speed of modern
communication and transportation systems, ideas and cultural institutions are fast modified
through electronic media and entertainment via internet, cable TV and the like

4. How has mass communication changed the way human’s impact to each other?
Societies have always needed effective and efficient means to transmit information. Mass
communication is the outgrowth of this need. If you remember our definition of mass
communication as the public transfer of messages through media or technology driven channels
to a large number of recipients, you can easily identify the multiple forms of mass
communication you rely on in your personal, academic, and professional lives. These encompass
print, auditory, visual, and interactive media forms. A relatively recent mass communication
phenomenon known as mass-personal communication combines mass communication channels
with interpersonal communication and relationships, where individuals are now gaining access to
technology that allows them to reach large audiences.
While mass communication is vital to the success of social movements and political
participation it has seven basic functions. The first of which is surveillance, or the “watch dog”
role. Correlation occurs when an audience receives facts and usable information from mass
media sources. When the most outrageous or fantastic stories are presented we are witnessing the
sensationalization function of media. Needing an escape from routines or stress we turn to media
for its entertainment value. As a cultural institution, mass communication transmits cultural
values, norms and behaviors, mobilizes audiences, and validates dominant cultural values.

5. What is popular culture?
Popular culture is everywhere. You know it when you come to the Internet, listen to
music, watch television or go to a movie, concert or stage show. You the know the artists, the
actors and actresses, sports personalities and the games they play. Today, anything with a buzz is
deemed pop culture. The book definition says pop culture is a collection of thoughts, ideas,
attitudes, perspectives, images (you name it) preferred by the mainstream population. A sort of
common denominator.
The most common pop culture categories are: entertainment (movies, music, TV),
sports, news (as in people/places in news), politics, fashion/clothes and technology. Slang, has
also become popular in our culture as each year seems to have its own slang signature, especially
with tweens and teens. Terms such as "going viral" are new pop culture - not only the term, but
the viral product itself.
Each one of us has our own pop culture menu. Look at your apps, your bookmarks, your
songs playlist, TV shows, and movies: what you’re saying on your favorite social net.
Smartphones today are the center of your pop culture.
Although not used in our lexicon back then - modern pop culture (as we know it) began
with the baby boomer generation and "buying power." As boomers came of age with their
disposable incomes - that influence led the pop culture revolution. It began during the 1950's
with rock n' roll, TV, Dick Clark and the hoola hoop, transistor radios, into the 1960's and
beyond.
The term "pop culture" became mainstream during the 1980's. Before this, we used
"popular" to describe things such as, top song playlists or "pop" as in art or "best" or "top"
selling, as in books. Pop culture is fun, fascinating and is at the center of our lives. Test yourself.
The last time you spoke to your good friend, wasn't pop culture part of that conversation?

6. Where does culture originate form?
Culture; what is it and where does it come from? There are many different meanings for
culture for example you may believe it to be one thing while I believe it's something else. It's a
way of life for some, from the clothes that they wear, the way that they act to the things that they
eat. You can't say that one culture is more superior to another because there are many different
cultures to relate to. Culture is a part of our daily lives; from when we get up until we go to sleep
there is a touch of culture in everything we do. Your culture is you're past your present and your
future, its nothing to be ashamed of; people can have as much cultures as they do girlfriends or
boyfriends. With a difference; having lots of different culture to associate with is something to be
proud of and having too much girl/boyfriends is something to see the psychiatrist about. In
various cultures you can find customs or traditions that link the people together, this brings them
together whether it be from the same background, the same ethnicity or something else they have
in common. New cultures can be made but old cultures can't be broken, you can find many
different cultures in one place.

7. Why is understanding culture so important?
When you go into another country than yours, you will be confronted with different
behaviors, different foods, and different ways of life. Most of people are amused when they see
that. But most of the time they are making fun about, being narrow-minded, forgetting that
everybody do not have the same culture.
Understanding culture is important, as it makes you aware and more sensitive to
differences, and you could avoid big mistake in your behavior or maybe adjust, but at least to
respect the people that belong to other cultures than your own.
Moreover understanding culture does not only exist in the aim of helping poor little
students but it is also a real challenge for international businesses. You will not promote a
product in the same way in France or in Germany or in Russia.
Understanding culture is the most important thing when dealing and respecting people. It
does not mean, you have to go out of your way to mimic a culture that is different than your own,
but you should respect the other culture and treat it a different, not inferior yours!