Wellness Concepts and

Components of Wellness
• Spiritual
• Social
• Physical
• Emotional
• Intellectual
• Occupational
• Environmental
Components of Wellness
• Spiritual- can give direction and purpose
• Social-developing and maintaining relationships
• Physical-carrying out daily tasks
• Emotional-ability to control stress abd express emotions appropriately
• Intellectual-ability to learn and use information
• Occupational-balance work, school, and leisure time; achieve
personal satisfaction
• Environmental-promoting health measures that
improve the standard of living or quality of life
Health Disparities
• Race/ Ethnicity
• Education
• Gender
Leading Health Indicators
• Physical Activity
• Overweight and Obesity
• Tobacco Use
• Substance Abuse
• Responsible Sexual Behavior
• Mental Health
• Injury and Violence
• Environmental Quality
• Immunization
• Access to Health Care
Achieving Lifestyle change
• Self help Approach
• Precontemplation Stage
• Contemplation stage
• Preparatin Stage (SMART GOALS)
• Action Stages
• Maintenance Stage
• Termination Stage
Cardiovascular disease
• Coronary Heart Disease
• Stroke
Risk Factors
• Controllable/ Uncontrollable
• Age
• Gender
• Heredity
• Race
• Tobacco Smoke
• High blood cholesterol
• High blood pressure
• Physical inactivity
• Obesity
• Diabetes
• Response to stress
• Hormonal factors
• Birth control pills
• Alcohol consumptionm

Metabolic syndrome
• Abnormal obesity: weight circumference
greater than 40 inches for males, 35 inches for
• Insulin resisitance for diabetes: fasting blood
glucose level of 100 mg/dl or higher
• Triglycerides: 150 mg/dl or higher
• HDL cholesterol below 40 for males or below
50 for females
• Blood pressure: 130/85 or higher
Nutrition and Health
• Poor diet contributes substantially to the
burden of preventable illness and premature
death and is associated with 4 of the 10
leading causes of death.
• Improving your diet is not difficult
• Make small dietary changes to have a
profound effect on your wellness.
Essential Nutrients
• Carbohydrates
• Fats
• Proteins
• Vitamins
• Mineral
• Water
• They are called Esential nutrients because they
cannot be made by the body and must be
supplied through the diet.
• Carbohydrates, fat, protein
• They are required by the body in larger
• Energy nutrients- because they provide energy
(calories) to the body to regulate chemical
• Vitaming and minerals
• Required in lesser amounts than the
Non nutrients
• Water and fiber
• Still part of a healthy diet.
• 3 types-sugar, starches, and fiber
• Starches are called- complex carbohydrates
• Whole grain , high fiber starches are the
preferred source of carbohydrates
• Many weight conscious people mistakenly avoid
starches, thinking that they are high in calories.
• Whole grain bread, cereal, rice, and oats, along
with fruit and vegetables form the foundation of
a nutritious diet
• Meat , fish, poultry, eggs, milk are exmples of
high quality, complete proteins
• A complete protein is one that contains all of
the essential amino acids
• Amino Acids- are chemical structures that are
the building blocks of protein
• Incomplete proteins do not have all of the
essential amino acids and generally are plant
• Also called lipids
• When three fatty acids are hooked to glycerol,
the fat compound is a triglyceride
• 95% of fat stored in the body is a triglyceride
• Saturated fats ( Bad fats)
• Unsaturated fats / polyunsaturated fats (good
• Manufacturers are required to list the types of
fats by serving size on food package labels
Polyunsaturated fats
• -plant oils such as soybean, corn, sunflower, and
safflower oils as well as nuts and seeds.
• Common mistake is assuming the word
polyunsaturated on a food label means that the
fat is not a saturated fat, but because of food
processing this assumption may not be correct
• Hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated= means
that the unsaturated fats were made more
saturated to resist spoiling