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Year 9: Underdale HS

Topic: Disease
Multi-cellular organisms rely on coordinated and interdependent internal systems to respond to changes to their environment
Elaborations
 investigating the response of the body to changes as a result of the presence of micro-organisms
Code
ACSSU175

They analyse how biological systems function and respond to external changes with reference to interdependencies, energy transfers
and flows of matter. They describe social and technological factors that have influenced scientific developments and predict how
future applications of science and technology may affect people’s lives.























Week Less
on
Ideas covered Activities Resources
needed
Assessme
nt and
weighting
1 1 What is
disease?
Non-infectious
and infectious
diseases. 11.1
Engage: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PyorDyoabhs
(top 10 deadliest diseases)

Explore: In groups RANDOM grouping COMPETITION
List as many diseases you can- create a mind map with
headings Infectious and non-infectious

Define: Disease
Infectious and non-infectious
Categories of infectious disease and non- infectious

Explain: Definitions, categories

Elaborate: Share diseases between groups. (put a star
beside diseases that another group has got- group with
the longest list wins)

Try and sort your diseases under the above categories.
Prize for all correct

Evaluate: Create a class mind- map

Pre-test

HW: Q1-9

Internet/project
or

Butchers
paper
textas

Ongoing
definition list

Prize for
diseases lists

Pretest
2 Pathogens
Prions (mad
cow)
Bacteria
-binary fission
Engage:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aP-ShyyHiIc (mad-
cow) intro
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H2Ouxl_GNjA (mad
cow – science)
Assignment
sheets

Assignment
1
Due in two
weeks
- different
shapes
- food sources
- helpful
bacteria

Viruses
- reprodu
ction
11.2

Explore:
HW answers
In groups try to define:
Pathogen:
Antigen:
Host:
Allergens:
Prions:
Virus:
Bacteria:

Explain:
Virus – genetic material
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rpj0emEGShQ
(Spread of viruses)

Bacteria- single celled organism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qCn92mbWxd4
(Watch up to 1.12 and then from 2:55)

Binary fission

Elaborate: Discuss some advantages of bacteria
(groups) and list some diseases caused by bacteria

Discuss some of the diseases caused by viruses
Q1-7

Evaluate: Ongoing class definition list
Exit card:
Why do you think so many people die from infectious
disease?


Engage:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-kq6GS8-Oc
(weird diseases)

Explore: in 3 mins in pairs list as many diseases as you
can

Explain: introduction to research assignment

HW: Work on Assignment

2 3 11.3

Engage:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bb32g02IIs8#aid=P-
zemAsevhc (pork tape worm)

Explore:
Did anybody have any trouble with the homework
Questions?
What do you know about parasites?

Explain:
Parasites:
Organisms which do damage to the hosts they are
infecting for their own benefit.
https://www.ted.com/talks/ed_yong_suicidal_wasps_zom
bie_roaches_and_other_tales_of_parasites/transcript

Protozoans (malaria):
Single cellular organisms. Some cause disease.
http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/malaria-
sci?source=relatedvideo (malaria)

Fungi (tinea):
Group of organisms. Different from plants, animals and
bacteria. Include mushrooms and yeast.

Projector
Internet

Information for
jigsaw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XuKjBIBBAL8
(cordyceps fungi)

Worms:

Elaborate:
Answer Qs together 1-7

Evaluate: Ongoing definition list

Work on research assignment 45mins

4 Lines of
defence




Engage
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FixGtngBdhE lines of
defence Narnia

Explore:
What are the body’s natural defences?

Explain
- Physical barriers
- Chemical barriers
- Inflammation
- Phagocytes
- Lymphatic system lymphocytes
- Antibodies
- Antigens
-

Elaborate : Qs text book

Evaluate: Q8 narrative Imagine you are a pathogen
entering the human body. What lines of defence are
there



Engage: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKiQA5e-fPg
(sneeze)



3 5 Spreading it
around
How diseases
are spread
Controlling
disease 11.4
and 11.5
Engage: Practical – Spreading infectious diseases

Explore: in pairs list as many ways as you can that
diseases are spread
and as many ways you can think of which stop the
spread of disease

Explain: What ways did you have?
Difference between disinfectant and antiseptic
Vectors
Pasteurisation of milk

Elaborate: Qs 1-9
Check Assignment progress


Evaluate: Practical write up

Exit card:
3 ways disease is spread
2 new ways to prevent disease

Cups
Indicators
liquids
Things
due:
Practical
write up
(formative)
6
NAPLAN

4 7 Disease
Human impact
on disease
World health organisation conference presentations


Evaluate: Hand in your notes from this conference

Sheets for
note taking
Participation
cards (roles for
the audience)
Research
Assignmen
t DUE
8 Antibiotics
11.5
Natural
defences of
the body 11.6

Engage: Practical- antibiotics –Part 1


HW: 1-7

Pre-test: experimental design
Equipment for
practical
Practical
Part 1
5 9 Growth of
mould and
bacteria
Engage: Practical results what did you discover
-Set up part 2 – Check on Thursday

Explore: Share results
Create class results

What are antibiotics?

Which substance had antibiotic properties?

Explain: Intro to part two of investigation – design
practical

Elaborate: Conduct Part two of Practical


Equipment for
practical
Practical
DUE
10 Revision Vocabulary:
Infectious diseases: Can be transferred from one
organism to another. Diseases are caused by prions,
bacteria, viruses, protozoans, fungi, animals.
Non- infectious diseases. Diseases caused by:
Nutritional deficit or excess, metabolic issues, genetics,
cancers, ageing.
Pathogen:
Organism that invades your body and stops it working
properly.
Pathogenic agents: non-living causes of disease
Antigen: Chemicals that are not-part of the body that
come from pathogens or pathogenic agents

Host: The organism that a pathogen or pathogenic agent
attacks
Allergens: Substances that cause an abnormal reaction
of the body.
Prions: protein molecule that is infectious and causes
disease
Virus: Extremely small particle containing genetic
material that can grow and reproduce only inside living
things
Bacteria: Smallest life form found on earth.
Binary Fission: Reproduction by division of an organism,
usually single celled into two new organisms.
Parasites:
Organisms which do damage to the hosts they are
infecting for their own benefit.
https://www.ted.com/talks/ed_yong_suicidal_wasps_zom
bie_roaches_and_other_tales_of_parasites/transcript

Protozoans (malaria):
Single cellular organisms. Some cause disease.

Fungi (tinea):
Group of organisms, some are parasitic. Different from
plants, animals and bacteria. Include mushrooms and
yeast.

Worms: Group of organisms , some are parasitic. E.g
tapeworms. (note: ringworm is not a worm).

First line of Defence:
- Physical barriers
Designed to prevent the entry of invading pathogens.
(e.g skin, coughing, sneezing and nasal hairs)
- Chemical barriers
First line of Defence: Designed to prevent the entry of
invading pathogens (body fluids such as saliva, tears,
stomach acid).
Second Line
- Inflammation
Second line of defence: Increased blood flow to the
infected area, results in redness and swelling. Special
white blood cells called phagocytes move into the
damaged areas.
- Phagocytes
Phagocytes engulf and destroy foreign particles in the
body.
Third line
- Lymphatic system
Third line of defence: Body system of fluid containing
tubes that remove large molecules, particles and bacteria
from the body. Contain another type of white blood cells
called lymphocytes.
- lymphocytes
Produce chemicals caused antibodies.
- Antibodies
Chemicals that can deactivate certain antigens or ‘tag’
them for destruction.
- Antigens
Chemicals that are not-part of the body that come from
pathogens or pathogenic agents
Disinfectant: Chemical that kills microbes
Antiseptics: Mild chemical that prevents bacterial
growth.

6 11 Revision Revision Cont. (45mins)
Test 1hr

Test
12 Review Test









































(No time for vaccines)
How we conquered small pox: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5yIJXdItgo

Explore (in groups):
What do you know about vaccinations

Explain: Vaccinations
What they are and how they work

Elaborate: Collect data for design practical

Evaluate:
What are vaccinations and how do they work?

HW: Q1-10