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ORE Part 1 – Format

Part 1 of the test comprises two, three-hour written papers, undertaken on a computer and is made
up of Extended Matching Questions (EMQs) and Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) in the form of
ingle !est "nswer #uestions (!"s)$
Extended matching questions (EMQs)
Extended matching #uestions are grouped into themes$ Each theme has a heading that tells %ou
what the #uestions are a&out$
'ithin each theme there are se(eral num&ered items$ )hese are the #uestions and the pro&lems
%ou ha(e to sol(e$ )here are examples in the next section$
'e recommend that %ou &egin &% reading carefull% the instruction that precedes the num&ered
items$
'e recommend that %ou consider each of the num&ered items and decide what %ou think the
answer is$ *ou should then look for that answer in the list of options a&o(e the items (each of which
is identified &% a letter of the alpha&et)$ +f %ou cannot find the answer %ou ha(e thought of, %ou
should look for the option which, in %our opinion, is the &est answer to the pro&lem posed$
,or each num&ered item, %ou must choose -.E, and onl% one, of the options$ *ou ma% feel that
there are se(eral possi&le answers to an item, &ut %ou must choose the &est one from the option
list$ +f %ou enter more than one answer on the answer sheet %ou will gain no mark for the #uestion
e(en though %ou ma% ha(e gi(en the right answer along with one or more wrong ones$
-n occasions %ou ma% feel that more than one option offers a credi&le answer$ +n such
circumstances the examiners are looking for the single answer that is generall% accepted to accord
with current &est practice or clinical guidelines$
+n each theme there are more options than items, so not all the options will &e used as answers$
)his is wh% the instruction sa%s that some options ma% not &e used at all$
"lternati(el% a gi(en option ma% pro(ide the answer to more than one item$ ,or example, for two
different scenarios the most likel% diagnosis could &e the same$ +n this case the option would &e
used more than once$
Example EMQs
Example 1 / appearances of oral tissue
)he options pro(ided &elow are diagnoses for conditions with characteristic appearances that ma%
&e recognised when examining patients0 mouths$ ,or each clinical scenario descri&ed choose the
single most likel% diagnosis from the list of options$ Each option ma% &e used once, more than
once, or not at all$
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-ptions list8
"# Circum(allate papillae
$# ,iliform papillae
%# ,ord%ce spots
&# 6eukoedema
E# 6eukoplakia
F# 6ingual tonsils
'# Mandi&ular tori
(# Palatal tori
Clinical scenarios
1# e&aceous glands (isi&le as white or cream coloured spopts up to ;$=mm diameter
usuall% present in the la&ial and &uccal mucosa$ %
)# !ilateral raised red lumps, which enlarge during (iral infections, at the lateral
&orders of the &ase of the tongue$ F
*# " row of 7-1< pink?red lumps on the dorsum of the tongue at the @unction of the
anterior two thirds and posterior third of the tongue$ "
!# " milk% white translucent whitening of the oral mucosa, commoner in &lack races
which disappears on stretching the mucosa$ &
+# !ilateral &on% hard swellings on the lingual aspect of the mandi&le in the premolar
regions# '
Example < / )heme8 use of antibiotics
,or each of the clinical scenarios descri&ed &elow, select the most appropriate anti&iotic from the
options list$ Each might &e used once, more than once, or not at all$
-ptions list8
"# "moxicillin <=;mg #ds$ for = da%s
$# "moxicillin =;;mg &d$ for 5 da%s
%# "moxicillin 1g intra(enousl%
&# "moxicillin 4g single oral dose
E# "Aithrom%cin =;;mg single oral dose
F# Clindam%cin B;;mg single oral dose
'# Er%throm%cin <=;mg #ds for = da%s
(# MetronidaAole <;;mg tds for 5 da%s
,# MetronidaAole <;;mg #ds for 5 da%s
-# Penicillin C 1<=mg #ds$ for = da%s
.# Penicillin C <=;mg #ds$ for = da%s
/# )etrac%dine <=;mg #ds$ for = da%s
Clinical scenarios8
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1# " =;-%ear-old man with a prosthetic heart (al(e re#uiring a tooth extraction$ )here is
no other rele(ant medical histor%$ &
)# )he same patient who re#uires a further dental procedure three weeks after the
extraction$ F
*# " ==-%ear-old man who is allergic to penicillin and who is una&le to swallow
capsules$ E
!# " B;-%ear old woman with a pre(ious histor% of endocarditis re#uiring scaling and
root planning and who is allergic to penicillin$ F
+# " =-%ear-old child attends in the dental emergenc% clinic at the weekend, with
swelling of the right side of the face resulting from an a&scessed tooth$ )here is no
significant medical histor%$ -
1# " <4-%ear-old woman presents complaining of Dsore0, red, &leeding gums and
halitosis$ (
2# " p%rexic 4;-%ear-old man presents with an exacer&ation of an apical infection two
da%s after initiation of root canal therap%$ .
3ingle $est "ns4er questions (3$"s)
ingle !est "nswer #uestions are characterised &% a #uestion, which ma% &e &ased on a clinical
scenario, followed &% a set of usuall% fi(e possi&le answers$ *ou are asked to choose what %ou
think is the most accurate answer$
Example 3$"s
Example 1 - 'hilst undertaking root canal preparation of a lower molar tooth anaesthetised with
interior al(eolar ner(e &lock, the patient experiences pain$
'hich root canal is most likel% to contain sensiti(e tissue8
 2isto&uccal root canal
 2istolingual root canal
 Mesio&uccal root canal
 Mesiolingual root canal
 2istal root canal
Example < - *ou are considering %our choice of local analgesia for a surgical procedure which %ou
anticipate will &e Ddifficult0$
'hich one of the following agents pro(ides the most prolonged analgesiaE
 "rticaine
 $upivicaine
 6idocaine (lignocaine)
 Mepi(icaine
 Prilocaine
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Example 4 - " =1 %ear old man with chronic periodontal disease complains of pol%uria, thirst and
letharg% at his treatment re(iew
$
'hich of the following medical conditions is most likel% to &e associated with his presenting
conditionE
 "ngina
 Cushing0s s%ndrome
 &ia5etes mellitus
 6%mphoma
 )u&erculosis
Example : - " two %ear old experienced trauma to her upper deciduous incisors$ 'hat is the most
likel% permanent conse#uence for the de(eloping incisorsE
 &ilacerated tooth
 Enamel h%poplasia
 1eminated tooth
 Futchinson0s incisor
 )urner0s tooth
ORE Part 1 6 %ontent
)he purpose of Part 1 is to test the candidates0 application of knowledge to clinical practice$
)he -3E Part 1 consists two papers testing candidates0 knowledge of8
Paper 1
Clinicall% applied dental scienceG
Clinicall% applied human diseaseG
Paper )
"ll aspects of clinical dentistr%, including law and ethics and health and safet%$
,or more detailed information on the possi&le topic areas, please refer to the section &elow$
*ou will see that some learning outcomes ma% &e co(ered in either Paper 1 and?or in Paper <$ ,or
example the applied implications of anatom% for Prosthodontics or -ral urger% ma% &e co(ered in
Paper 1 while the relationship of clinical procedures to anatomical features ma% &e co(ered in
Paper <$ imilarl% in relation to materials Paper 1 might look at clinical application from the science
(iewpoint while Paper < might relate clinical techni#ue to the underl%ing science$
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