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DEMI NERALI SATI ON PLANT

PRESENTATI ON
ON

MGF ACF LBC DEGASSER
TOWER
WBA SBA MB
DM PLANT FLOW DIAGRAM
G.C.TANK-1 G.C.TANK-11 DM WATER.TANK
DM WATER
CONDENSATES FROM
1.All Paper Machines
2.New Fiber line
3.P.D.Plant
4.Coating Plant
5.Turbines etc.
Fresh water
6.Evaporator-3
300 m3
110 m3 100 m3
MGF: Multi gravel filter.
ACF: Activated carbon filter.
LBC : Layered bed cation.
WBA: Weak base anion.
SBA : Strong base anion.
MB : Mixed bed.
IMPORTANCE OF DIFFERENT UNITS
MGF : Contains gravels with different grade of pebbles. It
will remove suspended matter (TOTAL SUPENDED
SOLIDS).

ACF : Contains Activated Carbons AC is defined as highly
porous,carbonaceous material.The very large porosity
provides a large surface area,which results in exceptional
adsorptive properties.Works: Adsorbs Organic load &
Chlorine.

LBC: This is having Strong and Weak Cation resins.
( Indion-525 H= 2740 Lts and Indion-236 H=4160 Lts).Here
flow of water is from top to bottom and flow of regenerant is
from bottom to top.It absorbs hardness : Na,Ca & Mg.These
are exchanged with Hydrogen on the resin. In regeneration :
Na,Ca & Mg ions. are replaced by Hydrogen ions
Reactions: RESINS- H
+
ions + Water CaCl
2
,MgSo
4
,NaCl
RESINS-Ca +HCl , H
2
So
4
+ HCl
RESINS- H
+
ions +CaCl
2
,CaSo
4
(Drained during regeneration )
DEGASSER: Here Carbon dioxide is removed.
Reactions: Carbonic Acid + Air by blower

Carbon dioxide + Water
WBA : It is having weak anion resin.(Indion-850 Resin = 2350 Lts)
It will absorb all the Free mineral acidity in cation treated water.
FMA: Conversation of neutral salt (Chloride,Sulphate &
Nitrate ) to their respective mineral acids.
EMA: Equivalent mineral Acidity a measure of the neutral salts
(Chloride,Sulphate & Nitrate ) content of the water.
EMA-FMA = Sodium Slip
SBA: This is having Strong anion resins. ( Indion-FFIP = 5690
Lts).Here flow of water is from top to bottom and flow of
regenerant is from bottom to top.
It absorbs : Chloride,Sulphate,Nitrate and Silica
Reactions: RESINS- OH
-
ions + HCl,H
2
So
4,

RESINS-Cl, So
4
+ H
2
O

+ NaOH
RESINS- OH
-
ions + NaCl,Na
2
So
4
(Drained during regeneration )
MB: This the final polishing unit. It contains both cation and
anion resins ( Indion-FFIP=1210 Lts and Indion-225
H=2360 Lts) . If there is some traces of hardness and anions
leakages,then these are absorbs in MB.
Cation resins : are regenerated with HCl.
Anion resins : are regenerated with NaOH.
DM Water Parameters
1.pH = 6.8 to 7.2
2.Conductivity = 0.5 PPM ( Max)
3.Silica = 0.02 PPM ( Max)
4.Total Hardness = NiL
Boiler water parameters
1.pH = 8.7 to 9.5
2.Silica = 5 PPM (Max)
3.Total Dissolved Solid = 50 PPM(Max)
4.Total Hardness = NIL
Steam
1.pH = 8.5 to 9.0
2.Silica = 0.02 PPM (Max)
3.Total Dissolved Solid = 8 Micro Simens/Cm(Max)
4.Total Hardness = NIL
Return Condensate
1.pH = 8.5 to 9.0
2.Silica = 0.02 PPM (Max)
3.Conductivity = 8 PPM(Max)
4.Total Hardness = NIL
Return Condensate received at G.C.Tank
1. All Paper Machines ( 5 Nos)
2. PD Plant
3. Coating Plant
4. Fiber Line
5. TG Sets ( 3 Nos)
6. Evaporators ( 2 Nos)
7. Condensate from LFB-4
8. CFB-5 Feed Water Heater



CONDENSATE BALANCE
Total Feed water =DM Water ( Make up) + Return Condensate.
1. Make Up Water = 30 %
2. Return Condensate = 70 %
3. Steam Generated = 4051 M
3
/Day
4. Expected Condensate = 3195 M
3
/Day ( 68.28 % )
5. Actual Condensate received = 2888 M
3
/Day ( 82.40 % )
6. Deviation of Condensate = 307 M
3
/Day ( 14.13 % )
7. Make up Water = 1276 M
3
/Day ( 31.41% )
8. Total CBD/IBD = 41 M
3
/Day
9. Total Feed Water = 4092 M
3
/Day


2888
4092
1204
41
4051
% % % % % % % %
%
846 89 34 95 92 95 403 61 46 38 481 93 277 45 313 95 703 100
798 84 25 70 68 70 265 40 0 0 439 85 277 45 313 95 703 100
48 5 9 25 24 25 138 21 46 38.02 42 8 0 0 0 0 0 0
2888
DM Plant
CBD / IBD
G.C.Tanks
Boilers for
Steam
Generation
RETURN CONDENSATE
Pulp Mill
Causticizing
Plant
Evaporators
( I & III)
659 121 516
3) Deviation
Regenerat i on,
Cl O2 , SPRD et c
Paper
Machines
PD Plant
Coating
Plant
954 36 97
DAILY RETURN CONDENSATE BALANCE IN M
3
2) Actual
1) Expected
CFB
Internal
Turbines
Steam
Blow
LFB-4&5
329 703 15
Return Condensate
Steam Supplied 621
72
1204
1276
Boiler Water Treatment Chemical (Conditioning Chemical)
For Boiler water treatment the following Chemicals are used:
1. Indion-5203( Filming Amine): used as 8 PPM on Make up
Water.
2. Indion-5164(pH Booster): used as a Contingency
Chemical.Depending on the pH in Boiler water it is dosed as
1 to 2 PPM on Make up Water.
3. Hydrazine Hydrate: used as Passivation When Boilers are in
Ideal Conditions.

Cooling tower Treatment Chemical
There are 3 Nos of Cooling towers:
1. Three Cell Cooling tower
2. Four Cell Cooling tower
3. Single Cell Cooling tower
Following chemicals are used :
1. Anti scaling & Anticorrosion
2. Bio despersent
3. Biocides
4. Sulphuric Acid


Cooling tower Water
quality
pH = 7.8 to 8.0
COC = 3 to 5
12MW COOLING TOWER FILL DEPOSIT CLEANING
We are planning to remove the fill deposit with NALCO Chemicals :
1. Nalco 73550 : This is a Biodetergent . It will remove the deposits
through a combination of Chemical solubilization and Physical
scrubbing .
2. Nalco 90001 : Quaternary ammonium biocide.
3. Sodium Hypochlorite : As per the system requirement.


END OF THE PRESENTATION