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Created by – Jessica Inthavong

Lesson Plan- Adjectives
Audience:
This lesson can be taught to any age group but I recommend ages 8-70. The
learners should be at a beginning level English proficiency with some prior exposure to
English. This lesson can be taught at a public or private school or a language school. This
particular 80-minute lesson plan could be used at somewhere like Mount San Antonio
College where they have 3.5 hour sessions.
Learning Outcomes:
1. Students will be able to understand what an adjective is.
2. Students will be able to identify the adjectives in a sentence.
3. Students will be able to use more than one adjective in a sentence.
4. Students will make a restaurant menu using adjectives correctly.
Rationale:
I chose to teach this specific grammar point because adjectives are necessary to
learn. When a person uses many adjectives in their speech or writing, their story or
explanation becomes more vivid. Nouns and verbs would have been taught in prior
lessons while adverbs would be taught in the next lesson. Spanish speakers might make
the error of placing the adjective behind the noun that it is describing (i.e., I live in a
house blue.). If there are Spanish speakers in the class, I will be sure to point this error
out so that they will not make this mistake.
Materials:
Schoolhouse Rock “Grammar Rock” video, DVD or VCR player (depending on if
the video is a VHS tape or DVD), “Unpack your adjectives” lyric sheet, poster
paper, markers or colored pencils, gak, paper plates, and hand wipes.
Procedure:
1. Introduction to adjectives through questioning (3 minutes)
The T begins the class by asking Ss questions about things in the room that
elicit an answer containing an adjective. (Example: What color is [student
A]’s shirt?)
2. Gak (5 minutes)
The T assigns Ss to groups (if Ss are already sitting at a table with other Ss
then that will be their assigned group). Each group of Ss receive a piece of gak
on a paper plate. Ss are required to describe the unknown substance. Some
adjectives that may be used to describe gak are: gooey, sticky, breakable,
flexible, smelly, green, stretchy, strange. Hand out wipes for the Ss to wipe
their fingers. (Note: If there are young children in the class, remind them not
to taste the gak.)
3. Play Grammar Rock’s “Unpack your adjectives” song (4 minutes)
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Created by – Jessica Inthavong
(Note: If possible, have the DVD or VHS tape already cued to the start of the
song.)
4. Discussion of the adjectives seen in the video clip (3 minutes)
Ss discuss the adjectives that they saw while watching the “Unpack your
adjectives” song. Some of these could be: scary, hairy, flowery, friendly,
bumpy.
5. Handout “Unpack your adjectives” lyric sheet and read aloud (8 minutes)
The T gives each student an “Unpack your adjectives” lyric sheet. Then the T
reads each line of the song out loud and pauses after every line in order for the
Ss to repeat. The T clarifies vocabulary words or parts of the song that the Ss
do not understand.
6. “Unpack your adjectives” is played once more (4 minutes)
If Ss want to, they can follow along on their lyric sheets.
7. Students work in groups circling the adjectives (8 minutes)
Ss work in the same groups that they had previously worked in for the gak
activity. Ss circle the adjectives that they find in the lyrics on the lyric sheet.
Group members discuss the adjectives that they found on their sheets. The T
walks around the classroom during this activity and monitors the Ss’ progress.
After 5 minutes, the T calls the class back together and has the different
groups report some of their answers.
8. Explanation of adjectives (7 minutes)
The T explains how adjectives are words that are used to describe a noun. Ss
are asked to volunteer adjectives which the T writes on the blackboard or dry
erase board. They collectively create sentences using these adjectives. Later,
the T explains the order in which adjectives usually appear (subjective
evaluation/opinion, size, shape, age, color, origin, material, purpose).
9. Adjective activity- Restaurant menu (20 minutes)
Ss will work in groups of 4-5 and will make a restaurant menu. They are given
a sheet of poster paper and markers (or colored pencils). Ss are allowed to
choose any type of restaurant (Chinese, Mexican, American, etc.) that they
would like to make a menu for. They write down food items on the poster
paper, create a sentence using at least three adjectives to describe the item and
then draw a picture of the item. (For example, a Chinese restaurant that serves
dumplings may describe the dumplings as white, soft, and juicy.)
10. Group presentations (18 minutes)
Groups of Ss present their restaurant menu to the class. Once all the groups
have presented, Ss vote for the restaurant that they would most like to eat at.
*Total lesson time= 80 minutes
Follow-up:
Depending on the length of the class, an hour class period will not have enough
time for group presentations. In this case, Ss will give their restaurant menus to
the T and he/she will bring them to the next class for them to present. If Ss have
not finished their menus, they will have a few minutes at the beginning of the next
class meeting to work on them before their presentation. Ss will have no
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Created by – Jessica Inthavong
homework for this lesson. Adverbs will be taught at the next class session and the
Ss’ restaurant menus will be used to help create sentences that employ the use of
adverbs.
Unpack Your Adjectives
Schoolhouse Rock- Grammar Rock (1973)
Music and Lyrics: George R. Newall
Performed by: Blossom Dearie
Got home from camping last spring.
Saw people, places and things.
We barely had arrived, Friends asked us to describe
The people, places and every last thing.
So we unpacked our adjectives.
I unpacked “frustrating” first.
Reached in and found the word “worst”.
Then I picked “soggy” and
Next I picked “foggy” and
Then I was ready to tell them my tale.
‘Cause I’d unpacked my adjectives.
Adjectives are words you use to really describe things,
Handy words to carry around.
Days are sunny or they’re rainy
Boys are dumb or else they’re brainy
Adjectives can show you which way.
Adjectives are often used to help us compare things,
To say how thin, how fat, how short, how tall.
Girls who are tall can get taller,
Boys who are small can get smaller,
Till one is the tallest
And the other’s the smallest of all.
We hiked along without care.
Then we ran into a bear.
He was a hairy bear,
He was a scary bear,
We beat a hasty retreat from his lair.
And described him with adjectives.
Next time you go on a trip,
Remember this little tip:
The minute you get back,
They’ll ask you this and that,
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Created by – Jessica Inthavong
You can describe people, places and things…
Simply unpack your adjectives.
You can do it with adjectives.
Tell them ‘bout it with adjectives.
You can shout it with adjectives.
Gak Recipe
Materials:
Warm water, glue, Borax, food coloring, gloves, two bowls
Mixture 1:
3/4 cups warm water
1 cup Elmer’s glue
Mixture 2:
2 tsp. Borax
1/2 cup warm water
Stir mixture 1 together in one bowl. Mix well. Add a few drops of food
coloring and stir until the color is evenly distributed. Stir mixture 2 together
in another bowl. Mix until Borax is dissolved. Pour mixture 1 into mixture 2.
No need to stir, just reach in and pull out a glob of Gak! Work it for 2 or 3
minutes.
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